1 Elements of the Water Operators Communication Toolkit Reflecting on existing practices Josefina Maestu Director United Nations Office to Support the International Decade for Action Water for Life Coordinator of the UN Water-Decade Program for Advocacy and Communication
2 You have sent us information on your practices. This is intended as a summary and analysis of the information sent by you
3 The Presentation o Introduction o Information practices of WOPs Types of information and means TO users Types of information and means FROM users o Communication campaigns o Educational activities o Other SCRs activities
4 The United Nations Office: our mission!! Facilitates information, implements communication campaigns and raises awareness in relation to the water and sanitation goals. THE MANDATE. Strengthens capacities of relevant stakeholders (SUCH WATER OPERATORS) in addressing key obstacles impeding the implementation of the water and sanitation agenda..
5 Communicating the Urgency to Act: We are here because Water Operators are leaders in the efforts to attain the Millennium Development Goals.»And. WE need to support your Communication and Information Strategies so that you can play a full role in the urgent global effort.
6 There are clear Benefits of information and communication efforts of water operators Information and communication shape attitudes, opinions and beliefs about water use. Information and communication bring about change in users habits and behaviours (reduced water losses and pollution)
7 ...and also benefits for the operator Information and communication improve service performance. They encourage stakeholder involvement and participation to provide the water operator with performance feedback. Information and communication influence perceptions of risks and hazards and customer satisfaction. They reduce complaints and increase trust.
8 ...part of Consumer rights The right to satisfaction of basic needs: Potable water and Basic sanitation services. The right to safety: safe and reliable water services. The right to be informed The right to choose The right to be heard (e.g. complaints) The right to redress The right to consumer education The right to a healthy environment Source: International Labour Organization, based on UN guidelines
9 Existing Information Practices
10 Types of information provided to the users Customer metering, billing and services provided is the information MOST FREQUENTLY made available to users Information on water quality/safety and on service disruption : NOT ALWAYS made available Information on the level of investments and ongoing projects provided in SOME CASES.
11 Means of sending information to the users 1 By post (mainly water bills) 2. Through the web 3. Direct information through Customer Services (Not all operators provide customer services) By phone - At the operator offices 4. Posted at the company offices
12 but also AND INCREASINGLY 5.Campaigns in the media and other types 6.Annual reports and thematic reports 7.Distribution of leaflets and brochures 8.Film projections, distribution of CDs/DVDs 9.Posters and exhibits
13 Types of information received from users Complaints on services provision Hours of provision of water Quality problems Complaints on billing Network problems Level of satisfaction from services
14 Means of receiving information from users Phone Customer Services Letters Web User satisfaction surveys
15 Some examples in Asia Name of operator Type of company Countries Type of information provided to users Means of sending information to users Means of receiving information from users Government of Tamil Nadu, India Public India Billing, tariffs, services, water availability, reservoirs, ongoing projects, etc. Billing invoice, web, letter, etc. , letter, regional complaints offices, phone Water and Sanitation Agency Rawalpindi Public Pakistan Billing, tariffs, services, ongoing projects, level of investments, equipments, Billing invoice, web, letter, reports, etc. , letter, network of customer centres, phone
16 Some examples in Africa Name of operator Type of company Countries Type of information provided to users Means of sending information to users Means of receiving information from users Namibia Water Corporation Public Namibia Billing, tariffs, infrastructure, dams level, projects, business plan, guidelines, etc. Billing invoice, web, letter, reports, bulletins, etc. , letter, complaints offices, phone Office National de l Eau Potable, Maroc Public Morocco Billing, tariffs, services, level of investment, legal norms, etc. Billing invoice, web, letter, publications, brochures, etc. , letter, phone, regional directorates
17 Some examples in Latin America Name of operator Type of company Countries Type of information provided to users Means of sending information to users Means of receiving information from users Empresa Nicaragüense de Acueductos y Alcantarillados Public Nicaragua Billing, tariffs, services, projects, investments,.. Billing invoice, web, letter, bulletins, reports, etc. , letter, phone. No information on customer services provided on the web Empresas Públicas de Medellín de Agua, Energía y Gas Public Colombia Billing, tariffs, services, financial and environmental reports, budget, etc. Billing invoice, web, letter, etc. Virtual office, , letter, phone, network of customer offices
18 Some examples in Europe Name of operator Type of company Countries Type of information provided to users Means of sending information to users Means of receiving information from users Eau de Paris Public-Private Partnership France Billing, tariffs, services, infrastructure, level of consumption, water quality Billing invoice, web, letter, social networks (Facebook), brochures, , letter, phone Aguas de Barcelona (AGBAR) Private Spain, Chile, United Kingdom, China, Colombia, etc. Billing, tariffs, services, legal norms, water quality, Billing invoice, web, letter, newsletter, brochures, csr reports, customer workshops, , letter, phone, user satisfaction surveys
19 Comments and Recommendations Comments Recommendations Water bills are frequently the solely/ prevailing users information channel Information is mainly on billing, tariffs and types of services provided User satisfaction surveys are still not used by many operators and, when used, results are not always made available to the user In countries where there is high level of access to internet, the possibilities of ICTs may need to be further explored by most operators Further explore other means of sending information to the users Expand information provided to the user (e.g. water quality, water use, ongoing projects, etc.) Improve the management of customer relationships through user satisfaction surveys Increase transparency: publish and promote access to results Invest more in virtual office spaces and services Explore other ways of customer involvement (e.g. through social networks)
20 Existing Communication Campaigns
21 Campaigns on Droughts, water scarcity. Water Quality Health concerns. Service disruptions.
22 The important questions in communication Who communicates: WOPs responsibilities. What key messages we want to communicate about scarcity/water value, extreme events, health and sanitation, water quality, To whom: client groups, women, men, youth, rural, urban, illiterate, poor. Means for communicating: media, web, electronic and print material, workshops, ads with celebrities.. Effects: IN WATER SAVED, IMPROVED HEALTH..
23 Communication campaigns: droughts Aguas de Barcelona (AGBAR) Date: Spring-Summer 2008 Objectives: Encourage wise water use Increased awareness about the importance of the drought Actions Inform about the drought situation that affected Barcelona in 2008 Inform the population about measures taken to guarantee water supply Means: Special section on the web Information and messages on the bill invoice Customer workshops, seminars, conferences Effects: Decrease of 4% in household water consumption from Dec to Dec. 2008
24 Communication campaigns: droughts EMASESA: Seville Municipal Public Operator Date: 2005 Objectives: Reduction in water consumption, Improvements in reservoir levels Actions: Inform and increase awareness about the drought situation that affected Seville in 2005 Means: Exhibitions on the occasion of World Water Day and World Environment Day, Distribution and promotion of good practices among professionals, Radio messages, Information and Interviews on TV, Press releases, Special section on the web, Street campaigns, Messages on the invoice Effects: water consumption decreased, improved dialog with citizens, behavior changes
25 Communication campaign: water quality National Water and Sewerage Corporation, Uganda Date: At the end of the year (every year) Objectives: Reduced population s concerns on water quality Inform and raise awareness on treatments used to reduce water quality problems Means: Customers and the press are invited to visit plants and observe the activities that are carried out by the organization to mitigate the water quality problems Publication of lwater quality monitoring surveys Effects: Decreased number of water quality complaints
26 Communication campaign: health concerns Community Water & Sanitation Agency, Ghana. Objectives: Informing about health threats of high fluoride content on water for rural population and importance of hygiene habits. Actions: Provide key information on the treatments and the importance of hand washing Means: Direct communication, Web, Campaign HAND WASHING AND FOOD HANDLING : communicating actions about hand washing with soap and water at critical times, after the use of toilet, after cleaning a baby, before handling food Effects: Increased awareness and health
27 Communication campaigns: service disruption St. Kitts Water Services Department (WSD) Date: 3-4 times per year Objectives: Insure affected population is prepared Actions: To inform of occasional water disruptions. Means: Public service announcements to all radio stations Results: Decrease of complaints
28 Comments and Recommendations Comments The most common media in communication campaigns are visual (TV) and spoken (Radio), Not so much written Different communication focus according to regions: efficient water use, environment, Right to access, Health and Hygiene Communication campaigns are often limited to the duration of the event or concern (e.g. drought, water quality problem, etc.) Results of campaigns are frequently not made available enough to the public. Recommendations Need to have synergies with educatin programms Need to consider also communicating the importance of protecting water sources and value of the resource (including environmental) Work on a continuous base, insist on preparedness Promote access to results as an additional mean to motivate people in pursuing the promoted behavior.
29 Educational activities
30 Objective Educate in specific values: Which values? Increase knowledge: Of which specific issues? Promote behavior changes: To achieve what?
31 Most frequent modalities Visits to water/sewage treatment plants Preparation and distribution of educational materials Exhibitions Conferences, workshops, debates Contests
32 Morocco: Office National de l Eau Potable (ONEP) Initiative: Kids corner Educational levels: primary and secondary education Themes: water cycle, water treatment, water consumption, water pollution Means: mainly materials to be downloaded from the web, painting contests Main strengths: materials available in French and in Arabic
33 Nicaragua: Enacal Initiative: Hablemos del Agua Educational levels: secondary education, university, communities Themes: wise use of water, pollution, wastewater management Means: conferences, distribution of books and notebooks containing key messages, competitions Main strengths: activities beyond the educational centre, implication of families
34 Spain: Canal de Isabel II Initiative: Canal Educa Educational levels: all, including adults and university Themes: different aspects of water consumption, water and wastewater management Means: Children and youth: web, publications, games, blog, chat, etc. University: conferences, research projects Main strengths: Variety of target audiences and means
35 Comments and Recommendations Comments Frequently, the approach is too general Themes covered mainly just refer to water consumption/conservation, water pollution and wastewater treatment Education is still a non-existing or a marginal activity for most operators Recommendations Themes could be made closer to daily life situations Consequences of individual/collective behavior should be considered in educational activities Themes should be enlarged and other values from a SD perspective. Take water issues into schools and beyond school walls. Support efforts of partnerships between operators on education programs.
36 Other Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives
37 United Nations Global Compact A strategic policy initiative for those organizations that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labor, environment and anticorruption Examples include: Spain: AGBAR, EMASESA, Canal de Isabel II, EMUASA France: Suez Environnement, Veolia Environnement Colombia: Empresas Públicas de Medellín (EPM)
39 International cooperation Name of operator Aguas de Barcelona (AGBAR) Country Partner organizations / countries Spain NGO Fundeso Senegal Specific actions Collaboration for improving water supply to the populations of Djinack Bara and Djinack Djatako, Senegal Empresa Metropolitana de Abastecimiento y Saneamiento de Aguas de Sevilla (EMASESA) Spain FACUA ASA Fundación DeSevilla Cuba AECID Mauritania Educational community programme to promote the sustainable consumption of water and enhance leakage reduction in La Habana, Cuba Project to improve the water purification process in Nouakchott, Mauritania
40 Comments and Recommendations Comments Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives are still at a nascent stage for most operators Horizontal cooperation is not enough explored by most operators Recommendations Promote CSR activities and adhere to the UN Global Compact Initiative, make it known and promote participation from other operators Adhere to the Global Water Operators Partnerships Alliance
41 INFORMATION Final Comments Variety of practices. Rapid transformation in relations between operators and the public.. Consumer Rights but also citizens rights PP- and responsibilities (as users). It is helping breaching the gap between expectations of citizens and reality of operators services. COMMUNICATION Integrating public opinion into water management practices of operators is changing priorities and communication practices. Operators have been key in transforming attitudes and behavior specially in droughts and in providing information about issues that the citizens are concerned about (water quality, services). Specially in the case of permanent campaigns. Increased transparency and accountability of Water Operators. Contributes to citizens taking part in responsible water use. EDUCACION Education campaigns of operators: key in the change from immediate to long term behavior change. RSC UN Global Compact and WOPs key initiatives. Operators and Citizen become committed to solidarity. And ethical and transparent behavior in the context of Sustainable Development.
42 The questions for the Working Groups What else can you tell us about your experience with this and other communication and information practices?. What works? REAL IMPACT: improved water use; hygiene and sanitation practices; resilience from droughts and floods, transparency in WOs Practices.
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