In the Armpit of Russia - What Proximity of the Russian Border Means to South- East Finland?

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1 In the Armpit of Russia - What Proximity of the Russian Border Means to South- East Finland? Pasi Nurkka

2 GDP per capita (current US$) Index (1989=100) FIN RUS

3 Population, Income, Living conditions, Number of cars and Consumption expenditure Finland St. Petersburg Moscow Population 5,4 mil. 4,85 mil. 11,51 mil. Average income (2010)* Floor area per person (2009) Number of cars per 1000 persons (2009) Consumption expenditure** 39 m 2 24 m 2 20 m *Disposable income per person per month ** Per per person per month (Finland: 2006, Russia: 2009)

4 % of companies Do you have business or are you planning to start up business abroad? Finnish Construction Companies in % Russia Estonia Other Baltic Countries Sweden Norway Other Countries 45 % 40 % 35 % 30 % 25 % 20 % 15 % 10 % 5 % 0 % 1-10 eployees employees >50 employees Size of company 2009

5 How much these matters restrict starting business in Russia? Companies which don t have business in Russia (2003) 0 % 20 % 40 % 60 % 80 % 100 % Crime and insecurity 68 % 18 % 14 % Corruption 68 % 18 % 14 % Reliability issues with Russian partners 61 % 28 % 12 % Money supply difficulties 57 % 25 % 17 % Limited knowledge of the market 53 % 30 % 18 % Instability of Russian economy 47 % 45 % 8 % Difficulties with language 47 % 30 % 23 % Customs clearance and certification problems 44 % 31 % 25 % Taxation Issues in Russia 41 % 32 % 27 % Difficult to find skilled personell in Russia 33 % 39 % 29 % Difficulties to find a suitable export oriented sub-chains 32 % 44 % 24 % big disadvantage disadvantage to some extent no disadvantage 2003

6 How much these matters restrict business in Russia? Companies which have some export to Russia (2003) 0 % 20 % 40 % 60 % 80 % 100 % Customs clearance and certification problems 40 % 43 % 17 % Corruption 35 % 49 % 16 % Reliability issues with Russian partners 34 % 54 % 12 % Crime and insecurity 31 % 45 % 24 % Money supply difficulties 29 % 43 % 28 % Difficult to find skilled personell in Russia 25 % 44 % 32 % Difficulties with language 23 % 44 % 33 % Instability of Russian economy 22 % 64 % 14 % Taxation Issues in Russia 21 % 40 % 39 % Limited knowledge of the market 16 % 50 % 35 % Difficulties to find a suitable export oriented sub-chains 13 % 48 % 39 % big disadvantage disadvantage to some extent no disadvantage 2003

7 How much these matters restrict business in Russia? Companies which have business in Russia (2005) Reliability issues with Russian partners 21 % 38 % 42 % Difficulties to find a suitable export oriented sub-chains 17 % 46 % 38 % Corruption 13 % 33 % 54 % Customs clearance and certification problems 8 % 58 % 33 % Difficult to find skilled personell in Russia 8 % 46 % 42 % Money supply difficulties 8 % 25 % 67 % Difficulties with language 4 % 50 % 46 % Taxation Issues in Russia 4 % 50 % 46 % Instability of Russian economy 4 % 42 % 54 % Crime and insecurity 4 % 21 % 75 % Limited knowledge of the market 33 % 67 % 0 % 20 % 40 % 60 % 80 % 100 % big disadvantage disadvantage to some extent no disadvantage 2005

8 Southkarelian Companies which have Export to Russia or Import from Russia (2010) Companies which have export or import to / from Russia 302 companies (4 % of all companies in South-Karelia) Raw materials and manufacturing 22% (66 companies) Transportation 11% (34 companies) Other services14% (42 companies) Trade, accommondation and catering services 47% (143 companies) Construction 5% (16 companies) 2010

9 100 % 90 % Russian Customers Share of Turnover by Industry 2010 Lappeenranta Imatra 80 % 70 % 60 % 50 % 40 % 30 % 20 % 10 % 0 % Trade Accommondation Other industries All industries 2010

10 9 000 Turnover of Retail Trade / Capita Lappeenranta Finland *

11 Turnover of Car Parts Trade / Capita Lappeenranta Finland *

12 Turnover of Textile and Clothing Trade / Capita Lappeenranta Finland *

13 Nights / capita 4,0 Nights Russians Have Spent in Hotels / Capita 3,5 Imatra 3,0 2,5 2,0 1,5 1,0 Finland 0,5 0,

14 % of companies Russian Language in Companies in Eastern Finland 100 % 90 % 80 % 70 % Russian-speaking personel Need russian-speaking personell 60 % 50 % 40 % 54 % 47 % 30 % 20 % 10 % 9 % 23 % 12 % 16 % 19 % 24 % 25 % 21 % 0 % raw materials, manufacturing and construction trade services to individuals business services public organisations 2008

15 The Need of Russian Language Skill in Different Tasks Number of companies operative level selling, marketing, etc. management consultant, specialist, etc. other basics restricted fluent excellent mother language 2008

16 The Most Important Language Skills in Your Company (English Excluded) most important also important 0 % 10 % 20 % 30 % 40 % 50 % 60 % 70 % 80 % 90 % 100 % Russia 41 % 34 % Swedish 25 % 24 % German 17 % 43 % French 5 % 19 % Spanish 2 % 8 % Other 1 % 3 % 2008

17 17 Language Skills among Russian Tourists January % 10 % 20 % 30 % 40 % 50 % 60 % 70 % 80 % 90 % 100 % Finnish 72 % 22 % 6 % 0,5 % English 18 % 29 % 40 % 12 % 1 % German 61 % 28 % 8 % 2 % cannot limited good exellent mother language 2010

18 18 Citizenship of Foreign Berry Pickers Savo 2009 Ukrainian 23,2 % Russian 72,8 % Latvian 1,2 % Estonian 0,4 % Belarusian 2,4 % 2009

19 19 student teacher builder seller veterinarian welder driver accountant nanny tractor driver travel organizer radio technician cook nurse agricultural worker locksmith bartender engineer contractor guard cashier machine fitter other Profession of Foreign Berry Pickers 0 % 5 % 10 % 15 % 20 % 25 % 30 % 35 % 40 % current profession former profession 2009

20 20 Would you be ready to immigrate to Finland if you got a permanent job? Foreign Berry Pickers yes 57 % no 18 % don't know 25 % 2009

21 South Karelia Kymenlaakso Uusimaa North Karelia Päijät-Häme Kainuu Varsinais-Suomi Etelä-Savo Pirkanmaa Central Finland Pohjois-Savo Satakunta Kanta-Häme Lapland Ostrobothnia Åland North Ostrobothnia South Ostrobothnia Central Ostrobothnia 21 Russian-Speaking Population in Provinces 2,50 % 2,3 % ,25 % 2,00 % 2,1 % Russia (% of population) Russia (number of persons) ,75 % 1,6 % ,50 % 1,25 % 1,4 % 1,3 % ,00 % 0,75 % 0,9 % 0,9 % 0,8 % ,50 % 0,25 % ,7 % 0,6 % 0,6 % 0,5 % 0,4 % 0,4 % 0,4 % 0,4 % 0,3 % 0,3 % 0,3 % ,00 %

22 22 Why haven t you hired immigrants? Companies of South-Karelia % 90 % 80 % 70 % 60 % Stronly agree Partly agree 50 % 40 % Can not say 30 % 20 % Partly disagree 10 % Strongly disagree Among them can not be found experts we needed They don't uderstand rules of working life Lack of work ethic Lack of professional skills Lack of language skills 0 %

23 1000 trips Trips of Russians to Some Countries China Turkey Egypt Finland Estonia Germany

24 24 Passport and Traveling to Foreign Countries St. Petersburg in 2010 Do you have a passport? Have you been in a foreign contry in a year? yes; 32 % no; 55 % yes 45 % no; 14 % 2010

25 25 Travelling Abroad in the Past Year % of Citizens of St. Petersburg 0 % 10 % 20 % 30 % 40 % 50 % 60 % 70 % 80 % 90 % 100 % Finland Other neigbourhood countries Other Nordic coutries Other European countries Turkey Egypt Thailand 2010

26 26 Where would you like to travel? - Citizens of St. Petersburg Italy France Finland England United States Germany Spain Egypt Greece Turkey India Japan China Australia Czech Norway Thailand Israel Ukraine (Europe) Sweden USA Netherlands Tunisia Bulgaria Belarus Cuba Switzerland Cyprus Poland Brazil Mexico 2010 Number of answers

27 27 How many times have you visited in Finland - Residents of St. Petersburg 1-2 times 10 % 3-10 times 6 % have not visited 79 % > 10 times 5 % 2010

28 28 Place of Residence (number of trips) 100 % 90 % 80 % 70 % 60 % Other regions Vyborg region 50 % 40 % 30 % 20 % 10 % St. Petersburg region Moscow region 0 % Other regions Vyborg region St. Petersburg region Moscow region

29 29 How Often in Finland 100 % at least once a week 1-4 times / month 90 % 80 % 70 % 60 % seldom 50 % 40 % haven't been before 30 % 20 % 10 % 0 % at least once a week times / month seldom haven't been before

30 Purpose of the Trip to Finland business shopping holiday transit visiting friends "extra person" other purpose extra person = to allow more shopping to be done within the customs limits

31 31 Russians Product Purchases in Finland groceries 0 % 10 % 20 % 30 % 40 % 50 % 60 % 70 % 80 % 90 % 100 % cosmetics clothes footwear gold, jewelry, watches electronics cell phones & accessories home appliance kitchenware home textiles sport textiles & equipment building materials tools car parts / maintenance cars furniture year 04 year 06 year 08 year 10

32 An Example of Difference in Price Piece of Clothing in a Shop of Hennes & Mauriz in Russia and in Finland ,5 9,5 9,0 16,9 Price difference between Finland and Russia Tax discount Price to be paid ,5 Tax-free shopping (discount 9 ~ 10 %) 73,5 'Invoice' shopping (discount 23 %) 2009

33 33 Reason for Shopping in Finland (2008) 1 0,9 0,8 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,2 Quality / safe products Low price Other 0,

34 Russian travelers in South-Eastern Finland in 2010 Trips 2010 Number of overnight visitors 2010 Russians number of visitors in hotels in cottages in own housese in friends home in other place South Karelia Kymenlaakso South-Savo

35 Usage of Money in South-Eastern Finland in Russian Tourists Money spent 2010 mil. Services 2010 mil. Shoppings 2010 mil. South-Karelia 259,2 49,8 209,4 Kymenlaakso 47,2 9,0 38,2 South-Savo 25,7 13,0 12,7

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