Discover yourself at Western

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1 Science at Western including the Bachelor of Medical Sciences (BMSc) Program Discover yourself at Western

2 A Message from the Dean Dear Student, Your interests and skills have guided you to seek higher education in the sciences. I am very pleased that you are considering Western as the best place to pursue that goal. Now you must consider your career path within the wide spectrum of science areas at Western: the mathematical sciences; computer science; biological science; the physical sciences; the basic medical sciences; and a number of interdisciplinary areas. This booklet is designed to help you make an informed decision. The University of Western Ontario provides you with the opportunity to explore many options within the sciences. Western is a distinguished Canadian university, recognized nationally and internationally for its creativity in teaching and research. Western prides itself in the award-winning calibre of its teachers and researchers, the breadth of its undergraduate programs, the rigorous attention paid to the quality of undergraduate courses, and the high standards met and maintained by our incoming and continuing students. You will find wonderful opportunities to learn at Western, not only in the classrooms and laboratories, but also through informal interactions with your instructors and classmates. The knowledge, friendships and professional connections acquired at Western will give you a competitive edge upon graduation and serve you well for a lifetime. Come visit us! David Wardlaw, BSc, PhD Dean, Faculty of Science Dr. David Wardlaw Table of Contents A Message from the Dean... 2 Table of Contents... 2 Admission Requirements... 3 Questions and Answers About Your First Year Experience... 4 The Science Students Council... 6 Academic Counselling for Students in Science and the Basic Medical Sciences... 7 The Internship Program for Science/Basic Medical Sciences... 8 Career Development... 9 Western s Modular Degree Structure Biological Sciences, Medical Sciences, Health Sciences...What s the difference? Biological Sciences Basic Medical Sciences Mathematical and Computational Sciences Physical Sciences Interdisciplinary Studies Come Visit Us! Science at Western 2010

3 Admission Requirements English (ENG4U) Advanced Functions (MHF4U) Two courses from: Biology (SBI4U), Chemistry (SCH4U), Computer and Information Science (ICS4M), Earth and Space Science (SES4U), Calculus and Vectors(MCV4U), Math of Data Management (MDM4U), Physics (SPH4U). Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U) is highly recommended. Students planning to enrol in first year chemistry must have at least Grade 11 (SCH3U) Chemistry. You must achieve an overall average on six Grade 12 U and M courses, including prerequisite courses, in the low 80s in order to be considered for admission. For more information: If you re considering modules in either: Biological Sciences or Basic Medical Sciences, keep in mind that the OUAC code for Biological and Medical Sciences is ESM and the Science code is ES. Please apply to the appropriate OUAC code based on the subject area you are considering. Health Science modules are not affiliated with the Faculty of Science; those modules are offered through the Faculty of Health Sciences. To help you sort out the difference between a BSc with a module in Biology, a Bachelor of Medical Sciences (BMSc) or a Bachelor Health Sciences (BHSc) see the overview of each field on page 12. If you re considering modules in either: Mathematical or Computational Sciences, Physical Sciences or Interdisciplinary Studies The OUAC code for Science is ES. Exceptional Programs for High Achieving Students High achieving students entering university can participate in unique opportunities for enrichment. Scholar s Electives Program This program is designed to provide a stimulating learning environment for outstanding students. Its goals are to foster a community of scholars who have a general intellectual curiosity about most disciplines. Those selected will, in addition to their four-year Honors degree courses, enrol in a Scholar s Electives module. Admission Requirements Enrolment is limited to full-time students campus-wide who qualify for membership by having at least a 90% admission average. Selection will be determined by a Selection Committee on the basis of grades and personal accomplishments as detailed on a supplementary admissions form. For application information, visit or scholarselectives. Western Scholars Students entering full-time study with averages of at least 90% or equivalent are invited to be recognized as Western Scholars prior to the beginning of their first year as part of the registration process. Students with equivalent levels of achievement who are entering with an International Baccalaureate or who have been admitted as international students or transfer students are also eligible. For more information, visit

4 Questions and Answers About Your First Year Experience For more information: Is admission competitive? Yes. As space in each program is limited, admission each year is competitive. Minimum averages vary from year to year, depending on the number and quality of applicants. I m upgrading my courses this year and was wondering what The University of Western Ontario s policy is regarding upgraded courses? Does it affect my overall average in any way? Western will continue with its current practice of taking the higher of the two grades submitted for the same subject for high school applicants. When are offers of admission mailed? Offers of admission are mailed to candidates on an ongoing basis commencing in January. Offers of admission extended prior to May are based on the applicant s Grade 11 and Grade 12 marks. Offers of admission that are made in May are based on the applicant s Grade 12 mid-term average. For non-ontario high school students, contact the Admissions Office for more information at: preview/admissions/ Will I get some help with course selection? Yes. Summer Academic Orientation, is a mandatory on-campus or phone advising session with a Professor, an Academic Counsellor or a Liaison Officer held in the summer months. This service will give you the opportunity to discuss your courses, attend learning skills sessions and student panels, take a tour of the campus and residences, set up a timetable and a Western account as well as register for your courses. For more information about course selection visit: FirstYear.html How big are lectures in first-year? The average first-year class size at Western is 80 students and few classes have more than 150 students. Some classes are larger, with 200 to 800 students. Laboratories and tutorials of about students associated with some classes ensure that you have lots of contact with your instructors. Senior classes are usually smaller. How much time am I expected to devote to each course? A typical course expects that for every hour students spend in lecture they should devote roughly twice as many hours to independent study. I have a question concerning the admission requirements into the Faculty of Science. I am a little unclear of what it meant when I read two courses from Biology, Chemistry, Computer and Information Science... Does it mean that I can only submit two of the four courses and that my next two other 12U credits must be of other courses? Please clarify. It means that you MUST have a credit in both English (ENG4U) and Advanced Functions (MHF4U). You must have taken two of the following Grade 12 courses: Biology (SBI4U), Chemistry (SCH4U), Computer and Information Science (ICS4M), Earth and Space Science (SES4U), Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U), Math of Data Management (MDM4U), Physics (SPH4U). [Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U) is highly recommended because it can act as a prerequisite for calculus courses needed in many Science programs.] AND you must have two other Grade 12 U or M level courses - they can be anything you want including other Science courses. We will take the four pre-requisite marks and add the next two best Grade 12 U or M level marks in order to calculate your average. Can registration be deferred? If you are offered admission into a firstyear full time program, you may ask to defer your admission for up to one year if you do not attend another postsecondary institution. If you are offered a scholarship or a place in residence these offers are automatically deferred. If your deferral is granted, you will be required to submit a $ non-refundable deposit to secure your place for the following academic year. Science at Western 2010

5 Questions and Answers About Your First Year Experience Power Hour for those who are working on Financial Mathematics. These groups allow students to discuss ideas and give presentations in a friendly yet challenging environment. I ll need a place to live once I get to Western, what options are there? Accommodation is guaranteed if you are single and have received an offer of full-time admission to Western by the end of May during the last year of secondary school. There are advantages to residence life. The proximity to classes and campus services as well as the exceptional meal plans saves students time and energy so that they may concentrate on their studies. What are the best modules I can take to gain admission into Medical or Dental School? At Western, there is no preferred academic route for Dental/Medical School application consideration; students from any faculty may be considered. Dental school applicants, however, require prerequisite courses. Admission into these schools is extremely competitive and enrolment is limited. It would be wise to choose an undergraduate program that would provide you with an alternative career choice in case you are not admitted. For more information on admission to Medicine and Dentistry at Western, please refer to: ca/education/ume for Medical school or for Dental school. What about extra-curricular activities? There are 38 varsity sports teams, and an extensive intramural sports program. Students interested in varsity athletics are advised to contact the appropriate coach or the Intercollegiate Athletics Office, Room 3170 Thames Hall, , as soon as possible since many sports have try-outs well before September. There are more than 160 clubs and organizations on campus. In September, all clubs participate in Clubs Week, a University Students Council (USC) sponsored event. Many departments have clubs and associations run by students. These societies are often a source of academic help, seminars, instructive material, job search information, outreach activities and social events. Examples include: The Actuarial and Statistical Undergraduate Association (ASUA) The Biology Undergraduate Society (BUGS) The Chem Club The Computer Science Student s Association The Outcrop Club (Department of Earth Sciences) The Physics & Astronomy Student Association (PASA) Pre-Medical Society Pre-Dental Society Other departments host informal study groups. The Department of Mathematics is well known for its Mathematics Study Group Pizza Seminars, while the Department of Applied Mathematics has The Flower Hour for those who are studying Mathematical Biology and The Western s housing services has nine student residences. There are different types of living quarters to choose from. The traditional residence style features one or two people to a room and the floor shares common facilities.the suite style has a single room for each student and shares a common living room and bathroom facilities among four people. Students can also take advantage of living on a learning community floor. These floors are for students who share similar interests and are handy in providing easy access to study groups and social activities. If a student feels unsuited for residence life and wishes to live off campus, the Western Off-Campus Housing Service can help. The office and web site provide resources to help students find a home as well as information about landlord and tenant legal matters. Western s Off-Campus Advisors are a group of student volunteers who help fellow students and their neighbours deal with issues related to living in the community. The Off-Campus Advisors are trained to provide assistance, information and support to students facing issues such as landlord or renting problems, by-law questions, roommate disagreements and any other issue or concern that may arise when students are living off-campus.

6 The Science Students Council A Few of The Many Things Science Council Has To Offer to You The Annual Science Formal! Informative career and graduate school information nights! Charity fundraisers! High profile speaker events! The Absolute Zero, the bimonthly science newspaper written by science students! Lots of Western Science merchandise! Science Homecoming at Western! For more information: A Message from the Congratulations to each of you for considering Western as the next step in your academic careers within Science. I can safely say that choosing Western will be the best decision you will make, and you will soon find out that this is for so many different reasons. Science at Western has a vision that focuses on academics, and also encompasses a social component. Both are unmatched by any other university. This is just one of the reasons so many students are drawn to this program. Everything from my experiences within the residence program, to my experiences within a lab makes this one of the most exciting journeys imaginable. On behalf of the Science Students Council, I hope to see all of you next year to join in on the journey. Sincerely, Tyler Coupal President, Science Students Council A fundamental element of the Western student experience is the broad range of activities available to students. There are plenty of clubs, societies and organizations that offer many possibilities for students with varied interests. These extracurriculars are closely intertwined with and managed by student governance. The University Students Council (USC) is the student government for all Western undergraduates. The USC provides extensive services and programming including a very successful and exciting orientation program, the largest of its kind in Canada. The Science Students Council (SSC) is the subset of the USC that represents all Science and Basic Medical Sciences undergraduates. It serves as an important link to faculty, academic counsellors and program-specific clubs. The council also provides information and services to inform and engage undergraduates in their current education and future career goals. The SSC organizes events that allow students to showcase their talents, raise money and awareness for noteworthy causes, or enjoy fun times and lasting memories. With all that happens, its website keeps science students apprised of the opportunities available to them. In general, the council is composed of elected representatives and appointed commissioners. Representatives are tasked with voicing the student opinion to the SSC and other university bodies and commissioners are responsible for specific events or services. Several opportunities exist for first-year students to participate in Council. They may run for first-year representative positions, and take part in the many Science Students Council committees. SSC committees manage events like Science Homecoming or Science Formal, allocate financial awards to deserving students, and much more! Science at Western 2010

7 Academic Counselling for Students in Science and the Basic Medical Sciences For more information: You have a number of resources to aid in the selection of courses as well as advice on academic matters. The primary resource for academic information is the Academic Calendar which is available online (see URLs below). If you can t find the answer to your questions in these websites, then contact a Counsellor. Keep in mind that Academic Counsellors and Departmental Counsellors have different responsibilities. Dean s Office Counselling Come visit an Academic Cousellor in the Dean s Office if you seek: Advice about the impact of course selection and academic performance on eligibility for various modules and degrees Interpretation of academic policies and procedures Confidential discussion of personal, medical or religious issues that affect performance and what accommodation is available Request permission for increased or irregular course load Processing of recommendations from departments such as a special permission Advising transfer students including possible evaluation and approval of advanced standing credits Letter of Permission requests (taking courses at another university) Advising students on Probation or Grade Point Waiver Exchange and Scholarship inquiries Change of status including withdrawal from the University, transfer from another Faculty The Admissions Office at Western phone: Science and Basic Medical Sciences Counselling phone: Biology Counselling Dr. Richard Gardiner Ms. Brenda Beretta Anatomy and Cell Biology Dr. Martin Sandig How to Contact Us: Physiology/Pharmacology Applied Mathematics Counselling Dr. Bogdan Tudose Computer Science Counselling Mathematics Counselling Statistical & Actuarial Sciences Counselling Chemistry Counselling Departmental Counselling Contact a Departmental Cousellor for: Course selection and graduation requirements Course prerequisite permission (May I take a course without a prerequisite?) Course substitutions (What permissions are needed to take a different course?) Course overlap in modules Course equivalency (Can a course taken at another university be used in place of a Western course?) Information regarding problems with course registration (Example: a course is full, wait lists) Biochemistry Medical Biophysics Medical Sciences Microbiology/Immunology Pathology Dr. Candace Gibson Earth Sciences Counselling Physics & Astronomy Counselling Dr. Jeff Hutter Environmental Science Counselling Prof. Colin Baird Planetary Science Counselling

8 The Internship Program for Science/Basic Medical Sciences An internship employment applicant should: Be enroled in the third year of a Science or BMSc academic program Have a minimum average of 70% Be approved for the Science/ BMSc Internship Program by the Departmental Advisor Be in good standing with their home department Possess strong communication and interpersonal skills Be able to work independently and with others. For more information: The Internship Program is not simply an alternative co-op program - it is an in-depth means of developing valuable industry contacts and a well-paying work experience for our undergraduates. Interns gain educational experience through mentoring by professionals, being part of a team and accumulating experience that directly relates to their career objectives. Internship placements can vary widely as they are tailored to the individual needs of employers and interns. Employment opportunities may include public or private sectors. All undergraduates enroled in the Faculty of Science and students in certain disciplines of the Basic Medical Sciences Program may participate in the Internship Program. The Program involves careerrelated employment for a period of 8-16 continuous months before returning to Western to complete the final year of an undergraduate degree. Internships usually begin in May or September, but the actual start date is flexible. Students benefit from the Internship Program in many ways. The internship helps in identifying long-term goals and allows students to try a career on for size. Internship placements often lead to full-time employment upon graduation. Employers may create internship opportunities for students in any of our departments in the Biological and Medical Sciences, Mathematical and Computational Sciences or Physical Sciences. Nadine Wakabayashi (left) is a recipient of the 2009 Suncor Energy Foundation s Engineering & Science Award. She is the first Science intern to receive this $5000 scholarship and is currently in her final year of her Honours Specialization in Environmental Science. Profile: Holly Stover Honors Specialization in Environmental Science with Biology Minor In year 5 (4 years of school + 1 year of Science Internship) The Internship Program gives students valuable insight into the world of employment within a student s chosen field. Holly Stover worked at ESSO Imperial Oil as a Remediation Associate with the Surplus Property Management Department in Remediation and Reclamation Services in Calgary Alberta. Holly answered a few questions about the program after her 12 - month term as an intern. How is the internship experience enhancing your skills and qualifications? My job required more difficult technical skills in computer software and IT, so I became more proficient in this area. I was also required to chair meetings and give several presentations, enhancing my communication skills. Working with contractors on environmental projects increased my knowledge in environmental science and in the petroleum industry. Visiting a conventional oil field in the Northwest Territories and Canada s largest bitumen producing facility in the oil sands region of Alberta was an amazing learning experience! What is the most important lesson that you have learned throughout your internship placement? Do not take any work you do in your internship for granted, it is always very important for the company. Science at Western 2010

9 Career Development For more information: Many students, just like you, arrive on campus with career goals in mind. However, your career goals may change due to any number of reasons. This is why it is essential that you actively monitor your own goals and manage your career from the moment you arrive on campus. Western provides many services to help students explore, identify and achieve their career goals as they make the transition from school to work. Take a look at just some of the services that are available to you: Career Western The Career Western is available to help you along the path toward your career goals. During your time at Western, take advantage of Career Counselling appointments to explore your career options, the drop-in Job Search Clinic for assistance with all of your job search needs, and any or all of our Career Management Classes. The classes cover topics such as: interview strategies, successfully finding work, or linking interest and personality test results to potential careers. Don t forget the Internship Program, Career Resource Library and listings for volunteer work and summer, part-time and permanent employment. The path to your career starts here! Science Career Services The Faculty of Science provides career planning and job search assistance to students (including those in BMSc degrees). We aim to provide science focused career exploration for students and connect them with compatible industries and businesses. The Career Services office serves as a source for students to locate interested employers, and also provide guidance for resume development, cover letter writing, interview techniques, internships and more.

10 Western s Modular Degree Structure For more information: A Look at Our Academic Choices The modular degree structure gives you the opportunity to combine various subjects from different departments and faculties. The chart shows how modules can be combined in the three different types of degrees offered. For instance, if you were planning to complete a 4-year Honors Bachelor Degree, you could do an Honors Specialization in a science discipline combined with a minor in a different science or even a non-science (Philiosophy for example). An honors degree can also be constructed from two different Major modules, either both in science or one in science plus a nonscience. Certain modules are required to attain honors status. At Western, there are literally thousands of possible combinations of modules. Modules A module is a collection of courses that define an area of study. The number of courses included in the module is defined by the amount of specialization in the topic. All courses included in the module are designated by a Department, Faculty, School or Affiliated University College. Please Note: Not all departments, faculties or schools offer all of these modules. Engineering, Nursing and Media Theory and Production programs are not included in the module structure. GENERAL PROGRAM STRUCTURE An Honors Specialization Module Comprised of 9.0 or more courses and is available only in an Honors Bachelor Degree (4 year). A Specialization Module Comprised of 9.0 or more courses and is available only in the Bachelor Degree (4 year). Major Module Comprised of courses and is available in all three degree types. Minor Module Comprised of courses and is available in all three degree types. Year 1 Years 2-4 (15.0 courses after first year) Honors Specialization + Major Honors Specialization + Minor Honors Specialization Major + Major Honors Bachelor Degree (4 Year) Years 2-4 (15.0 courses after first year) Specialization + Major Specialization + Minor Specialization Major + Major Bachelor Degree (4 Year) Major + Minor Major Years 2-3 (10.0 courses after first year) Major + Minor Major Bachelor Degree (3 Year) Minor + Minor 10 Science at Western 2010

11 Western s Modular Degree Structure In cases such as a Combined Honors BSc in Computer Science and LLB in Law Program, students who pass the LSAT can enter a program that spans six years, rather than the seven that would be needed if the two degrees were pursued separately. Articulation agreements give students the opportunity to transfer some of the credits earned from a selected college program and apply them toward a degree at Western. Western students can also take advantage of this program to reduce the number of courses required for selected college diplomas required for certification. Graduates from this type of program are career-ready in their chosen field. Testimonial: Ashley King Special Student Faculty of Social Science Things to Keep in Mind during First Year The first year for an undergraduate is the best time to evaluate the possible modules to suit your interests. Take the opportunity to meet with professors, graduate students and especially academic counsellors to discuss your options. Most modules become more defined in second year and will give you a clearer idea of what lies ahead. This is also the best time to determine whether you should pursue Major, Specialization or Honors Specialization modules. There are also other avenues to explore such as five-year combined degrees or interdisciplinary programs. For more information on these alternatives, see page 30. A Note About Switching Modules After second year it becomes increasingly difficult to switch from one discipline to another. The decisions made during second year demand creative, realistic and critical thinking in determining a career path. Students should tailor courses to their needs as indicated by individual strengths and skills. If you are uncertain as to what direction to take, it may be necessary to opt for a course load made up of selections to cover your bases. In any event, switching modules may require taking additional courses to meet the requirements of third year studies. Combined Degree Programs and Articulation Agreements There are cases where reaching a career goal requires more than one degree or certificate. Western offers several conbined honors or honors specializaton modules to earn two degrees in less time. Combined degrees such as Honors BMSc, Honors BHSc or Honors BSc with Honors Business Administration take five years while opening up career opportunities that require knowledge across multiple fields. I am currently transitioning from the social sciences into the natural sciences by taking first year Biology and Earth Sciences courses. Coming to university is really an experience where you can learn more about yourself. Since starting at Western, I ve realized that my passions lie with Biology and Earth Science. I am grateful that Western provides so much support for such a big change. It can be overwhelming trying to decide which direction and major to choose, but at The University of Western Ontario they make the transition easy. University is an academic setting but it is also about discovering yourself and evolving. Explore different areas, and you may be surprised to find a new passion and perhaps a career you never considered before. 11

12 Biological Sciences, Medical Sciences, Health Sciences... What s the difference? Biological Sciences (page 13) At Western, Biology is taught from a perspective that integrates the subcellular, cellular, organism, community and ecosystem levels. Instead of looking at organisms purely from the level of plant, animal or microbe, you will learn about the diversity of organisms and the complex relationships that exist within the different levels of biological organization. The Department of Biology offers modules in animal physiology, biology, cell and developmental biology, comparative physiology, conservation biology, ecology and evolution, ecosystem health and genetics. Year 1: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics Year 2: Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Genetics, Scientific Method in Biology, Organic Chemistry, Biostatistics, Ecology, Evolution Students branch out into the various disciplines within Biology in Years 3 and 4. Courses available include animal behaviour, animal physiology, plant biology, as well as advanced courses in cell biology, genetics, and comparative physiology. A variety of field courses are also offered. Many graduates with Honors degrees in Biology go on to graduate studies (MSc and/or PhD) and professional schools (dentistry, medicine, veterinary medicine, law, pharmacy). There is a broad range of employment opportunities for graduates with a Biology background at all levels (BSc, MSc or PhD), including: - the public sector (agriculture, environment, fisheries and health) - business and industry (including research, development and marketing in biotechnology, consulting and health care) - teaching at either the elementary, secondary or post-secondary level -law (bioethics, patent development for biological products) Basic Medical Sciences (page 17) The well-being of a person requires the adaptive and complex interplay between environmental factors and genetics, biochemical pathways and physiological systems. Modules in the basic medical sciences explore the molecular, cellular and systematic organization of the human body and the biological mechanisms it uses to adapt to environmental changes and the challenge of disease Modules offered The basic medical science departments offer modules in biochemistry, medical biophysics, medical cell biology, medical sciences, microbiology and immunology, pathology and toxicology, pharmacology and physiology. Course selection -- Years 1 and 2 Year 1: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics Year 2: Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Genetics, Scientific Method in Biology, Organic Chemistry, Statistics (Year 2 course selection is differerent for Medical Biophysics modules) Course selection -- Years 3 and 4 The focus in these years is studying one or more of the basic medical science disciplines, depending on the module(s) selected. Year 4 courses and the research projects required in the Honors Specializations (or the advanced lab in Medical Sciences) build on basic medical science courses taken in Year 3. Career Opportunities Many graduates with BMSc degrees and basic medical science modules go on to professional schools (dentistry, medicine, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, physical therapy, chiropractic) and graduate studies (MSc and/or PhD). Other career/employment opportunities include: - law (bioethics, patent development for medical products) - business (biotechnology marketing, research and development, quality control) - government laboratories (agriculture, marine and environmental sciences) - industry (pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, biosafety regulation and enforcement) - teaching at either the elementary, secondary or post-secondary level Health Sciences ( The World Health Organization defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO, 1984). Health Sciences promotes health and wellness and reviews how health care is provided. The Bachelor of Health Sciences program explores these concepts as well as Canadian and international health systems. Honors Specialization modules in community rural health development, health sciences, health information management, health sciences health promotion, health sciences health sciences with biology, and rehabilitation sciences are offered. Majors and Minors in Health Sciences as well as rehabiliation sciences are also offered. Year 1. Health and Wellness, Biology. Years 2-4. Anatomy, Measurement & Analysis, Research Methods, Ethics & Health, Health Policy, Health Promotion, Health Issues in Aging, Health Issues in Childhood and Adolescence. Bachelor of Health Sciences (BHSc) graduates have successfully established careers in a wide variety of health-related fields, including: Health promotion Community health programming Public sector administration and policy development areas (such as Health Canada) Biomedical ethics Business and industry (wellness and rehabilitation organizations, pharmaceuticals) Non-profit sector (such as Heart and Stroke Foundation and the Canadian Cancer Society). Many Honors graduates enter professional programs which include Veterinary School, Medicine, Dentistry, Education, Occupational and Physical Therapy, Law and Business. It is important to remember that there is no preferred route to any of these schools. To be eligible for these programs you must have the necessary prerequisite courses. Enrolment is limited and admission is very competitive. 12 Science at Western 2010

13 Biological Sciences Biology at Western is an exciting, dynamic and broad-ranging subject that addresses the complexity of living organisms and encompasses topics such as the role of specific genes in embryo development, flowering or behaviour, and broad-scale interactions between organisms in ecosystems and the environment. For more information: A versatile and exciting program, Biology at Western has gained an enviable reputation over many years and its graduates rate very highly in comparative evaluations with other universities. As a result, Western s Biology graduates typically compete very well for jobs. Why? Our faculty and staff are dedicated to offering a strong and exciting undergraduate curriculum and we take great pride in our award-winning teachers. Over the years, a dozen of our faculty have won top national and University-wide awards for excellence in teaching. The hallmarks of our biology modules are broad training at the introductory and intermediate levels followed by opportunities to concentrate in certain sub-disciplines at the advanced levels. Throughout the Biology program, students acquire not only an understanding of the concepts of Biology, but also skill sets that will serve them well for life after university. Many of our courses provide hands-on laboratory experience. In particular, our innovative laboratory-only courses emphasize student input into experimental design, learning a variety of modern techniques and the basis of scientific communication. Throughout the undergraduate program, the Biology department offers a variety of field courses across North America and the world. In their fourth year of study, our undergraduates have the opportunity to work closely with faculty on projects which give them first-hand experience in the exciting and complex world of research. The modules offered by the Department of Biology range in activities from extensive fieldwork to hands-on laboratory investigation to mathematical modelling, often in various combinations. The foundation of all of these pursuits is the solid theoretical knowledge gained through award winning instructors and professors. Some modules are given in co-operation with other departments, programs or other faculties. The choice is yours. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Animal Physiology $ Biology $ $ $ $ Cell and Developmental Biology $ Comparative Physiology $ Conservation Biology $ $ Ecology and Evolution $ Genetics $ $ $ Interdisciplinary Module Animal Behaviour $ Biology and Geology $ $ Ecosystem Health 1 $ Genetics and Biochemistry $ 1 Offered jointly by the Environmental Science program and the Department of Biology. 13

14 Biological Sciences Animal Behaviour Offered jointly by the Departments of Biology and Psychology, this module takes a scientific approach to understanding what an animal (including a human) does and why it does it. Today, information on the reproductive behaviour of insect pests, for example, may ultimately lead to their control, while knowledge of migratory routes of an endangered whale or shorebird may enable conservationists to design adequate reserves to save the animal from extinction. Moreover, an understanding of the evolutionary basis of our own behaviour may help us to identify and understand harmful behaviours such as addiction or acts such as homicide. Behaviours are complex and involve both genetic and environmental inputs. This module will explore behaviours at both the proximate and ultimate levels of analysis. The module draws on teaching expertise from multiple departments at Western. 14 Animal Physiology The typical human can dive without breathing for 1 minute. The Weddell seal can dive to a depth of 400m for 90 minutes. The typical adult human will die if body temperature falls below 25 o C. The wood frog can survive the entire winter with 70% of its body frozen solid. In order to breathe, digest, excrete and do all the physiological functions essential for life, the typical human requires 7,500,000,000,000 cells. C. elegans, a nematode worm, does it all with just 959 cells. There is nothing typical about Animal Physiology. This module will help students to understand how animal biochemical and physiological systems evolved and adapted to virtually every environment on the planet. Not only is this interesting, but it can prepare students to make breakthroughs in such areas as organ transplants and the treatment of traumatic injury. Biology The biology modules give a broad focus of topics to appeal to those with a wide scope of interests. More than cataloguing and describing species, you can learn about the genetic and biochemical complexities of organisms and how these organisms relate to the environment. Students can choose from a wide variety of courses spanning Animal Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Genetics, Cell Biology, Population Ecology, Environmental Biology, Scientific Method in Biology and the opportunity to see Biology in action in both the field and in a research laboratory. Cell and Developmental Biology There are over 200 different types of cells among the 7.5 trillion that make up our body. Now consider that each of us originated from a single fertilized egg. Cell and developmental biology involves investigating how cells divide, migrate and then differentiate, in order to perform specialized functions within multicellular organisms such as ourselves. In the Cell and Developmental Biology module, modern molecular and cellular techniques are used to explore how individual cells function and communicate with each other over both short (cells next to each other) and long distances (such as pancreatic cells communicating with those in the brain) in multicellular organisms. There are courses that examine these processes during normal development and how alterations in these pathways lead to various diseases. Students get lots of hands-on laboratory experience and learn modern techniques used routinely in cell and developmental biology research laboratories. Also, in their fourth year of study, there is the opportunity to carry out a research project in one of these laboratories. Science at Western 2010

15 Biological Sciences Comparative Physiology How can some birds fly over the peak of Mount Everest while humans have difficulty coping with the thin atmosphere at that altitude? How can a plant such as Thlaspi caerulescens stay healthy while accumulating 5,000 times more heavy metals than a human can tolerate? The comparative physiology module will be able to help you answer these questions and more. Explore various physical, chemical and biochemical principles common to the cells, tissues, organs and systems in a variety of organisms including both plants and animals. Comparing and contrasting different mechanisms used by organisms to achieve the same outcome (e.g., nutrient acquisition, defence etc.) provides a cohesive understanding of biological form and function. Conservation Biology Do you know that we are living in a time of unprecedented mass extinction? Around the world, biological communities that evolved over millions of years are being destroyed by human activities. Conservation biology is an established, multidisciplinary science that deals with this crisis confronting biological diversity. Its two principle goals are to investigate human impacts on biological diversity, and to develop approaches to prevent extinction of species. The Conservation Biology modules at Western provide students with the ability to identify what species are at risk of extinction, diagnose why they are at risk, and determine how to reverse the process of decline. By drawing on expertise from the Departments of Biology, Geography and Political Science, you will be exposed to experimental and theoretical approaches to conservation biology. You will also see the economic factors and the policy procedures that shape and develop conservation strategies. The modules offer a diverse selection of courses and many courses have hands-on laboratory components or field components. Testimonial: Christine Moore Honors Specialization Ecology and Evolution 2009 My decision to come to Western was not an easy one. It meant moving across the country to a place where I had never been and where I knew no one. With some reservations, I pondered my choices, took a leap of faith, came to Western and it has proven to be one of the best decisions of my life. This university fosters the growth of their students in so many ways. Academically, Western provides intellectually stimulating courses that force students to think for themselves, always striving for deeper understanding rather than basic comprehension. The university also offers a wide breadth of courses allowing its students to experience many facets of academia, within and outside of their own faculties. The instruction at Western is truly unique, always focusing on maximum classroom participation. The professors at Western show a deep love for their areas of expertise, and this enthusiasm resonates with students own desires to explore their personal interests. Furthermore, Western professors are very down to earth and take an active role in their students successes. My personal experience with the Honors Thesis Program has been the most enriching aspect of my academic career. This unique program allows you to work closely with a professor, developing and carrying out a year long research project. Although it has been challenging, the support offered by my supervisor and other professors in my department has allowed me to realize the full potential available to me as a student and a researcher. My last four years at Western have been some of the best in my life thanks to the amazing experiences and people I couldn t have encountered anywhere else. 15

16 Biological Sciences Ecology and Evolution In the Ecology and Evolution module, students will develop a sound understanding of how the diversity, distribution and interaction of Earth s stunning variety of microbial, animal and plant life forms change over time from one day to the next and one eon to the next. This module provides comprehensive training in ecological and evolutionary biology, stressing both theoretical and applied aspects in both animal and plant systems. Understanding in this area is fundamental to investigations into many problems such as the sustainable use of natural resources and the present biodiversity crisis. Ecosystem Health For the first time in history, the increase in human population is placing greater demands on the capacity of our Earth and is altering terrestrial and marine 16 ecosystems on a global scale. These changes may already be having serious effects on ecosystem and human health, and there is growing concern that in coming decades the effects could be even more dramatic. The Major in Ecosystem Health will allow students to explore the relationships between ecosystem and human health and our global environment. This alliance is rarely addressed but drawing upon the expertise from the Departments of Biology, Geography and Political Science, students will be exposed to experimental and theoretical approaches to ecosystem health as well as to the economic factors and the policies that impact how humans interact with their environment. Students graduating from this module will be ecologically literate in the discussion of health issues and global environmental change. Genetics We live in the postgenomic era where the complete sequence of genomes from many viruses, bacteria, plants and animals are known. We have ready access to affordable genetic testing to predict susceptibility to disease, identify lost relatives and trace ancient human migration across the globe. In the Honors Specialization module in Genetics, students will learn that the study of DNA sequence differences between individuals of the same species and of different species is one of the main interests of geneticists. You will see how genetic variation leads to disease, drug resistance, altered behaviour and new morphology. You will learn how changes in the DNA sequence are used to determine gene function and decipher complex pathways such as the development of a single fertilized egg to an adult organism. Despite significant levels of genetic variation, you will notice similar themes in genome structure and function in worms, flies, animals and plants. These modules explore a wide range of topics in genetics with emphasis on basic principles and state-of-the-art genetic techniques applied to diverse organisms from viruses to humans. The Honors Specialization module includes an optional individual research project, as well as a course emphasizing current advances in genetics research and teaching scientific writing, poster presentation, seminar presentation and debating skills. Special Features of Biological Science Programs Students in the Biology program who have taken field courses report that their experiences changed the way they thought about Biology they got to know their professors and benefited from working with animals and plants in their natural environment. The field course program includes more than 40 courses offered every year, for example: Arctic Ecosystems, Biodiversity and Ecology in Indochina, Pollination of Spring Flowers, Alpine Ecology (at the Kananaskis field station in the Rockies), Methods in Ecotoxicology, Marine Ecology, Disturbance Dominated Ecosystems, Biology of Argentina and Costa Rica: Rainforest and Reef. Science at Western 2010

17 Basic Medical Sciences The Basic Medical Sciences at Western focus on all aspects of biology that define and influence the human condition. Emphasis is placed on understanding the basis of human disease, mechanisms of current treatment and the search for cures. The scientific principles presented are fundamental to all aspects of modern research and technology and thus impact diverse areas of our society. For more information: (Microbiology & Immunology) The Bachelor of Medical Sciences (BMSc) degree is a 4-year degree offered jointly by the Faculty of Science and the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry. It is designed for students interested in advanced study in one or more of the basic medical sciences. This joint approach provides the opportunity to learn and understand the interrelationship between the basic and clinical medical sciences and to explore one or more in depth. A BMSc Honors degree must contain either one of the Honors Specialization modules or two of the Major modules listed in the table on the next page. A non-honors BMSc degree contains either a Specialization module or two of the Major modules. Enrolment in BMSc degrees is limited and competitive. Approximately 370 students, who meet minimum mark requirements and satisfy certain criteria, are admitted to BMSc degrees in each of Years 2 and 3. Once admitted to Year 3 of a BMSc degree, students are assured the opportunity of completing a BMSc degree. Enrolment in Honors Specialization modules within the BMSc degree is limited and competitive. Each Honors Specialization module has a limited number of spaces in either the Year 4 research project or advanced lab. Consequently, a limited number of students will be admitted to each Honors Specialization module in each of Years 2, 3 and 4. Students may complete a degree with a different designation, for example a Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree, by including a Major and/or Minor module offered by a Basic Medical Sciences department in their degree. Some basic medical sciences departments also contribute to Honors Specialization modules leading to BSc Honors degrees (see the Interdisciplinary Modules listed in the table on the next page). Shannan Hamel Honors Specialization in Medical Sciences and Major in Genetics 2009 Upon reflection, I realize how truly unique and exceptional my experiences were in the BMSc Program. Whether being taught by leading professionals in the field or independently studying research on cutting-edge topics such as cervical cancer, DNA sequencing or atherosclerosis, I always felt challenged to exceed my scholastic goals. The BMSc program offered insights into and experience in medicallyrelevant biology that rarely comes at the undergraduate level, and has prepared me for a bright future. The flexibility of the Honors Specialization in Medical Sciences allowed me to spend a year studying abroad on an exchange, where I gained a cosmopolitan perspective of the academic world as well as lifelong international friends and contacts. At Western, I was also involved in the first-year student orientation program, intramural sports and Western Foot patrol, and through these activities was encouraged to be a team member, leader and Western ambassador. I was inspired to uphold the highest level of integrity, to become a better analytical thinker, as well as a grounded, well-rounded individual. I am truly proud to be part of such a select group of graduates. 17

18 Basic Medical Sciences The following modules offered by the Basic Medical Sciences department blend valuable hands-on experience in problem solving with laboratory work and develop various skills including computer, analytical, communication, organizational and other life skills. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Biochemistry $ $ $ $ Biochemistry and Cell Biology $ Biochemistry of Infection and Immunity $ Clinical Biochemistry $ Medical Biophysics $ $ $ $ Medical Cell Biology $ $ $ Medical Sciences $ $ $ $ Microbiology and Immunology $ $ $ $ Pathology and Toxicology $ $ Pharmacology $ $ $ $ Physiology $ $ $ Physiology and Pharmacology $ $ Interdisciplinary Module (BSc) Biochemistry and Chemistry $ Bioinformatics (Biochemistry Concentration) $ Genetics and Biochemistry $ Medical Biophysics (Physical Science Concentration) $ Physiology and Psychology $ Combined Degree (5 years) HBA (Business Administration)/ BMSc (Honors Specialization in Medical Sciences) Biochemistry Biochemistry involves the study of key biological macromolecules and their processes. Students learn principles and techniques that underlie modern medicine, including manipulation of the genome, molecular bases of disease and understanding how information from genome sequencing impinges on our understanding of protein structure and function. Major emphases within the Biochemistry modules include molecular biology; genome dynamics, structure and regulation; protein structure; and the molecular basis of development, cell growth and differentiation. 18 Medical Biophysics Explore the world of medical science and innovative technology at Western by applying principles of mathematics, biology, physics and engineering to your coursework. Medical Biophysics offers a multi-faceted approach to basic research and problem solving in human biology Science at Western 2010

19 Basic Medical Sciences with application to clinical research in both medicine and dentistry. Course material is based on faculty expertise in fields such as vascular disease, microcirculation and cancer metastasis, computer simulations of blood flow, environmental hazards of magnetic fields, biological effects of ionizing radiation, physics of head injury and tooth fracture as well as imaging techniques including CT, ultrasound, MRI and their applications to image guided surgery and therapy. Key courses include independent participation in research, including a 6-week project in 3rd year and a fullyear 4th year project. Previous students have investigated topics such as: stress distribution in the impacted human skull, the fate of cancer cells in the circulation, test phantom design for ultrasound imaging in breast cancer biopsy and for radiation treatment planning, and mathematical modeling of oxygen delivery in transplanted heart valves. Medical Cell Biology Modules in Medical Cell Biology are offered by the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology. Medical Cell Biology consists of the study of humans at the molecular, cellular, tissue and systems level. The modules integrate information from each of these areas to yield an understanding of the relationship between structure and function in the organism as a whole. Courses offered in our modules allow students to study the gross anatomical features of all the human body systems; to explore the relationship of structure and function; to understand how cells in the human body interact when forming tissues, maintaining homeostasis and regulating behaviour; and to learn about the cellular mechanisms governing normal and pathological processes such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and mental disorders. The broad scope of this program offers students a diverse set of career options. These career paths include graduate and professional schools, employment in drug and pharmaceutical companies, employment in government agencies, scientific research and teaching. Medical Sciences The modules in Medical Sciences provide an opportunity to learn and understand the interrelationships between the basic and clinical medical sciences. Students wishing to study more than one discipline will enjoy the flexibility of the Medical Sciences modules as they have access to courses offered by all the basic medical sciences departments. Courses available to students include: bacterial pathogenesis, general biophysics, mammalian physiology, molecular biology of DNA and RNA, principles of drug action, selected topics in medical sciences, and systemic human anatomy. Career paths may include graduate studies, research opportunities in government, industry and academia and professional schools. Microbiology and Immunology Microbiology is the study of viruses, bacteria, protozoa, algae and fungi. Some of these microorganisms cause disease in plants, animals and in humans. Others contribute to the production of food, medicines, useful chemicals, and to the control of pollution and environmental cleanup. Immunology is a related discipline that deals with a host s protective response against infectious agents and with diseases such as allergies, diabetes, multiple sclerosis and arthritis that develop when the immune system acts inappropriately. Core courses include the fundamental properties of the prokaryotic cell, 19

20 Basic Medical Sciences immunology and the diversity of prokaryotes and viruses. These provide the background for advanced courses in bacterial pathogenesis, immunology, molecular virology and molecular genetics of gene expression. A major component of the Honors Specialization modules is a research project and seminar course, offered jointly with the Department of Biochemistry. A wide range of projects is available for students and provide a rewarding placement in a research laboratory. Pathology and Toxicology Building on a foundation of anatomy, biochemistry, cell biology and physiology and the understanding of normal mammalian systems, students move on to pathology the study of human disease. Basic mechanisms underlying disease are investigated with an indepth look at some of the major organ disorders (e.g., cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, neuropathology). Complemented by the study of toxicology, the effects of drugs, chemical, and biological toxins on mammalian systems, those hazards in the workplace and the environment that lead to illness and disease are also examined. An advanced course in forensic sciences examines the medico-legal framework in the investigation of certain deaths, particularly in sudden death, and the effects of various external agents on the human body. 20 Pharmacology Pharmacology is the study of drug actions on biological systems, including their chemical properties, biological effects, and use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Courses in toxicology examine the harmful effects produced by drugs and chemicals from natural, agricultural and industrial sources. A major part of an Honors Specialization in Pharmacology is a research project in a professor s laboratory. These projects might be on anti-cancer and anti-viral therapy, neuropharmacology, cardiovascular pharmacology, molecular pharmacology/toxicology, drug-drug and drug-food interactions, medicines from natural sources, and metabolism of exogenous agents including drugs and environmental toxins. Physiology Physiology is the study of how the body works. A key concept in physiology is homeostasis, which describes how all the body processes work together to provide normal function, and to adapt to external (e.g., temperature, oxygen levels) and internal (e.g., disease) challenges to our body systems. Human physiology at Western offers an exciting, dynamic approach to understanding how individual cells with incredible complexities work together to produce a finely tuned, integrated whole body that is much more than the sum of its parts. The Honors Specialization modules in Physiology, Physiology and Pharmacology as well as Physiology and Psychology are research-oriented programs. In these programs students discover what s new in our understanding of how the human body works and have the opportunity to work side-by-side with a faculty researcher in a laboratory performing original experiments. Science at Western 2010

21 Mathematical and Computational Sciences The skill sets acquired through the study of mathematical and computational sciences are essential in an increasingly technological world. These subjects are taught by the Departments of Applied Mathematics, Computer Science, Statistical & Actuarial Sciences and Mathematics. Concurrent programs include Mathematics and Education, Engineering with Applied Mathematics and more. For more information: (Computer Science) The Departments of Applied Mathematics, Computer Science, Mathematics and Statistical & Actuarial Sciences work with the essential tools of science. The mathematical and computational sciences are necessary to mine and explore raw data, design computational and numerical methods and to study geometric structures algebraically. At Western, qualified students have the option of studying either a particular branch of mathematics or pursue an interdisciplinary approach in a variety of fields, sometimes in surprising ways. Modules range from a minor in game development (one of the best in the country), to an honors specialization in bioinformatics to a five year concurrent Bachelor of Science in Mathematical Sciences and a Bachelor of Education degree. As seen by this small sample, it is sometimes difficult to determine the distinctions between pure and applied areas of mathematics. These departments include national and international award-winning faculty and students. The departments are leaders in implementing innovative learning environments as well as pioneering research groups. Applicable departments are members of the prestigious Fields Institute in Toronto as well as the acclaimed Perimeter Institute in Waterloo. Western is also the birthplace of SHARCNet (Shared Hierarchical Academic Research Computing Network), a multimillion dollar regional network of supercomputing resources across southwestern Ontario. SHARCNet is Canada s largest academic High Performance Computing facility. Testimonial: Jeffrey Shantz Honors Specialization Computer Science 2009 Computer Science at UWO trains one to think logically, rationally, and analytically. The program is both challenging and rewarding, and affords students a fair amount of flexibility in tailoring their course selections to their interests. With courses in topics such as game design, artificial intelligence, bioinformatics, computer networks, and databases, there is something for everyone. Group project courses allow students to work on a lengthy software project while simultaneously building their teamwork and communications skills, and forging long-term friendships in the process. Opportunity abounds through internships and research assistantships, and helpful, world-class professors make for an enriching and immersive learning experience. One emerges with a highly relevant degree that is in strong demand within the workforce, along with the confidence and skills necessary to tackle the challenges of the real world. 21

22 Mathematical and Computational Sciences Department of Applied Mathematics The First Year of an Applied Mathematics Degree The appropriate Calculus courses are required and Linear Algebra is required. Students interested in combining Applied Mathematics with another subject area are strongly advised to include a course from that subject in first year. Careers in Applied Mathematics: What is Applied Mathematics? The Department of Applied Mathematics cultivates a broad knowledge of basic and applied mathematics, while developing skills in the use of numerical and computational methods. The expertise acquired in Applied Mathematics is useful to solve complex problems in the natural, social and applied sciences. Areas of speciality include theoretical chemistry, quantum systems, bioinformatics, fluid mechanics, finance, computer science, environmental modeling and environmetrics. Students who are in their fourth year of an Honors Specialization module are offered opportunities to work on a research project in close association with faculty members. Special Features of Applied Mathematics Programs Many students are unsure of their ultimate program, but know that they like mathematics and are good at it. It helps to know that the mathematics and computing skills taken in the early years of a program are basic and common to a wide variety of applications, and that applied mathematicians often move from one area to another. Their broad background allows students to start an Applied Mathematics program with one direction in mind and be confident that they can change plans in the course of their degree. The Department of Applied Mathematics invites you to visit and discuss your particular interests. There is almost no area of science or industry where the acquired skills of an Applied Mathematician are not in demand. The concepts learned in matrix algebra and calculus can be used to build mathematical and computational models in everything from pure scientific research to industrial process innovation. Mathematical simulations are used in areas ranging from the design of large complex oil refineries to the monitoring of trends in spot prices in the electrical grid to the tracking of evolutionary resistance to drug therapy. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Applied Mathematics $ $ $ $ Applied Mathematics Methods $ Financial Modelling 1 $ $ Mathematical Sciences 2 $ Mathematical and Numerical Methods $ Scientific Computing and Numerical Methods $ Theoretical Physics $ Concurrent Degree (5 years) Engineering and Applied Mathematics 1 Offered jointly with the Department of Statistical & Actuarial Sciences. 2 Offered jointly with the Department of Mathematics. 22 Science at Western 2010

23 Mathematical and Computational Sciences Department of Computer Science What is Computer Science? Computer Science is a discipline concerned with managing and manipulating information in order to solve complex problems; solutions are usually expressed through custommade programs. Fields encompassed by the discipline include networking, distributed systems, operating systems, database management, computer game development, software security, artificial intelligence, computer graphics, imaging, computer vision, software engineering, human-computer interaction and bioinformatics. Bioinformatics programs examine methods that are essential to search, sort and analyze large masses of biological data generated through genomic and proteomic studies. The field requires knowledge in computer science, mathematics and biology. The First Year of a Computer Science Degree A sequence of two Computer Science half courses (one on computing fundamentals and one on data structures and algorithms) is required. Allowable mathematics combinations are either half courses in both Calculus and Linear Algebra, or a sequence of two Calculus half courses. Bioinformatics programs have additional requirements: full-year courses in Biology and Chemistry. There are few restrictions on the other courses a first-year student takes. Subject areas that combine well with Computer Science include introductory courses in Business, Economics, Geography, Languages, Linguistics, Media Information and Technoculture, Philosophy, Psychology, all mathematical sciences, most other sciences, and any area that develops written or oral communication skills. Careers in Computer Science: Graduates are employed in various challenging positions such as: in research and development firms specializing in telecommunications, medical imaging, and commercial software production programmer/analysts for the banking, insurance, manufacturing, information, animation, and computer games industries designers in e-commerce and other web-based industries network, distributed systems, security, and database management experts, and as software and systems consultants. in the government sector or any industry where simulations and/or data organizations as well as access are required. entertainment, gaming and movie industries. Honors graduates may pursue MSc or PhD degrees which are in high demand in industry and university. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Computer Science $ $ $ $ Information Systems $ The following Minor modules are open to those completing the Specialization in Computer Science module. Applications of Computer Science $ Computer Algebra $ Game Development $ Software Engineering $ Theoretical Computer Science $ Interdisciplinary Module Bioinformatics (Computer Science Concentration) $ Concurrent Degree (5 or 6 years) Concurrent Degree (6 years) Engineering and Computer Science Honors BSc in Computer Science and an LLB in Law 23

24 Mathematical and Computational Sciences Department of Mathematics Careers in Mathematics: A wide range of employment opportunities awaits graduates with a mathematics background. Opportunities include: computer software development, librarianship, technical sales and service work, actuarial science (the mathematics of insurance), financial analysis, marketing research, risk management and underwriting. Also many Mathematics graduates enter professional programs, including Business, Law, Medicine, Dentistry, or Teaching. Many move on to MSc and/or PhD programs which lead to university or college teaching and research careers. What is Mathematics? All first-year students enrolled in a science program at Western gain a basic understanding of the backbone of science through at least one course in mathematics. Mathematics involves the creation and study of abstract structures which appear in all forms of scientific inquiry. The First Year of a Mathematics Degree A student who wishes to acquire a module in Mathematics at Western would normally take Calculus as well as Linear Algebra. Also, there is a first year Mathematics course in which the emphasis is on proving theorems. Students interested in combining Mathematics with another subject area should include a course in that subject in first year. Special Features of Mathematics at Western The Department of Mathematics invites its best undergraduate students to join the Mathematics Scholars Group (MSG). The Group provides an intimate and thought-provoking environment to creatively engage students of Mathematics at all levels of their undergraduate careers. Students in the MSG have access to a study room, which has several computers for their use. For these students, the Mathematics Department has organized a lecture series (the Pizza Seminars ) which involve informal talks, some given by faculty members about their research interests. Students in the MSG have ready access to faculty mentors, with the possibility of creating individual programs in Mathematics. Students in the MSG are recruited as ambassadors for the Department of Mathematics at the Open Houses given by the Faculty of Science. The Mathematics Scholars Group is a natural destination for prospective employers. Regular presentations are given to the group by corporate recruiters and members of Western-based placement agencies. The importance of the group was recently recognized with a software donation by Microsoft. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Mathematics $ $ $ $ Mathematics in Society $ $ Mathematical Sciences 1 $ Concurrent Degree (5 years) 1 Offered jointly with the Department of Applied Mathematics Concurrent Mathematics and Education Program - BSc/BEd 24 Science at Western 2010

25 Mathematical and Computational Sciences Department of Statistical & Actuarial Sciences What is Statistics? Statistics deals with the collection, analysis and interpretation of data using probability and other mathematical tools. It also deals with the development of mathematical and random models for phenomena in everyday life. Statistical methods are used in engineering, financial management, insurance, marketing, medicine, politics, science, social science and many other fields. What is Actuarial Science? Actuarial science is the study of models and methods used in the analysis and management of financial risk. An actuary is a business professional who applies his/her knowledge of mathematics, probability and statistics to financial problems involving future uncertainty. Together with applied math, financial modelling modules, which prepare students for careers in banking and finance, are also offered. The First Year of a Statistical/ Actuarial Sciences/Financial Modelling Degree Students considering a program in these fields should take the relevant courses in Calculus and Linear Algebra. Relevant courses in economics are required for students considering a program in Actuarial Science and recommended for students considering a program in Financial Modelling. Special Features of Statistical & Actuarial Sciences Programs The Actuarial and Statistical Undergraduate Association (ASUA) offers instructive material and seminars for statistics, actuarial and financial modelling students, along with social events. Graduate Studies within the department are made up of one-year MSc and PhD programs with concentration in the areas of Statistics, Actuarial Science and Financial Modelling. Students have also the opportunity to pursue a collaborative program in Biostatistics, which is jointly offered with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Professional Qualification can be pursued by Actuarial Science students. Our course offerings provide materials tested in the set of exams administered by the Society of Actuaries (SOA). Passing the SOA exams leads to the professional designation of Associate of the Society of Actuaries (ASA) and Fellow of the Society of Actuaries (FSA). Careers in Statistical & Actuarial Sciences: Career opportunities for graduates in statistics can be found in government agencies (such as Statistics Canada), the pharmaceutical industry, and many other types of businesses and companies. Graduates in Actuarial Science and Financial Modelling are often employed by life or casualty insurance companies, pension and employee benefit consulting firms, government agencies, investment banks, hedge funds, credit rating agencies, and other financial institutions. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Actuarial Science $ $ Financial Modelling 1 $ $ Statistics $ $ 1 Offered jointly with the Applied Mathematics Department. 25

26 Physical Sciences The physical sciences at Western are taught through the Departments of Chemistry, Earth Sciences and Physics & Astronomy. These disciplines study the interplay of matter and energy and how they affect our daily lives. Research interests range from nanotechnology to astrophysics. For more information: Studying the properties of atoms; probing the depths of space, time and matter; exploring the composition of the Earth, planets and stars... this is all part of studying the physical sciences. Western offers you the opportunity to deepen your knowledge and expand your skills with a variety of modules. Pursue topics as varied as a Minor in Advanced Chemistry or a Specialization in Geology to an Honors Specialization in Astrophysics. You can also take advantage of interdisciplinary modules such as ecosystem health offered by Biology and Environmetal Science. Researchers working in each of the physical sciences have earned numerous awards including three appointments to the Order of Canada and thirteen fellows of the Royal Society of Canada. At the same time these intructors are able to communicate that knowledge in ways that students can understand. The success of this approach speaks for itself. The Ontario College and Universities Faculty Association has awarded a total of twelve awards for undergraduate teaching and thirteen professors have earned Western s highest teaching accolade, The Edward Pleva Award. Western s knowledgeable and dedicated faculty and staff make the most of providing hands-on experience to accompany theory. Whether it s taking part in an Earth Science field trip to Whitefish Falls or conducting Physics experiments in our expanding undergraduate laboratory facilities, Western is committed to maintaining the best student experience. Testimonial: Mark Gooyers, Honors Specialization Physics and Materials Science 2009 I have had a very positive experience with Western s Faculty of Science. At first, I was a little hesitant about entering a Faculty of this size. I did not want to be just another number at a very large school, simply getting a generic degree. However, after starting my first year classes, I quickly realized that this was not going to be a problem. The professors in the Faculty of Science are excellent. They took their time to make sure that everyone understood the material and were always willing to spend that extra time if a student was struggling. I have taken both large and small classes and found the quality of teaching and the professors concern for the progress of the students to be the same regardless of class size or year. Additionally, the module system at Western allows you to customize your degree so that you can take courses that interest you and give you the tools needed to go into the area of choice. For me, one major feature of the Faculty of Science is the ability to get involved outside of the classroom. Whether you want to get involved in student government, outreach or to do research with a professor, the Faculty of Science has many opportunities in all of these areas. I would not hesitate to recommend the Faculty of Science at Western to anyone. It provides a rewarding and enriching experience and education. 26 Science at Western 2010

27 Physical Sciences Department of Chemistry What is Chemistry? Chemistry is the study of the elemental composition, structure, properties and reactivity of atoms and molecules. From the simplest gaseous element to complex structures such as proteins, chemistry impacts all aspects of every day life. A chemist strives to understand and control fundamental structure-property relationships of molecules to develop new materials for applications in areas such as life and health sciences, pharmaceuticals, nanoscience and electronics, next generation environmental initiatives including fuel cells and solar panel technology. The First Year of a Chemistry Degree The first year Chemistry course covers fundamental aspects including periodic properties, acid/base chemistry,molecular structure, redox processes, and introductory organic and inorganic chemistry in the framework of their importance in all sciences. The laboratory component teaches practical skills related to the lectures. Alternating with the laboratory, tutorials offer an opportunity for students to apply lecture material to develop problem solving skills in an atmosphere that encourages discussion. Anyone planning to study chemistry must also take the appropriate first year courses in Calculus and Physics. These courses provide skills that are an integral part of chemistry. The material and skills developed in the first year of a Chemistry degree provide the basis for future areas of specialization including nano- and biotechnology, materials science, pharmaceutical chemistry, environmental chemistry, and computational studies. Special Features of Chemistry Programs The modules offered are designed to provide a foundation on the major themes in modern chemistry. This foundation allows for advanced studies and provides broad skills required of chemists in any profession. The importance of this foundation is emphasized by the fact that students in the Major, Specialization and Honors Specialization programs take the same courses in the first three years of study, allowing ease of transition between these modules. The Specialization modules also provide flexibility for students to focus on specific areas of individual interest and students have the option to register in more focussed Advanced Minor modules. A highlight of our program is that every student in either an Honors Specialization or the Specialization modules completes an independent research project in their final year, supervised by a faculty member in their laboratory. This course allows a student to utilize the laboratory and critical thinking skills developed earlier in the program towards frontier research goals. The course culminates with a thesis and oral presentation of their findings in a conference based format. Careers in Chemistry: In addition to the option of entering the professional areas such as Law, Medicine, Business and Teaching, the options for a Chemistry graduate include research in government or industrial laboratories, process development and control work; detection and characterization of trace substances; technical sales and service work; university teaching and research. Chemistry is indeed a central science and the range of opportunities for graduates is correspondingly wide. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Chemistry $ $ $ $ The following Minor modules are open to those completing Honors Specialization in Chemistry, Specialization in Chemistry or Honors Specialization in Biochemistry and Chemistry. Advanced Chemistry $ Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry $ Inorganic and Organic Chemistry $ Materials Chemistry $ Physical, Theoretical and Analytical Chemistry $ Interdisciplinary Module Biochemistry and Chemistry $ 27

28 Physical Sciences Department of Earth Sciences What is Earth Science? Earth Sciences (Geology, Geophysics, Environmental Geoscience) is the study of the history, structure and dynamics of planet Earth. Studies in Earth Sciences include: the origin of the Earth and its evolution; the nature of minerals and rocks; volcanoes and earthquakes; the origin of the oceans, atmosphere and changing climate; the origin and evolution of life; plate tectonics and the drift of the continents; the creation of mineral, oil and gas deposits and methods of exploration; the movement of groundwater and contaminants. The First Year of an Earth Sciences Degree Students must take a complete first year (5.0 courses). Those students who wish to study Geology must take 2.0 courses from Chemistry, Physics or Biology; 1.0 course in Mathematics and a 0.5 course in Earth Sciences are recommended. Those students who are considering Geophysics must take Physics and Calculus and 1.0 other Science course from a list. Students interested in the Professional Geology, Professional Environmental Geoscience, or Professional Geophysics Programs have additional requirements. For modules in Geology and Biology or Environmental Geoscience, students are required to include Chemistry and Biology. Careers in Earth Sciences: Careers in Earth Science are enormously diverse, ranging from work in high-tech industrial research laboratories to field studies in some of the most remote areas of the World. Careers include exploration and development projects in the petroleum industry, metal and industrial mineral exploration; evaluating resources and their sustainability for both private companies and federal agencies; studying natural hazards; consulting with commodity brokers to evaluate investment opportunities; working with consulting companies, municipalities and the provinces in managing water resources and remediating contaminated sites. There is a major shortfall in the number of geoscientists worldwide. Job prospects are particularly good for Professional Geoscientists (new Professional Programs were introduced in 2009). Graduates with a major or minor often intend to proceed to a career in teaching, or pair the degree with a program in Business or Law. Professional Degree Programs 1 Professional Geology Program Professional Environmental Geoscience Program Professional Geophysics Program 1 Programs fulfill requirements for professional registration as set by the Association of Professional Geoscientists of Ontario (APGO) and the Canadian Council of Professional Geoscientists (CCPG). Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Geology $ $ Geophysics $ $ $ 2 Earth and Planetary Sciences $ $ Advanced Earth and Planetary Sciences $ Interdisciplinary Module Geology and Biology $ $ Environmental Geoscience 3 $ $ 2 This Minor is recommended for Physics & Astronomy, Applied Mathematics and Computer Science Majors. 3 Offered jointly by the Environmental Science program and the Department of Earth Sciences. 28 Science at Western 2010

29 Physical Sciences Department of Physics & Astronomy program, and trains confident speakers and presenters of complex material. In their final year, students have the opportunity to synthesize their experience by undertaking a significant research project with a faculty member. Every summer there is financial support for many undergraduate students to participate in research activities. What is Physics? Physics is the study of nature at its deepest level. Physicists construct the framework for building solutions to problems in the real world. What do studies of atoms tell us about the composition and internal dynamics of stars? Do human activities contribute to global warming? Can we design nano-machines to carry out repairs to ourselves? Physical principles underlie all of the other sciences. What is Astronomy? Astronomers seek to understand the nature of the universe and its constituents. Astronomers collect observations using a variety of wavelengths of light, including those that cannot be seen, such as X-rays and radio waves. Astronomers also employ largescale computer simulations in order to test and further their understanding of astronomical objects. The First Year of a Physics or Astronomy Degree Students may enter our programs by taking a number of introductory Physics courses. In addition, students must take Calculus or Applied Mathematics. Special Features in Physics & Astronomy Honors Specialization students become expert in the great theories of physics: classical and quantum mechanics, electromagnetism, relativity, thermodynamics, atomic and nuclear physics. This develops the skills, highly prized by employers, of breaking down problems into small tractable chunks, keeping the essentials and ignoring the insignificant. A student will develop expertise in computing, experiments and theory. A seminar course brings together students in all years of the Physics Careers in Physics & Astronomy: Physics and Astronomy students develop skills in mathematics, computer simulation, and the tools and techniques of high technology. Graduates of the Astronomy program are employed worldwide in fields as diverse as teaching, science journalism and finance. Physics graduates are employed in pure and applied research, and teaching. Research areas include rapidly evolving fields such as medical imaging, microelectronics, weather nowcasting and climate prediction, telecommunications and information networks, computer technology, optoelectronics, atmospheric ozone depletion, advanced materials and manufacturing, nanotechnology, and the effects of global warming on society. All our students are well prepared to enter graduate school to become professionals in their chosen field. Over 97% of physicists are employed. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Physics $ $ $ $ Astrophysics $ $ $ Medical Physics $ $ $ Conceptual Astronomy $ Advanced Physics 1 $ Physics of Materials 2 $ Interdisciplinary Module Materials Science $ $ $ $ Medical Biophysics (Physical Science Concentration) $ Planetary Science $ $ $ $ 1 Open to students who complete an Honors Specialization or Specialization in Physics, Astrophysics or Medical Physics. 2 Open to students who will complete an Honors Specialization or Specialization in Physics. 29

30 Interdisciplinary Studies The swift pace of scientific research has inspired Western to expand its interdisciplinary approach to the pursuit of knowledge. Western Science has developed interdepartmental programs that combine the resources and interests of different departments to meet student needs. For more information: Today there are areas of research that simply didn t exist a few years ago. Expanding areas such as the legal implications of computer science, the renewed interest in environmental problems or the burgeoning area of nanotechnology demand new perspectives and multiple viewpoints. Fields such as materials science require an interdisciplinary approach that combines aspects of chemistry, physics and earth sciences. Western provides a foundation in each of these knowledge bases and incorporates the practical ability for you to build your talents across departments. The options range from Honors Specializations in Bioinformatics, offered jointly by the Departments of Computer Science and Biochemistry, to disciplines such as Environmental Science or Planetary Science. Students also have the opportunity to study modules in Medical Physics or to take the many combined and concurrent degrees across different faculties. Western gives you the tools to craft a degree to your skills and talents. Testimonial: Annemarie Pickersgill Honors Specialization Planetary Science 2011 My first two years at Western have been enriching in so many ways. The module program has allowed me to build my own degree and really sit in the drivers seat of my education. It s giving me the freedom to choose the courses I want to take, ensuring that I am really interested in and enthusiastic about the subject matter. What has really made my experience here so wonderful though is the contagious enthusiasm and overwhelming support from faculty and staff members. Within the first week of classes I could already tell that these were people willing to go above and beyond to ensure that each and every student felt welcomed and capable of achieving whatever they set their mind to. It goes far beyond the average student experience when your TAs and profs take time out of their own busy schedules to give you that extra bit of help, show you the on-campus observatory, or arrange mineral-hunting field trips just for fun! In my home departments of Physics & Astronomy and Earth Science I have never felt like just a number. Everyone is always more than willing to go out of their way to help, and the professors make the effort to learn their students names, even in the extra large classes. Most importantly there is a heavy emphasis on developing practical skills and techniques in addition to the strong theory base that is provided. Profs and TAs will take the time to explain, and show if possible, exactly what the practical real-world application of what you re learning is. All of these factors come together in Western Science to ensure that the student experience goes well beyond classroom learning and is both intellectually and socially stimulating. 30 Science at Western 2010

31 Interdisciplinary Studies Environmental Science Studying the Environment: the choice is yours At Western, numerous programs are offered to provide environmental education from different faculties. Environmental Science is a discipline within the Faculty of Science; B.Sc. degrees having Environmental Science as Honors Specialization, Specialization, Major or Minor modules all are available. B.Sc. degrees are also offered in Environmental Geoscience in cooperation with the Earth Science department, and in Ecosystem Health at the Major level by the Biology department (see Table below). The Faculty of Engineering provides Environmental specialties within their Civil and Biochemical Engineering programs (see also Concurrent Degrees below) and a new program in Green Engineering. The Faculty of Social Science offers a Minor in Environment and Culture in Anthropology as a component of a B.A. degree. What is Environmental Science? In the undergraduate Environmental Science modules, thorough education in the theory and practice of science is provided pertaining to human concerns in the environment at spatial scales from microns to the Earth as a whole, and at temporal scales from milliseconds to millennia. Emphasis is placed on understanding the scientific basis underlying environmental problems and their potential solution. The First Year of an Environmental Science Module As in the first-year program for Biology and Medical Sciences, first year Biology, Chemistry and Mathematics courses are essential for any of the Environmental Science modules. Students also take a half course in environmental science from a variety of options offered by Earth Sciences, Environmental Science, and Geography. (Students who have graduated from the Environmental Technology Program at Fanshawe College can obtain credit for a number of first year and some senior courses in the program.) Modules in Environmental Science The modules all contain interdisciplinary components from Chemistry, Biology, Statistics, Earth Sciences, Geography and Environmental Science. In addition, you choose courses in topics that interest you from several different areas: Environmental Life Sciences: Biology, Biogeography, Pharmacology, and Microbiology & Immunology. Environmental Physical Sciences: Earth Sciences, Physical Geography, Physics, and Engineering. Environmental Philosophy, Policy, Social and Political Science: Political Science, Philosophy, Geography, History and Sociology. Students who have graduated with a B.Sc. degree containing the appropriate Environmental Sciences modules are eligible to enter Fanshawe College to earn a Diploma in Environmental Technology in one year. Concurrent Degrees In five-year programs that combine Environmental Science with either Biochemical / Environmental Engineering or with Civil/Environmental Engineering, students graduate with a four-year BESc and a three-year BSc. degree. The Faculty of Engineering is the home of this joint program. Careers in Environmental Science: Opportunities exist in both the government and private sectors in the fields of Alternative Energy Development, Aquaculture, Conservation Biology, Ecotourism, Environmental Law and Advocacy, Environmental Communications, Environmental Monitoring, Forestry, Glaciology, Hazardous Materials Management, Pollution Control Technology, Remediation Soil Conservation, Waste Management and Wildlife Biology. For more information about careers in Environmental Science, log onto Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Ecosystem Health 1 $ Environmental Geoscience 2 $ $ $ Environmental Science $ $ $ $ 1 This module is offered jointly by the Department of Biology and the Environmental Science program. 2 These modules are offered jointly by the Department of Earth Sciences and the Environmental Science program. 31

32 Interdisciplinary Studies Materials Science What is Materials Science? Take a moment to look around you. Unless you are reading this booklet deep in the forest, your surroundings are likely filled with manmade materials and even then, you probably brought your kevlar canoe for travel, your high-tech GPS system for navigation, and your polyester tent to protect you from the elements. Since before recorded history, humans have manipulated natural materials and created new materials to meet their needs. In fact, historical periods are named for the materials in use: the stone age, the bronze age, etc. The present time could be referred to as the silicon age. Materials Science is the study of substances as the ingredients from which we make things. This encompasses natural products such as rock, an Earth material, and wood, a biomaterial (both often modified to improve their properties), structural materials (including iron and concrete, but also modern synthetic materials such as aerospace alloys and polymer/ nanoparticle composites), and optoelectronic materials (the display and circuitry in your ipod, for instance). Modern society relies on materials, and many of our efforts to decrease energy consumption and carbon emissions are centred on improved materials design. The Materials Science modules at Western have the goal of providing students with the scientific tools needed to design the materials of tomorrow. Because of the vast array of concepts involved, these modules are offered as a partnership between the Departments of Physics & Astronomy, Chemistry and Earth Sciences. Students in Specialization and Honors Specialization modules receive a broad education in the physical sciences with an emphasis on applications to materials science, while a Major or Minor is an excellent way to round out a degree in another discipline. Many students in Materials Science modules are employed by research groups during the summer, providing opportunities to apply their knowledge, receive training in research instruments such as X-ray diffractometers and atomicforce microscopes, synthesize materials in high pressure and temperature apparatus, and design devices in the Western Nanofabrication Facility. The First Year of a Materials Science Module The first-year requirements in a materials science module consist of Physics, Chemistry, and Calculus. Careers in Materials Science: An Honors Specialization in Materials Science can lead to graduate study in Materials Science and Engineering, or in a more traditional field, such as Chemistry, Earth Sciences, or Physics. You might instead pursue an industrial career with a company that manufactures artificial heart valves, computer displays, solar cells, or aerospace alloys. The broad scientific education provided by these modules can also be valuable in teaching or business. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Materials Science $ $ $ $ 32 Science at Western 2010

33 Interdisciplinary Studies Planetary Science What is Planetary Science? Planetary Science is the study of the gaseous, rocky and icy bodies of the solar system and the processes by which planetary systems and their bodies form and evolve. The investigative methods of Biology, Geology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Geography and Environmental Science are used in the study of planetary atmospheres, surfaces and interiors, as well as in the origin and evolution of Earth and its relation to possible life elsewhere. Somewhere in a star-forming region of our galaxy nearly five billion years ago, the solar system formed. Planetary Science studies how this happened, leading to a better understanding of the processes that shaped the Earth and other planets. See how complex systems, such as the atmospheric dynamics that lead to the ordered non-equilibrium of the Great Red Spot on Jupiter, can arise from simple laws in Chemistry and Physics. Learn how to extrapolate the data of the solar system s past and present to understand climate change and explore a sustainable future. The Planetary Science modules are offered jointly by the Departments of Physics & Astronomy and Earth Sciences. Courses cover topics ranging from the history of planetary exploration and geology of planetary surfaces to analyzing the surface processes of bodies in the solar system. Methods involve image processing and mapping along with a solid backing in astronomy and geology. The modules offer courses with considerable breadth, taught in an environment that gives you the opportunity to get to know other students, professors and teaching assistants. Since this is Planetary Science, there are opportunities to participate in field trips to accompany theory with the possibility of summer research work. Western s growing expertise in these studies has helped create the Centre for Planetary Science and Exploration (CPSX) as well as the Canadian Lunar Research Network (CLRN). The extensive work being done in these dynamic research environments makes Western the focus for planetary science and exploration research in Canada. The CLRN is the first NASA Lunar Science Institute affiliate outside of the United States. The First Year of a Planetary Science Module The first-year requirements for Planetary Sciences is a complete first year (5.0 courses) that includes the appropriate courses in Physics and Calculus. Careers in Planetary Science: The career options are wide ranging. You may continue research in the field as a planetary scientist or more specifically as an atmospheric/ocean scientist. Alternatively, the program can provide you with the academic backing to pursue a career as an astronaut. The expertise you develop can also be applied to such fields as remote sensing, computer programming or as an environmental engineer/ technician. The interdisciplinary nature of the modules provides the broad background to enter teaching or business. Module Honors Specialization Specialization Major Minor Planetary Science $ $ $ $ 33

34 Interdisciplinary Studies Degrees and Programs Animal Behaviour is offered jointly by the Departments of Biology and Psychology. This module takes a scientific approach to understanding what an animal (including a human) does and why it does it. Behaviours are complex and involve both genetic and environmental inputs. This module explores behaviours at both the proximate and ultimate levels of analysis. Biochemistry and Chemistry is a joint module for those students who are interested in the molecular aspects of biology and/or the biological aspects of chemistry. Bioinformatics provides methods that are essential to sort and analyze the large masses of biological data generated through genomic and proteomic studies. This burgeoning field requires knowledge in biochemistry, computer science and mathematics. Biology and Geology modules focus on evolution in the past and present. Courses from Earth Sciences examine evolution and extinction from a paleontological point of view and cover the history of life on Earth. The Biology courses address the mechanics of evolution. Combined Honors BSc in Computer Science and LLB in Law Program: Computing and communications technologies advance more quickly than the laws that govern them. Graduates from this course of study will have strong technical knowledge to complement studies in privacy, security, communications and intellectual property laws. The program contains a combination of computer science and, after passing the LSAT, law courses. Students then graduate with an Honors BSc in Computer Science and an LLB in six years, rather than seven. Health Sciences with Biology: Students who are interested in both the core Biological Science and Health Sciences courses at the honors level may combine these fields in a structured program. Concurrent Mathematics and Education Program - BSc/BEd ia five-year program offered jointly by the Faculty of Science and the Faculty of Education. 34 The program provides a broadly based education in mathematical sciences with the required courses to provide the BSc plus a Bachelor of Education. Concurrent BESc in Engineering and BSc in Applied Mathematics:Usually a BESc degree is a four year program while a BSc with a Major in Applied Mathematics takes three years. However, as some courses can be counted towards both degrees, this concurrent program allows students to graduate with two degrees in five years. Concurrent BESc in Engineering and BSc in Computer Science: More and more, engineers apply computation tools, ranging from PC s to supercomputers, in all facets of design and analysis. To prepare students for work with hardware as well as software problems, engineering students can study for a concurrent degree in Computer Science. Environmental Geoscience: As our awareness of human interactions with the environment increases, our need for better understanding of the way the earth works becomes more urgent. These modules provide grounding in Earth Sciences for the study of the environment and assessment of natural hazards, as well as encompassing the concept of sustainability. Courses within these modules draw upon ideas from economics, geography, biology, and political science. Financial Modelling modules combine a solid quantitative grounding, mainly in applied mathematics and statistical sciences with some exposure to actuarial sciences. These modules equip students with strong analytical skills and modern quantitative tools that they can apply in pursuing careers in business and the financial industry. Genetics and Biochemistry This module examines the concepts that have shaped modern molecular biology. Topics range from the elucidation of DNA to gene structure, to evolutionary histories to the proteins used by an organism. Honors BMSc, Honors BHSc or Honors BSc and Honors Business Administration are five-year programs for exceptional students who wish to be effective administrators in the fields of medical sciences, health sciences and actuarial sciences and the financial sector or for students interested in the business world and a growing science-based economy. These programs combine an Honors Specialization with an HBA from the Ivey School of Business. Major in Ecosystem Health explores the relationships between ecosystem and human health and our global environment. The courses draw upon the expertise from the Departments of Biology, Geography and Political Science. Students will be exposed to experimental and theoretical approaches to ecosystem health as well as to the economic factors and the policies that impact how humans interact with their environment. Medical Biophysics emphasizes mathematical and physical principles to study biological phemonena such as blood flow mechanics, or develop applications used in medicine such as medical imaging or orthopedic biomechanics. Physiology and Psychology combines the best features of cognitive science with medical science. This module is designed for those students interested in pursuing a career or graduate degree in Neuroscience. Science at Western 2010

35 Come Visit Us! For more information about Science Outreach programs: Web: Telephone: To book a tour: Web: Telephone: See you soon! It isn t too early to get to know Western through our extensive outreach programs. These opportunities range from simple visits and tours to hands-on laboratory demonstrations. For those who have selected Western as one of their choices for higher education, we offer a residence experience. Come to an open house in the Fall or during March Break. Western makes the most of these important, yet informal opportunities for parents and students to visit and learn more about our programs and the campus as a whole. Visitors can gain an appreciation of what life is like as a student through an orientation session with the Deans and representatives of various programs. A student panel discussion follows along with the opportunity to meet professors as well as graduate and undergraduate students while touring departmental displays. You, your family and friends can also benefit from a guided tour of the campus, its faculties and its residences. This service is available throughout the summer until late August. The tour can be tailored to your interests and you can get a sense of what facilities and services exist on campus for all students. Please book your tour in advance so that we can be prepared for your arrival. Western s Secondary School Outreach Programs: Preview Western Science Mathematics Challenge (contest preparation) Mathematics Camp Mentorship Programs Fall Preview Day (November 21, 2009) Co-op Placements Interactions (by invitation only) Science Olympics London District Science Fair March Break Open House (March 13, 2010) General Workshops/Lectures If you have any questions concerning any of these events, contact the Science Dean s Office Western Science Centre Room 191,London, ON N6A 5B7 Canada Additional Web Resources: Summer Academic Orientation: Centre for New Students: Exchange Programs: 08/20/09 35

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