A Monthly Chronicle of the White Earth Nation

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1 Anishinaabeg Today A Monthly Chronicle of the White Earth Nation Vol. 18, No. 3 White Earth, Minn. Wednesday, March 13, 2013 State of the Nation Address Chairwoman Vizenor highlights 2012 success stories Editor s Note: This is the speech given by Chairwoman Erma J. Vizenor at the 2013 State of the Nation Address. State of the Nation Address White Earth Nation of Anishinaabe Erma J. Vizenor, Chairwoman Thursday, March 7, 2013 Shooting Star Event Center Mahnomen, MN Members of the Boys & Girls Clubs White Earth Unit display medals and trophies they brought home from the 1st Annual Gathering of Bows archery tournament at Fond du Lac. Boys & Girls Clubs and 4-H brings archery to White Earth Rez By Peggie Chisholm Boys & Girls Clubs of the WE Reservation Drawing from one of the largest programs in Minnesota 4-H, and one of the fastest growing youth sports in the country, Extension Educator Joe Courneya and Boys and Girls Clubs of the White Earth Reservation - White Earth Unit Lead, Dennis Williams have developed a 4-H archery program at the White Earth club site. The club which also participates in the National Native American Mentoring Program uses this partnership to allow mentors and mentees to explore a new sport. The newly formed group uses the archery curriculum and equipment from the National Archery in the Schools Program (NASP) and the club/group model of the 4-H program. Courneya, who is a NASP instructor, has provided certification training for See Archery Page 27 Min-o-wah-bun (Good Morning). Tribal Council, distinguished guests, employees, associates, and citizens of the Great White Earth Nation, me-qwitch (thank you) for your presence today. Thank you to our spiritual leaders, Sunfish Oppegard and the Rev. Robert Dub Roy for prayers to the Almighty Creator, God, who holds us, our families, and Nation with unconditional love and care. Thank you to Eagles Nest Drum Group; White Earth Honor Guard; White Earth Veterans Princess Tiana Roy, and Burny Tibbetts, Master of Ceremonies. The Tribal Council and I appreciate all employees who work in our tribal government, gaming, housing, schools and college, and business enterprises. Thank you for your dedication. Please stop by the showcases of our programs and departments. Special thank you to Shooting Star Casino, Hotel, and Event Center for hosting the State of the Nation, to Jerome Lhotka and Michael Neusser, Tribal Economic Development and Marketing, for producing the 2013 State of the Nation Report. The Report has been prepared to use throughout the year as we share the story and success of our Nation. A proud thank you to the students from Circle of Life Academy for singing our National Anthem. You Photos by Gary W. Padrta White Earth Chairwoman Erma J. Vizenor giving the State of the Nation Address. are the future of our Nation. I dedicate the 2013 State of the Nation Address to you. To my fellow chiefs, Secretary/Treasurer Robert Durant, District I Representative Rene Auguinaush, District II Representative Terry Tibbetts, and District III Representative Gus Bevins, it is my honor to serve with you. Thank you for your hard work, service, and dedication to our People and Nation. Please let us take a moment of silence to pray for Mike Swan family as they grieve for Mike s wife See Address Page 15 PRESORTED STANDARD US POSTAGE PAID Detroit Lakes MN Permit NO 14 ECRWSS Postal Customer Students sing at event Students from the Circle of Life Academy sang the National Anthem during the 2013 State of the Nation Address March 7 at the Shooting Star Casino Event Center. Chairwoman Erma J. Vizenor dedicated the Address to the students for their performance. Photo by Gary W. Padrta

2 2 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today The Anishinaabeg Today (AT) is the offical publication of the White Earth Nation and is published once a month. Editorials and articles appearing in the AT are the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinion or attitude of the AT staff or the White Earth Reservation Tribal Council. The AT reserves the right to reject any advertising or materials submitted for publication. The submission of articles, and photos is encouraged, however, they are subject to editing for grammar, length, and malicious/libelous content. The Editor makes the sole decision of what is published in the AT and will not assume any responsibility for unsolicited material nor will the AT guarantee publication upon submission. Deadlines are strictly enforced! Deadline dates are printed on Page 2 in each issue. The AT is distributed at no charge to all postal patrons living on White Earth Reservation, and by mail to White Earth Nation members (who request the newspaper - one per household) living within the United States. The cost of a newspaper subscription is $12 per year for non-members (including descendants) living off the reservation. The AT can be read online for no cost at For more information call Ext. 5903, fax: , or write to: Anishinaabeg Today White Earth Public Relations PO Box 418 White Earth, MN Member of the Native American Journalist Association Minnesota Newspaper Association Tribal Council Erma J. Vizenor Chairwoman Robert J. Durant Secretary-Treasurer Irene Rene Auginaush District I Representative Terrence Terry Tibbetts District II Representative Kenneth Gus Bevins District III Representative Editor Gary W. Padrta Courtney Bunker named White Earth Boys & Girls Clubs Youth of the Year By Peggie Chisholm Boys & Girls Clubs of WE Reservation Five candidates recently competed for the title of Youth of the Year from the Boys & Girls Clubs of the White Earth Reservation. The five candidates were: Courtney Bunker - Mahnomen Club, Victoria Azure - White Earth Club, David Harper - Pine Point Club, Leah Bellanger - Naytahwaush Club, and Veronica Roy - Callaway Club. Each candidate wrote and read an essay entitled, What the Boys & Girls Clubs mean to me. The essays, along with three interview questions were judged by Brad Teich - White Earth Police Department, Kevin Hedstrom - Administrator of the Circle of Life Academy, and Ramona Miller - Courtney Bunker Mahnomen High School Principal. Also in attendance at the event was the supervisory staff of the Boys & Girls Clubs. Boys & Girls Clubs of America s Youth of the Year recognition is the highest honor a Club member can achieve. The Youth of the Year program celebrates youth who have overcome odds and demonstrated exceptional character and accomplishments. These deserving young people are recognized for service to their Club and community, academic performance and contributions to their families. The winner of this year s event was Courtney Bunker. Courtney will now move on to the State of Minnesota Youth of the Year competition which will be held April 8 in St. Paul on April 8. Courtney s speech talked about life situations that have led her to where she is today. Courtney is a junior attending Mahnomen High School. Courtney is also a junior staff employee at the Boys & Girls Club in Mahnomen. Courtney started out attending the Boys & Girls club in Naytahwaush at the age of 5. The Boys & Girls Club was an influence that helped me avoid making unhealthy choices and stay in school, said Courtney. Her experiences with the club have helped her define her future goals in life. Her father, Larry Olson, helped start the Boys & Girls Clubs of the White Earth Reservation. Courtney wrote, I hope to honor my dad s work. It has been a tremendous opportunity in a place where often opportunities to behave in healthy ways are hard to find. If selected as the Minnesota State Youth of the Year, Courtney will have an opportunity to compete in the Mid- West Region comprised of 18 States and if selected as the regional winner, she would compete with five other individuals for National Youth of the Year and for scholarship dollars totaling $50,000 from the Rick and Susan Goings Foundation. Sneak peek of new White Earth Dialysis and Diabetes Center Future Issues * March 27 April 3 April 24 May 1 May 29 June 5 June 26 July 3 * Deadline and Issue dates subject to change Illustration courtesy of ARTEKTA Architects This is the rendering of the new Dialysis and Diabetes Center addition to the White Earth Tribal Health Building. It will be 11,800 square feet and will include a six-station dialysis center, general practice clinic, fitness center, and nursing offices. The Center will be located on the site of the old Head Start building, which was torn down late last year. The tribe is bidding now and anticipate a spring start with completion by Christmas. The White Earth Nation and Sanford Health signed an agreement Oct. 29 to operate a dialysis program. ARTEKTA Architects of Fargo designed the building.

3 Aabitoose, Onaabani-giizis (Hard Crust Moon) 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today 3 ATTENTION CITGO Funds Available Qualifications: 1. Must meet LIHEAP income guideline. 2. Must show proof of Minnesota Energy Assistance. 3. Must be White Earth Enrolled Member or a White Earth Enrolled Child in the household. 4. Must live within a 25 mile boundary of the White Earth Reservation or within the 10 mile boundary of the Leech Lake Reservation and including the city of Bemidji. 5. Applicants name on the Minnesota Energy Assistance as well as on the account to be applied. 6. Must complete the CITGO application along with proofs of verification to meet eligible guideline. 7. DEADLINE: Application submitted by or on March 27, White Earth Reservation Applicants Contact: Anthony Wadena: CITGO Representative Naytahwaush Community Service Center PO Box 70 Naytahwaush, MN Phone: or Fax: Leech Lake Reservation Application Contact: Wendy Garton: CITGO Representative Cass Lake Family Office PO Box 733 Cass Lake, MN Phone: , Fax: White Earth Financial Services Department th Ave, PO Box 70, Naytahwaush, MN (fax) We are now accepting applications for public assistance. We are currently processing applications and renewals for White Earth enrolled members with Minnesota Health Care. Please stop by our office for an application today. Applications can also be completed online at Applymn.com. Wisdom Steps Participants: Eligibility Requirements for Wisdom Steps Conference 1. Be 55 years of age on or before December 31 of each year. 2. Walk 46,000 steps by December 31 (to attend June Conference of the next year.) 3. Complete Health Record Card and turn in no later than April Pay $20 Conference Registration Fee by April Pay $30 Conference Registration Fee after April 15 NO REGISTRATIONS ACCEPTED FOLLOWING ABOVE DATES! Wisdom Steps Conference will be held June 11, 12, 13 at the Shooting Star Casino and Conference Center DEA Hotline Report illegal sales of prescription drugs to the DEA Hotline at RxAbuse ( ) WE enrollee sworn in as State Representative Rep. Steve Green, R-Fosston, was officially sworn in as the state representative for House District 02B Jan. 8 in the chamber of the Minnesota House of Representatives in St. Paul. District 02B consists of most of Becker County, southern Clearwater County, southern Hubbard County, Mahnomen County, northeastern Otter Tail County, and northern Wadena County. I m humbled by the confidence the voters in my district have expressed in electing me, said Green, a White Earth enrollee. I plan to get to work quickly to represent the values or rural Minnesota in the legislature. Green s priorities include working to create a business friendly environment for rural Minnesota, pushing for lower property taxes, and advocating for a comprehensive energy policy for the state. Rural Minnesota turns out the best work force in the country. We need to allow our existing rural businesses to expand and allow new ones to spring Rep. Steve Green up so that we have opportunities for our young people to stay in the area, said Green. Green s committee assignments include Capital Investment, Environment & Natural Resources Policy, Housing Finance & Policy, and Legacy. Green encourages constituents to contact his office with input regarding any state legislative issue. He can be reached via at To contact Green by phone, call Mail can be sent to Rep. Steve Green, 231 State Office Building, 100 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd., St. Paul, MN President signs 2013 VAWA Empowers tribes to protect American Indian women By Jodi Gillette and Charlie Galbraith White House Blog Today (March 7), President Obama signed into law the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of This Act strengthens the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) with increased protections for Native American women and other victims previously left vulnerable by gaps in the law. During the signing ceremony the President emphasized, Tribal governments have an inherent right to protect their people, and all women deserve the right to live free from fear. And that is what today is all about. Making Native American communities safer and more secure has been a steadfast priority of the Obama Administration. Currently, Native American women are more than twice as likely to be victims of domestic violence as non-native women. A recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study found that 46 percent of Native American women have experienced rape, physical violence, and/or stalking by a partner in their lifetime. One regional survey conducted by University of Oklahoma researchers showed that nearly three out of five Native American women had been assaulted by their spouses or intimate partners. Tribal leaders tell us the actual rates of victimization may be even higher, since the justice system s failure to adequately respond leaves many Native American victims unable to safely come forward with their stories. In July 2010, President Obama signed the Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA), which provided for enhanced sentencing by tribal courts. Upon signing the TLOA, the President stated that the prevalence of violence against Native American women remains an assault on our national conscience that we cannot allow to continue. The tribal provisions included in the reauthorization of VAWA give tribes important new tools to help address this problem. Tribal governments - police, prosecutors, and courts - are essential to the response to these crimes, but have long lacked the authority to address them effectively. Prior to TLOA s enactment, no matter how violent the offense, tribal courts could sentence Indian offenders to only one year in prison. Even worse, since a U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1978, tribal courts have had no authority to prosecute a non-indian who commits domestic violence, even if he lives on the reservation, works for the tribe, and is married to a tribal member. Not surprisingly, abusers who are not arrested are more likely to repeat, and escalate, their attacks. Research shows that law enforcement s failure to arrest and prosecute abusers both emboldens attackers and deters victims from reporting future incidents. In short, the jurisdictional framework in Indian country has left many serious acts of domestic violence and dating violence unprosecuted and unpunished. The reauthorization of VAWA signed by President Obama will empower Indian tribes to protect all Native American women in Indian country, at long last. Following up on countless reports from Native women and tribal leaders, the Administration, led by the Department of Justice, consulted formally with the tribes and then developed and submitted to Congress a proposal to address the jurisdictional barriers that have allowed crimes of domestic violence in Indian country to go unprosecuted. Because the Justice Department s proposal was ultimately included in the VAWA reauthorization bill, tribes will now be able to prosecute non-indian perpetrators of domestic violence against Native American women in Indian country. The new law also clarifies that tribal courts have full civil jurisdiction to provide Native American women the safety and security of protection orders. And the new law gives additional tools to federal prosecutors to combat severe cases of domestic violence. These provisions were included in the VAWA reauthorization along with other victims who face additional barriers to escaping violence. The strengthened VAWA reminds us that a victim is a victim, regardless of race, sexual orientation, gender identity, immigration status, or tribal affiliation, and all are worthy of protection. A broad coalition of advocates joined in championing those victims voices to Members of Congress. As active members in that coalition, tribal leaders and advocates worked with Senators and Representatives of both parties to ensure the victimization of Native American women did not fall victim itself to Washington politics. In the end, the bill passed with broad bipartisan support in both chambers of Congress.

4 4 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 Hanging out with Polar Pete Submitted photo Lynn Lund, (from left) Tristin Anderson, Polar Pete, Sarah Bekkerus, and Shelia Anderson participated in the Freeze Your Buns 5K Run Feb. 16 at the Detroit Lakes Community and Cultural Center. The event took place during the annual Polar Fest festivities. Do these shoes match my coat? Submitted photo The Boys & Girls Clubs of the White Earth Reservation received a grant for 175 $20 gift certificates to Payless Shoes. Pictured are of some of the Mahnomen Unit kids after their trip to Detroit Lakes for shoes. All of the clubs participated. Eighty-five members went to the Payless store in Bemidji (Naytahwaush and Rice Lake Clubs) and 90 went to the Detroit Lakes store (Mahnomen, White Earth, Callaway and Pine Point). All deadlines for the AT are strictly enforced!

5 Aabitoose, Onaabani-giizis (Hard Crust Moon) 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today 5 White Earth Wolf Conference Opinions differ on how to manage ma iingan in state By Gary W. Padrta Anishinaabeg Today The first ever White Earth Wolf Conference was held Feb. 28 at the White Earth Tribal and Community College in Mahnomen. The conference was created in response to gray wolves being taken off the federal endangered or threatened species list last January after 37 years of protection. The Minnesota DNR then initiated a hunting season throughout the state and almost 400 wolves were killed. Conference organizer Bob Shimek said he invited everyone together to help us all better understand here on White Earth Indian Reservation the complexities and the issues that surround our wolf brethren. District II Representative Terry Tibbetts officially welcomed the conference attendees. On behalf of the White Earth Tribal Council megwitch to each and every one of you for traveling here. This is a very important issue and it s important to know the structure of our culture, traditions, and where we stand with the wolf. A lot of these issues started out two years ago when the State of Minnesota took the wolf off the endangered species list - there was no consultations with the Bands. There were talks, little talks here and there, but no direct consultations with the Bands throughout Minnesota, said Tibbetts. So they [the State] told us they were imposing a hunting season on our brother the ma iingan, that s when the council stepped in and said, wait a minute. This is our jurisdictional area. We dug in our heels at that time and said, no, we are not going to allow hunting, the taking of our brother on our lands. We are not allowing it under self determination, self governance - the right of our own government to express our inherent rights within the exterior boundaries. We aren t going to allow it, said Tibbetts. In October 2012, the White Earth Tribal Council unanimously issued a Proclamation providing for all lands within the exterior boundaries of the White Earth Reservation to be set-aside as a wolf sanctuary. No hunting, trapping or possession of wolves is permitted within the exterior boundaries of the White Earth Reservation by any person, Indian or non- Indian. It started out to be a pretty stiff argument between the government of the state and the government of the tribe. It led to a time when everyone was digging in and looking to fight each other off - so to speak, said Tibbetts. He went on say that the White Earth stance is they oppose the hunting of the ma iingan not only on the White Earth Reservation, but throughout the State of Minnesota. Today, we stand united to oppose this hunt, said Tibbetts. Steve Dahlberg, interim White Earth Tribal and Community College president also welcomed those that gathered for the conference. This is a really important issue. There is a lot of differences of options about ma iingan acrosss the different cultures that inhabit this region and it s important for all of us to come together and talk - rather than to stay in our own camps, said Dahlberg. I hope there will be a lot of good discussions and everyone leaves here with a better understanding of the issues. There were several sessions scheduled throughout the daylong conference to include Intro to Wolves, Minnesota Wolf Management Plan, The Cultural and Historic Relationship with Ma iingan and Anishinaabeg, The Importance of Population Monitoring, The White Earth Wolf Sanctuary, Wolves as a Political Barometer, Minnesota and Wolves - a Historical Perspective, plus more. This conference was sponsored and hosted by the White Earth Tribal and Community College, and co-sponsored by Sacred Spirits - First Nations Coalition, Honor the Earth, International Indian Treaty Council, and Endazhi Aanji Anishinaabewiyang. Rez Briefs Bagley Indian Ed/Title VII Parent Committee meets The Bagley Indian Education/JOM/SFTF/Title VII Parent Committee will meet on Wednesday, March 13 at 4 p.m. at the Rice Lake Community Center. All parents/guardians are welcome to attend. Looking for Native American artists Officials are looking for local Native American artists interested in displaying their art work at the Clearwater County Fair July 31-Aug. 4 in Bagley. Contact Al Rasmussen at WE Council of Elders to meet in Rice Lake The White Earth Council of Elders will meet April 1 at the Rice Lake ENP site. Lunch is served at 11:30 a.m. with meeting to follow. All elders age 55 and older are invited to attend. Anishinabe Legal Services 1st quarter meeting The Anishinabe Legal Services (ALS) Board of Directors 1st Quarter meeting will be held March 23 at 10 a.m. at 411 1st Street in Cass Lake. The public is invited. ALS is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization and provides free civil legal services to low-income Native Americans who live on Leech Lake, White Earth and Red Lake Indian Reservations. For more information call Chari at Get ready for Bikers Against Batterers event The White Earth DOVE Program along with White Earth Police Department will be having their 2nd Annual Bikers Against Batterers Bike Run Fundraiser June 22. Get your motorcycles ready! More information to come. Elder Snow Removal Program Please contact White Earth Water and Sewer at to update your application for the Elder Snow Removal Program ASAP so we may continue to plow for you. Circle of Life Quiz Bowl The Circle of Life Academy Anishinaabe Quiz Bowl members are offering two Easter Dinner Raffle boards. The students will draw one winner, per board. The Easter Dinner basket will include: a ham, a bag of potatoes, one pound of wild rice, cans of vegetables, jello, Easter candy, plates, napkins, eggs, egg dye, and miscellaneous items. The drawing will be held March 25. Contact Lynda at Ext. 125 for further information. Thank you for your support. All money raised will help with Quiz Bowl expenses. White Earth Substance Abuse Program White Earth Substance Abuse only provides same day assessment appointments. Clients can begin calling the Substance Abuse office starting at 7:30 a.m., the day they would like to have their assessment done. Each day there will only be so many assessments appointments so please call early. Our phone number is Ext. 1297, or call the RTC at Ext Diabetes Bingo dates Diabetes Bingo will be held March 19 at Pine Point, April 8 at Mahnomen, April 11 at Rice Lake, and April 15 at Elbow Lake. Bingo will begin after the 11:30 a.m. elder nutrition meal. Bingo at Mahnomen will begin at 1 p.m. at Valley View Apartments. All are welcome. Dates are subject to change. Photo by Gary W. Padrta Jessica Edberg, the Information Services Director from The International Wolf Center in Ely, Minn., gave an Introduction to Wolves session at the first ever White Earth Wolf Conference Feb. 28 at the White Earth Tribal and Community College in Mahnomen. Pine Point Talking Circle Are you interested in cultural activities? Come to the Talking Circle to meet others who share your interests on Wednesdays at 10 a.m. at the Pine Point Elders Center. Elders lunch is served at 11 a.m. Ojibwe language, plants, herbal medicines and cultural crafts are a few of the topics and activities we will be discussing. The coordinator is Evelyn Bellanger. The Talking Circle is sponsored by the White Earth RTC/TLC Committee. Questions about the Talking Circle? Contact Mary Otto, Ext. 5311

6 6 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 Annual White Earth Reservation Career Fair Photo by Robert J. Durant Students from reservation schools and Detroit Lakes attended the 17th Annual White Earth Reservation Career Fair March 1 at the Circle of Life Academy. More than 50 vendors (information booths) from employers, service providers, armed forces, and higher education participated in the event. Photos by Gary W. Padrta White Earth Chairwoman Erma J. Vizenor testifies before the Minnesota House of Representatives State Government Finance and Veterans Affairs committee Feb. 20 for the need a Memorial Plaque honoring Native American veterans. Minnesota Native American plaque honoring vets may soon be a reality By Tom Spry WE Tribal Veteran Service Officer In 2005, White Earth Chairwoman Erma J. Vizenor met with Commissioner Clark Dysrud of Minnesota Department of Veterans Affairs in the Veteran Service Building at the State Capital Complex. They discussed having Tribal Veteran Service Officers on Native American Reservations. In 2008, White Earth and five other tribes successfully implemented the TVSO program. Upon leaving her meeting, Erma went through the Memorial Park and Court of Honor. Surrounding the Court of Honor are numerous War Memorial Plaques. The War Memorial Plaques consisted of the Civil War, WWI, WWII, and Korean War, to name a few. But it is also had the Four Chaplains and Women Veterans of Minnesota. Erma wondered why there was not a Minnesota Native American Memorial Plaque. After all, Native Americans volunteered to serve in the military by a larger per capita than any other race. The White Earth Tribal Council agreed to inquire about the Memorial Plaque. The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (MCT) and Dakota tribes were informed and all agreed there should be a Memorial Plaque for Minnesota Native Americans. It was very difficult to get the Memorial Plaque onto the legislatives docket. In 2008, the Minnesota Native American Plaque came before the Legislature and was voted down because it did not include other races or cultures. MCT scheduled their 33rd Annual Reception Honoring Officials and Legislators on Feb. 20, Bill Haas, White Earth s Lobbyist, got the plaque on the docket for that afternoon on the House of Representatives State Government Finance and Veterans Affairs committee. Bill also got the plaque on the docket later in the afternoon for the Senate State Government committee. On Wednesday, February 20, 2013, Chairwoman Vizenor from White Earth, Chairman Kevin Leecy from Boise Forte and Lobbyist Blake Johnson from Prairie Island Indian Community, presented the Native American Veterans viewpoint to the Minnesota House of Representatives State Government Finance and Veterans Affairs committee. The House approved with overwhelming support. Later that afternoon at the Senate State Government committee, Blake and Erma reiterated their viewpoints. The Senate approved with overwhelming support. The Native American Memorial Plaque will now go to the House and Senate for a full vote. We hope to have a dedication ceremony in the near future. White Earth Urban Community Council meetings The White Earth Urban Community Council meetings are second Tuesday of every month at 6 p.m. at the White Earth Urban Office in Minneapolis. If there are questions call Bonni Boudreau at

7 Aabitoose, Onaabani-giizis (Hard Crust Moon) 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today 7 Circle of Life Academy hosts annual Anishinaabe Quiz Bowl competition By Lynda Wadena Circle of Life Academy The Circle of Life Academy hosted their 13th annual Anishinaabe Quiz Bowl competition Feb. 1 at the Shooting Star Casino, Hotel and Event Center. Nine teams competed against each other in which the students demonstrated their general American Indian and Ojibwe history, culture and language knowledge. First place went to International Falls 2: Kyle Askey, Brandon Barras and Cole Hennen-Wrabek with coach Tom Vollom. Second place went to International Falls 1: Levi Skogstad and Ryan Councillor with coach Tom Vollom. Third place went to Cloquet High School: Deven Stillday, Cameron Holshouser, Shana Peacock with coach Shirley Miner. The following teams attended the Quiz Bowl. The International Falls 2 team won the 13th annual Anishinaabe Quiz Bowl competition held Feb. 1 at the Shooting Star Casino Event Center. Fond du Lac: Reah Barney, Kyle White, Jacob Reynolds, Julius Aubid with coach Tara Dupuis, Bug-O- Nay-Ge-Shig: Tyler Randberg, TJ Warner, Cheyenne Clark, and Seneca Keezer with coaches Richard Armstrong and Maggie Goodwin, Waubun 1: Deondra Bellanger, Mikaela LaRoque, Josie Bellanger, and Erika Bellanger with coaches Amanda Barras and Patti DeGroat, Waubun 2: Evander Brown, Ethan Berry, Landris Thompson, John Clark and Emily Olsen with coaches Amanda Barras and Patti DeGroat, Northland-Remer: Bridgett Heinle, Benji Swankier, Logan Monroe, Austin Cash and Jade Nicazio with coaches Tammy Rogers and Leah Monroe, Circle of Life Academy: Lukas Fineday, Dayton Oppegard, Precious Dominguez, Brent Auginaush and Shantel Hanks with coach Lynda Wadena. Dan Jones from the Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College was the moderator. The elder panel consisted of Naomi Jones and Eleanora Boutwell. Former COL Quiz Bowl student Cori Jones assisted with the computer program and Warren Brown helped with the scorekeeping. A couple teams were unable to make it due to the very cold weather. The Circle of Life Quiz Bowl teams would like to say a chi miigwech to the following people for their help: the Shooting Star Casino, Hotel and Event Center Banquet Staff and Marketing Department, White Earth Reservation Tribal Council, Dan, Bea, Ellie, Cori, Warren, the other score keepers, the other former COL quiz bowl team members who came to support the current team, the parents or guardians of the COL team, and to the schools who attended our competition. We would also like to say a special thank you to everyone for their support by buying a square on one of our raffle boards. Second place went to the International Falls 1 team. Rounding out third was Cloquet High School. Mii-gii-way-win Advisory Board approves donations for community and cultural needs The Mii-gii-way-win Advisory Board recently approved $3,100 in donations for February. The following are a sample of the requests they approved. $250 - Becker County Caregivers Retreat. $500 - Detroit Lakes Shriners Club - Circus tickets (handed out to area schools). $750 - Sak Kah Tay Indigenous Preservation Society - Winter camp. $250 - Twin Cities American Indian graduation. $500 - Mahnomen High School Prom. $300 - Debwe Youth Center (Detroit Lakes) - Hand Drum class. The Mii-gii-way-win Advisory Board is committed to serving communities, through economic opportunities, that promote the enhancement of the quality life for tribal membership and their families. They work diligently to serve the needs of organizations and charities requesting a donation, through a fair and effective manner in order to ensure the preservation and respect of the Native culture. Requests can be submitted to: Mii-gii-way-win Advisory Board Attention: Chairperson, PO Box 418, Mahnomen, MN Or by fax to: The board consists of associates from the White Earth Reservation Tribal Council departments and associates from the Shooting Star Casino, Hotel & Event Center. Funding is made possible by the joint effort of the White Earth Reservation Tribal Council and the Shooting Star Casino, Hotel & Event Center. Fish house removal deadline The White Earth Conservation would like to remind all tribal members that unoccupied fish houses and shelters must be removed from the ice between March 15 and ice breakup of each year. If the State regulation for non-indians allows for a later removal than what is determined in the White Earth Conservation Code, then it will extend to that later date. This year that date is no later then midnight March 19. Fish houses and shelters may still be used during these times as long as they are attended and occupied. Failure to comply with this regulation is a violation of the White Earth Conservation Code and may result in the fish house/shelter being confiscated or destroyed and the owner being cited into White Earth Tribal Court. Remember the importance of ice safety and be careful when on the ice. Please contact us for more information Please mention this ad when contacting us You can reach the AT at

8 8 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 WETCC Regional Learning Centers to open throughout White Earth Reservation this fall MAHNOMEN, MN In an effort to broaden its community outreach the White Earth Tribal & Community College has announced that it will open four regional learning centers next fall. New and current students will be able to take core degree program courses in the following villages: Naytahwaush, Pine Point, White Earth and Waubun. We understand how difficult it is for students to commute to the main campus from their villages, said Besty McDougall, WETCC Council of Trustees Chair. In reviewing different options for students that will address not only transportation issues but child care and extended family support, a recommendation was made to establish outreach learning centers in the villages. According to McDougall, taking the college to remote villages not only provides students more accessibility to WETCC, but it also demonstrates the college s commitment to creating greater support for students. We are taking the word community and creating solutions that will meet the unique geographical needs of the White Earth Reservation, local communities, and rural areas. In looking at the geographic as well as demographic data, it is important that we look into how to begin to offer learning opportunities for community members beyond high school without them having to travel long distances, McDougall added. We also want to provide smooth transitions from our local high schools to our college campus experience. Three high schools in the region will have access to college classes through this outreach initiative, Circle of Life, Waubun, and Mahnomen. Naytahwaush and Pine Point will also be able to provide a closer connection to college opportunities which is exciting. The mission of White Earth Vocational Rehabilitation Program (WEVRP) is to empower enrolled members with disabilities from any federally recognized tribe living on or near White Earth Reservation to achieve a greater quality of life by obtaining or maintaining employment. Services will be provided in a culturally appropriate manner whose mental/physical/hidden disabilities are impediments to employment consistent with their individual strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities and informed choices so they may prepare for, maintain or engage in gainful employment, secondary education, including selfemployment and business ownership. Strategic Vision: WEVRP envisions a world in which persons with disabilities who want to work can be fully employed in a career-focused position providing competitive wages and benefits. Program philosophy: Rehabilitation has been defined as a holistic and integrated program of medical, physical, psycho social and vocational interventions that empower a person with a disability to achieve personally fulfilling, socially meaningful and functionally effective interventions. WEVRP Principles: The transformative power of employment on The vision for the learning centers includes onsite, video and online instruction. Courses would be offered Monday through Thursday from 3:30 to 8:30 p.m. The WETCC Faculty Senate will be charged with developing the draft plan for the outreach curriculum, which will be released within two months. In addition to offering courses from the six degree programs (Native Studies, Humanities and the Arts, Business, Environmental Science, Human Services and Early Education) we want to talk to village community members about other courses they would be interested in taking, said Linda Frost, Faculty Senate President. Interested students should begin applying for financial aid online. To do this, students will need to have their taxes or their parent s taxes to help fill out part of the FASFA application. There are free tax centers to help students who are interested. The college can help students and their parents find the right resources to meet some of the deadlines that will be coming up. Now is the time to begin the aid process, McDougall said. If anyone needs more information and or assistance in applying for financial aid they need to contact Emma King, the Interim Dean of Students for the College. To apply for financial aid students need to visit: For more information about the financial aid process, applying to the college and registration students should contact WETCC Interim Dean of Student Services, Emma King at ext Or by For more information about this and other WETCC news contact Mark Anthony Rolo at Ext Or Mission of the White Earth Vocational Rehabilitation Program is to empower enrollees with disabilities individual lives. Delivering high quality VR services in a cultural competent and highly professional manner. Respecting and honoring each person s strengths, skills, abilities, capabilities, informed choice and cultural identity. Building and expanding upon community partnerships that enhance employment opportunities for those that we serve. Once you are determined eligible for VR services, you will develop you individual plan of employment and work collaborative with a team of VR Professionals. VR Responsibilities: Gather medical information to determine eligibility, explore resources you need to complete your plan and assist to develop a step-by-step plan for achieving your job goal. Consumer Responsibilities: Actively participate throughout the process. Follow through with actions you agree to in you individual plan of employment. Your participation and motivation is the key to your success. Contact White Earth Vocational Rehabilitation at or for further information. White Earth Council of Elders By Leonard Wells Chairman, White Earth Council of Elders Tribal elders or family of these elders get out and check the roof for snow depth, if you think the roof needs cleaning call White Earth public works at Don t put yourself in a dangerous position, call for help! I hope February was the bulk of this year s winter weather. With the spring equinox less than three weeks away the gardening urge is getting to be somewhat unbearable. Seed catalogs have been thoroughly gone over and seeds have been selected. I plan to double the size of our garden. Anyone who has a spot get out and plant a garden if you can. There is nothing like eating your own vegetables. Finally some politicians are understanding the value of prekindergarten education. I hope they fight for funding for a national program! If this doesn t happen I hope parents or grandparents step up and teach the little ones the basics, i.e. colors, numbers, shapes, animal names and what they do and say, etc. The little ones brains are like sponges that soak up all the information they can get and also like pumps that sometimes takes a little priming to get them started, by first grade they ll be ready to go full speed ahead. And now I ll share my ideas on gun safety laws: 1. No ban on assault type weapons but limit the clip capacity to seven nonmilitary shells, this would make jobs for gun smiths and clip manufacturers to produce plugs that would allow you to retain the Rambo look. 2. A comprehensive background check that s kept on file to purchase guns and ammo. This would cover stores, gun shows, and private sales. Anyone denied a permit should be able to appeal after a set time. If any of these are violated a stiff penalty is handed out. This is not a cure all but it s better than what we are doing now. The scammers are still out there don t talk to them, hang up! Happy St. Patrick s Day and Happy Easter. You can reach the Anishinaabeg Today at Ext or Monster pike largest in tourney Courtesy photo White Earth enrollee John Clark Jr., caught this 9 pound Northern, the largest at the Mahnomen Rod and Gun Club Fishing Derby held on Jan. 12.

9 Aabitoose, Onaabani-giizis (Hard Crust Moon) 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today 9 Caregivers need care too! Title VI Caregiver Support Program provides many services Are you a caregiver? Do you qualify for Title VI Caregiver Services? The White Earth Reservation Title VI Caregiver Support Program is under the umbrella of the Tribal Health Division, which provides these services: 1. Information and assistance to caregivers about available services. 2. Individual counseling, organization of support groups, and caregivers training to assist the caregivers in the areas of health, nutrition, and financial literacy, and in making decisions and solving problems relating to their caregiving roles. 3. Support groups 4. Respite care short term-non-medical, inhome services to provide caregivers with a much needed break, while knowing that their loved one is being well taken care of. Respite services are available to those who are the primary caregiver of a Native American 55 years of age or older and living in their home or an older person living with and providing the primary care for a handicapped person. These services are available as a support to the caregiveer but not to replace the established Health Services System. 5. Supplemental services, on a limited basis. Who is eligible for the White Earth Title VI Native American Caregiver Support Program services? Informal, unpaid family caregivers of older Native American adults (55 and older). Grandparents and relative Native American caregivers, age 55 and older, who are the primary caregivers of a child not more than 18 years old because the biological or adoptive parents are unable or unwilling to serve as the primary caregiver of the child. They must be related to the child by blood, marriage, or adoption and live with the child. Please call Carol Fabre at Ext or if you have questions or would like more information. Naytahwaush Nightriders raise $6,000 for hospice The Naytahwaush Nightriders Snowmobile Club announced this year s Ride for Hospice raised $6,080 for Hospice of the Red River Valley. In nine years of the ride, the Nightriders have raised $61,572 to help provide hospice care to patients and families in Naytahwaush and surrounding areas. This year s event was held Feb. 9-10, with results announced on March 2. Carrot and Judy Paul won the award for raising the most pledges with more than $1,400. For more than 40 years, the Naytahwaush Nightriders Snowmobile Club has been working to promote and advance the sport of snowmobiling. The Naytahwaush Nightriders Snowmobile Club works with snowmobilers, resorts, businesses, government units and local land owners to develop, build and maintain a network of snowmobile trails for recreational use. For more information about future events or membership in the Naytahwaush Nightriders Snowmobile Club, please visit Hospice of the Red River Valley is an independent, not-for-profit hospice serving all or portions of 29 counties in North Dakota and Minnesota. For more information, call toll free , or visit Septic Pumping If you need your septic system pumped call the White Earth Public Works Department at Enrolled elder $25, enrolled member $45, non-enrollee $65 THE DOCTOR S CORNER Dry Eye Problems Dr. Mark Latta Optometrist, White Earth Health Center Dry eye results when tears are unable to supply sufficient lubrication to the ocular surface. The eye needs adequate tears to maintain good comfort and vision. Healthy tears are made up of three basic layers: oil, water, and mucus. These parts are secreted by glands around the eye and a problem with anyone of the three can cause a dry eye. Symptoms of dry eye disease are many and sometimes confusing. A person with dry eye may experience: Stinging, burning, or itching Sensitivity to light Eye redness Scratchiness or grittiness Blurred vision Excessive tearing Patients are often confused when told they have dry eye but tears are running down their cheek. This is caused by an overly dry eye sending a signal to the brain that it isn t getting enough moisture and there is an over compensation. Causes of dry eye can vary and must be determined to know how to respond. Different treatments are needed for the problem depending on if the cause is in the oil, water, or mucus component of the tear. Factors affecting the tear quality are: Age - usually over 50 Menopause - hormone changes Refractive eye surgery - lasik Medical problems - thyroid disorders, diabetes, Sjogrens syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and others Medications - antihistamines, hormone replacement, certain antidepressants and hypertension meds Eyelids - poor closure when sleeping or blinking, or lid disease such as blepharitis Environmental - air movement in work or living spaces such as wind or fans Chronic dry eye is primarily a quality of life issue due to chronic discomfort. However, in some more severe cases scarring may occur reducing vision. Also without good tears, more frequent infections can take place. Treatment for dry eye is determined by cause and severity of symptoms. The simplest and most common therapy is over the counter artificial tears to add moisture to the eye when needed. This only treats symptoms, not causes, and is for mild cases. Get the Red Out drops should never be used for dry eye as it will make the problem worse over time. Other options include: Treating underlying conditions - this would include adjusting medications where appropriate, surgical correction of lid closure issues, and good control of medical issues such as auto-immune disorders. Medication - antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications are often prescribed to treat lid disease which in turn improves oil secretion into the tears. Restasis is a drop that can be given if the lacrimal gland secretion is compromised. Lid scrubs - this is cleaning the edge of the lids with a soapy solution and helps with the oil secretion when the glands are inefficient due to chronic inflammation. Punctal occlusion - is blocking the drains of the eye to keep the tears in longer. This can be done with plugs or a thermal procedure. Lifestyle adjustments - avoiding air movement from fans or ducts, moisten air with a humidifier, and avoid smoke and other air contaminants. Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids dietary supplements - there is strong research to suggest that these are beneficial for dry eye. When a dry eye diagnosis has been established, you can talk to your doctor to determine which of these treatments might be most appropriate in your case.

10 10 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 TAMARAC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE DRAWING FOR LEECH AND TURTLE HARVEST PERMITS Date/Time: March 28 at 7 p.m. Place: White Earth Community Center Permits: Four permits to harvest leeches and turtles. Valid unexpired tribal ID cards are required at the door. Natural Resource Harvest Permits also required. Tribal members must be at least 16 years old. The drawing will be held at 7:05 p.m. DON T BE LATE! WASHINGTON As part of President Obama s commitment to honoring a nation-to-nation relationship with Indian Country, four cabinet-level departments today joined the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation in releasing an action plan to strengthen the protection of Indian sacred sites and provide greater tribal access to these heritage areas. The interagency plan is required by the Memorandum of Understanding signed in December 2012 by the Departments of Agriculture, Defense, Energy, Interior and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation regarding coordination and collaboration for the protection of sacred sites. The federal family has a special, shared responsibility to respect and foster American Indian and Alaska Native cultural and religious heritage, and this action plan will guide us in that important role, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar said. We have dedicated considerable staff and resources to address this important issue and will continue to work with the tribes and their spiritual and religious leaders to carry-out the action plan. The Obama administration has taken a number of steps to ensure that American Indians and Alaska Natives have full access to the programs and services offered across the federal government, said Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack. Since 2009, USDA has stepped up Tribal consultation efforts. We understand the importance of these sites and will continue to make sure Tribes have full access to the resources they need in their communities. Protecting America's air and water and our nation's heritage is an important part of the Energy Department s commitment to Tribal Nations across the country, particularly those that are neighbors to the Department s National Laboratories, sites and facilities, said Energy Secretary Steven Chu. I look forward to continuing this important work and collaborating with other federal agencies and Tribal Nations to protect Indian sacred sites throughout the United States. Through collaboration and consultation, the signatory agencies are working together to raise awareness about Indian sacred sites and the importance of maintaining their integrity, said Milford Wayne Donaldson, chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. The tools to be developed under this action plan will help agencies meet their Section 106 responsibilities while affording greater protections for sacred sites. The Advisory Council is very pleased to be part of this historic initiative to address the protection and preservation of Indian sacred sites. The MOU, unveiled at the White House Tribal Nations Conference in 2012, will be in effect for five years. The MOU commits the signatory agencies to work together to achieve enhanced and improved interdepartmental coordination and collaboration to improve the protection of and tribal access to Indian sacred sites. Among other things, the MOU commits the participating agencies to work together on developing guidance on the management and treatment of sacred sites, on identifying and recommending ways to overcome impediments to the protection of such sites while preserving the sites confidentiality, on creating a training program for federal staff and on developing outreach plans to both the public and to non-federal partners. The Action Plan includes: A Mission Statement that commits the agencies to work together to improve the protection of and tribal access to Indian sacred sites, in accordance with Executive Order and the MOU, through enhanced and improved interdepartmental coordination, collaboration and consultation with tribes; A list of actions the agencies will undertake together; A commitment to consultation with Indian tribes in developing and implementing the actions outlined in the plan to ensure meaningful strategies for protecting sacred sites; The establishment of a standing working committee made up of designated senior staff from the participating agencies, as well as other subject matter experts from the participating agencies as needed, to carry out the stipulations of the MOU; and The commitment of the Agencies to designate senior level officials to serve as members of a Core Working Group, which the Department of the Interior will Chair. Secretary Salazar also announced that Interior plans to provide a report on the Department s Tribal Listening Sessions on Sacred Sites. Last year, the Department held several Tribal Listening Sessions across the country to elicit tribal and spiritual leaders concerns regarding sacred sites. Veterinarian Clinic Naytahwaush Sports Complex March 16-18: Spay and Neuter March 19: Wellness Clinic Rice Lake Community Center March 20-22: Spay and Neuter March 23: Wellness Clinic By appointment only Call Richard Jackson ATTENTION WHITE EARTH MEMBERS! You MUST update your address with White Earth Enrollments even if you updated your address with White Earth Licensing (IDs), White Earth Election Board, or the Anishinaabeg Today! Call White Earth Enrollments at

11 Aabitoose, Onaabani-giizis (Hard Crust Moon) 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today 11

12 12 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 Fergus Falls *Licensed in Minnesota and White Earth Tribal Courts Congregate Housing In White Earth, Minn., is accepting applications for one bedroom apartments. Qualifications *62 years or older *Independent Living *Low Income, Disabled or Mobility Impaired What We Have To Offer *Socialization *Security *On-Site ENP *Close to Health Care Facilities *Laundry Facilities For more information, call or write: Co. Hwy. 21, Box 365 Waubun, MN / A Grand Opening was held Feb. 19 for the Storyland exhibit currently located at the White Earth Tribal Headquarters building. Children on and off the reservation have been visiting the literacy-focused exhibit aimed at youth ages 2-8. White Earth will host the exhibit until March 21 and then it will travel to Detroit Lakes. Top: Tribal council members and children cut the ribbon officially opening the exhibit. Upper left: Kids making turtle rattles. Upper right: Sulkie the turtle was a big hit. Left: Children sit inside a specially made wigwam. Photos by Gary W. Padrta

13 Aabitoose, Onaabani-giizis (Hard Crust Moon) 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today 13 Mush! Pine Point School students learn about dog sledding By Becky Wilkins Pine Point School Students in kindergarten through third grade at Pine Point School were able to take part of their day to go dog sledding on Feb. 26. The students earned this reward by bringing in Box Tops for an Iditarod Challenge. The classrooms were teamed up and a big map of the Iditarod trail placed on a hallway wall. As the students brought in Box Tops, their dogs moved farther down the trail towards the ending point of the race. To get to the end of the trail and to win the race, the classrooms had to bring in 1,000 Box Tops. Some of the students were so excited about the opportunity to go dog sledding, that students often came to the Iditarod map to check their progress. As it turned out, we had two dogs, or classroom teams, cross the finish line at about the same time in November. The only problem was when we first finished the race, there was not enough snow to go dog sledding. So we had to wait until we got a significant snowfall to go. The students were taken out to Streeper Kennels, which is owned by Ed and Amy Streeper. Once we were there, we were able to get on an actual sled pulled by a team of six dogs. Ed guided the sleds that held six students at a time. While some of the students were out on the dog sled, the other students got to look at the trophies that were won by Ed and his teams of dogs. Ed travels around with dog sled teams and competes in sprint races. Ed also takes the time to train dogs at his home for dog sledding races. At the end of the day, two teachers got the opportunity to go on a sled dog ride, which the students thought was great. All in all it was a great opportunity and a great day. White Earth Veterans News The White Earth Veteran Association will meet April 2 from 5 to 6:30 p.m. at the White Earth Veterans Memorial Community Center in Mahnomen. The White Earth Veterans Association meets the first Tuesday of each month. Upcoming Events: University of Minnesota Morris Student Pow Wow When: Saturday, April 6 Where: University of Minnesota Morris campus Grand Entries: 1 and 7 p.m. High Plains (Tri-College) Pow Wow When: Saturday, April 13 Where: Moorhead State University campus The White Earth Veterans Association wish to thank Chairwoman Erma J. Vizenor and Lobbyist Bill Haas on passage of the Minnesota Native American Memorial Plaque in the Court of Honor on the Capital Complex. On Feb. 20, Chairwoman Vizenor presented the Native American Veterans viewpoint to both the Minnesota House of Representatives and the Senate committees. They passed with overwhelming support. Haas was instrumental in getting the plaque on the docket in both houses in order for us to be heard. With the passage from both committees hopefully it will be passed in chambers. The White Earth Veterans Honor Guard will attend the Minnesota Native Americans plaque dedication in the future. The White Earth Veterans Association and Honor Guard always welcome invitations to schools, whether it be attending a large event or to speak to students about the veteran s service. Please notify us in advance. Contact the White Earth Veterans Association at if interested in being involved with the Honor Guard. The White Earth Veteran s Honor Guard is available for events and veteran s funerals. ATTENTION Foster Parents & Guardians The White Earth Health Center requires consent or authorization for all children under the age of 18 who seek medical care. All foster parents/caregivers must submit written authorization when registering for the child s appointment. Photos by Becky Wilkins Pine Point School students learned how to dog sled Feb. 26 at the Streeper Kennels. The students earned this reward by bringing in Box Tops for an Iditarod Challenge. The kids were able to get on a sled pulled by a team of six dogs. If someone other than the parents brings a child to the appointment, a written authorization from the child s parent must be presented at registration. If documentation isn t presented at the time of registration the child will not be seen. Please call Mary Ellen Snell at with any questions.

14 14 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 White Earth Reservation Ambulance Service continues to upgrade services over the years By Carson Gardner, M.D. WERAS Medical Director The White Earth Reservation Ambulance Service (WERAS) is approaching its 6-month mark as a rural Advanced Life Support (ALS) ambulance service. It continues to upgrade its services, supplies, staff and equipment in line with Minnesota Emergency Medical Services Regulatory Board guidelines. WERAS hopes someday to advance from parttime ALS to full-time ALS status. Here is a timeline of the birth and growth of emergency medical services in the USA and of WERAS on the White Earth Reservation. The adventure continues! 1950s - Red Cross stops teaching back-pressure/armlift resuscitation First USA chest compression/rescue breathing CPR public teaching at a Maryland state medical society meeting A, B, C mnemonic for CPR first developed as a teaching tool National Highway Safety and Traffic Act, establishing DOT (Department of Transportation) authority to train, license and regulate ambulance personnel First advanced life support ambulance put into the field in the USA; physicians admitted that CPR and defibrillation should be done at the scene of the patient collapse, not wait till patient brought to hospital First community CPR class in USA, and the world, taught in Seattle area First successful community-member-performed CPR done by three high school students in Seattle, who saved a golfer in cardiac arrest on the golf course - the golfer was still alive in 1990! Ardette (Warren) Bisson, LPN, answers a WE RTC ad to help start an ambulance service on the reservation Ardette takes and passes EMT course, EMT instructor course, community first aid instructor course - adds EMT to her LPN and becomes founding WER Ambulance service manager 1976 (summer) - WE Reservation ambulance licensed by Minnesota (MN); that old station wagon retired from IHS clinic as the sole reservation ambulance (Thanks, for the years of service, Gene Clark!) Thanks Andy and Phyllis Ott, Miles Olson, Ted Lague, Lee Lembke, Peggy Borchardt, Bonnie Anderson, Kibby Sullivan, Theresa Donner, and others, for becoming WE Reservation Ambulance crew! WER Ambulance raises funds for Gary tornado victims First USA training program for EMT s to do in-the-field defibrillation (still years till WER ambulances had defibrillation equipment on board) Joint disaster drill with Mahnomen ambulance, IHS, DL ambulance and fire, MN state patrol, Mahnomen village hospital and WER Ambulance Frank Stech Jr, becomes an EMT and joins WER Ambulance service Ardette retires. Carol Turner takes over as WER Ambulance manager; office moved from Pine Point to WE; 27 crew members, 10 of them certified EMT instructors and community first aid instructors; three ambulance rigs Late 1980s to early 1990s - Carol Turner and Frank Stech Jr. trade back and forth as WERAS managers 1990s - Automatic electric defibrillators, AED s, first authorized and placed in WER Ambulance rigs; WE Police Department begins Dr. Gardner joins WEIHS medical staff and becomes WER Ambulance medical director; service first referred to as WERAS DeVon Green becomes an EMT and joins WERAS DeVon becomes acting WERAS manager DeVon becomes WERAS manager DeVon takes LPN studies FM Ambulance EMS education director publicly praises WERAS and Mahnomen Ambulance in a letter to the editor Frank Stech Jr. dies of cancer - leaves us far too soon! June Dr. Gardner retires from WEIHS October Doc G. re-treads as WE tribal Health Department Medical Director; starts final work on ALS license upgrade for WERAS - WERAS crew members agree to go for it! Fall WERAS starts a crew newsletter, called Frankly EMS October 2011 to May WERAS ALS manual written, WERAS BLS manual revised, Shooting Star First Responder manual written, system of CQI (continuing quality improvement), continuing crew education, WERAS ALS regulatory compliance, operational maintenance checks all upgraded Spring WE PD graciously donates a chase car to WERAS to allow ALS/BLS crisis first response when needed in excess of two WERAS ambulance rigs; public safety radios also donated by PD; defibrillators, ALS medications, med storage systems, IV pumps, med safety systems, ALS supplies all acquired October MN EMS Regulatory Board grants WERAS its ALS license!!! Owa!!! November Doc G visits eight local and regional hospitals to inform their emergency services directors of WERAS upgrade to ALS and to provide copies of new WERAS ALS manual November-December WERAS gets a new radio repeater/booster transceiver, and upgrades by narrow-banding its EMS radios in compliance with USA-FCC requirements February WERAS gets a new used ambulance rig, the third rig, to use as a backup unit White Earth Reservation Ambulance Service EMT delivers baby boy EMT Jeff Olson delivered a baby boy on Feb. 24 in the back of his ambulance while entering the ambulance garage in Detroit Lakes. Kade Jon Weaver 5 lbs., 9.7 oz. Sherry Weaver and Andrew Goodwin Olson will be presented with a baby blue stork pin at the next White Earth Reservation Ambulance Service meeting. Charles W. LaDue Personal Injury Attorney at Law (White Earth Enrollee) Coon Rapids, MN Dispatch: (218) Insurance Call Toll Free Attention Water & Sewer Applicants If you have an application on file for water and sewer please call our Office and update your telephone and current address before April 15! Inform us if you have your trailer blocked, skirted and with electricity and heat. Inform us if your new home has been built with electricity and heat. Contact White Earth Water & Sewer

15 Aabitoose, Onaabani-giizis (Hard Crust Moon) 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today 15 Address from Front Page More than 40 White Earth Reservation program information booths were set up for the State of the Nation Address March 1 at the Shooting Star Event Center. Also participating was the White Earth Veterans Honor Guard. Photos by Gary W. Padrta Audrey whose funeral is today at Pine Point. [moment of silence] I will remember Audrey working with the Pine Point Boys and Girls Club. She always had a child or two wrapped in her arms. The children and youth loved Audrey. Mike is the Director of the White Earth Department of Natural Resources and one of our spiritual leaders. May God give the Swan family strength this day and the days to come. We love you Audrey, Mike and all of your children. On Tuesday Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez passed away. President Chavez was a friend of the White Earth Nation. He was known for his fiery rhetoric and socialist ideals that offended many nations throughout the world but to White Earth he was our friend. He cared about the poor. President Chavez and the people of Venezuela have donated hundreds of thousands of dollars of CITGO fuel assistance (their oil) to needy families on and near the White Earth Reservation as well to other tribes in the United States. In September 2006, I traveled to New York City to meet with Venezuelan officials about possibility of fuel assistance funds for White Earth. There were leaders from the Micmac, Abenaki, Passamaquaddy, Penebscot, and Mohawk tribes at the meeting. Some of these tribal leaders had visited President Chavez in Caracas, Venezuela the year before and their tribes were receiving CITGO fuel assistance from Venezuela. I was anxious for White Earth to participate. President Chavez was at the United Nations in New York City. We were informed that he would meet with us the following day in Harlem. After the meeting that day I went to my hotel room, turned on the TV and heard the news that President Chavez had called President Bush a disparaging name before the Assembly at the United Nations. The news reporter said there were death threats on President Chavez and that he had left for Venezuela. I went to bed feeling very sad about whole situation. The next morning I said to the Venezuelan official, I heard on the news President Chavez has left for Venezuela. Oh, no, the official said, President Chavez has not left. He will meet with you. He cares about Native Americans. He knows your history and what has happened to your people in your country. He wants to help you. The tribal leaders and I boarded the coach bus for Harlem where we gathered in a large church. We were escorted to the front pew. Within a few minutes, President Chavez came and greeted us. He spoke through an interpreter about the indigenous people of this land, about poor people and how he wanted to help. Since that time White Earth has received CITGO fuel assistance from Venezuela that has helped hundreds of families and elders keep warm through the cold Minnesota winters. Now that President Chavez had died, future CITGO fuel assistance funds are uncertain. He was our friend and our prayers go out to the President s family and the people of Venezuela. As the 2013 State of the Nation Report was prepared, I agree with Jerome Lhotka when he said there are so many accomplishments throughout the year that one doesn t realize it until it is compiled. You will note from the State of the Nation Report that White Earth tribal government is a transparent one. We are the only tribe in Minnesota that publishes all revenues and expenditures from government, gaming, and grants. Being the largest tribe in the State we are far from wealthy and have many unmet needs. Nevertheless, all of our revenue from gaming profits and grants are used wisely for the benefit of all. White Earth has excellent financial standing in banks and bond markets. We pay our bills on time. In regard to the federal governmental sequester that took place on March 1, if Congress and President Obama do not reach an agreement soon, we will see funding cuts in our programs and services. Right now we don t know if the funding cuts will be across the board or at the discretion of federal agencies. At White Earth we are planning for 5 percent and 9 percent cuts in our federally funded programs. We are in a holding situation hoping for best and planning for the worst. I wish I could expand on all of the growth and development the past year at White Earth but due to time I will mention the following: A new K-12 Circle of Life Academy opened in the fall Senator Franken was present at the Grand Opening. A few weeks later the Senator sent a note to say how happy he was to help us get the new school. White Earth was one of the four sites in Minnesota to receive the federal grant for Race to the Top, a quality early childhood education program. The first five years of a child are the foundation for success in school and life. I spend a lot of time to change policy in education at the state level, both at the Minnesota Department of Education and university systems. We are in the process of writing an agreement, a memorandum of understanding on education between tribes and the Minnesota Department of Education. I am a strong believer in Indian Education for all students in public schools throughout the State. We need to tackle the disparities in achievement and graduation rates among our Indian children, youth and post secondary students. I haven t given up on tuition waivers for American Indians in See Address Page 16

16 16 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 Address from Page 15 the State University system. I continue to work for state equalization aid to our tribal college. Our Declaration of a Public Health Emergency with Respect to Prescription Medication and Illegal Drug Use is on the forefront. Last week White Earth, Minnesota Department of Health and Minnesota Department of Human Services jointly sponsored a Substance Abuse Conference for tribes at Shakopee Mystic Lake Event Center. White Earth Tribal Council, Executive Director Ron Valiant and Jerome Lhotka were there to meet with Dr. Jeffrey Coady, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Washington, DC to secure resources and facilities for the treatment of substance abuse among our youth and adults. We know the strategies and solutions for substance abuse are on the ground work --- person by person, family by family, community by community but we need the resources. White Earth will start construction this spring on a kidney dialysis center so our patients do not have to travel long distances for dialysis. It is our vision to eradicate sugar diabetes among our people by promoting and changing lifestyles to good nutrition and exercise so that one day we will not need dialysis centers. In 2011 White Earth successfully had the law passed at the State Legislature to transfer all human services for tribal members and their families from the counties to the White Earth tribal government. The transfer is underway now which means funds plus jobs for the White Earth Reservation. I estimate when the transfer of human services is fully implemented, it will mean $50-60 million to White Earth. It is also cost effective for the State. More importantly, it is an exercise of our sovereignty and authority as a tribal government to serve our own constituents. The White Earth Reservation is into renewable energy with wind turbines in Waubun and Naytahwaush; also solar energy at the White Earth Department of Natural Resources and a biomass feasibility project for wood chips to supply energy at Shooting Star Casino. We celebrate, teach, and honor our Traditions, Language and Culture (TLC) at White Earth. We have taken a stand on our treaty rights by establishing the 1855 Treaty Authority chaired by Vice Chairman and District II Representative Terry Tibbetts. The Tribal Council declared the White Earth Reservation as Wolf Sanctuary during the State wolf season. The Tribal Council has re-structured our tribal enterprises from Tribal Council management to Limited Liability Company (LLC) boards. Research shows businesses for profit are more successful when separated from tribal politics. Wild Rice production is growing and developing. The Tribal Council is the largest purchaser of wild rice which started in Wild rice is donated to pow-wows, feasts, special events and sold at cost to elders, nutrition programs, schools, and casino. The remainder of the wild rice is marketed throughout the country. Public safety is a high priority on the White Earth Reservation with our Tribal Law Enforcement responding to most of the calls. White Earth will be the first tribe in the country to implement the Tribal Law and Order Act that expands our authority to criminal jurisdiction. In May 2013 the White Earth Down on Violence Everyday (DOVE) Women s Shelter opened, funded with $1 million through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (President Obama s stimulus package). Thank you to Secretary/ Treasurer Robert Durant for helping secure the $1 million for the shelter through Native American Housing in Washington, D.C. Today, all Native Americans celebrate as President Obama has an official signing ceremony in Washington, DC for the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Tribal leaders were invited to the signing because the Act gives the authority to tribal courts to decide cases of non-native offenders who sexually assault Indian women on Reservations. The U.S. Department Justice statistics have found that non-native offenders are responsible for more than 80 percent of all rapes and sexual assaults against American Indian women. Further, a 2010 Government Accountability report showed U.S. attorneys between 2005 and 2009 declined to prosecute 67 percent of sexual abuse allegations brought forward from reservation lands. Today is a tremendous victory for our Indian women and tribal courts. Thank you to our Congressional delegation, Senator Amy Klobuchar, Senator Al Franken and 7th District Representative Collin Peterson for voting yes on the Violence Against Women Act. To our tribal veterans, the plaque to honor Minnesota Native American Veterans will be a reality soon. On February 21, 2013, I testified before two State legislative committees for the plaque. Both committees unanimously voted for the plaque. Thank you to Tom Spry, White Earth Tribal Veterans Service Officer for writing an article about the plaque. Please read the article in the coming edition of Anishinaabeg Today. Today we also want to remember all veterans who are serving our country in many parts of the world and the veterans who have served our country with valor and honor. White Earth Nation, Shooting Star Casino, Hotel and Event Center and White Earth elders will host the 2013 Wisdom Steps Conference. Wisdom Steps is a See Address Page 18 More than 800 people attended the White Earth State of the Nation Address March 7 at the Shooting Star Casino Event Center. In addition to listening to the Address, community members could visit several information booths and enjoy lunch. Photos by Gary W. Padrta

17 Aabitoose, Onaabani-giizis (Hard Crust Moon) 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today 17 Shooting Star Casino celebrates 20th anniversary in 2012 A few Star facts about Shooting Star Casino: May construction began for the main casino. Gaming operations began in November 1991 in temporary facilities with 107 slots. The new facility was completed and operations moved to the new facility for the grand opening in May 1992 with 985 slots. Golden Eagle Bingo opened its doors in June May construction for the Event Center addition began. May Event Center opened with live performances by Ty Herndon, Sammy Kershaw, and Lorrie Morgan on the Event Center stage. From jackpots and drawings to word class entertainment and fine dining Shooting Star remains the destination of choice in our area and continues to grow! Overall casino revenue increased more than 8 percent in 2012, led by a more than 9 percent increase in gaming revenue. In 2012, more than $5.9 million was invested in property improvements to better serve guests - examples include the gift shop and deli remodels. Shooting Star Casino remains committed to strengthening the local economy and providing careers for tribal members. In 2012, nearly 1,000 people were employed earning more than $28 million in wages and benefits. The current workforce is 64 percent Native American and the management team at Shooting Star is 73 percent Native American. New hires in 2012 were 88 percent Native American.

18 18 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 Address from Page 16 Health Prevention Program for our Native Elders to promote and maintain good health. The Conference is one of the best in the State! Thank you to Bev Karsten for coordinating the conference on local level along with the State Board. We respect our tribal elders. Today the Tribal Council sponsored a group of White Earth from the Minneapolis area. We are happy you are with us. Now I want to take the remainder of my Address to share the process on White Earth Constitutional Reform. I am pleased to inform you in December 2012, the Bush Foundation notified me that White Earth had been awarded a $379,771 grant to conduct our referendum for our proposed Constitution of the White Earth Nation. Thank you to Pam Keezer, the lead grant writer for successfully writing the grant, one of the best grant proposals that Bush Foundation has received. The sworn delegates to the White Earth Constitutional Convention duly ratified for a citizen referendum the Constitution of the White Earth Nation on April 4, 2009, at the Shooting Star Event Center. Between now and September 2013, the target date for the referendum, there will be comprehensive education and information for tribal citizens so you will be well prepared to vote on the new Constitution. Thank you to the Bush Foundation for the support and funds that provides this historic, monumental opportunity to the White Earth Nation. In 2009, the Bush Foundation initiated Native Nation Building among the 23 sovereign Native nations that comprise the geographical area of Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota. The Foundation s goal is that all 23 Native nations are exercising self determination to actively rebuild their infrastructure of nationhood. The winds of change are here. Recently the Bush Foundation awarded $1.5 million to the Red Lake Nation in support of its long term constitutional reform process. The Bush Foundation informed me that in its work and partnership with Native nations, constitutional reform is the distilling factor in strengthening tribal sovereignty, governance, and self determination. Please allow me give a chronology of White Earth s constitutional reform process of 26 years. Dayton Oppegard, a 10th grade student at the Circle of Life Academy wowed the audience with a song. In 1987, White Earth Secretary/Treasurer Vernon Bellecourt successfully persuaded the Minnesota Chippewa Tribal Executive Committee to call for a constitutional convention. In 1997, with the approval of the White Earth Tribal Council, I as Secretary/Treasurer, organized the White Earth Constitutional Reform Committee comprised of 20 enrolled adult citizens (members) of the White Earth Nation. Attorney Leah Carpenter was hired as the parttime convener and writer for the Committee. The charge to the Committee was to write a Constitution for the White Earth Nation. From , the White Earth Constitutional met once per month to research, discuss, and draft a Constitution. A White Earth Constitution was drafted and submitted to me. From , tribal council members and I held Reservation community meetings, including Minneapolis, on the draft White Earth Constitution. The attendance at the community meetings was very low. The 1999 draft White Earth Constitution was published twice in the tribal newspaper, The Anishinaabeg. In 2004, I was elected to the position of Tribal Chairwoman. I promised constitutional reform in my election platform. Shortly after I took office as Tribal Chairwoman I called the University of Minnesota Law School to meet with the professor who teaches Federal Indian Law. His name was Kevin Washburn who is now the Assistant Secretary of Interior. In my meeting I asked Mr. Washburn if one or two students in his Federal Indian law class could do research and write a paper for me on constitutional reform, specifically for the White Earth Nation. I was very happy when Mr. Washburn let me know a student wanted to do the project. At the end of the semester, I received an excellent paper, one that will be shared during our referendum process. Two weeks ago I had the pleasant surprise to receive a nice handwritten note from Kevin Washburn, Assistant Secretary of Interior. He wrote: Dear Madam Chair I remember you fondly from my time as a professor at the University of Minnesota. Since then, you have made tremendous progress in bringing forward a constitutional reform proposal for White Earth. You are to be congratulated for your patient and deliberate work! Thank you for your strong leadership and your focus on this Important issue. Warm regards, Kevin Washburn Along with my busy schedule as Tribal Chairwoman, I spent as much time as possible to research and read about constitutional reform from countries as far away as South Africa to tribal nations in United States. I wanted to learn as much as I could so I would be able to successfully move forward with constitutional reform at White Earth. I read the work of Joe Kalt, Stephen Cornell, and my friend and classmate Manley Begay, all who were co-founders of the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development at the Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, MA. Their work focused on economic development in Indian country and the necessary infrastructure and governance in Indian tribes to be economically successful. During our Tribal Council budget process in the summer of 2008, I requested $50,000 to convene a Constitutional Convention at White Earth. I was ready, confident I knew the process on how to call for delegates, swearing in delegates, convening, and facilitating a White See Address Page 19 Photos by Gary W. Padrta The community was invited to the annual White Earth State of the Nation Address March 7 at the Shooting Star Casino. More than 800 people attended the event.

19 Aabitoose, Onaabani-giizis (Hard Crust Moon) 13, 2013 Anishinaabeg Today 19 Address from Page 18 Earth Constitutional Convention. From each of the 10 community councils within the White Earth Nation, I called for two White Earth adult delegates and an alternate of their appointment. I called for White Earth delegates at large. No White Earth citizen (member) was denied or turned away from being a delegate. Two delegates came from out of state at their own expense: Gerald Vizenor came from California and George Lequier came from Pennsylvania. The process was totally transparent. On October 24-25, 2006, I convened the White Earth Constitutional Convention at Shooting Star Event Center, Mahnomen. 40 delegates were sworn in by Chief Judge Anita Fineday, White Earth Tribal Court. The delegates convened over three weekends, in floor sessions and focus groups. All sessions were taped and recorded. I was not a delegate. I facilitated the convention. The work, discussions and several debates were very difficult as many issues in the constitution were emotional and controversial, such as blood quantum. Some delegates dropped out but the convention had to move forward to accomplish the goal of a ratified Constitution. When all the votes had been taken and the draft language agreed upon for the Chapters, Articles and Preamble of the Constitution I appointed a team of writers to compile these records into the Constitution of the White Earth Nation. I appointed the following: Gerald Vizenor as the Principle Writer. Gerald is a Distinguished Professor of American Studies at the University of New Mexico and the author of over 35 books on American Indians. Anita Fineday, Chief Tribal Court Judge, White Earth Nation, White Earth. Jill May Doerfler, Assistant Professor, Department of Indian Studies, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN. JoAnne E. Stately, Vice President of Development, Indian Land Tenure Foundation, Little Canada, MN. David E. Wilkins, (Lumbee) Professor of American Indian Studies, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN was a Special Consultant to the Constitutional Convention and the Proposal Writing Team. Anton Tony Treuer, Professor, American Indian Resource Center, Languages and Ethnic Studies, Bemidji State University, was the Ojibwe translator of the Preamble to the Constitution. I, as Tribal Chair gave the oversight to the writing. The completed draft Constitution of the White Earth Nation was presented to the delegates for review and edits at the final convening of the White Earth Constitutional Convention. Elders Joe Holstein and Ken Perrault stood up and spoke for two citizens to be elected at large to serve constituents outside the White Earth Reservation which was voted, passed, and included in the Legislative Governance of the Constitution. The Constitution of the White Earth Nation was duly ratified on April 4, 2009, at the Shooting Star Casino Event Center. With assurance, the Constitution of the White Earth Nation is expressly strong on territory and jurisdiction, treaty rights, equal protection, due process, human and civil rights, sovereignty, self determination, self governance, ethical leadership and rich in culture and traditional values. There is a separation of powers: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. Most importantly, the independent judiciary is imperative to the protection of human and civil rights in a democratic system of government. Also research shows that an independent court is necessary for successful economic development. There is no blood quantum requirement for tribal citizenship. Tribal citizenship is based on linear descent of enrolled parents and grandparents. Delegates debated and rejected by vote the blood quantum in the Constitution of the White Earth Nation. Historically the federal government initiated and used blood quantum as a means to eliminate the number of legally recognized Indians, knowing that over a period of time tribes would be terminated. Under the current Minnesota Chippewa Tribe Constitution, independent studies show in 30 years our White Earth Nation will decline from 20,000 citizens to less than 10,000 citizens. Based on statistics by the turn of the next century there will not be anyone alive who has a onefourth blood quantum and White Earth Nation will cease to exist. I have given the leadership on constitutional reform which has been a fair and transparent process and I have lobbied for funds to conduct the referendum. The decision to accept or reject the Constitution of the White Earth Nation will be in the vote of the adult tribal citizens (members). My heartfelt appreciation is extended to the 1997 White Earth Constitutional Reform Committee, Leah Carpenter, my fellow Tribal Council members, Asst. Sec. of Interior Kevin Washburn, Convention Delegates, Gerald Vizenor and the team of writers, Pam Keezer, the Bush Foundation, my Assistant Joe LaGarde, National Congress of American Indians who invited me to present, and all who called or wrote to me to keep up the work. Me-qwitch. May God Bless you. May God Bless the White Earth Nation. May God Bless the United States of America. Thank you. Black Ash Basket Demonstration Photo by Gary W. Padrta Clyde Estey Jr., renowned Ojibwe basket weaver demonstrates the art of making a Black Ash basket for Circle of Life Academy students Feb. 28 at the White Earth Tribal and Community College. In addition to the demonstration the students listened to Anishinaabe storytelling and then had lunch.

20 20 Anishinaabeg Today Wednesday, March 13, 2013 Thank You Chi Miigwetch (Big Thank You) On behalf of myself and the Audrey Swan family, I would like to thank everyone for the overwhelming prayers and support for my wife during her recent sickness and passing into the spirit world. Thank you to the Natural Resource staff and all who donated to the Taco Sale fund raiser that was held on March 1. Thank you to St. Mary EMS, Essentia Health, Carsonville Fire and Rescue and Red River Valley Hospice in making it possible to bring her home for her final days. Thank you to Nora Jones and Lenora Flom for helping taking care of Audrey at home. Thank you to Tim St Clair, Terry Burnette and Judy Swan for the pipe ceremony, Smoky Hills Drum Group for the songs, and Ojibwe Hymn singer. There is so many people who came forward and helped that I cannot name all of them. My staff at Natural Resources, thank you for the support and help. Thank you to all the people who brought flowers, food and helped during this tough time for our family. Thank you from the bottom of my heart to all of you. Mike Swan Legal WHITE EARTH TRIBAL COURT CHILDREN S COURT In the Matter of the Welfare of the Child(ren) of: Andrea Neeland Summons of the Filing of Permanency Petition Court File No. CC , CC YOU ARE HEREBY notified that on September 5, 2012, and December 19, 2012, Petitions for a Permanency were filed with the White Earth Tribal Court regarding the above named child(ren). You are asked to contact the White Earth Tribal Courtroom located at the RTC in White Earth, Minnesota, to receive notification of the hearing date. The telephone number is If you fail to appear for this hearing the Court may find you in default and enter an order. Dated: March 5, 2013 Daniel Morris Attorney for White Earth Indian Child Welfare Looking for Family I am looking for a picture of my biological father. His name is Donald Corvin Dakota. He served in the US Army during the Korean War. I met his half brother, Robert Chauncey Bellanger. He welcomed me into his family. Sadly, Uncle Chauncey died in Is there anyone that can help me locate a picture of my father? Most sincerely - Karen Monsen I m looking for my first cousin, Roxanne Baird who s last address was in Sacramento, Calif. Please contact me if you have any information. Patricia Cloud 6645 Hunting Path Road, Haymarket, VA You can reach the Anishinaabeg Today at Ext or WHITE EARTH TRIBAL COURT CHILDREN S COURT In the Matter of the Welfare of the Child(ren) of: Michael Turner II Employment Opportunity Summons of the Filing of Permanency Petition Court File No. CC YOU ARE HEREBY notified that on February 1, 2013, a Petition for a Permanency was filed with the White Earth Tribal Court regarding the above named child(ren). You are asked to contact the White Earth Tribal Courtroom located at the RTC in White Earth, Minnesota, to receive notification of the hearing date. The telephone number is If you fail to appear for this hearing the Court may find you in default and enter an order. Dated: March 5, 2013 Daniel Morris Attorney for White Earth Indian Child Welfare In Memory In Loving Memory of Thomas Richard Houle Thinking about you each and every day, each and every way. You made us smile, laugh and cheer but now that you are in Heaven, you have no fear. You were a loving husband, father, brother, son and uncle. All we have are memories that we see so clear, and will always remember each and every year. There s not a single day that will go by and we wish you were here, but I know you re watching over us, and I know how much you miss us and we wish you were here with us. We re not so far apart and there s still pain in our hearts. To go on everyday without you - it s hard to deal with the pain we feel about you. Times are ruff, but we are still standing tuff showing you how much we miss you, and can t wait to be there with you. You re always gonna be on our mind until our end of time. Love always, Your wife Caroline Ruth Houle, and step children Arthur William, Michael James, and Jacqueline Lynn Vanwert Evergreen Shelter Program Part-time Youth Counselor SUMMARY: This position is responsible for providing services to runaway and homeless youth and other youth in crisis, ages This position requires a team approach and the ability to coordinate services with other youth counselors and referring agencies. DUTIES: Services provided include: Intake assessments. Individual, parent/family, and group counseling. Youth supervision in the house and during activities. Case management services. Household duties (cooking, dishes, light cleaning, etc.). Other duties as assigned. QUALIFICATIONS: Prefer person working toward a Human Services degree. Must be able to work a flexible schedule. Some vacant shifts are scheduled weeks in advance. Other on-call shifts, based on a high number of clients in the house, are available on short notice. These on-call shifts tend to be during the day or evening until 9pm. We especially need individuals who are willing to work holidays (Thanksgiving and the day following, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Year s Eve, New Year s Day, etc.) Six holidays are paid at time and a half. Four holidays are paid twice the hourly rate. Call with question regarding hours and availability (Gary or Bill ) Must be 21 years or older. Must have a valid driver s license. Must maintain client confidentiality and abide by the Data Privacy Act. Must not be disqualified pursuant to Minnesota s Applicant Background Study. SALARY: Starting salary of $10.00/hour with increases after six months and annually up to our maximum $ DEADLINE DATE: Applications are accepted on an ongoing basis. To apply please go to Evergreen s Web site at for an application and send completed application, resume and cover letter to Evergreen Youth and Family Services c/o Andrea Kingbird, Human Resources, P.O. Box 662, Bemidji, MN In Memory of our Brother Gary A. Stewart April 5, Feb. 15, 2009 Blowing kisses to Heaven is what we can do every time we want to say, brother, we love you. Am so blessed and so thankful God gave this precious brother to us. Everyone that met him claimed him as their own - gentle, caring, so kind. And we were privileged to have him with us, now he is receiving blessings so deserved. Every time we think of him we blow kisses to Heaven from our heart to our dear brother Gary. Your brothers and sisters, Charles, Sonny, Russell, Susie and Nancy Deadlines for the Anishinaabeg Today are strictly enforced!

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