University of Colorado at Boulder Department of Economics. ECONOMIC DEMOGRAPHY Economics Summer 1999

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "University of Colorado at Boulder Department of Economics. ECONOMIC DEMOGRAPHY Economics Summer 1999"

Transcription

1 . ~s/cours /summer syllabus.htm University of Colorado at Boulder Department of Economics ECONOMIC DEMOGRAPHY Economics Summer 1999 Professor Charles M. Becker IBS --.Building 3 (1424 Broadway, Room 105A) office hours: Friday 10:00-12:00 or by appointment class:tuesday-thursday, 8:00-10:30 AM - Room: t.b.a. This is an interdisciplinary course that covers issues relating to the causes and consequences of population growth, and other demographic phenomena. The course will emphasize both the micro-theoretic household production framework as well as more aggregated approaches. This course will emphasize issues and models applicable to developing countries, but will incorporate some consideration of North America; Europe and eastern Asia as well. This course is taught at a level appropriate for either Master's or Ph.D. students. Some background in microeconomic theory will be necessary, or can be acquired concurrently. Other effective prerequisites include calculus, introductory econometrics, and a bit of linear algebra. 1. OBJECTIVE AND STRUCTURE. This course will survey a wide range of topics. Those on which we concentrate will to some extent be chosen by the group, although in lectures I will try to give an overview of the field. Beyond an overview, several graduate students now at (or around) the dissertation stage will be asked to make presentations, both to present new material and to give you an idea of possibilities (and problems). Finally, each student will need to get involved in original research in a particular area. In particular, I hope that many of you will choose to use household or relatively disaggregated data sets in doing empirical work. Ideally, the research you undertake here will lead to publication and/or a dissertation topic. Classes will start on June 1 and will run bi-weekly through July 9 (except for June 24), for a total of 11 meetings. Ifwe fall behind, then we have the option to continue them up through July 23. I will give overview lectures during this period, interspersed with one presentation apiece on a topic of interest ( minutes in length), and senior graduate student presentations. At present, I anticipate 7 lectures from me, and 4 classes of graduate student presentations. There will be no class meetings July 26-30, mainly because I am encouraging everyone to sit in on Professor Franz Willekens' weeklong seminar on loglinear modeling and missing data. We will then meet daily August 1-4 for presentations of seminar participants' research papers. 2. TOPICS. I. Overview 1. Historic trends in demographic and economic variables 2. Malthus, population growth, and food scarcity. II. The Economic Determinants of Demographic Phenomena 3. Fertility and Population Growth 4. Mortality and Famine 5. Migration 6. Marriage and Household Formation 7. Morbidity, Health, and AIDS 8. Women, work, wages, and fertility III. Economic Consequences of Demographic Change 9. Population Growth, Savings, and Economic Development 10. Population Growth and Inequality, plus Intrahousehold Distributional Issues 11. Economic consequences of demographic phenomena: wages and technological change 12. As the World Ages: Pension Reform and Health Care 13. Crime and miscellany I of :20 AM

2 Colorado.EDU/Ecor -:s/cours /sumrner sy llabus.htm 3. COURSE REQUIREMENTS. The final grade will be a weighted average of the following: a. fmal examination - 25 b. 2 in-class presentations - 25 c. tenn paper - 50% Late papers or missed presentations or exams will receive an automatic grade off unless permission is granted 48 hours prior to the due date. The Graduate School must approve exceptions due to emergencies. 4. READING LIST. I will keep most but not all of the readings in a convenient central location for you to borrow and photocopy. There are three required books: Allessandro Cigno Economics of the Family. Oxford: Clarendon Press, William McNeil!. Plagues and Peoples. New York: Doubleday, US Bureau of the Census, Report WP/98, World Population Profile Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, Available at Supplementary (not ordered): Richard.A. Easterlin, ed. Population and Economic Change in Developing Countries. Chicago, University of Chicago Press for the NBER Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. W. Keith Bryant. The Economic Organization of the Household. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge Univ. Press, Copies ofrequired books will be available at the CU Bookstore. The reading list below is incomplete, and heavily emphasizes papers I read and found interesting, or would like to read. In consequence, there are a lot of recent pieces in draft form. I have also listed several pieces because they use a data set or technique that might be of interest. Anyway, despite being incomplete, it is more than you can read, and you will need to be selective, reading in detail only in those areas of research interest to you. Please note as well that you can access many journals via JSTOR at This includes: American Economic Review (AER) Journal of Political Economy (JPE) Quarterly Journal of Economics (QJE) Journal of Economic Perspectives (JEP) Demography Population - English selection Population and Development Review (PDR) Population Studies Studies in Family Planning through I. OVERVIEW R. W. Fogel. "Economic Growth, Population Theory and Physiology." AER W. McNeil!. Plagues and Peoples. New York: Doubleday, Becker, G. The Economic Approach to Human Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, E. Boserup. Population and Technological Change. Chicago: University of Chicago Press A. Coale. The Growth and Structure of Human Populations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, R.A. Easterlin, ed. Population and Economic Change in Developing Countries. Chicago, Univ. of Chicago Press for the NBER Schultz, T.P. Economics of Population. Addison-Wesley, HISTORIC TRENDS IN DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC VARIABLES J. Caldwell, "Toward a Restatement of Demographic Transition Theory." PDR 1976 (September/ December). R.A. Easterlin, ed. Population and Economic Change in Developing Countries. Chicago, University of Chicago Press for the 2 of 12

3 'cs/cours /sumrner syllabus.htm NBER E. van de Walle and A. Foster. "Fertility Decline in Africa." Washington, DC: World Bank Technical Paper no. 125, R. Willis, "The Direction oflntergenerational Transfers and the Demographic Transition: The Caldwell Hypothesis Reexamined," PDR 1982: World Bank. World Development Report Washington, DC: World Bank, MALTHUS, POPULATION GROWTH, AND FOOD SCARCITY G. Acsadi, G. Johnson-Acsadi, and R. Bulatao, eds. Population Growth and Reproduction in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, DC: World Bank, N. Birdsall. "Economic Approaches to Population Growth" in H. Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan, eds. Handbook of Development Economics, vol. I. Amsterdam: North-Holland, J. Bongaarts "Population pressure and food supply in the developing world." PDR 22(3). P. Dasgupta "The population problem." Journal of Economic Literature 33(4). P. Erlich et al. "Food Security, Population, and Environment." PDR 1993 (March) 19:1. R.W. Fogel, "The Relevance of Malthus for the Study of Mortality Today," Cambridge, MA: NBER historical paper no. 54, March J. Lee and Wang Feng "Malthusian models and Chinese reality: China's demographic system " PDR 25( 1 ). V. Smit. "How Many People Can the Earth Feed?" PDR 1994 (June) 20:2. M. Tiffin and M. Mortimore, "Malthus Controverted: The Role of Capital and Technology in Growth and Environment Recovery in Kenya," World Development :7. U. Lele and S. Stong. "Population Pressure, the Environment and Agricultural Intensification." Washington, DC: World Bank MADIA discussion paper 4, S. Patel, T. Pinckney and W. Jaeger, "Smallholder Wood Production and Population Pressure in East Africa." Williamstown, MA: Williams College Center for Development Economics research memorandum 137, December II. THE ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF DEMOGRAPHIC PHENOMENA 3. FERTILITY AND POPULATION GROWTH S. Abadian "Women's autonomy and its impact on fertility." World Development 24(12). G. Akerlof, J. Yellen, and M. Katz "An analysis ofout-of-wedlock childbearing in the United States." QJE 111(2). L. Argys, S. Averett and D. Rees "The impact of economic incentives on teenage sexual activity and contraceptive use." Denver, CO: U of Colorado at Denver, Department of Economics, unpubl. ms. T. Bergstrom. "A Survey of Theories of the Family," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. A.Blanc and S. Rutstein, "The Demographic Transition in Southern Africa," Demography 1994 (May) 31:2 pp Also see the two articles by D. Thomas and I. Muvandi in the same issue, and with the same title. W. Butz and M. Ward, "The Emergence of Countercyclical US Fertility," AER :3, pp J. Caldwell, "Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa," PDR 1994 (March) 20: I pp J. Caldwell and P. Caldwell, "The South African Fertility Decline," PDR 1993 (June) 19:2. J. Caldwell et al "The Bangladesh fertility decline: An interpretation." PDR 25(1). A.Cigna. Economics of the Family. Oxford: Clarendon Press, B.Cohen "The emerging fertility transition in sub-saharan Africa." World Development 26(8). D. DeTray, "Children's World Activities in Malaysia," PDR 1983 (September). T. Dow et al. "Wealth Flow and Fertility Decline in Kenya" PDR 1994 (June) 20:3. R. Easterlin, "The American Baby Boom in Historical Perspective," AER 1961 (December): J. Gruber, P. Levine, and D. Staiger "Abortion legalization and child living circumstances: Who is the 'Marginal Child'?" QJE 114(1): V.J. Hotz, J.A. Klerman, and R.J. Willis. "The Economics of Fertility in Developed Countries," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. T. Kane and D. Staiger "Teen motherhood and abortion access." QJE 111 (2). H. Leibenstein. "An Interpretation ofthe Economic Theory of Fertility." JEL 1974 (June): (see M. Keeley's comment, JEL June 1975:461-8). K. Oppenheim Mason "Explaining fertility transitions." Demography 34( 4). J. Nugent, "The Old-Age Security Motive for Fertility," PDR 1985 (March) 11 : 1 J. Nugent and S. Sabhlok "Institutions and the old age security theory of fertility in rural Thailand." Los Angeles: University of Southern California, Department of Economics, unpubl. ms. A.Palloni and H. Rafalimanana "The effects of infant mortality on fertility revisited: new evidence from Latin America." Demography 36(1). M. Pitt et al "Credit programs for the poor and reproductive behavior in low-income countries." Demography 36(1). R. Pollack and M. Wachter, "The Relevance of the Household Production Function and Its Implication for the Allocation of Time," JPE 1975 (April). 3 of 12

4 http ://www. Colorado.EDU/Eco- ~s/cours /summer sy llabus.htm R. Pollack and S.C. Watkins. "Cultural and Economic Approaches to Fertility," PDR 1993 (September) 19:3. A.Ratcliffe, A. Hill, and G. Walraven "Children from Many Wives: The Experience of Male and Female Fertility in The Gambia." Boston MA: Harvard Univ School of Public Health, unpubl. ms. M. Rosenzweig, "The Demand for Children in Farm Households," JPE 1977 (February): M. Rosenzweig and R. Evenson, "Fertility, Schooling, and the Economic Contribution of Children in Rural India," Econometrica 1977 (July): M. Rosenzweig and K. Wolpin, "Life-Cycle Labor Supply and Fertility: Causal Inferences from Household Models," JPE 1980 (April): A.Rutten and R. Higgs, "Graphic Tests of Easterlin's Hypothesis: Science or Art?" Research in Population Economics pp T.P. Schultz. "Demand for Children in Low Income Countries," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. D. Smith, "A Reconsideration of Easterlin Cycles," Population Studies K. Subbarao and L. Raney "Social gains from female education: a cross-national study." Economic Development and Cultural Change 44(1). A. van Praag, and M.F. Warnaar, "The Cost of Children and the Use of Demographic Variables in Consumer Demand," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. M. Ward and W. Butz, "Completed Fertility and Its Timing," JPE 1980 October: L. Whittington, J. Alm and E. Peters, "Fertility and the Personal Exemption," AER J. Zhang and R. Sturm, "When Do Couples Sign the One-Child Certificate in Urban China?" Population Research and Policy Review 1994 (March) 13: I, pp D.Thomas and J. Maluccio "Fertility, contraceptive choice, and public policy in Zimbabwe." World Bank Economic Review 10(1). G. Becker. A Treatise on the Family. Cambridge, MA: Harvard A. Coale, ed. Economic Factors in Population Growth. New York: John Wiley, S.H. Cochrane. Fertility and Education. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins R. Easterlin, "Relative Economic Status and the American Fertility Swing," in E. Sheldon, ed. Family Economic Behavior R. Easterlin, "An Economic Framework for Fertility Analysis," Studies in Family Planning 1975 (March): R.A. Easterlin, ed. Population and Economic Change in Developing Countries. Chicago, University of Chicago Press for the NBER R. Easterlin and E. Crimmins. The Fertility Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, B. Fleisher and G. Rhodes, "Fertility, Women's Wage Rates, and Labor Supply." AER 1979 (March): A.Golini "How Low Can Fertility Be?" PDR 24 (I). R. Hodge and N. Ogawa. Fertility Change in Contemporary Japan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, E. Jones and F. Grupp. Modernization, Value Change and Fertility in the Soviet Union. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, A. Kelley and C. Nobbe. Kenya at a Demographic Turning Point? Washington, DC: World Bank discussion paper 107, B.S. Lee and L. Pol., "The Influence of Rural-Urban Migration on Migrants' Fertility in Korea, Mexico and Cameroon." Population Research and Policy Review :3-26. R. Lee, P. Galloway and E, Hammel, "Fertility Decline in Prussia: Estimating Influences of Supply, Demand, and Degree of Control." Demography 1994 (May) 31:2, pp N.E. Maglad, "Fertility in Rural Sudan: The Effect of Landholding and Child Mortality," EDCC 1994 (July) 42:4. R. Michael, "Consequences of the Rise in Female Labor Force Participation Rates," J Labor Economics 1985 (January):S I I L. Pritchett, "Desired Fertility and the Impact of Population Policies," PDR I 994 (March) 20: I, pp M. Rendall and R. Bahchieva. I 998. "An Old-Age Security Motive for Fertility in the United States?"PDR 24 (2). T.P. Schultz. "Human Capital, Family Planning, and Their Effects on Population Growth," AER 1994 (May) 84:2 pp T.W. Schultz, ed. Economics of the Family. Chicago: University of Chicago Press for NBER, MORTALITY AND FAMINE K.D. Benefo and T.P. Schultz. "Determinants of Fertility and Child Mortality in Cote d'ivoire and Ghana." Washington, DC: World Bank LSMS working paper no. 103, 1994; also in World Bank Economic Review 10(1) (January 1996). J. Currie, J. Gruber, and M. Fischer "Physician payments and infant mortality: evidence from Mediciaid fee policy." AER 85(2). B.G. Kumar, "Low Mortality and High Morbidity in Kerala Reconsidered," PDR 1993 (March) 19:1. R. Fogel. "New Findings on Secular Trends in Nutrition and Mortality," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. E.Frankenberg, Wayan Suriastini,.and D. Thomas "Nutritional Status in Indonesia: Evidence from the 1993 Indonesian Family Life Survey." Journal of Population 2(2). 4 of 12

5 cs/cours /summer syllabus.htm S. Klasen, " 'Missing Women' Reconsidered," World Development :7. M. Ravallion "Famines and economics." Journal of Economic Literature 35(3). A. Sen. Poverty and Famines. Oxford: Clarendon Press, R. Sickles and P. Taubman. "Mortality and Morbidity among Adults and the Elderly," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. J.P. Smith and R. Kington "Demographic and economic correlates of health in old age." Demography 34(1). K. Wolpin. "Determinants and Consequences of Mortality and Health oflnfants and Children," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. H. Alderman and M. Garcia, "Food Security and Health Security: Explaining the Levels of Nutritional Status in Pakistan," EDCC :3. G.H. Chang and G.J. Wen "Communal dining and the Chinese famine of " Economic Development and Cultural Change 46(1 ). J. Dreze and A. Sen. Hunger and Public Action. Oxford: Clarendon Press, M. Glantz, ed. Drought and Hunger in Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, T. Guinnane, "The Great Irish Famine and Population," AER 1994 (May) 84:2, pp M.M. Khan, "Market-based Early Warning Indicators of Famine for the Pastoral Households of the Sahel." World Development :2. M. Ravallion and B. Sen "When method matters: monitoring poverty in Bangladesh." Economic Development and Cultural Change 44(4). D. Sahn. "Malnutrition in Cote d'ivoire." Washington, DC: World Bank SDA working paper no.4, P. Webb, J. von Braun and Y. Yohannes. Famine in Ethiopia. Washington, DC: IFPRI research report 92, DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE IN THE FORMER USSR AND EASTERN EUROPE. (AND INDONESIA FOR THE SAKE OF CONTRAST) C.Becker and D; Bloom, eds "Special Issue: The Demographic Crisis in the Former Soviet Union." World Development 26.(11). J.L. Bobadilla, C. Costello and F. Mitchell, eds Premature Death in the New Independent States. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. J. Davanzo, ed Russia's Demographic "Crisis." Santa Monica, CA: RAND. N. Eberstadt, "Demographic Shocks after Communism: Eastern Germany, ," PDR 1994 (March) 20: 1 pp E. Frankenberg, D. Thomas, and K. Beegle "The real cost of economic crisis: Preliminary findings from the Indonesia family life surveys." Santa Monica: RAND Labor and Population Program working paper series D.Thomas et al "Household budgets, household composition and the crisis in Indonesia: Evidence from longitudinal household survey data." Santa Monica, CA: RAND, unpubl. ms. K. Anderson and C, Becker "Labor force participation among the elderly in the Kyrgyz Republic." Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan and Miami, FL: IMCC, unpubl ms. J. Bryant "Communism, Poverty, and Demographic Change in North Vietnam." PDR 24 (2). L. Darsky and S. Scherbov "Marital status behaviour of women in the former Soviet republics," European Journal of Population 11 : L. Hooper "Fertility Trends in the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany: " Washington, DC: US Bureau of the Census, unpubl. ms. W. Lutz, S. Scherbov and A. Volkov, eds. Demographic Trends and Patterns in the Soviet Union before London: Routledge, MIGRATION AND URBANIZATION H. Barnum and R. Sabot, Education, Employment Probabilities, and Rural-Urban Migration in Tanzania, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics :2. C.Becker and C. Grewe. "Rural-Urban Migration in Africa: Do Age-Gender Cohorts Matter?" Journal of African Economies, 5:2 June 1996, pp C.Becker and A. Morrison, "Observational Equivalence in the Modeling of African Labor Markets and Urbanization." World Development :4. C.Becker and A. Morrison. "The Determinants of Population Growth in sub-saharan Africa." EDCC :2. C.Becker and A. Morrison. "Urbanization in Transforming Economies," in P. Cheshire and E. Mills, eds Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Vol. 3. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. J. Behrman and B. Wolfe, "Micro Determinants of Female Migration in a Developing Country," Research in Population Economics pp J. DaVanzo. "Repeat Migration in the United States: Who Moves Back and Who Moves On?" Review of Economics and Statistics 1983 (November). E.Funkhouser. I 997. "Mobility and labor market segmentation: the urban labor market in El Salvador." Economic Development and Cultural Change 46(1). ' 5 of 12

6 -:s/cours /summer syllabus.htm A.Goldstein, M. White, and S. Goldstein "Migration, fertility, and state policy in Hubei Province, China." Demography 34(4). M. Greenwood. "Internal Migration in Developed Countries," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. J. Harris and M. Todaro, "Migration, Unemployment and Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," AER March : J.V. Henderson. Urban Development. New York: Oxford University Press, R. Johnson and J. Da Vanzo "Economic and cultural influences on the decision to leave home in peninsular Malaysia." Demography 35(1). R. Lalonde and R. Topel, "Economic Impact of International Migration and the Economic Performance of Migrants," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. R. Lucas. "Internal Migration in Developing Countries," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. A.Morrison, "Unproductive Migration Reconsidered: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Framework for Analyzing Internal Migration." Oxford Economic Papers : A. Razin and E. Sadka, "International Migration and International Trade," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. 0. Stark. The Migration of Labor. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, C. Becker, J. Williamson and E. Mills. Indian Urbanization and Economic growth since Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, C. Becker, A. Hamer and A. Morrison. Beyond Urban Bias in Africa. Portsmouth, NG: Heinemann, M. Greenwood, "Human Migration: Theory, Models, and Empirical Studies," Journal of Regional Science :4. M. Greenwood, "Internal Migration in Developing Countries," forthcoming in M. Rosenzweig, ed. North-Holland handbook volume on population economics. A. Kelley and J. Williamson. What Drives Third World City Growth? Princeton: Princeton University Press, E. Mills and C. Becker. Studies in Indian Urban Development. New York: Oxford University Press, D. Rondinelli. Secondary Cities in Developing Countries. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, A.Valenchik, "Cash Seeking Behaviour and Migration: A Place-to-Place Migration Function for Cote d'ivoire," Journal of African Economies 1993 (December) 2:3. K.C. Zachariah and J. Conde. Migration in West Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, MARRIAGE, HOUSEHOLD FORMATION, AND HOUSEHOLD DISSOLUTION G. Becker, E. Landes and M. Michael, "An Economic Analysis of Marital Instability," JPE 1977 (December): J. Behrman, N. Birdsall, and A. Deolalikar "Marriage markets, labor markets, and unobserved human capital: an empirical exploration for south-central India." Economic Development and Cultural Change 43(3). Y. Ben-Porath, "The F-Connection: Families, Friends and Firms in the Organization of Exchange," PDR 1980:1-30. K. Burdett and M. Coles "Marriage and class." QJE 112(1). S. Cheung, "The Enforcement of Property Rights in Children and the Marriage Contract," Economic Journal 1972 (June): A. Cigno. Economics of the Family. Oxford: Clarendon Press, G. Duncan and S. Hoffman, "A Reconsideration of the Economic Consequences of Marital Dissolution," Demography 1985 (November). H. Jacoby (October). "The Economics of Polygeny in Sub-Saharan Africa," JPE 105 (5). D. Lam and R. Schoeni (August). "Effects of family background on earnings and returns to schooling: Evidence from Brazil." JPE 101(4) R. Moffiµ, R. Reville, and A. Winkler "Beyond single mothers: cohabitation and marriage in the AFDC program." Demography 35(3). V. Oppenheimer, M. Kalmijn, and N. Lim "Men's career development and marriage timing during a period of rising inequality." Demography 34(3). H.E. Peters, "Marriage and Divorce: Informational Constraints and Private Contracting," AER 1986 (June): R. Pollack, "A Transaction Cost Approach to Families and Households," JEL 1985 (June): S. Preston and J. MacDonald, "The Incidence of Divorce within Cohorts of American Marriages Contracted since the Civil War," Demography 1979 (February):! V. Rao (August). "The rising price of husbands: A hedonic analysis of dowry increases in rural India." JPE 101(4) S. Ruggles "The rise of divorce and separation in the United States, " Demography 34(4). P. Smock and W. Manning "Cohabiting partners' economic circumstances and marriage." Demography 34(3). W. Suen and H-K Lui "A direct test of the efficient marriage market hypothesis." Economic Inquiry 37(1). Y. Weiss. "The Formation and Dissolution of Families," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. 6 of :20 AM

7 Colorado. EDU/Eco/ :s/cours /summer syllabus.htm M. Ainsworth, "Economic Aspects of Child Fostering in Cote d'ivoire." Washington, DC: World Bank LSMS paper no. 92, M.J. Bane and D. Ellwood, "Slipping into and out of Poverty: The Dynamics of Spells," J Human Resources 1986 (Winter): G. Becker. A Treatise on the Family. Cambridge, MA: Harvard T. Bergstrom "Economics in a family way." Journal of Economic Literature 34(4). W. Keith Bryant. The Economic Organization of the Household. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press, T. Espenshade, "Marriage Trends in America," PDR 1985 (June): A. Frieden, "The United States Marriage Market," JPE 1974 (March/April):S R. Hutchens, "Welfare, Remarriage and Marital Search," AER 1979 (June): W. Johnson, and J. Skinner, "Labor Supply and Marital Separation," AER 1986 (June): M. Keeley, "An Analysis of the Age Pattern of First Marriage," International Economic Rev 1979 (June): S. Lundberg and R. Pollack, "Noncooperative Bargaining Models of Marriage," AER 1994 (May) 84:2, pp J. Nelson, "I, Thou, and Them: Capabilities, Altruism and Norms in the Economics of Marriage," AER 1994 (May) 84:2 R. Pollack, "For Better or Worse: The Roles of Power in Models of Distribution within Marriage," AER 1994 (May) 84:2. S. Preston and A. Richards, "The Influence of Women's Work Opportunities on Marriage Rates," Demography 1975 (May). Y. Weiss and R. Willis, "Children as Collective Goods and Divorce Settlements," J. Labor Economics 1985 (July): R. Willis, "What Have We Learned from the Economics of the Family?" AER 1987 (May). 7. MORBIDITY, HEALTH, AND AIDS S. Appleton "The Impact of Public Services on Health Care and Illness: A Treatment Effects Model with Sample Selectivity." Journal of African Economies 7 (1). M. Audibert and J-F Etard "Impact of Schistosomiasis on Rice Output and Farm Inputs in Mali." Journal of African Economies 7 (2). S. Becker and R. Black "A model of child morbidity, mortality, and health interventions." PDR 220). J. Behrman and A. Deolalikar. "Health and Nutrition" in H. Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan, eds. Handbook of Development Economics, vol. 1. Amsterdam: North-Holland, J. Behrman and V. Levy, "Children's Health and Achievement in School." Washington, DC: World Bank LSMS working paper 104, J. Bongaarts "Global trends in AIDS mortality." PDR 22(1). J. Caldwell et al. "The Social Context of AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa," PDR 1989 (June) 15:2. J. Caldwell and P. Caldwell, "The Nature and Limits of the sub-saharan AIDS Epidemic: Evidence from Geographic and Other Patterns," PDR 1993 (December) 19:4. J.B. Figueroa and N. Breen "Significance of underclass residence on the stage of breast or cervical cancer diagnosis." AER 85(2). A.Foster "Nutrition and health investment." AER 85(2). E. Frankenberg et al "Health, Education, and the Economic Crisis in Indonesia." Santa Monica, CA: RAND, unpubl. ms. S. Gregson, "Will HIV Become a Major Determinant of Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa?" J Development Studies 1994 (April) 30:3 pp J. Hammer, "The Economics of Malaria Control," World Bank Research Observer 1993 (January) 8: 1. D.Haughton and J. Haughton "Explaining child nutrition in Vietnam." Economic Development and Cultural Change 45(3). T-W Hu, H-Y Sung, and T. Keeler "The state antismoking campaign and the industry response: the effects of advertising on cigarette consumption in California." AER 85(2). Dean T. Jamison, et al., eds Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press for the World Bank. A.Kassouf and B. Senauer "Direct and indirect effects of parental education on malnutrition among children in Brazil: a full income approach." Economic Development and Cultural Change 44(4). A.Kochar (April). "Evaluating family support for the elderly: The intrahousehold allocation of medical expenditures in rural Pakistan," EDCC 47(3). M. Kremer. "Can Having Fewer Partners Increase Prevalence of AIDS?" Cambridge: NBER working paper 4942, December M. Kremer "Integrating behavioral choice into epidemiological models of AIDS." QJE 111 (2). D.Sahn and H. Alderman "On the determinants of nutrition in Mozambique: the importance of age-specific effects." World Development 25(4). J. Strauss and D. Thomas "Health, nutrition, and economic development." Journal of Economic Literature 36(2). D.Thomas, D. Contreras, and E. Frankenberg "Child Health and the Distribution of Household Resources at Marriage," Santa Monica, CA: RAND, unpubl. ms.us Bureau of the Census, Report WP/98, World Population Profile Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, Available at G. Warner "Prenatal care demand and birth weight production of black mothers." AER 85(2). 7 of 12

8 ~s/cours /summer syllabus.htm S. White-Means and M. Thornton "What cost savings could be realized by shifting patterns of use from hospital emergency rooms to primary care sites?" AER 85(2). M. Ainsworth and M. Over, "AIDS and African Development," World Bank Research Observer 1994 (July) 9:2. J. Aron and P. Davis, "A Comparative Review of the Economic Impact of Selected Infectious Diseases in Africa." Washington, DC: USAID Bureau for Africa ARTS technical paper no. 2, February C. Becker, "The Demo-Economic Impact of the AIDS Pandemic in sub-saharan Africa." World Development :12. E. Frankenberg et al "Indonesia's economic crisis and its effects on health and family planning." Santa Monica, CA: RAND, unpubl. ms. G. Kambou, S. Devarajan and M. Over. "The Economic Impact of AIDS in an African Country." J. African Economies : 1. T.P. Schultz and A. Tansel. "Measurement of Returns to Adult Health." Washington, DC: World Bank LSMS working paper 95, World Bank. Tanzania: AIDS Assessment and Planning Study. Washington, DC: World Bank, WOMEN, WORK, WAGES, AND FERTILITY S. Allegretto and S. Arthur "Unmarried and Unequal: An Empirical Analysis of Homosexual/ Heterosexual Male Earnings Differentials." Urbana, IL: University of Illinois, unpubl. ms. S. Appleton, J. Hoddinott and P. Krishnan "The gender gap in three African countries." Economic Development and Cultural Change 47(2). R. Barros, L. Fox, and R. Mendonca "Female-headed households, poverty, and the welfare of children in urban Brazil." Economic Development and Cultural Change 45(2). N. Birdsall and R. Sabot, eds Unfair Advantage: Labor Market Discrimination in Developing Countries. Washington, DC: World Bank. F. Blau and M. Ferber The Economics of Women, Men, and Work. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. J. Camey, "Peasant Women and Economic Transformation in The Gambia," Development and Change : W. Darity, Jr "The formal structure of a gender-segregated low-income economy." World Development 23(11 ). See also the (1997) exchange with D. Campbell and J. Warner, World Development 25(12). N. Folbre "Engendering economics: new perspectives on women, work, and demographic change. " in M. Bruno and B. Pleskovic, eds. Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics Washington, DC: World Bank. L. Haddad and J. Hoddinott, "Women's Income and Boy-Girl Anthropometric Status in Cote d'ivoire." World Development (4). S. Randa "The determinants offemale headship in Jamaica." Economic Development and Cultural Change 44(4). S. Hashemi, S. Schuler, and A. Riley "Rural credit programs and women's empowerment in Bangladesh." World Development 24( 4 ). M. Murthi, A-C Guio, and J. Dreze "Mortality, fertility, and gender bias in India." PDR 21 ( 4). B.Roe, L. Wittington, S.B. Fein, and M. Teisl "ls there competition between breastfeeding and maternal employment?" Demography 36(2). A.Siow (April). "Differential fecundity, markets, and gender roles." JPE 106(2). A.Varley "Women heading households: some more equal than others?" World Development 24(3). United Nations: Internal Migration of Women in Developing Countries. New York: UN. A. Adepoju and C. Oppong, eds. Gender, Work and Population in Sub-Saharan Africa. London: James Currey, I.Palmer. Gender and Population in the Adjustment of African Economies. Geneva: ILO, G. Standing, "The Changing Position of Women in Russian Industry: Prospects of Marginalization," World Development 1994 (February) 22:2, pp World Bank. GenderNet website. World Development 25(8) August Special section: gender and property rights. III. ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE 9. POPULATION GROWTH AND SA VIN GS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT R. Barlow, "Population Growth and Economic growth: Some More Correlations," PDR 1994 (March) 20:1, pp G.Becker and C. Mulligan "The endogenous determination oftime preference." QJE 112(3). D.Bloom and J. Williamson "Demographic transitions and economic miracles in emerging Asia." World Bank Economic Review 12(3). C.Carroll "Buffer-stock saving and the life cycle/permanent income hypothesis." QJE 112( 1 ). M. Cropper and C. Griffiths, "The Interaction of Population Growth and Environmental Quality," AER 1994 (May) 84:2, pp A.Deaton and C. Paxson "The effects of economic and population growth on national saving and inequality." Demography 34(1). 0. Galor and D. Weil "The gender gap, fertility, and growth." AER 86(3). M. Higgins "Demography, national savings and international capital flows." New York: Federal Reserve Bank of New 8 of 12

9 ~s/cours /summer syllabus.htm York Staff Reports No. 34. M. Higgins and J. Williamson "Age structure dynamics in Asia and dependence on foreign capital." PDR 23(2). S. Johansson "Life cycles, oil cycles, or financial reforms? The growth in private savings rates in Indonesia." World Development 26( 1 ). A. Kelley. "Population Pressures, Saving, and Investment in the Third World." EDCC :3. R. Lee. "Population Dynamics: Equilibrium, Disequilibrium, and Consequences of Fluctuations," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. R. Lee, A. Mason, and T. Miller "Saving, wealth, and the demographic transition in East Asia." Berkeley, CA: University of California Department of Demography, unpubl. ms. R. Lee, A. Mason, and T. Miller October). "Life cycle saving and the demographic transition in East Asia." Berkeley, CA: University of California Department of Demography, unpubl. ms. R. Lee, A. Mason, and T. Miller (October). "Saving, wealth, and population." Berkeley, CA: University of California Department of Demography, unpubl. ms. F. Lewis, "Fertility and Savings in the United States." JPE 1983 (October). M. Nerlove and L.K. Raut. "Growth Models with Endogenous Population," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. A.Razin and U. Ben Zion, "An Intergenerational Model of Population Growth," AER 1975 (December): D. Weil, "The Saving of the Elderly in Micro and Macro Data," Quarterly Journal of Economics 1994 (February) 109: 1. G. Becker, "Family Economics and Macro Behavior," AER 1988 (March). M. Browning and A. Lusardi "Household saving: micro theories and micro facts." Journal of Economic Literature 34(4). W.K. Bryant. The Economic Organization of the Household. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, R. Lee, "Age Structure, Intergenerational Transfers, Consumption, and Economic Growth," Revue Economique 1980 (November): N. Leff. "Dependency Rates and Savings Rates." AER 1969 (December). C.P. Timmer, "Population, Poverty, and Policies," AER 1994 (May) 84:2, pp K.F. Zimmerman, ed. Economic Theory of Optimal Population. Berlin: Springer-Verlag IO. POPULATION GROWTH, DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE, AND INEQUALITY -- PLUS INTRAHOUSEHOLD DISTRIBUTIONAL ISSUES H. Alderman, J. Behrman, S. Khan, D. Ross, and R.Sabot "The income gap in cognitive skills in rural Pakistan." Economic Development and Cultural Change 46( 1 ). American Economic Review (May) 88(2). Papers on intergenerational relations by T. Smeeding & D. Sullivan; D. Macunovich; and D. Alhburg. G. Becker and N. Tomes, "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," J. Labor Economics 1986 (July):SI-47. J. Behrman and P. Taubman, "Intergenerational Transmission of Income and Wealth," AER 1976 (May): J. Behrman and P. Taubman, "Birth Order, Schooling, and Earnings," J. Labor Economics 1986 (July):Sl Y. Ben-Porath, ed. Income Distribution and the Family. PDR 1982 vol. 8 supplement. B.D. Bernheim, A. Schleifer and L. Summers, "The Strategic Bequest Motive," J. Labor Economics 1986 (July):S A.Bjorklund and M. Jantti "Intergenerational income mobility in Sweden compared to the United States." AER 85(5). B. Boulier, "Income Redistribution and Fertility Decline: A Skeptical View," PDR S. Bowles, "Schooling and Inequality from Generation to Generation," JPE 1972:S A.Deaton and C. Paxson (June). "lntertemporal choice and inequality." JPE 102(3) R.A. Easterlin, ed. Population and Economic Change in Developing Countries. Chicago, University of Chicago Press for the NBER R. Haveman and B. Wolfe "The determinants of children's attainments." Journal of Economic Literature 33(4). J. Knight and R. Sabot. Education, Productivity, and Inequality: The East African Natural Experiment. Oxford: Oxford University Press, D. Lam. "Demographic Variables and Income Inequality," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. P. Menchik, "Inter-generational Transmissions oflnequality," Economica 1979: D. Parsons, "The Economics oflntergenerational Control," PDR 1984 (March): R. Steckel "Stature and the standard ofliving." Journal of Economic Literature 33(4). S. Enke, "The Economic Aspects of Slowing Population Growth," Economic J (March). S. Kuznets, "Demographic Aspects ofthe Size Distribution oflncome," EDCC, 1976 (October):1-94. G. Rodgers, "Population Growth, Inequality, and Poverty," International Labour Rev 1983 (July/August). T.P. Schultz. "Education Investments and Returns" in H. Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan, eds. Handbook of Development Economics, vol. 1. Amsterdam: North-Holland, J. Simon and R. Gobin, "The Relationship between Population and Economic Growth in LDC's," in J. Simon and J. Davanzo, eds., Research in Population Economics of :20 AM

10 -:s/cours /summer syllabus.htm 11. ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF DEMOGRAPHIC PHENOMENA: WAGES AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE G.S. Bakshi and Z. Chen, "Baby Boom, Population Aging, and Capital Markets," Journal of Business 67:2 pp J.R. Behrman. "Intrahousehold Distribution and the Family," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. D.Bloom and J. Williamson "Demographic Transitions and Economic Miracles in Emerging Asia," Cambridge, MA: HIID. E. Boserup. Population and Technological Change. Chicago: University of Chicago Press M. Dooley and P. Gottschalk, "Earnings Inequality among Males in the United States: Trends and the Effect of Labor Force Growth," JPE 1984 (February): R. Easterlin et al. "Will American Baby Boomers Be Less Well Off Than Their Parents?" PDR 1993 (September) 19:3. R. Freeman, "The Effect of Demographic Factors on Age-Earnings Profiles," J. Human Resources 1979 (Summer): A.Kelley. "Economic Consequences of Population Change in the Third World," JEL 1988 (December) 27: pp M. Kremer, "Population Growth and Technological Change: One Million BC to 1990," Quarterly Journal of Economics 1993 (August) 108:3. J. Laitner. "Intergenerational and Interhousehold Economic Links," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. S. Preston and M. Guillot "Population Dynamics in an Age of Declining Fertility." Genus 53 (3-4): J. Robinson and T.N. Srinivasan. "Long-Term Consequences of Population Growth: Technological Change, Natural Resources, and the Environment," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. M. Wachter and W. Wascher, "Leveling the Peaks and Troughs of the Demographic Cycle: An Application to School Enrollment Rates," Review of Economics and Statistics 1984 (May): F. Welch, "Effects of Cohort Size on Earnings," JPE 1979 (October, Part 2):S C.Becker and C. Grewe. "Demographic Change in Asia: Some Implications for Public Policy." Economy and Development (Hanoi: National Economics University), C. Becker, A. Hamer and A. Morrison. Beyond Urban Bias in Africa. Portsmouth, NG: Heinemann, R. Easterlin. Birth and Fortune. New York: Basic Books, A.Kelley and R. Schmidt. Population and Income Change: Recent Evidence. Washington, DC: World Bank discussion paper 249, J. Simon. Population and Development in Poor Countries. Princeton: Princeton University Press, J. Simon. The Economics of Population Growth. Princeton: Princeton University Press, AS THE WORLD AGES: PENSION REFORM AND HEALTH CARE American Economic Review (May) 88(2). Papers on: Social Security and the real economy; Social Security and declining labor force participation; informing retirement-security reform; women and retirement issues; life-cycle and cohort studies of aging; amd demographic trends and economic consequences, pp M.Anderson, S. Tuljapurkar, and R. Lee "Chances are... stochastic forecasts of the social security trust fund and attempts to save it." Berkeley, CA: University of California, Department of Demography, working paper. ftp://bose.stanford.edu/contrib/sosec.htm A.Auerbach, J. Gokhale and L. Kotlikoff "Generational accounting: A meaningful way to assess generational policy." Journal of Economic Perspectives 8(1): J. Banks, R. Blundell, and S. Tanner "Is there a retirement-savings puzzle?" AER 88(4). A.Barrientos "Pension reform, personal pensions and gender differences in pension coverage." World Development 26(1). N. Bennett and S.J. Olshansky "Forecasting US age structure and the future of Social Secutity." PDR 22(4). C.Buckley "Obligations and expectations: renegotiating pensions in the Russian Federation." Austin, TX: University of Texas at Austin Texas Population Center Research Paper J. Cochrane (June). "Time-consistent health insurance." JPE 103(3) T. Cooley and J. Soares (February). "A positive theory of social.security based on reputation." JPE 107(1). J. Currie and J. Gruber "Health insurance eligibility, utilization of medical care, and child health." QJE 111(2). D. Cutler and J. Gruber "Does public insurance crowd out private insurance?" QJE 111(2). P. Diamond "Government provision and regulation of economic support in old age," in M. Bruno and B.Pleskovic, eds. Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics Washington, DC: World Bank. P. Diamond "Proposals to Restructure Social Security." Journal of Economic Perspectives 10 (3). R. Disney "Notional accounts: microeconomic aspects." London: University of London, Queen Mary & Westfield College, Department of Economics, unpubl. ms. R. Fogel and D. Costa "A theory oftechnophysio evolution, with some implications for forecasting population, health care costs, and pension costs." Demography 34(1). 10 of /99 8:20 AM

11 Colorado.EDU/Ecor,...- ~s/cours /summer syllabus.htm E. Gramlich "Different Approaches for Dealing with Social Security." Journal of Economic Perspectives 10 (3). C.Gray "Pension system issues and their relation to economic growth." Cambridge, MA: HIID USAID CAER working paper. J. Gruber and B. Madrian "Health-insurance availability and the retirement decision." AER 85(4). R. Hagemann and C. John "Fiscal reform in Sweden: What intergenerational accounting tells us." Contemporary Economic Policy 15(July). L.S. Ho "A universal fully funded pension scheme." Contemporary Economic Policy 15(July). R.G. Hubbard, J. Skinner, and S. Zeldes (April). "Precautionary saving and social insurance." JPE 103(2). M.D. Hurd. "The Economics oflndividual Aging," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. E.James "New models for old-age security." World Bank Research Observer 13(2). D. Kessler and M. McClellan "Do doctors practice defensive medicine?" QJE 111(2). R.Lee and S. Tuljapurkar "Death and taxes: Longer life, consumption, and Social Security." Demography 34(1): R.Lee and S. Tuljapurkar "Stochastic forecasts for social security," in D. Wise, op.cit.: D.Liemer and P. Petri "Cohort-specific effects of social security policy." National Tax J 34:9-28. L. Lillard and R. Willis "Motives for intergenerational transfers: evidence from Malaysia." Demography 34(1). OECD Maintaining Prosperity in an Aging Society. Paris: OECD. M. Ott "Capital market implications of pension and social insurance reform in the NIS." Washington, DC: World Bank S. Paltsev and C. Becker "Structure and Uses of Pension Reform Models for Transitional Economies: Learning from different Demographic and Macroeconomic Environment." Boulder, CO: University of Colorado IBS, unpubl. ms. T. Philipson and G. Becker (June). "Old-age longevity and mortality-contingent claims." JPE 106(3). J. Poterba, S. Venti, and D. Wise "How Retirement Programs Increase Saving." Journal of Economic Perspectives 10 (4). R. Schoeni "Reassessing the decline in parent-child old-age coresidence during the twentieth century." Demography 35(3). D.Weig "Pension reform and financial market development." Miami: FL: IMCC and Cambridge, MA: HIID, USAID CAER working paper. D.Weil. "The Economics of Population Aging," in Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, eds Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier North-Holland. D. Wise "Retirement against the demographioc trend: more older people living longer, working less, and saving less." Demography 34(1). D.Wise, ed Frontiers in the Economics of Aging. Chicago: U of Chicago Press. World Ban)< (Estelle James, dir.) Averting the Old Age Crisis. New York: Oxford U. Press. World Bank China 2020: Old Age Security. Washington, DC: World Bank. H. Aaron, B. Bosworth and G. Burtless Can America Afford to Grow Old Paying for Social Security? Washington, DC: Brookings. W. De Geyndt. "Managing Health Expenditures under National Health Insurance." Washington, DC: World Bank technical paperno. 156, A.Demirguc-Kunt and A. Schwarz "Costa Rican pension system: options for reform." Washington, DC: World Bank Policy Research Working Paper JCH Emery and I. Rongve "Much ado about nothing? Demographic bulges, the productivity puzzle, and CPP [Canada Pension Plan] reform." Contemporary Economic Policy 17 (1). L. Fox, E. Palmer and D. Mclsaac "Latvian pension reform." Washington, DC: World Bank, unpubl. ms.. H. von Gersdorff "Pension reform in Bolivia." Washington, DC: World Bank Policy Research Working Paper C.Leechor "Reforming Indonesia's pension system." Washington, DC: World Bank Policy Research Working Paper E. Montgomery and K. Shaw "Pensions and wage premia." Economic Inquiry 35(3). E.Palmer "The Swedish pension reform model - framework and issues." Stockholm: National Social Insurance Board, unpubl. ms. G. Pennacchi "Government guarantees on pension fund returns." Washington, DC: World Bank Social Protection Discussion Paper Series No M. Queisser "Pension reform and private pension funds in Peru and Columbia." Washington, DC: World Bank Policy Research Working Paper M. Riboud and H. Chu "Pension reform, growth, and the labor market in Ukraine." Washington, DC: World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 1731 C.Serrano. n.d. "Social security reform, income distribution, fiscal policy, and capital accumulation." Washington, DC: World Bank, unpubl. ms. S. Valdes-Prieto "Risks in pensions and annuities: efficient designs. " Washington, DC: World Bank Social Protection Discussion Paper Series No ofl :20 AM

Global Demographic Trends and their Implications for Employment

Global Demographic Trends and their Implications for Employment Global Demographic Trends and their Implications for Employment BACKGROUND RESEARCH PAPER David Lam and Murray Leibbrandt Submitted to the High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda This paper

More information

The impact of sex-selective abortion technology on the evolution of postnatal gender-bias conventions

The impact of sex-selective abortion technology on the evolution of postnatal gender-bias conventions The impact of sex-selective abortion technology on the evolution of postnatal gender-bias conventions Rebeca A. Echávarri Public University of Navarra Extended Abstract There are valuable states of being,

More information

Population Cartogram: size of countries is based on population instead of land area. Which countries are largest in terms of population?

Population Cartogram: size of countries is based on population instead of land area. Which countries are largest in terms of population? Population Cartogram: size of countries is based on population instead of land area. Which countries are largest in terms of population? Population Concentrations Wet lands Dry lands Cold Lands High Lands

More information

APRIL YANYUAN WU RESEARCH INTERESTS:

APRIL YANYUAN WU RESEARCH INTERESTS: APRIL YANYUAN WU Center for Retirement Research Boston College Hovey House 140 Commonwealth Ave Chestnut Hill, MA, 02467 (617) 552-1876 email: wuuv@bc.edu RESEARCH INTERESTS: Public Economics, Labor Economics,

More information

Today s Research on Aging P ROGRAM AND P OLICY I MPLICATIONS Issue 3, May 2007

Today s Research on Aging P ROGRAM AND P OLICY I MPLICATIONS Issue 3, May 2007 Today s Research on Aging P ROGRAM AND P OLICY I MPLICATIONS Issue 3, May 2007 Savings and the Elderly Savings strongly influence the well-being of the elderly and the rate of a country s economic growth.

More information

DOES MORE SCHOOLING CAUSE BETTER HEALTH?

DOES MORE SCHOOLING CAUSE BETTER HEALTH? DOES MORE SCHOOLING CAUSE BETTER HEALTH? MEMORIAL LECTURE IN HONOR OF TADASHI YAMADA 2011 MEETING OF JAPAN HEALTH ECONOMICS ASSOCIATION MICHAEL GROSSMAN CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK GRADUATE CENTER AND

More information

THE DEMOGRAPHY OF POPULATION AGEING

THE DEMOGRAPHY OF POPULATION AGEING THE DEMOGRAPHY OF POPULATION AGEING Barry Mirkin and Mary Beth Weinberger* An inevitable consequence of the demographic transition and the shift to lower fertility and mortality has been the evolution

More information

Economic Development II

Economic Development II Economic Development II Spring 2002 Department of Economics New York University Thursdays, Room 715: 11:30 am 1:30 pm. Jonathan Morduch 269 Mercer Street, Room 806b 4 Washington Square North, Room 54 (212)

More information

Empowerment through decent work and social protection floors

Empowerment through decent work and social protection floors Empowerment through decent work and social protection floors Vinicius Pinheiro Deputy Director, ILO Office for the UN in New York EGM on Policies and Strategies to Promote the Empowerment of People in

More information

The Future of Retirement: Population Aging and Individual Life Cycles

The Future of Retirement: Population Aging and Individual Life Cycles The Future of Retirement: Population Aging and Individual Life Cycles Robert J. Willis Department of Economics and Institute for Social Research University of Michigan Motivation of My Talk Demographic

More information

New Perspectives on Population Growth and Economic Development

New Perspectives on Population Growth and Economic Development New Perspectives on Population Growth and Economic Development Ronald Lee Departments of Demography and Economics University of California at Berkeley USA Prepared for UNFPA plenary session on After Cairo:

More information

The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes

The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes Overview and concepts Overview Using class discussion, a radio story, and the interactive timeline, students will investigate the complex causes of famines, both

More information

Child Marriage and Education: A Major Challenge Minh Cong Nguyen and Quentin Wodon i

Child Marriage and Education: A Major Challenge Minh Cong Nguyen and Quentin Wodon i Child Marriage and Education: A Major Challenge Minh Cong Nguyen and Quentin Wodon i Why Does Child Marriage Matter? The issue of child marriage is getting renewed attention among policy makers. This is

More information

Health and Longevity. Global Trends. Which factors account for most of the health improvements in the 20th century?

Health and Longevity. Global Trends. Which factors account for most of the health improvements in the 20th century? 8 Health and Longevity The health of a country s population is often monitored using two statistical indicators: life expectancy at birth and the under-5 mortality rate. These indicators are also often

More information

National Bureau of Economic Research Post-Doctoral Fellow in Aging and Health Economics, July 1999 June 2000

National Bureau of Economic Research Post-Doctoral Fellow in Aging and Health Economics, July 1999 June 2000 COURTNEY C. COILE April 2015 Department of Economics Phone: (781) 283-2408 Wellesley College Fax: (781) 283-2177 106 Central Street Email: ccoile@wellesley.edu Wellesley, MA 02481 EDUCATION Massachusetts

More information

Ageing OECD Societies

Ageing OECD Societies ISBN 978-92-64-04661-0 Trends Shaping Education OECD 2008 Chapter 1 Ageing OECD Societies FEWER CHILDREN LIVING LONGER CHANGING AGE STRUCTURES The notion of ageing societies covers a major set of trends

More information

Health as Human Capital and its Impact on Economic Performance

Health as Human Capital and its Impact on Economic Performance The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance Vol. 28 No. 2 (April 2003) 304 315 Health as Human Capital and its Impact on Economic Performance by David Bloom and David Canning 1. Introduction Health is a key

More information

REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: WHAT CONNECTIONS SHOULD WE FOCUS ON?

REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: WHAT CONNECTIONS SHOULD WE FOCUS ON? Research Brief JANUARY 2012 BY SHAREEN JOSHI REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: WHAT CONNECTIONS SHOULD WE FOCUS ON? Reproductive health is a critical component of human capital. 30% higher

More information

Fertility in Developing Countries

Fertility in Developing Countries ECONOMIC GROWTH CENTER YALE UNIVERSITY P.O. Box 208629 New Haven, CT 06520-8269 http://www.econ.yale.edu/~egcenter/ CENTER DISCUSSION PAPER NO. 953 Fertility in Developing Countries T. Paul Schultz Yale

More information

Youth bulges and youth unemployment Youth bulges are not a major factor explaining current levels of youth unemployment

Youth bulges and youth unemployment Youth bulges are not a major factor explaining current levels of youth unemployment David Lam University of Michigan, USA, and IZA, Germany Youth bulges and youth unemployment Youth bulges are not a major factor explaining current levels of youth unemployment Keywords: Youth labor market,

More information

Migration and mobility - A comparative perspective of Russia and Japan

Migration and mobility - A comparative perspective of Russia and Japan Migration and mobility - A comparative perspective of Russia and Japan Reiko Hayashi hayashi-reiko@ipss.go.jp National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, Japan < Draft Paper > I. Context

More information

Thomas Malthus Economist in the late 1700s-early 1800s felt Europeans will not be able to eat if population increased

Thomas Malthus Economist in the late 1700s-early 1800s felt Europeans will not be able to eat if population increased European Population doubled (1850-1914) Thomas Malthus Economist in the late 1700s-early 1800s felt Europeans will not be able to eat if population increased After World War II, Europeans and other industrial

More information

CALL FOR PAPERS JOHANNESBURG SOUTH AFRICA, NOV. 30 DEC 4, 2015 DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND IN AFRICA: PROSPECTS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES

CALL FOR PAPERS JOHANNESBURG SOUTH AFRICA, NOV. 30 DEC 4, 2015 DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND IN AFRICA: PROSPECTS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES CALL FOR PAPERS 7 th African Population Conference JOHANNESBURG SOUTH AFRICA, NOV. 30 DEC 4, 2015 DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND IN AFRICA: PROSPECTS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES Hosted by the Government of South

More information

David S. Lee. FIELDS OF INTEREST Labor Economics, Econometrics, Political Economy, Public Policy

David S. Lee. FIELDS OF INTEREST Labor Economics, Econometrics, Political Economy, Public Policy David S. Lee CONTACT INFORMATION Industrial Relations Section Princeton University Firestone Library A-16-J Princeton, NJ 08544-2098 Phone (609) 258-9548 Fax (609) 258-2907 E-mail: davidlee@princeton.edu

More information

Impact of Financial Crisis on Women and Families. PREM Gender and Development World Bank April 2009

Impact of Financial Crisis on Women and Families. PREM Gender and Development World Bank April 2009 Impact of Financial Crisis on Women and Families PREM Gender and Development World Bank April 2009 1 Real Crisis: Economic growth in developing countries is plummeting Severest crisis since the Great Depression.

More information

Mary M. Kent, Alene Gelbard, Carl Haub, and Farzaneh Roudi Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D.C, USA

Mary M. Kent, Alene Gelbard, Carl Haub, and Farzaneh Roudi Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D.C, USA POPULATION TRANSITION Mary M. Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D.C, USA Keywords: Abortion, Child Health, Child Survival, Conferences [Beijing], Conferences [Cairo], Conferences [ICPD], Contraceptives,

More information

CORRELATIONAL ANALYSIS BETWEEN TEENAGE PREGNANCY AND MATERNAL MORTALITY IN MALAWI

CORRELATIONAL ANALYSIS BETWEEN TEENAGE PREGNANCY AND MATERNAL MORTALITY IN MALAWI CORRELATIONAL ANALYSIS BETWEEN TEENAGE PREGNANCY AND MATERNAL MORTALITY IN MALAWI Abiba Longwe-Ngwira and Nissily Mushani African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) P.O. Box 31024, Lilongwe 3 Malawi

More information

Education is the key to lasting development

Education is the key to lasting development Education is the key to lasting development As world leaders prepare to meet in New York later this month to discuss progress on the Millennium Development Goals, UNESCO s Education for All Global Monitoring

More information

Girls education the facts

Girls education the facts Education for All Global Monitoring Report Fact Sheet October 2013 Girls education the facts Millions of girls around the world are still being denied an education PRIMARY SCHOOL: There are still 31 million

More information

Progress and prospects

Progress and prospects Ending CHILD MARRIAGE Progress and prospects UNICEF/BANA213-182/Kiron The current situation Worldwide, more than 7 million women alive today were married before their 18th birthday. More than one in three

More information

Population Aging in Developed Countries: Emerging Trends and Dynamics Wan He, Ph.D. Population Division U.S. Census Bureau

Population Aging in Developed Countries: Emerging Trends and Dynamics Wan He, Ph.D. Population Division U.S. Census Bureau Population Aging in Developed Countries: Emerging Trends and Dynamics Wan He, Ph.D. Population Division U.S. Census Bureau This presentation is released to inform interested parties of population aging

More information

ZADIA M. FELICIANO. FIELDS OF International Economics, Labor Economics and Economic History

ZADIA M. FELICIANO. FIELDS OF International Economics, Labor Economics and Economic History ZADIA M. FELICIANO Office: Department of Economics Queens College Flushing, NY 11367 Tel. (718) 997-5442 Fax. (718) 997-5466 E-mail: Zadia.feliciano@qc.edu EDUCATION: HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, MA.

More information

WORLD POPULATION IN 2050: ASSESSING THE PROJECTIONS. DISCUSSION

WORLD POPULATION IN 2050: ASSESSING THE PROJECTIONS. DISCUSSION WORLD POPULATION IN 2050: ASSESSING THE PROJECTIONS. DISCUSSION Cynthia B. Lloyd* Joel Cohen was asked by the conference organizers to focus a critical eye on demographic projections and to give special

More information

Vol. 2 No. 2 March/April 2014 THE DEMOGRAPHIC FACTS OF AGEING IN AUSTRALIA: PATTERNS OF GROWTH

Vol. 2 No. 2 March/April 2014 THE DEMOGRAPHIC FACTS OF AGEING IN AUSTRALIA: PATTERNS OF GROWTH Australian Population & Migration Research Centre Vol. 2 No. 2 March/April 2014 THE DEMOGRAPHIC FACTS OF AGEING IN AUSTRALIA: PATTERNS OF GROWTH By Graeme Hugo POLICY BRIEF It is well recognized that population

More information

The Insurance Role of Household Labor Supply for Older Workers: Preliminary Results. Victoria Prowse and Yanan Li Cornell University

The Insurance Role of Household Labor Supply for Older Workers: Preliminary Results. Victoria Prowse and Yanan Li Cornell University The Insurance Role of Household Labor Supply for Older Workers: Preliminary Results Victoria Prowse and Yanan Li Cornell University Prepared for the 16 th Annual Joint Meeting of the Retirement Research

More information

2015-present. Brown University, Postdoctoral Research Associate in Population Studies, Population Studies & Training Center

2015-present. Brown University, Postdoctoral Research Associate in Population Studies, Population Studies & Training Center Tyler W. Myroniuk Brown University Population Studies & Training Center, 68 Waterman Street, Providence, RI, USA 02912 E-mail: tyler_myroniuk@brown.edu Citizenship: Canadian, United States Permanent Resident

More information

WOMEN AND FOOD SECURITY: ROLES, CONSTRAINTS, AND MISSED OPPORTUNITIES

WOMEN AND FOOD SECURITY: ROLES, CONSTRAINTS, AND MISSED OPPORTUNITIES WOMEN AND FOOD SECURITY: ROLES, CONSTRAINTS, AND MISSED OPPORTUNITIES Lynn R. Brown World Bank, Washington, DC, USA Keywords: Poverty alleviation, nutrition, labor, land tenure, marriage, inheritance,

More information

THE REFLECTIONS ON PEASANT EDUCATION FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN VIETNAM

THE REFLECTIONS ON PEASANT EDUCATION FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN VIETNAM International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 2 No. 2 February 2014 THE REFLECTIONS ON PEASANT EDUCATION FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN VIETNAM NGUYEN THANH DUONG College of Public Administration, Jilin

More information

G20 EMPLOYMENT WORKING GROUP COUNTRY SELF-REPORTING TEMPLATE ON IMPLEMENTATION OF G20 EMPLOYMENT PLANS

G20 EMPLOYMENT WORKING GROUP COUNTRY SELF-REPORTING TEMPLATE ON IMPLEMENTATION OF G20 EMPLOYMENT PLANS G20 EMPLOYMENT WORKING GROUP COUNTRY SELF-REPORTING TEMPLATE ON IMPLEMENTATION OF G20 EMPLOYMENT PLANS Contents 1. Key economic and labour market indicators 2. Key policy indicators 3. Checklist of commitments

More information

World Population Growth

World Population Growth 3 World Population Growth Why is world population growing faster than ever before? Population dynamics are one of the key factors to consider when thinking about development. In the past years the world

More information

Social protection and poverty reduction

Social protection and poverty reduction Social protection and poverty reduction Despite the positive economic growth path projected for Africa, the possibility of further global shocks coupled with persistent risks for households make proactive

More information

GARY D. HANSEN 4/18/2012

GARY D. HANSEN 4/18/2012 4/18/2012 Address: UCLA, Department of Economics Box 951477 8283 Bunche Hall Los Angeles, CA 90095-1477 Phone: (310) 825-3847 E-mail: ghansen@econ.ucla.edu GARY D. HANSEN Education: Degree Fields Institution

More information

The Elderly in Africa: Issues and Policy Options. K. Subbarao

The Elderly in Africa: Issues and Policy Options. K. Subbarao The Elderly in Africa: Issues and Policy Options K. Subbarao The scene prior to 1990s The elderly were part of the extended family and as such enjoyed care and protection. The informal old age support

More information

The Spending and Debt Response to Minimum Wage Hikes (with Dan Aaronson and Sumit Agarwal), forthcoming at American Economic Review.

The Spending and Debt Response to Minimum Wage Hikes (with Dan Aaronson and Sumit Agarwal), forthcoming at American Economic Review. Eric Baird French Department of Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago 230 South LaSalle Street Chicago, IL 60604-1413 phone: (312) 322-6831 fax: (312) 322-2357 email: efrench@frbchi.org Last

More information

Teen Pregnancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Application of Social Disorganisation Theory

Teen Pregnancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Application of Social Disorganisation Theory Teen Pregnancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Application of Social Disorganisation Theory Extended Abstract Population Association of America 2015 Annual Meeting-April 30-May 2, San Diego,CA Sibusiso Mkwananzi*

More information

Religious Demography of Emerging Economies

Religious Demography of Emerging Economies Religious Demography of Emerging Economies Age structures and fertility in the BRIC countries and the global religious consequences of their economic growth M. Stonawski 1, V. Skirbekk 2, M. Potančoková

More information

IOANA E. MARINESCU. Harris School of Public Policy, 1155 E. 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637 773-789-8447 ioanamarinescu@uchicago.edu www.marinescu.

IOANA E. MARINESCU. Harris School of Public Policy, 1155 E. 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637 773-789-8447 ioanamarinescu@uchicago.edu www.marinescu. IOANA E. MARINESCU Ioana E. Marinescu - September 2015 Harris School of Public Policy, 1155 E. 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637 773-789-8447 ioanamarinescu@uchicago.edu www.marinescu.eu EDUCATION Ph.D Economics,

More information

The role of population on economic growth and development: evidence from developing countries

The role of population on economic growth and development: evidence from developing countries MPRA Munich Personal RePEc Archive The role of population on economic growth and development: evidence from developing countries Akinwande A. Atanda and Salaudeen B. Aminu and Olorunfemi Y. Alimi Datatric

More information

Business Cycles and Divorce: Evidence from Microdata *

Business Cycles and Divorce: Evidence from Microdata * Business Cycles and Divorce: Evidence from Microdata * Judith K. Hellerstein 1 Melinda Sandler Morrill 2 Ben Zou 3 We use individual-level data to show that divorce is pro-cyclical on average, a finding

More information

ŞULE ÖZLER. MAILING ADDRESS: 944 9 TH Street, #5 Santa Monica, CA 90403. TELEPHONE : (310) 869 5994 ELECTRONIC MAIL: ozler@econ.ucla.

ŞULE ÖZLER. MAILING ADDRESS: 944 9 TH Street, #5 Santa Monica, CA 90403. TELEPHONE : (310) 869 5994 ELECTRONIC MAIL: ozler@econ.ucla. ŞULE ÖZLER MAILING ADDRESS: 944 9 TH Street, #5 Santa Monica, CA 90403 TELEPHONE : (310) 869 5994 ELECTRONIC MAIL: ozler@econ.ucla.edu EDUCATION Psy. D. (in Psychoanalysis), New Center for Psychoanalysis,

More information

The Role of Maternal Schooling, Cognitive Ability and Public Determinants on Child Health

The Role of Maternal Schooling, Cognitive Ability and Public Determinants on Child Health 2 nd Draft: Preliminar The Role of Maternal Schooling, Cognitive Ability and Public Determinants on Child Health Luis N. Rubalcava CIDE Graciela M. Teruel (UIA) First Version: September,2003 This Version:

More information

EARLY MARRIAGE A HARMFUL TRADITIONAL PRACTICE A STATISTICAL EXPLORATION

EARLY MARRIAGE A HARMFUL TRADITIONAL PRACTICE A STATISTICAL EXPLORATION EARLY MARRIAGE A HARMFUL TRADITIONAL PRACTICE A STATISTICAL EXPLORATION EARLY MARRIAGE A HARMFUL TRADITIONAL PRACTICE A STATISTICAL EXPLORATION CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION......................................................1

More information

Prepared by: Michael R. Cousineau, Dr.PH Gregory D. Stevens. Ph.D. With assistance from Jessica Van Gurt. USC Division of Community Health

Prepared by: Michael R. Cousineau, Dr.PH Gregory D. Stevens. Ph.D. With assistance from Jessica Van Gurt. USC Division of Community Health Disparities in Health in the United States A conceptual framework for a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding health disparities and proposing policy solutions towards their elimination First Draft

More information

1. TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION

1. TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION 1. TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION This chapter provides a brief overview of global and regional patterns and trends in international migration since 199. It also describes selected characteristics of

More information

Population and Development in Jamaica with reference to the MDGS

Population and Development in Jamaica with reference to the MDGS Population and Development in Jamaica with reference to the MDGS Presenter Mr. Easton Williams Population Unit Planning Institute of Jamaica June 14, 2009 World Population Day General Perspectives on Population

More information

The Evolution and Future of Social Security in Africa: An Actuarial Perspective

The Evolution and Future of Social Security in Africa: An Actuarial Perspective w w w. I C A 2 0 1 4. o r g The Evolution and Future of Social Security in Africa: An Actuarial Perspective Presented by Members of the Actuarial Society of South Africa Social Security Committee Fatima

More information

Economic Development and the Gender Wage Gap Sherri Haas

Economic Development and the Gender Wage Gap Sherri Haas Economic Development and the Gender Wage Gap I. INTRODUCTION General wage inequality within countries is a topic that has received a great deal of attention in the economic literature. Differences in wages

More information

The Future Demographic

The Future Demographic The Future Demographic Global Population Trends and Forecasts to 2030 3rd edition Euromonitor In ter na tional Ltd, 60-61 Britton Street, Lon don EC1M 5UX Euromonitor International 2012 www.euromonitor.com

More information

IV. DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE OLDER POPULATION

IV. DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE OLDER POPULATION World Population Ageing 195-25 IV. DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE OLDER POPULATION A. AGE COMPOSITION Older populations themselves are ageing A notable aspect of the global ageing process is the progressive

More information

Why study economic growth? Economic development: mission statements. Waaler Curves. Economic Growth Econ Measurement of Well-Being

Why study economic growth? Economic development: mission statements. Waaler Curves. Economic Growth Econ Measurement of Well-Being 2-2 Economic Growth Econ 3310 Waaler Curves Measurement of Well-Being Talan İşcan Dalhousie University Fall 2013 Waaler an epidemiologist examined the relation between height, weight, and mortality by

More information

Population and Development an Overview

Population and Development an Overview Schillerstr. 59 10 627 Berlin E-Mail: info@berlin-institut.org Tel.: 030-22 32 48 45 Fax: 030-22 32 48 46 www.berlin-institut.org Population and Development an Overview by Franz Nuscheler The world population

More information

2015-present. Brown University, Postdoctoral Research Associate in Population Studies, Population Studies & Training Center

2015-present. Brown University, Postdoctoral Research Associate in Population Studies, Population Studies & Training Center Tyler W. Myroniuk Brown University Population Studies & Training Center, 68 Waterman Street, Providence, RI, USA 02912 E-mail: tyler_myroniuk@brown.edu Citizenship: Canadian, United States Permanent Resident

More information

A review of social protection experiences in Africa Draft paper by G. Mutangadura

A review of social protection experiences in Africa Draft paper by G. Mutangadura A review of social protection experiences in Africa Draft paper by G. Mutangadura Introduction Social protection has been defined by the UN in 2001 to be The set of public and private policies and programmes

More information

Extending Service Delivery Project Country Profile: AFGHANISTAN. Healthy Timing & Spacing of Pregnancy (HTSP) In Afghanistan

Extending Service Delivery Project Country Profile: AFGHANISTAN. Healthy Timing & Spacing of Pregnancy (HTSP) In Afghanistan Extending Service Delivery Project Country Profile: AFGHANISTAN Healthy Timing & Spacing of Pregnancy (HTSP) In Afghanistan HTSP is an intervention to help women and families delay or space their pregnancies

More information

Chapter 1 Introduction, page 1 of 7

Chapter 1 Introduction, page 1 of 7 Chapter 1 Introduction, page 1 of 7 the distinction between economic growth and economic development: economic growth takes place when there is a sustained (ongoing for at least 1-2 years) increase in

More information

REACHING OUT-OF-SCHOOL CHILDREN IS CRUCIAL FOR DEVELOPMENT

REACHING OUT-OF-SCHOOL CHILDREN IS CRUCIAL FOR DEVELOPMENT REACHING OUT-OF-SCHOOL CHILDREN IS CRUCIAL FOR DEVELOPMENT UIS FACT SHEET JUNE 2012, No.18 This paper, jointly released by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics,

More information

World Population to reach 10 billion by 2100 if Fertility in all Countries Converges to Replacement Level

World Population to reach 10 billion by 2100 if Fertility in all Countries Converges to Replacement Level UNITED NATIONS PRESS RELEASE EMBARGOED UNTIL 3 MAY 2011, 11:00 A.M., NEW YORK TIME World Population to reach 10 billion by if Fertility in all Countries Converges to Replacement Level UNITED NATIONS, 3

More information

SOCIAL PROTECTION BRIEFING NOTE SERIES NUMBER 4. Social protection and economic growth in poor countries

SOCIAL PROTECTION BRIEFING NOTE SERIES NUMBER 4. Social protection and economic growth in poor countries A DFID practice paper Briefing SOCIAL PROTECTION BRIEFING NOTE SERIES NUMBER 4 Social protection and economic growth in poor countries Summary Introduction DFID s framework for pro-poor growth sets out

More information

Curriculum Vitae DAVID J. BJERK

Curriculum Vitae DAVID J. BJERK Curriculum Vitae DAVID J. BJERK Robert Day School of Economics and Finance Office: Bauer Center North, Rm 313 Claremont McKenna College Phone: 909-607-4471 500 E. Ninth Street Email: david.bjerk @ cmc.edu

More information

Global Urbanization: Trends, Patterns, Determinants, and Impacts. Abdullah Baqui, DrPH, MPH, MBBS Johns Hopkins University

Global Urbanization: Trends, Patterns, Determinants, and Impacts. Abdullah Baqui, DrPH, MPH, MBBS Johns Hopkins University This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License. Your use of this material constitutes acceptance of that license and the conditions of use of materials on this

More information

Chapter 11. Development Policymaking and the Roles of Market, State, and Civil Society. Copyright 2009 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved.

Chapter 11. Development Policymaking and the Roles of Market, State, and Civil Society. Copyright 2009 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved. Chapter 11 Development Policymaking and the Roles of Market, State, and Civil Society Copyright 2009 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved. Outline 1. Pendulum Swings in Theory and Practice 2. Some

More information

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES HUMAN CAPITAL, ECONOMIC GROWTH, AND INEQUALITY IN CHINA. James J. Heckman Junjian Yi

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES HUMAN CAPITAL, ECONOMIC GROWTH, AND INEQUALITY IN CHINA. James J. Heckman Junjian Yi NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES HUMAN CAPITAL, ECONOMIC GROWTH, AND INEQUALITY IN CHINA James J. Heckman Junjian Yi Working Paper 18100 http://www.nber.org/papers/w18100 NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

More information

III. World Population Growth

III. World Population Growth III. World Population Growth Population dynamics are one of the key factors to consider when thinking about development. In the past 50 years the world has experienced an unprecedented increase in population

More information

Gender Profile: Lesotho

Gender Profile: Lesotho General Total male population under 15 (2014) (CIA, 2015): 321,017 Total female population under 15 (2014) (CIA, 2015): 318,265 Total male population over 15 (2014) (CIA, 2015): 637,600 Total female population

More information

Council on Children & Families. Sources of Income Among New York s 50 Plus Population

Council on Children & Families. Sources of Income Among New York s 50 Plus Population Council on Children & Families A Research Brief on the Status of Adults 50 Years & Older in New York State Eliot Spitzer Governor Deborah Benson Acting Chief Executive Officer Among New York s 50 Plus

More information

Doctor of Philosophy in Economics (English Program) Curriculum 2006

Doctor of Philosophy in Economics (English Program) Curriculum 2006 Doctor of Philosophy in Economics (English Program) Curriculum 2006 1. Program Title Doctor of Philosophy Program in Economics (English Program) 2. Degree Title Doctor of Philosophy (Economics) Ph.D. (Economics)

More information

Mid-year population estimates. Embargoed until: 20 July 2010 14:30

Mid-year population estimates. Embargoed until: 20 July 2010 14:30 Statistical release Mid-year population estimates 2010 Embargoed until: 20 July 2010 14:30 Enquiries: Forthcoming issue: Expected release date User Information Services Tel: (012) 310 8600/4892/8390 Mid-year

More information

Female labor supply as insurance against idiosyncratic risk

Female labor supply as insurance against idiosyncratic risk Female labor supply as insurance against idiosyncratic risk Orazio Attanasio, University College London and IFS Hamish Low, University of Cambridge and IFS Virginia Sánchez-Marcos, Universidad de Cantabria

More information

Shing-Yi Wang. Department of Business Economics and Public Policy Phone: 215-898-7652 Wharton School Fax: 215-898-7635

Shing-Yi Wang. Department of Business Economics and Public Policy Phone: 215-898-7652 Wharton School Fax: 215-898-7635 Shing-Yi Wang Department of Business Economics and Public Policy Phone: 215-898-7652 Wharton School Fax: 215-898-7635 University of Pennsylvania was@wharton.upenn.edu 3620 Locust Walk Philadelphia, PA

More information

Expert Panel on Fertility, Reproductive Health and Development. Report. E c o n o m i c. S o c i a l A f f a i r s. New York, 7 December 2010

Expert Panel on Fertility, Reproductive Health and Development. Report. E c o n o m i c. S o c i a l A f f a i r s. New York, 7 December 2010 E c o n o m i c & Expert Panel on Fertility, Reproductive Health and Development S o c i a l A f f a i r s New York, 7 December 2010 Report United Nations ESA/P/WP.222 December 2011 Department of Economic

More information

Global Child Health Equity Focused Strategies Kim Wilson, MD MPH Global Pediatric program Boston s children s hospital, Harvard Medical - child

Global Child Health Equity Focused Strategies Kim Wilson, MD MPH Global Pediatric program Boston s children s hospital, Harvard Medical - child Global Child Health Equity Focused Strategies Kim Wilson, MD MPH Global Pediatric program Boston s children s hospital, Harvard Medical child survival and MDG targets chronic diseases and disability historical

More information

ABORTION IN PRESENT DAY VIETNAM

ABORTION IN PRESENT DAY VIETNAM ABORTION IN PRESENT DAY VIETNAM Nguyen Thanh Binh Ph.d student, Free University of Berlin, Germany E-mail: binh1980gdct@yahoo.com.vn Abstract In recent years, the abortion rate in Vietnam has been likely

More information

Chapter 1. The Development Gap

Chapter 1. The Development Gap Chapter 1 The Development Gap STORIES OF CATCH-UP AND DECLINE The development gap emerged because some countries developed earlier than others. In historical perspective the Industrial Revolution : The

More information

Tal Gross. Dept. of Health Policy and Management Phone: (212) Mailman School of Public Health Fax: (212) Columbia University

Tal Gross. Dept. of Health Policy and Management Phone: (212) Mailman School of Public Health Fax: (212) Columbia University Tal Gross Contact Information Employment Dept. of Health Policy and Management Phone: (212) 342-4521 Mailman School of Public Health Fax: (212) 305-3405 Columbia University e-mail: tg2370@columbia.edu

More information

Births to Unmarried Women

Births to Unmarried Women Births to Unmarried Women Updated: After years of growth, the proportion of births that are to unmarried women has leveled off, and since 2009 has been at just over 40 percent. Importance Children born

More information

Family structure, childbearing, and parental employment: Implications for the level and trend in poverty

Family structure, childbearing, and parental employment: Implications for the level and trend in poverty Family structure, childbearing, and parental employment: Implications for the level and trend in poverty Maria Cancian and Deborah Reed Maria Cancian is Professor of Public Affairs and Social Work at the

More information

V I T A RALPH R. FRASCA

V I T A RALPH R. FRASCA V I T A RALPH R. FRASCA University Office: (937) 229-2405 Email: frasca@udayton.edu EDUCATION: Ph.D., Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, 1976 MA, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, 1972 Certificate

More information

The South African Child Support Grant Impact Assessment. Evidence from a survey of children, adolescents and their households

The South African Child Support Grant Impact Assessment. Evidence from a survey of children, adolescents and their households The South African Child Support Grant Impact Assessment Evidence from a survey of children, adolescents and their households Executive Summary EXECUTIVE SUMMARY UNICEF/Schermbrucker Cover photograph: UNICEF/Pirozzi

More information

Nigeria: Population and Demographic trends

Nigeria: Population and Demographic trends Nigeria: Population and Demographic trends Bolatito Ogunbiyi Atlas Fellow, Population Action International Nigeria Beyond the Headlines: Population Health, Natural Resources, and Governance The Woodrow

More information

Key Indicators Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS)

Key Indicators Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) Key Indicators 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) Millennium Development Goals for 2015 Indicator 2014 KDHS Indicator Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Prevalence of underweight

More information

Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health

Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health The Final Report of the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health 28 August 2008 Why treat people

More information

HIV/AIDS: AWARENESS AND BEHAVIOUR

HIV/AIDS: AWARENESS AND BEHAVIOUR ST/ESA/SER.A/209/ES DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS POPULATION DIVISION HIV/AIDS: AWARENESS AND BEHAVIOUR EXECUTIVE SUMMARY UNITED NATIONS NEW YORK 200 1 2 HIV/AIDS: AWARENESS AND BEHAVIOUR Executive

More information

Creating Gender-Responsive Agricultural Development Programs An Orientation Document

Creating Gender-Responsive Agricultural Development Programs An Orientation Document Creating Gender-Responsive Agricultural Development Programs An Orientation Document February 2012 Poor farmers are not a problem to be solved; they are the best answer for a world that is fighting hunger

More information

List A: Economics course options (all students must take at least 1 course from this list)

List A: Economics course options (all students must take at least 1 course from this list) MASTERS PROGRAM IN INTERNATIONAL AND AREA STUDIES SUGGESTED COURSES Note that the below are suggested courses. For other possible courses, please check with the Graduate Assistant and the Chair of the

More information

Internship at the Centers for Diseases Control

Internship at the Centers for Diseases Control Internship at the Centers for Diseases Control Survey method to assess reproductive health of refugees Edith Roset Bahmanyar International Emergency Refugee Health Branch (IERHB) Division of Emergency

More information

E c o n o m i c. S o c i a l A f f a i r s THE IMPACT OF AIDS. United Nations

E c o n o m i c. S o c i a l A f f a i r s THE IMPACT OF AIDS. United Nations E c o n o m i c & THE IMPACT OF AIDS S o c i a l A f f a i r s United Nations ST/ESA/SER.A/229 Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division THE IMPACT OF AIDS United Nations New York,

More information

The Number of Children Being Raised by Gay or Lesbian Parents. Corbin Miller Joseph Price. Brigham Young University. Abstract

The Number of Children Being Raised by Gay or Lesbian Parents. Corbin Miller Joseph Price. Brigham Young University. Abstract The Number of Children Being Raised by Gay or Lesbian Parents Corbin Miller Joseph Price Brigham Young University Abstract We use data from the American Community Survey and National Survey of Family Growth

More information

The Smartest Targets For The WORLD 2016-2030

The Smartest Targets For The WORLD 2016-2030 The Smartest Targets For The WORLD 2016-2030 The World s Best Targets Right now, 193 governments negotiating Targets for 2016-2030 Most people don t know Development aid 2016-30: $2.5 trillion The World

More information

Siri Suh 2800 Girard Ave S, #107, Minneapolis, MN 55408 Phone: (917) 232-2835*Email: jssuh@umn.edu

Siri Suh 2800 Girard Ave S, #107, Minneapolis, MN 55408 Phone: (917) 232-2835*Email: jssuh@umn.edu Siri Suh 2800 Girard Ave S, #107, Minneapolis, MN 55408 Phone: (917) 232-2835*Email: jssuh@umn.edu EDUCATION Columbia University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, New York, NY Ph.D. in Sociomedical

More information

Extending Service Delivery Project Country Profile: INDIA. Healthy Timing and Spacing of Pregnancy (HTSP) in India

Extending Service Delivery Project Country Profile: INDIA. Healthy Timing and Spacing of Pregnancy (HTSP) in India Extending Service Delivery Project Country Profile: INDIA Healthy Timing and Spacing of Pregnancy (HTSP) in India HTSP is an intervention to help women and families delay or space their pregnancies to

More information