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1 North arolina Testing Program 1. How did the Stamp ct, the Tea ct, and the Intolerable cts encourage merican colonists to consider revolution against ritish rule? EO ivics and Economics Sample Items 3. What is federalism? a form of government with elected representatives by ignoring merican representatives in Parliament on issues of taxes levied in the merican colonies by raising taxes in the merican colonies without granting the colonies any representation in Parliament a division of power between the national and state governments a belief in the idea of national sovereignty a form of government in which elected officials make all economic decisions by representing an effort in ritain to end the slave trade in the colonies by revealing the ritish plan to expand the merican colonies farther west on the continent 4. Who can prevent the president of the United States from controlling the Supreme ourt by blocking appointments to the bench? state legislatures 2. Which reason best explains why many nti-federalists finally agreed to the ratification of the U.S. onstitution? the addition of the ill of Rights the Joint hiefs of Staff governors the Senate arguments by George Washington a desire to create a better relationship with the Federalists a fear that civil war would break out if the dispute were not settled 5. Which term describes the approval or rejection of a proposed constitutional amendment in some states by the popular vote? recall initiative referendum censure Page 1 Published ecember May reproduce for instructional and

2 North arolina Testing Program 6. Which court case helped to establish the supremacy of the North arolina onstitution? Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) State v. Mann (1830) Swann v. oard of Education of harlotte-mecklenburg (1971) Hazelwood School istrict v. Kuhlmeier (1988) 7. Which propaganda technique is represented by the quote, My opponent is soft on crime!? name calling bandwagon glittering generality stacked cards EO ivics and Economics Sample Items 9. Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. excerpt from U.S. onstitution rticle I, Section 2, lause 3 Which statement most accurately explains the significance of the excerpt? For the first time, direct taxes were levied on citizens by the government. The U.S. government cannot force merican Indians to pay taxes. The framers of the onstitution determined who could be free. 8. Which is a civic duty required by U.S. law for 18-year-old male citizens? registering with Selective Service fter many debates, a compromise was reached on the issues of taxation and slavery. volunteering for a political campaign serving as a legislative page voting in all elections Page 2 Published ecember May reproduce for instructional and

3 North arolina Testing Program 10. The Structure of the Federal ourts United States Supreme ourt EO ivics and Economics Sample Items 12. Who has the primary responsibility to inform citizens of national government regulations? executive departments and agencies? senators and representatives special interest groups the federal courts United States istrict ourt 13. Which type of cost occurs when an individual pays for a piano lesson instead of going to a movie? Which court correctly completes the diagram above? United States ourt of Records United States ivil ourt United States Superior ourt opportunity cost marginal cost fixed cost residual cost United States ourt of ppeals 11. Which type of law is being enforced when the Environmental Protection gency (EP) closes a business due to environmental contamination? criminal administrative 14. Under which economic system would factors of production most likely be owned by the government? market economy command economy traditional economy mixed economy civil constitutional Page 3 Published ecember May reproduce for instructional and

4 North arolina Testing Program 15. In a command economy, how are the prices of goods and services determined? market forces of supply and demand the central government independent agencies and independent regulators business owners EO ivics and Economics Sample Items 18. What consumer behavior is the Federal Reserve oard trying to encourage when it implements a loose monetary policy? increased saving and reduced spending decreased saving and increased spending increased saving and spending decreased saving and spending 16. Which term is used to describe a situation where most people who are looking for work are able to find a job? 19. Which action is a civic responsibility of U.S. citizens? full employment voting during local elections structural unemployment paying taxes underemployment attending school seasonal employment maintaining security 17. new technology increases the speed of computers without increasing production costs. What is the likely effect of this technology? The price of new computers will decline. The price of new computers will increase. The demand for new computers will decline. The demand for new computers will increase. Page 4 Published ecember May reproduce for instructional and

5 North arolina Testing Program EO ivics and Economics Sample Items 20. How is a civic action such as voting different from serving on a jury? Voting is more important to democracy than jury duty. ll citizens can vote, but only some are qualified for jury duty. Jury service is considered a civic duty while voting is a responsibility. U.S. democracy cannot function without voters, but can exist without juries. End of Set In compliance with federal law, including the provisions of Title IX of the Education mendments of 1972, the epartment of Public Instruction does not discriminate on the basis of race, sex, religion, color, national or ethnic origin, age, disability, or military service in its policies, programs, activities, admissions or employment. Page 5 Published ecember May reproduce for instructional and

6 nswers to EO ivics and Economics 1. Objective 1.03 Examine the causes of the merican Revolution. Thinking Skill: nalyzing orrect nswer: 2. Objective 1.06 ompare viewpoints about government in the Federalist and the nti- Federalist Papers. Thinking Skill: Generating orrect nswer: 3. Objective 2.01 Identify principles in the United States onstitution. Thinking Skill: Knowledge orrect nswer: 4. Objective 2.02 Explain how the United States onstitution defines the framework, organization and structure of the three branches of government at the national level. Thinking Skill: nalyzing orrect nswer: 5. Objective 3.04 escribe how the state constitution and local charters may be changed, and analyze the impact of specific changes. Thinking Skill: Knowledge orrect nswer: 6. Objective 3.05 nalyze court cases that illustrate that the North arolina onstitution is the law of the state. Thinking Skill: nalyzing orrect nswer: 7. Objective 4.02 escribe the election process and the qualifications and procedures for voting. Thinking Skill: pplying orrect nswer: 8. Objective 4.06 escribe the benefits of civic participation. Thinking Skill: Organizing orrect nswer: 9. Objective 5.01 Evaluate the role of debate, consensus, compromise, and negotiation in resolving conflicts. Thinking Skill: Evaluating orrect nswer: North arolina Testing Program Published ecember May reproduce for instructional and educational purposes only; not for personal or financial gain.

7 nswers to EO ivics and Economics 10. Objective 5.02 Identify the jurisdiction of state and federal courts. Thinking Skill: Knowledge orrect nswer: 11. Objective 6.02 ite examples of common, criminal, civil, constitutional, administrative, and statutory law. Thinking Skill: pplying orrect nswer: 12. Objective 6.05 Investigate the role and responsibility of government to inform the citizenry. Thinking Skill: Knowledge orrect nswer: 13. Objective 7.03 ompare examples of trade-offs and opportunity costs of economic choices. Thinking Skill: pplying orrect nswer: 14. Objective 7.06 ompare and contrast how different economic systems address key economic factors. Thinking Skill: Organizing orrect nswer: 15. Objective 8.01 ompare characteristics of command, market, traditional, and mixed economies. Thinking Skill: pplying orrect nswer: 16. Objective 8.02 escribe how the free enterprise system encourages private ownership of property and promote individual initiative. Thinking Skill: Knowledge orrect nswer: 17. Objective 9.04 ssess how current events impact decisions made by consumers, producers, and government policy makers. Thinking Skill: Generating orrect nswer: 18. Objective 9.07 nalyze the short- and long-term effects of fiscal and monetary policy on the United States economy. Thinking Skill: Generating orrect nswer: North arolina Testing Program Published ecember May reproduce for instructional and educational purposes only; not for personal or financial gain.

8 nswers to EO ivics and Economics 19. Objective Explain the distinction between personal and civic responsibilities and the tensions that may arise between them. Thinking Skill: pplying orrect nswer: 20. Objective emonstrate characteristics of effective citizenship. Thinking Skill: Integrating orrect nswer: North arolina Testing Program Published ecember May reproduce for instructional and educational purposes only; not for personal or financial gain.

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