# CHAPTER 6. Accounting and the Time Value of Money. 2. Use of tables. 13, a. Unknown future amount. 7, 19 1, 5, 13 2, 3, 4, 7

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1 CHAPTER 6 Accounting and the Time Value of Money ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE (BY TOPIC) Topics Questions Brief Exercises Exercises Problems 1. Present value concepts. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, Use of tables. 13, Present and future value problems: a. Unknown future amount. 7, 19 1, 5, 13 2, 3, 4, 7 b. Unknown payments. 10, 11, 12 6, 12, 15, 17 8, 16, 17 2, 6 c. Unknown number of periods. 4, 9 10, 15 2 d. Unknown interest rate. 15, 18 3, 11, 16 9, 10, 11, 14 2, 7 e. Unknown present value. 8, 19 2, 7, 8, 10, 14 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 17, 18, Value of a series of irregular deposits; changing interest rates. 1, 4, 7, 9, 13, 14 3, 5, 8 5. Valuation of leases, pensions, bonds; choice between projects , 12, 13, 14, 15 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, Deferred annuity Expected Cash Flows. 20, 21, 22 13, 14, 15 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-1

2 ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE (BY LEARNING OBJECTIVE) Learning Objectives Brief Exercises Exercises Problems 1. Identify accounting topics where the time value of money is relevant. 2. Distinguish between simple and compound interest Use appropriate compound interest tables Identify variables fundamental to solving interest problems. 5. Solve future and present value of 1 problems. 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 2, 3, 6, 9, 10, 15 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, Solve future value of ordinary and annuity due problems. 5, 6, 9, 13 3, 4, 6, 15, 16 2, 7 7. Solve present value of ordinary and annuity due problems. 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 17 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 12, 17, 18, 19 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, Solve present value problems related to deferred annuities and bonds. 9. Apply expected cash flows to present value measurement. 15 7, 8, 13, 14 5, 6, 11, 12, 15 20, 21, 22 13, 14, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

3 ASSIGNMENT CHARACTERISTICS TABLE Item Description Level of Difficulty Time (minutes) E6-1 Using interest tables. Simple 5 10 E6-2 Simple and compound interest computations. Simple 5 10 E6-3 Computation of future values and present values. Simple E6-4 Computation of future values and present values. Moderate E6-5 Computation of present value. Simple E6-6 Future value and present value problems. Moderate E6-7 Computation of bond prices. Moderate E6-8 Computations for a retirement fund. Simple E6-9 Unknown rate. Moderate 5 10 E6-10 Unknown periods and unknown interest rate. Simple E6-11 Evaluation of purchase options. Moderate E6-12 Analysis of alternatives. Simple E6-13 Computation of bond liability. Moderate E6-14 Computation of pension liability. Moderate E6-15 Investment decision. Moderate E6-16 Retirement of debt. Simple E6-17 Computation of amount of rentals. Simple E6-18 Least costly payoff. Simple E6-19 Least costly payoff annuity due. Simple E6-20 Expected cash flows. Simple 5 10 E6-21 Expected cash flows and present value. Moderate E6-22 Fair value estimate. Moderate P6-1 Various time value situations. Moderate P6-2 Various time value situations. Moderate P6-3 Analysis of alternatives. Moderate P6-4 Evaluating payment alternatives. Moderate P6-5 Analysis of alternatives. Moderate P6-6 Purchase price of a business. Moderate P6-7 Time value concepts applied to solve business problems. Complex P6-8 Analysis of alternatives. Moderate P6-9 Analysis of business problems. Complex P6-10 Analysis of lease vs. purchase. Complex P6-11 Pension funding. Complex P6-12 Pension funding. Moderate P6-13 Expected cash flows and present value. Moderate P6-14 Expected cash flows and present value. Moderate P6-15 Fair value estimate. Complex Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-3

4 SOLUTIONS TO CODIFICATION EXERCISES CE6-1 (a) According to the Master Glossary, present value is a tool used to link uncertain future amounts (cash flows or values) to a present amount using a discount rate (an application of the income approach) that is consistent with value maximizing behavior and capital market equilibrium. Present value techniques differ in how they adjust for risk and in the type of cash flows they use. (b) The discount rate adjustment technique is a present value technique that uses a risk-adjusted discount rate and contractual, promised, or most likely cash flows. (c) Other codification references to present value are at (1) FASB ASC and (2) FASB ASC Details for these references follow Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures > 10 Overall > 35 Subsequent Measurement Those valuation techniques include the following: a. Present value techniques b. Option-pricing models (which incorporate present value techniques), such as the Black-Scholes-Merton formula (a closed-form model) and a binomial model (a lattice model) c. The multiperiod excess earnings method, which is used to measure the fair value of certain intangible assets Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures > 10 Overall > 55 Implementation General, paragraph 55-4 >>> Present Value Techniques 55-4 FASB Concepts Statement No. 7, Using Cash Flow Information and Present Value in Accounting Measurements, provides guidance for using present value techniques to measure fair value. That guidance focuses on a traditional or discount rate adjustment technique and an expected cash flow (expected present value) technique. This Section clarifies that guidance. (That guidance is included or otherwise referred to principally in paragraphs 39 46, 51, 62 71, 114, and 115 of Concepts Statement 7.) This Section neither prescribes the use of one specific present value technique nor limits the use of present value techniques to measure fair value to the techniques discussed herein. The present value technique used to measure fair value will depend on facts and circumstances specific to the asset or liability being measured (for example, whether comparable assets or liabilities can be observed in the market) and the availability of sufficient data. CE6-2 Answers will vary. By entering the phrase present value in the search window, a list of references to the term is provided. The site allows you to narrow the search to assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses. (a) Asset reference: 350 Intangibles Goodwill and Other > 20 Goodwill > 50 Disclosure > Goodwill Impairment Loss > Information for Each Period for Which a Statement of Financial Position Is Presented 6-4 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

5 CE6-2 (Continued) 50-1 The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill during the period shall be disclosed, including the following (see Example 3 [paragraph ]): a. The aggregate amount of goodwill acquired. b. The aggregate amount of impairment losses recognized. c. The amount of goodwill included in the gain or loss on disposal of all or a portion of a reporting unit. Entities that report segment information in accordance with Topic 280 shall provide the above information about goodwill in total and for each reportable segment and shall disclose any significant changes in the allocation of goodwill by reportable segment. If any portion of goodwill has not yet been allocated to a reporting unit at the date the financial statements are issued, that unallocated amount and the reasons for not allocating that amount shall be disclosed. > Goodwill Impairment Loss 50-2 For each goodwill impairment loss recognized, all of the following information shall be disclosed in the notes to the financial statements that include the period in which the impairment loss is recognized: a. A description of the facts and circumstances leading to the impairment. b. The amount of the impairment loss and the method of determining the fair value of the associated reporting unit (whether based on quoted market prices, prices of comparable businesses, a present value or other valuation technique, or a combination thereof). c. If a recognized impairment loss is an estimate that has not yet been finalized (see paragraphs through 19), that fact and the reasons therefore and, in subsequent periods, the nature and amount of any significant adjustments made to the initial estimate of the impairment loss. (b) Liability reference: 410 Asset Retirement and Environmental Obligations > 20 Asset Retirement Obligations > 30 Initial Measurement Determination of a Reasonable Estimate of Fair Value 30-1 An expected present value technique will usually be the only appropriate technique with which to estimate the fair value of a liability for an asset retirement obligation. An entity, when using that technique, shall discount the expected cash flows using a credit-adjusted risk-free rate. Thus, the effect of an entity s credit standing is reflected in the discount rate rather than in the expected cash flows. Proper application of a discount rate adjustment technique entails analysis of at least two liabilities the liability that exists in the marketplace and has an observable interest rate and the liability being measured. The appropriate rate of interest for the cash flows being measured must be inferred from the observable rate of interest of some other liability, and to draw that inference the characteristics of the cash flows must be similar to those of the liability being measured. Rarely, if ever, would there be an observable rate of interest for a liability that has cash flows similar to an asset retirement obligation being measured. In addition, an asset retirement obligation usually will have uncertainties in both timing and amount. In that circumstance, employing a discount rate adjustment technique, where uncertainty is incorporated into the rate, will be difficult, if not impossible. See paragraphs through and Example 2 (paragraph ). Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-5

6 CE6-2 (Continued) (c) Revenue or Expense reference: 720 Other Expenses> 25 Contributions Made> 30 Initial Measurement 30-1 Contributions made shall be measured at the fair values of the assets given or, if made in the form of a settlement or cancellation of a donee s liabilities, at the fair value of the liabilities cancelled Unconditional promises to give that are expected to be paid in less than one year may be measured at net settlement value because that amount, although not equivalent to the present value of estimated future cash flows, results in a reasonable estimate of fair value. CE6-3 Interest cost includes interest recognized on obligations having explicit interest rates, interest imputed on certain types of payables in accordance with Subtopic , and interest related to a capital lease determined in accordance with Subtopic With respect to obligations having explicit interest rates, interest cost includes amounts resulting from periodic amortization of discount or premium and issue costs on debt. According to the discussion at: 835 Interest> 30 Imputation of Interest 05-1 This Subtopic addresses the imputation of interest Business transactions often involve the exchange of cash or property, goods, or services for a note or similar instrument. When a note is exchanged for property, goods, or services in a bargained transaction entered into at arm s length, there should be a general presumption that the rate of interest stipulated by the parties to the transaction represents fair and adequate compensation to the supplier for the use of the related funds. That presumption, however, must not permit the form of the transaction to prevail over its economic substance and thus would not apply if interest is not stated, the stated interest rate is unreasonable, or the stated face amount of the note is materially different from the current cash sales price for the same or similar items or from the market value of the note at the date of the transaction. The use of an interest rate that varies from prevailing interest rates warrants evaluation of whether the face amount and the stated interest rate of a note or obligation provide reliable evidence for properly recording the exchange and subsequent related interest This Subtopic provides guidance for the appropriate accounting when the face amount of a note does not reasonably represent the present value of the consideration given or received in the exchange. This circumstance may arise if the note is non-interest-bearing or has a stated interest rate that is different from the rate of interest appropriate for the debt at the date of the transaction. Unless the note is recorded at its present value in this circumstance, the sales price and profit to a seller in the year of the transaction and the purchase price and cost to the buyer are misstated, and interest income and interest expense in subsequent periods are also misstated. 6-6 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

7 ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. Money has value because with it one can acquire assets and services and discharge obligations. The holding, borrowing or lending of money can result in costs or earnings. And the longer the time period involved, the greater the costs or the earnings. The cost or earning of money as a function of time is the time value of money. Accountants must have a working knowledge of compound interest, annuities, and present value concepts because of their application to numerous types of business events and transactions which require proper valuation and presentation. These concepts are applied in the following areas: (1) sinking funds, (2) installment contracts, (3) pensions, (4) long-term assets, (5) leases, (6) notes receivable and payable, (7) business combinations, and (8) amortization of premiums and discounts. 2. Some situations in which present value measures are used in accounting include: (a) Notes receivable and payable these involve single sums (the face amounts) and may involve annuities, if there are periodic interest payments. (b) Leases involve measurement of assets and obligations, which are based on the present value of annuities (lease payments) and single sums (if there are residual values to be paid at the conclusion of the lease). (c) Pensions and other deferred compensation arrangements involve discounted future annuity payments that are estimated to be paid to employees upon retirement. (d) Bond pricing the price of bonds payable is comprised of the present value of the principal or face value of the bond plus the present value of the annuity of interest payments. (e) Long-term assets evaluating various long-term investments or assessing whether an asset is impaired requires determining the present value of the estimated cash flows (may be single sums and/or an annuity). 3. Interest is the payment for the use of money. It may represent a cost or earnings depending upon whether the money is being borrowed or loaned. The earning or incurring of interest is a function of the time, the amount of money, and the risk involved (reflected in the interest rate). Simple interest is computed on the amount of the principal only, while compound interest is computed on the amount of the principal plus any accumulated interest. Compound interest involves interest on interest while simple interest does not. 4. The interest rate generally has three components: (1) Pure rate of interest This would be the amount a lender would charge if there were no possibilities of default and no expectation of inflation. (2) Expected inflation rate of interest Lenders recognize that in an inflationary economy, they are being paid back with less valuable dollars. As a result, they increase their interest rate to compensate for this loss in purchasing power. When inflationary expectations are high, interest rates are high. (3) Credit risk rate of interest The government has little or no credit risk (i.e., risk of nonpayment) when it issues bonds. A business enterprise, however, depending upon its financial stability, profitability, etc. can have a low or a high credit risk. Accountants must have knowledge about these components because these components are essential in identifying an appropriate interest rate for a given company or investor at any given moment. 5. (a) Present value of an ordinary annuity at 8% for 10 periods (Table 6-4). (b) Future value of 1 at 8% for 10 periods (Table 6-1). (c) Present value of 1 at 8% for 10 periods (Table 6-2). (d) Future value of an ordinary annuity at 8% for 10 periods (Table 6-3). Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-7

8 Questions Chapter 6 (Continued) 6. He should choose quarterly compounding, because the balance in the account on which interest will be earned will be increased more frequently, thereby resulting in more interest earned on the investment. As shown in the following calculation: Semiannual compounding, assuming the amount is invested for 2 years: n = 4 \$1,000 X = \$1, i = 4 Quarterly compounding, assuming the amount is invested for 2 years: n = 8 \$1,000 X = \$1, i = 2 Thus, with quarterly compounding, Bill could earn \$1.80 more. 7. \$24, = \$18,000 X (future value of 1 at 2 1 / 2 for 12 periods). 8. \$27, = \$50,000 X (present value of 1 at 6% for 10 periods). 9. An annuity involves (1) periodic payments or receipts, called rents, (2) of the same amount, (3) spread over equal intervals, (4) with interest compounded once each interval. Rents occur at the end of the intervals for ordinary annuities while the rents occur at the beginning of the intervals for annuities due. \$30, Amount paid each year = (present value of an ordinary annuity at 12% for 4 years). Amount paid each year = \$9, \$160, Amount deposited each year = (future value of an ordinary annuity at 10% for 4 years). Amount deposited each year = \$34, \$160, Amount deposited each year = [future value of an annuity due at 10% for 4 years ( X 1.10)]. Amount deposited each year = \$31, The process for computing the future value of an annuity due using the future value of an ordinary annuity interest table is to multiply the corresponding future value of the ordinary annuity by one plus the interest rate. For example, the factor for the future value of an annuity due for 4 years at 12% is equal to the factor for the future value of an ordinary annuity times The basis for converting the present value of an ordinary annuity table to the present value of an annuity due table involves multiplying the present value of an ordinary annuity factor by one plus the interest rate. 6-8 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

9 Questions Chapter 6 (Continued) 15. Present value = present value of an ordinary annuity of \$25,000 for 20 periods at? percent. \$210,000 = present value of an ordinary annuity of \$25,000 for 20 periods at? percent. Present value of an ordinary annuity for 20 periods at? percent = The factor 8.4 is closest to in the 10% column (Table 6-4). \$210,000 \$25,000 = Present value of ordinary annuity at 12% for eight periods Present value of ordinary annuity at 12% for three periods Present value of ordinary annuity at 12% for eight periods, deferred three periods. The present value of the five rents is computed as follows: X \$10,000 = \$25, (a) Present value of an annuity due. (b) Present value of 1. (c) Future value of an annuity due. (d) Future value of \$27,000 = PV of an ordinary annuity of \$6,900 for five periods at? percent. \$27,000 \$6,900 = PV of an ordinary annuity for five periods at? percent = PV of an ordinary annuity for five periods at? = approximately 9%. 19. The IRS argues that the future reserves should be discounted to present value. The result would be smaller reserves and therefore less of a charge to income. As a result, income would be higher and income taxes may therefore be higher as well. Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-9

10 SOLUTIONS TO BRIEF EXERCISES BRIEF EXERCISE 6-1 8% annual interest i = 8% PV = \$15,000 FV =? n = 3 FV = \$15,000 (FVF 3, 8% ) FV = \$15,000 ( ) FV = \$18, % annual interest, compounded semiannually i = 4% PV = \$15,000 FV =? n = 6 FV = \$15,000 (FVF 6, 4% ) FV = \$15,000 ( ) FV = \$18, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

11 BRIEF EXERCISE % annual interest i = 12% PV =? FV = \$25, n = 4 PV = \$25,000 (PVF 4, 12% ) PV = \$25,000 (.63552) PV = \$15,888 12% annual interest, compounded quarterly i = 3% PV =? FV = \$25, n = 16 PV = \$25,000 (PVF 16, 3% ) PV = \$25,000 (.62317) PV = \$15, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-11

12 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-3 i =? PV = \$30,000 FV = \$150, n = 21 FV = PV (FVF 21, i ) PV = FV (PVF 21, i ) OR \$150,000 = \$30,000 (FVF 21, i ) \$30,000 = \$150,000 (PVF 21, i ) FVF 21, i = PVF 21, i = i = 8% i = 8% BRIEF EXERCISE 6-4 i = 5% PV = \$10,000 FV = \$17,100 0? n =? FV = PV (FVF n, 5% ) PV = FV (PVF n, 5% ) OR \$17,100 = \$10,000 (FVF n, 5% ) \$10,000 = \$17,100 (PVF n, 5% ) FVF n, 5% = PVF n, 5% = n = 11 years n = 11 years 6-12 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

13 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-5 First payment today (Annuity Due) i = 12% R = FV AD = \$8,000 \$8,000 \$8,000 \$8,000 \$8,000? n = 20 FV AD = \$8,000 (FVF OA 20, 12% ) 1.12 FV AD = \$8,000 ( ) 1.12 FV AD = \$645, First payment at year-end (Ordinary Annuity) i = 12% FV OA =? \$8,000 \$8,000 \$8,000 \$8,000 \$8, n = 20 FV OA = \$8,000 (FVF OA 20, 12% ) FV OA = \$8,000 ( ) FV OA = \$576, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-13

14 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-6 i = 11% FV OA = R =???? \$250, n = 10 \$250,000 = R (FVF OA 10, 11% ) \$250,000 = R ( ) \$250, = R R = \$14,950 BRIEF EXERCISE % annual interest i = 12% PV =? FV = \$300, n = 5 PV = \$300,000 (PVF 5, 12% ) PV = \$300,000 (.56743) PV = \$170, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

15 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-8 With quarterly compounding, there will be 20 quarterly compounding periods, at 1/4 the interest rate: PV = \$300,000 (PVF 20, 3% ) PV = \$300,000 (.55368) PV = \$166,104 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-9 i = 10% FV OA = R = \$100,000 \$16,380 \$16,380 \$16, n n =? \$100,000 = \$16,380 (FVF OA n, 10% ) \$100,000 FVF OA n, 10% = = ,380 Therefore, n = 5 years Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-15

16 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-10 First withdrawal at year-end i = 8% PV OA = R =? \$30,000 \$30,000 \$30,000 \$30,000 \$30, n = 10 PV OA = \$30,000 (PVF OA 10, 8% ) PV OA = \$30,000 ( ) PV OA = \$201,302 First withdrawal immediately i = 8% PV AD =? R = \$30,000 \$30,000 \$30,000 \$30,000 \$30, n = 10 PV AD = \$30,000 (PVF AD 10, 8% ) PV AD = \$30,000 ( ) PV AD = \$217, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

17 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-11 i =? PV = R = \$ \$75 \$75 \$75 \$75 \$ n = 12 \$ = \$75 (PVF OA 12, i ) \$ PVF 12, i = = \$75 Therefore, i = 2% per month or 24% per year. BRIEF EXERCISE 6-12 i = 8% PV = \$300,000 R =????? n = 20 \$300,000 = R (PVF OA 20, 8% ) \$300,000 = R ( ) R = \$30,556 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-17

18 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-13 i = 12% R = \$30,000 \$30,000 \$30,000 \$30,000 \$30,000 12/31/09 12/31/10 12/31/11 12/31/15 12/31/16 12/31/17 n = 8 FV OA = \$30,000 (FVF OA 8, 12% ) FV OA = \$30,000 ( ) FV OA = \$368,991 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-14 i = 8% PV OA = R =? \$25,000 \$25,000 \$25,000 \$25, n = 4 n = 8 PV OA = \$25,000 (PVF OA 12 4, 8% ) PV OA = \$25,000 (PVF OA 8, 8% )(PVF 4, 8% ) OR PV OA = \$25,000 ( ) PV OA = \$25,000 ( )(.73503) PV OA = \$105,599 PV OA = \$105, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

19 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-15 i = 8% PV =? PV OA = R = \$2,000,000? \$140,000 \$140,000 \$140,000 \$140,000 \$140, n = 10 \$2,000,000 (PVF 10, 8% ) = \$2,000,000 (.46319) = \$ 926,380 \$140,000 (PVF OA 10, 8% ) = \$140,000 ( ) 939,411 \$1,865,791 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-16 PV OA = \$20,000 \$4, \$4, \$4, \$4, \$20,000 = \$4, (PV OA 6, i% ) (PV OA 6, i% ) = \$20,000 \$4, (PV OA 6, i% ) = Therefore, i% = 11 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-19

20 BRIEF EXERCISE 6-17 PV AD = \$20,000 \$? \$? \$? \$? \$20,000 = Payment (PV AD 6, 11% ) \$20,000 (PV AD 6, 11% ) = Payment \$20, = \$4, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

21 SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES EXERCISE 6-1 (5 10 minutes) (a) (b) Rate of Interest Number of Periods 1. a. 9% 9 b. 2% 20 c. 5% a. 9% 25 b. 4% 30 c. 3% 28 EXERCISE 6-2 (5 10 minutes) (a) Simple interest of \$2,400 (\$30,000 X 8%) per year X 8... \$19,200 Principal... 30,000 Total withdrawn... \$49,200 (b) (c) Interest compounded annually Future value of 8% for 8 periods X \$30,000 Total withdrawn... \$55, Interest compounded semiannually Future value of 4% for 16 periods X \$30,000 Total withdrawn... \$56, EXERCISE 6-3 (10 15 minutes) (a) \$9,000 X = \$13, (b) \$9,000 X = \$3, (c) \$9,000 X = \$285, (d) \$9,000 X = \$112, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-21

22 EXERCISE 6-4 (15 20 minutes) (a) (b) (c) (d) Future value of an ordinary annuity of \$5,000 a period for 20 periods at 8% \$228, (\$5,000 X ) Factor (1 +.08) X 1.08 Future value of an annuity due of \$5,000 a period at 8% \$247, Present value of an ordinary annuity of \$2,500 for 30 periods at 10% \$23, (\$2,500 X ) Factor (1 +.10) X 1.10 Present value of annuity due of \$2,500 for 30 periods at 10% \$25, (Or see Table 6-5 which gives \$25,924.03) Future value of an ordinary annuity of \$2,000 a period for 15 periods at 10% \$63, (\$2,000 X ) Factor (1 + 10) X 1.10 Future value of an annuity due of \$2,000 a period for 15 periods at 10% \$69, Present value of an ordinary annuity of \$3,000 for 6 periods at 9% \$13, (\$3,000 X ) Factor (1 +.09) X 1.09 Present value of an annuity due of \$3,000 for 6 periods at 9% \$14, (Or see Table 6-5) EXERCISE 6-5 (10 15 minutes) (a) \$50,000 X = \$248,382. (b) \$50,000 X = \$415,628. (c) (\$50,000 X X.50663) = \$76, or ( ) X \$50,000 = \$76, (difference of \$.13 due to rounding) Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

23 EXERCISE 6-6 (15 20 minutes) (a) Future value of 10% for 10 years (\$12,000 X ) = \$31, (b) Future value of an ordinary annuity of \$620,000 at 10% for 15 years (\$620,000 X ) \$19,698, Deficiency (\$20,000,000 \$19,698,937) \$301, (c) \$75,000 discounted at 8% for 10 years: \$75,000 X = \$34, Accept the bonus of \$40,000 now. (Also, consider whether the 8% is an appropriate discount rate since the president can probably earn compound interest at a higher rate without too much additional risk.) EXERCISE 6-7 (12 17 minutes) (a) \$100,000 X = \$ 31, \$10,000 X = 85, \$117, (b) \$100,000 X = \$ 23, \$10,000 X = 76, \$ 99, The answer should be \$100,000; the above computation is off by 20 due to rounding. (c) \$100,000 X = \$18, \$10,000 X = 68, \$86, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-23

24 EXERCISE 6-8 (10 15 minutes) (a) Present value of an ordinary annuity of 1 for 4 8% Annual withdrawal X \$25,000 Required fund balance on June 30, 2013 \$82, (b) Fund balance at June 30, 2013 \$82, Future value of an ordinary annuity at 8% for 4 years = \$18, Amount of each of four contributions is \$18, EXERCISE 6-9 (5 10 minutes) The rate of interest is determined by dividing the future value by the present value and then finding the factor in the FVF table with n = 2 that approximates that number: \$118,810 = \$100,000 (FVF 2, i% ) \$118,810 \$100,000 = (FVF 2, i% ) = (FVF 2, i% ) reading across the n = 2 row reveals that i = 9%. Note: This problem can also be solved using present value tables. EXERCISE 6-10 (10 15 minutes) (a) (b) The number of interest periods is calculated by first dividing the future value of \$1,000,000 by \$148,644, which is the value \$1.00 would accumulate to at 10% for the unknown number of interest periods. The factor or its approximate is then located in the Future Value of 1 Table by reading down the 10% column to the 20-period line; thus, 20 is the unknown number of years Mark must wait to become a millionaire. The unknown interest rate is calculated by first dividing the future value of \$1,000,000 by the present investment of \$239,392, which is the amount \$1.00 would accumulate to in 15 years at an unknown interest rate. The factor or its approximate is then located in the Future Value of 1 Table by reading across the 15-period line to the 10% column; thus, 10% is the interest rate Elvira must earn on her investment to become a millionaire Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

25 EXERCISE 6-11 (10 15 minutes) (a) (b) Total interest = Total payments Amount owed today \$155,820 (10 X \$15,582) \$100,000 = \$55,820. Amos should borrow from the bank, since the 8% rate is lower than the manufacturer s 9% rate determined below. PV OA 10, i% = \$100,000 \$15,582 = Inspection of the 10 period row reveals a rate of 9%. EXERCISE 6-12 (10 15 minutes) Building A PV = \$610,000. Building B Rent X (PV of annuity due of 25 periods at 12%) = PV \$70,000 X = PV \$614, = PV Building C Rent X (PV of ordinary annuity of 25 periods at 12%) = PV \$6,000 X = PV \$47, = PV Cash purchase price \$650, PV of rental income 47, Net present value \$602, Answer: Lease Building C since the present value of its net cost is the smallest. Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-25

26 EXERCISE 6-13 (15 20 minutes) Time diagram: Messier, Inc. PV =? i = 5% PV OA =? Principal \$3,000,000 interest \$165,000 \$165,000 \$165,000 \$165,000 \$165,000 \$165, n = 30 Formula for the interest payments: PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA = \$165,000 (PVF OA 30, 5% ) PV OA = \$165,000 ( ) PV OA = \$2,536,454 Formula for the principal: PV = FV (PVF n, i ) PV = \$3,000,000 (PVF 30, 5% ) PV = \$3,000,000 ( ) PV = \$694,140 The selling price of the bonds = \$2,536,454 + \$694,140 = \$3,230, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

27 EXERCISE 6-14 (15 20 minutes) Time diagram: i = 8% R = PV OA =? \$800,000 \$800,000 \$800, n = 15 n = 10 Formula: PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA = \$800,000 (PVF OA 25 15, 8% ) PV OA = \$800,000 ( ) PV OA = \$800,000 ( ) PV OA = \$1,692,240 OR Time diagram: i = 8% R = PV OA =? \$800,000 \$800,000 \$800, FV (PV n, i ) (PV OA n, i ) Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-27

28 EXERCISE 6-14 (Continued) (i) Present value of the expected annual pension payments at the end of the 10 th year: PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA = \$800,000 (PVF OA 10, 8% ) PV OA = \$800,000 ( ) PV OA = \$5,368,064 (ii) Present value of the expected annual pension payments at the beginning of the current year: PV = FV (PVF n, i ) PV = \$5,368,064 (PVF 15,8% ) PV = \$5,368,064 ( ) PV = \$1,692,228* *\$12 difference due to rounding. The company s pension obligation (liability) is \$1,692, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

29 EXERCISE 6-15 (15 20 minutes) (a) i = 6% PV = \$1,000,000 FV = \$1,898, n =? FVF( n, 8% ) = \$1,898,000 \$1,000,000 = reading down the 6% column, corresponds to 11 periods. (b) By setting aside \$300,000 now, Lee can gradually build the fund to an amount to establish the foundation. PV = \$300,000 FV =? FV = \$300,000 (FVF 9, 6% ) = \$300,000 ( ) = \$506,844 Thus, the amount needed from the annuity: \$1,898,000 \$506,844 = \$1,391,156. \$? \$? \$? FV = \$1,391, Payments = FV (FV OA 9, 6% ) = \$1,391, = \$121, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-29

30 EXERCISE 6-16 (10 15 minutes) Amount to be repaid on March 1, Time diagram: i = 6% per six months PV = \$90,000 FV =? 3/1/08 3/1/09 3/1/10 3/1/16 3/1/17 3/1/18 n = 20 six-month periods Formula: FV = PV (FVF n, i ) FV = \$90,000 (FVF 20, 6% ) FV = \$90,000 ( ) FV = \$288,643 Amount of annual contribution to debt retirement fund. Time diagram: i = 10% R R R R R FV AD = R =????? \$288,643 3/1/13 3/1/14 3/1/15 3/1/16 3/1/17 3/1/ Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

31 EXERCISE 6-16 (Continued) 1. Future value of ordinary annuity of 1 for 5 periods at 10% Factor (1 +.10)... X Future value of an annuity due of 1 for 5 periods at 10% Periodic rent (\$288, )... \$42,981 EXERCISE 6-17 (10 15 minutes) Time diagram: i = 11% R R R PV OA = \$421,087??? n = 25 Formula: PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) \$421,087 = R (PVF OA 25, 11% ) \$421,087 = R ( ) R = \$421, R = \$50,000 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-31

32 EXERCISE 6-18 (10 15 minutes) Time diagram: i = 8% PV OA =? \$400,000 \$400,000 \$400,000 \$400,000 \$400, n = 15 Formula: PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA = \$400,000 (PVF OA 15, 8% ) PV OA = \$400,000 ( ) R = \$3,423,792 The recommended method of payment would be the 15 annual payments of \$400,000, since the present value of those payments (\$3,423,792) is less than the alternative immediate cash payment of \$3,500, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

34 EXERCISE 6-20 (15 20 minutes) Expected Cash Flow Probability Cash Estimate X Assessment = Flow (a) \$ 4,800 20% \$ 960 6,300 50% 3,150 7,500 30% 2,250 Total Expected Value \$ 6,360 (b) \$ 5,400 30% \$ 1,620 7,200 50% 3,600 8,400 20% 1,680 Total Expected Value \$ 6,900 (c) \$(1,000) 10% \$ 100 3,000 80% 2,400 5,000 10% 500 Total Expected Value \$ 2,800 EXERCISE 6-21 (10 15 minutes) Estimated Cash Probability Expected Outflow X Assessment = Cash Flow \$200 10% \$ % % % 75 X PV Factor, n = 2, i = 6% Present Value \$ 530 X 0.89 \$ Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

35 EXERCISE 6-22 (15 20 minutes) (a) This exercise determines the present value of an ordinary annuity or expected cash flows as an fair value estimate. Cash flow Probability Expected Estimate X Assessment = Cash Flow \$ 380,000 20% \$ 76, ,000 50% 315, ,000 30% 225,000 X PV Factor, n = 8, I = 8% Present Value \$ 616,000 X \$ 3,539,930 The fair value estimate of the trade name exceeds the carrying value; thus, no impairment is recorded. (b) This fair value is based on unobservable inputs Killroy s own data on the expected future cash flows associated with the trade name. This fair value estimate is considered Level 3. Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-35

36 TIME AND PURPOSE OF PROBLEMS Problem 6-1 (Time minutes) Purpose to present an opportunity for the student to determine how to use the present value tables in various situations. Each of the situations presented emphasizes either a present value of 1 or a present value of an ordinary annuity situation. Two of the situations will be more difficult for the student because a noninterest-bearing note and bonds are involved. Problem 6-2 (Time minutes) Purpose to present an opportunity for the student to determine solutions to four present and future value situations. The student is required to determine the number of years over which certain amounts will accumulate, the rate of interest required to accumulate a given amount, and the unknown amount of periodic payments. The problem develops the student s ability to set up present and future value equations and solve for unknown quantities. Problem 6-3 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student with an opportunity to determine the present value of the costs of competing contracts. The student is required to decide which contract to accept. Problem 6-4 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student with an opportunity to determine the present value of two lottery payout alternatives. The student is required to decide which payout option to choose. Problem 6-5 (Time minutes) Purpose to provide the student with an opportunity to determine which of four insurance options results in the largest present value. The student is required to determine the present value of options which include the immediate receipt of cash, an ordinary annuity, an annuity due, and an annuity of changing amounts. The student must also deal with interest compounded quarterly. This problem is a good summary of the application of present value techniques. Problem 6-6 (Time minutes) Purpose to present an opportunity for the student to determine the present value of a series of deferred annuities. The student must deal with both cash inflows and outflows to arrive at a present value of net cash inflows. A good problem to develop the student s ability to manipulate the present value table factors to efficiently solve the problem. Problem 6-7 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student an opportunity to use time value concepts in business situations. Some of the situations are fairly complex and will require the student to think a great deal before answering the question. For example, in one situation a student must discount a note and in another must find the proper interest rate to use in a purchase transaction. Problem 6-8 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student with an opportunity to determine the present value of an ordinary annuity and annuity due for three different cash payment situations. The student must then decide which cash payment plan should be undertaken Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

37 Time and Purpose of Problems (Continued) Problem 6-9 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student with the opportunity to work three different problems related to time value concepts: purchase versus lease, determination of fair value of a note, and appropriateness of taking a cash discount. Problem 6-10 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student with the opportunity to assess whether a company should purchase or lease. The computations for this problem are relatively complicated. Problem 6-11 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student an opportunity to apply present value to retirement funding problems, including deferred annuities. Problem 6-12 (Time minutes) Purpose to provide the student an opportunity to explore the ethical issues inherent in applying time value of money concepts to retirement plan decisions. Problem 6-13 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student an opportunity to compute expected cash flows and then apply present value techniques to determine a warranty liability. Problem 6-14 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student an opportunity to compute expected cash flows and then apply present value techniques to determine the fair value of an asset. Problems 6-15 (Time minutes) Purpose to present the student an opportunity to estimate fair value by computing expected cash flows and then applying present value techniques to value an asset retirement obligation. Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-37

38 SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS PROBLEM 6-1 (a) Given no established value for the building, the fair market value of the note would be estimated to value the building. Time diagram: i = 9% PV =? FV = \$240,000 1/1/10 1/1/11 1/1/12 1/1/13 n = 3 Formula: PV = FV (PVF n, i ) PV = \$240,000 (PVF 3, 9% ) PV = \$240,000 (.77218) PV = \$185, Cash equivalent price of building... \$185, Less: Book value (\$250,000 \$100,000) , Gain on disposal of the building... \$ 35, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

39 PROBLEM 6-1 (Continued) (b) Time diagram: i = 11% Principal \$300,000 Interest PV OA =? \$27,000 \$27,000 \$27,000 \$27,000 1/1/10 1/1/11 1/1/12 1/1/2019 1/1/2020 n = 10 Present value of the principal FV (PVF 10, 11% ) = \$300,000 (.35218)... = \$105, Present value of the interest payments R (PVF OA 10, 11% ) = \$27,000 ( )... = 159, Combined present value (purchase price)... \$264, (c) Time diagram: i = 8% PV OA =? \$4,000 \$4,000 \$4,000 \$4,000 \$4, n = 10 Formula: PV OA = R (PVF OA n,i ) PV OA = \$4,000 (PVF OA 10, 8% ) PV OA = \$4,000 ( ) PV OA = \$26, (cost of machine) Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-39

40 PROBLEM 6-1 (Continued) (d) Time diagram: i = 12% PV OA =? \$20,000 \$5,000 \$5,000 \$5,000 \$5,000 \$5,000 \$5,000 \$5,000 \$5, n = 8 Formula: PV OA = R (PVF OA n,i ) PV OA = \$5,000 (PVF OA 8, 12% ) PV OA = \$5,000 ( ) PV OA = \$24, Cost of tractor = \$20,000 + \$24, = \$44, (e) Time diagram: i = 11% PV OA =? \$120,000 \$120,000 \$120,000 \$120, n = 9 Formula: PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA = \$120,000 (PVF OA 9, 11% ) PV OA = \$120,000 ( ) PV OA = \$664, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

41 PROBLEM 6-2 (a) Time diagram: i = 8% FV OA = \$90,000 R R R R R R R R R =???????? n = 8 Formula: FV OA = R (FVF OA n,i ) \$90,000 = R (FVF OA 8, 8% ) \$90,000 = R ( ) R = \$90, R = \$8, (b) Time diagram: i = 12% FV AD = R R R R 500,000 R =???? n = 25 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-41

42 PROBLEM 6-2 (Continued) 1. Future value of an ordinary annuity of 1 for 25 periods at 12% Factor (1 +.12) Future value of an annuity due of 1 for 25 periods at 12% Periodic rent (\$500, )... \$3, (c) Time diagram: i = 9% PV = \$20,000 FV = \$47, n Future value approach Present value approach FV = PV (FVF n, i ) PV = FV (PVF n, i ) or \$47,347 = \$20,000 (FVF n, 9% ) \$20,000 = \$47,347 (PVF n, 9% ) = \$47,347 \$20,000 = \$20,000 \$47,347 FVF n, 9% = PVF n, 9% = is approximately the value of \$1 invested at 9% for 10 years is approximately the present value of \$1 discounted at 9% for 10 years Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

43 PROBLEM 6-2 (Continued) (d) Time diagram: i =? PV = FV = \$19,553 \$27, n = 4 Future value approach Present value approach FV = PV (FVF n, i ) PV = FV (PVF n, i ) or \$27,600 = \$19,553 (FVF 4, i ) \$19,553 = \$27,600 (PVF 4, i ) = \$27,600 \$19,553 = \$19,553 \$27,600 FVF 4, i PVF 4, i = = is the value of \$1 invested at 9% for 4 years is the present value of \$1 discounted at 9% for 4 years. Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-43

44 PROBLEM 6-3 Time diagram (Bid A): i = 9% \$69,000 PV OA = R =? 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 69,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3, n = 9 Present value of initial cost 12,000 X \$5.75 = \$69,000 (incurred today)... \$ 69, Present value of maintenance cost (years 1 4) 12,000 X \$.25 = \$3,000 R (PVF OA 4, 9% ) = \$3,000 ( )... 9, Present value of resurfacing FV (PVF 5, 9% ) = \$69,000 (.64993)... 44, Present value of maintenance cost (years 6 9) R (PVF OA 9 5, 9% ) = \$3,000 ( )... 6, Present value of outflows for Bid A... \$129, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

45 PROBLEM 6-3 (Continued) Time diagram (Bid B): i = 9% \$126,000 PV OA = R =? 1,080 1,080 1,080 1,080 1,080 1,080 1,080 1,080 1, n = 9 Present value of initial cost 12,000 X \$10.50 = \$126,000 (incurred today)... \$126, Present value of maintenance cost 12,000 X \$.09 = \$1,080 R (PV OA 9, 9% ) = \$1,080 ( )... 6, Present value of outflows for Bid B... \$132, Bid A should be accepted since its present value is lower. Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-45

46 PROBLEM 6-4 Lump sum alternative: Present Value = \$500,000 X (1.46) = \$270,000. Annuity alternative: Payments = \$36,000 X (1.25) = \$27,000. Present Value = Payments (PV AD 20, 8% ) = \$27,000 ( ) = \$286, Long should choose the annuity payout; its present value is \$16, greater Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

47 PROBLEM 6-5 (a) The present value of \$55,000 cash paid today is \$55,000. (b) Time diagram: i = 2 1 / 2 % per quarter PV OA = R =? \$4,000 \$4,000 \$4,000 \$4,000 \$4, n = 20 quarters Formula: PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA = \$4,000 (PVF OA 20, 21/2% ) PV OA = \$4,000 ( ) PV OA = \$62, (c) Time diagram: i = 2 1 / 2 % per quarter \$18,000 PV AD = R = \$1,800 \$1,800 \$1,800 \$1,800 \$1, n = 40 quarters Formula: PV AD = R (PVF AD n, i ) PV AD = \$1,800 (PVF AD 40, 21/2% ) PV AD = \$1,800 ( ) PV AD = \$46, The present value of option (c) is \$18,000 + \$46,314.61, or \$64, Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-47

48 PROBLEM 6-5 (Continued) (d) Time diagram: i = 2 1 / 2 % per quarter PV OA = R =? \$1,500 \$1,500 \$1,500 \$1,500 PV OA = R =? \$4,000 \$4,000 \$4, n = 12 quarters n = 25 quarters Formulas: PV OA = R (PVF OA n,i ) PV OA = R (PVF OA n,i ) PV OA = \$4,000 (PVF OA 12, 21/2% ) PV OA = \$1,500 (PVF OA 37 12, 21/2% ) PV OA = \$4,000 ( ) PV OA = \$1,500 ( ) PV OA = \$41, PV OA = \$20, The present value of option (d) is \$41, \$20,549.34, or \$61, Present values: (a) \$55,000. (b) \$62, (c) \$64, (d) \$61, Option (c) is the best option, based upon present values alone Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only)

49 Time diagram: i = 12% PV OA =? R = (\$39,000) (\$39,000) \$18,000 \$18,000 \$68,000 \$68,000 \$68,000 \$68,000 \$38,000 \$38,000 \$38, n = 5 n = 5 n = 20 n = 10 (0 \$30,000 \$9,000) (\$60,000 \$30,000 \$12,000) (\$110,000 \$30,000 \$12,000) (\$80,000 \$30,000 \$12,000) Formulas: PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA = R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA =R (PVF OA n, i ) PV OA = (\$39,000)(PVF OA 5, 12% ) PV OA = \$18,000 (PVF OA 10-5, 12% ) PV OA = \$68,000 (PVF OA 30 10, 12% ) PV OA = \$38,000 (PVF OA 40 30, 12% ) PV OA = (\$39,000)( ) PV OA = \$18,000 ( ) PV OA = \$68,000 ( ) PV OA = \$38,000 ( ) PV OA = (\$140,586.42) PV OA = \$18,000 ( ) PV OA = \$68,000 ( ) PV OA = \$38,000 (.18860) PV OA = \$36, PV OA = \$163, PV OA = \$7, Present value of future net cash inflows: \$(140,586.42) 36, , , \$ 66, Stacy McGill should accept no less than \$66, for her vineyard business. PROBLEM 6-6 Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kieso, Intermediate Accounting, 13/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-49

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