2 Agenda 1. Software testing (ST) tasks and objectives 2. ST documentation 3. Types of tests 4. Functional testing process 5. Process supporting tools 6. Performance testing 7. Automation testing 8. Localization testing 9. Security testing 10. Mobile testing 11. ScienceSoft ST department
3 Tasks and objectives OUR GOAL IS EXCELLENCE. To reach this, we: Provide control over the product life-cycle Ensure the high quality of a product by controlling every stage of development Provide an accurate information about the product quality during the whole project life cycle As a result, we produce quality software within defined scope and budget.
4 ST documentation General documentation: Functional Testing process Integration Testing guidelines Unit Testing guidelines Defect Tracking guidelines Test Design Process Document templates: Functional Specification Design Specification Test Plan Test Results Report Specific documentation: Test Automation Process Document Review Process Requirements Specification guidelines Risk Management Guidelines File Management Policy Coding Standards
5 Types of tests Functional testing checking the features and operational behavior of a product to ensure they correspond to its specifications. This testing ignores the internal mechanism of a system or component and focuses solely on the outputs generated in response to selected inputs and execution conditions. Performance testing conducted to evaluate the compliance of a system or component with specified performance requirements. Often this is performed using an automated test tool to simulate large number of users. Security testing process to determine that an information system protects data and maintains functionality as intended. The six basic security concepts that need to be covered by security testing are: confidentiality, integrity, authentication, authorization, availability and non-repudiation.
6 Types of tests: continuation Automation testing the use of software to control the execution of tests, the comparison of actual outcomes to predicted outcomes, the setting up of test preconditions, and other test control and test reporting functions. Localization testing - checking of translation; adaptation of interface elements, auxiliary files: documentation, help, IQ and Guide; correct justification and interface element accommodation, as well as provision for rules of text writing. Usability testing is a technique used to evaluate a product by testing it on users. This can be seen as an irreplaceable usability practice, since it gives direct input on how real users use the system.
7 Functional testing process Test Designing Test Executing Initiation Test Planning Analyze & Reporting Completion
8 Functional testing process: initiation ACTIVITIES: Testers assignment Kick-off meeting Study project related documentation, prototype and/or previous version of application ARTIFACTS: Assignment letters The result of project analysis - Questions & Answers document
9 Functional testing process: tests planning ACTIVITIES: Understand the operational (system, project and process) and the organizational context of the testing to be performed Define and prioritize the risks to system quality and obtain stakeholders consensus on the extent of testing to mitigate these risks Test Plan creation, approval and publishing Test environment establishment ARTIFACTS: Test Plan Configuration Matrix (it may be included into Test Plan) Test hardware request (if needed)
10 Functional testing process: tests designing ACTIVITIES: Import functional specifications into the Jira (depends on the chosen approach) Test Procedures and Test Cases creation, confirmation and publishing Cover each functional requirement with one or more test cases Automated Test Scripts development (by customer s request) ARTIFACTS: Test Cases in Jira Automated Test Scripts (by customer s request only)
11 Functional testing process: tests execution ACTIVITIES: Checking required configuration and obligatory documents (What snew, ReadMe etc.) Installation, Smoke Test execution. Executing all planned test cases accordingly to planned in TP strategies Defects reporting ARTIFACTS: Notification planned test suit passed/failed Defect Reports
12 Functional testing process: analysis and reporting ACTIVITIES: Defect metrics accounting and analyzing Communicating test results to key stakeholders. Weekly reporting ARTIFACTS: Test Results Report
13 Functional testing process: completion ACTIVITIES: Final build acceptance and recommendation for production Overall testing results summarization and evaluation Participation in the Postmortem meeting ARTIFACTS: Test Evaluation Summary report Post-Mortem Report, testing related sections
14 Process supporting tools Process Project Planning Test and Defect tracking Configuration management Process monitoring MS Project Tool Atlassian Jira*, LogiGear TrackGear, HP Quality Center, Bugzilla and Rational ClearQuest SVN, MS VSS, CVS and SharePoint Atlassian Jira*, LogiGear TrackGear, HP Quality Center, Rational ClearQuest and system of metrics& reports Test automation Security test tools Risk management Borland SilkTest, Rational Functional Tester, Selenium, Borland SilkPerformer, HP LoadRunner, HP WinRunner, HP QTP, HttpUnit, JMeter and Rational Performance Tester etc. Wireshark, Watchfire Appscan, WebInspect, Positive Technologies XSpider, small tools for injection checks Report system, MS Project * - we have customization Atlassian Jira.
15 Performance testing: approach Tools used for performance testing: Rational Performance tester HP LoadRunner Borland SilkPerformer JMeter
16 Performance testing: objectives Measure end-to-end response time for client/server environment Measure hardware resource usage on all application and database servers, as well as any additional devices that take part in the system environment (network, load balancer etc.) Verify whether service level requirements are met Identify possible bottlenecks in the system Provide analysis of data to define a configuration that will offer optimum performance Verify reliability of the system Define possible breakpoints, determine the maximum load the server can handle before degradation in response time occurs and propose changes to optimize performance of an application.
17 Performance testing: script file and examples All scripts results can be introduced in lots of graphic reports. Example of script file: Example of generated graphics in report:
18 Automation testing: reasons to use Benefits of using automated testing: 1. Automated testing saves time and money. 2. Automated testing minimizes the effort involved in manual testing. 3. Automated testing increases software quality. 4. Automated testing can be run over and over again with less overhead. 5. Automated testing reduces time to-market.
19 Automation testing: essence Test automation is: the use of software to control the execution of tests the comparison of actual outcomes to predicted outcomes the setting up of test preconditions other test control and test reporting functions. Test automation involves automating a manual process already in place that uses a formalized testing process. It s usually executed in addition to manual testing to provide more qualitative software products. It can be made in the longer term though, especially in: Regression Testing Data Driven Testing (the same scenario & different input data) Performance & Load Testing
20 Automation testing: used tools Unit Testing Tools: xunit (CPPUnit, JUnit etc) Middleware Tools: HTTPUnit GUI Tools: Borland Silk Test, IBM Rational Functional Tester, HP WinRunner and HP QTP Performance Tools: JMeter, Selenium, Borland SilkPerformer, HP LoadRunner and Rational Performance Tester etc.
21 Automation testing: ST staff 80% of ST staff is experienced in Borland SilkTest, HP WinRunner or QuickTestPro, Borland Silk Performer and Rational products. ST team have advanced test automation skills and experience (regression, new features testing and service tools creation). Experience in different approaches to automation: development scripts, framework creation and data-driven testing. We are engaged in a big projects scripts development (client/server applications, database products, educational software, embedded software, standalone and web applications). ST team organize and take part in self assessment and automation trainings.
22 Localization testing: process Localization Testing process includes the testing of the product that was adapted for use in a foreign market. Successful localization products contain high quality native language translation and retains the functionality of the product. Localization must also consider how various cultural conventions in the target country require implementing source code changes.
23 Localization testing: purpose Products that are localized to international markets often face domestic competition, which makes it critical for the localized product to harmonize easy into the native language and cultural landscape The cost of a localization effort can be significant. Once we have the strings translated and the GUI updated, localization testing should be used to help ensure that the product is successfully migrated to the target market. In addition to verifying successful translation, basic functional testing should be performed Functional issues often arise as a result of localizing software Do not risk the time and effort spent localizing by not performing corresponding Software Testing
24 Security testing: reasons Benefits of security tests execution: 1. Security testing helps to improve application quality and minimize risks from network hooligans 2. Security testing saves us from loosing clients, disappointed by privacy lack or important information loose 3. Meeting market security requirements we can get a market advantage for our application
25 Security testing: essence Security testing - a process to determine that an information system protects data and maintains functionality as intended. The six basic security concepts that need to be covered by security testing are: Integrity Confidentiality Authentication Authorization Availability Non-Repudiation
26 Mobile testing: reasons 1. Growing market. In 2008 alone there'll be an estimated 58 million PDAs sold worldwide (source: etforecast) 2. Less users experience People generally have a lot less experience of using their mobile to go online than they do of using their computer. 3. Mobile platforms variety The platform through which users access site is far less predictable when using mobile phones.
27 Mobile testing: essence Mobile applications testing - functional testing of mobile-based applications. Often no special tools used, but a large set of devices is required. There are two ways to organize testing: Using a set of devices. Different devices needs to be checked, as every device have own bugs and differences in system features implementation. Using software device emulators. This way is not so reliable, as device specific can t be emulated, but can be used for standardized lines of devices.
29 Summary Our development processes and quality standards ensure that the delivered product will be of high quality or at least the quality is controlled Our system of reports guarantees that all the project stakeholders are always informed about the quality of the product in each particular moment and have enough information to make decisions Our processes are flexible, we can customize them for needs of any customer and can adopt almost any tool or practice that is suitable for our customer Employees in the test team are not focused in some particular area, have knowledge in broad variety of domains and are easy learners. As a result, minimal time would be required for members of our test team to start working efficiently on your project
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