Impact of dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying on rice productivity and profitability in Punjab-Pakistan

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Impact of dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying on rice productivity and profitability in Punjab-Pakistan"

Transcription

1 Impact of dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying on rice productivity and profitability in Punjab-Pakistan Mann RA 1, Hussain S 1, Saleem M 2 1 Rice Program, National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islambad, Pakistan; 2 Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Jhang road, Faisalabad Keywords: conventional farmers practice, direct seeding, water saving, tillers, grain yield Introduction In Pakistan, rice is the second largest staple food crop after wheat. It is planted on an area of over 2.88 Mha with total production of 6.87 Mt. Rice in Punjab province is grown by manual transplanting of day old rice seedlings (raised somewhere else) into puddled soil and the fields remain flooded for most of the season. The present rice cultivation system is not very productive, resource-efficient or sustainable. Continuous puddling over the decades has led to deterioration in physical properties of the soil through structural break down of soil aggregates and capillary pores and clay dispersion. Low nitrogen-use efficiency in paddy rice ( 40 %), and low plant population are significant causes of low paddy yield of the traditional production method. The rice crop consumes over 30 % of the available water resources in the country. There is a deficit of Mm 3 water in agriculture which is likely to be doubled in the 2 nd decade of this century. Thus, complete reliance on labour- and water-intensive rice cultivation is not going to be economic in the present scenario. In order to grow more quality food from scarce resources (labour, water, inputs) on marginal/degraded lands, the current rice crop production system must be improved to make it more viable and eco-friendly. Dry seeding with alternate wetting and drying (AWD) water management reduce irrigation water input and labour requirement, and improve the soil for non-rice crops grown in rotation with rice. It entails dry seeding of rice in non-puddled soil, aiming at high yields. Even though transplanting is a popular method among the farming community for rice planting, the cost of labour is high, and it often results in delayed planting, and sub-optimal plant density. Therefore, substitution of transplanting with dry seeding could be advantageous (Johnkutty et al., 2002). Dry seeding with AWD can greatly reduce water losses and labour requirement (Mann et al., 2007). Hence, dry seeding with AWD was tested and demonstrated at several farmers fields during the 2009 and 2010 rice seasons to evaluate effects on crop yield and irrigation input in Punjab, Pakistan. Materials and Methods The demo plots were conducted at 25 locations of three main rice-growing areas viz. Sadhoke (district Gujranwala), Chunian (district Kasur) and Chiniot of Punjab province. The soil of this belt is heavy-textured, poorly drained and saline-sodic. Shortage of canal water is prevalent, and large numbers of tube wells have been installed to supplement the irrigation water for rice crop production. The sites for demo plots were selected along the main route and appropriate branch roads for maximum visibility to have maximum multiplier effect among the farming community. At each site, dry seeded rice with AWD was compared with conventional farmers' practice (puddled, transplanted and continuously flooded rice). A total 135 plots (one acre each) were established. For the dry seeded rice, 15 kg pre-soaked seeds (soaked for h in water), were broadcast onto the surface of the cultivated soil when soil

2 moisture was at field capacity, and then planking was done. At the same time, the rice nursery was sown for transplanting. A basmati rice variety was used at all sites. At some sites, light irrigation was applied 5-6 days after seeding to facilitate germination and plant establishment, depending upon soil moisture and ambient temperature. Otherwise, the first irrigation was applied days after sowing. Subsequent irrigations were applied at 3-5 days interval for one month to promote plant growth and tillering, then the irrigation interval was increased to 7-9 days. Weeds are a major threat to high productivity of dry direct seeded rice crops. A pre-emergence herbicides (e.g. Pendimethalin) was applied immediately after seeding. Then, at days after sowing, when maximum weeds appear the post-emergence herbicide 2.5 liter/ha (Ethoxy sulfuron) was applied. In some fields, one hand weeding (a normal requirement for dry seeded rice with AWD in farmers fields) was done. Recommended agronomic and crop protection practices were applied uniformly to all the plots. Irrigation water to each field was measured through Cut-Throat flumes installed in the main water course to each field. Data on productive tillers, plant height, panicle length, thousand-grain weight and grain yield were recorded and analyzed statistically using STATISTIX software and differences among the treatment means were compared by the least significant differences (LSD) test at the 5% probability level. Results and Discussion Irrigation water saving The dry seeded rice crops used an average of 1410 mm irrigation water against 1850 mm with conventional farmers practice (Table 1), a 25% irrigation water saving. The maximum water saving was recorded at Sadhoke site, on clay soil (with high water-holding capacity and low percolation rate), while the lowest saving was recorded at Chunnian site, on light textured soil.

3 Table 1. Average irrigation water use and saving of dry seeded rice (DSR) compared with farmer practice at 3 sites. Project sites Irrigation water input (mm) % water saving of DSR over farmers practice Farmers practice (puddled, Dry seeded rice transplanted and flooded) Sadhoke (n=52) 2160 a 1450 c 33 Chunian (n=43) 1730 b 1300 d 25 Chiniot (n=40) 1680 b 1470 c 12 Mean Productive tillers and grain yield At all the three sites, dry seeding resulted in more productive tillers, with site averages of /m 2 and an average increase of 48.6% over puddled transplanted rice (Table 2). These results are consistent with those of Wiangsamut et al. (2006) and Ullah et al. (2007), who found more productive tillers in dry seeded than transplanted rice. Average yield of dry seeded rice was 5.35 t ha -1, compared to 4.20 t ha -1 with conventional farmers practice, a 27.3% increase (Table 3). These results are also consistent with those of Ullah et al. (2007), Wiangsamut et al. (2006) and Gangwar et al. (2008) who recorded maximum rice yield from dry seeding. The partial budget analysis showed that dry seeding of rice generated Rs. 32,550/ha (US$ 383/ha) more than the conventional rice production practice. Thus dry seeding with AWD can help overcome the problems of low plant density leading to low yield, and scarcity of water and labour, in the current rice farming system, leading to enhanced land and water productivity and farmers income. Table 2: Average productive tillers of dry seeded rice (DSR) compared with farmer practice at 3 sites. Project sites Productive tillers/m 2 % increase of DSR over farmers Farmers practice (puddled, Dry seeded rice practice transplanted and flooded) Sadhoke (n=52) 287 b 452 a 57 Chunian (n=43) 235 c 397 a 69 Chiniot (n=40) 310 b 388 a 25 Mean Table 3: Average grain yield of dry seeded rice (DSR) compared with farmer practice at 3 Sites.

4 Project sites Rice yield (t/ha) % increase in DS over Farmers practice (puddled, Direct dry seeded rice farmers practice transplanted and flooded) crop (DS) Sadhoke (n=52) 4.0 b 6.0 a 48 Chunian (n=43) 3.5 b 4.6 b 31 Chiniot (n=40) 5.1 a 5.5 a 8 Mean Figure 1: Dry seeded rice crops at farmers fields in Sadhoke and Chiniot during 2009.

5 References Gangwar, K.S., O.K. Tomar and D.K. Pandey Productivity and economics of transplanted and direct-seeded rice (Oryza sativa) based cropping systems in Indo- Gangetic plains. Ind. J. Agri. Sci. 78(8): Johnkutty, I., G. Mathew and J. Mathew Comparison between transplanting and direct-seeding methods for crop establishment in rice. J. Tropic. Agri. 40: Mann, R.A., S. Ahmad, G. Hassan and M.S. Baloch Weed management in direct seeded rice crop. Pak. J. Weed Sci. Res. 13(3-4): Ullah, M.A., S.A.R. Zaidi, A. Razzaq and S.D.H. Bokh Effect of planting techniques (Direct seeding Vs. Transplanting) on paddy yield in salt-affected soil. Int. J. Agri. Biol. 09(1): Wiangsamutt, B., C.T. Mendoza and A.T. Lafarge Growth dynamics and yield of rice genotypes grown in transplanted and direct-seeded fields. J. Agri. Tech. 2(2):

AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY E. Subramanian 1, G. James Martin 2, E. Suburayalu 3 and R. Mohan 4 Abstract Field experiments were conducted at Central Farm, Coimbatore to develop

More information

Impact of Water Saving Irrigation Systems on Water Use, Growth and Yield of Irrigated Lowland Rice

Impact of Water Saving Irrigation Systems on Water Use, Growth and Yield of Irrigated Lowland Rice Agriculture, Environment and Food Security in the Context of Rice Impact of Water Saving Irrigation Systems on Water Use, Growth and Yield of Irrigated Lowland Rice W. M. W. Weerakoon, T. N. N. Priyadarshani,

More information

EFFECT OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR APPLICATION AT DIFFERENT GROWTH STAGES ON THE YIELD POTENTIAL OF COARSE RICE

EFFECT OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR APPLICATION AT DIFFERENT GROWTH STAGES ON THE YIELD POTENTIAL OF COARSE RICE Sarhad J. Agric. Vol.27, No.4, 2011 EFFECT OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR APPLICATION AT DIFFERENT GROWTH STAGES ON THE YIELD POTENTIAL OF COARSE RICE IMAM BAKHSH*, HIMAYATULLAH*, KHALID USMAN*, INAYATULLAH*,

More information

Sorghum Production under Spate Irrigation Systems. Dr. Frank van Steenbergen, Director MetaMeta December 14 th, 2016

Sorghum Production under Spate Irrigation Systems. Dr. Frank van Steenbergen, Director MetaMeta December 14 th, 2016 Sorghum Production under Spate Irrigation Systems Dr. Frank van Steenbergen, Director MetaMeta December 14 th, 2016 Sorghum is fifth most important cereal globally and feeds around 500 million people;

More information

Paddy (Oryza sativa) is a major food grain in India. The

Paddy (Oryza sativa) is a major food grain in India. The RESEARCH PAPER International Journal of Agricultural Engineering Volume 5 Issue 1 April, 2012 98 102 Performance evaluation of pneumatic seed metering device for paddy in puddle H.M. KHOBRAGADE, A.K. KAMBLE

More information

Alternate wetting and drying irrigation for rice cultivation

Alternate wetting and drying irrigation for rice cultivation J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 6(2): 409 414, 2008 ISSN 1810-3030 Alternate wetting and drying irrigation for rice cultivation M.M.H. Oliver 1, M.S.U. Talukder and M. Ahmed Department of Irrigation and Water

More information

Effect of temperature on seed setting behaviour in rabi sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L). Moench)

Effect of temperature on seed setting behaviour in rabi sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L). Moench) Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 1(4): 776782 (July 2010) Research Article Effect of temperature on seed setting behaviour in rabi sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L). Moench) anapati Mukri, B.D Biradar

More information

Effect of Establishment Methods and Weed Management Practices on Some Growth Attributes of Rice

Effect of Establishment Methods and Weed Management Practices on Some Growth Attributes of Rice Rice Science, 2006, 13(2): 131-140 131 http://www.ricesci.cn; www.ricescience.org Effect of Establishment Methods and Weed Management Practices on Some Growth Attributes of Rice Mohammad Safdar BALOCH

More information

FARMER IMPLEMENTATION OF ALTERNATE WET-DRY AND NON-FLOODED IRRIGATION PRACTICES IN THE SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI)

FARMER IMPLEMENTATION OF ALTERNATE WET-DRY AND NON-FLOODED IRRIGATION PRACTICES IN THE SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) FARMER IMPLEMENTATION OF ALTERNATE WET-DRY AND NON-FLOODED IRRIGATION PRACTICES IN THE SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) Oloro V. McHugh, 1 Joeli Barison, 2 Tammo S. Steenhuis, 1 Erick C. M. Fernandes,

More information

SCREENING OF SIX RICE VARIETIES AGAINST YELLOW STEM BORER, Scirpophaga incertulus WALKER. SAID MIR KHAN*, GHULAM MURTAZA* and HINA MIR**

SCREENING OF SIX RICE VARIETIES AGAINST YELLOW STEM BORER, Scirpophaga incertulus WALKER. SAID MIR KHAN*, GHULAM MURTAZA* and HINA MIR** Sarhad J. Agric. Vol. 26, No. 4, 2010 591 SCREENING OF SIX RICE VARIETIES AGAINST YELLOW STEM BORER, Scirpophaga incertulus WALKER. SAID MIR KHAN*, GHULAM MURTAZA* and HINA MIR** * Department of Entomology,

More information

Extensive Commercial Farming (arable)

Extensive Commercial Farming (arable) Extensive Commercial Farming (arable) Aims Exam Questions Describe the main characteristics of the landscape. Describe and explain the main features of the farming system. Describe the changes and the

More information

RESISTANCE OF DIFFERENT BASMATI RICE VARIETIES TO STEM BORERS UNDER DIFFERENT CONTROL TACTICS OF IPM AND EVALUATION OF YIELD

RESISTANCE OF DIFFERENT BASMATI RICE VARIETIES TO STEM BORERS UNDER DIFFERENT CONTROL TACTICS OF IPM AND EVALUATION OF YIELD Pak. J. Bot., 37(2): 319-324, 2005. RESISTANCE OF DIFFERENT BASMATI RICE VARIETIES TO STEM BORERS UNDER DIFFERENT CONTROL TACTICS OF IPM AND EVALUATION OF YIELD RASHID A. KHAN, JUNAID A. KHAN, F. F. JAMIL

More information

CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP.

CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP. CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP. Planted acreage reached a high in 1981 with 14.4 million acres planted for all purposes and has hovered near 12.5 million acres since the early

More information

RICE CULTIVATION: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND WATER SAVING APPROACHES

RICE CULTIVATION: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND WATER SAVING APPROACHES RICE CULTIVATION: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND WATER SAVING APPROACHES Ragab Ragab 1 Introduction Globally, rice is the most important food crop with more than 90% produced in Asia. In most of Asian countries,

More information

Resource(s) use efficiencies and optimization techniques

Resource(s) use efficiencies and optimization techniques Resource(s) use efficiencies and optimization techniques L E C T U R E 8 S S R A N A S R S C I E N T I S T Resources 2 land, water, nutrients, energy labour and capital Efficiency Efficiency in any system

More information

Organic Gardening Certificate Program Quiz Week 3 Answer Key

Organic Gardening Certificate Program Quiz Week 3 Answer Key Q uiz for week 3 readings: 1. The database on the Organic Weed management Website contains the following sections except: A. Picture B. Ecology C. Management D. Description 2. The weed quackgrass can reproduce

More information

Sustainability in Agricultural Marketing:

Sustainability in Agricultural Marketing: International Journal of scientific research and management (IJSRM) Special Issue On National Level Conference Business Growth and Social Development Pages 19-24 2014 Website: www.ijsrm.in ISSN (e): 2321-3418

More information

BULLOCK CART LOADED SPV WATER PUMPING SYSTEM FOR SMALL FARMERS

BULLOCK CART LOADED SPV WATER PUMPING SYSTEM FOR SMALL FARMERS BULLOCK CART LOADED SPV WATER PUMPING SYSTEM FOR SMALL FARMERS By Dr. A.G.Mohod and Dr. R.T.Thokal Dr. B.S.Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli Dist. Ratnagiri-415712 (MS) India A. Introduction Wheat is the

More information

Bounty Forage Sorghum

Bounty Forage Sorghum Bounty Forage Sorghum Sorghum bicolor x sudanese Bounty Forage Sorghum has been bought in as a replacement for the long standing Zulu 2. Bounty offers a new package with improved cold tolerance, early

More information

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas

Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas Current capabilities in the analysis of climate risks and adaptation strategies in critical areas M. Arif Goheer Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) Islamabad- 44000, Pakistan Symposium on Climate

More information

Rain on Planting Protection. Help Guide

Rain on Planting Protection. Help Guide Rain on Planting Protection Help Guide overview Rain on Planting Protection allows growers to protect themselves from losses if rain prevents planting from being completed on schedule. Coverage is highly

More information

GENETIC DIVERSITY ANALYSIS AND CHARACTER ASSOCIATION IN SOME CHINESE HYBRID RICE UNDER DRY CONDITIONS

GENETIC DIVERSITY ANALYSIS AND CHARACTER ASSOCIATION IN SOME CHINESE HYBRID RICE UNDER DRY CONDITIONS Pakistan J. Agric. Res. Vol. 25 No. 4, 2012 GENETIC DIVERSITY ANALYSIS AND CHARACTER ASSOCIATION IN SOME CHINESE HYBRID RICE UNDER DRY CONDITIONS Muhammad Yaqoob*, Rukhsana Anjum, Mumtaz Hussain and Muhammad

More information

Location-specific nutrient and crop management in rice farming: mobile phone and web-based decision tools are bringing results of research to farmers

Location-specific nutrient and crop management in rice farming: mobile phone and web-based decision tools are bringing results of research to farmers FAO-World Bank meeting Bangkok 15 May 2012 Location-specific nutrient and crop management in rice farming: mobile phone and web-based decision tools are bringing results of research to farmers Roland J.

More information

BCR for Seed and Fibre Production with Seed and Cutting Treatments at Different Sowing Methods at JAES and KRS, BJRI in O-9897 Variety

BCR for Seed and Fibre Production with Seed and Cutting Treatments at Different Sowing Methods at JAES and KRS, BJRI in O-9897 Variety Universal Journal of Plant Science (6): 11-17, 2015 DOI: 10.1189/ujps.2015.0060 http://www.hrpub.org BCR for Seed and Fibre Production with Seed and Cutting Treatments at Different Sowing Methods at and,

More information

Risk Management in Prairie Organic Agriculture

Risk Management in Prairie Organic Agriculture Risk Management in Prairie Organic Agriculture Putting risk management into practice. Ian Cushon - Moose Creek Organic Farm Inc. Oxbow, Saskatchewan Manitoba Agronomist Conference December 9, 10, 2008

More information

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green is a dust free, controlled release granule that controls Grass Grub in newly established pasture

More information

3.7 Implied Labor Hours

3.7 Implied Labor Hours 3.7 Implied Labor Hours USDA data for the period 1990 through 2011 is presented to describe the implied amount of labor that is used to produce an acre and unit of output (e.g., labor hours per bushel

More information

Food Security and India s Development Path

Food Security and India s Development Path Food Security and India s Development Path Matsikkerhet og bærekraftig utvikling hva vil vi med Rio+20? Udaya Sekhar Nagothu, Professor and International Coordinator, Bioforsk 12 June 2012, Oslo Diversity

More information

Summary. SUPARCO has estimated rice crop area at thousand ha, yield 2568 kg per ha and production at million tons.

Summary. SUPARCO has estimated rice crop area at thousand ha, yield 2568 kg per ha and production at million tons. PAK-SCMS BULLETIN MINISTRY of national food security and research PAKISTAN: SATELLITE BASED CROP MONITORING SYSTEM Volume IV, Issue 11, Serial No.47 1-November-2014 INSIDE THIS ISSUE Crop Situation: october

More information

EFFECT OF CONTAINERS ON SEED QUALITY OF STORAGE SOYBEAN SEED

EFFECT OF CONTAINERS ON SEED QUALITY OF STORAGE SOYBEAN SEED BANGLADESH RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS JOURNAL ISSN: 1998-2003, Volume: 7, Issue: 4, Page: 421-427, November - December, 2012 EFFECT OF CONTAINERS ON SEED QUALITY OF STORAGE SOYBEAN SEED U.S. Monira, 1 * M.

More information

Incorporating rice straw into soil may become disposal option for growers

Incorporating rice straw into soil may become disposal option for growers With a ban on burning... Sacramento Valley rice harvest residue can be seen in foreground. Incorporating rice straw into soil may become disposal option for growers Steven C. Blank 0 Karen Jetter P Carl

More information

CORN (MAIZE) & BIOFUEL CORN

CORN (MAIZE) & BIOFUEL CORN CORN CORN (MAIZE) & BIOFUEL CORN NaanDanJain has many years experience with corn irrigation. Modern irrigation can increase the productivity of the crop for higher yields, using less water and fertilizers.

More information

FIELD COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) GENOTYPES FOR THEIR RESISTANCE AGAINST RICE STEM BORERS (PYRALIDAE: LEPIDOPTERA)

FIELD COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) GENOTYPES FOR THEIR RESISTANCE AGAINST RICE STEM BORERS (PYRALIDAE: LEPIDOPTERA) ISSN 1023-1072 Pak. J. Agri., Agril. Engg., Vet. Sci., 2013, 29 (2): 137-145 FIELD COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) GENOTYPES FOR THEIR RESISTANCE AGAINST RICE STEM BORERS (PYRALIDAE: LEPIDOPTERA)

More information

AGRICULTURE IN INDIA. A brief introduction

AGRICULTURE IN INDIA. A brief introduction AGRICULTURE IN INDIA A brief introduction Some of the major types of farming are discussed below: 1. Subsistence and commercial farming: Majority of farmers in India practices subsistence farming. 2. Intensive

More information

Installment 8 of Creating a Sustainable Food Future. Summary. Working Paper

Installment 8 of Creating a Sustainable Food Future. Summary. Working Paper Working Paper Installment 8 of Creating a Sustainable Food Future Wetting and Drying: Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Saving Water from Rice Production Tapan K. Adhya, Bruce Linquist, Tim Searchinger,

More information

Country Report - Sri Lanka

Country Report - Sri Lanka Country Report - Sri Lanka Eng. M.H.M.A. Bandara Chief Engineer Department of Agriculture Sri Lanka 1. Introduction Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is an island lying close to the South East

More information

International safflower production an overview

International safflower production an overview International safflower production an overview John Gilbert Adams Vegetable Oils PO Box 799, Arbuckle, California, 95915, USA Abstract Safflower is most certainly a crop with unexploited potential and

More information

Annual forage sorghum

Annual forage sorghum Annual forage sorghum Scientific name(s) Sorghum spp. annual forage hybrids Sorghum vulgare sweet sorghum Sorghum spp. hybrid sweet sudan grass hybrids Strengths Easy to establish Highly productive Good

More information

S ATE O F O F FO F R O EST S RY

S ATE O F O F FO F R O EST S RY CULTIVATION OF JATROPHA CURCAS IN PAKISTAN INTRODUCTION OF PAKISTAN Geographical location : 24 o 37 o N latitude 61 o 75 o E longitudes Population : About 170 Million Area : 87.98 million ha Climate Precipitation

More information

A Systems Approach To Cover Crops In A Rotation

A Systems Approach To Cover Crops In A Rotation A Systems Approach To Cover Crops In A Rotation Norfolk SCIA - Tier One Grant Project Final Report Cover Crops and their benefits, both economic and environmental, are not a new concept to members and

More information

Chapter D9. Irrigation scheduling

Chapter D9. Irrigation scheduling Chapter D9. Irrigation scheduling PURPOSE OF THIS CHAPTER To explain how to plan and schedule your irrigation program CHAPTER CONTENTS factors affecting irrigation intervals influence of soil water using

More information

Comparative Analysis of T. Aman Rice Cultivation under Different Management Practice in Coastal Area

Comparative Analysis of T. Aman Rice Cultivation under Different Management Practice in Coastal Area J Agric Rural Dev 5(1&2), 64-69, June 2007 ISSN 1810-1860 JARD Journal of Agriculture & Rural Development Comparative Analysis of T. Aman Rice Cultivation under Different Management Practice in Coastal

More information

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Makerere University and Humidtropics collaboration Soybean Seed production Training of Kiboga-Kyankwanzi platform members in Soybean Seed Production

More information

Summary. March (59 days). Similar situation was observed for Sindh with growth between 11th

Summary. March (59 days). Similar situation was observed for Sindh with growth between 11th PAK-SCMS BULLETIN MINISTRY of national food security and research PAKISTAN: SATELLITE BASED CROP MONITORING SYSTEM Volume V, Issue 4, Serial No.52 INSIDE THIS ISSUE Crop Situation: March 2015 (NDVI): Crop

More information

Cambodia Country Report On Agriculture, Water and Food Security

Cambodia Country Report On Agriculture, Water and Food Security SPECIAL SEMINAR ON FOOD SECURITY, FOCUSING ON WATER MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE 5 7 September 2013, Niigata, Japan Cambodia Country Report On Agriculture, Water and Food Security Ministry of

More information

Evaluation of Wheat Advance Lines under Rainfed Conditions

Evaluation of Wheat Advance Lines under Rainfed Conditions Available online at http://www.ijsrpub.com/ijsras ISSN: 2345-6795; 2014 IJSRPUB http://dx.doi.org/10.12983/ijsras-2014-p0097-0101 Full Length Research Paper Syed Farman Ullah 1, Ghulam Hassan 1, Nazir

More information

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University!

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Outline! Understanding weeds! Behavior of wandering perennials! Tillage and emergence cues! Life and death of weed seeds in the soil!

More information

RESPONSE OF RICE TO ZINC-APPLICATION AND DIFFERENT N-SOURCES IN CALCAREOUS SOIL

RESPONSE OF RICE TO ZINC-APPLICATION AND DIFFERENT N-SOURCES IN CALCAREOUS SOIL RESPONSE OF RICE TO ZINC-APPLICATION AND DIFFERENT N-SOURCES IN CALCAREOUS SOIL A. Rahman*, M. Yasin**, M. Akram** and Z.I.Awan** ABSTRACT Widespread Zn deficiency in soil causes serious yieldreduction

More information

3.3 Real Returns Above Variable Costs

3.3 Real Returns Above Variable Costs 3.3 Real Returns Above Variable Costs Several factors can impact the returns above variable costs for crop producers. Over a long period of time, sustained increases in the growth rate for purchased inputs

More information

Applied Development of Delaus, a Rice Blast Control Fungicide: Delaus Prince Granule and Its Treatment into Seedling Boxes at the Sowing Stage

Applied Development of Delaus, a Rice Blast Control Fungicide: Delaus Prince Granule and Its Treatment into Seedling Boxes at the Sowing Stage Applied Development of Delaus, a Rice Blast Control Fungicide: Delaus Prince Granule and Its Treatment into Seedling Boxes at the Sowing Stage Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd. Agricultural Chemicals Research

More information

our Commitment to Sustainable Agriculture Practices

our Commitment to Sustainable Agriculture Practices our Commitment to Sustainable Agriculture Practices Good for Business. Good for Society. As one of the world s largest food and beverage companies, we have some distinct challenges. We are committed to

More information

EXAMPLE OF THE USE OF CROPWAT 8.0

EXAMPLE OF THE USE OF CROPWAT 8.0 EXAMPLE OF THE USE OF CROPWAT 8.0 1 1. INTRODUCTION This document shows in a practical way the use of CROPWAT 8.0 for design and management of irrigation schemes, taking the user, with the help of an actual

More information

PEO Study No.84 HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES PROGRAMME IN INDIA PART - I The Study

PEO Study No.84 HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES PROGRAMME IN INDIA PART - I The Study PEO Study No.84 HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES PROGRAMME IN INDIA PART - I - 1971 1. The Study The High Yielding Varieties Programme (HYVP) was the latest of a series of Govt. sponsored programmes directed at

More information

Sustainability and Trends in Profitability of Indian Agriculture

Sustainability and Trends in Profitability of Indian Agriculture Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 19 (Conference No.) 2006 pp 89-100 Sustainability and Trends in Profitability of Indian Agriculture M.S. Bhatia* Abstract The pattern of development and trends

More information

efficient Lucerne irrigation

efficient Lucerne irrigation The leading solution to stress-free and efficient Lucerne irrigation Sub-Surface Drip Irrigation As more and more growers are faced with diminishing water supplies, the economic viability of growing Lucerne

More information

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda Maize Production in Uganda Farmers have improved maize yields from 1,000Kg/ha to 3,000-5,000 Kg/ha using the recommended technologies Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries

More information

A novel innovation leading to super productivity of sugarcane through mechanised ring-pit farming in Pakistan

A novel innovation leading to super productivity of sugarcane through mechanised ring-pit farming in Pakistan A novel innovation leading to super productivity of sugarcane through mechanised ring-pit farming in Pakistan BY: Aleem Ahmed Khan 1 and Shahid Afghan 2 1 Zoology Division, Institute of Pure and Applied

More information

Adapting subsurface drip irrigation system to deficit irrigation

Adapting subsurface drip irrigation system to deficit irrigation Hydrology Days 2016 Adapting subsurface drip irrigation system to deficit irrigation Manijeh Mahmoudzadeh Varzi 1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado State University Ramchand Oad

More information

PAU Tensiometer Innovative Technology Insurance Scheme (PAUTITIS) Summary Report

PAU Tensiometer Innovative Technology Insurance Scheme (PAUTITIS) Summary Report PAU Tensiometer Innovative Technology Insurance Scheme (PAUTITIS) Summary Report 1 Centers for International Projects Trust (CIPT) (c) CIPT, March, 2015 Editing Kamal Vatta, CIPT Report writing Dharvinder

More information

DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES. Irrigated Winter Forages in Northern Victoria. Managing Short-lived Ryegrass

DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES. Irrigated Winter Forages in Northern Victoria. Managing Short-lived Ryegrass DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES Irrigated Winter Forages in Northern Victoria Managing Short-lived Ryegrass DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES Irrigated Winter Forages: Managing Short-lived Ryegrass Short-lived

More information

Unit D: Agricultural Equipment Systems. Lesson 4: Operating, Calibrating, and Maintaining Irrigation Systems

Unit D: Agricultural Equipment Systems. Lesson 4: Operating, Calibrating, and Maintaining Irrigation Systems Unit D: Agricultural Equipment Systems Lesson 4: Operating, Calibrating, and Maintaining Irrigation Systems Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the

More information

How to produce healthy seed material and improve planting for increasing the productivity of sugarcane in Punjab state

How to produce healthy seed material and improve planting for increasing the productivity of sugarcane in Punjab state How to produce healthy seed material and improve planting for increasing the productivity of sugarcane in Punjab state Dr. Amrik Singh, Agriculture Development Officer-cum-Deputy Project Director, ATMA,

More information

Science. Agriculture. By S.L. Tan

Science. Agriculture. By S.L. Tan Sekinchan rice bowl of Selangor The best way to learn about rice, the staple food of most Asians, is to visit the paddy gallery located in the rice-growing district of Sekinchan. By S.L. Tan Paddy field

More information

SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND GRAIN YIELD OF SPRING MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L.) AS INFLUENCE BY TILLAGE PRACTICES AND MULCH TREATMENTS

SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND GRAIN YIELD OF SPRING MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L.) AS INFLUENCE BY TILLAGE PRACTICES AND MULCH TREATMENTS Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova Vol. XLVI, No. 1 (153) / 2013 SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND GRAIN YIELD OF SPRING MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L.) AS INFLUENCE BY TILLAGE PRACTICES AND MULCH TREATMENTS H.M.R. JAVEED

More information

My client has purchased a disc seeder...

My client has purchased a disc seeder... My client has purchased a disc seeder... Greg Condon and Barry Haskins GRDC Adviser Update, Narrandera 2012 My client has purchased a disc seeder what does this mean for my advice? Barry Haskins Hillston

More information

200 Bushel Club. Best Management Practices to Obtain 200 Bushels Per Acre

200 Bushel Club. Best Management Practices to Obtain 200 Bushels Per Acre 200 Bushel Club Best Management Practices to Obtain 200 Bushels Per Acre What is the 200 Bushel Club? The 200 Bushel Club is an organization composed of 8 different companies dedicated to increasing wheat

More information

Agriculture Insurance Company of India Limited (AIC)

Agriculture Insurance Company of India Limited (AIC) Q1: What is Insurance? WEATHER BASED CROP INSURANCE SCHEME FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQS) Insurance is a tool to protect you against a small probability of a large unexpected loss. It is a technique

More information

DIGITAL GURUKUL STUDY NOTES CHAPTER 4 - AGRICULTURE

DIGITAL GURUKUL STUDY NOTES CHAPTER 4 - AGRICULTURE DIGITAL GURUKUL STUDY NOTES CHAPTER 4 - AGRICULTURE Q.1 Explain the three types of economic activities? 1) Primary activities:-it include all the activities connected with extraction and production of

More information

FOOD SECURITY THROUGH WHEAT PRODUCTIVITY IN PAKISTAN

FOOD SECURITY THROUGH WHEAT PRODUCTIVITY IN PAKISTAN Sarhad J. Agric. Vol. 23, No. 4, 2007 FOOD SECURITY THROUGH WHEAT PRODUCTIVITY IN PAKISTAN Mazher Abbas *, A.D. Sheikh *, Maqbool Shahbaz ** and Amna Afzaal *** ABSTRACT The food security is the prime

More information

FARMING FOR THE FUTURE How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System

FARMING FOR THE FUTURE How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System european fertilizer manufacturers association Global trends in population growth (Population 1000 million),

More information

THE GUYANA RICE INDUSTRY

THE GUYANA RICE INDUSTRY THE GUYANA RICE INDUSTRY The Rice Industry of Guyana has been in existence for over a century, starting with the production of a wetland variety called Carolina Gold Rice. Furthermore, rice has been an

More information

System of Rice Intensification: Learning from Oxfam s work Scaling up in Northern Vietnam

System of Rice Intensification: Learning from Oxfam s work Scaling up in Northern Vietnam System of Rice Intensification: Learning from Oxfam s work Scaling up in Northern Vietnam Le Nguyet Minh Technology Executive Committee, UNFCCC Bangkok, 5/9/2012 Presentation Outline Climate change and

More information

SOIL HEALTH COVER CROPS RELAY CROPPING

SOIL HEALTH COVER CROPS RELAY CROPPING SOIL HEALTH COVER CROPS RELAY CROPPING Sustainable Agriculture in North Dakota Tim Semler Extension Agent Farm Business Management 1 As a crop producer only Why grow a cover crop (CC)? CC pros: Prevented

More information

EFFECTS OF VARYING IRRIGATION AND MEPIQUAT CHLORIDE APPLICATION ON COTTON HEIGHT, UNIFORMITY, YIELD, AND QUALITY. Abstract

EFFECTS OF VARYING IRRIGATION AND MEPIQUAT CHLORIDE APPLICATION ON COTTON HEIGHT, UNIFORMITY, YIELD, AND QUALITY. Abstract EFFECTS OF VARYING IRRIGATION AND MEPIQUAT CHLORIDE APPLICATION ON COTTON HEIGHT, UNIFORMITY, YIELD, AND QUALITY Glen Ritchie 1, Lola Sexton 1, Trey Davis 1, Don Shurley 2, and Amanda Ziehl 2 1 University

More information

Speaker Summary Note

Speaker Summary Note 2020 CONFERENCE MAY 2014 Session: Speaker: Speaker Summary Note Building Resilience by Innovating and Investing in Agricultural Systems Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division

More information

various P levels for the past two years. Treatments were a one time application

various P levels for the past two years. Treatments were a one time application SOIL FERTILITY AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CROP PRODUCTION COST IN NO-TILLAGE SYSTEMS J.T. Touchton The rapidly increasing cost of crop production is forcing an interest in practices that reduce or eliminate

More information

Development of Water Saving Irrigation Technique On Large Paddy Rice Area in Guangxi Region of China

Development of Water Saving Irrigation Technique On Large Paddy Rice Area in Guangxi Region of China Development of Water Saving Technique On Large Paddy Rice Area in Guangxi Region of China Xijin Wu 1 Abstract Through 21 years of research and experiment, a kind of non-project water saving irrigation

More information

ADVANCED SUGARCANE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

ADVANCED SUGARCANE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY ADVANCED SUGARCANE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY By RanaZulfiqar Ali Director Sugarcane Research Institute, Faisalabad Comparison with World (2011-12) Item Sugarcane production 05 Area under sugarcane 05 Production

More information

A G R I. Or Disagree with Development

A G R I. Or Disagree with Development A G R I Or Disagree with Development A Global Survey Would you please give your honest opinion about solution to food shortage in the rest of the world 2 The Survey was a huge failure because... In South

More information

MICRO IRRIGATION A technology to save water

MICRO IRRIGATION A technology to save water MICRO IRRIGATION A technology to save water 1. Introduction Efficient utilization of available water resources is crucial for a country like, India, which shares 17% of the global population with only

More information

The Outlook for Food Security in

The Outlook for Food Security in The Outlook for Food Security in the Middle East and North Africa Rosenberg International Forum on Water Policy Mahmoud Solh Director General International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas

More information

100% Organic Egypt Study Executive Summary

100% Organic Egypt Study Executive Summary Soil & More International B.V 100% Organic Egypt Study Executive Summary March 2012 www.soilandmore.com Executive Summary This is an executive summary of the 100% organic study carried out by Soil & More

More information

Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences. Pak. j. life soc. sci. (2009), 7(1):59-65

Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences. Pak. j. life soc. sci. (2009), 7(1):59-65 Pak. j. life soc. sci. (2009), 7(1):59-65 Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences Cost and Revenue Analysis of Strawberry Production in the Sub-Tropical Areas of NWFP, Pakistan Ghulam Sadiq Afridi,

More information

Name: PLSOIL 105 & 106 First Hour Exam February 27, 2012. Part A. Place answers on bubble sheet. 2 pts. each.

Name: PLSOIL 105 & 106 First Hour Exam February 27, 2012. Part A. Place answers on bubble sheet. 2 pts. each. Name: PLSOIL 105 & 106 First Hour Exam February 27, 2012 Part A. Place answers on bubble sheet. 2 pts. each. 1. A soil with 15% clay and 20% sand would belong to what textural class? A. Clay C. Loamy sand

More information

Federal Crop Insurance: The Basics

Federal Crop Insurance: The Basics Federal Crop Insurance: The Basics Presented by Shawn Wade Director of Communications Plains Cotton Growers, Inc. 4517 West Loop 289 Lubbock, TX 79414 WWW.PLAINSCOTTON.ORG Why Federal Crop Insurance? Every

More information

Root system plasticity to drought mitigates grain yield depression in wheat

Root system plasticity to drought mitigates grain yield depression in wheat Root system plasticity to drought mitigates grain yield depression in wheat J. Giles Waines, Bahman Ehdaie & Andrew P. Layne Department of Botany & Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside,

More information

LEARNING OBJECTIVES. FEB 101 Module 5: Irrigation Engineering LEARNING OBJECTIVES. Brain teaser 11/14/2012. Define the following terms

LEARNING OBJECTIVES. FEB 101 Module 5: Irrigation Engineering LEARNING OBJECTIVES. Brain teaser 11/14/2012. Define the following terms FEB 101 Module 5: Irrigation Engineering Dr. Francis N. Gichuki LEARNING OBJECTIVES Define the following terms Irrigation Soil water holding capacity Crop water requirement Irrigation requirements Irrigation

More information

Corporate stewardship Partnering to Improve Agricultural practices. Mumbai Randhir Chauhan

Corporate stewardship Partnering to Improve Agricultural practices. Mumbai Randhir Chauhan Corporate stewardship Partnering to Improve Agricultural practices Mumbai Randhir Chauhan Flow of Presentation Agriculture in India Overview Present Challenges Why Sustainability? The Way Out Ensuring

More information

Federal Crop Insurance RISK MANAGEMENT. Chris Eddy Dell s Insurance Agency

Federal Crop Insurance RISK MANAGEMENT. Chris Eddy Dell s Insurance Agency Federal Crop Insurance RISK MANAGEMENT Chris Eddy Dell s Insurance Agency Multiperil Coverage Crop: Barley Practice: Irrigated Level: 75% Actual Price: $2.05 per bu. Average Yield: 130 bu/acre Guarantee

More information

Challenges and future outlook of Rice Production in Myanmar

Challenges and future outlook of Rice Production in Myanmar Challenges and future outlook of Rice Production in Myanmar Name Designation : Zaw Ye Tun : Corporate Executive Organization : Myanmar Rice Federation (MRF) Myanmar Agribusiness Public Corporation Ltd

More information

PART I: WHAT IS RICE HISTORY & PRODUCTION

PART I: WHAT IS RICE HISTORY & PRODUCTION OBJECTI VES After completing this section students will be able to: Outline the history of rice s diffusion throughout the world Understand the evolution of the U.S. rice industry and the states that currently

More information

IRRIGATION METHODS USED IN NEW JERSEY MARYBETH SORRENTINO USDA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE

IRRIGATION METHODS USED IN NEW JERSEY MARYBETH SORRENTINO USDA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE IRRIGATION METHODS USED IN NEW JERSEY MARYBETH SORRENTINO USDA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE GENERAL There are four general methods of irrigation sprinkler, surface, trickle, and subsurface irrigation.

More information

Crop residue management (CRM), a cultural practice that

Crop residue management (CRM), a cultural practice that Chapter V Crop Residue Management Practices Crop residue management (CRM), a cultural practice that involves fewer and/or less intensive tillage operations and preserves more residue from the previous

More information

Agriculture. Agriculture

Agriculture. Agriculture Economic Activities Agriculture The transformation of a plant into a finished product involves three types of economic activities. Primary Activities: - The activities connected with the extraction/production

More information

Technology Fact Sheet for Adaptation. H. Efficient water use irrigation systems (EWUIS) i

Technology Fact Sheet for Adaptation. H. Efficient water use irrigation systems (EWUIS) i Technology Fact Sheet for Adaptation H. Efficient water use irrigation systems (EWUIS) i Sector : Water/Agriculture Subsector : Water use Technology characteristics Introduction Technology characteristics/highlights

More information

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM Improving Control Systems in Thailand for Plant and Plants Products Intended for Export to the European Union co-funded by the European Union and Thai Department of Agriculture Preharvest Use of Pesticides

More information

USE OF CONTROLLED-RELEASE FERTILIZERS (CRF) FOR SUSTAINABLE CROP PRODUCTION IN ASIA

USE OF CONTROLLED-RELEASE FERTILIZERS (CRF) FOR SUSTAINABLE CROP PRODUCTION IN ASIA Session 2 USE OF CONTROLLED-RELEASE FERTILIZERS (CRF) FOR SUSTAINABLE CROP PRODUCTION IN ASIA Hitoshi Kanno Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University 1-1, Tsutsumidori Amamiya-machi, Aoba-ku,

More information

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Pest Control: Herbaceous Weeds - A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Pest Control: Herbaceous Weeds - A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse PEST CONTROL: HERBACEOUS WEEDS A. DiTommaso, C.L. Mohler and R.E. Nurse Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Cornell University, USA Keywords: Mechanical control, biological control, Integrated Weed Management

More information

EFFECT OF INTEGRATED USE OF ORGANIC MANURES WITH CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS IN THE RICE-RICE CROPPING SYSTEM AND ITS IMPACT ON SOIL HEALTH.

EFFECT OF INTEGRATED USE OF ORGANIC MANURES WITH CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS IN THE RICE-RICE CROPPING SYSTEM AND ITS IMPACT ON SOIL HEALTH. ISSN 0258-7122 Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 34(1) : 81-90, March 2009 EFFECT OF INTEGRATED USE OF ORGANIC MANURES WITH CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS IN THE RICE-RICE CROPPING SYSTEM AND ITS IMPACT ON SOIL HEALTH M.E.

More information

Food Security in the Context of Climate Change In Pakistan

Food Security in the Context of Climate Change In Pakistan Pak J Commer Soc Sci Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences 2014, Vol. 8 (2), 540-550 Food Security in the Context of Climate Change In Pakistan Anum Tariq Institute of Agricultural and Resource

More information