1 Educational Advancement: Opportunities and Barriers Ann O Sullivan, MSN, RN, CNE, NE-BC Assistant Dean, Blessing-Rieman College of Nursing April 1, 2011
2 Objectives Discuss specific opportunities in RN to BSN education. Identify barriers for RNs pursuing BSN education.
3 Literature Review Nine recent articles reviewed ( ) Several are research articles Populations RNs Faculty Methodologies Survey Interviews Qualitative
4 Creating a Context that Uncovers New Possibilities Focus on content and context of learning helps RNs; empowering to students Some students are truly transformed Adult learning principles, innovation, caring Reduce/eliminate mixed classes Mentor, role model and build positive connections; Guide, not micromanage PhD programs need to teach effective teaching strategies for RN to BSN students Recognize RN past experience and unique needs Cangelosi, 2006
5 Caring in Online Education Frequent feedback (9/11) Timeliness (9) Caring online is reciprocal (8) Personal connection & empathy (7) Clarity (6) Multiple contact opportunities (6) Commitment to learning (4) Second-fiddle (4) Sitzman & Leners, 2006
6 Perceptions of Barriers/Benefits Benefits to completing a BSN Raising potential was the main theme. Personal reasons were personal satisfaction, improved self image, feelings of achievement and success, expanded and expanded knowledge base. Professional reasons were raised level of professionalism, career advancement, job mobility, increase salary, more job opportunities and increased skill. Some respondents did not feel it was a benefit to have a BSN.
7 Perceptions of Barriers/Benefits Barriers Major theme identified was competing priorities. Multiple l role demands d and limited resources were the two major barriers cited. Demands of managing families and work were part of those barriers. Time, money, work, family and advancing age also noted.
8 Perceptions of Barriers/Benefits Academia Simplify the process for enrollment Practical courses with flexibility and accessibility Employers and facilitation ti of enrollment Make it worthwhile to return to school. Recognition of education value and rewarding efforts. Support of time off, tuition reimbursement and professional rewards Delaney & Piscopo, 2004
9 What do RNs Think ADN or diploma not enough to advance Trouble fitting in with undergrads Need support peers, peers academics, home Knowledge growth Global perspective Personal accomplishment Lillibridge & Fox, 2005
10 21 st Century Barriers and Incentives Incentives Being at right time in life Working with options Achieving a personal goal BSN provides credible professional identity Encouragement from contemporaries User-friendly RN-BSN programs
11 21 st Century Barriers and Incentives Barriers Time Fear Lack of recognition for past educational and life accomplishments Lack of recognition for past educational and life accomplishments Negative ASN or diploma school experience Megginson, 2008
12 California Study Advantages of BSN Exposure to research, community health nursing and leadership skills needed to produce nurse managers of the future managers of the future Motivation Expanding opportunities, fulfill personal goal, dissatisfaction with hospital environment, feeling coerced or forced to return to school Increased numbers Statewide and mandated articulation agreements Spencer, 2008
13 Collaborative Options 22 of 40 in 2 nd pilot group completed the 1 st yr at the community college and transferred to the university Strengths: financial less expensive; clinical experiences at the CC with clinical emphasis and patient bedside care; opportunity for direct transfer to the university Students mostly satisfied Williams, et al, 2005
14 Factors related to progression and retention rates in RN-BSN No standardized benchmarks Graduation: 1-5 years, % Retention: % Retention initiatives nursing orientation, core week class with 4 week mentoring, 1 day a week classes, course flexibility, part-time classes, fostering faculty/staff relationships with students, and cohort progression
15 Factors related to progression and retention rates in RN-BSN Predictors of success flexible work schedules, nondemanding family responsibilities, financial and personal support, realistic expectations, motivation, GPA and fewer hours worked per week. Program effectiveness measures senior capstone achievement, awards/honors, surveys, job placement rates, graduating senior summary statements, certification rates, progression to graduate school, faculty developed surveys, HESI comprehensive exams and student portfolios. Robertson, et al, 2010
16 Avoiding Social Pitfalls Return to School syndrome Honeymoon Conflict Reintegration Student introduced to model at the beginning Student & faculty can recognize stage and assist Improved socialization and outcomes Utley-Smith, et al, 2007
17 Presenter Ann O Sullivan, MSN, RN, CNE, NE-BC Assistant Dean, Blessing-Rieman College of Nursing Quincy, IL Special thanks to Sara Reynolds, SN4 Research Assistant, BRCN
18 References Cangelosi, P. (2006). RN-to-BSN education: Creating a context that uncovers new possibilities. Journal of Nursing Education, 45(5), Delaney, C. & Piscopo, B. (2004). RN-BSN programs: Associate degree and diploma nurses perceptions of the benefits and barriers to returning to school. Journal for Nurses in Staff Development, 20(4), Lillibridge, J. & Fox, S. (2005). RN to BSN education. What do RNs think? Nurse Educator, 30 (1), Megginson, L. (2008). RN-BSN education: 21 st century barriers and incentives. Journal of Nursing Management, 16, Robertson, S., Canary, C.W., Orr, M., Herberg, P. and Rutledge, D. (2010). Factors related to progression and graduation rates for RN-to-Bachelor of Science in Nursing programs: searching for realistic benchmarks. Journal of Professional Nursing, 26(2), Sitzman, K. & Leners, D.W. (2006). Student perceptions of caring in online baccalaureate education. Nursing Education Perspectives, 27(5), Spencer, J. (2008). Increasing RN-BSN enrollments: facilitating articulation through curriculum reform. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 39(7), Utley-Smith, Q., Phillips, B. & Turner, K. (2007). Avoiding socialization pitfall in accelerated second-degree nursing education: the returning-to-school syndrome model. Educational Innovations, 46(9), Williams, R., Hall, S. & Papenhausen, J. (2005). The collaborative track option for BSN education. The best of both worlds. Nurse Educator, 30(2),
RN-to-BSN Education: The Imperative for Rapid Change Susan Sportsman, PhD, RN, ANEF Director, Academic Consulting Group Nursing is unique among all health professions because it has multiple educational
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