1 APRIL 9, nisan, 5775 $ PAGEs Inside Jews in Jail Iran nuclear deal: what does it mean for Israel? Obama and Netanyahu differ on whether region will be more or less secure. PAGES 27, 28, 29, 30 Canadian prisons are home to some 200 Jews. From kosher food to prayer services and religious counselling, a small, but dedicated group of rabbis are ensuring their needs aren t forgotten. PAGE 8 Ottawa shul heads uptown End of an era as downtown synagogue marches its orahs to the suburbs. PAGE 23 Campaign aims to cancel rally No charges for the Dawgfather Filmmaker stays out of the picture Pesach Yizkor Candlelighting, havdalah times B nai Brith starts online petition against annual Al-Quds Day demo at Queen s Park. PAGE 16 Police say hot dog vendor s tweets weren t hate crimes. PAGE 20 Igal Hecht is fascinated by Israel and Judaism, but he keeps his views to himself. PAGE 31 Halifax 7:34 p.m. 8:40 p.m. Montreal 7:15 p.m. 8:21 p.m. Ottawa 7:24 p.m. 8:30 p.m. oronto 7:36 p.m. 8:41 p.m. Winnipeg 7:56 p.m. 9:07 p.m. Calgary 8:05 p.m. 9:18 p.m. Vancouver 7:39 p.m. 8:49 p.m. ORONO HEARE SARS HERE
2 2 rending HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS Nenshi buys bread, and Noah learns a lesson about witter Chametz fit for a mayor In what s believed to be a first for a Canadian mayor, Calgary s Naheed Nenshi bought the chametz from members of a shul in his city. Rabbi Shaul Osadchey of Beth zedec Congregation approached the country s first big-city Muslim mayor with the idea at a recent interfaith event, the Calgary Herald reported. About 40 families in the 600-member Conservative synagogue had sold their chametz by March 30. he rabbi said the aim was to get more of them to take part than the 20 who normally do so annually. he chubby-cheeked Nenshi joked he was disappointed he wouldn t get to take possession of the food. I was hoping to fill the entire office with bread and pasta. Comic s tweets haunt him Inside today s edition Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi wo Jewish groups expressed concerns over tweets about Jews and Israel by revor Noah, 31, the South African comic chosen to succeed Jon Stewart as host of he Daily Show. he Anti-Defamation League and B nai Brith both urged Noah to avoid making distasteful jokes with Jewish stereotypes on the show. After being named host March 30 by Comedy Central, Noah came under fire for past tweets about women, Jews, and Israel, including one from 2010 that read South Africans know how to recycle like Israel knows how to be peaceful. Comedy Central said it was unfair to judge Noah based on a few jokes, and Noah himself tweeted: o reduce my views to a handful of jokes that didn t land is not a true reflection of my character, nor my evolution as a comedian. Anne Frank died earlier than thought Anne Frank died of typhus in Bergen-Belsen earlier than previously believed, say researchers who looked into the last months of the teenage diarist and her sister and concluded they died some time in February 1945, not March he Anne Frank House in Amsterdam made the claim March 31, the 70th anniversary of the official date of the sisters deaths set by Dutch authorities after the war. he researchers used archives of the Red Cross, the International racing Service and the Bergen-Belsen Memorial, as well as eyewitness survivor testimonies. n Gematria 40 he Boca Raton Synagogue in Boca Raton, Fla., has set a world record for the world s largest tallit, which is 40 times larger than a standard prayer shawl. $108,000 he value of a Russian-based Genesis Philanthropy Group s grant to Danish Jews to increase security at Jewish sites in the wake of February s shul attack in Copenhagen. Quotable Ukrainian Jews are part of the Ukrainian political nation. Josef Zissels, Kyiv-based vice-president of the World Jewish Congress. See page 42. Rabbi2Rabbi 4 Perspectives 7 Cover Story 8 Comment 10 News 12 International 27 Jewish Life 31 What s New 36 Social Scene 38 Parshah 39 Q&A 42 Backstory 43 Exclusive to CJNEWS.com Columnist Mark Mietkiewicz takes a look at Holocaust humour in Jewish & Digital. Cover phoo by shuersock Steeles Memorial Chapel Current Listing of Funerals Listing of Cemeteries and Maps of Sections Yahrzeit Calculator for Civil & Hebrew dates Kaddish exts Educational Information about Shiva - Unveiling - After-Care - Prayers - Jewish Burial Rites Jewish Holiday Dates 350 Steeles Ave. W Serving the Jewish Community since Large inventory of top quality Granite Monuments in our own North York factory Single Stones from $750 Monuments Available Within 1 Week Cemetery Lettering and Restoration SERVING HE JEWISH COMMUNIY FOR MANY YEARS NEW ADDRESS 80 MARIN ROSS AVE. DOWNSVIEW Do you have a Financial Plan? It is difficult to reach your financial goals if you do not know what they are. Let us help you take the confusion out of planning for your Financial Future. Call Sonny Goldstein Certified Financial Planner Highest Quotes on RRIFs, etc. Creative Ideas in Financial Planning
3 HE CANADIAN JEWISH NEWS 3 Letters to the Editor he importance of dialogue Allow me, with great respect, to react to Rabbi N. Daniel Korobkin, who, in his March 26 exchange with Rabbi Lisa Grushcow, ( he value of interfaith dialogue ) is skeptical, indeed negative, about interreligious dialogue. What is the fundamental Jewish objective in Christian-Jewish dialogue? o counteract anti-semitism. Period. Everything else is secondary, a means to that end. Dialogue helped bring about the Second Vatican Council, which abolished Catholic teaching and preaching of anti-semitism. Dialogue was instrumental in moving the Carmelite convent, with its conspicuous cross, away from Auschwitz. Dialogue includes Holocaust education. For close to 40 years, we have prevailed on Christian churches, of many denominations, to devote a regular Sunday service to commemorating the Shoah. If I, and Holocaust survivors, were unable to set foot in a church, how would we carry out that education? Dialogue also allows us to defend the State of Israel. We are not always successful, but no other Canadian church has followed the lead of the United Church [which endorsed a boycott on goods produced in the West Bank]. We had 19-1/2 centuries of anti-semitism. We have had close to 70 years of dialogue, and at least here in Canada, although anti-semitism has not completely disappeared, it is no longer the mainstream, pervasive, discriminatory phenomenon it was before World War II. his fall, the Christian-Jewish Dialogue of Montreal will be holding a conference to mark the 50th anniversary of the Second Vatican Council. Dialogue is a major asset to the Jewish community. Victor C. Goldbloom Montreal ories also aided refugees he column Canada failed the Pusama family by Bernie Farber (March 26) deals with a human tragedy, indeed. It may well be that government inaction is to blame. Nevertheless, Farber should refrain from contorting that unhappy episode into a political party advertisement. I have never been a member of any political party. However, I recall, with great pain, successive Liberal governments that practised what Farber now characterizes as no mercy and cruelty in rejecting, consistently, my pleas, on behalf of Canadian Jewish Congress, to provide temporary sanctuary to specific Jews trapped, along with 4,500 of their fellow co-religionists, in their own country of Syria. No amount of pleading, in letters and in face-to-face meetings with ministers and government officials, ever resulted in a positive response. All I was able to get were statements that they were monitoring the situation in that country, which was a Jewish prison. Only when there were Conservative governments in office was I able to get minister s permits for Jewish refugees. In addition, ministers such as Ron Atkey and Barbara McDougall went out of their way to assist in the endeavour to free Syrian Jewry. Judy Feld Carr oronto A recipe for school growth Contrary to the report, Jewish high schools struggle with enrolment, (March 26), I am very proud to say that Montreal s Herzliah High School has been experiencing a very real increase in enrolment over the last three years. For this current, as well as for the coming academic year, our classes at all levels are full to capacity. With this good news though, there are specific directions that Jewish schools should consider to reignite the passion for Jewish education in our community. First, it is essential to ensure that classroom education is on trend with cutting-edge pedagogic practices. Combined with this, Jewish schools should be accredited by the Canadian Association of Independent Schools. his process requires a deep introspection in pedagogy, governance, financial management, fundraising and more. Equally important, boards of directors should be constantly seeking ways for schools to demonstrate to the community the value in attending a Jewish high school. Finally, elementary schools must be advocating to their parents the many benefits of a Jewish high school, as we know that Jewish identity-building and Israel advocacy can best be accomplished in a Jewish secondary school environment. Lawrence Kutler, Head of School almud orah-herzliah Montreal Letters to the editor are welcome if they are brief and in English or French. Mail letters to our address or to We reserve the right to edit and condense letters, which must bear the sender s name, address and phone number. 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4 4 HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS RAbbI 2 RAbbI Partners in our own redemption Is the lesson of the Exodus that God will do all the heavy lifting for us or that we must show initiative, courage and faith before God will act? RAbbI YAEL SPLANSKY holy Blossom emple, orono RAbbI MARK FISHMAN Congregaion Beh ikvah, monreal Rabbi Splansky: Our Sages teach that we should wear out our lips by saying the word dayeinu, which means it would have been enough for us (Leviticus Rabbah 35:12). he most famous example of that effort is the song written more than 1,100 years ago that we sing at the seder. No less than 15 stanzas drive home the point: If God had brought the plagues upon the Egyptians, but had not given us their wealth, dayeinu! If God had split the sea for us, but did not bring us through it onto dry land, dayeinu! Rabbi Fishman: Classically understood, Dayeinu is a chance to keep asking for more while saying thank you. But perhaps we could look at the song from a new perspective maybe the words actually mean what they say. So underserved were the Hebrew slaves that had God done nothing more for them than take them out of Egypt, it would have sufficed. With each stanza, then, we are left feeling overwhelmed by gratitude to a greater power that keeps going above and beyond. After a while, however, we realize that the greater the gift, the greater the dependency. Rabbi Splansky: he 14th-century Spanish commentator Abudarham asks if we really mean what we say when we say dayeinu. Would it really have been enough if God had brought us to Mount Sinai, but not given us the orah? Would it really have been enough if God had brought us out of Egypt, but not into the land of Israel? On its surface Dayeinu is a pile-on of gratitude, but underneath may be the implied request for more. We can t help but want more from God s outstretched and open hand. We praise the Creator of the fruit of the vine and we drink deep from the four cups, but our story isn t complete until Eliyahu drinks from his cup, too. Ours is an insatiable desire that human history will yet give way to complete redemption. Rabbi Fishman: What our Sages are most wary about is an omnipotent God outshining His people and not leaving any room for them. Perhaps, like a rich uncle who keeps spoiling his nephew, our tradition was able to turn around and say Enough already! You have given us so much, but now let us discover our destiny for ourselves! Rabbi Splansky: Similarly, we begin Pesach with the Haggadah s rendition of how we came to freedom by way of God s miracles and wonders. Our sages who constructed the Haggadah wrote Moses out of the narrative. But we end Pesach with the orah s account that includes Moses, Miriam, and the mixed multitude driving toward change. Rabbinic legend drives home the point that redemption requires human initiative. With Pharaoh s army at our backs and the sea before us, Moses raised his staff, and nothing happened. he sea was unchanged. hen, a man named Nachshon ben Aminadav stepped into the water while declaring God s power and might. he waters rose to his knees, his hips, his neck, filled his throat. He was all but drowning in his faith when the sea flung open. An ordinary man forced the miracle. he Yiddish expression, Be a Nachshon means ake initiative. It may also come with theological undertones, as Yiddish expressions often do: to be a Nachshon is to be active in faith that God will act. Rabbi Fishman: One of the few songs Paul McCartney and John Lennon wrote for Beatles drummer Ringo Starr was With a Little Help from My Friends. I believe that is a fitting title for God s relationship with us. Yes there can be miracles, but first there needs to be a partner that God can call upon, even rely upon. God would rather a partnership than a dictatorship. God is looking for someone, who can show initiative and courage. God would rather see humanity transcend and overcome human nature than perform acts that defy human nature. hus, what begins with God ends with man. In a saga that sets the God of history against the most powerful nation on earth, the true test of freedom is whether we mortals wish to take the plunge. Perhaps God, too, can sing these lyrics looking for someone to love: Do you need anybody?/i need somebody to love/could it be anybody?/i want somebody to love. n How to reach us Vol. XLV, No. 14 (2,190)* israeli advertising Representative: IMP, el: Head Office: 1750 Steeles Ave. W., Ste. 218, Concord, Ont. L4K 2L7 el: ; fax: editorial advertising Website: Subscription inquiries: oll free: fax: Sales, National & oronto Local: Canadian Primedia, circulation: otal circulation: 33,717 copies otal paid circulation: 25,011 copies CCNA verified circulation: August 5, 2014 Postmaster: Please return 29Bs and changes of address to: CJN, 1750 Steeles Ave. W., Ste. 218, Concord, Ont. L4K 2L7. Postage Paid at oronto Canada Post Publication Agreement # *Under current ownership We acknowledge the financial support of the Government of Canada through the Canada Periodical Fund of the Department of Canadian Heritage. he Canadian Jewish News reserves the right to refuse advertising that in its opinion is misleading, in poor taste or incompatible with the advertising policies of the newspaper. Acceptance of advertising does not imply endorsement by he Canadian Jewish News. he CJN makes no representation as to the kashrut of food products in advertisements.
5 HE CANADIAN JEWISH NEWS 5 You never expect that you could be injured in a motor vehicle accident. But you could. In a flash your world can change dramatically. When it happens to you, Bogoroch & Associates LLP is there to help you obtain the compensation that you deserve. As one of Ontario's leading personal injury law firms, we understand what is important to you and your family: the best possible settlement achieved in a timely manner. At Bogoroch & Associates LLP ongoing communication with our clients is part of who we are. Whether meeting face to face, speaking on the phone, or communicating by you can be certain that any question or concern that you have will be promptly dealt with and within 24 hours or less. By hiring Bogoroch & Associates LLP you can be certain that you will be treated with the utmost respect and that your case will be handled efficiently, effectively, and with compassion. We provide free consultations and we only get paid when we settle your case. o learn about us and our over 25 years of experience please visit our website to read and view our testimonials. We would be happy to arrange transportation to our office in oronto or we would be happy to meet with you in your home. Bogoroch & Associates LLP is honoured to be selected by Canadian Lawyer Magazine as one of the top 10 Personal Injury Law Firms in Canada. For further information please contact: Richard Bogoroch - Managing Partner at Heidi Brown - Partner at Yoni Silberman - Partner at BOGOROCH & ASSOCIAES LLP Lawyers Dedicated to improving the lives of injured victims and their families. personal injury litigation medical malpractice litigation slip and fall litigation products liability litigation disability claims litigation oll free: el: Web: bogoroch.com Bogoroch & Associates LLP, Lawyers Sun Life Financial ower, 150 King Street West, Suite 1707, oronto, ON M5H 1J9
6 6 HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS President Elizabeth Wolfe An independent community newspaper serving as a forum for diverse viewpoints publisher and proprietor: he Canadian Jewish News, a corporation without share capital. Head Office: 1750 Steeles ave. W., Ste. 218, Concord Ont. l4k 2l7 Editor Yoni Goldstein General Manager ara Fainstein Managing Editor Joseph Serge News Editor Daniel Wolgelerenter Operations Manager Ella Burakowski Art Director anahit Nahapetyan Directors Steven Cummings, Michael Goldbloom, ira Gluskin, robert Harlang, igor Korenzvit, Stanley plotnick, Shoel Silver, abby Brown Scheier, pamela Medjuck Stein, Elizabeth Wolfe, Honorary Directors Donald Carr, Chairman Emeritus. George a. Cohon, leo Goldhar, Julia Koschitzky, lionel Schipper, Ed Sonshine, robert Vineberg, rose Wolfe, rubin Zimmerman From the Archives Early Na amat pioneers phoo COurESY OF MOlliE rohman A photo of the women of Club One of Pioneer Women, now known as Na amat, taken in oronto in the 1930s. Na amat is celebrating its 90th year in Canada. SeeJN Clearance sale HaiM ZaCH/GpO phoo Israel s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, seen in his office April 2 with Chief Sephardi Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef, left, and Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi David Lau, right, during a ceremony to sell the chametz of the State of Israel to Arab Israelis before the Passover holiday. Guest Column From disputation to dialogue RAbbI baruch FRyDmAN-KoHl his past weekend, as Jews around the world observed Passover, western Christian communities marked Pâques, known in English as Easter. Eastern Christians will celebrate next Sunday. his timely coincidence should remind us of the history of Jewish-Christian relations and help us realize how much has changed since the 1965 Vatican s Nostre Aetate ( In Our Era, Pope Paul VI s declaration on the relation of the Church to non-christian religions), which reframed the relationship of the Church with the modern world and re-conceptualized the relationship of the Church to the Jewish People. Although their spring dates often overlap, in 325 CE, the Church determined that Easter would no longer be dependent on Passover. ragically, throughout the Middle Ages, European Jews experienced the Christian Holy Week as a time of physical danger and persecution, accusation and assault. In contrast, this season is now a time for Christians to note the Jewish roots and context of Jesus. Six hundred years ago, the Disputation of ortosa pitted a team of Jewish scholars against leaders of the Catholic Church. hat encounter, and there were many others, sought to compel Jews to accept the arguments of their adversaries. In more recent years, notwithstanding moments of disagreement, the two religions have moved from disputation to dialogue, from conflict to conciliation. Over the past 50 years, the Church has affirmed the teaching of the Apostle Paul that the divine covenant with the Jewish People is eternal. he Church has condemned anti-semitism, affirmed that the spiritual patrimony common to Christians and Jews should lead to mutual understanding and respect, accepted the continuity of the living Covenant between God and the Jews, and recognized the existence of the State of Israel as a manifestation of divine blessing for the Jewish People. A year ago, Pope Francis made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, travelling to the land of the people into which Jesus was born. Already known for personal humility, modesty and a commitment to social justice, this Pope demonstrated remarkable solidarity with the Jewish community in the wake of the 1994 terror attacks in Buenos Aires and was involved in a joint Jewish-Catholic organization called zedakah (justice and charity). He has pledged to continue the values articulated in Nostre Aetate. Last year, I joined with an imam, a priest and a minister to bring Jews, Muslims and Christians to the Holy Land. We travelled the Path of Abraham because Israel is the biblical and national homeland of the Jewish People, the spiritual birthplace of Christianity and the location of Muslim sacred sites. Our faiths are inextricably linked by ties of history, geography and theology. hese ideals have been reaffirmed by Cardinal homas Collins, Archbishop of oronto, who has enjoyed a yom tov meal in my sukkah and who treasures a gift from the oronto Board of Rabbis, A Jewish Commentary to the New estament. It would be an important gesture of solidarity for Canadian Catholic religious leaders to travel to Rome and Jerusalem with rabbis and significant lay leaders from the two communities. his would advance the mutual understanding and respect that already exists between our faiths. n Baruch Frydman-Kohl is the Anne and Max anenbaum Senior Rabbi of Beth zedec Congregation in oronto and the co-chair of the Canadian rabbinic caucus of the Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs. YONI will return!
7 HE CANADIAN JEWISH NEWS APRIL 9, 2015 Perspectives 7 ESSAY No dogs, no Jews : no evidence Ron Csillag he phrase has burrowed into the Canadian Jewish consciousness. Community leaders, politicians, local history buffs and yes, journalists, almost reflexively deploy the words to illustrate the horrible prejudices Jews encountered in Canada from the 1930s to the 50s. he oft-cited message, repeats the Canadian Encyclopedia s entry on anti-semitism, appeared on signs in many places: at public parks and beaches in oronto, outside resorts and hotels in the Laurentians and Ontario s cottage country, and in the vacation areas of Manitoba and British Columbia. A few years ago, a Jewish candidate for public office uttered the no dogs or Jews meme. As recently as a few weeks ago, the Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs (CIJA), in a press release, recalled that signs in public parks went so far as to declare: No dogs or Jews allowed. here s a problem, however, and it may shock you: there is no proof that such signs existed. Several top Jewish historians don t recall ever encountering evidence of them in their research, with one acknowledging the signs could be an urban myth. Pundits often say: he absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. rue. But logic also tells us that given the voluminous files at various archives brimming with photographic and documentary material confirming rampant anti-semitic attitudes in Canada in that era, wouldn t there be verification of the most insulting example, the sign declaring No Dogs or Jews? here s not one. he Canadian Jewish Congress national archives in Montreal and the Ontario Jewish Archives, Blankenstein Family Heritage Centre in oronto hold photos of signs from the era with the following messages: Christians Only Jews Not Allowed ; No Jews Wanted; Jews Not Allowed ; and several examples of Gentiles Only. hey were found in Jackson s Point, Ont.; Forest Hill Lodge near Burleigh Falls, Ont.; the Mossington Park Resort on Lake Simcoe; the Cawthra Mansions ea Rooms in oronto; Lakeside Point in Scarborough; Musselman s Lake beach in Ontario; and Pleasant Valley Ranch in Oshawa. here s one ominous number from the Quebec resort town of Ste. Agathe, north of Montreal, warning Jews to scram while the going is good. (he French message says the village is French-Canadian, and we will keep it that way. ) he Jewish Public Library in Montreal also has no record of signs referring to dogs. he signs were said to be on two oronto beaches: Sunnyside and Kew. he City of oronto s online archives produced no evidence, while the response from archivist Liam Peppiatt to an inquiry a few weeks ago was: I cannot seem to find anything in our database that reflects what you are looking for. oronto attempted to eliminate Gentiles Only signs starting in 1932, when the Jewish alderman John Judah Glass, chairman of the parks commission, succeeded in forbidding the erection of any signs on city property without commission approval. Ontario s 1944 Racial Discrimination Act banned racist signs and symbols (and would be used to overturn covenants forbidding the sale of land to Jews). Several years ago, the late Stephen Speisman, the foremost historian of Jewish oronto, wrote an irate letter to the oronto Star complaining of an earlier writer s charge that the No dogs or Jews signs were myths. Speisman replied: Although I am not aware of any photograph oronto attempted to eliminate Gentiles Only signs like this one in ONARIO JEWISH ARCHIVES, BLANKENSEIN FAMILY HERIAGE CENRE PHOO depicting such signs, there are enough long-time oronto residents who claim to have seen them to suggest they may have existed, (emphasis added). With due respect to Speisman, that s a lot of waffling. he writer of the original missive added that in a 1994 letter to him from Pierre Berton, the popular historian had said: here is no evidence whatsoever and I looked into this some years ago that there was ever a sign in oronto saying No dogs or Jews allowed. Gerald ulchinsky, in Canada s Jews: A People s Journey, noted the no dogs signs allegedly existed. Historians Lita-Rose Betcherman, Allan Levine and Frank Bialystok (and others) have written that the signs did exist (they were displayed prominently, said Bialystok) but none provided references or examples. Ira Robinson, chair of Concordia University s Institute for Canadian Jewish Studies, said he could find no visual evidence of No dogs and Jews on the same sign. Such signs, he added, may be an urban legend, but it is one solidly based on evident and pervasive anti-semitic attitudes in both English and French Canada in that era. Other Jewish academics said they had no knowledge of such signs, or just never researched them. In their 1987 book he Riot at Christie Pits, Cyril Levitt and William Shaffir depended heavily on research by the late Ben Kayfetz, an expert in the history of Ontario Jewry. Both authors said Kayfetz claimed never to have seen such a sign and that he doubted their existence. here is no hard evidence to prove these signs existed, the authors concurred in a footnote. However, when challenged, several of our respondents emphatically asserted that they had seen them with their own eyes. Irving Abella, co-author of None is oo Many, said he had no personal knowledge of such signs, though he, too, had met many people who remember seeing them. But memories can be notoriously muddy and conflate or combine different events. At resorts, on beaches and in public parks, there were doubtless signs reading No Dogs and others with some variation of no Jews or Gentiles only. Over the decades, these two warnings could have morphed into a single declaration. CJC archivist Janice Rosen concurs: I agree that there were separate signs and that memory fused them. In no way does the issue of whether such signs existed detract from the virulent anti-semitism of the era. But it s better to set record straight. It s time to bring the dogs in. Ron Csillag is a freelance writer in oronto. YOUR PEACE OF MIND IS FOREMOS O US 7.2% LAS 12 MONHS *. FIRS MORGAGE FUND. GA FOCUS MINIMIZES DOWNSIDE RISK. RRSP / FSA / RIF ELIGIBLE O DISCUSS YOUR POENIAL INVESMEN IN FOREMOS MORGAGE RUS PLEASE CALL: EVAN COOPERMAN (416) EX 266 RICKY DOGON (416) EX 269 * his material is for informational purposes only and is not an offer to sell a security. Past performance does not guarantee future results. Foremost Mortgage rust (the rust ) is available only to qualified investors in Ontario. he return represents the net compounded (geometric) return for investors who reinvested their distributions from Mar 1/14 to Feb 28/15. Foremost Financial Corporation is registered as an Exempt Market Dealer in Ontario. his information is inherently limited in scope and potential qualified investors should read the rust s offering memorandum carefully prior to investing. Lic. #10342/ #11654
8 8 Cover Story HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS Easily shunned: Canadian Jews behind bars LAurEN KrAmEr pacific corresponden When Rabbi Zushe Silberstein heard that the Jewish inmate standing before him in a Montreal jail was due to be released in just three days, he didn t hesitate. My daughter is getting married this weekend, he said. I would be honoured if you could attend the wedding. he prisoner stared at him with unbelieving eyes, certain he had misheard. A rabbi inviting a newly released prisoner to a family wedding? It seemed impossible. But in the next breath, Rabbi Silberstein was offering to help arrange a suit if needed. It was clear his invitation came from the heart. he conversation between the two men occurred two years ago, and that weekend, the ex-convict did indeed attend the wedding. No one knew where he came from, and at the wedding he danced with presidents of synagogues, family and friends, just like anyone else, Rabbi Silberstein recalls. At one point he approached me, clearly emotional, asking what kind of gift he could give the bride and groom. I told him, he gift you ll give will be a promise that never again will you go back to jail. He gave that gift and he s leading a straight life now. he encounter was nothing extraordinary for Rabbi Silberstein, who heads Chabad Chabanel in Montreal and regularly visits Jewish inmates in Quebec jails. We bring them food and sandwiches, we daven, put on tfillin with them and celebrate Jewish holidays with them, he says. here s a seder at Pesach, a Megillah reading on Purim, menorahs on Chanukah and services on Rosh Hashanah. But it s not just about pushing spirituality, he insists. My main thrust has always been to tell these marginalized Jews, You re not alone, you re not forgotten. here s someone out there who cares about you. We re there to comfort, to advise them and to show them the Jewish community cares about them Chabad is at the forefront of this care, here and everywhere else, Rabbi Silberstein says. Fifteen years ago, the rabbi founded Maison Belfield as a halfway house for up to six men at a time, offering newly released Jewish inmates shelter, food, clothing, therapy and reintegration assistance. Correctional Service Canada said as of March 31, 2014 there were 177 offenders who identified themselves as being Jewish. shuersock phoo HELPING OUR CLIENS PRESERVE & GROW WEALH Contact us or visit us at and discover how we can offer you more! us at We are a team of committed, responsive investment professionals who put your financial goals first. After gaining a full understanding of your life goals, we build a customized investment strategy focused on consistent, longterm growth. Allan Newman H.B.A., LL.B., C.I.M. Director, Wealth Management, Associate Portfolio Manager and Senior Wealth Advisor Greg Newman B.Comm., LL.B. C.I.M Director, Wealth Management, Associate Portfolio Manager and Senior Wealth Advisor Also Bookmark for all day ScotiaMcLeod Analysis and Breaking Business News Call us at or Registered trademark of he Bank of Nova Scotia, used by ScotiaMcLeod. ScotiaMcLeod is a division of Scotia Capital Inc. ( SCI ). SCI is a member of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada and the Canadian Investor Protection Fund. Aiding Jewish prisoners is a consuming task and one he takes seriously. he [late Chabad] Rebbe [Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson] teaches us not to forget any Jew, no matter where she or he may be, he explains. If there s a Jewish person in need, we must care for them. It s why my children and I have more than once travelled 14 hours to help one single Jew in jail. My Shabbos table often has former inmates gathered around it. Over the 30 years Rabbi Silberstein has been involved with Jewish prison chaplaincy, he s seen all kinds of Jews behind bars, from a prominent lawyer to children from dysfunctional homes to people with substance abuse issues and those who are highly affluent, he says. Nobody is immune to falling into this kind of situation. He refused to disclose the number of Jews presently incarcerated in Montreal, saying only one is too many and acknowledging that High Holiday services and Passover seders in the jails see an attendance of up to 10 people. Correctional Service Canada (CSC) said that as of March 31, 2014, there were 177 offenders who identified themselves as being Jewish, representing 0.8 per cent of the total prison population. hat was up from 159 in April CSC engages Jewish chaplains who regularly provide religious services, religious education programs and one-onone counselling with Jewish inmates, said CSC spokesperson Julie O Brien. If a Jewish offender has a rabbi, the chaplain will put the two in contact. Chaplains may approve kosher diets for inmates who require them, a religious dietary policy that was first formalized in It s a policy Rabbi Silberstein was very much involved in. hirty years ago, the provincial government refused to allow kosher food, and we had to pay $30,000 to provide it to Jewish prisoners, he recalls. Eventually, under threat that we d go to the Supreme Court of Canada, the federal and provincial governments eventually provided that kosher food at government expense, after the minister saw that we were serious and would not give up. oday, in Quebec s prison systems, we have excellent co-operation for the needs of Jewish prisoners. O Brien says the CSC ensures spiritual accommodation to assist offenders in practising their religion or spirituality as fully as they desire within the correctional setting, up to a level generally available to people in the community. he Jewish community also has representation on the Interfaith Committee on Chaplaincy, an advisory group on religious and spiritual practice for inmates in CSC institutions. Rabbi Ronald Weiss, director of chaplaincy services at Jewish Family & Child in oronto, says that over the past 20 years, he and his team of chaplains have worked with federal, provincial and municipal correctional institutions across Ontario. Continued on page 25
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10 10 Comment HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS APRIL 9, 2015 Finding plenty in simplicity Mira Sucharov When I was in Winnipeg several weeks ago to deliver a talk at the University of Winnipeg, my cousins took me on a stroll on the frozen Assiniboine River. It was a crisp, sunny day, and we popped into several warming huts along the way that had been installed as part of an international design competition. One in particular caught our eye. Made of galvanized and painted corrugated steel in bright colours embedded in a snow drift, the hut included tubular openings protruding at various angles through which kids were keeping warm by climbing and laughing and sliding. As we remarked on it, we heard a man quip that the flying children part was unintentional. We turned around, and there was Jason Halter, one of the installers of the hut, who had worked with architect Kevin Weiss s Weissbau design team on the project made by Canada Culvert. urns out Jason is a fellow Jewish Winnipegger (I too spent my childhood there), who now lives in oronto, where he runs a design company with Anita Matusevics called Wonder Inc. And while the jungle-gym aspect of the hut may have been unforeseen, there is a great deal of ecological intentionality even infused with Jewish values, it turns out behind Halter s own work. As we spoke, I stayed warm in my deep-freeze winter boots, and Jason kept steady on hockey skates, a pair of DJ-style earphones around his neck. As Jason explained, the warming-hut structure while itself not actually recycled gives a nod to his current focus on simple and accessible adaptive reuse. One of his latest projects is transforming shipping containers into small homes. Jason is passionate about the environmental possibilities of this he sees it as an innovative way to develop more affordable housing. He calls it micro architecture. With each container costing roughly $2,500, put four together and you ve got an inexpensive, 1,280-square-foot house. Wonder Inc. works with Stor Stac in oronto to retrofit the container for domestic use by spraying foam insulation, installing drywall and cutting out relevant openings. Given that shipping containers are meant to withstand the rough, salty waters of an ocean journey, their high-iron-concentrated steel form is well suited to housing. He explained that the containers naturally turn orange with rust, making this form of architecture a contemporary statement about freezing the passage of time. Jason s personal story is also one about the passage of time. His paternal grandmother, Rhoda Lechtzier-Halter, was the first Jewish girl born in Western Canada, in Winnipeg, in By the time he was born in 1966, there was an active and well-integrated Jewish community in Winnipeg. He, along with many other Jewish friends, attended University of Winnipeg Collegiate, while playing in Jewish hockey leagues. Jason describes his work and his intensity and creative energy as being informed by Jewish values. Inclusiveness and compassion are what I understand my Jewish roots to be. You always feel like an outsider. he type of work I do is on the fringe. Jason might see himself as working on the margins, but that fringe is increasingly coming to find the centre. A September 2014 article in he Atlantic about a university professor in Austin, exas, endeavouring to live in a retrofitted 36-squarefoot dumpster replete with home decor items captured the imagination of many on social media, who helped it go viral. And visit Vipp s website the company that s known for its trash bins and you ll see it marketing its Vipp Shelters to urban hipsters who want all the design chic that any architecture magazine peddles. On one foot (or boot or skate), as the old talmudic saying goes, we didn t get a chance to delve into the entire problem of housing and homelessness. But one could say that this was a good start, helping us enter the Passover season thinking about finding plenty in simplicity. Mira Sucharov is associate professor of political science at Carleton University. Ideology s captive Mordechai Ben-Dat he people of Israel selected their lists of new legislators almost a month ago. Benjamin Netanyahu s list received the most support among Israelis 25 per cent entitling his centre-right party to 30 members in the 120-seat Knesset and enabling him to undertake the task of cobbling together a governing coalition. he president of the United States was clearly unhappy with the results. Ceaselessly, for nearly two weeks after the election he and his officials publicly pilloried Netanyahu whenever possible. hey justifiably criticized the Israeli prime minister for patently expedient, ethnically inappropriate remarks he made prior to the election in an 11th-hour appeal for their vote. But they unjustifiably criticized him for remarks he made that were appropriate, self-evident and truthful concerning the viability of reaching a two-state solution with the Mahmoud Abbas-led Palestinian leadership, especially in light of the current violent, unsettled circumstances in the region. President Barack Obama wilfully distorted the full context of Netanyahu s remarks, ignored his subsequent elaboration upon his original comments and resumed a personal campaign of ostracizing Netanyahu. Some of our American coreligionists were also very unhappy with the results of the Israeli elections, none more so, it seems, than the political commentator Peter Beinart. He was so angry with Jewish Israelis for not voting the way he wanted that he urged Jewish Americans to punish the Israeli government for not adopting Obama s peace plan. In a March 19 article in Ha aretz, Beinart suggested a list of punitive measures that he, like-minded Jewish Americans and the American government can indeed must implement until, presumably, Jewish Israelis finally behave the way he knows is best. Israelis have made their choice. Now it s time to make ours, Beinart wrote. It does not seem to bother Beinart that his call to punish the lawfully elected government of Israel places him shoulder to shoulder alongside the haters of the Jewish state. He has substituted wishful thinking for reasoned judgment. his is not surprising since the ideology that provides him with the framework for solving Israel s conflict with the Palestinians American liberalism and that he unquestioningly embraces does not mesh with the facts-on-the-ground of the region, the irrefutable, harsh reality that he refuses to acknowledge. he essence of that reality can be glimpsed in the following abbreviated list: 1. At least three times since 2000, Abbas has rejected signing a peace treaty with Israel. 2. Like his predecessor, Yasser Arafat, he cannot concede among other things that Israel is the sovereign state of the Jewish People. 3. Like his predecessor, Abbas has repeatedly violated the Oslo accords of hree times since the summer of 2005, when Israel unilaterally left the Gaza Strip, the Jewish state has been at war with the genocidal, Islamist leaders of Gaza. 5. Abbas has entered into a unity pact with those same Islamist leaders. 6. ime and again, through its incitement against Israel, its collaboration with Israel s rabidly violent enemies and its hostile actions against the Jewish state, the Palestinian Authority (PA) has shown its indifference to trying to win the confidence of a majority of Israelis. In a real sense, therefore, it was Abbas PA that effectively elected Netanyahu s centre-right, 30-person list. Beinart ignores this. He is slavishly captive to his ideology. Indeed, the ideology itself seems more important to him than the human beings for whose betterment he claims his ideology stands. Beinart s repeated pronouncement of love for Israel reminds one of the Peanuts cartoon in which the often-testy Lucy dramatically professes her long-lasting and abiding love for all humanity. hen, noting the doubting look on Charlie Brown s face, Lucy clarifies her bombastic proclamation by stating that it s just people I can t stand. At every opportunity, Beinart proclaims his love for Israel. Perhaps, like Lucy, it s simply the Israelis he cannot stand.
11 HE CANADIAN JEWISH NEWS Comment 11 he State of Israel is a wondrous dream come true Rabbi Jay Kelman hen God brought back those Wwho returned to Zion, we were like dreamers. Who would have, could have, believed that after 1,900 years and a mere three years after the greatest tragedy in Jewish history the Jewish People could become sovereign in their land? hroughout most of our exile, Israel was a distant place physically, spiritually and, perhaps most important, conceptually. Much of the opposition to Zionism was based on the notion that the mass return of the people to their land was something that had to await the messianic period. Re-establishing a Jewish state was considered otherworldly, the stuff of dreams, something we dare not try to implement in practice. he Holocaust cured most Jews of this way of thinking, but for the Jew living the nightmare of Auschwitz, the idea of the State of Israel was inconceivable even as a dream. Its creation would be a miracle as great and likely greater than any other in Jewish history. he return to our land, against all odds, allowed the people of Israel to turn the greatest of dreams into reality. As David Ben-Gurion famously remarked, in Israel, believing in miracles is the mark of a realist. he thrice recited prayer to the city of Jerusalem [please] return in mercy is being fulfilled before our very eyes. he world is a much more scary place than it was 10 years ago, or even last year. he Jewish state and the Jewish People (and they are one and the same) are singled out for hatred more than any other. Missiles in the thousands and perhaps hundreds of thousands are pointed toward Israel. Yet the Jewish People have never been stronger, and we can and must confidently move forward. One of the basic characteristics of a dream is the rapid pace at which time moves. While there may be much happening in a dream, the dream itself lasts mere seconds. he State of Israel has been in existence only 67 years. Yet in that historical blink of an eye, Israel has done what others have not accomplished in thousands of years. orah, technology, science, art, music, innovation, agriculture and medicine you name it, and Israel is a world leader. For a country with less than.1 per cent of the world s population, this is unbelievable, even for a dream. he almud was greatly interested in the study of dreams, discussing their meaning and significance. Considering the role they play in biblical history, this is not surprising. Long before Freud, our sages surmised that dreams reflect reality or if not actual reality, then the reality of our wants and desires: A man is shown in his dreams only what is suggested by his own thoughts (Brachot 55b). Furthermore, the almud teaches that hakol holech achar hapitaron, all occurs according to the interpretation. Nowhere is such interpretation more necessary than it is in regard to Israel. Sadly, not all recognize the tremendous gifts that God has blessed us with. Israel is not a perfect country. It s run by humans, so how could it be otherwise? But it is a more perfect country than most, and perhaps it is more perfect than all. One can look at Israel and see division, challenges, political deadlock, social unrest and enemies all around. Yet one can interpret those as the inevitable growing pains of a young, dynamic, booming country. Should we not all be awestruck by all that Israel has accomplished? he rust of 1,900 years of exile does not come off overnight. Yet so much has been scraped off, revealing amazing beauty beneath. If we want to see even more beauty, we must properly and positively interpret this most amazing of dreams, so that the greatest of dreams may continue to turn to reality. n Comments to Celebrating the special moments Norma Baumel Joseph Iwrite this column on March 27. You will read it during Passover. I mention these dates because they are significant to me both personally and communally. And I believe that the lessons I take from them are worth sharing. Fifty years ago, on March 27, 1965, I married Rabbi Howard S. Joseph. Fifty years have passed, 50 years of a faithful, committed and loving relationship. It seems quite strange not only because of the rampant rate of divorce today, but because I am hard-pressed to locate such a long time span. Could it really be so many years? I recall my father telling me that he could not imagine how he had aged, that in his head he was still a young man though the calendar said he was 85. Now it is my turn to experience that same dislocation. How could time have passed so swiftly that I cannot catch my breath? It has been a wonderful, adventurous life but there have also been many challenges. I never thought I would leave the United States. I never anticipated how much I would grow. I never understood how miraculous long-lasting love is. I never appreciated how much I would learn from my husband. And it all happened so quickly. Consequently, I value the ability and necessity to celebrate these special moments. Celebrations help to mark the passage of time, to locate our transformations and perseverance. hey make the private public, and in doing so, they generate a community of family and friends. Correspondingly, we need the celebrations of our heritage that take place via holiday cycles. Passover is the quintessential holiday for this type of experience. Passover marks the transformation of a group of slaves into a nation of free citizens. My marriage ceremony 50 years ago converted two individuals into one new entity; so, too, this holiday marks the creation of a new national unit. Before the Exodus, we were only a series of families. After it, even before Sinai, we became a people, united in history and legacy. We are not united politically or even in all our ritual practices. We are certainly not uniform in opinions. But we do comprise a unit, a known grouping of individuals. And that is celebrated most significantly through this holiday. Passover makes public our unique history and pride in our esteemed heritage. And of course, it marks the transition of winter into spring (which we really need already). he natural element of our Jewish holidays is also a very important aspect of commemoration and tribute. Remembering who we are is aided by locating our existence within the cycle of the seasons. he ritual of the seder seems to be especially geared to stimulating this mindfulness. Celebrating the design of the seasons and the gifts of new agrarian cycles seems particularly appropriate. Marking the passage of time through these rituals and ceremonies seems to me to be both ideally Jewish and incredibly necessary. How else can we grasp both our finitude and our eternal survival? he holidays link us to the past of our ancestors and bind us to the future of our inheritors. Celebrations of birthdays and anniversaries do the same. hey all help to freeze frame our experiences and punctuate moments in our lives. In some sense, they stop the flow of time while celebrating it. Finally, it is very important to me that the Passover process takes place in the domestic space. Of all our holidays, this one enables a sense of Jewishness that includes the private space of home with the public recognition of nationhood. We sanctify ourselves and our history through this process of celebration. he public and private aspects of our lives can thus combine together to mark our own individual and communal existence and purpose. n
12 12 HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS News Jewish friends group supports Yezidi cause in Canada PAUL LUNGEN It s fair to say that until news agencies started taking the Islamic State (ISIS or ISIL) seriously, few people had heard of the Yezidi people. Or of the Chaldeans, the Assyrians or the Syriac, for that matter. But as far as Mirza Ismail is concerned, they all share pretty much the same fate: they are non-muslim minorities considered infidels living in Syria and Iraq, facing discrimination, forced conversion, sex slavery, mass rape and even death. Ismail is an ethnic Yezidi, a member of an ancient people whose tradition states that they have lived in Mesopotamia, the land between the igris and Euphrates rivers, for more than 6,700 years. hey practise one of the world s oldest religions, but they have been oppressed and murdered in large numbers for generations. Ismail said the Yezidis have suffered 74 genocides over the centuries and have seen their number reduced from a high of 23 million to about two million, worldwide, today. With the rise of the Islamic State, they have seen their ancestral lands occupied, their men slaughtered, their young women and girls made into sex slaves bought and sold in markets and their young boys kidnapped and raised to be jihadis. It s a gruesome fate, one that the wider world has come to learn about as the Islamic State makes no effort to hide the mass executions and rapes that it perpetrates. Ismail, who lives in the Greater oronto Area, is looking for help. He s found some with a few Jewish activists who have formed a small support group called Canadian Jews and Friends of Yezidis. A chance encounter last August led to formation of the group, said Rananah Goldhar, one of its founders. Following a rally at the Israeli Consulate on Bloor Street, some of the participants headed down to Queen s Park, where another rally was being held in support of Christians being persecuted in the Middle East. hey met a group of Yezidis taking part in that protest. hrough them, they met Ismail, and soon after, the support group was formed. We were shocked when they told us that their women had just been kidnapped and there was a massacre in Iraq of their people, Goldhar said. I struggled with getting involved, but finally God answered my question: How can I work and take care of family and volunteer for Israel and be involved with the Yezidi effort? And God answered that you cannot be a Jew without weeping and running to help the Yezidis, she said. Canadian Jews and Friends of Yezidis is sponsoring a speaking engagement by Ismail titled Yezidis speak, on April 12 at 7:30 p.m. at the B nai Brith building at 15 Hove St. It has also posted a petition online, calling for Parliament to provide military air cover and equipment to help the Yezidis stranded on Mount Sinjar [in Iraq]; bring to Canada as refugees some of the Yezidis who have been captured, raped, enslaved, and others who have survived their loved ones being killed; rescue women and children who Mirza Ismail were captured and enslaved by ISIS. Ismail, chair of Yezidi Human Rights Organization-International, was in Ottawa recently, where he made a pitch for increased Canadian aid for Yezidi refugees. Just before that, he was in New York to meet officials of the United Nations, to press the Yezidi case for support. he Canadian government can help with more humanitarian aid, by bringing refugees to Canada and by supplying arms to Yezidi fighters who are outgunned when facing heavily armed Islamic State personnel, he said. Ismail believes the Jewish community should empathize with the Yezidis fate, given their own tragic history of suffering genocide, and because Israelis well understand the kind of neighbourhood they live in. Israel has already aided the Yezidis with humanitarian assistance, but providing arms would help the 4,000 Yezidi fighters defend their community from ISIS jihadis, he said. Ismail was in northern Iraq recently, near the border with urkey, where he met Yezidi refugees. hey have been living in tents or out in the open since last August, when Islamic State attacks forced Yezidis out of their homes with little more than the clothes on their backs. hey found refuge on Mount Sinjar, but many were killed, abducted, raped and sold, he said. His own nieces, ranging in age from nine to 15, suffered that fate, he added. Altogether, 10,000 Yezidis have been killed in the latest round of atrocities, and another 7,450 have been abducted. About 400 young women managed to escape their captors and find refugee in Yezidi areas, but they suffer from trauma, he said. he Yezidi community in Canada is hardly equipped to help them. here are only about 50 families across the country, with the largest numbers in London (30 families), Winnipeg (20-25) and the GA (10). Ismail himself fled the region in the aftermath of the 1991 Gulf War. here are about 23,000 Yezidi refugees living in urkey and another 7,000 or 8,000 in Syria. Why not bring the Yezidi [to Canada] now? he asked. hey will not be of harm to Canada. hey are not a missionary religion... Canada would be assured that this religion would not harm the Canadian people, he said. n got community? 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13 HE CANADIAN JEWISH NEWS News 13 Cotler abstains from Syria vote in House of Commons Janice arnold MONrEal Irwin Cotler broke ranks with the Liberal Party and abstained from voting on the Conservative government s motion to extend and expand Canada s military role against ISIS because he says it gives Syrian President Bashar Assad too much say over the situation. On the other hand, Cotler has long called for military intervention against jihadist extremism, and specifically in Syria to stop what he considers war crimes perpetrated by the Assad regime. Federal MPs voted on March 30 in favour of extending the mission for up to one year and authorizing air strikes in Syria on ISIS targets. he Liberals and the opposition New Democratic Party did not support the original mission or its extension. Cotler aide Michael Milech said some other Liberal MPs were absent for the vote, but Cotler was the only member of the party to be present in the House of Commons and to abstain. Similarly, Cotler abstained in October on the government motion to approve a Canadian combat role in the U.S.-led coalition s campaign against ISIS. At that time he abstained mainly because he could not abide any co-operation with Assad. My main concern has always been the protection of civilians in Syria and Iraq. In October, I was unable to support the government s motion because of the prime minister s statement that Canada would give a veto to the criminal Assad regime, Cotler said in a statement made in advance of the March 30 vote. I remain unable to support the government in this matter because its proposed expansion of Canada s mission continues to allow Assad to assault Syrian civilians with impunity. Moreover, the government s lack of clarity in October has only been compounded by a lack of forthrightness since. However, Cotler is not opposed to military intervention. I have been a longstanding proponent together with my Liberal colleagues of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine It is because of international inaction three years ago against Syria s criminal Assad regime that radical jihadists including ISIS have been able to take root, develop, and engage in a campaign of abhorrent brutality. Cotler, who has represented Montreal s Mount Royal riding since 1999, is not running in the election later this year. n SeeJN Sunnybrook veterans seder Consulate General of Israel he Community is invited to attend YOM HAZIKARON he Official Memorial Ceremony for Israel s Fallen Soldiers and Victims of error UESDAY, APRIL 21, 2015 at 7:30 pm Doors open at 6:45 pm Beth zedec Congregation 1700 Bathurst Street, oronto Rabbi Ronald Weiss, director of chaplaincy services with Jewish Family & Child, led a seder April 1 for the 40 Jewish veterans at Sunnybrook Veterans Centre. Pictured are army veteran Lawrence Richmond, 88, left and RCAF vet Carl Dubin, 92, right, along with volunteer Hilda Harris, left, and Dubin s daughter Ellen Dubin. Program in Hebrew and English he ceremony will be followed by an evening of Israeli songs Coming together to honour Israel s fallen
14 14 News HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS Jewish groups back motion on religious attire VOLUNEER FAIR April 16, 2015, 10:00am - 4:00pm V!VA hornhill Woods Retirement Community 9700 Bathurst Street, Vaughan Find volunteer opportunities in your community Connect with organizations from a variety of sectors Research organizations to find the best fit for you Open to volunteers of all ages For more information, call Marteen at or JANICE ArNolD MONrEal Jewish groups are watching with interest if a court will render an opinion on whether Quebecers religious attire affects their access to justice. Constitutional lawyer Julius Grey is scheduled to present a motion in Quebec Superior Court on April 30 seeking a legal opinion clarifying the right to wear such clothing as hijabs, kippot and turbans in the province s judicial system. Grey and fellow Montreal lawyer Mathieu Bouchard filed the motion on behalf of Rania El-Alloul, the Muslim woman who was told in February by Quebec Court Judge Eliana Marengo to remove her hijab or her petition to get back her impounded car would not be heard. El-Alloul refused and the judge postponed the case. he matter was settled in March and the vehicle was returned. Grey said this matter is about freedom of religion, equality and access to the courts. We are asking to establish a principle, a principle that is a legal one: that you cannot refuse to hear a litigant because of a hijab, a turban, a kippah, Grey was reported saying. A judge has to sit and judge between all the people who come, and we would like that to be made clear to all. B nai Brith Canada and the Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs (CIJA) said it supports the motion for clarification on Quebecers rights. Both organizations felt the judge had no legal grounds to turn away El-Alloul from her court because she was wearing a traditional head scarf. Marengo s refusal to hear El-Alloul if she wore her hijab is an apparent violation of religious freedom protected by the Quebec and Canadian Charters of Rights, said lawyer Allan Adel, national chair of B nai Brith s League for Human Rights. A legal principle needs to be established that a judge cannot refuse to hear a litigant because he or she may be wearing a hijab, turban or kippah. David Ouellette, CIJA s associate director for Quebec public affairs, told he CJN that Marengo s decision was wrong-headed and a denial of justice which should not be allowed to stand as a legal precedent. It has no basis in law and went beyond even the Parti Québécois proposed charter of values, Ouellette pointed out. hat charter would only have banned judges from wearing religious symbols on the grounds that they represent the state and should be and look neutral. Ouellette said he has never heard of someone wearing a kippah being turned away from a court in Quebec. n Vaughan s Newest Rental Retirement Community Enjoy the premier Jewish retirement lifestyle at an unbeatable price! $3,460 ONE BEDROOM SUIES FROM SeeJN Premier volunteers Limited Suites Available - Call oday! Call to learn more! WELDRICK RD. W. Making oday Great! 9700 Bathurst St., Vaughan Visit us at vivalife.ca Schwartz/Reisman Centre Independent Living Assisted Living Respite Suites Premier Kathleen Wynne, centre, lent a hand at the National Council of Jewish Women of Canada, oronto section s Passover food drive on March 22, a week before delivery day, when an estimated 2,600 boxes of Pesach foods were given to people in need. With Wynne are NCJWC chapter co-presidents Ena Cord, left, and Dahlia Rusinek.
15 HE CANADIAN JEWISH NEWS 15
16 16 News HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS In Memory Of EEL SZPRINCE BRONSEER, Z L he Sarah and Chaim Neuberger Holocaust Education Centre, UJA Federation of Greater oronto, extends our heartfelt condolences to the Bronsteter and Silver families on the passing of Etel Bronsteter, a Holocaust survivor, supporter of Holocaust education, and friend of the Neuberger. May her memory be a blessing. Join our growing team! he Weizmann Institute of Science is one of the world s leading multidisciplinary Join institutes our of basic growing research. team! Weizmann scientists have made a global impact in a variety of areas ranging from health he Weizmann Join Institute our of Science growing is one of the team! world s leading and medicine to alternative energy and security and technology. multidisciplinary institutes of basic research. 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Science, gift fundraising in leadership skills, major gift fundraising experience and/or experience Rehovot, and leading Israel. the oronto based team. he ideal candidate is a weizmann in relationship-based Canada is sales seeking the a Vice-President corporate sector. of Philanthropy strategic, resourceful, results-oriented professional with strong team Weizmann based leadership in toronto. Canada s three prong mission is to raise awareness for skills, major gift fundraising experience and/or experience the Weizmann Institute of Science, develop sustainable philanthropic he in relationship-based VP sales in the corporate sector. support interested of for Philanthropy the Institute candidates will be encourage responsible can science apply for major literacy. online gift fundraising at: weizmann and leading Canada the oronto is seeking based a team. Vice-President he ideal candidate of Philanthropy is a strategic, resourceful, results-oriented weizmann.ca/vp based toronto. professional with strong team interested candidates can apply online at: leadership skills, major gift fundraising experience and/or experience he VP of Philanthropy will be responsible for major gift fundraising and in relationship-based leading the oronto sales weizmann.ca/vp based in the team. corporate he ideal sector. candidate is a strategic, resourceful, results-oriented professional with strong team leadership skills, major gift fundraising experience and/or experience in relationship-based sales in the corporate sector. WSC_cjn_job_posting.indd 1 WSC_cjn_job_posting.indd 1 WSC_cjn_job_posting.indd 1 interested candidates can apply online at: weizmann.ca/vp interested candidates can apply online at: weizmann.ca/vp :07 PM :07 PM :07 PM B nai Brith campaigns to stop Al-Quds Day rally JODIE SHUPAC B nai Brith Canada thinks that getting an early start and the introduction of Bill C-51 might give it a real shot this year at persuading the Ontario Legislative Assembly to prohibit an Al-Quds Day anti-israel rally from taking place at Queen s Park this summer. In association with a number of partner organizations, B nai Brith launched its first Stop Al-Quds Day online petition March 25, and by April 1, it had collected more than 1,200 signatures. Critics of the annual rallies say they promote hatred and anti-semitism and that a protest calling for Israel s destruction should not be allowed at Queen s Park. Jewish groups have tried unsuccessfully to have the events banned in the past, and they ve brought comments made there to the attention of police, who also monitor the events, but no hate charges have been laid. B nai Brith communications officer Sam Eskenasi said that since 2009, his group has lobbied Ontario s three provincial political parties to push the Legislative Assembly to refuse a public permit to Al- Quds Day protesters. He cited the federal government s recently proposed anti-terror law, Bill C-51, as a reason B nai Brith s online campaign could gain traction with the legislature. We re trying to get our voices heard early this year, because in the past, the [Jewish] community only heard about the rally in the news or in a press release just before it happened, he told he CJN. he online petition is addressed to David Joseph Levac, speaker of the Legislative Assembly, who is in charge of the grounds where the rally usually takes place: We the undersigned demand that you no longer allow hateful rallies promoting propaganda contrary to Canadian values at the seat of government power. It continues: With the increasing threat of home-grown radicalization, we cannot allow this anti-western rhetoric to continue unabated on the grounds of our legislature. International Al-Quds Day, typically celebrated after the fast month of Ramadan, was started in 1979 by Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in solidarity with the Palestinians and in opposition to Zionism and the existence of Israel as a Jewish state. Al-Quds Day rallies are held annually in cities across Canada and the United States. Last year s rally at Queen s Park was held July 26. Ramadan ends this year on July 17. Screenshot from According to an International Al-Quds Day website, International Day of al- Quds is an annual event supporting a just peace for Palestine, and opposing apartheid Israel s control of Jerusalem. he website s authors are not specifically identified, and the About us section says the Al-Quds Day events are funded through many small, individual private donations within the U.S. and Canada. B nai Brith CEO Michael Mostyn said that as Canadians, we can no longer tolerate the grounds of our legislature being used for promoting Iranian government propaganda and supporting international terror as can be seen [at past years protests] by things such as the waving of Hezbollah flags. Partners of the Stop Al-Quds Day initiative include the groups One Free World International, Canadian hinkers Forum, Christians United for Israel Canada, Hasbara York and Canadians for Israel s Legal Rights. Muslim, Pakistani ahir Gora is director of the non-profit Canadian hinkers Forum, whose mission is to address the challenges of Muslim segregation and radicalization faced in Canadian society. Gora said his organization supports the campaign because it believes the Al-Quds Day rally is based on hatred toward communities, especially Jewish and creates a kind of tension between Jews and Muslims that we don t want to see in Canada. Mostyn attributed non-jewish groups support of the cause to the fact radicalization is an issue that affects all Canadians and called the B nai Brith-led campaign a non-partisan grassroots initiative comprised of individuals who believe in a tolerant and pluralistic society. B nai Brith has not received an official response yet from the speaker, Eskenasi said, but it expects to, and it hopes to garner more support in advance of the rally. he petition can be found at www. stopalquds.ca. Calls to the speaker of the legislature and were not returned by he CJN s deadline, and efforts to reach last year s rally organizers were unsuccessful. n WSC_cjn_job_posting.indd :07 PM
17 HE CANADIAN JEWISH NEWS News 17 GUES VOICE Ontario should fund Jewish day schools NEW REASONS 3O CHOOSE... Cantor Eric Moses As a leader in our Jewish community since 2001, I have watched the debates regarding funding for faith-based schools with keen interest. I also have a personal stake in this issue, as I have three children in the Jewish day school system. I understand the politics of this debate. I understand the history surrounding the Ontario Liberal Party s position on this issue. What I can t grasp is how in today s society, when statistics show that organized religion is on the decline, Ontario is the only province with a significant Jewish population that doesn t partially fund its faith-based schools unless you re Catholic. Not only does the province not fund faith-based schools, the Liberals repealed the tuition tax credit enacted by the previous Conservative government. How is this possible when we represent the largest Jewish community in Canada? Ontario embraces its multiculturalism. oronto is an example to the world of how a model society comprising people from all ethnic backgrounds can work and live together. However, among the provinces containing Canada s main Jewish centres oronto, Montreal, Winnipeg, Vancouver and Ottawa Ontario is the only province that does not provide some form of government funding to its non-catholic faith-based schools. It is unconscionable to let this hypocrisy continue. Based on the March 26 CJN article on this subject, in real terms, this means that Ottawa s Jewish high school will be closing its doors at the end of the academic year, while the Anne and Max anenbaum Community Hebrew Academy of oronto has seen its enrolment decline from 1,500 students to 1,161 today, and somewhere between 1,000 to 1,100 next year. I attended Premier Kathleen Wynne s Chanukah celebration at Queen s Park with my daughter. I heard the premier s words and those of her caucus members praising the efforts and contributions of the Jewish community to this province. However, without the necessary funding to sustain the education of our young people, they will not know what it is to be Jewish in another generation. he present cost of a Jewish high school education is in excess of $25,000 per child. With an average family having two to three children, fees aren t sustainable for middle-class working parents. hey It is unconscionable to let this hypocrisy continue must make incredible sacrifices and financial choices to give their children a Jewish education. It s a choice fewer are making. We know that this cannot carry on. he cost gap between Jewish day schools and secular private schools has narrowed too much. For those who can afford the fees, many are opting for private schools that have fancier facilities and more extra-curricular activities. I speak to parents on a regular basis about the choices they re making regarding their children s Jewish education or lack thereof. I am speechless, because I am watching this situation unravel before my own eyes. Are we so powerless as a community to right this wrong? I worked as a cantor in post-referendum Montreal from 1996 to While there were many negative things an anglophone living in Quebec could say about the Parti Québécois government of the day, it supported and funded Jewish schools, and the enrolment in Montreal s Jewish day schools per capita was exceedingly high. Why can t Ontario s government do the right thing like British Columbia, Quebec and Manitoba have done? We must urge our MPPs to reopen this discussion. We must be unwavering in our pursuit and make our voices heard on this subject. We cannot sugar-coat this issue. It is blatantly unfair period! We all know it, but what are we going to do about it? Jewish schools deserve some form of government funding. We owe it to our children. After all, shouldn t every Jew know the difference between Kiddush and Kaddish? n Cantor Eric Moses is the chazzan at Beth Sholom Synagogue in oronto. Associated PRESCHOOL FINANCIAL ASSISANCE Now available for students registered in full day JK or SK for at our Kamin campus in hornhill. FREE BUSING Free depot busing is available for all students living north of Highway 7 registered for at our Kamin campus. DON DELAY! Spaces are currently available in most grades. ARRANGE A PERSONALLY GUIDED OUR Pearl Greenspan , ext. 508 or visit agreatschool.com DEEP SOUH BUSING We re now offering busing to our Danilack Middle School for families living as far south as St. Clair. he service is FREE for students entering Grade 6 in September Associated Cedarvale (Pre-Nursery to JK) Beth Sholom Synagogue 1445 Eglinton Ave. W. Kamin Education Centre (Pre-Nursery to Grade 5) 300 Atkinson Ave., hornhill Posluns Education Centre (Nursery to Grade 5) 18 Neptune Dr. Danilack Middle School Hurwich Education Centre (Grade 6 to 8) 252 Finch Ave. W. V i E w our interactive e-brochure with videos, photos and detailed information.
18 18 News HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS Parliament unanimously passes Cotler s Magnitsky motion PAUL LUNGEN Sergei Magnitsky is not that well known in Canada, but in Russia, he s a household name. hat s because he was jailed in his homeland on trumped up charges after exposing massive corruption and theft from state enterprises. He died in custody in November 2009 after nearly one year in jail. Irwin Cotler, the Liberal MP who has followed the Magnitsky case for several years, presented a motion in Parliament about two weeks ago calling for a Magnitsky law. he motion called for legislation that would impose sanctions against foreign nationals involved in the detention, torture and death of Sergei Magnitsky. he motion also asks the government to explore sanctions as appropriate against any foreign nationals responsible for violations of internationally recognized human rights in a foreign country, when authorities in that country are unable or unwilling to conduct a thorough, independent and objective investigation of the violations. Sergei Magnitsky he motion was adopted unanimously and the Conservative government has indicated it will present a bill to sanction officials in any country that are involved in human rights violations. Cotler first introduced a private member s bill about four years ago calling for a Magnitsky law. he bill called for asset freezes and travel restrictions, among I m pleased, but it s in remembrance not only of a great hero, Sergei Magnitsky, but the great hero of the human rights movements in Russia, Boris Nemtsov other measures. Cotler noted that Boris Nemtsov, one of the most prominent liberal politicians and opposition leaders in Russia, had been a supporter of Magnitsky legislation in Europe to address Russia s culture of corruption. Nemtsov had come to Ottawa three years ago to show his support for Cotler s Magnitsky law proposal. He called on us to do what we are doing now, Cotler said. I m pleased, but it s in remembrance not only of a great hero, Sergei Magnitsky, but the great hero of the human rights movements in Russia, Boris Nemtsov. Nemtsov was the leading global advocate for Magnitsky legislation and sanctions. He was a strong supporter outside of Canada for the adoption of this legislation within Canada, Cotler said. Nemtsov was assassinated in Moscow on Feb. 27. He had criticized widespread official corruption in Russia and had objected to Russian involvement in Ukraine. Magnitsky was a lawyer and auditor who was hired by Hermitage Capital Management to investigate charges of tax fraud that the company was facing. Hermitage s co-founder and CEO, Bill Browder, had invested in Russia and had revealed widespread corruption in the country before he was barred from re-entering the country. During his investigation, Magnitsky uncovered a $230-million tax fraud. He was arrested soon afterward. n he Canadian Society for Yad Vashem CORDIALLY INVIES HE COMMUNIY O he 2015 National Holocaust Remembrance Day Ceremony Featuring Speeches by Leaders of Canada s Political Parties uesday, April 28, :30 PM - CANADIAN WAR MUSEUM - 1 VIMY PLACE, OAWA YAD VASHEM S 2015 HEME: 70 Years Since the End of the War: he Pain of Liberation & Rebuilding a Life o reserve a seat on our sponsored buses or to confi rm your attendance, please contact: / LIMIED SEAING AVAILABLE he Canadian Society for Yad Vashem supports Yad Vashem s initiatives and implements its vision across Canada through commemorative and educational activities, ensuring that the Holocaust and its lessons are forever engraved in the memory of humankind. O LEARN MORE, PLEASE VISI US ONLINE A EVEN SPONSORS
19 HE CANADIAN JEWISH NEWS News 19 Students learn about each other at interfaith seder SHErI SHEfA From left, Marwa Salyani, Zahra Jaffer and Sabrina Sefton About 140 Jewish, Muslim and Catholic students gathered at Leo Baeck Day School s north campus on March 31 to take part in an interfaith Passover seder, in an ongoing effort to build bridges between the faith communities. Rabbi Noam Katz, Leo Baeck s dean of Jewish living, explained that while this is not the first time As-Sadiq Islamic School and St. Joseph the Worker Catholic School have come together, this is the first year that visits were planned at each school to enhance and promote the interfaith dialogue and learning. Last month, Grade 7 Leo Baeck students were invited to As-Sadiq in hornhill, Ont., where they received an introduction to Islam from the school s imam. Students from both schools participated in a group-building activity, a tour of the school, a discussion about the similarities between the Jewish and Muslim faiths, and Rabbi Katz was invited to speak about the values of Reform Judaism. Before Passover, Leo Baeck students hosted As-Sadiq and St. Joseph the Worker students at an interfaith seder. Our students are not just in the role of seder leaders, but teachers of some of the Jewish traditions, the symbols on the seder plate, the story of the exodus from Egypt, Rabbi Katz said in advance of the March 31 event. But we ll also have some activities that the kids do interactively throughout the course of the seder. So, for example, we come to the piece about the plagues that befell Egypt, and in interfaith groups, the kids will talk around the table about modern-day plagues, whether environmental or man-made. He said representatives from each school were also invited to speak about their own holidays, such as Easter and Ramadan. I think another important goal for us as a school is to make sure that students understand the commonalities between them, said Yvette Burke, Leo Baeck s principal of the north campus. And that they are just kids and they do share certain elements of growing up together that are very similar, and to sort of demystify the whole idea that they are not so different. Rabbi Katz said one of the driving forces behind the initiative is to help students and the rest of the Jewish community, broaden their horizons. We want to help our students, and by extension our school and our community, know our neighbours who often live in the same neighbourhoods, but whom they might never speak to without this kind of an experience, Rabbi Katz said One of our Jewish and universal teachings is to love our neighbour as yourself, and my commentary or addendum to that is, how can you love your neighbour if you don t even know your neighbour? his interfaith program expanded last year to Leo Baeck s south campus. he Islamic Foundation School and Holy Rosary Catholic School are the other two schools involved. Burke said the interfaith activities have been positive and eye-opening for the students. hey spoke about it quite a bit and reflected upon it. As-Sadiq student Zainab Saleh said it was fun to learn about the different religions and meet other students. We all have the same hobbies, and even though we re different, we re pretty much the same and we live the same lifestyle. We made many friends and it was fun, Saleh said. Leo Baeck student Leeor Freiman said, I showed them my religion and they showed me theirs It was a great experience and I learned a lot from their cultures and I hope they learned a lot from mine, and I look forward to another time that we do this together. Following the Pesach break, there are plans to visit the Catholic school. n CREAING HE NEX GENERAION OF ECHNOLOGY INNOVAORS ODAY WE HAVE 300 SCHULICH LEADERS ENROLLED IN 25 UNIVERSIIES. HEY OO WILL CHANGE HISORY!
20 20 News HE CANADIAN JEWISHN EWS No charges for Dawgfather over tweets, Halifax police say JoEl JACobSoN alanic corresponden Jerry Reddick a.k.a. the Dawgfather wier phoo Halifax hot dog vendor Jerry Reddick, also known as the Dawgfather, has avoided charges after he posted offensive and disturbing anti-semitic remarks on social media in January. An investigation into the nature of comments posted on a social media site in January has concluded without charges, a spokesperson for Halifax Regional Police said in a statement March 30, On Jan. 14, Reddick posted several comments on witter, some referring to Jews and the Holocaust, including a reference to ovens, as well as the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States. Police received a complaint about the comments the day they were posted. In the statement, police spokesperson Pierre Bordages said, As a result of the investigation, which included consultation with the Public Prosecution Service, investigators determined that the posts do not meet the threshold for a criminal code charge to be laid. While Halifax Regional Police and undoubtedly many other people found these comments distasteful, shocking and offensive, they do not constitute a hate-related offence and the investigation into this matter has been concluded. When confronted about the remarks in January, Reddick said he made the comments to prove a point about the different standards applied to freedom of expression, a hot topic that was under intense debate around the world after the mass shooting at the Paris satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo and the deaths of shoppers at the Hyper Cacher supermarket days before. However, a couple of days later, Reddick, I used a sledgehammer instead of a feather to get my point across about the double standard in free speech a proud Muslim who has sold hot dogs outside Dalhousie University s Student Union Building for many years, deleted the controversial postings and apologized. I used a sledgehammer instead of a feather to get my point across about the double standard in free speech. I was wrong and I apologize! he tweeted. Speaking March 30, Reddick said he s glad the case is over. It wasn t anti-semitic, he said. My question was how do you post a picture of a Muslim-looking man with a bomb on his head [and] that s not considered hate speech. Given the upset his posts caused, Reddick acknowledged he could have been clearer in what he what he was trying to do. One of Reddick s offending tweets read, Hitler asked his people, How do you like your Jews? Well done with a bagel and a kosher pickle. Freedom of speech goes both ways. Reddick also tweeted, What do you call a Jew sitting in one of Hitler s ovens? oast, because they re cooked. Freedom of speech goes both ways! And, What does one Jew say to the other Jew when they walk by a hot oven? Do you recognize anyone? Another post read: In 2001 I thought Americans could fly by the way they were jumping from the twin towers in New York. Jon Goldberg, executive director of the Atlantic Jewish Council, said he was disappointed, but not surprised that charges weren t laid, because it s very difficult to get someone charged under that particular Criminal Code section. he threshold is high, Goldberg said. Whether remarks like that qualify as a prosecution or not, we will never stop my efforts to rebut such comments and to combat this overt anti-semitism that was shown by the Dawgfather. n MANAGING MONEY HROUGH DEMENIA LOOKING A MEDICAL, FINANCIAL AND REGULAORY ISSUES FEAURED SPEAKERS: Dr. Sharon Cohen is a behavioural neurologist and medical director of oronto Memory Program. She is known for excellence in patient care, teaching and clinical research. She holds an FRCPC in neurology from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Michael Korman, B. Comm, FMA, FCSI, Financial Advisor, Raymond James Ltd., Michael will discuss financial challenges and review portfolio documentation required for memory challenged clients. If you have a loved one with early or advanced dementia, we ll examine portfolio process best suited for managing income. Luxurious Hotels & Spa by the sea. David Roy, Vice President, NEI Investments, will discuss Northwest Strategic Income a fund process to accumulate different sources of bonds and equities, actively managed to help you increase monthly income. Date and Location: April 22 nd, 2015, doors open at 7pm at Schwartz/Reisman Centre, 9600 Bathurst Street,1 st Floor, Room G (underground parking available) RSVP: Michael Korman at or Cost: $25.00 Attendance. All Proceeds to oronto Memory Centre or Baycrest Foundation for Brain Research. Sponsored in part by NEI Investments Commissions, trailing commissions, management fees and expenses all may be associated with mutual funds. Please read the prospectus before investing. Mutual funds are not guaranteed, their values change frequently and past performance may not be repeated. Raymond James Ltd., Member - Canadian Investor Protection Fund. Herods - he Premium collection by Fattal Hotels Herods-Canadian jewish News-quarter page.indd 1 08/03/15 14:38