North Carolina Criminal Justice Performance Measures

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1 North Carolina Criminal Justice Performance Measures November 17, 214

2 Prison Population North Carolina Prison Population: , 4, 35, 31,581 4,824 41,3 37,665 3, 25, 2, 15, 1, 5, Growth: -3% 2 29 Growth: + 29% Justice reinvestment (211) Growth: -8% In 29, the state s prison population was growing significantly. Since enactment of JRA in 211, prison population has decreased 8 percent. Reduced prison population allowed the state to remain out of jail backlog for the past three fiscal years saving what was a $1 million dollar per month cost during first 6 months of 211. Average Daily Backlog Yearly Cost (Millions) $ $ $ $ * 42 $ $. 213 $. 214 $. *through only first 6 months of Page 2

3 Prison Composition North Carolina Prison Admissions , 16, Probation Revocations 15,976 15,118 14, 12, 11,586 5% Drop in Revocation Entries 1, New Offense Convictions 8, 6, Justice reinvestment (211) 7,44 4, Other 2, Probation Revocations as % of Total Prison Admissions 21 5% 22 49% 23 51% 24 51% 25 52% 26 53% 27 51% 28 51% 29 53% 21 52% % % % % 76% of the probation revocations to prison were for technical violations of supervision in 29 1% of technical violators now serve a 9 day period of confinement in response to violation (CRV) CRV Entries: ,429 2, Page 3

4 Population Trends 45, Prison Population at JRA Passing June ,3 Baseline Projected Prison Population 43,22 5% increase from June 211 population 4, JRA Projected Prison Population 38,264 35, 25 Actual Prison Population 36, Actual Prison Population 37,665 8% drop in prison population 5% drop in probation revocations 3, percent drop in the projected 217 prison population: from 43,22 to 38,264 8 percent drop in prison population between 211 and 214: from 41,3 to 37,665 5 percent drop in admissions due to probation revocation between 211 and 214: from 15,118 to 7,44 Page 4

5 Prison Releases 2, 18, 16, 14, 12, 1, 8, 6, 4, 2, 17,814 Prison Exits 18,244 15,147 Exits without Supervision 8, In 211, 84% of all structured sentencing felony prison releases did not receive supervision In 214, 48% of structured sentencing prison releases received no supervision and the trend continues to decline Page 5

6 Probation Revocations Probation Revocation Rates: % 36.% 37.6% 35.% 3.% 25.% 2.% 15.% 47 percent drop in revocation rate between 211 and 214: from 37.6% to 19.7% 53 percent drop in offenders exiting probation due to revocation between 211 and 214: from 24,995 to 11,686 Justice reinvestment (211) 19.7% 1.% Average Caseload Post JRA Pre JRA Impact of reduced case loads: Greater emphasis on high risk offenders. Quality contacts; more ability to focus on offender needs. Page 6

7 Probation Revocation by Risk Level Revocation Rate by Risk Level 7% 6% 61% 64% 65% 58% 62% 53% 5% 4% 3% 2% 39% 39% 37% 31% 27% 2% 23% 13% 33% 15% 3% 12% 1% % High Risk Medium Risk Low Risk JRA codified existing practice of using risk assessment to drive supervision and re focused probation practice. Association between risk and revocation rates indicate renewed focus on risk assessment is on target; offenders with higher risk profiles are more likely to be have probation revoked. 214 revocation rates declined for all risk levels; higher risk offenders had greater reductions: High risk decreased from 62% to 53% Medium risk decreased from 33% to 3% Low risk decreased from 15% to 12% Page 7

8 Swift & Certain Sanctions , , Cases 5 1, 1,5 2, 2,5 3, 3,5 4, Delegated Authority High Risk Delegated Authority Quick Dip (2 Day) Quick Dip (3 Day) JRA created additional tools for probation officers to increase offender accountability with swift and certain responses to negative behavior. Use of JRA tools has increased significantly; especially utilization of administrative jail sanction ( quick dip ). No Quick Dip Quick Dip Quick Dip Outcomes.2%.1% 7.9% 1.6% 16.6% 19.5%.% 5.% 1.% 15.% 2.% 25.% Absconded Revoked Unsatisfactory Termination Compared outcomes for 368 offenders who had a quick dip to a group of matched offenders who did not have a quick dip as a response to similar non compliance percent (338) of the offenders with a quick dip had a positive outcome compared to only 53.3 percent (196) of offenders from the comparison group, who did not have a quick dip. Page 8

9 Arrests and Crime Trends 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, Arrests Down 16.9% Total Arrests Arrest Rate CY26 519,26 5,844.5 CY27 57,527 5,587.8 CY28 59,828 5,5. CY29 499,461 5,299.4 CY21 489,725 5,135.8 CY ,135 4,956.9 CY ,885 4,811.8 CY ,65 4, , 4, 35, 3, 25, 2, 15, 1, 5, Murder, Rape, Robbery, Aggravate Assault, Burglary, Larceny, Motor Vehicle Theft Index Crimes Total Index Index Crime Crimes Rate CY26 398,613 4,487. CY27 44,863 4,457.5 CY28 46,479 4,385.1 CY29 374,322 3,971.7 CY21 359,854 3,773.8 CY ,58 3,813.1 CY ,74 3,656,6 CY ,928 3, , 4, 35, 3, 25, 2, 15, 1, 5, Murder, Rape, Robbery, Aggravate Assault Violent Crimes Down 21.7% Total Violent Violent Crime Crimes Rate CY26 41, CY27 41, CY28 42, CY29 37, CY21 34, CY211 33, CY212 33, CY213 32, Page 9

10 Spending Fiscal Year Budget Allocations Fiscal Year DPS Authorized Budget Probation Authorized Budget Parole Authorized Budget $1,28,819,47 $143,968,694 $1,49, $1,311,798,56 $148,234,414 $1,46, $1,58,499,24 $164,813,62 $1,488, $1,43,28,42 $173,391,28 $1,535, $1,365,379,681 $167,415,122 $1,52, $1,412,886,261 $168,248,47 $1,696, $1,423,972,223 $171,775,13 $1,938, % 7.4% 7.2% 7.% 6.8% 6.6% 6.4% 6.2% 6.% 5.8% 5.6% Budget as a Percent of Total NC Appropriations Budget as a Percent of Total NC Appropriations: % % % % % % % While overall spending on corrections and public safety continues to increase, the proportion of public funds spent in this area has begun to decline. Page 1

11 Reinvestments $1. $5. Millions $ Savings Savings Achieved as of January Prison Closures $ 55.8 million Regional Office Closure $ 1.2 million Eliminate Double Celling (Pamlico) $ 2.4 million Operating Budget Reduction $ 1. million Prison Conversions (Eastern & Johnston) $ 6.94 million Diagnostic Center Reduction $.82 million Remove Misdemeanants from State Prison $ 6.64 million Total JRA Reductions $ million Reinvestments to Date Reinvestment 175 Additional Probation Parole Officers & Equipment $ million Increase Parole Commission Staff $.38 million Expand Electronic Monitoring Program $ 1.8 million Provide Substance Abuse Treatment for High Risk/High $ 4. million Need Individuals Fund Treatment for Effective Community Supervision $ 4.14 million Program Fund CRV Centers $ 7.43 million Total JRA Reinvestments $ million Page 11

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