If you have type 1 diabetes, you will probably get symptoms quite suddenly, over a few days or weeks.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "If you have type 1 diabetes, you will probably get symptoms quite suddenly, over a few days or weeks."

Transcription

1 Patient information from the BMJ Group Diabetes type 1 Type 1 diabetes is a long-term condition. It can lead to serious health problems. But making changes to your lifestyle and taking insulin can help you live a long and healthy life. We ve looked at the best and most up-to-date research to produce this information. You can use it to talk to your doctor and decide which treatments are right for you. What is it? If you have diabetes, you have too much glucose in your blood. Glucose is a kind of sugar that your body uses for energy. But if it builds up in your blood, it can make you ill. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. This information is for people with type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes usually starts when you are a teenager. Everyone needs a hormone called insulin to keep their blood glucose at a healthy level. But when you have type 1 diabetes, your body stops making insulin or makes very little of it. This kind of diabetes used to be called insulin-dependent diabetes, because it can be controlled by taking insulin. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. This means that the cells in your immune system, which normally fight germs, attack some of your own cells by mistake. In type 1 diabetes, your immune system attacks the cells that make insulin. Doctors don't know why this happens. It may be triggered by viruses, or by your genes, but no one knows for certain. What are the symptoms? If you have type 1 diabetes, you will probably get symptoms quite suddenly, over a few days or weeks. These are some of the symptoms of diabetes: Needing to urinate more often Feeling very thirsty Feeling very hungry or tired Losing weight without trying. Your cells can't use the glucose in your blood without insulin. So, they start to burn up fat instead. page 1 of 4

2 If you have symptoms of diabetes, it s important to see a doctor. Your doctor will do a test to see how much glucose (sugar) is in your blood. You will also need hospital tests to see how your body reacts to glucose. What treatments work? There isn't a cure for type 1 diabetes. But treatment can help you stay healthy by keeping the amount of glucose in your blood close to normal.you will need to take insulin, probably several times a day. And you will need to check your blood glucose levels regularly, to make sure they don t get too high or too low. Insulin Insulin is a hormone that keeps the amount of glucose in your blood steady. If you have type 1 diabetes, you'll probably need to start taking insulin as soon as you get diagnosed. The insulin you take for diabetes is made in a laboratory. It is designed to be as much like natural human insulin as possible. It works in the same way to keep your blood sugar under control. You can't take insulin as a tablet, because the digestive juices in your stomach would destroy the insulin. It s usually taken as an injection. You might worry about the idea of giving yourself an injection. But there are special devices made for people with diabetes. These devices make injecting insulin much easier. And the needles are very thin. So it shouldn t hurt and you will probably find you soon get used to it. The type of insulin you take will depend on how your body responds to insulin. Your doctor or diabetes nurse will help you work out which type of insulin is best for you, and work out a dosing schedule that suits you. It might take some time to get your dosing schedule to fit well with how you live. Different people need different schedules. The amount of insulin you need changes according to how much you eat and how much exercise you take. Some people manage their blood sugar by having an insulin injection just before they eat, and then another injection of long-acting insulin at night. You adjust your dose of insulin if you plan to eat, or exercise, more or less than usual. How much insulin you need also changes if you have an infection, you're stressed or your body is having hormone changes from puberty or pregnancy. You will need to be extra careful during these times. Your doctor or diabetes nurse can help. The biggest challenge is getting a good balance between your insulin dose and your eating and activity. If you take too much insulin, you could get hypoglycaemia. This happens because your blood glucose drops too low. If you don't take enough insulin, your blood glucose goes too high. Then you get hyperglycaemia. Both of these things can be medical emergencies. You need to check your blood glucose regularly to avoid this happening. page 2 of 4

3 Some people go on very strict treatment programmes to keep their blood sugar as close to normal as possible, all the time. This is called intensive treatment. It s different to the standard treatment, which is a more relaxed approach. Intensive treatment may help you avoid health problems (complications) caused by diabetes - for example, problems with your heart and kidneys. But the risk is that you might have more episodes of very low blood glucose (hypoglycaemia), which can be dangerous. Your doctor can teach you how to keep your glucose under strict control. For example, it may involve testing your blood at least four times a day, taking insulin three times a day or more (or using an insulin pump), calling your clinic often to adjust your insulin dose, watching what you eat, and exercising regularly. An insulin pump is a device that gives your body a constant supply of insulin.the pump looks a bit like a pager. It's about the same size and shape as a pack of cards. You can put the pump in your pocket or you can hang it from your belt. You need to keep it with you all the time. Inside the pump is a store of insulin. It is pumped out through a long tube and into your body through a special kind of needle that stays in your skin. You might not like the idea of having something attached to you all the time. But most people get used to it. And you can disconnect it for short periods (for example, while you're having a shower, going swimming, getting dressed, or having sex). Using an insulin pump can help you control the level of glucose in your blood better than having injections and you may also feel happier with life if you don t have to give yourself injections. But it does have some disadvantages. If the tubing comes off the needle, you might stop getting insulin without realising, which can be serious. The needle can also cause infections. Education about diabetes Learning about type 1 diabetes is likely to help you control your diabetes and make you feel better about your life. This is especially true if you are a child or teenager. Learning about diabetes in an educational programme teaches you how to handle your diabetes and how to be healthier. There are lots of different types of programmes. Some take place at summer camps. An educational programme for teenagers and young adults can include a variety of topics and activities. You might learn about: Checking your blood glucose and why it's important Injecting insulin correctly Solving problems Improving social skills page 3 of 4

4 Improving communication skills. You might also have counselling about coping with diabetes, either on your own or with your family. Ask your doctors which education programmes are available for you. What will happen to me? If you have type 1 diabetes, you should be able to lead a normal life. You'll need to: Take insulin regularly Watch what you eat Exercise regularly Check your blood glucose level throughout the day. You should be able to take part in all your normal activities. But you must inform the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) about your diabetes, and if you get a complication that could affect your driving, such as a problem with your eyes. If you don't, your driving licence and car insurance may no longer be valid. When you've had diabetes for a long time, you're likely to get some extra health problems. Your eyes, kidneys, feet and heart are the parts of your body most likely to be affected. This happens because the extra sugar in your blood can damage your blood vessels. Doctors call these problems complications. Not everyone with diabetes gets complications. Some people have diabetes for 40 or 50 years without getting complications. If you carefully control your blood glucose level, you are more likely to stay healthy. The closer your blood glucose is to normal, the less likely you are to get complications. You should always be on the lookout for signs of hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia. If your blood glucose level shoots up very high or drops very low, see your doctor or go to hospital straight away. Where to get more help Diabetes UK is a registered charity that provides support and advice to people with diabetes and their families. You can call their helpline on or see the website ( This information is aimed at a UK patient audience. This information however does not replace medical advice. If you have a medical problem please see your doctor. Please see our full Conditions of Use for this content. These leaflets are reviewed annually. page 4 of 4

5 Diabetes type 1 Last published: Sep 16, 2015 page 5 of 4

Diabetes. Supporting Disabled Members in the Workplace. This short factsheet has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with diabetes.

Diabetes. Supporting Disabled Members in the Workplace. This short factsheet has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with diabetes. Supporting Disabled Members in the Workplace Diabetes This short factsheet has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with diabetes. Someone with diabetes may be entitled to the protection

More information

Learn about Diabetes. Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. You can learn how to take care of your diabetes.

Learn about Diabetes. Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. You can learn how to take care of your diabetes. Learn about Diabetes You can learn how to take care of your diabetes and prevent some of the serious problems diabetes can cause. The more you know, the better you can manage your diabetes. Share this

More information

This information explains the advice about type 2 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG28.

This information explains the advice about type 2 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG28. Information for the public Published: 2 December 2015 nice.org.uk About this information NICE guidelines provide advice on the care and support that should be offered to people who use health and care

More information

Diabetes, type 1. Patient information from the BMJ Group. Diabetes, type 1. What is type 1 diabetes?

Diabetes, type 1. Patient information from the BMJ Group. Diabetes, type 1. What is type 1 diabetes? Patient information from the BMJ Group Diabetes, type 1 In this section What is it? What are the symptoms? How is it diagnosed? How common is it? What treatments work? What will happen? Questions to ask

More information

Insulin pump therapy aiming for better blood glucose control in people with type 1 diabetes

Insulin pump therapy aiming for better blood glucose control in people with type 1 diabetes Insulin pump therapy aiming for better blood glucose control in people with type 1 diabetes The Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust insulin pump service is provided by a multidisciplinary team consisting

More information

Why do I need to take insulin?

Why do I need to take insulin? Why do I need to take insulin? Staying in control www.withyoualltheway.info At Novo Nordisk, we are changing diabetes. In our approach to developing treatments, in our commitment to operate profitably

More information

Understanding Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes Understanding Diabetes What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition where there is too much glucose (a type of sugar) in your blood. Your blood glucose level is regulated with the help of insulin, a hormone

More information

Type 2 diabetes Definition

Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Causes Diabetes

More information

Starting insulin treatment for people with type 2 diabetes. What you need to know

Starting insulin treatment for people with type 2 diabetes. What you need to know Starting insulin treatment for people with type 2 diabetes What you need to know Contents Information 3 Any questions? 3 Glossary of terms 3 Why do I need insulin? 4 What does insulin do? 5 Why are there

More information

Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes. What is Diabetes? Diabetes during Pregnancy Very Thirsty Very Tired

Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes. What is Diabetes? Diabetes during Pregnancy Very Thirsty Very Tired FCD2-006 BINGO GAME To Prepare bingo game:!copy Picture Cards with pictures on one side and corresponding words on the other.!cut Bingo Cards apart, duplicate if you have more than ten players.!cut apart

More information

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES INTRODUCTION Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the United States, and diabetes is a disease that affects the way the body handles blood sugar. Approximately

More information

Type 2 Diabetes. What is diabetes? Understanding blood glucose and insulin. What is Type 2 diabetes? Page 1 of 5

Type 2 Diabetes. What is diabetes? Understanding blood glucose and insulin. What is Type 2 diabetes? Page 1 of 5 Page 1 of 5 Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes occurs mainly in people aged over 40. The 'first-line' treatment is diet, weight control and physical activity. If the blood glucose level remains high despite

More information

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related Myth: Only medication can control my diabetes. Reality: Lifestyle changes such as good nutrition, increased physical activity, weight loss and limiting alcohol/cigarette consumption can have a positive

More information

What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body.

What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body. What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, a form of sugar. We

More information

To help stay on schedule, keep your own written record of when you get the tests and exams. Include your goals and test results.

To help stay on schedule, keep your own written record of when you get the tests and exams. Include your goals and test results. Oregon Diabetes Resource Bank Handouts to help people with diabetes 1 KNOW which tests, exams, and other care you should be getting. According to national standards for quality care for diabetes, there

More information

Starting insulin for people with type 2 diabetes

Starting insulin for people with type 2 diabetes Starting insulin for people with type 2 diabetes What you need to know Contents Page Why do I need insulin? 3 What does insulin do? 4 Why are there different types of insulin? 4 How do I take insulin?

More information

See, Think, and Act! Diabetes

See, Think, and Act! Diabetes See, Think, and Act! Diabetes California After School Resource Center (CASRC) Administered for the California Department of Education (C.D.E.) Hello. My name is Joan Edelstein. I am a health trainer for

More information

High Blood Sugar. Printable Materials

High Blood Sugar. Printable Materials Printable Materials Activity Card #1 Symptoms of High Blood Sugar or Pre-Diabetes Symptoms People often don t know they have high blood sugar or pre-diabetes. There are no symptoms and pre-diabetes can

More information

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Causes, incidence, and risk factors Causes, incidence, and risk factors Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. To understand diabetes,

More information

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. Diabetes Definition Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. Causes Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused

More information

It can be devastating to be diagnosed with a cancer like multiple myeloma. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better.

It can be devastating to be diagnosed with a cancer like multiple myeloma. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better. Patient information from the BMJ Group It can be devastating to be diagnosed with a cancer like multiple myeloma. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better. What is multiple

More information

Ovarian cancer. Patient information from the BMJ Group. What is ovarian cancer? What are the symptoms?

Ovarian cancer. Patient information from the BMJ Group. What is ovarian cancer? What are the symptoms? Patient information from the BMJ Group Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer is a serious disease. If it s diagnosed at an early stage, ovarian cancer can usually be cured. But even cancers that are more advanced

More information

Markham Stouffville Hospital

Markham Stouffville Hospital Markham Stouffville Hospital Adult Diabetes Education Frequently Asked Questions What is diabetes? Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. Most of the food we eat is turned

More information

Diabetes Education Information for Teachers and School staff

Diabetes Education Information for Teachers and School staff Diabetes Education Information for Teachers and School staff The information below is intended to educate school staff on the basics of diabetes care. If you have a student in your classroom or you will

More information

Type 2 Diabetes: How Is It Treated?

Type 2 Diabetes: How Is It Treated? TeensHealth.org A safe, private place to get doctor-approved information on health, emotions, and life. Type 2 Diabetes: How Is It Treated? Has your teacher ever assigned you a huge paper or project due

More information

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 What is type 1 diabetes mellitus? Type 1 diabetes is a disorder that happens when your body produces little or no insulin. The lack of insulin causes the level of sugar in your

More information

Welcome to Diabetes Education! Why Should I Take Control of My Diabetes?

Welcome to Diabetes Education! Why Should I Take Control of My Diabetes? Welcome to Diabetes Education! Why Should I Take Control of My Diabetes? NEEDS and BENEFITS of SELF-MANAGEMENT You make choices about your life and health Controlling diabetes needs every day decisions

More information

Methods for Delivering Insulin and Monitoring Blood Sugar. A Review of the Research for Children, Teens, and Adults With Diabetes

Methods for Delivering Insulin and Monitoring Blood Sugar. A Review of the Research for Children, Teens, and Adults With Diabetes Methods for Delivering Insulin and Monitoring Blood Sugar A Review of the Research for Children, Teens, and Adults With Diabetes Is This Information Right for Me? Yes, if: Your doctor* has told you that

More information

Background (cont) World Health Organisation (WHO) and IDF predict that this number will increase to more than 1,3 million in the next 25 years.

Background (cont) World Health Organisation (WHO) and IDF predict that this number will increase to more than 1,3 million in the next 25 years. Diabetes Overview Background What is diabetes Non-modifiable risk factors Modifiable risk factors Common symptoms of diabetes Early diagnosis and management of diabetes Non-medical management of diabetes

More information

what is diabetes? What actually goes wrong? Talking diabetes No.42

what is diabetes? What actually goes wrong? Talking diabetes No.42 Talking diabetes No.42 what is diabetes? Diabetes is the name given to a group of different conditions in which there is too much glucose in the blood. The pancreas either cannot make insulin or the insulin

More information

Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE

Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health

More information

If diabetes is not treated it can cause long-term health problems because the high glucose levels in the blood damage the blood vessels.

If diabetes is not treated it can cause long-term health problems because the high glucose levels in the blood damage the blood vessels. INFORMATION FOR PEOPLE WITH DIABETES Diabetes Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition caused by too much glucose (sugar) in your blood. Your blood sugar level can be too high if your body does not make

More information

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes?

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes? Diabetes What you need to know Diabetes Facts More than 3 million Canadians have diabetes (Canadian Diabetes Association, 2009). It is the 4th leading cause of death in the world (CDA, 2009). Patient Education

More information

This information explains the advice about type 1 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG17.

This information explains the advice about type 1 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG17. Information for the public Published: 26 August 2015 nice.org.uk About this information NICE guidelines provide advice on the care and support that should be offered to people who use health and care services.

More information

Understanding Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes Understanding Diabetes Diabetes is a disease in which a person s blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high. When you eat, some of the food is broken down into a type of sugar called glucose, which is the

More information

Gestational Diabetes. A Guide to Insulin in Pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes. A Guide to Insulin in Pregnancy Gestational Diabetes A Guide to Insulin in Pregnancy Why do I need insulin? It is important for your baby that your blood glucose stays below 5.5 mmols before breakfast and below 7 two hours after meals

More information

The facts about... Alcohol and diabetes. Five key things you need to know

The facts about... Alcohol and diabetes. Five key things you need to know The facts about... Alcohol and diabetes Five key things you need to know Diabetes affects around 2.9 million people in the UK. It s likely there are another 850,000 people who have the condition, but aren

More information

The pancreas (Refer to Chapter 2)

The pancreas (Refer to Chapter 2) The pancreas (Refer to Chapter 2) In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. To understand diabetes; and in particular Type 1 diabetes, you must first of all understand how insulin works. What

More information

Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants

Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants Release Date October 1, 2003 Revised December 2006 Revised March 2012 Getting A New Pancreas Facts About Pancreas Transplants American Society of Transplantation 1120 Route 73, Suite 200 Mount Laurel,

More information

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes The Family Library Understanding Diabetes What is Diabetes? Diabetes is caused when the body has a problem in making or using insulin. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas and is needed for the

More information

written by Harvard Medical School Insulin Therapy Managing Your Diabetes www.patientedu.org

written by Harvard Medical School Insulin Therapy Managing Your Diabetes www.patientedu.org written by Harvard Medical School Insulin Therapy Managing Your Diabetes www.patientedu.org What Is Insulin? The cells of your body need energy and one source of energy is sugar in your blood. Insulin

More information

Where World-Class Expertise and Genuine Compassion Come Together. AT THE FOREFRONT OF TRANSPLANT CARE Kidney Combined Kidney-Pancreas Pancreas Islets

Where World-Class Expertise and Genuine Compassion Come Together. AT THE FOREFRONT OF TRANSPLANT CARE Kidney Combined Kidney-Pancreas Pancreas Islets Where World-Class Expertise and Genuine Compassion Come Together 0011000110100111100110111100000101010011000101100010111000010010000100010000100001011110101010101111000 000010111000101110011000110100111100110111100000101010011000101100010111000010010000100010000100

More information

Menopause: should I take HRT?

Menopause: should I take HRT? Patient information from the BMJ Group Menopause: should I take HRT? The menopause is when your periods stop for good. It isn't an illness. It's a normal part of every woman's life. But sometimes it causes

More information

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes Gestational Diabetes What is it? How do we treat it? A Gestational Diabetes Information Booklet Supported by Gestational diabetes is having too much glucose (sugar) in your blood when you re pregnant.

More information

Getting the Big Picture

Getting the Big Picture About Diabetes This health information is being provided for general educational purposes only. Your health care provider is the single best source of information regarding your health. Please consult

More information

DIABETIC EDUCATION MODULE ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TREATMENT AND SAFETY

DIABETIC EDUCATION MODULE ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TREATMENT AND SAFETY DIABETIC EDUCATION MODULE ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TREATMENT AND SAFETY First Edition September 17, 1997 Kevin King R.N., B.S., C.C.R.N. Gregg Kunder R.N., B.S.N., C.C.T.C. 77-120 CHS UCLA Medical Center

More information

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Other Noninfectious Diseases Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Diabetes Diabetes- a chronic disease that affects the way body cells convert food into energy. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death by disease

More information

What is DIABETES? Gwen Hall Diabetes Specialist Nurse, Community Diabetes Services Portsmouth, Primary Care Team.

What is DIABETES? Gwen Hall Diabetes Specialist Nurse, Community Diabetes Services Portsmouth, Primary Care Team. What is DIABETES? By: Gwen Hall Diabetes Specialist Nurse, Community Diabetes Services Portsmouth, Primary Care Team. WHAT IS DIABETES? What is diabetes? In simple terms diabetes prevents your body converting

More information

Get Primed on Pumps: A beginners guide to Insulin Pump Therapy

Get Primed on Pumps: A beginners guide to Insulin Pump Therapy Get Primed on Pumps: A beginners guide to Insulin Pump Therapy Advantages of insulin pump therapy There are many advantages to using an insulin pump. Anyone can do it with the right training and support.

More information

Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Pennington Nutrition Series Healthier lives through education in nutrition and preventive medicine Pub No. 33 Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. In this form, the body does not produce enough

More information

what is diabetes? Talking diabetes No.42

what is diabetes? Talking diabetes No.42 Talking diabetes No.42 what is diabetes? Revised 2012 Diabetes is the name given to a group of different conditions in which there is too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. The pancreas either cannot make

More information

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

What is Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 Diabetes What is Type 2 Diabetes? Diabetes is a condition where there is too much glucose in the blood. Our pancreas produces a hormone called insulin. Insulin works to regulate our blood glucose

More information

Diabetes means you have too much sugar in

Diabetes means you have too much sugar in WHAT IS DIABETES? Diabetes means you have too much sugar in your blood. The medical word for sugar in the blood or blood sugar is glucose, but most people just say sugar. Your body changes most of the

More information

Chapter 2 What Is Diabetes?

Chapter 2 What Is Diabetes? Chapter 2 What Is Diabetes? TYPE 1 (INSULIN-DEPENDENT) DIABETES Type 1 (also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [IDDM] or juvenile or childhood) diabetes is the most common type found in children

More information

Lung cancer (non-small-cell)

Lung cancer (non-small-cell) Patient information from the BMJ Group Lung cancer (non-small-cell) It can be devastating to find out that you or someone close to you has lung cancer. You will have to make some important decisions about

More information

Diabetes The Basics. What is Diabetes? How does sugar get into your cells? Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes. Why control Diabetes?

Diabetes The Basics. What is Diabetes? How does sugar get into your cells? Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes. Why control Diabetes? Diabetes The Basics What is Diabetes? Diabetes is when there is too much sugar in your blood. Sugar from food you eat and drink stays in your blood instead of going into the cells in your body. The cells

More information

Department Of Biochemistry. Subject: Diabetes Mellitus. Supervisor: Dr.Hazim Allawi & Dr.Omar Akram Prepared by : Shahad Ismael. 2 nd stage.

Department Of Biochemistry. Subject: Diabetes Mellitus. Supervisor: Dr.Hazim Allawi & Dr.Omar Akram Prepared by : Shahad Ismael. 2 nd stage. Department Of Biochemistry Subject: Diabetes Mellitus Supervisor: Dr.Hazim Allawi & Dr.Omar Akram Prepared by : Shahad Ismael. 2 nd stage. Diabetes mellitus : Type 1 & Type 2 What is diabestes mellitus?

More information

Diabetes and stroke. What is diabetes? What are the symptoms of diabetes? Stroke Helpline: 0303 3033 100 Website: stroke.org.uk

Diabetes and stroke. What is diabetes? What are the symptoms of diabetes? Stroke Helpline: 0303 3033 100 Website: stroke.org.uk Stroke Helpline: 0303 3033 100 Website: stroke.org.uk Diabetes and stroke Diabetes is a condition caused by too much sugar in your blood. There are over three million people in the UK who have diabetes.

More information

About one-half of all smokers die of a disease caused by smoking.the most common ones are lung cancer, heart disease, and strokes

About one-half of all smokers die of a disease caused by smoking.the most common ones are lung cancer, heart disease, and strokes Patient information from the BMJ Group Stopping smoking Smoking harms your health, but it's difficult to stop. That s because most people who smoke have become addicted to nicotine, a chemical in tobacco.

More information

Diabetes FAQs. What is Diabetes? What is insulin?

Diabetes FAQs. What is Diabetes? What is insulin? Diabetes FAQs What is Diabetes? What is insulin? My doctor said I have pre-diabetes or I am borderline diabetic. Do I need to worry? What is hemoglobin A1c? What is the difference between type 1 and type

More information

Myths About Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin

Myths About Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin About Diabetes This health information is being provided for general educational purposes only. Your health care provider is the single best source of information regarding your health. Please consult

More information

4 Steps to Control Your Diabetes for Life

4 Steps to Control Your Diabetes for Life 4 Steps to Control Your Diabetes for Life Contents Step 1: Learn about diabetes... 6 Step 2: Know your diabetes ABCs... 12 Step 3: Manage your diabetes... 16 Step 4: Get routine care... 22 Notes... 26

More information

X-Plain Hypoglycemia Reference Summary

X-Plain Hypoglycemia Reference Summary X-Plain Hypoglycemia Reference Summary Introduction Hypoglycemia is a condition that causes blood sugar level to drop dangerously low. It mostly shows up in diabetic patients who take insulin. When recognized

More information

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic Kidney Disease Introduction Chronic kidney disease, also known as CKD, is the gradual loss of kidney function. When CKD reaches an advanced stage, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes

More information

Diabetes and Professional Drivers

Diabetes and Professional Drivers Road Transport Commercial, Logistics & Retail Distribution Sector Briefing Diabetes and Professional Drivers August 2014 1 Diabetes and Professional Drivers March 2012 Published by Unite the union General

More information

Feeling Better, Living Healthier With Diabetes

Feeling Better, Living Healthier With Diabetes Feeling Better, Living Healthier With Diabetes A guide for self management 761 S. Nelson Ave. Wilmington, Ohio 45177 (937) 382-9307 www.cmhregional.com What is Diabetes? Those who have diabetes are often

More information

Introduction. We hope this guide will aide you and your staff in creating a safe and supportive environment for your students challenged by diabetes.

Introduction. We hope this guide will aide you and your staff in creating a safe and supportive environment for your students challenged by diabetes. Introduction Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the body s ability to metabolize food. The body converts much of the food we eat into glucose, the body s main source of energy. Glucose is carried

More information

Starting Insulin Injections

Starting Insulin Injections Starting Insulin Injections A Gestational Diabetes Information Booklet Supported by What does insulin do? insulin Insulin is made by your pancreas. pancreas Insulin is released into the blood when you

More information

Self-care guide for people with diabetes

Self-care guide for people with diabetes Self-care guide for people with diabetes English Version Supported by an unrestricted grant from 1 When the diagnosis is diabetes..................03 What is diabetes?............................04 What

More information

N E B R A S K A JAIL BULLETIN NUMBER 102 OCTOBER 1993

N E B R A S K A JAIL BULLETIN NUMBER 102 OCTOBER 1993 N E B R A S K A JAIL BULLETIN NUMBER 102 OCTOBER 1993 The Jail Bulletin is a monthly feature of the Crime Commission Update. The Bulletin may be used as a supplement to your jail in-service training program

More information

DIABETES A chronic, debilitating and often deadly disease A global epidemic Diabetes in Africa

DIABETES A chronic, debilitating and often deadly disease A global epidemic Diabetes in Africa DIABETES A chronic, debilitating and often deadly disease Diabetes is a chronic condition that arises when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin

More information

Type 2 diabetes in adults: controlling your blood glucose by taking a second medicine what are your options?

Type 2 diabetes in adults: controlling your blood glucose by taking a second medicine what are your options? Patient decision aid Type 2 diabetes in adults: controlling your blood glucose by taking a second medicine what are your options? nice.org.uk/guidance/ng28 Published: December 2015 About this decision

More information

My life with Type 2-diabetes. English

My life with Type 2-diabetes. English My life with Type 2-diabetes English 1 What is type 2 diabetes Diabetes is a disease where you have increased sugar content in the blood. If you have type 2-diabetes, you lack the ability of exploiting

More information

TYPE 2 DIABETES IN THE AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY. Understanding the Complications That May Happen Without Proper Care

TYPE 2 DIABETES IN THE AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY. Understanding the Complications That May Happen Without Proper Care TYPE 2 DIABETES IN THE AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY Understanding the Complications That May Happen Without Proper Care STAYING HEALTHY THE IMPORTANCE OF PROPER MANAGEMENT OF TYPE 2 DIABETES Diabetes is

More information

UNDERSTANDING BLOOD SUGAR

UNDERSTANDING BLOOD SUGAR UNDERSTANDING BLOOD SUGAR The best way to stay healthy with diabetes is to control the level of sugar in your blood. The medical word for sugar in the blood or blood sugar is glucose. Your goal is to keep

More information

Fertility problems: some reasons

Fertility problems: some reasons Patient information from the BMJ Group Fertility problems: some reasons Definitions of fertility problems vary in different countries. But couples are usually diagnosed as having fertility problems if

More information

ADHD: what treatments work?

ADHD: what treatments work? Patient information from the BMJ Group ADHD: what treatments work? Caring for a child who has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can put a strain on you and your family. If your child has

More information

A patient guide to the use of insulin for diabetes

A patient guide to the use of insulin for diabetes A patient guide to the use of insulin for diabetes Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

Insulin Dependent Diabetes Trust

Insulin Dependent Diabetes Trust Insulin Dependent Diabetes Trust Type 2 and You Issue 4 - July 2010 Registered Company Number 3148360 Registered Charity No 1058284 Welcome to the fourth issue of Type 2 and You. In this issue we look

More information

WHAT CAN I DO TO REDUCE MY RISK OF DEVELOPING THE COMPLICATIONS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES?

WHAT CAN I DO TO REDUCE MY RISK OF DEVELOPING THE COMPLICATIONS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES? Christian In better control with his pump since 2012 WHAT CAN I DO TO REDUCE MY RISK OF DEVELOPING THE COMPLICATIONS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES? Many people with Type 1 diabetes worry about potential long-term

More information

Lows and highs: blood elucose levels

Lows and highs: blood elucose levels Lows and highs: Canadian Diabetes CPG Clinical Practice Guidelines blood elucose levels What is low blood glucose? When the amount of blood glucose (sugar in your blood) has dropped below your target range

More information

A list of all medications you are taking also include any vitamins, supplements, over-the-counter medicines, or herbal products

A list of all medications you are taking also include any vitamins, supplements, over-the-counter medicines, or herbal products This is your customized insulin discussion guide to bring to your next doctor s visit. WHAT TO BRING TO YOUR NEXT CHECK UP A record of your recent blood sugar readings A list of all medications you are

More information

Injectable Insulin During Pregnancy

Injectable Insulin During Pregnancy Injectable Insulin During Pregnancy What is insulin? Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. The pancreas is a small organ that lies behind and below the stomach. Insulin allows the food you eat to

More information

InDependent Diabetes Trust

InDependent Diabetes Trust InDependent Diabetes Trust Carbohydrates Updated January 2013 Registered Company Number 3148360 Registered Charity No 1058284 Contents What are carbohydrates? How does the body convert carbohydrates we

More information

Treating Hodgkin s Lymphoma A Quick Guide

Treating Hodgkin s Lymphoma A Quick Guide Treating Hodgkin s Lymphoma A Quick Guide Contents This is a brief summary of the information on Treating Hodgkin s lymphoma from CancerHelp UK. You will find more detailed information on the website.

More information

Ever wish you could... Quit using heroin? Protect yourself from HIV infection? Get healthier?

Ever wish you could... Quit using heroin? Protect yourself from HIV infection? Get healthier? Ever wish you could... Quit using heroin? Protect yourself from HIV infection? Get healthier? Good News: Medical treatments called opioid (oh-pee-oyd) maintenance can help you! Injecting heroin puts you

More information

Soren Lilleore lives in Denmark and has Type 1 diabetes

Soren Lilleore lives in Denmark and has Type 1 diabetes Soren Lilleore lives in Denmark and has Type 1 diabetes Novo Nordisk was one of the first companies to introduce insulin to the world more than 80 years ago. Since that time Novo Nordisk has been dedicated

More information

isophane human insulin (prb) A Guide to Starting Humulin I

isophane human insulin (prb) A Guide to Starting Humulin I isophane human insulin (prb) A Guide to Starting Humulin I This leaflet is intended only for those individuals who have been prescribed Humulin I. It is intended to be used in addition to the Patient Information

More information

My Doctor Says I Need to Take Diabetes Pills and Insulin... What Do I Do Now? BD Getting Started. Combination Therapy

My Doctor Says I Need to Take Diabetes Pills and Insulin... What Do I Do Now? BD Getting Started. Combination Therapy My Doctor Says I Need to Take Diabetes Pills and Insulin... What Do I Do Now? BD Getting Started Combination Therapy How Can Combination Therapy Help My Type 2 Diabetes? When you have type 2 diabetes,

More information

X-Plain Diabetes - Introduction Reference Summary

X-Plain Diabetes - Introduction Reference Summary X-Plain Diabetes - Introduction Reference Summary Introduction Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of Americans every year. Your doctor may have informed you that you have diabetes. Although there

More information

Published: Summer 2013. Margaret Stevens was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes nearly three decades ago.

Published: Summer 2013. Margaret Stevens was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes nearly three decades ago. 1 of 5 1/9/2014 9:22 AM Published: Summer 2013 Margaret Stevens was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes nearly three decades ago. A Type 2 diabetic, Margaret Stevens has lost over 100 pounds and has her glucose

More information

ENGLISH. Sore throats and rheumatic fever

ENGLISH. Sore throats and rheumatic fever ENGLISH Sore throats and rheumatic fever This guide is information for families, whanau, parents, aiga and caregivers about rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is a serious illness in our communities. It

More information

Diabetes and Your Kidneys

Diabetes and Your Kidneys American Kidney Fund reaching out giving hope improving lives Diabetes and Your Kidneys reaching out giving hope improving lives Diabetes: The #1 Cause of Kidney Failure Your doctor told you that you have

More information

Type 1 diabetes Definition

Type 1 diabetes Definition Type 1 diabetes Definition Type 1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to properly control blood sugar levels. Causes There are several

More information

Package Leaflet: Information for the user

Package Leaflet: Information for the user Package Leaflet: Information for the user Actrapid 100 IU/ml solution for injection in vial Insulin human (rdna) Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using your insulin Keep this leaflet.

More information

Preconception Advice for Women with Type 1 and 2 Diabetes

Preconception Advice for Women with Type 1 and 2 Diabetes Preconception Advice for Women with Type 1 and 2 Diabetes Women s Health Page 12 Patient Information Further Information We endeavour to provide an excellent service at all times, but should you have any

More information

INJEX Self Study Program Part 1

INJEX Self Study Program Part 1 INJEX Self Study Program Part 1 What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism -- the way our bodies use digested

More information

BLOOD KETONE TESTING

BLOOD KETONE TESTING BLOOD KETONE TESTING Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 5 What are ketones? Maintaining good blood glucose control is important. When there is not enough insulin in the body, or when

More information

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 What Is It? Diabetes is a common disorder. It s marked by high blood sugar. Insulin controls how much sugar stays in your blood. The pancreas makes the hormone insulin. People

More information

Hyperglycemia. This reference summary helps you better understand hyperglycemia. It discusses symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention.

Hyperglycemia. This reference summary helps you better understand hyperglycemia. It discusses symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention. Hyperglycemia Introduction Hyperglycemia is high blood sugar. Several factors can cause hyperglycemia in people with diabetes. People who do not have diabetes may develop hyperglycemia during a severe

More information