SMC7908A-ISP VoIP ADSL Router SMC7908A-ISP

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1 SMC7908A-ISP VoIP ADSL Router SMC7908A-ISP

2 COMPLIANCES EC Conformance Declaration This device can be operated in the EU without restrictions indoor. However, operated outdoors in France is restricted to 2400 ~ 2454 MHz (Channel 1 ~ 7). i

3 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Introduction About the Router Features and Benefits Applications Installation Package Contents System Requirements Wall Mounting Hardware Description LED Indicators ISP Settings Connect the System Connect the ADSL Line Attach to Your Network Using Ethernet Cabling Connect the Power Adapter Configuring Client PC TCP/IP Configuration Windows Disable HTTP Proxy Obtain IP Settings from Your Router Windows XP Disable HTTP Proxy Obtain IP Settings From Your Router Windows Vista Disable HTTP Proxy Obtain IP Settings From Your Router Configuring Your Macintosh Computer Disable HTTP Proxy ii

4 TABLE OF CONTENTS 4 Configuring the VoIP ADSL Router Navigating the Management Interface Setup Wizard Advanced Setup System WAN LAN Wireless NAT Firewall ADSL IPTV VoIP USB Tools Status Finding the MAC address of a Network Card Windows Windows XP/Vista Macintosh Linux A B C Troubleshooting A-1 Cables B-1 Ethernet Cable B-1 Specifications B-1 Wiring Conventions B-1 RJ-45 Port Connection B-2 Pin Assignments B-3 Specifications C-1 iii

5 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your purchase of the VoIP ADSL Router, hereafter referred to as the Router. We are proud to provide you with a powerful yet simple communication device for connecting your local area network (LAN) to the Internet. For those who want to surf the Internet in the most secure way, this router provides a convenient and powerful solution. The Router also enables service providers to provide their residential and small office home office (SOHO) customers with high-quality VoIP service using traditional analog telephones and fax machines. About the Router The Router provides Internet access to multiple users by sharing a single-user account. Support is provided for both wired and wireless devices. This device also provides wireless security via Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP), Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) and WPA2 encryption, and MAC address filtering. It is simple to configure and can be up and running in minutes. 1-1

6 INTRODUCTION Features and Benefits Intergrated ADSL modem for connecting to ADSL line Local network connection via four 10/100 Mbps Ethernet ports On-board IEEE b/g wireless access point DHCP for dynamic IP configuration, and DNS Proxy/Relay for domain name mapping Firewall with Stateful Packet Inspection, client privileges, intrusion detection and NAT NAT also enables multi-user Internet access via a single user account, and virtual server functionality (providing protected access to Internet services such as web, FTP, and Telnet) User-definable application sensing tunnel supports applications requiring multiple connections Easy setup through a web browser on any operating system that supports TCP/IP QoS allows you to optimize voice quality by prioritizing VoIP over data traffic 1-2

7 APPLICATIONS Applications Many advanced networking features are provided by the Router: Wireless and Wired LAN The Router provides connectivity to 10/100 Mbps devices, and wireless IEEE b/g compatible devices, making it easy to create a network in small offices or homes. Internet Access This device supports Internet access through an ADSL connection. Since many DSL providers use PPPoE or PPPoA to establish communications with end users, the Router includes built-in clients for these protocols, eliminating the need to install these services on your computer. Shared IP Address The Router provides Internet access for up to 253 users via a single shared IP address. Using only one ISP account, multiple users on your network can access the Internet at the same time. Virtual Server If you have a fixed IP address, you can set the Router to act as a virtual host for network address translation. Remote users access various services at your site using a constant IP address. Then, depending on the requested service (or port number), the Router can route the request to the appropriate server (at another internal IP address). This secures your network from direct attack by hackers, and provides more flexible management by allowing you to change internal IP addresses without affecting outside access to your network. 1-3

8 INTRODUCTION DMZ Host Support Allows a networked computer to be fully exposed to the Internet. This function is used when NAT and firewall security prevent an Internet application from functioning correctly. Security The Router supports security features that deny Internet access to specified users, or filter all requests for specific services that the administrator does not want to serve. The Router s firewall also blocks common hacker attacks, including IP Spoofing, Land Attack, Ping of Death, IP with zero length, Smurf Attack, UDP port loopback, Snork Attack, TCP null scan, and TCP SYN flooding. Internet Calling You can make telephone calls using the Internet. 1-4

9 CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION Before installing the VoIP ADSL Router, verify that you have all the items listed under the Package Contents list. If any of the items are missing or damaged, contact your local distributor. Also be sure that you have all the necessary cabling before installing the Router. After installing the Router, refer to Configuring the VoIP ADSL Router on page 4-1. Package Contents After unpacking the package, check the contents of the box to be sure you have received the following components: One VoIP ADSL Router One power adapter One CAT-5 Ethernet cables (RJ-45) One RJ-11 cable One splitter Two microfilters One documentation CD Immediately inform your dealer in the event of any incorrect, missing, or damaged parts. If possible, please retain the carton and original packing materials in case there is a need to return the product. 2-1

10 INSTALLATION System Requirements To install and connect to the Router, you must have: An ADSL line installed by your ISP. An ADSL splitter (at least one). A computer with a CD-ROM drive for accessing documentation CD. Windows 2000 or later, or Mac OS 9.x or later. An up to date web browser: Internet Explorer 5.5 or later, or Mozilla 1.7/Firefox 1.0 or later. Wall Mounting Make sure you choose a central location away from potential sources of interference like microwave ovens and cordless phones. There are four slots on the base of the unit that will allow you to mount the device in four different positions. You will need two screws of less than 5 mm in diameter. Drill two holes into the wall and insert your two screws 140 mm or 44 mm apart, depending on the direction in which you wish to hang the Router. Leave 3 mm of each head exposed and push the device onto the screws until it sits snugly. Congratulations! The wall mount installation of the Router is complete. 2-2

11 HARDWARE DESCRIPTION Hardware Description The Router contains an integrated ADSL2+ modem and connects to the Internet or to a remote site using its WAN port. This device can be connected directly to your PC or to a local area network using any of the four Fast Ethernet LAN ports. Access speed to the Internet depends on your service type. Full-rate ADSL provides up to 8 Mbps downstream and 1 Mbps upstream. G.lite (or splitterless) ADSL provides up to 1.5 Mbps downstream and 512 kbps upstream. ADSL2+ provides up to 24 Mbps downstream and 1.2 Mbps upstream. However, you should note that the actual rate provided by specific service providers may vary dramatically from these upper limits. Data passing between devices connected to your local area network can run at up to 100 Mbps over the Fast Ethernet ports and 54 Mbps over the built-in wireless network adapter. The Router includes an LED display on the top panel for system power and port indications that simplifies installation and network troubleshooting. The Router has a WLAN On/Off button on the front panel, press this button to turn on/turn off the wireless function. Figure 2-1. Front Panel WLAN On/ Off 2-3

12 INSTALLATION The Router contains the following ports on the rear panel: Figure 2-2. Rear Panel Item DSL Port Description Connect your ADSL line to this port. 4 LAN Ports Fast Ethernet ports (RJ-45). Connect devices on your local area network to these ports (i.e., a PC, hub, or switch). USB Power Power On/Off Switch Reset Button Phone1 and Phone2 Connect your USB storage device or printer to this port. Connect the included power adapter to this inlet. Warning: Using the wrong type of power adapter may damage the Router. Use this switch to turn on/off the power. Use this button to reset the Router and restore the default factory settings. To reset without losing configuration settings, see Reboot on page FXS ports for VoIP function. 2-4

13 HARDWARE DESCRIPTION LED Indicators The power and port LED indicators on the top panel are illustrated in the following figure and table. Figure 2-3. Top View LED Status Description Power Green Normal operation. LAN1 to LAN4 Red Off Purple On Flashing Off POST (Power On Self Test) failure. Power off. Device is under Firmware Auto Upgrade. Ethernet connection is established. The indicated LAN port is transmitting data. There is no LAN connection on the port. 2-5

14 INSTALLATION LED Status Description WLAN Flashing The WLAN port is sending or receiving data. Off WLAN disabled. DSL On For PPPoA or PPPoE connections this LED will be on when PPP authentication is successful. Off Slow Blink Fast Blink PPP authentication failed or your connection is not using PPPoA or PPPoE. When the Router detects network clock and start DSL negotiation. When the Router is in its final stage of link negotiation. Internet On ADSL connection is functioning correctly. Flashing Off The Router is establishing an ADSL link. ADSL connection is not established. VoIP On Your VoIP account registration was completed successfully. Phone1/ Phone2 Flashing Off On Flashing Off Your VoIP account registration failed. The Router does not have any registration information for an Internet telephony provider. The phone is OFF-Hook, i.e., call in progress. Incoming call. No call in progress. USB On USB device is connected to this port and USB function is enabled through management interface. Off No connection. 2-6

15 ISP SETTINGS ISP Settings Please collect the following information from your ISP before setting up the Router: ISP account user name and password VoIP account information Protocol, encapsulation and VPI/VCI circuit numbers DNS server address IP address, subnet mask and default gateway (for fixed IP users only) Connect the System The Router can be positioned at any convenient location in your office or home. It can also be wall-mounted. See Wall Mounting on page 2-2. No special wiring or cooling requirements are needed. You should, however, comply with the following guidelines: Keep the Router away from any heating devices. Do not place the Router in a dusty or wet environment. You should also remember to turn off the power, remove the power cord from the outlet, and keep your hands dry when you install the Router. 2-7

16 INSTALLATION Connect the ADSL Line Connect the supplied grey ADSL cable from the port labelled DSL on the splitter to the DSL port on your Router. When inserting the plug, be sure the tab on the plug clicks into position to ensure that it is properly seated. Attach to Your Network Using Ethernet Cabling The four LAN ports on the Router auto-negotiate the connection speed to 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps, as well as the transmission mode to half duplex or full duplex. Use RJ-45 cables to connect any of the four LAN ports on the Router to an Ethernet adapter on your PC. Otherwise, cascade any of the LAN ports on the Router to an Ethernet hub or switch, and then connect your PC or other network equipment to the hub or switch. When inserting an RJ-45 connector, be sure the tab on the connector clicks into position to ensure that it is properly seated. Warning: Do not plug a phone jack connector into an RJ-45 port. This may damage the Router. Note: Use 100-ohm shielded or unshielded twisted-pair cable with RJ-45 connectors for all Ethernet ports. Category 5 cable is recommended. Make sure each twisted-pair cable length does not exceed 100 meters (328 feet). 2-8

17 CONNECT THE SYSTEM Connect the Power Adapter Plug the power adapter into the power socket on the rear of the Router, and the other end into a power outlet. Check the power indicator on the front panel is lit. If the power indicator is not lit, refer to Troubleshooting on page A-1. In case of a power input failure, the Router will automatically restart and begin to operate once the input power is restored. 2-9

18 CHAPTER 3 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC After completing the hardware setup by connecting all your network devices, you need to configure your computer to connect to the Router. See: Windows 2000 on page 3-3 Windows XP on page 3-6 Windows Vista on page 3-8 or Configuring Your Macintosh Computer on page 3-14 depending on your operating system. 3-1

19 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC TCP/IP Configuration To access the Internet through the Router, you must configure the network settings of the computers in your LAN to use the same IP subnet as the Router. The default IP settings for the Router are: IP address: Subnet mask: Note: These settings can be changed to fit your network requirements, but you must first configure at least one computer to access the Router s web configuration interface in order to make the required changes. (See Configuring the VoIP ADSL Router on page 4-1 for instruction on configuring the Router.) 3-2

20 WINDOWS 2000 Windows On the Windows desktop, click Start/Settings/Network and Dial-Up Connections. 2. Click the icon that corresponds to the connection to your Router. 3. The connection status screen will open. Click Properties. 4. Double-click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). 5. If Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically are already selected, your computer is already configured for DHCP. If not, select this option. 3-3

21 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC Disable HTTP Proxy You need to verify that the HTTP Proxy feature of your web browser is disabled. This is so that your browser can view the Router s HTML configuration pages. See page 3-6 for details. Obtain IP Settings from Your Router Now that you have configured your computer to connect to your Router, it needs to obtain new network settings. By releasing old DHCP IP settings and renewing them with settings from your Router, you can verify that you have configured your computer correctly. 1. On the Windows desktop, click Start/Programs/ Accessories/ Command Prompt. 2. In the Command Prompt window, type ipconfig/release and press the Enter key. 3-4

22 WINDOWS In the Command Prompt window, type ipconfig/renew and press the Enter key. Verify that your IP Address is now xxx, your Subnet Mask is and your Default Gateway is These values confirm that your ADSL Router is functioning. 4. Type exit and press the Enter key to close the Command Prompt window. Your computer is now configured to connect to the Router. 3-5

23 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC Windows XP 1. On the Windows desktop, click Start/Control Panel. 2. In the Control Panel window, click Network and Internet Connections. 3. The Network Connections window will open. Double-click the connection for this device. 4. On the connection status screen, click Properties. 5. Double-click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). 6. If Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically are already selected, your computer is already configured for DHCP. If not, select this option. Disable HTTP Proxy You need to verify that the HTTP Proxy feature of your web browser is disabled. This is so that your browser can view the Router s HTML configuration pages. Follow these steps to disable the HTTP proxy: Open your web browser, go to Tools, Internet Options. Select the Connections tab, click LAN Setting. Make sure the checkbox for Use a proxy server for your LAN is not checked. 3-6

24 WINDOWS XP Obtain IP Settings From Your Router Now that you have configured your computer to connect to your Router, it needs to obtain new network settings. By releasing old DHCP IP settings and renewing them with settings from your Router, you can verify that you have configured your computer correctly. 1. On the Windows desktop, click Start/Programs/Accessories/ Command Prompt. 2. In the Command Prompt window, type ipconfig/release and press the Enter key. 3. Type ipconfig/renew and press the Enter key. Verify that your IP Address is now xxx, your Subnet Mask is and your Default Gateway is These values confirm that your ADSL router is functioning. 4. Close the Command Prompt window. Your computer is now configured to connect to the Router. 3-7

25 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC Windows Vista 1. On the Windows desktop, click Start/Connet To. 2. The Connect to a network window will open. Click Open Network and Sharing Center. 3-8

26 WINDOWS VISTA 3. Click Manage network connections on the left menu bar of the screen. 3-9

27 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC 4. The LAN or High-Speed Internet window will open. Double-click the connection for this device. 5. On the connection status screen, click Properties. 3-10

28 WINDOWS VISTA 6. Double-click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). 3-11

29 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC 7. If Obtain an IPv6 address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically are already selected, your computer is already configured for DHCP. If not, select the options. Disable HTTP Proxy You need to verify that the HTTP Proxy feature of your web browser is disabled. This is so that your browser can view the Router s HTML configuration pages. Follow these steps to disable the HTTP proxy: Open your web browser, go to Tools, Internet Options. Select the Connections tab, click LAN Setting. Make sure the checkbox for Use a proxy server for your LAN is not checked. 3-12

30 WINDOWS VISTA Obtain IP Settings From Your Router Now that you have configured your computer to connect to your Router, it needs to obtain new network settings. By releasing old DHCP IP settings and renewing them with settings from your Router, you can verify that you have configured your computer correctly. 1. On the Windows desktop, click Start/All Programs/ Accessories/Command Prompt. 2. In the Command Prompt window, type ipconfig/release and press the Enter key. 3. Type ipconfig/renew and press the Enter key. Verify that your IP Address is now xxx, your Subnet Mask is and your Default Gateway is These values confirm that your ADSL router is functioning. 4. Close the Command Prompt window. Your computer is now configured to connect to the Router. 3-13

31 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC Configuring Your Macintosh Computer You may find that the instructions here do not exactly match your operating system. This is because these steps and screenshots were created using Mac OS Mac OS 7.x and above are similar, but may not be identical to Mac OS Follow these instructions: 1. Pull down the Apple Menu. Click System Preferences. 2. Double-click the Network icon in the Systems Preferences window. 3-14

32 CONFIGURING YOUR MACINTOSH COMPUTER 3. If Using DHCP Server is already selected in the Configure field, your computer is already configured for DHCP. If not, select this option. 4. Your new settings are shown on the TCP/IP tab. Verify that your IP Address is now xxx, your Subnet Mask is and your Router is These values confirm that your Router is functioning. 5. Close the Network window. Now your computer is configured to connect to the Router. Disable HTTP Proxy You need to verify that the HTTP Proxy feature of your web browser is disabled. This is so that your browser can view the Router s HTML configuration pages. The following steps are for Internet Explorer. Internet Explorer 1. Open Internet Explorer and click the Stop button. Click Explorer/Preferences. 2. In the Internet Explorer Preferences window, under Network, select Proxies. 3-15

33 CONFIGURING CLIENT PC 3. Uncheck all check boxes and click OK. 3-16

34 CHAPTER 4 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER After you have configured TCP/IP on a client computer, you can configure the VoIP ADSL Router using your web browser. To access the Router s management interface, enter the default IP address of the Router in your web browser: Enter the default password: admin, and click Login. Note: Passwords can contain from 3~12 alphanumeric characters and are case sensitive. 4-1

35 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Navigating the Management Interface The management interface contains two main sections: Setup Wizard (see next page) Advanced Setup (see page 4-8) Making Configuration Changes for the device: configurable parameters have a dialog box or a drop-down list. Once a configuration change has been made, click the Apply or Save Settings or Next button to enable the new setting. Note: To ensure proper screen refresh after a command entry, be sure that Internet Explorer 5.5 is configured as follows: Under the menu Tools/Internet Options/General/Temporary Internet Files/Settings, the setting for Check for newer versions of stored pages should be Every visit to the page. 4-2

36 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Setup Wizard On the left-hand side of the Home screen, the first menu item is Setup Wizard. Use this function to quickly set up the Router. Click on Setup Wizard, you will see the Parameters setting screen. Parameters Setting In Parameter Setting, select the Internet Service Provider (ISP). MER 8/32 (MAC Encapsulated Routing): using 1483 Bridging (DHCP) mode Ya.com PPPoE 8/32: using VPI/VCI 8/32 PPPoE provided by Yacom ISP Orange PPPoE 8/35: using VPI/VCI 8/35 PPPoE provided by Orange ISP This will automatically configure the Router with the correct Protocol, Encapsulation and VPI/VCI settings for your ISP. Enter the user name and password, then click Next. MER 8/32 4-3

37 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Parameter Protocol DNS Server VPI/VCI Encapsulation Description 1483 Bridging (DHCP). Domain Name Servers are used to map a domain name (e.g., to the equivalent numerical IP address. Your ISP should provide the IP address of a Domain Name Server. Enter the IP address here. Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit Identifier (VCI) used by your ISP. Select the encapsulation type used by your ISP from the drop-down list. Ya.com PPPoE 8/32 Orange PPPoE 8/35 Enter the PPPoE settings provided by your ISP. 4-4

38 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Parameter Protocol VPI/VCI Encapsulation Username Password Confirm Password Description PPPoE. Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit Identifier (VCI) used by your ISP. Select the encapsulation type used by your ISP from the drop-down list. Enter the user name here. Enter the password here. Confirm Password. 4-5

39 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Confirm The Confirm screen shows a summary of the configuration parameters. Check all the parameters are correct on this screen. Parameter ADSL Operation Mode (WAN) ATM Protocol VPI/VCI AAL5 Encapsulation ISP Parameters Username Password Description The WAN protocol of your ISP. If you are unsure about the selected protocol, check with your ISP. Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit Identifier (VCI). If you are unsure the VPI/VCI values are correct check with your ISP. Shows the packet encapsulation type. If you are unsure the selected Encapsulation is correct check with your ISP. Go to page 4-21 for a detailed description. The ISP assigned user name. The password (hidden). 4-6

40 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Parameter DHCP Parameters Function Default Gateway Subnet Mask Name Server 1 Name Server 2 Start IP Address Number of IP Description Shows if DHCP is enabled or disabled. WAN gateway (only displayed if you have static IP). WAN subnet mask (only displayed if you have static IP). WAN IP address (only displayed if you have static IP). WAN IP address (only displayed if you have static IP). Specify the start IP address of the DHCP pool. Do not include the gateway address of the Router in the client address pool. If you change the pool range, make sure the first three octets match the gateway s IP address, i.e., xxx. Numbers of IP addresses in the IP address pool. If the parameters are correct, click Finish to save these settings. Your Router is now set up. Go to Troubleshooting on page A-1 if you cannot make a connection to the Internet. 4-7

41 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Advanced Setup The left-hand side displays the main menu and the righthand side shows descriptive information. The advanced management interface contains the following main menu items as described in the table below. Menu System WAN LAN Wireless NAT Firewall ADSL IPTV VoIP USB Description Sets the local time zone, the password for administrator access, and the IP address of a PC that will be allowed to manage the Router remotely. Specifies the Internet connection settings. Sets the TCP/IP configuration for the Router LAN interface and DHCP clients. Configures the radio frequency, SSID, and security for wireless communications. Configures Address Mapping, virtual server and special applications. Configures a variety of security and specialized functions including: Access Control, URL blocking, Internet access control scheduling, intruder detection, and DMZ. Sets the ADSL operation type and shows the ADSL status. Supports IPTV service if provided by your ISP. Configures VoIP settings for the VoIP Router, and view VoIP status log. Connects USB devices, such as USB storage HD, and printer server to the Router via the USB port located on the rear of the Router. 4-8

42 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Menu Tools Status Description Contains options to backup & restore the current configuration, restore all configuration settings to the factory defaults, update system firmware, or reset the system. Provides WAN connection type and status, firmware and hardware version numbers, system IP settings, as well as DHCP, NAT, and firewall information. Displays the number of attached clients, the firmware versions, the physical MAC address for each media interface, and the hardware version and serial number. Shows the security and DHCP client log. 4-9

43 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER System This screen includes all the basic configuration tools for the Router, such as time zone, password settings, and remote management. Enable or disable PPPoE passthrough function: select to enable or disable. 4-10

44 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Time Settings For accurate timing of log entries and system events, you need to set the time zone. Select your time zone from the drop-down list. If daylight savings is used in your area, check the box to enable the function. If you want to automatically synchronize the Router with a public time server, check the Enable Automatic Time Server Maintenance box. Select the desired servers from the drop-down menus. 4-11

45 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Login Settings Use this screen to change the password for accessing the management interface. Passwords can contain from 3~12 alphanumeric characters and are case sensitive. Leave the table empty if you don t want to change the login password. We highly recommend you to change management interface password for safe network security. Note: If you lost the password, or you cannot gain access to the user interface, press the reset button on the rear panel, holding it down for at least five seconds to restore the factory defaults. The default password is admin. Enter a maximum Idle Time Out (in minutes) to define a maximum period of time for which the login session is maintained during inactivity. If the connection is inactive for longer than the maximum idle time, it will perform system logout, and you have to log in again to access the management interface. (Default: 10 minutes) 4-12

46 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Remote Management By default, management access is only available to users on your local network. However, you can also manage the Router from a remote host by entering the IP address of a remote computer on this screen. Check the Enabled check box, and enter the IP address of the Host Address. Note: If you check Enable and specify an IP address of , any remote host can manage the Router. For remote management via WAN IP address you need to connect using port Simply enter WAN IP address followed by :8080, for example, :

47 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER DDNS Dynamic Domain Name Service (DDNS) provides users on the Internet with a method to tie their domain name to a computer or server. DDNS allows your domain name to follow your IP address automatically by having your DNS records changed when your IP address changes. This DDNS feature is powered by DynDNS.org or TZO.com. With a DDNS connection you can host your own web site, server, FTP site, and more at your own location even if you have a dynamic IP address. 4-14

48 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE WAN Specify the WAN connection parameters provided by your Internet Service Provider (ISP). The Router supports the following mode: ATM PVC ATM PVC Select the ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) virtual connection here. 4-15

49 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER ATM Interface: MAC Encapsulated Routing (MER 8/32): 1483 Bridging (DHCP) Parameter IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway Primary DNS IP Secondary DNS IP VPI/VCI Encapsulation QoS Class PCR/SCR/MBS DHCP Client Description Enter the IP address provided by your ISP. Enter the subnet mask address provided by your ISP. Enter the gateway address provided by your ISP. Enter the Primary DNS IP address provided by your ISP. Enter the Secondary DNS IP address provided by your ISP. Enter the Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit Identifier (VCI) supplied by your ISP. Select the encapsulation used by ISP from the drop-down list. ATM QoS classes including CBR, UBR and VBR QoS Parameters - PCR, SCR and MBS are configurable. Check the box if you are receiving IP address dynamically from your ISP. 4-16

50 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE ATM Interface: PPPoE (Ya.com PPPoE 8/32, Orange PPPoE 8/35) Parameter VPI/VCI Encapsulation QoS Class PCR/SCR/MBS IP assigned by ISP IP Address Subnet Mask Primary DNS IP Secondary DNS IP Connect Type Description Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit Identifier (VCI) supported by your ISP. (Ya.com: 8/32, Orange: 8/35) Select the encapsulation used by ISP from the drop-down list. ATM QoS classes including CBR, UBR and VBR QoS Parameters - PCR, SCR and MBS are configurable. Select Yes if your ISP automatically assigns the IP address. Enter the IP address provided by your ISP. Enter the subnet mask address provided by your ISP. Enter the Primary DNS IP address provided by your ISP. Enter the Secondary DNS IP address provided by your ISP. Sets connection mode to always connected, automatic or manual connection. Click Reconnect to re-establish the connection. 4-17

51 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Parameter Idle Time (Minute) Username Password Confirm Password MTU Description Enter the maximum idle time for the Internet connection. After this time has been exceeded the connection will be terminated. Enter user name. Enter password. Confirm password Leave the Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) at the default value (1492) unless you have a particular reason to change it. 4-18

52 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE LAN Use the LAN menu to configure the LAN IP address and to enable the DHCP server for dynamic client address allocation. 4-19

53 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Parameter LAN IP IP Address IP Subnet Mask Host Name DHCP Server VLAN Binding LAN 1-4 DHCP Server Parameters Address Pool Start IP Address Pool End IP Lease Time Domain Name DHCP Option 60 Vendor ID Description The IP address of the Router. The subnet mask of the network. Enter the name here. To dynamically assign an IP address to client PCs, enable this function. This option allows you to change VLAN membership of LAN ports 1-4. (See IPTV on page 4-59 for configuring an IPTV connection.) Specify the start IP address of the DHCP pool. Do not include the gateway address of the Router in the client address pool. If you change the pool range, make sure the first three octets match the gateway s IP address, i.e., xxx. Specify the end IP address of the DHCP pool. Set the IP lease time. For home networks this may be set to Forever, which means there is no time limit on the IP address lease. If your network uses a domain name, enter it here. Otherwise, leave this field blank. Enter the ID here. 4-20

54 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE VLAN The Router s VLAN function can be used to create up to 4 VLAN profiles. Once a VLAN profile is created interfaces can be assigned to the VLAN profile. This is done by setting the VLAN binding. Notes: 1. Only interfaces of IEEE 802 bridging type (LAN ports 1-4 and 1483 Bridging PVC s) can be assigned to a VLAN. 2. By default LAN ports 1-3 are assigned to the Default VLAN. Click Add VLAN to create a profile. 4-21

55 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER VLAN Profile Configure the VLAN settings in this screen. Description: Enter a description for the VLAN group, for example: IPTV IP Address: Enter IP address for the VLAN. Subnet Mask: Enter Subnet Mask address for the VLAN. NAT Domain: Set NAT Domain to private or public. IGMP Snooping: Enabling it will turn on the feature that allows an Ethernet switch to listen in on the IGMP conversation between hosts and routers. IGMP Querier: Enabling this function will send out periodic IGMP queries. 4-22

56 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE UPnP The Universal Plug and Play architecture offers pervasive peer-to-peer network connectivity of PCs of all form factors, intelligent appliances, and wireless devices. UPnP enables seamless proximity network in addition to control and data transfer among networked devices in the office, home and everywhere within your network. Check the Enable radio button to activate the function. 4-23

57 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Wireless The Router also operates as a wireless access point, allowing wireless computers to communicate with each other. To configure this function, all you need to do is enable the wireless function, define the radio channel, the domain identifier, and the security options. Click the Enable button to activate the function. Enable or disable Wireless function: select to enable or disable the wireless function. Secondary Wireless Module: check this box to enable the secondary wireless module. The Router supports two SSIDs - the primary and the secondary SSID. If the wireless function is disable, both SSID will be disabled; if the wireless function is enabled, then the primary SSID will be used by default. 4-24

58 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Channel and SSID You must specify a common radio channel and SSID (Service Set ID) to be used by the Router and all of its wireless clients. Be sure you configure all of its clients to the same values. Parameter Primary Secondary Wireless Mode Channel Description This is the primary Service Set ID. The SSID must be the same on the Router and all of its wireless clients. Check the Hide box to disable the broadcasting of this SSID. This is the secondary SSID, only works if the Secondary wireless module is enabled. Check the Hide box to disable the broadcasting of this SSID. This device supports both 11g and 11b wireless networks. Make your selection depending on the type of wireless network that you have. The radio channel used by the wireless Router and its clients to communicate with each other. This channel must be the same on the Router and all of its wireless clients. The Router will automatically assign itself a radio channel, or you may select one manually. 4-25

59 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Security To make your wireless network safe, you should turn on the security function. The Router supports WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy), WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) and WPA2 security mechanisms. Select the associated access point from the drop-down list. The following security options are available: WPA/WPA2 WPA2 only WPA only WEP Disabled Notes: 1. By default WEP encryption is enabled for your network security. The WEP key is printed on the sticker at the bottom of the Router. 2. Selecting the Disabled option will turn off the security function. We suggest that you turn on the security function to protect your wireless communication. 4-26

60 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE WPA/WPA2 Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) combines temporal key integrity protocol (TKIP) and 802.1X mechanisms. It provides dynamic key encryption and 802.1X authentication service. The Router supports both WPA and WPA2. Parameter Select Virtual AP Allowed Client Type Authentication Pre-shared key type Pre-shared Key Description Select the primary or secondary SSID to which you want to apply the security settings to. Select WPA/WPA2. Choose 802.1X or Pre-shared Key to use as the authentication method X: for the enterprise network with a RADIUS server. (see next page for details) Pre-shared key: for the SOHO network environment without an authentication server. Select the key type: Passphrase or Hex. Enter the key here. 4-27

61 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER WPA/WPA2_with 802.1X If 802.1X is used as the authentication method, then you should enable this function for the Router. Parameter Authentication Session Idle timeout Re-Authentication Period Quiet Period Server IP Server Port Secret Key NAS-ID Description Select 802.1X. Defines a maximum period of time for which the connection is maintained during inactivity. Defines a maximum period of time for which the authentication server will dynamically re-assign a session key to a connected client. Defines a maximum period of time for which the Router will wait between failed authentications. The IP address of your authentication server. The port used for the authentication service. The secret key shared between the authentication server and its clients. Defines the request identifier of the Network Access Server. 4-28

62 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE WPA2 Only If you want to use only WPA2 for your wireless network security. Select WPA2 Only, then set the detail settings. Parameter Select Virtual AP Allowed Client Type Authentication Pre-shared key type Pre-shared Key Description Select the primary or secondary SSID to which you want to apply the security settings to. Select WPA2 Only. Choose 802.1X or Pre-shared Key to use as the authentication method X: for the enterprise network with a RADIUS server. (see next page for details) Pre-shared key: for the SOHO network environment without an authentication server. Select the key type to be used in the Pre-shared Key. Enter the key here. 4-29

63 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER WPA2 Only_with 802.1X If 802.1X is used in your network, then you should enable this function for the Router. Parameter Authentication Session Idle timeout Re-Authentication Period Quiet Period Server IP Server Port Secret Key NAS-ID Description Select 802.1X. Defines a maximum period of time for which the connection is maintained during inactivity. Defines a maximum period of time for which the authentication server will dynamically re-assign a session key to a connected client. Defines a maximum period of time for which the Router will wait between failed authentications. The IP address of your authentication server. The port used for the authentication service. The secret key shared between the authentication server and its clients. Defines the request identifier of the Network Access Server. 4-30

64 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE WPA Only If you want to use only WPA for your wireless network security. Select WPA Only, then set the detail settings. Parameter Select Virtual AP Allowed Client Type Authentication Pre-shared key type Pre-shared Key Description Select the primary or secondary SSID to which you want to apply the security settings to. Select WPA Only. Choose 802.1X or Pre-shared Key to use as the authentication method X: for the enterprise network with a RADIUS server. (see next page for details) Pre-shared key: for the SOHO network environment without an authentication server. Select the key type to be used in the Pre-shared Key. Enter the key here. 4-31

65 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER WPA Only_with 802.1X If 802.1X is used in your network, then you should enable this function for the Router. Parameter Authentication Session Idle timeout Re-Authentication Period Quiet Period Server IP Server Port Secret Key NAS-ID Description Select 802.1X. Defines a maximum period of time for which the connection is maintained during inactivity. Defines a maximum period of time for which the authentication server will dynamically re-assign a session key to a connected client. Defines a maximum period of time for which the Router will wait between failed authentications. The IP address of your authentication server. The port used for the authentication service. The secret key shared between the authentication server and its clients. Defines the request identifier of the Network Access Server. 4-32

66 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE WEP If you want to use WEP to protect your wireless network, you need to set the same parameters for the Router and all your wireless clients. Parameter Select Virtual AP Allowed Client Type WEP Mode Key Entry Method Key Provisioning Description Select the primary or secondary SSID to which you want to apply the security settings to. Select WEP. Select 64 bit or 128 bit key to use for encryption. Select Hex or ASCII to use for encryption key Select Static if there is only one fixed key for encryption. If you want to select Dynamic, you would need to enable 802.1X function first. You can automatically generate encryption keys using the passphrase function, when Key Entry Method is set to Hex, check the Passphrase box, and enter the string. Select the Default Key ID from the drop-down menu and click SAVE SETTINGS. 4-33

67 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Note: Before saving settings the key is shown in clear text. If you wireless client does not have a passphrase utility make a note of the default key before saving settings. This is so you can configure your wireless client with the correct key. To manually configure the encryption key, enter five hexadecimal pairs of digits for each 64-bit key, or enter 13 pairs for the single 128-bit key. (A hexadecimal digit is a number or letter in the range 0-9 or A-F.) The passphrase can consist of up to 32 alphanumeric characters. 4-34

68 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Access Control Using the Access Control functionality, you can restrict access based on MAC address. Each PC has a unique identifier known as a Medium Access Control (MAC) address. With MAC filtering enabled, the computers whose MAC address you have listed in the filtering table will be able to connect (or will be denied access) to the Router. Enable MAC Filtering: select to enable or disable this function. Access Rule for registered MAC address: select to allow/deny access for the registered MAC addresses. Selecting Allow means only MAC addresses registered here will be able to connect to the Router. Selecting Deny means only the MAC addresses registered here will be denied access to the Router. MAC Filtering Table: you can enter up to 32 addresses here in the table. Click Add currently associated MAC stations to quickly copy the entry to the MAC Filtering table. 4-35

69 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER WDS The Wireless Distribution System (WDS) provides a means to extend the range of a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN). WDS allows an Access Point (AP) to establish a direct link to other APs and to allow stations to roam freely within the area covered by the WDS. Enable WDS function: check this box to enable this function. Rescan: click this button to refresh the list of available access points. Available access points will show up on the AP MAC Address Table, check the box to add that particular access point to the WDS. 4-36

70 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE NAT Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users to access the Internet sharing one public IP. Enable or disable NAT module function: select to enable or disable this feature. 4-37

71 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Address Mapping Allows one or more public IP addresses to be shared by multiple internal users. This also hides the internal network for increased privacy and security. Enter the Public IP address you wish to share into the Global IP field. Enter a range of internal IPs that will share the global IP into the from field. 4-38

72 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Virtual Server If you configure the Router as a virtual server, remote users accessing services such as web or FTP at your local site via public IP addresses can be automatically redirected to local servers configured with private IP addresses. In other words, depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port number), the Router redirects the external service request to the appropriate server (located at another internal IP address). For example, if you set Type/Public Port to TCP/80 (HTTP or web) and the Private IP/Port to /80, then all HTTP requests from outside users will be transferred to on port 80. Therefore, by just entering the IP address provided by the ISP, Internet users can access the service they need at the local address to which you redirect them. The more common TCP service ports include: HTTP: 80, FTP: 21, Telnet: 23, and POP3: 110 A list of ports is maintained at the following link: 4-39

73 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Special Application Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet gaming, video-conferencing, and Internet telephony. These applications may not work when Network Address Translation (NAT) is enabled. If you need to run applications that require multiple connections, use these screens to specify the additional public ports to be opened for each application. Popular applications: use the drop-down menu to quickly copy the entry to the table. 4-40

74 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE NAT Mapping Table This screen displays the current NAPT (Network Address Port Translation) address mappings. RIP sends routing-update messages at regular intervals and when the network topology changes. When a router receives a routing update that includes changes to an entry, it updates its routing table to reflect the new route. RIP routers maintain only the best route to a destination. After updating its routing table, the router immediately begins transmitting routing updates to inform other network routers of the change. 4-41

75 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Firewall The Router s firewall inspects packets at the application layer, maintains TCP and UDP session information including time-outs and the number of active sessions, and provides the ability to detect and prevent certain types of network attacks. Network attacks that deny access to a network device are called Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks. DoS attacks are aimed at devices and networks with a connection to the Internet. Their goal is not to steal information, but to disable a device or network so users no longer have access to network resources. The Router protects against the following DoS attacks: IP Spoofing, Land Attack, Ping of Death, IP with zero length, Smurf Attack, UDP port loopback, Snork Attack, TCP null scan, and TCP SYN flooding. (For details see page 4-49.) The firewall does not significantly affect system performance, so we advise leaving it enabled to protect your network. Select Enable and click the SAVE SETTINGS button. 4-42

76 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Access Control Access Control allows users to define the outgoing traffic permitted or not-permitted through the WAN interface. The default is to permit all outgoing traffic. Parameter Enable Filtering Function Normal Filtering Table Description Select to enable or disable the filtering function. Displays the IP address (or an IP address range) filtering table. 4-43

77 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER To add the PC to the filtering table: 1. Click Add PC on the Access Control screen. 2. Define the appropriate settings for client PC services on this Access Control Add PC screen. 3. Click OK and then click SAVE SETTINGS to save your settings. 4-44

78 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE MAC Filter The Router can also limit the access of hosts within the local area network (LAN). The MAC Filtering Table allows the Router to enter up to 32 MAC addresses that are not allowed access to the WAN port. MAC Address Control: select to enable or disable this function. Enter the MAC address in the space provided. 4-45

79 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER URL Blocking The Router allows the user to block access to web sites by entering either a full URL address or just a keyword. This feature can be used to protect children from accessing violent or pornographic web sites. You can define up to 30 sites here. Click Clear All to delete all items from the table. 4-46

80 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Schedule Rule You may filter Internet access for local clients based on rules. Each access control rule may be activated at a scheduled time. Define the schedule on the Schedule Rule screen, and apply the rule on the Access Control screen. 4-47

81 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Follow these steps to add a schedule rule: 1. Click Add Schedule Rule on the Schedule Rule screen. 2. Define the appropriate settings for a schedule rule on this Edit Schedule Rule screen. 3. Click OK and then click SAVE SETTINGS to save your settings. 4-48

82 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Intrusion Detection Intrusion Detection Feature Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) and Anti-DoS firewall protection (Default: Enabled) The Intrusion Detection Feature of the Router limits access for incoming traffic at the WAN port. When the SPI feature is turned on, all incoming packets will be blocked except for those types marked in the Stateful Packet Inspection section. RIP Defect (Default: Enabled) If an RIP request packet is not acknowledged to by the Router, it will stay in the input queue and not be released. Accumulated packets could cause the input queue to fill, causing severe problems for all protocols. Enabling this feature prevents the packets from accumulating. Discard Ping to WAN (Default: Disabled) Prevent a ping on the Router s WAN port from being routed to the network. Scroll down to view more information. 4-49

83 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER 4-50

84 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Stateful Packet Inspection This is called a stateful packet inspection because it examines the contents of the packet to determine the state of the communications; i.e., it ensures that the stated destination computer has previously requested the current communication. This is a way of ensuring that all communications are initiated by the recipient computer and are taking place only with sources that are known and trusted from previous interactions. In addition to being more rigorous in their inspection of packets, stateful inspection firewalls also close off ports until connection to the specific port is requested. When particular types of traffic are checked, only the particular type of traffic initiated from the internal LAN will be allowed. For example, if the user only checks FTP Service in the Stateful Packet Inspection section, all incoming traffic will be blocked except for FTP connections initiated from the local LAN. Stateful Packet Inspection allows you to select different application types that are using dynamic port numbers. If you wish to use the Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) to block packets, click on the Yes radio button in the Enable SPI and Anti-DoS firewall protection field and then check the inspection type that you need, such as Packet Fragmentation, TCP Connection, UDP Session, FTP Service, H.323 Service, or TFTP Service. When hackers attempt to enter your network, we can alert you by Enter your address. Specify your SMTP and POP3 servers, user name, and password. 4-51

85 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Connection Policy Enter the appropriate values for TCP/UDP sessions as described in the following table. Parameter Defaults Description Fragmentation half-open wait 10 sec Configures the number of seconds that a packet state structure remains active. When the timeout value expires, the Router drops the unassembled packet, freeing that structure for use by another packet. TCP SYN wait 30 sec Defines how long the software will wait for a TCP session to synchronize before dropping the session. TCP FIN wait 5 sec Specifies how long a TCP session will be maintained after the firewall detects a FIN packet. TCP connection idle timeout UDP session idle timeout H.323 data channel idle timeout 3600 seconds (1 hour) The length of time for which a TCP session will be managed if there is no activity. 30 sec The length of time for which a UDP session will be managed if there is no activity. 180 sec The length of time for which an H.323 session will be managed if there is no activity. 4-52

86 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE DoS Criteria and Port Scan Criteria Set up DoS and port scan criteria in the spaces provided (as shown below). Parameter Defaults Description Total incomplete TCP/UDP sessions HIGH Total incomplete TCP/UDP sessions LOW Incomplete TCP/UDP sessions (per min) HIGH Incomplete TCP/UDP sessions (per min) LOW Maximum incomplete TCP/UDP sessions number from same host Incomplete TCP/UDP sessions detect sensitive time period Maximum half-open fragmentation packet number from same host Half-open fragmentation detect sensitive time period Flooding cracker block time 300 sessions 250 sessions 250 sessions 200 sessions Defines the rate of new unestablished sessions that will cause the software to start deleting half-open sessions. Defines the rate of new unestablished sessions that will cause the software to stop deleting halfopen sessions. Maximum number of allowed incomplete TCP/UDP sessions per minute. Minimum number of allowed incomplete TCP/UDP sessions per minute. 10 Maximum number of incomplete TCP/UDP sessions from the same host. 300 msec Length of time before an incomplete TCP/UDP session is detected as incomplete. 30 Maximum number of half-open fragmentation packets from the same host msec 300 second Length of time before a half-open fragmentation session is detected as half-open. Length of time from detecting a flood attack to blocking the attack. Note: The firewall does not significantly affect system performance, so we advise enabling the prevention features to protect your network. 4-53

87 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER DMZ If you have a client PC that cannot run an Internet application properly from behind the firewall, you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way Internet access. Enter the IP address of a DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) host on this screen. Adding a client to the DMZ may expose your local network to a variety of security risks, so only use this option as a last resort. Enable DMZ: select to enable or disable this function. 4-54

88 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE ADSL ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line) is designed to deliver more bandwidth downstream (from the central office to the customer site) than upstream. This section is used to configure the ADSL operation type and shows the ADSL status. ADSL Parameters Parameter Description Operation Mode Automatic T1.413 Issue 2 G (G.DMT) G (ADSL2) G (ADSL2+) This screen is designed for the engineer to test the ADSL loop condition. Therefore, it is advised that users should not change the settings here at all. 4-55

89 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER ADSL Status The Status screen displays information on connection line status, data rate, operation data and defect indication, and statistics. Scroll down to view more information. 4-56

90 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE The following items are included on the information screen: Parameter Description Status Line Status Shows the current status of the ADSL line connection. Data Rate Upstream Maximum upstream data rate. Downstream Maximum downstream data rate. Operation Data/Defect Indication Noise Margin Maximum upstream and downstream noise margin. Output Power Maximum fluctuation in the output power. Attenuation Maximum reduction in the strength of the upstream and downstream signal. Fast Path FEC Correction Interleaved Path FEC Correction There are two latency paths that may be used: fast and interleaved. For either path, a forward error correction (FEC) scheme is employed to ensure higher data integrity. For maximum noise immunity, an interleaver may be used to supplement FEC. An interleaver is basically a buffer used to introduce a delay, allowing for additional error correction techniques to handle noise. Interleaving slows the data flow and may not be optimal for real-time signals such as video transmission. Fast Path CRC Error The number of Fast Path Cyclic Redundancy Check errors. Interleaved Path CRC Error Loss of Signal Defect Loss of Frame Defect Loss of Power Defect Fast Path HEC Error The number of Interleaved Path Cyclic Redundancy Check errors. Momentary signal discontinuities. Failures due to loss of frames. Failures due to loss of power. Fast Path Header Error Concealment errors. 4-57

91 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Parameter Interleaved Path HEC Error Statistics Received Superframes Interleaved Transmitted Superframes Interleaved Received Superframes Fast Transmitted Superframes Fast Description Interleaved Path Header Error Concealment errors. (Superframes represent the highest level of data presentation. Each superframe contains regular ADSL frames, one of which is used to provide superframe synchronization, identifying the start of a superframe. Some of the remaining frames are also used for special functions.) Number of interleaved superframes received. Number of interleaved superframes transmitted. Number of fast superframes received. Number of fast superframes transmitted. 4-58

92 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE IPTV Integrating this SIP-based VoIP Router with IP television delivers interactive triple-play multimedia services of video, voice and data. By connecting to a TV set-top-box, this VoIP Router with IPTV enabled converges entertainment and communication to your TV environment. If the IPTV function is enabled, the Router will automatically assign the LAN 4 and ATM VC2 (1483 Bridging PVC) to the IPTV group of VLAN port trunking. For detail settings, refer to VLAN on page

93 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER VoIP VoIP Account The table lists the current VoIP account information. Configure your VoIP account settings on this screen. Before you begin, you will need to obtain the following settings from your service provider: User name Password Phone Number SIP Domain Realm SIP Proxy Server address and port SIP Registrar Server address and port Prefer Codec Click on Add to add a new account (see next page for details). 4-60

94 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Check the Activated check box to enable the account. If the box is unchecked then the account is disabled. Enter the following information provided by your service provider: User ID, Display name, Password, Realm. Check the Use Auth ID check box, and enter the ID in the Auth ID field. SIP Domain: enter the SIP domain in the field. The default Listen Port is 5060, we suggest leaving this value unchanged. Select Listen VC from the drop-down menu, select Default VC Route or VC2. Select the Proxy Server from the drop-down menu. The default Proxy Port is 5060, we suggest leaving this value unchanged. 4-61

95 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Check Use Outbound Proxy, if you want to specify the outbound proxy, and then enter the information in the Outbound Proxy Server field, and the Outbound Proxy Port field. The default Registrar Expire time is 600. This is the time taken to re-register with the registrar server. DTMF Mode: Dual Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF) assigns a specific frequency, consisting of two separate tones, to each key so that it can be easily identified by a microprocessor. Select the mode to use. FAX Passthrough Codec: Select G.711u or G.711a. DNS SRV: select to enable or disable this function. Registration Query: select to enable or disable this function. Use the Up and Down buttons to change the codec priority. The preferred codec goes at the top. Use the left and right arrows to remove/add codecs from the list of selected codecs. Codecs are used to convert an analogue voice signal to digitally encoded version. Codecs vary in the sound quality, the bandwidth required, the computational requirements, etc. You can specify which audio coding 4-62

96 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE process to use. The following codecs are supported: PCMA G.729 G G G G Extensions IN You can configure the settings for Phone 1 and Phone 2 on this screen. Answer calls for all numbers: Check the boxes to activate the Answer calls for all numbers function for Phone 1 and Phone

97 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Extensions OUT You can configure the settings for Phone 1 and Phone 2 on this screen. Parameter Priority phone number Alternative phone number Description Select a priority phone number to assign to the phone. This should be your VoIP phone number. The extension number selected will be the default number used for making outgoing calls. You will also be able to receive phone calls for this number. Select an alternative phone number to assign to the phone. This could be your PSTN number (select PSTN) or a secondary VoIP phone account. Assigning an additional number allows you to receive phone calls for this number. By default outgoing calls are via the Priority phone number. However in the event calling is not possible via the Priority phone number, the call will be routed via this number. 4-64

98 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Phone You can configure four settings for the VoIP phones, phone 1 and phone 2, on this screen. Echo Canceller: this feature filters out echoes occurred during periods of active speech. Select to enable/disable this function. Voice Activity Detector: enabling this function means that only a certain level of voice volume will be send out as voice packets. This function is designed to save the bandwidth. Note that enabling the Voice Activity Detector also enables Comfort Noise Generation (CNG). CNG is a feature that generates comfort noise in the background so you know the call is active. Call Waiting: enabling this function allows you to hear a second incoming call while on a call. Caller ID Restriction (CLIR): allows you to block specified numbers. 4-65

99 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Status This screen displays the VoIP Account registration status. Click Clear to remove entries on the log. Click Refresh to update the list. 4-66

100 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE USB The Router supports various server types. It allows you to connect a USB storage device, or to share your printer over the network via the provided USB port on the rear panel of this Router. The following USB services are supported: File Server FTP Server Web-FTP Server Printer Server Click Enable USB function to enable the server services. Click Update Status to refresh the screen. Notes: 1. Be sure the USB device is powered on and firmly connected to the Router. 2. The USB services recognize the file system of FAT16/32 series. 4-67

101 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER File Server To create a new share of the file server: 1. Select Enable File Server function, then define the server name, server description as well as the group name of your network. 2. Click on the checkbox of the Remote Access if you want to manage the file server from a remote site. 3. Click Configure/Add icon on the Sharing Folder List table. The File Server/Sharing Folder screen will appear. 4-68

102 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE 4. Click on the path folder icon to browse the USB file properties. 5. Define the appropriate settings for file sharing service. 6. Click Save Settings to save your settings. FTP Server 4-69

103 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER To set up an FTP server: 1. Select Enable FTP Server function, then define the port number, maximum connections and the idle timeout of your FTP settings. 2. Enter a maximum idle timeout (in minutes) to define a maximum period of time for which the login session is maintained during inactivity. If the connection is inactive for longer than the maximum idle time, it will perform system logout, and you have to log in again to access the FTP service. 3. Click the checkbox of the Remote Access if you want to manage the FTP server from a remote site. 4. Click Configure/Add icon on the Login user profile table. The FTP Server/User Profile screen will appear. 5. Click on the path folder icon to browse the USB file properties. 6. Define the appropriate settings for FTP service. 7. Click Save Settings to save your settings. 4-70

104 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Web-FTP Server The Web-FTP Server allows you to share your FTP service by the web browser. To set up a web FTP server: 1. Select Enable Web-FTP Server function, then click on the path folder icon to browse the USB file properties 2. Define the port number (8000 by default) of your web FTP settings. 3. Click on the checkbox of the Remote Access if you want to manage the web FTP server from a remote site. 4. Click Save Settings to save your settings. 4-71

105 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Printer Server To use the printer server service, click Enable USB function to enable the server services. Click Update Status to refresh the screen as shown on page LPD-LPR service is a very common network protocol that allows you to share your printer to the local or public network. If your PC is using Windows XP or Windows 2000 OS. You could creat a new printer and select it s connection port to Standard TCP/IP Port. To create a new printer server: 1. Select Enable for the LPD-LPR Printer Server function. 2. Define the LPR Queue Name. 4-72

106 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE TOOLS Use the Tools menu to backup the current configuration, restore a previously saved configuration, restore factory settings, update firmware, and reset the Router. Configuration Tools Backup Router Configuration: this allows you to save the Router s configuration to a file. Restore from saved Configuration file: this function is used to restore the previously saved backup configuration file. Restore Router to Factory Defaults: this resets the Router back to the original default settings. Choose a function and click Next. 4-73

107 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Firmware Upgrade Use this screen to update the firmware or user interface to the latest versions. Download the upgrade file first, and save it to your hard drive. Then click Browse... to look for the downloaded file. Then click Upgrade firmware. Check the Status screen Information section to confirm that the upgrade process was successful. 4-74

108 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE Diagnostic Utility This tool allows you to analyze ADSL network traffic and to test network connection status. WAN Packet Capture The WAN Packet Capture tool is a packet sniffer which allows you to inspect the network package transmitting through your WLAN environment. Take the following steps for easily analyzing your network bandwidth management. 1. Select the ATM-PVC connection for the Target Interface. 2. Click the Start button to retrieve information, and click on Stop after 2 minutes to save the captured network trace (in *.cap format). The *.cap file displays the packet contents of the selected ATM connection by using the open source licensed Ethereal, a network protocol analyzer. 4-75

109 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER Ping Test You can specify a domain name or a valid IP address of the remote host for the ping test. Enter the destination domain name or the IP address in the Destination Address field, and click Execute. Reboot Click REBOOT ROUTER to restart the Router. The reset will be complete when the power LED stops blinking. If you perform a reset from this screen, the configurations will not be changed back to the factory default settings. Note: If you use the Reset button on the back panel, the Router performs a power reset. If the button is pressed for over five seconds, all the LEDs will illuminate and the factory default settings will be restored. 4-76

110 NAVIGATING THE MANAGEMENT INTERFACE STATUS The Status screen displays WAN/LAN connection status, firmware, and hardware version numbers, illegal attempts to access your network, as well as information on DHCP clients connected to your network. The security log may be saved to a file by clicking Save and choosing a location. Scroll down to view more information on the Status screen. 4-77

111 CONFIGURING THE VOIP ADSL ROUTER 4-78

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