EMR Electro Magnetic Radiation (a more friendly term is EME.. Electro Magnetic Energy)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "EMR Electro Magnetic Radiation (a more friendly term is EME.. Electro Magnetic Energy)"

Transcription

1

2 Acknowledgements WIA Spectrum Committee Michael Owen.. SK VK3KI.. founder of the modern WIA. Phil Wait VK2ASD [President WIA]. Roger Harrison VK2ZRH [WIA Director]. Peter Young VK3MV [ex Director and ACMA]. Noel Higgins VK3NH [ex ACMA]. (BTW.. I am also a member and ex ACMA).

3 EMR Electro Magnetic Radiation (a more friendly term is EME.. Electro Magnetic Energy) I will address :- The ACMA requirements for the operation of Amateur Radio transmitters. [LCD] The impact this requirement has upon all Amateur antenna installations with respect to EMR. Why this has been raised again with such importance since the LCD first came into force in Why the ACMA said no at the end of the HF HP trial. [LCD].. Radiocommunications Licence Conditions (Apparatus Licence) Determination 2003.

4 Quick Survey if I may! How many present applied for a HF HP permit? How many were asked for a subsequent audit? How many down loaded the ACMA Amateur License conditions [LCD] or referred to them? How many here believe you know what the safe distance is necessary for their Station antennae installation? [to comply with MEL]

5 Myths and rumors heard over the air and seen on various reflectors. Only BIG stations can cause EMR. Incorrect.. We all can exceed MEL at 100 watts [or far less]. Other countries have high power so why cant we? Yes some do.. but most of those have very specific and detailed operating requirements. I will demonstrate if I have time tonight. We need high power for reliable communication [viz Darwin Cyclone Tracy] Maybe.. But I was there in 1974 with a FT 101B! It did good!! The WIA sold out to the ACMA. Totally wrong.. We did our very best and are continuing discussions with the ACMA on LCD and HP matters. Its all a lot of baloney and any way, I really don t care! Well that s an opinion that needs responsible re-focusing!!

6 IT IS NOT THE PERMITTED POWER THAT IS THE REAL ISSUE. IT IS THE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS THAT MUST BE MET WITH THE POWER WE USE.

7 My past [and current] involvement with EMR management. Radio Australia Darwin First EMR measurements. New staff births.. their gender. Applying for a High Power EME permit in Difficulty gaining approval and costs that it incurred resulted in me writing EMRCalc. There was no LCD or precedent at this time and remained this way until 2002/2003. Broadcasting from Stringent EMR requirements. Designation of a RF worker and safety requirements. Site radiation folders. Keeping them up to date.

8 Maintaining calibration of radiation meters. Ever present Linies disregard for EMR safety! A previous study into the high incident of cancer in Artarmon. (NSW) and my involvement with the ITU IEC Committee. Repair and maintenance procedures. How safe is a RF PA to work on? Do we as Amateurs' really know what we are getting into when working with high power amplifiers and high gain antennae? Do our magazines warn of the dangers of high power amplifier construction and alignment?

9 What is RF EME? Electromagnetic energy (EME) is the energy stored in an electromagnetic field. It is a part of our natural environment, emitted by sources like the sun, the Earth and the ionosphere, as well as artificial sources such as mobile phones and base stations, broadcast towers, radar facilities, and electrical and electronic equipment. EME is non-ionising radiation, meaning that it has insufficient energy to break chemical bonds or remove electrons (ionisation). In contrast, ionising radiation (such as X-rays) can remove electrons from atoms and molecules thus leading to damage in biological tissue. Radiofrequency (RF) radiation, which is used mainly for communications purposes, is the transfer of energy by radio waves. RF radiation lies in the frequency range between 3 kilohertz (khz) to 300 gigahertz (GHz). In these fact sheets, RF and RF EME are interchangeable terms..

10 Does exposure to RF EMR cause adverse health effects? THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL (POPULATION STUDIES) EVIDENCE DOES NOT GIVE CLEAR OR CONSISTENT RESULTS THAT INDICATE THAT EXPOSURE TO RF EME CAUSES DISEASE IN PEOPLE. SOME STUDIES HAVE SHOWN AN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN HEAVY MOBILE AND CORDLESS TELEPHONE USE AND BRAIN CANCER (MOST PRONOUNCED FOR GLIOMA). LIMITATIONS OF THE METHODOLOGY PREVENT CONCLUSIONS OF CAUSALITY BEING DRAWN FROM THESE OBSERVATIONS. MORE RIGOROUS LONG-TERM STUDIES ARE BEING COORDINATED BY THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) AND AUSTRALIA IS TAKING PART IN THIS RESEARCH PROGRAM.

11 All very well with low level EMR but what if EMR exceeds the limit? We all know the effects of a Microwave oven and how it can cook a chook with 800w at 13cm. And that EIRP is easy to generate on 13cm with Amateur equipment and a high gain antennae!

12 Refresher Why is EMR so important. It has the capability to kill or maim you! 2 VK s are known to have received cornea burns as a direct result of their Amateur or professional careers. Ron VK3AKC.. SK Les VK3ZBJ.. SK We have a duty by law to comply with all requirements stipulated in our license conditions.

13 The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) has the regulatory responsibility to protect the health and safety of persons exposed to RF EME from radiocommunications transmitters. In order to fulfill this regulatory responsibility the then Australian Communications Authority, now ACMA, adopted the ARPANSA limits into the Radiocommunications (Electromagnetic Radiation - Human Exposure) Standard 2003 and the licence conditions for radiocommunications transmitters.

14 EMR Standard The Australian EMR Authority is the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency. [ARPNSA] The requirements are no different to the majority of countries through out the World. Some Countries are even more stringent than ourselves. We operate under Part 3 of our ACMA License Conditions (Apparatus Licence) Determination 2003 [LCD] which adds further stipulations to the ARPNSA standard that include :- Tx Power and Antenna accessibility requirements. Additional house keeping requirements if Level 1 is not met and Level 2 compliance is required.

15 ARPNSA STANDARD For RF workers only >> Note Table 7 refers to RMS Electric and Magnetic fields best applicable to the Amateur Service whilst Table 8 refers to Peak fields. For General Public >> 6 minute average total power >> Units are in W/m² >>

16

17 ACMA Licensing requirements Part 3 Section 9 (page 8) Level 1 criteria (1) This section applies to a transmitter (other than a mobile station) (a) for which: (i) the average total power supplied by the transmitter to all antennas fed by the transmitter is not more than 100 W; and (ii) each antenna fed by the transmitter is installed so that it is inaccessible to a member of the general public; or (b) for which: (i) the bottom of the lowest antenna fed by the transmitter is at least 10 m above ground level; and (ii) the average total equivalent isotropically radiated power of all antennas fed by the transmitter is not more than 3200 W in any direction; then if either (a) or (b) is met then Level 2 Assessment is not required

18 ACMA Licensing requirements. Part 3 Section 10 (page 9 & 10) Level 2 criteria (1) This section applies to a transmitter to which section 9 does not apply. (2) After 31 May 2003, the licensee must: AS ; and (a) be able to show that the licensee complies with section 8 in relation to the transmitter by: (i) measuring RF fields in accordance with AS ; or (ii) calculating RF fields using a model or method that is derived from the mathematical formulae mentioned in Appendix B to (b) keep records in accordance with section 15. Note for subparagraph (a) (ii) Models or methods include: mathematical modelling computer software programs charts and graphs. (3) If the licensee spatially averages measurements taken for subparagraph (2) (a) (i), the licensee must do so in accordance with section 2.7 of the ARPANSA standard.

19 BBBUT. The over riding requirement is contained in the preceding Part 3 Section 8

20

21 In summary Antennae Height and accessibility to the Public If you run an average total power less than 100 watts pm then your antennae must be inaccessible to the Public or the lowest point has to be a minimum of 10 meters above the ground and Your total EIRP must be less than 3200 watts To meet Level 1 criteria.

22 If you run an average total power greater than 100 watts pm then your antennae must be inaccessible to the Public and the lowest point has to be a minimum of 10 meters above the ground and Your total EIRP must be less than 3200 watts To meet Level 1 criteria.

23 What does it really mean? There has not been a change to our licensing requirements Just our interpretation of the safe distance requirement. This was revealed during the HF high power permit application trial. I will now demonstrate the requirements of power and accessibility that effect Amateur Radio installations with the VK3UM EMR Calculator.

24 Changes I made to the VK3UM EMR Calculator to comply with the ACMA requirements. Documents available from

25 Relationship between the transmission mode form factor and the 6 minute period average that determines the average transmitter power. (pm)

26 If less than 100w pm and inaccessible to the public then a 10m minimum antennae height is not required. Less 0.5db transmission loss

27 Greater than 100w pm with antennae inaccessible and a 10m antennae height does not require L2 compliance Less 0.5db transmission loss

28 Greater than 100w pm requires inaccessible to the public and >= 10m min antennae height Less 0.5db transmission loss

29 Level 2 compliance is required but the safe distance is only 3.86m for a tower height of 4.13m

Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation

Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation Australia s regulator for broadcasting, the internet, radiocommunications and telecommunications www.acma.gov.au Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation Information for licensees of

More information

sources in our environment i.e. Natural and man-made. The sun, earth and ionosphere are the natural source.

sources in our environment i.e. Natural and man-made. The sun, earth and ionosphere are the natural source. Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) consist of waves of electric and magnetic energy moving together at the speed of light and sometimes is referred as electromagnetic field (EMF) They are basically two forms

More information

EMR COMPLIANCE HOW TO ENSURE YOUR NATA ACCREDITED CONTRACTOR IS ABLE TO PROVIDE A NATA ENDORSED REPORT

EMR COMPLIANCE HOW TO ENSURE YOUR NATA ACCREDITED CONTRACTOR IS ABLE TO PROVIDE A NATA ENDORSED REPORT EMR COMPLIANCE HOW TO ENSURE YOUR NATA ACCREDITED CONTRACTOR IS ABLE TO PROVIDE A NATA ENDORSED REPORT Chris Zombolas Technical Director, EMC Technologies Pty Ltd 57 Assembly Drive Tullamarine Vic. 3043,

More information

What are radio signals?

What are radio signals? Mobile phones and other wireless technologies have become an integral part of everyday life. But does using a mobile phone regularly, or living near a base station, have any implications for our health?

More information

VK3UM Electro-magnetic Radiation Calculator. Table of Contents

VK3UM Electro-magnetic Radiation Calculator. Table of Contents Table of Contents Disclaimer 2 Background 3 Glossary of terms 4 Program Objectives 5 Calculations provided 6 Screen Options 8 Safe Elevation Angle 18 Australian Level 1 and Level 2 requirements 21 Screen

More information

VK3UM Electro Magnetic Radiation Calculator. Table of Contents

VK3UM Electro Magnetic Radiation Calculator. Table of Contents Table of Contents VK3UM EMR Calculator 2 Disclaimer 2 Background 3 Program Objectives 4 Calculations Provided 5 Screen Options 7 Circular Apertures 14 Calculation Methods 16 Examples 17 Author 19 References

More information

SERVICES BROCHURE +61 8 9381 7199 +61 8 9381 7166. email: info@t-r-s.com.au www.t-r-s.com.au. PO BOX 680, Claremont, 6910, Western Australia

SERVICES BROCHURE +61 8 9381 7199 +61 8 9381 7166. email: info@t-r-s.com.au www.t-r-s.com.au. PO BOX 680, Claremont, 6910, Western Australia SERVICES BROCHURE +61 8 9381 7199 +61 8 9381 7166 email: info@t-r-s.com.au www.t-r-s.com.au PO BOX 680, Claremont, 6910, Western Australia COMPANY INFORMATION Total Radiation Solutions Pty Ltd (TRS) is

More information

Electromagnetic radiation exposure: assessment against ACA mandated limits

Electromagnetic radiation exposure: assessment against ACA mandated limits Electromagnetic radiation exposure: assessment against ACA mandated limits General radio services (operating above 0 MHz) (Edition May 0) Disclaimer Unless otherwise specified, the information contained

More information

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES #1

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES #1 SINGAPORE, 16 AUGUST 2001 HEALTH SCIENCES AUTHORITY PRESS RELEASE ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND PUBLIC HEALTH HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES #1 THE EMF HEALTH ISSUE 1 Over the past years a large number of scientific

More information

Electromagnetic radiation exposure: assessment against ACA mandated limits

Electromagnetic radiation exposure: assessment against ACA mandated limits Electromagnetic radiation exposure: assessment against ACA mandated limits Paging services (Edition May 2002) Disclaimer Unless otherwise specified, the information contained in these guidelines is intended

More information

HUMAN EXPOSURE TO EMR: ASSESSMENT OF AMATEUR RADIO STATIONS FOR COMPLIANCE WITH ACA REQUIREMENTS

HUMAN EXPOSURE TO EMR: ASSESSMENT OF AMATEUR RADIO STATIONS FOR COMPLIANCE WITH ACA REQUIREMENTS HUMAN EXPOSURE TO EMR: ASSESSMENT OF AMATEUR RADIO STATIONS FOR COMPLIANCE WITH ACA REQUIREMENTS May 2005 Version 2.0 PO Box 78 BELCONNEN ACT 2616 Telephone (02) 6219 5555 Facsimile (02) 6219 5353 www.aca.gov.au

More information

MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF RF EME LEVELS FROM MOBILE TELEPHONE BASE STATIONS LOCATED AT LEICHHARDT, NSW

MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF RF EME LEVELS FROM MOBILE TELEPHONE BASE STATIONS LOCATED AT LEICHHARDT, NSW AUSTRALIAN RADIATION PROTECTION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY AGENCY A R P N S A Lower Plenty Road YALLAMBIE VIC 3085 Phone 61 3 9433 2211 Fax 61 3 9432 1835 E-mail: arpansa@health.gov.au Web: www.arpansa.gov.au

More information

What the experts say: The consensus of scientific opinion

What the experts say: The consensus of scientific opinion What the experts say: The consensus of scientific opinion AMTA relies on the expert judgment of independent public health authorities, such as the World Health Organization, for assessments of safety and

More information

Working safely around Radiofrequency (RF) Transmitters

Working safely around Radiofrequency (RF) Transmitters Working safely around Radiofrequency (RF) Transmitters Exposure to excessive levels of radiofrequency (RF) emissions may affect your health This Mobile Carriers Forum (MCF) Fact sheet series is designed

More information

EMR Exposure Limits & Assessment Methods for Mobile Phone Communications. Lindsay Martin Manager, Non-Ionising Radiation Section

EMR Exposure Limits & Assessment Methods for Mobile Phone Communications. Lindsay Martin Manager, Non-Ionising Radiation Section EMR Exposure Limits & Assessment Methods for Mobile Phone Communications Lindsay Martin Manager, Non-Ionising Radiation Section Introduction How can we use Wireless Communication Safely? Wireless communication

More information

Clean, Green and Safe Management System

Clean, Green and Safe Management System Clean, Green and Safe Management System SP 24-38: Working with Radio Frequency Radiation - Minimum Requirements Author : Communications Network Operations Centre Manager A. Reece Checked by: Manager Communications/

More information

Wireless Broadband: Health & Safety Information

Wireless Broadband: Health & Safety Information Wireless Broadband: Health & Safety Information Introduction The increasing use of mobile phones and other wireless technology has been accompanied by public debate about possible adverse effects on health.

More information

ARPANSA. Protecting people and the environment from the harmful effects of radiation REGULATORY GUIDE

ARPANSA. Protecting people and the environment from the harmful effects of radiation REGULATORY GUIDE ARPANSA Protecting people and the environment from the harmful effects of radiation REGULATORY GUIDE How to Determine Whether a RF Source is a Controlled Apparatus January 2012 REGULATORY GUIDE: How to

More information

Human Exposure Limits

Human Exposure Limits Human Exposure Limits Session 3 0 Version December 2014 Learning objectives In this session we will: Learn about the international exposure limits for workers and the public Learn about methods for assessing

More information

Selected Radio Frequency Exposure Limits

Selected Radio Frequency Exposure Limits ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY & HEALTH DIVISION Chapter 50: Non-ionizing Radiation Selected Radio Frequency Exposure Limits Product ID: 94 Revision ID: 1736 Date published: 30 June 2015 Date effective: 30 June 2015

More information

Radio Frequency (RF) Exposure Compliance of Radiocommunication Apparatus (All Frequency Bands)

Radio Frequency (RF) Exposure Compliance of Radiocommunication Apparatus (All Frequency Bands) Issue 3 June 2009 Spectrum Management and Telecommunications Radio Standards Specification Radio Frequency (RF) Exposure Compliance of Radiocommunication Apparatus (All Frequency Bands) Aussi disponible

More information

3 Radio Waves and Human Body 8 Specific Absorption Rate (SAR)... 8 SAR value of a mobile handset... 8 Radiation level by a mobile tower...

3 Radio Waves and Human Body 8 Specific Absorption Rate (SAR)... 8 SAR value of a mobile handset... 8 Radiation level by a mobile tower... i Mobile Communication- Radio Waves & Safety Content 1 Overview 3 2 Radio Waves in Cellular Communication System 4 Radio waves... 4 Electric field, Magnetic field... 4 Electromagnetic field (EMF)... 4

More information

SITE RADIATION SURVEY

SITE RADIATION SURVEY SITE RADIATION SURVEY Site X, zzz Town XX XXXXXXX, XXXXXXX Site ID No: 12345 Dated: 29.09.2007 1 CONTENTS 1.0 SCOPE... 3 2.0 EQUIPMENT... 4 3.0 TRANSMITTERS... 5 4.0 FM Antenna Details... 7 6.0 GENERAL...

More information

Keywords Mobile Tower Radiations, Electromagnetic Radiations, Signal Strength, Mobile Phone

Keywords Mobile Tower Radiations, Electromagnetic Radiations, Signal Strength, Mobile Phone Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2015 ISSN: 2277 128X International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering Research Paper Available online at: www.ijarcsse.com Analysis of

More information

Fixed Wireless Fact Sheet

Fixed Wireless Fact Sheet National Broadband Network Fixed Wireless Fact Sheet What is the National Broadband Network? The National Broadband Network (NBN) is designed to provide high speed broadband access to 100 per cent of Australian

More information

Sample Foundation Theory Assessment Paper

Sample Foundation Theory Assessment Paper Question 1. A call over radio involving safety of life is referred to as: A) a dire emergency B) a distress call Assessor C) an urgency call D) a security call Question 2. An urgent situation not involving

More information

Radiofrequency Fields from Mobile Phone Technology

Radiofrequency Fields from Mobile Phone Technology 4 Radiofrequency Fields from Mobile Phone Technology Radiofrequency Radiation Usage 4.1 Mobile phones and their base stations transmit and receive signals using electromagnetic waves (also referred to

More information

Appendix 1. The Existing Regulatory Scheme Comprises:

Appendix 1. The Existing Regulatory Scheme Comprises: The Existing Regulatory Scheme Comprises: A. An Act about management of the radiofrequency spectrum and other matters. The short title is Radiocommunications Act (Cth) No. 174 1992 as amended; B. An Act

More information

OpenWay Radio Frequency FAQ

OpenWay Radio Frequency FAQ OpenWay Radio Frequency FAQ March 10, 2010 2010, Itron Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Overview This document provides general information about radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields from OpenWay wireless

More information

University of Pittsburgh Safety Manual Subject: GUIDELINES FOR RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION (RF) EH&S Guideline Number: Effective Date 08/25/2015

University of Pittsburgh Safety Manual Subject: GUIDELINES FOR RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION (RF) EH&S Guideline Number: Effective Date 08/25/2015 Page 1 of 6 The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) are concerned about potential health hazards to workers exposed

More information

Smart meters: Compliance with radio frequency exposure standards

Smart meters: Compliance with radio frequency exposure standards Smart meters: Compliance with radio frequency exposure standards Summary Smart meters use low power radio frequency signals to collect and transmit information about use of services such as electricity,

More information

EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS ON ORGANISMS AND PROTECTION PRINCIPLES

EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS ON ORGANISMS AND PROTECTION PRINCIPLES EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS ON ORGANISMS AND PROTECTION PRINCIPLES HANDAN TUNCEL İstanbul University, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty Department of Biophysics hntuncel@istanbul.edu.tr The electromagnetic

More information

Advanced Measurements of Microwave Oven Leakage

Advanced Measurements of Microwave Oven Leakage Conference paper Advanced Measurements of Microwave Oven Leakage M. Bangay [1] C. Zombolas [2] 1. Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency 2. EMC Technologies Pty Ltd Abstract Reports

More information

COMMUNICATIONS AND MULTIMEDIA ACT 1998 CLASS ASSIGNMENTS NO. 1 OF 2015

COMMUNICATIONS AND MULTIMEDIA ACT 1998 CLASS ASSIGNMENTS NO. 1 OF 2015 COMMUNICATIONS AND MULTIMEDIA ACT 1998 CLASS ASSIGNMENTS NO. 1 OF 2015 IN exercise of the powers conferred by section 169 of the Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 [Act 588], the Commission issues

More information

within body bioelectricity is a biofield. It is due to concentration gradient generated across membrane of the cell.

within body bioelectricity is a biofield. It is due to concentration gradient generated across membrane of the cell. ABSRACT The thesis entitled A study of effects of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) on health is based on observing influence of electromagnetic fields around us. Electromagnetic radiation may have an effect

More information

ETSI TR 101 870 V1.1.1 (2001-11)

ETSI TR 101 870 V1.1.1 (2001-11) TR 101 870 V1.1.1 (2001-11) Technical Report Fixed radio transmitter sites; Exposure to non-ionising electromagnetic fields; Guidelines for working conditions 2 TR 101 870 V1.1.1 (2001-11) Reference DTR/SAFETY-00004

More information

ATTACHMENT F: RF Report dated

ATTACHMENT F: RF Report dated ATTACHMENT F: RF Report dated 8-27-15 FCC Radio Frequency Protection Guide The U.S. Congress required (1996 Telecom Act) the Federal Communications Commission ( FCC ) to adopt a nationwide human exposure

More information

Mobile Phone Base-Station Audit

Mobile Phone Base-Station Audit Mobile Phone Base-Station Audit Audit site: Aylesbury Road Wing Leighton Buzzard Beds LU7 0NY The Office of Communications (Ofcom) is responsible for management of the civil radio spectrum in the UK. Following

More information

Cell phones and brain tumors: A review including the long-term epidemiologic data. Surgical Neurology September 2009; 72; pp.

Cell phones and brain tumors: A review including the long-term epidemiologic data. Surgical Neurology September 2009; 72; pp. Cell phones and brain tumors: A review including the long-term epidemiologic data 1 Surgical Neurology September 2009; 72; pp. 205 215 Vini G. Khurana, PhD, FRACS, Charles Teo, MBBS, FRACS, Michael Kundi,

More information

COMMUNICATIONS AND MULTIMEDIA ACT 1998 NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF CLASS ASSIGNMENTS

COMMUNICATIONS AND MULTIMEDIA ACT 1998 NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF CLASS ASSIGNMENTS COMMUNICATIONS AND MULTIMEDIA ACT 1998 NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF CLASS ASSIGNMENTS IN exercise of the powers conferred by section 169 of the Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 [Act 588], the Commission

More information

The field strength measurement and SAR experience related to human exposure in 110 MHz to 40 GHz

The field strength measurement and SAR experience related to human exposure in 110 MHz to 40 GHz The field strength measurement and SAR experience related to human exposure in 110 MHz to 40 GHz J. Klima, R. Ščehovič Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Mathias Bel, Tajovského

More information

BLM Emerging Risks Team - Report on Mobile Phones/EMFs

BLM Emerging Risks Team - Report on Mobile Phones/EMFs BLM Emerging Risks Team - Report on Mobile Phones/EMFs November 2014 Malcolm Keen Solicitor, BLM London T 020 7865 3381 E Malcolm.keen@blmlaw.com 1 Introduction Use of mobile phones has of course increased

More information

Radio Communications Site Management Book

Radio Communications Site Management Book Radio Communications Site Management Book NSA Site No: XXXXXXX SITE NAME RCSMB Issue No: X Street Address Suburb STATE Postcode RCSMB SITE NAME Page 1 of 20 RCSMB Document Revision History Issue No Issue

More information

COMMUNICATIONS ALLIANCE LTD INDUSTRY CODE C564:2011 MOBILE PHONE BASE STATION DEPLOYMENT

COMMUNICATIONS ALLIANCE LTD INDUSTRY CODE C564:2011 MOBILE PHONE BASE STATION DEPLOYMENT COMMUNICATIONS ALLIANCE LTD INDUSTRY CODE C564:2011 MOBILE PHONE BASE STATION DEPLOYMENT Industry Code - Mobile Phone Base Station Deployment This Code was issued in draft form for public comment as DR

More information

PH0101 Unit 2 Lecture 6 Klystron Oscillator Reflex Klystron Traveling Wave Tube Biological effect of microwaves

PH0101 Unit 2 Lecture 6 Klystron Oscillator Reflex Klystron Traveling Wave Tube Biological effect of microwaves PH0101 Unit 2 Lecture 6 Klystron Oscillator Reflex Klystron Traveling Wave Tube Biological effect of microwaves 1 Klystron Oscillator A klystron is a vacuum tube that can be used either as a generator

More information

Measurements of radiofrequency fields from a WEL Networks Smart Meter

Measurements of radiofrequency fields from a WEL Networks Smart Meter Measurements of radiofrequency fields from a WEL Networks Smart Meter Report 2012/36 This report was prepared for: WEL Networks Ltd P O Box 925 Hamilton Report prepared by: Martin Gledhill Finalised: 7

More information

EMR IN THE COMMUNITY - MANAGING THE INVISIBLE

EMR IN THE COMMUNITY - MANAGING THE INVISIBLE EMR IN THE COMMUNITY - MANAGING THE INVISIBLE Barbara Phi, FuturePace Solutions, Australia futurepace@bigpond.com Chris Zombolas, EMC Technologies Pty Ltd, Melbourne Australia, chris@emctech.com.au Abstract

More information

Product Safety and RF Exposure for Mobile Two-Way Radios Installed in Vehicles or as Fixed Site Control Stations

Product Safety and RF Exposure for Mobile Two-Way Radios Installed in Vehicles or as Fixed Site Control Stations Product Safety and RF Exposure for Mobile Two-Way Radios Installed in Vehicles or as Fixed Site Control Stations! C a u t i o n BEFORE USING THIS RADIO, READ THIS BOOKLET WHICH CONTAINS IMPORTANT OPERATING

More information

Human EMF Exposure Limit Regulation

Human EMF Exposure Limit Regulation Human EMF Exposure Limit Regulation Document for consultation -- / -- / 2009 1 Chapter 1: Purpose and scope of the Regulation Article 1. Background 1. This human (Electro-Magnetic Field) EMF Exposure Limit

More information

Operating Instructions. DBH09R 80 Channel 1 watt UHF Hand held with. Rechargeable batteries and docking station. 2 way Citizen Band radios

Operating Instructions. DBH09R 80 Channel 1 watt UHF Hand held with. Rechargeable batteries and docking station. 2 way Citizen Band radios Operating Instructions DBH05 80 Channel 0.5 watt UHF Hand held DBH20 80 Channel 2 watt UHF Hand held DBH09R 80 Channel 1 watt UHF Hand held with Rechargeable batteries and docking station 2 way Citizen

More information

UNDERSTANDING RADIO FREQUENCY AND BC HYDRO S SMART METERS

UNDERSTANDING RADIO FREQUENCY AND BC HYDRO S SMART METERS UNDERSTANDING RADIO FREQUENCY AND BC HYDRO S SMART METERS SUMMARY Radio frequency (RF) technology has been around for over years and is a part of everyday life radios, TVs and medic alert systems are examples.

More information

Mobile use, radio signals and health

Mobile use, radio signals and health Mobile use, radio signals and health Mobile use, radio signals and health How does the mobile network work? Since the 1970s, the use of various types of radio transmitters has risen dramatically, to the

More information

RF safety at base station sites

RF safety at base station sites RF safety at base station sites CONTENTS 1 Purpose and scope................................................. 2 2 Introduction........................................................ 2 3 Basic information...................................................

More information

EMR - SAR Testing & Approval Requirements for Australia

EMR - SAR Testing & Approval Requirements for Australia NIST Gaithersburg MD, USA 2009 SAR-EMR Requirements for Australia NIST MRA Workshop 2009 Gaithersburg, MD U.S.A. EMR - SAR Testing & Approval Requirements for Australia Chris Zombolas, Technical Director

More information

SR Communications Tower Task Force Dr. Jeff Liva, Allen Cohen, Rebecca Rogers

SR Communications Tower Task Force Dr. Jeff Liva, Allen Cohen, Rebecca Rogers SR Communications Tower Task Force Dr. Jeff Liva, Allen Cohen, Rebecca Rogers 1 Table of Contents 2 Chemical hazards. These develop from excessive exposure to concentrations of chemicals in environment.

More information

Annex to the joint statement: Exposure of the general public to radiofrequency fields

Annex to the joint statement: Exposure of the general public to radiofrequency fields 16 November 2009 Annex to the joint statement: Exposure of the general public to radiofrequency fields 1. Introduction This document presents typical exposure of the general public to radiofrequency (RF)

More information

Users Manual FA106 / FA306 version 1.0. Field Analyzer. FA106 and FA306. Users Manual

Users Manual FA106 / FA306 version 1.0. Field Analyzer. FA106 and FA306. Users Manual Field Analyzer FA106 and FA306 Users Manual 1 Contents Contents...2 Preface...3 Chapter 1 Basic Functions...4 1.1 Turning on/off...4 1.2 Choosing the required measuring mode...4 1.3 Picture of front panel...5

More information

Electromagnetic Field Safety

Electromagnetic Field Safety SAR A Basic Restriction for Electromagnetic Field Safety David Baron, PE Consulting Engineer Electromagnetic Field Safety d.baron@ieee.org NOTE. CENAM is not responsible for the content of this document.

More information

COLLATED QUESTIONS: ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION

COLLATED QUESTIONS: ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION COLLATED QUESTIONS: ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION 2011(2): WAVES Doppler radar can determine the speed and direction of a moving car. Pulses of extremely high frequency radio waves are sent out in a narrow

More information

By Ali Zamanian and Cy Hardiman Fluor Corporation, Industrial and Infrastructure Group. faced many times

By Ali Zamanian and Cy Hardiman Fluor Corporation, Industrial and Infrastructure Group. faced many times From July 2005 High Frequency Electronics Copyright 2005 Summit Technical Media Electromagnetic Radiation and Human Health: A Review of Sources and Effects By Ali Zamanian and Cy Hardiman Fluor Corporation,

More information

Release: 1. ICTTCR3192A Protect against electromagnetic radiation and system hazards when working on telecommunications radio sites

Release: 1. ICTTCR3192A Protect against electromagnetic radiation and system hazards when working on telecommunications radio sites Release: 1 ICTTCR3192A Protect against electromagnetic radiation and system hazards when working on telecommunications radio sites ICTTCR3192A Protect against electromagnetic radiation and system hazards

More information

The Independent Review and Scientific Investigation Panel

The Independent Review and Scientific Investigation Panel Breast cancer cluster, ABC Toowong Queensland First progress report of the independent Review and Scientific Investigation Panel: Outline of proposed approach to its task Background Female staff members

More information

RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION, (RFR): (RFR Information - Technology Newsletter, Full Version)

RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION, (RFR): (RFR Information - Technology Newsletter, Full Version) RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION, (RFR): (RFR Information - Technology Newsletter, Full Version) George M. Harris, P.E. (Revised February, 2011) Questions: -What is Radiofrequency Radiation, (RFR)? -With SO MANY

More information

National Grid USA Companies Safety Procedure Page No.

National Grid USA Companies Safety Procedure Page No. Safety Procedure Rev. No. Page No. Initial Issue i FOREWORD National Grid s vision is to be a world-class safety organization, with zero injuries every day. A critical component of achieving this vision

More information

Automated Meter Reading Frequently Asked Questions. What is AMR?

Automated Meter Reading Frequently Asked Questions. What is AMR? Automated Meter Reading Frequently Asked Questions What is AMR? AMR stands for Automated Meter Reading. It is a method of using advanced communications technology to read meters remotely. It reduces human

More information

Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (Austria)

Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (Austria) CENELEC/ETSI JOINT WORKING GROUP ON EMC OF CONDUCTED TRANSMISSION NETWORKS CENELEC/ETSI JWG(06)16_09 16 th MEETING TO BE HELD ON 21 & 22 February 2006 at ETSI, SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS Source: Federal Ministry

More information

Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation

Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License. Your use of this material constitutes acceptance of that license and the conditions of use of materials on this

More information

MANAGEMENT OF BI-DIRECTIONAL AMPLIFIERS IN THE LAND MOBILE SERVICE IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE 29.7 MHz TO 520 MHz

MANAGEMENT OF BI-DIRECTIONAL AMPLIFIERS IN THE LAND MOBILE SERVICE IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE 29.7 MHz TO 520 MHz RALI : LM 6 DATE OF EFFECT :.13/03/96 Sequence Number :.66 Radiocommunications Assignment and Licensing Instruction MANAGEMENT OF BI-DIRECTIONAL AMPLIFIERS IN THE LAND MOBILE SERVICE IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE

More information

INDUSTRY CODE ACIF C564:2004 DEPLOYMENT OF MOBILE PHONE NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE

INDUSTRY CODE ACIF C564:2004 DEPLOYMENT OF MOBILE PHONE NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE INDUSTRY CODE ACIF C564:2004 DEPLOYMENT OF MOBILE PHONE NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE ACIF C564:2004 Deployment of Mobile Phone Network Infrastructure Industry Code This Code was issued in draft form for public

More information

Safe Work Practices on Radio Frequency Transmitting Apparatus

Safe Work Practices on Radio Frequency Transmitting Apparatus Frequency Transmitting Apparatus Summary: This document supports the Power System Safety Rules and its requirements assembled under Radio Frequency Transmitting Apparatus Category 8. It covers safe work

More information

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT Purpose EXPLANATORY STATEMENT Issued by the Australian Communications and Media Authority Radiocommunications (Citizen Band Radio Stations) Class Licence Variation 2011 (No. 1) Radiocommunications Act

More information

Chapter 25 Electromagnetic Waves

Chapter 25 Electromagnetic Waves Chapter 25 Electromagnetic Waves Units of Chapter 25 The Production of Electromagnetic Waves The Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves The Electromagnetic Spectrum Energy and Momentum in Electromagnetic

More information

IEC TC106. Standards for the Assessment of Human Exposure to Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields, 0 to 300 GHz

IEC TC106. Standards for the Assessment of Human Exposure to Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields, 0 to 300 GHz International Electrotechnical Commission IEC TC106 Standards for the Assessment of Human Exposure to Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields, 0 to 300 GHz R. C. Petersen Chairman Secretariat and

More information

NZQA registered unit standard 25268 version 3 Page 1 of 5

NZQA registered unit standard 25268 version 3 Page 1 of 5 Page 1 of 5 Title Guard against the dangers of electromagnetic radiation while working on telecommunications network structures or sites Level 4 Credits 3 Purpose This unit standard covers the fundamental

More information

The Salzburg Model: A Precautionary Strategy for Siting of Base Stations

The Salzburg Model: A Precautionary Strategy for Siting of Base Stations The Salzburg Model: A Precautionary Strategy for Siting of Base Stations Dr. Gerd Oberfeld, Dr. Christoph König Federal State of Salzburg, Public Health Department, Environmental Health P.O. Box 527, A-5010

More information

UK Radio Licence Interface Requirement 2036 For Mobile Asset Tracking Services

UK Radio Licence Interface Requirement 2036 For Mobile Asset Tracking Services UK Radio Licence Interface Requirement 2036 For Mobile Asset Tracking Services (Version 1.0) 98/34/EC Notification Number: 2000/393/UK Published 15 December 2000 Page 1 File name: ir2036.doc Blank Page

More information

Millennium Product Inc. Model: Cell Shield / Zorb

Millennium Product Inc. Model: Cell Shield / Zorb Millennium Product Inc. Cell Shield / Zorb Prepared by PCTEST LAB Issued on: 10/22/2015 Report Version 2.6 NOTE: SAR results only apply to the device tested. Although the device may have had different

More information

REVIEW OF EXPOSURE LIMITS AND HEALTH CONCERNS SANTA ANA. Base Station Telecommunication Transmitters UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT

REVIEW OF EXPOSURE LIMITS AND HEALTH CONCERNS SANTA ANA. Base Station Telecommunication Transmitters UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT SANTA ANA UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT REVIEW OF EXPOSURE LIMITS AND HEALTH CONCERNS Base Station Telecommunication Transmitters Dr. Karl Rodenbaugh, Senior Scientist SCOPE OF SERVICES Review, Describe, Discuss,

More information

Review of the Potential Health Effects of Smart Water Meter Systems Used in the Thames Water Region

Review of the Potential Health Effects of Smart Water Meter Systems Used in the Thames Water Region Review of the Potential Health Effects of Smart Water Meter Systems Used in the Thames Water Region Report Reference: UC10547.05 WRc is an Independent Centre of Excellence for Innovation and Growth. We

More information

Microwave Exposure from Mobile Phones and Base Stations in Sweden

Microwave Exposure from Mobile Phones and Base Stations in Sweden Microwave Exposure from Mobile Phones and Base Stations in Sweden Prof. Dr. Yngve Hamnerius and Thomas Uddmar Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Electromagnetics, SE 41 96 Goteborg, Sweden,

More information

Indoor Path Loss. Contents. Application Note. XST-AN005a-Indoor June Link Margin...2. Indoor Communications...4. Situational Analysis...

Indoor Path Loss. Contents. Application Note. XST-AN005a-Indoor June Link Margin...2. Indoor Communications...4. Situational Analysis... Indoor Path Loss Contents Link Margin...2 Indoor Communications...4 Situational Analysis...5 Conclusion...6 Application Note XST-AN005a-Indoor June 2012 Website: Email: www.digi.com rf-experts@digi.com

More information

MEMORANDUM. Amy Kahler, Director of Customer Service and Marketing Mike McCurnin, P.E., Director of Water Production

MEMORANDUM. Amy Kahler, Director of Customer Service and Marketing Mike McCurnin, P.E., Director of Water Production DES MOINES WATER WORKS Board of Water Works Trustees 2201 George Flagg Parkway Des Moines, Iowa 50321-1190 (515) 283-8700 www.dmww.com MEMORANDUM DATE: February 4, 2015 TO: FROM: SUBJECT: William Stowe,

More information

Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields

Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields STANDARD LME-12:001904 Uen Rev A Contents 1 Introduction... 3 2 Requirements... 3 3 RF EMF Procedure... 4 4 Training... 5 5 Personal Protective Equipment...

More information

National Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields

National Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields November 2009 Contents 1 PRELIMINARY AND GENERAL... 5 1.1 CITATION... 5 1.2 ORIGIN AND STATUS OF THE NATIONAL GUIDELINES... 5 1.3 PURPOSE... 5 1.4 SCOPE AND APPLICATION... 6 1.5 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS...

More information

The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz)

The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz) 1 2 The range of RF spans 3 KHz (3000 Hz) to 300 GHz (300 million Hz) Frequencies of RF devices range from the low frequency AM broadcasts (80 MHz) to higher frequency mobile phones (1900 MHz) smart meters

More information

How does a microwave oven work?

How does a microwave oven work? last lecture Electromagnetic waves oscillating electric and magnetic fields c = c = 3x10 8 m/s or 186,282 miles/sec Radios using the tank circuit to emit and receive electromagnetic waves of a specific

More information

Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters

Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters Comments on the Draft Report by the California Council on Science and Technology Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters by Daniel Hirsch 1 31 January 2011 Abstract The draft report by the

More information

Wireless Public Address Systems (WPAS) Licensing. Information Briefing Westbury Hotel, Dublin 26 th July 2006

Wireless Public Address Systems (WPAS) Licensing. Information Briefing Westbury Hotel, Dublin 26 th July 2006 Wireless Public Address Systems (WPAS) Licensing Information Briefing Westbury Hotel, Dublin 26 th July 2006 27/07/2006 2 Agenda WPAS: Wireless Public Address System 1. Background to WPAS Licensing Scheme

More information

Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) Testing Report Twenty-Five Schools, Peel District School Board

Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) Testing Report Twenty-Five Schools, Peel District School Board Report Twenty-Five Schools, Peel District School Board G2S13600 Peel District School Board 5650 Hurontario Street Mississauga, Ontario L5R 1C6 26/05/2014 Executive Summary G2S Environmental Consulting

More information

A Survey of Radiation Levels Associated with Mobile and Wireless Communication Technology Masts in Public Areas in Kaduna Metropolis

A Survey of Radiation Levels Associated with Mobile and Wireless Communication Technology Masts in Public Areas in Kaduna Metropolis International Journal of Emerging Engineering Research and Technology Volume 3, Issue, November 25, PP 7-2 ISSN 2349-4395 (Print) & ISSN 2349-449 (Online) A Survey of Radiation Levels Associated with Mobile

More information

CELL PHONE TOWERS TOWN OF INNISFIL

CELL PHONE TOWERS TOWN OF INNISFIL CELL PHONE TOWERS TOWN OF INNISFIL Dr. Jim Pfaff, MD, BSc, MHSc, DAvMed, Associate Medical Officer of Health Marina Whelan, CPHI (C), BSc., Manager, Health Hazards Lori Holmes, CPHI (C), BASc, Coordinator,

More information

Press Kit. Update of the Radiofrequencies and health expert appraisal. Tuesday 15 October 2013

Press Kit. Update of the Radiofrequencies and health expert appraisal. Tuesday 15 October 2013 Press Kit Update of the Radiofrequencies and health expert appraisal Tuesday 15 October 2013 Press liaison: Elena Séité +33 (0)1 49 77 27 80 elena.seite@anses.fr www.anses.fr Contents: Press Release 2

More information

SHARING BETWEEN TERRESTRIAL FLIGHT TELEPHONE SYSTEM (TFTS) AND RADIO ASTRONOMY IN THE 1.6 GHz BAND. Paris, May 1992

SHARING BETWEEN TERRESTRIAL FLIGHT TELEPHONE SYSTEM (TFTS) AND RADIO ASTRONOMY IN THE 1.6 GHz BAND. Paris, May 1992 European Radiocommunications Committee (ERC) within the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) SHARING BETWEEN TERRESTRIAL FLIGHT TELEPHONE SYSTEM (TFTS) AND RADIO

More information

Australian Amateur Band Plans

Australian Amateur Band Plans Wireless Institute of Australia Australian Amateur Band Plans Updated April 2010 Introduction Spectrum Management International spectrum management is the responsibility of the International Telecommunications

More information

Questions and Answers about Biological Effects and Potential Hazards of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields

Questions and Answers about Biological Effects and Potential Hazards of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields Federal Communications Commission Office of Engineering & Technology Questions and Answers about Biological Effects and Potential Hazards of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields OET BULLETIN 56 Fourth

More information

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Electromagnetic Spectrum Electromagnetic Spectrum Why do some things have colors? What makes color? Why do fast food restaurants use red lights to keep food warm? Why don t they use green or blue light? Why do X-rays pass through

More information

Critical Product Information: VodeOX EMR Protection

Critical Product Information: VodeOX EMR Protection Critical Product Information: VodeOX EMR Protection New Improved EMR Protection for Cellphones, Tablets, ipads, Laptops, and any Electronic Screen/Monitor. Protect yourself from potentially harmful ElectroMagnetic

More information

Radiocommunications (Digital Radio Channels Queensland) Plan 2007

Radiocommunications (Digital Radio Channels Queensland) Plan 2007 Radiocommunications (Digital Radio Channels as amended made under subsection 44A (1) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992 This compilation was prepared on 29 June 2015 taking into account amendments up

More information