Why mobile phone masts can be more dangerous than the phones

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Why mobile phone masts can be more dangerous than the phones"

Transcription

1 Why mobile phone masts can be more dangerous than the phones Andrew Goldsworthy BSc PhD, March 2008 Abstract Living cells have a range of negative feedback mechanisms that sense nonthermal radiation damage and use it to trigger various defence systems. These systems are expensive in energy and resources and also reduce metabolic efficiency. The object therefore has to be to keep this damage within tolerable limits rather than to eliminate it. They do this by cutting in only when they approach the limits of toleration. The effect is to keep the damage at or close to these trigger points over a wide range of radiation levels, ranging from that due to a mobile phone handset held close to the head, to that from a mast, which may be hundreds of metres away. The radiation from a handset may actually be less damaging since it is used only intermittently and the body has a chance to recover in between times. However, continuous irradiation from mobile phone base stations, DECT phone base stations and Wifi routers may not allow adequate recovery time, so chronic irradiation from these sources could be far more damaging and more likely to result in cancer, allergy-related conditions and electromagnetic hypersensitivity. There is an urgent need for further research in this area, since the assumption that the only biological effects of non-ionising radiation are due to heating, and fall off rapidly with distance, no longer fits the facts. Introduction People living close to mobile phone masts (base stations) frequently report symptoms of electromagnetic hypersensitivity such as dizziness, headaches, skin conditions, allergies and many others, the mechanisms for which are only just beginning to be understood (see The Dangers of Electromagnetic Smog). There is also growing anecdotal evidence for cancer clusters forming around them. However, we are regularly told by the mobile phone industry that these base stations are safe because their microwave radiation falls off rapidly with distance and is far too low to generate significant heat. Sadly, this is not true. It is based on the false assumption that it is only their heating effect that can cause damage and a serious misunderstanding of the ways in which living organisms use negative feedback to respond to changes

2 Dr. Goldsworthy on effects of EMR 2 in their environment, including the metabolic insults from mobile phones. There are hundreds of scientific papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals showing biological effects from non-ionising radiation that may be hundreds or thousands of times below the levels that cause significant heating (see Bioinitiative). Furthermore, these non-thermal effects include many independent and well-replicated studies showing that the radiation from mobile phone handsets can cause serious damage to the DNA of living cells in less than 24 hours, so we cannot regard these handsets as being safe for anything other than short-term use. Because of the extreme sensitivity of at least some cells to mobile phone radiation, it is likely that the much weaker radiation reaching people living or working close to base stations will also suffer adverse effects. Claims by the mobile phone industry that the base stations are safe because the radiation falls off rapidly with distance are flawed. Although the radiation level does indeed fall off as they say, the biological response will remain more or less constant over a wide range of signal strengths due to the ways in which living cells routinely use negative feedback to compensate for changes in their environment. Negative feedback The concept of negative feedback is extremely simple. For example, if your house is too hot you turn the heating down. This not only makes you feel more comfortable, it also saves fuel. You may regulate the heating manually or you might have a thermostat that does it for you by cutting off the heat when the temperature reaches a predetermined value. In either case, the effect is the same; whenever the temperature isn t right, the thermostat tries to correct it by making the heating system respond in the opposite direction; this is termed negative feedback. Negative feedback is also very familiar to engineers in the electronics industries where it has countless applications. A simple example is the automatic gain control in some radios. This feeds some of the signal going to the loudspeaker back to the amplifier section so that if it is too loud it turns down the gain to keep the sound volume more or less constant over a wide range of signal strengths. As you will soon see, this is very relevant to the way in which the different signal strengths from mobile phones and their base stations can give very similar biological responses. Negative feedback in living organisms

3 Dr. Goldsworthy on effects of EMR 3 Living organisms are full of negative feedback systems, where they are essential to their normal function and ability to respond to an ever-changing environment. For example, if your body finds that it has too much of a particular biochemical, it may turn down or turn off the activity of the enzyme system that makes it. This not only keeps other systems that depend on this chemical running smoothly, it also stops the body wasting resources by making a substance that it doesn t need. Biological feedback and non-thermal radiation So how does this form of biological feedback relate to mobile phones and their masts? Put very simply, because of the extreme sensitivity of at least some living cells to weak non-ionising radiation (see Bioinitiative), the question is not why the weak radiation from a distant mast does so much damage, it is why a handset next to the ear doesn t do very much more. The answer lies in our own negative feedback systems. The body is well able to detect the radiation and the resulting damage. It then puts into action a range of negative feedback measures to mitigate the effects. One of the most damaging effects of this form of radiation is the loss of some of the calcium that normally strengthens cell membranes (see Non-thermal bioelectromagnetic effects explained: Why calcium and potassium effects in the research are so important, for a simple explanation). This results in an increased leakage of materials through cell membranes that can affect many aspects of metabolism. These include damage to DNA, from digestive enzymes leaking from lysosomes (tiny membrane-bound structures in living cells that normally recycle waste), apoptosis (cell death), the generation of false nerve impulses from calcium leakage in brain cells (causing hyperactivity, impairing normal mental function and generating many of the known symptoms of electromagnetic hypersensitivity) (see The Biological Effects of Weak Electromagnetic Fields). Defence mechanisms Calcium expulsion The entry of free calcium ions into living cells is normally carefully regulated and small changes in their concentration play a vital role in controlling many aspects of metabolism. These can be disrupted if electromagnetically-induced

4 Dr. Goldsworthy on effects of EMR 4 membrane leakage lets extra and unscheduled amounts of calcium into the cell, either from the outside or from calcium stores inside. To compensate for this, there is a negative feedback mechanism that pumps surplus calcium out again, but this must be limited since, if the pumping were too effective, it would interfere with the small changes in calcium that normally control metabolism. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) The activation of the enzyme ornithine decarboxylase is triggered by calcium leaking into cells and by nitric oxide produced by damaged mitochondria (membrane-bound particles that provide most of a cell s energy) The role of Nitric Oxide). This enzyme leads to the production of chemicals called polyamines that help protect DNA, and the other nucleic acids needed for protein synthesis from damage, including that from digestive enzymes leaking from lysosomes. Heat-shock proteins (HSP) These are perhaps wrongly named because they can also be produced directly in response to electromagnetic radiation at levels thousands of times lower than that which can generate significant heat. Their job is to combine with vital enzymes, putting them into a sort of cocoon that protects them from damage, but this also stops them working properly. Short-term limitations All of these negative feedback mechanisms are triggered by radiationdamage or directly by the radiation itself, and there may also be others that we still don t know about. Their collective role is to try to limit the damage, but they cannot completely eliminate it without disrupting the cell s normal functions. Consequently, they will be programmed not to cut in until the damage approaches intolerable levels. This effect will maintain the damage and observable symptoms close to the levels at which they cut in over a wide range of radiation intensities. Consequently, any adverse effects and observable symptoms, such as headaches and dizziness, from distant masts and local handsets may be approximately the same, at least in the short

5 Dr. Goldsworthy on effects of EMR 5 term. Long-term limitations Defence mechanisms against non-ionising radiation almost certainly evolved over countless millions of years to protect living organism from weak natural radiation such as the wide-band radiation from thunderstorms that we now perceive as static on our radio sets. However, they are designed only for intermittent use because they disrupt normal metabolism and are expensive in bodily resources and energy. These resources have to come from somewhere. Some may be drawn from our physical energy, making us feel tired. Some may come from our immune system, making us less resistant to disease and cancer. There is no hidden reserve. As it is, our bodies are constantly juggling resources to put them to best use. For example, during the day, they are directed towards physical activity but during the night, they are diverted to repair processes and to the immune system. Day and night irradiation from mobile phone masts (which run continuously) is likely to affect both, with little or no chance to recover. In the long term, this is likely to cause chronic fatigue, serious immune dysfunction leading to an increased risk of cancer, and many of the other symptoms frequently reported by people living close to mobile phone base stations. There are also a growing number of anecdotal reports that the continuous radiation from DECT phone base stations and Wifi routers can have similar effects, so that these too should be considered as being potentially unsafe. We should perhaps add to these the growing use of DECT cordless baby alarms. Although to date there is no firm evidence of adverse effects, these devices irradiate the baby continuously from nearby, but the child is probably too young to report the symptoms. In this case, a delay in the onset of sleep due to brain hyperactivity could be an early warning of potential longer-term damage that may not become apparent until later life. Even a mobile phone left switched on nearby has been shown to disrupt normal sleep rhythms in adults.

6 Dr. Goldsworthy on effects of EMR 6 Why we are not all affected This is due to natural biological variability and is quite normal. For example, not everyone who smokes dies of cancer; it just increases the risk. Similarly, not everyone will be equally affected by non-ionising radiation. There could be many reasons for this; some people may have higher levels of calcium in their blood, which will help stabilise their cell membranes. Others may have more effective natural defence mechanisms or mechanisms that cut in at different levels. Other people may have had their defence systems impaired, by either illness or prolonged electromagnetic exposure. Many more may be affected but have just put it down to the general stress of modern living and have not yet made the link between their symptoms and their now almost universal electromagnetic exposure. However, even if you are one of the lucky ones who suffer no obvious shortterm adverse effects from electromagnetic radiation, there is no cause for complacency. There is no guarantee that you will not suffer long-term effects or that the apparent lack of effect will continue as the general levels of electromagnetic exposure rise and our steadily aging bodies become less and less able to cope. What can we do about it? Very few people would want to give up their mobile phones, but if you have one, for your own personal safety, it is best to keep your calls on it short and relatively infrequent so that your body has a chance to recover in between times. Use text (which takes seconds to transmit) rather than voice calls and avoid making unnecessary downloads from the Internet. The choice is yours, but spare a thought for the people living near the base stations. Some of them may be more badly affected by their continuous irradiation but they have no choice. Your mobile calls will contribute to their problems, so your restraint may help them too. Postscript At present, legislation by many governments (presumably at the request of the mobile phone operators) prevents anyone objecting to the location of base stations on health grounds, and they have been advised not to recognise the problem. I hope that this article may go some way to achieving

7 Dr. Goldsworthy on effects of EMR 7 this much-needed recognition. The problem is far more serious than anyone has previously imagined. I have little doubt that the mobile phone industry will seek to dismiss this article as being mere theory. Yes, it is theoretical, but I have based it on known and well-established facts, and it fits these facts far more closely than their own assertions that the only possible biological effects of this sort of radiation are due to heating and that the radiation from base stations is therefore safe. In the light of these observations, I believe that the time may now have come for an urgent and independent reassessment of the situation based on new and thorough epidemiological, biochemical and medical research on the effects on humans of chronic irradiation. In the meantime, it would be advisable to call for a moratorium on the further expansion of these wireless services until the outcomes of this research become available, and safer means of mobile wireless communication devised. Andrew Goldsworthy BSc PhD is an Honorary Lecturer in Biology at Imperial College London.

Cell Phone. Radiation MCSA NEWS INSIDE THIS ISSUE: VOLUME 4 ISSUE 8 AUGUST Cell Phone Radiation. Walkup Talks Disability

Cell Phone. Radiation MCSA NEWS INSIDE THIS ISSUE: VOLUME 4 ISSUE 8 AUGUST Cell Phone Radiation. Walkup Talks Disability INSIDE THIS ISSUE: Cell Phone Radiation 1 MCSA NEWS VOLUME 4 ISSUE 8 AUGUST 2009 Walkup Talks Disability Vaccine Adjuvant Questioned Relationships and MCS Stephen s Healthy House Dampness Linked to Allergies

More information

Modern Day Electromagnetic Frequencies and Effects on Human Health. Andrew Goldsworthy 2008

Modern Day Electromagnetic Frequencies and Effects on Human Health. Andrew Goldsworthy 2008 Modern Day Electromagnetic Frequencies and Effects on Human Health Andrew Goldsworthy 2008 Our exposure to electromagnetic radiation has increased many thousand-fold in recent years The main sources are

More information

What are radio signals?

What are radio signals? Mobile phones and other wireless technologies have become an integral part of everyday life. But does using a mobile phone regularly, or living near a base station, have any implications for our health?

More information

Regulation for wireless telecommunication equipment

Regulation for wireless telecommunication equipment Wireless devices Regulation for wireless telecommunication equipment * Wireless home telephones * Baby monitors * Wireless on the Internet * Bluetooth * Comparison of SAR values Introduction Do you wonder

More information

Statement of the Chief Medical Health Officer

Statement of the Chief Medical Health Officer Statement of the Chief Medical Health Officer June, 2011 Health Concerns About Cellular Phone Transmission Antennae and Base Stations In 2005, in response to community concerns and after reviewing the

More information

within body bioelectricity is a biofield. It is due to concentration gradient generated across membrane of the cell.

within body bioelectricity is a biofield. It is due to concentration gradient generated across membrane of the cell. ABSRACT The thesis entitled A study of effects of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) on health is based on observing influence of electromagnetic fields around us. Electromagnetic radiation may have an effect

More information

Cell phones and brain tumors: A review including the long-term epidemiologic data. Surgical Neurology September 2009; 72; pp.

Cell phones and brain tumors: A review including the long-term epidemiologic data. Surgical Neurology September 2009; 72; pp. Cell phones and brain tumors: A review including the long-term epidemiologic data 1 Surgical Neurology September 2009; 72; pp. 205 215 Vini G. Khurana, PhD, FRACS, Charles Teo, MBBS, FRACS, Michael Kundi,

More information

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES #1

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES #1 SINGAPORE, 16 AUGUST 2001 HEALTH SCIENCES AUTHORITY PRESS RELEASE ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES #1 THE EMF HEALTH ISSUE 1 Over the past years a large number of scientific

More information

What the experts say: The consensus of scientific opinion

What the experts say: The consensus of scientific opinion What the experts say: The consensus of scientific opinion AMTA relies on the expert judgment of independent public health authorities, such as the World Health Organization, for assessments of safety and

More information

Brain Sm rt EMF Protective Shields

Brain Sm rt EMF Protective Shields Brain Sm rt EMF Protective Shields Cook Your Food With Microwaves Not Your Brain Discover The Health Benefits Of EMF Protective Shields Anti EMP - Anti EMR Anti Radiation Removes Unnecessary EMF Waves

More information

Mobile. Task 1. Report2: Mobile Phones and Radiation Page 1

Mobile. Task 1. Report2: Mobile Phones and Radiation Page 1 Mobile 2 Phones and Radiation Starting Point You may have seen headlines in newspapers and stories on TV about the health dangers of mobile phones. Some people have said they may cause cancer and infertility.

More information

Risk of Brain Tumors From Wireless Phone Use. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography November/December 2010; Vol. 34, No. 6; pp.

Risk of Brain Tumors From Wireless Phone Use. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography November/December 2010; Vol. 34, No. 6; pp. Risk of Brain Tumors From Wireless Phone Use 1 Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography November/December 2010; Vol. 34, No. 6; pp. 799-807 Rash Bihari Dubey, Madasu Hanmandlu, PhD, and Suresh Kumar Gupta,

More information

Therapies for Treatment- Resistant Depression. A Review of the Research

Therapies for Treatment- Resistant Depression. A Review of the Research Therapies for Treatment- Resistant Depression A Review of the Research Is This Information Right for Me or Someone I Care For? Yes, if: A doctor or health care professional has told you that you have major

More information

Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies. Biochemistry Journal. August 1, 2007 405, pp.

Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies. Biochemistry Journal. August 1, 2007 405, pp. Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies 1 Biochemistry Journal August 1, 2007 405, pp. 559 568 Joseph Friedman, Sarah Kraus, Yirmi Hauptman, Yoni Schiff

More information

Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters

Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters by Daniel Hirsch 1 31 January 2011 Abstract The draft report by the

More information

Why mitochondria are important to our health. How they influence the speed at which we age

Why mitochondria are important to our health. How they influence the speed at which we age Why mitochondria are important to our health How they influence the speed at which we age 01 02 CONTENTS 04 What are mitochondria? 08 What happens when things go wrong with your mitochondria? 12 Introducing

More information

ABOUT CONCUSSION. Head Injury Fact sheet

ABOUT CONCUSSION. Head Injury Fact sheet Head Injury Fact sheet 11 Somerset Street / PO Box 1168 Hamilton Telephone (07) 839 1191 Fax (07) 839 5648 Email: admin@thinknz.org.nz ABOUT CONCUSSION CONTENTS Information compiled by D Gronwall, PhD

More information

How To Stop Smoking. Tamra Casper

How To Stop Smoking. Tamra Casper How To Stop Smoking Tamra Casper Ugly Facts About Smoking 52 million Americans smoke cigarettes. 400,000 people in this country die every year due to smoking related illnesses. Each cigarette you smoke

More information

Understanding. Depression. The Road to Feeling Better Helping Yourself. Your Treatment Options A Note for Family Members

Understanding. Depression. The Road to Feeling Better Helping Yourself. Your Treatment Options A Note for Family Members TM Understanding Depression The Road to Feeling Better Helping Yourself Your Treatment Options A Note for Family Members Understanding Depression Depression is a biological illness. It affects more than

More information

Harmonifi TM radiation guard

Harmonifi TM radiation guard Harmonifi TM radiation guard is based on innovative technology that protects you against mobile phone radiation. Email: info@harmonifi.com Web: www.harmonifi.com Social Media: @harmonifi Patented Swiss

More information

It is much more than just feeling tired. It is described by people in many ways such as exhausting, overwhelming sleepiness and weakness.

It is much more than just feeling tired. It is described by people in many ways such as exhausting, overwhelming sleepiness and weakness. Choices Fatigue Fatigue is one of the most common invisible symptoms of MS and one which can have a major impact on all aspects of life. For some people it is the symptom that affects them the most. It

More information

Lesson 1: Looking at risk. Mobiles: are they worth the risk? Rationale. Equipment. Starter

Lesson 1: Looking at risk. Mobiles: are they worth the risk? Rationale. Equipment. Starter Mobiles: are they worth the risk? This series of lessons combines young people s interest in mobile phones with the opportunity to develop their understanding of the effect that microwaves may have on

More information

Safety in the home. We promote equality of opportunity in every aspect of our business in line with our objectives.

Safety in the home. We promote equality of opportunity in every aspect of our business in line with our objectives. Safety in the home We promote equality of opportunity in every aspect of our business in line with our objectives. Wiltshire Rural Housing Association Safety in the home 2015 1 FIRE SAFETY This service

More information

Indoor Environment Electromagnetic Radiation

Indoor Environment Electromagnetic Radiation Indoor Environment Electromagnetic Radiation Purpose: To increase the students awareness of the sources of electric and magnetic fields and the potential for adverse health effects from prolonged exposure

More information

Cell Phone Safety Recommendations

Cell Phone Safety Recommendations DANGER OF USING HANDPHONE - CAUTION!!! Dr. Carlo was hired by the Cellular Telephone Industry Association in 1993 to lead a $28 million, 7-year research program to determine if cell phones were safe. He

More information

EMR Exposure Limits & Assessment Methods for Mobile Phone Communications. Lindsay Martin Manager, Non-Ionising Radiation Section

EMR Exposure Limits & Assessment Methods for Mobile Phone Communications. Lindsay Martin Manager, Non-Ionising Radiation Section EMR Exposure Limits & Assessment Methods for Mobile Phone Communications Lindsay Martin Manager, Non-Ionising Radiation Section Introduction How can we use Wireless Communication Safely? Wireless communication

More information

Mobile use, radio signals and health

Mobile use, radio signals and health Mobile use, radio signals and health Mobile use, radio signals and health How does the mobile network work? Since the 1970s, the use of various types of radio transmitters has risen dramatically, to the

More information

How safe are mobile phones?

How safe are mobile phones? How safe are mobile phones? Q This unit is about why scientists disagree. Different people produce different results and sometimes different people interpret the same results in a different way. The recent

More information

About MS. An introduction to. An introduction to multiple sclerosis for people who have recently been diagnosed. What is MS? Is it common?

About MS. An introduction to. An introduction to multiple sclerosis for people who have recently been diagnosed. What is MS? Is it common? An introduction to multiple sclerosis for people who have recently been diagnosed When you have just been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, you will probably have many questions about the condition and

More information

INFORMED CONSENT INFORMED CONSENT FOR PARTICIPATION IN A HEALTH AND FITNESS TRAINING PROGRAM

INFORMED CONSENT INFORMED CONSENT FOR PARTICIPATION IN A HEALTH AND FITNESS TRAINING PROGRAM INFORMED CONSENT INFORMED CONSENT FOR PARTICIPATION IN A HEALTH AND FITNESS TRAINING PROGRAM NAME: DATE: 1. PURPOSE AND EXPLANATION OF PROCEDURE I hereby consent to voluntarily engage in an acceptable

More information

Wellness Recovery Action Plan WRAP. Personal Workbook

Wellness Recovery Action Plan WRAP. Personal Workbook Wellness Recovery Action Plan WRAP Personal Workbook GR/LD April 2004 Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) The Wellness Recovery Action Plan is a framework with which you can develop an effective approach

More information

MOBILE PHONE MASTS COUNCILLOR NORMAN NUNN-PRICE 25 NOVEMBER 2006

MOBILE PHONE MASTS COUNCILLOR NORMAN NUNN-PRICE 25 NOVEMBER 2006 MOBILE PHONE MASTS COUNCILLOR NORMAN NUNN-PRICE 25 NOVEMBER 2006 Summary This paper is written in order to help the Working Party to formulate a practical policy on the siting of Mobile Phone Masts that

More information

Are you feeling... Tired, Sad, Angry, Irritable, Hopeless?

Are you feeling... Tired, Sad, Angry, Irritable, Hopeless? Are you feeling... Tired, Sad, Angry, Irritable, Hopeless? I feel tired and achy all the time. I can t concentrate and my body just doesn t feel right. Ray B. I don t want to get out of bed in the morning

More information

Cellphones: Safe or Carcinogenic? Scientist 1 Scientist 2 non- ionizing radiation

Cellphones: Safe or Carcinogenic? Scientist 1 Scientist 2 non- ionizing radiation Cellphones: Safe or Carcinogenic? With an estimated five billion worldwide users, the public debate over cellphone and the possible link to cancer is one of critical importance. The concern is that cellphones

More information

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND THEIR FAMILIES. You can live a healthy life, if you get treatment early

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND THEIR FAMILIES. You can live a healthy life, if you get treatment early INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND THEIR FAMILIES Hemochromatosis AN IRON OVERLOAD DISEASE You can live a healthy life, if you get treatment early Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease

More information

What actually is the immune system? What is it made up of?

What actually is the immune system? What is it made up of? This is a radio interview with Ken Sell, M.D., scientific director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health (NIH), and Co-Chairman of the NIH Working

More information

This is the new world of scalar electromagnetism, the zero-point energy, the energy of the absolute nothingness which existed before the world began.

This is the new world of scalar electromagnetism, the zero-point energy, the energy of the absolute nothingness which existed before the world began. What is Scalar energy? This is the new world of scalar electromagnetism, the zero-point energy, the energy of the absolute nothingness which existed before the world began. These new waves of energy are

More information

Why you and your Family Should Get the Flu Shot

Why you and your Family Should Get the Flu Shot Why you and your Family Should Get the Flu Shot Why Get VaCCinated against influenza? Influenza (flu) is a virus that can lead to serious complications, hospitalization, or even death. Even healthy children

More information

CHAPTER 2: UNDERSTANDING CANCER

CHAPTER 2: UNDERSTANDING CANCER CHAPTER 2: UNDERSTANDING CANCER INTRODUCTION We are witnessing an era of great discovery in the field of cancer research. New insights into the causes and development of cancer are emerging. These discoveries

More information

BLM Emerging Risks Team - Report on Mobile Phones/EMFs

BLM Emerging Risks Team - Report on Mobile Phones/EMFs BLM Emerging Risks Team - Report on Mobile Phones/EMFs November 2014 Malcolm Keen Solicitor, BLM London T 020 7865 3381 E Malcolm.keen@blmlaw.com 1 Introduction Use of mobile phones has of course increased

More information

Measurement of Protection from Cell Phone Radiation by 8ight Protect Disc

Measurement of Protection from Cell Phone Radiation by 8ight Protect Disc Measurement of Protection from Radiation by Protect Disc Research conducted by Lisa Tully, PhD, lisatully@earthlink.net Energy Medicine Research Institute, Boulder, CO May, Abstract A study was conducted

More information

Wireless Broadband: Health & Safety Information

Wireless Broadband: Health & Safety Information Wireless Broadband: Health & Safety Information Introduction The increasing use of mobile phones and other wireless technology has been accompanied by public debate about possible adverse effects on health.

More information

Diabetes. Supporting Disabled Members in the Workplace. This short factsheet has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with diabetes.

Diabetes. Supporting Disabled Members in the Workplace. This short factsheet has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with diabetes. Supporting Disabled Members in the Workplace Diabetes This short factsheet has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with diabetes. Someone with diabetes may be entitled to the protection

More information

How drugs effect the central nervous system

How drugs effect the central nervous system DRUGS AND THE BRAIN Most of the psychological and behavioural effects of psychoactive drugs is due the interaction they have with the nerve cells in the CNS (which includes the brain and peripheral nervous

More information

But You Look So Good!

But You Look So Good! But You Look So Good! Fotini (middle), diagnosed in 2007 My neurologist, my family doctor, even my aunt s visiting nurse they all say but you look so good for someone who has MS. My family seems to assume

More information

CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE INTRODUCTION Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a chronic heart condition that affects millions of Americans. It is considered to be the number one cause of death in the United States,

More information

VNS Therapy for Epilepsy

VNS Therapy for Epilepsy VNS Therapy for Epilepsy This pamphlet provides general information for the public. It is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, interactions or adverse effects involving any

More information

Seniors and. Depression. What You Need to Know. Behavioral Healthcare Options, Inc.

Seniors and. Depression. What You Need to Know. Behavioral Healthcare Options, Inc. Seniors and Depression What You Need to Know Behavioral Healthcare Options, Inc. Depression More Than Just The Blues ou may not know exactly what is wrong with you, but you do know that you just don t

More information

WHO S AFRAID OF RF RADIATION? Does Wireless Energy Transport Pose Health Risks?

WHO S AFRAID OF RF RADIATION? Does Wireless Energy Transport Pose Health Risks? A imec / Holst Centre White Paper P.O. Box 8550 5605 KN Eindhoven The Netherlands www.imec-nl.nl www.holstcentre.com WHO S AFRAID OF RF RADIATION? Does Wireless Energy Transport Pose Health Risks? By Hubregt

More information

Public Relations in the Education market

Public Relations in the Education market Public Relations in the Education market The essence of PR is a clash of wants and desires. PR involves telling journalists, producers and editors about your product or service in a way that results in

More information

Physiology Chapter 1 Lecture

Physiology Chapter 1 Lecture Physiology Chapter 1 Lecture I. Anatomy and Physiology - structure and function. *many subdivisions in both areas. See Table 1.1, page 2 *structure and function are interrelated, the structure often determines

More information

False Alarm/Unwanted Fire Signals Reduction Guidance

False Alarm/Unwanted Fire Signals Reduction Guidance False Alarm/Unwanted Fire Signals Reduction Guidance Compiled By: South Wales Fire and Rescue Service Contents Introduction Why reduce false alarms Typical Causes Actions that can be taken Introduction

More information

The Art of Aeronautical Decision-Making Course Table of Contents

The Art of Aeronautical Decision-Making Course Table of Contents Federal Aviation Administration The Art of Aeronautical Decision-Making Course Table of Contents Introduction Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 What is ADM? 3-P Model

More information

Depression in children and adolescents

Depression in children and adolescents Patient information from the BMJ Group Depression in children and adolescents Depression is an illness that affects people of all ages, including children and teenagers. It can stop a child or teenager

More information

Overtraining with Resistance Exercise

Overtraining with Resistance Exercise ACSM CURRENT COMMENT Overtraining with Resistance Exercise One of the fastest growing and most popular types of exercise in recent years is resistance exercise, whether used for the purpose of general

More information

A Depression Education Toolkit

A Depression Education Toolkit A Depression Education Toolkit Facts about Depression in Older Adults What is Depression? Depression is a medical illness. When sadness persists or interferes with everyday life, it may be depression.

More information

The BioInitiative Report shows Our Cellphone Safety Standards are off by about a Billion Percent!

The BioInitiative Report shows Our Cellphone Safety Standards are off by about a Billion Percent! The BioInitiative Report shows Our Cellphone Safety Standards are off by about a Billion Percent! By Virginia Brown, BioElectric Shield How do you feel when you are stressed out? We often think of stress

More information

Hazards of Mobile Waves & Prevention Studies

Hazards of Mobile Waves & Prevention Studies Hazards of Mobile Waves & Prevention Studies Prof. Rushabh Shah Barkha Gupta Khushali Desai ABSTRACT Mobile is the one of the biggest technology evolution of 21st Century. In this era use of mobile phones

More information

ISO IEC 27002 2005 (17799 2005) INFORMATION SECURITY AUDIT TOOL

ISO IEC 27002 2005 (17799 2005) INFORMATION SECURITY AUDIT TOOL 9.1 USE SECURITY AREAS TO PROTECT FACILITIES 1 GOAL Do you use physical methods to prevent unauthorized access to your organization s information and premises? 2 GOAL Do you use physical methods to prevent

More information

Yes, Tuberculosis is a serious problem all over the world. Between 6 and 10 million in South Africa are infected by the TB germ.

Yes, Tuberculosis is a serious problem all over the world. Between 6 and 10 million in South Africa are infected by the TB germ. What is TB? Do many people get tuberculosis (TB)? Yes, Tuberculosis is a serious problem all over the world. Between 6 and 10 million in South Africa are infected by the TB germ. It is infectious, so it

More information

Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol

Section 15.3 Long-Term Risks of Alcohol Objectives Identify five serious physical effects of longterm alcohol abuse. Describe the three stages of alcoholism. List in order three steps taken during recovery from alcoholism. Slide 1 of 25 Myth

More information

Long-Term Effects of Drug Addiction

Long-Term Effects of Drug Addiction Long-Term Effects of Drug Addiction Part 1: Addiction is a chronic disease Drug addiction is considered a chronic brain disease because drugs cause long-lasting changes in brain structure and function.

More information

What you should know about treating your pain with opioids. Important information on the safe use of opioid pain medicine.

What you should know about treating your pain with opioids. Important information on the safe use of opioid pain medicine. What you should know about treating your pain with opioids Important information on the safe use of opioid pain medicine. If your healthcare provider has determined that opioid therapy is right for you,

More information

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related Myth: Only medication can control my diabetes. Reality: Lifestyle changes such as good nutrition, increased physical activity, weight loss and limiting alcohol/cigarette consumption can have a positive

More information

Cell Phones and Health Issues Two articles follow: one from The Independent UK and one from Mercola.com dated December 20, 2007.

Cell Phones and Health Issues Two articles follow: one from The Independent UK and one from Mercola.com  dated December 20, 2007. 1 Cell Phones and Health Issues Two articles follow: one from The Independent UK and one from Mercola.com email dated December 20, 2007. Public Health: The Hidden Menace of Mobile Phones By Geoffrey Lean,

More information

Fatigue. Version 1. Prevention in the NZ Workplace. Fatigue prevention Version 1 July 2014

Fatigue. Version 1. Prevention in the NZ Workplace. Fatigue prevention Version 1 July 2014 Fatigue Prevention in the NZ Workplace Version 1 1 Contents Introduction... 3 What is Fatigue?... 4 Risk Management Approach to Fatigue... 5 Appendices... 11 Toolbox Talks: A, B, C.... 122 Heat Safety

More information

Alcohol and drug abuse

Alcohol and drug abuse Alcohol and drug abuse This chapter explores how alcohol abuse affects our families, relationships, and communities, as well as the health risks associated with drug and alcohol abuse. 1. Alcohol abuse

More information

Why Our Urban Trees Are Dying

Why Our Urban Trees Are Dying P A G E 6 Op-Ed Why Our Urban Trees Are Dying - Andrew Goldsworthy, PhD Electricity is carried in living organisms by ions. Introduction Trees are now dying mysteriously from a variety of diseases in urban

More information

The most serious symptoms of this stage are:

The most serious symptoms of this stage are: The Natural Progression of Hepatitis C The natural history of hepatitis C looks at the likely outcomes for people infected with the virus if there is no medical intervention. However, the process of trying

More information

What is Cancer? Section 2 - What Is Cancer? - 1 -

What is Cancer? Section 2 - What Is Cancer? - 1 - What is Cancer? Normal Growth The human body is made up of many millions of tiny building blocks called cells. Each organ of the body (eg. brain, liver, muscle) contains its own special types of cells,

More information

Published by the Labour Department

Published by the Labour Department Published by the Labour Department 9/2008-1-OHB118 This guide is prepared by the Occupational Safety and Health Branch, Labour Department This edition September 2008 This guide is issued free of charge

More information

CELL PHONE TOWERS TOWN OF INNISFIL

CELL PHONE TOWERS TOWN OF INNISFIL CELL PHONE TOWERS TOWN OF INNISFIL Dr. Jim Pfaff, MD, BSc, MHSc, DAvMed, Associate Medical Officer of Health Marina Whelan, CPHI (C), BSc., Manager, Health Hazards Lori Holmes, CPHI (C), BASc, Coordinator,

More information

Young Person s Guide to CFS/ME

Young Person s Guide to CFS/ME Young Person s Guide to CFS/ME The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health This leaflet has been developed as part of the Evidence based guideline for management of CFS/ME (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

More information

Problem-Solution Essay

Problem-Solution Essay Strong Student Model These writing models are also available in Assessment Masters. The Case for Graduated Licenses Statistics about teenage driving are illuminating: automobile accidents are the leading

More information

How does mental illness interfere with school performance?

How does mental illness interfere with school performance? How does mental illness interfere with school performance? Mental illnesses may interfere with functioning in different ways. Often, the person themselves or the professionals working with them can describe

More information

Why does my child have a hearing loss?

Why does my child have a hearing loss? Introduction This factsheet will tell you about the range of tests that can be carried out to try to find the cause of your child s hearing loss. The process to find out why a child is deaf is sometimes

More information

DESCRIBING OUR COMPETENCIES. new thinking at work

DESCRIBING OUR COMPETENCIES. new thinking at work DESCRIBING OUR COMPETENCIES new thinking at work OUR COMPETENCIES - AT A GLANCE 2 PERSONAL EFFECTIVENESS Influencing Communicating Self-development Decision-making PROVIDING EXCELLENT CUSTOMER SERVICE

More information

Cancer: Cells Behaving Badly

Cancer: Cells Behaving Badly Cancer: Cells behaving badly It s quite likely your body is harboring precancerous cells. Don t panic: this doesn t mean you have cancer. Many of us have cells here and there with defense mechanisms that

More information

Cocaine. Like heroin, cocaine is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Cocaine is a commonly abused drug.

Cocaine. Like heroin, cocaine is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Cocaine is a commonly abused drug. Cocaine Introduction Cocaine is a powerful drug that stimulates the brain. People who use it can form a strong addiction. Addiction is when a drug user can t stop taking a drug, even when he or she wants

More information

Consultation Response Medical profiling and online medicine: the ethics of 'personalised' healthcare in a consumer age Nuffield Council on Bioethics

Consultation Response Medical profiling and online medicine: the ethics of 'personalised' healthcare in a consumer age Nuffield Council on Bioethics Consultation Response Medical profiling and online medicine: the ethics of 'personalised' healthcare in a consumer age Nuffield Council on Bioethics Response by the Genetic Interest Group Question 1: Health

More information

Stress Guidance for Managers

Stress Guidance for Managers Stress Guidance for Managers The University has adopted a wellbeing approach to the management of stress and has revised its Management of Stress policy. The wellbeing approach is underpinned by a recognition

More information

PART I: Neurons and the Nerve Impulse

PART I: Neurons and the Nerve Impulse PART I: Neurons and the Nerve Impulse Identify each of the labeled structures of the neuron below. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. Identify each of the labeled structures of the neuron below. A. dendrites B. nucleus

More information

Key Facts about Influenza (Flu) & Flu Vaccine

Key Facts about Influenza (Flu) & Flu Vaccine Key Facts about Influenza (Flu) & Flu Vaccine mouths or noses of people who are nearby. Less often, a person might also get flu by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching

More information

Why the FIREFLY? An Overview > Fireflies are lighting the way to drug discovery and patient diagnosis

Why the FIREFLY? An Overview > Fireflies are lighting the way to drug discovery and patient diagnosis Mitochondrial Dysfunction An Overview > Why the FIREFLY? Fireflies are lighting the way to drug discovery and patient diagnosis The Foundation for Mitochondrial Medicine is an organization strategically

More information

SUBSTANCE ABUSE & DEPRESSION: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW

SUBSTANCE ABUSE & DEPRESSION: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW SUBSTANCE ABUSE & DEPRESSION: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW TABLE OF CONTENTS What is Depression? 4 Symptoms of Depression 6 Substance Abuse as a Coping Mechanism 8 Which Occurs First? 10 Substance Abuse and the

More information

G1: Homeostasis. Ge1.1 What is homeostasis? Summary Notes/Revision Support: Homeostasis

G1: Homeostasis. Ge1.1 What is homeostasis? Summary Notes/Revision Support: Homeostasis G1: Homeostasis Here is a checklist of knowledge and understanding needed for Homeostasis. You will be expected to apply your knowledge and understanding to familiar and unfamiliar situations. Ge1.1 What

More information

WHAT IS STRESS? So what causes stress?

WHAT IS STRESS? So what causes stress? WHAT IS STRESS? Recognise stress in the workplace Stress is the reaction a staff member may have to excessive pressures or other types of demands placed upon them. It arises when a staff member worries

More information

Dr MH Repacholi Co-ordinator. ordinator,, Radiation and Environmental Health World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Dr MH Repacholi Co-ordinator. ordinator,, Radiation and Environmental Health World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland Dr MH Repacholi Co-ordinator ordinator,, Radiation and Environmental Health World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland WHO EMF Project Scientific Evidence Risk Assessment Standards and Policies Risk

More information

The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz)

The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz) 1 2 The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz) Frequencies of RF devices range from the low frequency AM broadcasts (80 MHz) to higher frequency mobile phones (1900 MHz) smart meters

More information

THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE 10 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE High blood pressure you can help lower yours.* High blood pressure is common. About one in three adults has high blood pressure. You can have high blood

More information

How babies' senses develop

How babies' senses develop B2 There is much growth and change that must occur in your baby s body. For babies born full-term (37-40 weeks), this growth and change occurred within the warm, dark, watery womb. For the premature baby,

More information

Homeostasis and Transport. 1. Technology Enhanced Questions are not available in Word format.

Homeostasis and Transport. 1. Technology Enhanced Questions are not available in Word format. Homeostasis and Transport 1. Technology Enhanced Questions are not available in Word format. 2. If the water concentration inside a cell is higher than the water concentration outside the cell, water flows

More information

What do we mean by evidence?

What do we mean by evidence? 1 of 11 What do we mean by evidence? Background The following point needs to be made explicit to pupils Evidence is the outcome from measurements (data as in tables, graphs) and observations We use evidence

More information

Refer to the Fact Sheet and Verification document that follows for more information on Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) vaccination.

Refer to the Fact Sheet and Verification document that follows for more information on Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) vaccination. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Vaccination All students are required to read and sign the Fact Sheet and Verification form for Hepatitis B Vaccination prior to participating in the clinical education component

More information

Chapter 12. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation. Heat Balance. An Overview of Heat Balance. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation

Chapter 12. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation. Heat Balance. An Overview of Heat Balance. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation Chapter 12 Body core temperature regulation Critical for: Cellular structures Metabolic pathways Too high Protein structure of cells destroyed Too low Slowed metabolism Cardiac arrhythmias Homeothermic

More information

New voice services A consultation on consumer issues

New voice services A consultation on consumer issues Of 186 (Sep 04) New voice services A consultation on consumer issues A summary Issued: 6 September 2004 Deadline for your comments: 15 November 2004 Riverside House 2a Southwark Bridge Road London SE1

More information

HOW GREEN IS YOUR CORDLESS PHONE? RF RADIATION REVIEW

HOW GREEN IS YOUR CORDLESS PHONE? RF RADIATION REVIEW HOW GREEN IS YOUR CORDLESS PHONE? RF RADIATION REVIEW WHAT DOES GREEN MEAN? The term green is the magic word of today and is being use ubiquitously with many products and processes for the indoor environment.

More information

Understanding Relapse in Multiple Sclerosis. A guide for people with MS and their families

Understanding Relapse in Multiple Sclerosis. A guide for people with MS and their families Understanding Relapse in Multiple Sclerosis A guide for people with MS and their families Introduction You have been given this booklet because you have been diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and

More information

DEPRESSION DURING THE TRANSITION TO MENOPAUSE: A Guide for Patients and Families

DEPRESSION DURING THE TRANSITION TO MENOPAUSE: A Guide for Patients and Families DEPRESSION DURING THE TRANSITION TO MENOPAUSE: A Guide for Patients and Families David A. Kahn, MD, Margaret L. Moline, PhD, Ruth W. Ross, MA, Lori L. Altshuler, MD, and Lee S. Cohen, MD www.womensmentalhealth.org

More information