1 GPP X.R00-0 Version:.0 Date: November 00 Packet Switched Voice (over ) and Video Telephony Services End-to-end System Design Technical Report COPYRIGHT GPP and its Organizational Partners claim copyright in this document and individual Organizational Partners may copyright and issue documents or standards publications in individual Organizational Partner's name based on this document. Requests for reproduction of this document should be directed to the GPP Secretariat at Requests to reproduce individual Organizational Partner's documents should be directed to that Organizational Partner. See for more information. 0
2 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP FOREWORD (This foreword is not part of this document) This document was prepared by GPP TSG-X. This document is a new specification.
3 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP Revision History Revision Date Version.0 Initial Publication November, 00
4 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP CONTENTS Foreword Revision History ii iii Scope Introduction Glossary and Definitions. Acronyms. Definitions References Protocol Reference Model 0. Network Reference Model 0. Protocol Stack Session Control. Session Control Signaling.. Over-the-air Link Establishment..... A0 Connection Establishment..... Multimedia Session Registration..... Multimedia Session Establishment.... Session Media Traffic.. Over-the-air Link Establishment..... A0 Connection Establishment Terminal Addressing PSVT Voice Retry...0. Session Release 0.. Multimedia Session Release...0. In-Session Control 0.. Media Stream Management Call Waiting Notification...0 Quality of Service. Flow Treatment. End-to-End QoS Transport. Establishing QoS. QoS Session Management Compression
5 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0 0. S Compression. Header Compression Security. Authentication and Authorization.. Over-the-Air Link..... Packet Data Service/ Bearer..... Multimedia Subsystem.... Encryption and Integrity Protection.. Over-the-Air Link Layer Encryption..... S Control Signaling Security..... End-to-End Media Encryption... 0 Accounting 0. Offline Charging 0.. Packet Data Accounting MMD Offline Charging Service Based Bearer Control Accounting Online Charging 0.. PrePaid Packet Data Accounting MMD Online Charging Service Based Bearer Control Accounting... Mobility Management. Inter-BS and Inter-PDSN Handoffs. HRPD-X Handoffs Regulatory Requirements
6 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Network Reference Model for Non-roaming Mobile-to-Mobile PSVT or Vo Call... Figure Network Reference Model for Non-roaming Mobile-to-Internet CN PSVT or Vo Call... Figure PSVT and Vo Protocol Stacks over... Figure Protocol Stack for the S Control Flow (when HDLC framing is applied)... Figure Protocol Stack for the S Control Flow (when segment-based framing is applied)... Figure Protocol Stack for the Media Flows (when HDLC framing is applied)... Figure Protocol Stack for the Media Flows (when segment-based framing is applied)... Figure Multimedia Session Establishment - Roaming... Figure Mobile Initiated Multimedia Session Release...0 Figure 0 Access Network QoS Treatments for Different Data Flows... Figure QoS Mappings for End-to-End PSVT/Vo Media Transport with PDSN Policing and Remarking...
7 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0 Scope This document describes the end-to-end protocols and procedures for support of Packet Switched Video Telephony (PSVT) and Voice-Over- (Vo) Services over cdma000 networks. The document describes the end-to-end PSVT and Vo services and architectures. PSVT provides support of one-to-one conversational video services between a mobile station and another mobile station or a video terminal on the Internet. Vo provides support of one-to-one conversational speech services between a mobile station and another mobile station or a voice terminal on the Internet. The designs are compliant with the procedures specified in the GPP standards . Introduction This technical report is an informative document that identifies and summarizes the relevant procedures in other GPP specifications that are used to provide GPP PSVT and Vo services. The language used in this document is informative and is not meant to add or modify procedures already specified in other GPP standards. cdma000 is the trademark for the technical nomenclature for certain specifications and standards of the Organizational Partners (OPs) of GPP. Geographically (and as of the date of publication), cdma000 is a registered trademark of the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA-USA) in the United States. vii
8 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP Glossary and Definitions. Acronyms X AAA AIR AES BSC DSCP H-AAA HRPD HTTP IMS MS NAI NID OTA PCF PDSN PSVT PZID RADIUS RAN ROHC R RTP SBBC SDP S SRTP UIM UTC VO VSA cdma000 X Air Interface Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting Accounting Information Record Advanced Encryption Standard Base Station Controller Diff-serve Code Point Home AAA High Rate Packet Data Hyperlink Text Transfer Protocol Multimedia Subsystem Internet Protocol Mobile Station Network Address Identifier Network Identifier Over The Air Packet Control Function Packet Data Serving Node Packet Switched Video Telephony Packet Zone Identifier Remote Authentication Dial In User Service Radio Access Network Robust Header Compression Real-time Transport Control Protocol Real-time Transport Protocol Service Based Bearer Control Session Description Protocol Session Initiation Protocol Secure Real-time Transport Protocol User Datagram Protocol User Identity Module Universal Coordinated Time Voice over Vendor Specific Attribute. Definitions X Air interface specification as defined in . HRPD Air interface specification as defined in . Media Traffic The RTP// packets transporting the encoded audio, video, or Vo traffic.
9 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP References The following documents contain provisions, which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this document. References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non-specific. For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply. For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a GPP document, a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.  GPP: A.S000-A, Interoperability Specification (IOS) for High Rate Packet Data (HRPD) Access Network Interfaces - Rev A, March 00.  GPP: A.S000-A, Interoperability Specification (IOS) for High Rate Packet Data (HRPD) Access Network Interfaces - Rev A, March 00.  GPP: A.S00-C, Interoperability Specification (IOS) for cdma000 Access Network Interfaces Part Features, February 00.  GPP: A.S00-C, Interoperability Specification (IOS) for cdma000 Access Network Interfaces Part (A, Ap, A, and A Interfaces), February 00.  GPP: C.R00-E v.0, Administration of Parameter Value Assignments for cdma000 Standards for Spread Spectrum Systems, October 00.  GPP: C.S000-A v.0, Introduction for cdma000 Standards for Spread Spectrum Systems, July 00.  GPP: C.S000-A v.0, Physical Layer Standard for cdma000 Standards for Spread Spectrum Systems, February 00.  GPP: C.S000-A v.0, Medium Access Control (MAC) Standard for cdma000 Standards for Spread Spectrum Systems, February 00.  GPP: C.S000-A v.0, Signalling Link Access Control (LAC) Standard for cdma000 Standards for Spread Spectrum Systems, February 00.  GPP: C.S000-A v.0, Upper Layer (Layer ) Signalling Standard for cdma000 Standards for Spread Spectrum Systems, February 00.  GPP: C.S00-00-A v.0, Data Service Options for Spread Spectrum Systems: Radio Link Protocol Type, July 00.  GPP: C.S00-0-A v.0, Data Service Options for Spread Spectrum Systems: Service Options and, July 00.  GPP: C.S00-A v.0, cdma000 High Rate Packet Data Air Interface Specification, April 00.  GPP: C.S00-0 v.0, Enhanced Subscriber Privacy for cdma000 High Rate Packet Data, September 00.  GPP: C.S00-0 v.0, Link-Layer Assisted Service Options for Voice-Over-: Header Removal (SO 0) and Robust Header Compression (SO ), April 00.  GPP: S.R00-A, IMS Security Framework, June 00.  GPP: X.S00, cdma000 Wireless Network Standard.
10 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0  GPP: X.S v.0, All- Core Network Multimedia Domain: Overview, August 00.  GPP: X.S v.0, All- Core Network Multimedia Domain: Multimedia Subsystem Stage, February 00.  GPP: X.S v.0, All- Core Network Multimedia Domain: Multimedia Session Handling; Multimedia Call Model Stage, August 00.  GPP: X.S v.0, All- Core Network Multimedia Domain: Multimedia Subsystem Charging Architecture, February 00.  GPP: X.S v.0, All- Core Network Multimedia Domain: Multimedia Subsystem Accounting Information Flows and Protocol, August 00.  IETF: RFC 0, Borman, et al, RObust Header Compression (ROHC): Framework and four profiles: RTP,, ESP, and uncompressed, July 00.  IETF: RFC, J. Rosenberg et al, S: Session Initiation Protocol, June 00.  IETF: RFC, T. Koren, et al. Enhanced Compressed RTP (CRTP) for Links with High Delay, Packet Loss and Reordering, July 00. Protocol Reference Model 0. Network Reference Model The network reference model for a mobile-to-mobile PSVT or Vo call is illustrated in Figure. 0
11 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP AS (optional) AS (optional) HSS I/S-CSCF I/S-CSCF HSS AAA Network A P-CSCF MRFC (optional) Networks P-CSCF AAA Network B MS RAN PDSN MRFP (optional) PDSN RAN MS 0 S Signaling Air Interface/IOS Signaling Media Control for Audio/Video PSVT /Vo Audio Bearer Path PSVT Video Bearer Path AAA/HSS Interfaces MP Interfaces  Figure Network Reference Model for Non-roaming Mobile-to-Mobile PSVT or Vo Call The function of each entity is listed below: AAA The AAA authenticates the subscriber to the access network and sends the list of the subscriber s authorized Flow Profile IDs to the RAN via the PDSN, including the Flow Profile IDs for PSVT or Vo. The AAA also performs the accounting for the access network. AS The Application Server can be a S application server (e.g., video mail or voice mail server, etc ) or an OSA gateway as specified in . HSS The HSS provides the authentication vector to the S-CSCF for IMS authentication. The HSS also performs authorization and accounting for the IMS. I-CSCF Interrogating-CSCF (I-CSCF) is the entry point within an operator s network for all session setup attempts destined to a user of that network operator, or a roaming user currently located within that network operator s service area.
12 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0 0 P-CSCF The Proxy-CSCF is the first entry point within the Multimedia Subsystem . The P-CSCF behaves like a Proxy, i.e. it accepts requests and services them internally or forwards them on to the MS, an I-CSCF, or the S-CSCF. PDSN The PDSN communicates with the MS using service connections for packet data session establishment, to add and remove flows, etc. as described in . The PDSN function acts as the first-hop router for traffic to and from the MS. MRFC The Media Resource Function Controller, in conjunction with the MRFP, provides a set of resources with the MMD core network that are useful in supporting services to subscribers. In the network reference model the MRFC interfaces to the S-CSCF to determine media conversion requirements and instructs the MRFP to perform any necessary conversion of the media stream. MRFP The Media Resource Function Processor converts the media formats sent between the mobile stations when the mobile stations use incompatible codecs. MS The mobile station contains the video and audio codecs that provide the multimedia interface to the user. The mobile station also contains the S user agent that communicates with the other terminal (MS or general video or voice telephony device) through the core network CSCFs. RAN The Radio Access Network communicates with the MS using the service option  or link flow  to transport packet data over the radio link. S-CSCF The Serving-CSCF (S-CSCF) performs the session control services for the MS. It maintains a session state as needed by the network operator for support of the services.
13 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP AS (optional) HSS I/S-CSCF S Proxy AAA P-CSCF MRFC (optional) Networks (Internet) MS RAN PDSN MRFP (optional) CN Network A S Signaling Air interface/ios Signaling Media Control for Audio/Video PSVT /Vo Audio Bearer Path PSVT Video Bearer Path AAA/HSS Interfaces MP Interfaces  Figure Network Reference Model for Non-roaming Mobile-to-Internet CN PSVT or Vo Call CN The Correspondent Node is a packet switched video and/or voice terminal on the Internet. This terminal complies with the protocols and procedures above the level that are specified in this document. 0. Protocol Stack Control and media traffic flows are carried over the protocol. Control traffic flow includes session/call control traffic (S/ or S/) and media control (R/). Media traffic flow refers to RTP/ traffic. They have different protocol stacks and may travel through different paths, as illustrated in Figure.
14 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP PSVT or Vo Terminal PSVT or Vo Terminal S Processing S Servers S Processing Network Connection Model Application Networks Application Media Processing Media Processing S Server Session Control Session Control Session Control Session Control Protocol Stacks S S S S Media Resource Function Processor Media Application and R Protocol Stacks Media Processing RTP/R Media Processing RTP/R RTP/R Figure PSVT and Vo Protocol Stacks over Media Processing RTP/R Figure illustrates the protocol reference model for the PSVT and Vo Services S control flow between two PSVT or two Vo mobiles when HDLC framing is used between the PDSN and MS to frame packets. For X this illustrates service option or over the air interface. For HRPD this illustrates service option or.
15 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP MS- RAN- PDSN- CSCF- Router(s) CSCF- PDSN- RAN- MS- S S S S S S Compression Compression Compression Compression PPP Encapsulation PPP PPP PPP Encapsulation HDLC Framing HDLC HDLC HDLC Framing RLP RLP L L L L L L L RLP RLP Physical Layer Physical Layer L L L L L Figure Protocol Stack for the S Control Flow (when HDLC framing is applied) L L L L L L Physical Layer Figure illustrates the protocol reference model for the PSVT or Vo Services S control flow between two PSVT or two Vo mobiles when segment-based framing (service option for HRPD) is used between the RAN and MS to frame packets. Physical Layer MS- RAN- PDSN- CSCF- Router(s) CSCF- PDSN- RAN- MS- S S S S S S Compression Compression Compression Compression Segment Framing Segment Framing Segment Framing Segment Framing RLP RLP L L L L L L L RLP RLP 0 Physical Layer Physical Layer L L L L L L L L L L L Physical Layer Physical Layer Figure Protocol Stack for the S Control Flow (when segment-based framing is applied) Figure illustrates the protocol reference model for PSVT or Vo Services media flows between two PSVT or two Vo mobiles when HDLC framing is used between the PDSN and MS to frame packets. The protocol stack reference model for Vo services does not include the video application component in the mobiles or MRFP. For X this illustrates service option over the air interface. For HRPD this illustrates service option.
16 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP MS- RAN- PDSN- MRFP Router(s) PDSN- RAN- MS- Video/Audio Video/ Audio Video/ Audio Video/Audio RTP RTP RTP RTP PPP Encapsulation PPP PPP PPP Encapsulation HDLC Framing HDLC HDLC HDLC Framing L L L L L RLP RLP RLP RLP Physical Layer Physical Layer L L L L L L L L L Physical Layer Physical Layer Figure Protocol Stack for the Media Flows (when HDLC framing is applied) Figure illustrates the protocol reference model for the PSVT or Vo Services media flows between two PSVT or two Vo mobiles when segment-based framing (service option for HRPD) is used between the RAN and MS to frame packets. The protocol stack reference model for Vo services does not include the video application component in the mobiles or MRFP. MS- RAN- PDSN- MRFP Router(s) PDSN- RAN- MS- Video/Audio Video/ Audio Video/ Audio Video/Audio RTP RTP RTP RTP Segment Framing Segment Framing Segment Framing Segment Framing RLP RLP L L L L L RLP RLP 0 Physical Layer Physical Layer L L L L L L L L L Physical Layer Figure Protocol Stack for the Media Flows (when segment-based framing is applied) For PSVT services, R may be used by the MS to provide information needed for the synchronization of the audio and video media streams. Such synchronization is not needed for Vo services. Physical Layer
17 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0 0 Session Control. Session Control Signaling.. Over-the-air Link Establishment The MS requests establishment of an over-the-air link with the RAN to transport the S signalling and R over the radio interface. In X, the MS first requests the main packet data service option () which is connected to the PDSN. The MS is then assigned a Simple or Mobile address. Once this is granted by the RAN, S signaling and R can be transported over this main service option. Alternatively, the MS can request auxiliary service options () with different QoS attributes to transport the S signalling and R together or separately. In HRPD, the MS first requests main link flows in the forward and reverse direction which are connected as service option to the PDSN. The mobile is then assigned a Simple or Mobile address. S signalling and R can be transported over these main link flows. Alternatively, the MS can request different QoS attributes for auxiliary link flows in each direction (connected as service options or to the PDSN) to transport the S signalling and R together or separately... A0 Connection Establishment As the over-the-air links are connected the RAN and PDSN establish corresponding A0 connections between them. Traffic flow filters for these A0 connections are also set by the MS. If Service Based Bearer Control of MMD is not required by the network for these bearers then these connections and filters may be established prior to call setup to reduce setup delay. Otherwise, the procedures for SBBC are followed (S signalling bearers may be established prior to call setup even when SBBC is required by the network.).. Multimedia Session Registration The S level registration can be initiated after access network registration has been completed, and the bearer for the signaling has been connected to the access network. The MS registers with the S-CSCF... Multimedia Session Establishment The PSVT and Vo services use the Multimedia Subsystem  to establish the multimedia session. Figure illustrates an example call flow for establishing a mobile-to-mobile multimedia session. The different steps in the call flow identify the main functions that need to be performed.
18 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0 0 Figure Multimedia Session Establishment - Roaming. When MS- originates a call to MS-, MS- and MS- exchange their media capabilities through a series of S messages. The SDP, present in the S messages, contains one or more media descriptions for the multimedia session. The S messages traverse through the visited and the home networks of both the mobile stations.. Based on the session parameters agreed in the previous step, MS- completes establishment of bearer resources in its serving network. To minimize call setup time this step can be performed in advance of step when Service Based Bearer Control is not required by the network. In this scenario the bearer resource reservation is not based on the agreed session parameters. Resource reservation may be based on the maximum resources that MS- expects to use for the IMS session.. After the bearer resources are set up in its serving network, MS- indicates to MS- that the reservation has been completed.. After MS- completes resource reservation in its serving network, MS- alerts the user.. MS- indicates to MS- that it is alerting the user.. The called party answers the phone.. MS- indicates to MS- that the called-party has answered and completes the call setup.. The PSVT or Vo session is established and MS- & MS- now exchange media traffic. To reduce call setup time media traffic exchange can also start at step.
19 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP Session Media Traffic.. Over-the-air Link Establishment The MS requests establishment of over-the-air links with the RAN to transport media traffic over the radio interface. In X, all media traffic is transported over auxiliary service options (0,, or ). The MS and RAN establish the necessary service options according to one of the following procedures: For Vo services the MS requests an auxiliary service option (0,, or ) with the appropriate QoS for transport of the speech stream with the flow profiles described in section. For PSVT services one of the following procedures is used: o The MS requests an auxiliary service option () with the appropriate QoS for the combined transport of both the video and audio streams with the flow profiles described in section.. The RAN grants this QoS request on an existing service option or the RAN establishes a new service option instance to provide the requested QoS. Having the audio stream share a service connection with video stream is acceptable if the audio stream does not require a QoS treatment distinct from the video stream. o The MS establishes two auxiliary service options () for the separate transport of the audio and video streams with the flow profiles described in section.. The RAN grants these QoS requests on existing service options or the RAN establishes new service option instances to provide the requested QoS. Separate transport of the media streams allows the RAN to provide different QoS treatments for the streams. Other options for the separate transport of the audio stream are service option 0 or. Service option 0 can be used but does not provide audio-video synchronization information (audio media RTP timestamps) to the MS. Service option can be used but imposes significant implementation complexity which is not warranted by the savings of zero-byte audio packet overhead when in a PSVT call. In HRPD, all the media traffic is transported over auxiliary link flows that are connected to the PDSN as service option or. The MS and RAN establish the necessary auxiliary link flows according to one of the following procedures: For Vo services the MS request two auxiliary link flows (one in each direction) for the transport of the speech stream with the flow profiles described in section.. For PSVT services one of the following procedures is used: o The MS requests two auxiliary link flows (one in each direction) for the combined transport of both the video and audio streams with the flow profiles described in section.. The RAN grants this QoS request on existing link flows or the RAN establishes new link flows to provide the requested QoS. o The MS establishes two pairs of auxiliary link flows for the separate transport of the audio and video streams with the flow profiles described in section.. The RAN grants these QoS requests on existing link flows or the RAN establishes new link flows to provide the requested QoS. Separate transport of the media streams allows the RAN to provide different QoS treatments for the streams... A0 Connection Establishment As the over-the-air links are connected the RAN and PDSN establish corresponding A0 connections between them. Traffic flow filters for these A0 connections are also set by the MS. If Service Based Bearer Control is not required by the network then these connections and filters may be established prior to call setup to reduce setup delay. Otherwise, the Service Based Bearer Control procedures will be followed.... Terminal Addressing The MS and network support S URIs and tel URLs (MDNs) as specified in .
20 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP... PSVT Voice Retry Due to lack of resources in the calling or called terminal s network, a MS may be unable to initiate a PSVT session. When this happens the MS attempts to connect a voice-over- or circuit-switched voice call to the called party if the user has selected such fall back operation.. Session Release.. Multimedia Session Release Figure illustrates the call flow for a mobile initiated multimedia session release when one of the mobiles is roaming. 0 Figure Mobile Initiated Multimedia Session Release. If the MS- wants to terminate the session, it sends a S BYE messages towards MS-. The S messages traverse through all the proxies that are a part of the session.. MS- releases all bearer resources which were allocated to the session. This may also be performed in parallel with step as long as the service connection transporting S control traffic is maintained.. MS- releases all bearer resources which were allocated to the session. This may also be performed in parallel with step as long as the service connection transporting S control traffic is maintained. 0. In-Session Control.. Media Stream Management The MS supports the ability for the user to add, remove, or modify different media streams as follows: A new SDP offer will be used to modify the existing session attributes as described in . An MS that receives a new SDP offer notifies the user of the request to modify the session. The MS renegotiates QoS reservations as needed to support the new session attributes. If a media stream is on hold, the MS does not release the QoS reservation for that stream... Call Waiting Notification While the MS is in an active PSVT or Vo session it alerts the user of other incoming calls using the following procedures: 0
21 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP. If the incoming call is over IMS, the MS receives a S INVITE message over a X packet data instance or a HRPD link flow.. If the incoming call is from the legacy network (via the MSC or MSCe), the MS can be either a. A X-only MS which receives an alert over the X signaling channel, or b. A hybrid HRPD-X MS which receives a page i. Over HRPD signaling (via cross-paging)  and , or ii. Over the X paging channel. Quality of Service 0. Flow Treatment The PSVT and Vo services support the QoS requirements for each flow as specified in section.. Figure 0 illustrates example QoS treatments applied by the RAN to the different data flows. For Vo services, transport of the video RTP and video R as shown in Figure 0 are not applicable. Figure 0 Access Network QoS Treatments for Different Data Flows 0. End-to-End QoS Transport Figure illustrates an example of how packets are provided QoS treatments as they are transported between the terminal, RAN, PDSN, and core network, for a mobile-to-mobile PSVT or Vo call. The transport of traffic in the opposite direction is not shown in the figure but is the mirror image of the call flow shown. RLP links are used to manage different QoS treatments over the air interface between the terminal and the RAN. QoS is managed between the RAN and the PDSN using A0 connections. Diffserv is an example of how to manage QoS between the PDSNs.
22 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0 Figure QoS Mappings for End-to-End PSVT/Vo Media Transport with PDSN Policing and Remarking For the reverse link, the MS sends session control, R, and media packets on the over-the-air links with the appropriate QoS treatments. Based on the Flow Profile ID(s) and its local policy the PDSN polices and may remark the DSCP values of the reverse link packets before forwarding them to the Diffserv Network. For the forward link, the MS sets the TFT filters at the PDSN to direct forward link traffic across the A0 flows with the appropriate QoS treatments as previously defined by the RAN. Each of the A0 flows is mapped into a corresponding over-the-air link at the RAN.. Establishing QoS When the MS establishes the main HRPD link flow or X service option the PDSN obtains the Flow Profile ID(s) authorized for the user from the H-AAA and passes these to the RAN for RAN QoS authorization purposes . The MS reserves a QoS treatment for each media and control flow by requesting an appropriate Flow Profile ID  for each flow using the procedures specified in  or . The S signaling flow uses a Flow Profile ID that supports S signaling traffic or best effort QoS. The audio/speech flow uses a Flow Profile ID that supports audio/speech traffic. The video flow of a PSVT session uses a Flow Profile ID that supports video traffic. R
23 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP traffic uses a Flow Profile ID that supports R traffic or best effort QoS. Alternatively, instead of using Flow Profile IDs, the terminal can use detailed QoS parameters to request the necessary QoS treatment for each type of stream from the RAN. If a QoS reservation is to be used for transporting S signaling then the MS reserves this QoS treatment with the RAN and establish the corresponding TFT filter(s) at the PDSN before a S session is initiated. Before the called party is alerted of the PSVT or Vo session the QoS reservation(s) for media flows and the setting of their corresponding TFT filters are completed by both the calling and called mobile stations with their respective RAN s and PDSNs QoS Session Management The network notifies the MS of changes in the QoS reservations. The MS notifies the user of this change and provides the following options to the user. If the change is a reduction in QoS Continue the session unmodified Modify the session to adapt to the new QoS Terminate the session. If the change is an improvement in QoS Continue the session unmodified Modify the session to adapt to the new QoS level The choice of these options can be selected before the user starts a PSVT or Vo session. Compression. S Compression Support for S compression uses the procedures specified in . 0. Header Compression To reduce the overhead of the audio and video streams ROHC  can be used to compress the headers of these streams. Other compression protocols such as ECRTP  may also be used for service options that support the compression protocol. These compression protocols can be used in either HRPD or X air interfaces. In X, LLA-ROHC (Service Option ) may also be used to compress the audio stream headers over X channels when a native cdma000 codec is used. Service Option 0  may be used to compress the audio stream headers but will require additional procedures to provide audio-video media synchronization. These synchronization procedures are beyond the scope of this document. The amount of overhead per audio payload frame can also be reduced by bundling multiple audio frames in a single audio RTP packet.
24 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0 Security. Authentication and Authorization.. Over-the-Air Link The HLR and AN-AAA provide the authentication and authorization information for the X and HRPD radio links, respectively. Over-the-air access authentication and authorization of the MS is performed by the RAN as described in  or ... Packet Data Service/ Bearer The H-AAA provides the authentication and authorization information for the packet data service/ bearer, including authorization of Flow Profile IDs and treatments. The H-AAA performs the authentication and authorization of the MS as described in ... Multimedia Subsystem The HSS provides the authentication and authorization information for the IMS. The S-CSCF performs the authentication and authorization of the MS as described in . 0. Encryption and Integrity Protection.. Over-the-Air Link Layer Encryption Link layer encryption over the X and HRPD RAN s can be provided using the procedures in  and ... S Control Signaling Security Security of all S control signaling between various IMS entities uses the procedures specified in ... End-to-End Media Encryption For further study. 0 Accounting 0. Offline Charging 0.. Packet Data Accounting Offline packet data accounting for PSVT or Vo sessions is performed using the accounting procedures specified in . 0.. MMD Offline Charging MMD offline charging is performed using the procedures specified in  and .
25 X.R00-0 v.0 GPP 0.. Service Based Bearer Control Accounting For further study Online Charging 0.. PrePaid Packet Data Accounting PrePaid packet data accounting for PSVT or Vo sessions is performed using the accounting procedures for PrePaid packet data services specified in . 0.. MMD Online Charging For further study. 0.. Service Based Bearer Control Accounting For further study. Mobility Management. Inter-BS and Inter-PDSN Handoffs The inter-bs and inter-pdsn handoff procedures specified in  are used by the network to provide handoffs of the PSVT or Vo session. 0. HRPD-X Handoffs For further study. Regulatory Requirements Support for regulatory requirements for Packet Switched Video Telephony (PSVT) and Voice-Over- (Vo) services over cdma000 are outside the scope of this technical report.
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: Session Initiation Protocol EFORT http://www.efort.com (Session Initiation Protocol) as defined in IETF RFC 3261 is a multimedia signaling protocol used for multimedia session establishment, modification
VoIP Standards for CDMA February 8, 2005 Jack Nasielski QUALCOMM 1 Introduction Standards for VoIP and real-time multi-media Not just a replacement for circuit-switched voice Other example services: voice/video
GSMA Overview of GSMA Profile It was agreed in the GSMA in February 2010 that voice services over LTE () shall use the platform standardized by the 3GPP with a view to maximizing international interoperability.
WHAT S BEHIND YOUR SMARTPHONE ICONS? A brief tour of behind-the-scenes signaling for multimedia services Harry G. Perros Computer Science Department NC State University, Raleigh 27695 USA Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
LTE CDMA Interworking ehrpd - Use of a Common Core and a Stepping Stone to LTE Mike Dolan Consulting Member of Technical Staff Alcatel-Lucent Overview ehrpd (evolved High Rate Packet Data*) ehrpd involves
Internet, Part 2 1) Session Initiating Protocol (SIP) 2) Quality of Service (QoS) support 3) Mobility aspects (terminal vs. personal mobility) 4) Mobile IP Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) SIP is a protocol
EHRPD EV-DO & LTE Interworking Bill Chotiner Ericsson CDMA Product Management November 15, 2011 ehrpd LTE & CDMA Interworking What is ehrpd? HRPD Is Standards Name For EV-DO ehrpd Is evolved HRPD ehrpd
This specification describes the situation of the Proximus network and services. It will be subject to modifications for corrections or when the network or the services will be modified. Please take into
Introduction SIP is fast becoming the Voice over IP protocol of choice. During this 3-day course delegates will examine SIP technology and architecture and learn how a functioning VoIP service can be established.
Push-to-talk Over Wireless Is the time right for Push-to-talk? Does it work over GPRS? www.northstream.se Conclusions Push-to-talk is a walkie-talkie-type service implemented over mobile networks. US operator
GPP C.S00-A Version.0 Date: April, 00 GPP 00 COPYRIGHT NOTICE GPP and its Organizational Partners claim copyright in this document and individual Organizational Partners may copyright and issue documents
A0-0009-00 QCOM Circuit Video TSG-A TITLE: Circuit Switched Video Telephony (SO s, ) Support for the next revision of the IOS SOURCE: Sanjeev Athalye QUALCOMM, Incorporated David Ott QUALCOMM, Incorporated
Voice over IP (VoIP) Professor Richard Harris School of Engineering and Advanced Technology (SEAT) Presentation Outline Basic IP phone set up The SIP protocol Computer Networks - 1/2 Learning Objectives
Proceedings of the 6th WSEAS International Conference on Applications of Electrical Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey, May 27-29, 2007 109 Implementing Conditional Conference Call Use Case over IMS and Non
Encapsulating Voice in IP Packets Major VoIP Protocols This topic defines the major VoIP protocols and matches them with the seven layers of the OSI model. Major VoIP Protocols 15 The major VoIP protocols
Mobility and cellular s Wireless WANs Cellular radio and PCS s Wireless data s Satellite links and s Mobility, etc.- 2 Cellular s First generation: initially debuted in Japan in 1979, analog transmission
SIP Based Architecture for Integration of 1xRTT Femtocells 2007 Tatara Systems Tatara Systems grants a free, irrevocable license to 3GPP2 and its Organizational Partners to incorporate text or other copyrightable
An Evaluation of Architectures for IMS Based Video Conferencing Richard Spiers, Neco Ventura University of Cape Town Rondebosch South Africa Abstract The IP Multimedia Subsystem is an architectural framework
TS 182 023 V2.1.1 (2009-01) Technical Specification Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Core and enterprise NGN interaction scenarios; Architecture
ehrpd Mike Keeley Market Segment Director Agenda ehrpd What, Why, and When? ehrpd s Impact on the Core Network ehrpd s Impact on the Mobile Device Verifying ehrpd works 2 Acronyms AAA AN BSC EAP- AKA ehrpd
BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CYBERNETICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES Volume 9, No 3 Sofia 2009 Integration of Services Implemented on Different Service Platforms Evelina Pencheva, Ivaylo Atanasov Technical
IMS (IMS Call) MRFC-AS MRFP 18-May-08 10:40 (Page 1) This sequence diagram was generated with (http://www.eventhelix.com/eventstudio). Copyright 2008 EventHelix.com Inc. All Rights Reserved. The EventStudio
VoIP over 1xEv-DO Revision A CDG VoIP Summit Robert Kerr Nortel Sr. Manager Access Product Evolution San Diego, Feb 8 05 Presentation Topics 1. Why VoIP 2. Elements of a successful VoIP offering 3. VoIP
Contact: ALCATEL CRC Antwerpen Fr. Wellesplein 1 B-2018 Antwerpen +32/3/240.8550; Suresh.Leroy@alcatel.be +32/3/240.7830; Guy.Reyniers@alcatel.be Voice over (Vo) was developed at some universities to diminish
Performance Evaluation of VoIP Services using Different CODECs over a UMTS Network Jianguo Cao School of Electrical and Computer Engineering RMIT University Melbourne, VIC 3000 Australia Email: email@example.com
International Journal of Intelligent Information Technology Application, 2009, 2(5):243-249 A Proposed Model For QoS guarantee In IMSbased Video Conference services Maryam Kiani Department of Electrical
CS Project 09 IMS Video Mail Service (ViMS) September 2009 Content Mobile Arts company presentation Telecom key characteristics IMS Video Service basics IMS Video Mail Service network context IMS Video
The concept of robust header compression, ROHC F E B R U A R Y 2 0 0 4 W W W. E F F N E T. C O M The concept of robust header compression, ROHC C O N T E N T S The need for IP header compression.....................3
Contents Preface Acknowledgement About the Author Acronyms xv xxi xxiii xxv Part I UMTS Networks 1 Introduction 3 1.1 Mobile Telecommunication Networks and Computer Networks 4 1.2 Network Design Principles
VoLTE 3GPP Roaming Further Development of LTE/LTE-Advanced LTE Release 10/11 Standardization Trends VoLTE Roaming and ion Standard Technology In 3GPP Release 11, the VoLTE roaming and interconnection architecture
Article VoIP Introduction Internet telephony refers to communications services voice, fax, SMS, and/or voice-messaging applications that are transported via the internet, rather than the public switched
SC.R00-0 v.0 Evolution of GPP Networks GPP SC.R00-0 v.0 Date: October 00 Technology Evolution Framework for GPP Networks A White Paper COPYRIGHT 00, GPP GPP and its Organizational Partners claim copyright
Mixer/Translator VOIP/SIP RTP Mixer, translator A mixer combines several media stream into a one new stream (with possible new encoding) reduced bandwidth networks (video or telephone conference) appears
Implementing VoIP over CDMA2000 1xEV- DO Rev A; Understanding System Performance and Requirements CDG Tech Forum on VoIP November 4, 2004 Ivan N. Vukovic Motorola, Inc. Global Telecommunication Systems
Verizon Wireless White Paper Verizon Wireless Broadband Network Connectivity and Data Transport Solutions Verizon Wireless White Paper Verizon Wireless Broadband Network Connectivity and Data Transport
Inter-Domain QoS Control Mechanism in IMS based Horizontal Converged Networks Mehdi Mani Wireless Networks and Multimedia Service Department GET-INT Evry, France firstname.lastname@example.org Noel Crespi Wireless
Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) The Emerging System in IP Telephony Introduction Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is an application layer control protocol that can establish, modify and terminate multimedia
A Call Conference Room Interception Attack and its Detection Nikos Vrakas 1, Dimitris Geneiatakis 2 and Costas Lambrinoudakis 1 1 Department of Digital Systems, University of Piraeus 150 Androutsou St,
Security and the Mitel Teleworker Solution White Paper July 2007 Copyright Copyright 2007 Mitel Networks Corporation. This document is unpublished and the following notice is affixed to protect Mitel Networks
Design Document Offline Charging Server (Offline CS ) Version 1.0 - i - Document Scope Objective The information provided in this document specifies the design details of Operations of Offline Charging
1 Migration of Enterprise VoIP/SIP Solutions towards IMS Ram Kumar 1, Frank Reichert 1, Andreas Häber 1, Anders Aasgard 2, Lian Wu 2 Abstract Voice-over-IP (VoIP) solutions are now widely spread and accepted
IP Ports and Protocols used by H.323 Devices Overview: The purpose of this paper is to explain in greater detail the IP Ports and Protocols used by H.323 devices during Video Conferences. This is essential
TR 103 279 V1.1.1 (2014-08) TECHNICAL REPORT End to End Network Architectures (E2NA); Location of Transcoders for voice and video communications 2 TR 103 279 V1.1.1 (2014-08) Reference DTR/E2NA-00006-Loc-Transcoders
Chair for Network Architectures and Services Institute for Informatics TU München Prof. Carle, Dr. Fuhrmann Master Kurs Rechnernetze Computer Networks IN2097 Prof. Dr.-Ing. Georg Carle Dr. Thomas Fuhrmann
All-IP Network Conversion of CS to IP-based Network Special Articles on All-IP Network Technology Evolution of Core Network IP-based FOMA Voice Network toward Enhanced Services and Improved Efficiencies
TECHNICAL CHALLENGES OF VoIP BYPASS Presented by Monica Cultrera VP Software Development Bitek International Inc 23 rd TELELCOMMUNICATION CONFERENCE Agenda 1. Defining VoIP What is VoIP? How to establish
Mobile Core Evolution to Elena Romero, Sales Manager Ericsson AB 2005 1 Why? IP Multimedia Subsystem () is a standardised architecture (defined by 3GPP/3GPP2) for offering services on the packet domain.
Performance Estimation of a SIP based Push-to-Talk Service for 3G Networks Eoin O Regan and Dirk Pesch Adaptive Wireless Systems Group Cork Institute of Technology Ireland Abstract Push-To-Talk (PTT) is
Implementing VoIP support in a VSAT network based on SoftSwitch integration Abstract Satellite communications based on geo-synchronous satellites are characterized by a large delay, and high cost of resources.
Introduction This 4-day course offers a practical introduction to 'hands on' VoIP engineering. Voice over IP promises to reduce your telephony costs and provides unique opportunities for integrating voice
TS 23.204 V7.0.0 (2006-09) Technical Specification 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services and System Aspects; Support of Short Message Service (SMS) over generic Internet
VoIP in the Wireless World Aarti Iyengar Product Specialist, Nortel email@example.com July 2005, Sanog 6-1 Agenda Issues Standards and Market Evolution IP Multimedia Services Architecture Applications and
Open IMS Core with VoIP Quality Adaptation Is-Haka Mkwawa, Emmanuel Jammeh, Lingfen Sun, Asiya Khan and Emmanuel Ifeachor Centre for Signal Processing and Multimedia Communication School of Computing,Communication
What is Mobility? Spectrum of mobility, from the perspective: no mobility high mobility mobile wireless user, using same AP mobile user, (dis) connecting from using DHCP mobile user, passing through multiple
The 3GPP and 3GPP2 Movements Towards an All IP Mobile Network Girish Patel Wireless Solutions Nortel Networks Richardson, TX firstname.lastname@example.org Steven Dennett Personal Communications Sector Motorola
The Open Source IMS Core An Open Source IMS Initiative for the Research Community 1 Motivation for an Open Source IMS Core IMS is in trial phases with telco and cable operators worldwide R&D efforts for
White paper An introduction Table of contents 1 Introducing 3 2 How does it work? 3 3 Inside a normal call 4 4 DTMF sending commands in sip calls 6 5 Complex environments and higher security 6 6 Summary
T E C H N O L O G Y W H I T E P A P E R IMS Interconnect: Peering, Roaming and Security Part One IMS interconnection promises to enable greater reach and richer offerings for the providers that establish
PQ.01.01.08 v3.0 Voice over Wi-Fi Datasheet Version 1.0 29 January 2015 Wi-Fi to the rescue Telecommunication Operators have always struggled to achieve 100% coverage, and to provide basic services like
Integrate VoIP with your existing network As organisations increasingly recognise and require the benefits voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) offers, they stop asking "Why?" and start asking "How?". A
Internet Communications Using SIP Delivering VolP and Multimedia Services with Session Initiation Protocol John Wiley & Sons, Inc. NEW YORK CHICHESTER WEINHEIM BRISBANE SINCAPORE TORONTO Contents Foreword
CHAPTER 2 Sections in this chapter address the following topics: Single Site, page 2-1 Multisite Implementation with Distributed Call Processing, page 2-3 Design Considerations for Section 508 Conformance,
End Device Support for AAA in SIP Conferencing Antti Poikela Helsinki University of Technology email@example.com Abstract This study is a literature survey of current problems and solutions for authentication,
1 Introduction Voice over IP over LTE (VoLTE) Impacts on LTE access EFORT http://www.efort.com IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystems) has been around for some time, and many infrastructure vendors have invested