Last time. Data Center as a Computer. Today. Data Center Construction (and management)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Last time. Data Center as a Computer. Today. Data Center Construction (and management)"

Transcription

1 Last time Data Center Construction (and management) Johan Tordsson Department of Computing Science 1. Common (Web) application architectures N-tier applications Load Balancers Application Servers Databases 2. Cloud application guidelines Scalability Fault-tolerance Some best practices A few Amazon examples Today Data centers how to build (and operate) Servers Network Storage Power Cooling Energy-efficiency and a building to keep everything in Conceptual overview only Details about these only relevant for those who actually build/operate data centers Data Center as a Computer Majority of cloud computing infrastructure consists of reliable services delivered through data centers Traditional co-location data centers Multiple servers and communications gear collocated due to common environmental & security needs Hosts a large number of relatively small or mediumsized applications, each running on a dedicated hardware infrastructure Data centers for cloud computing platforms Belongs to a single organization Uses a relatively homogeneous hardware and system software platform Common system management layer Runs a smaller number of very large applications Cloud computing workloads must be designed to gracefully tolerate large numbers of component faults with little or no impact on service level performance and availability 1

2 Warehouse Scale Computers (WSC) Not just a collection of servers 100s to 1000s coordinated servers Typically runs on a virtualized platform Fault behavior & energy considerations have significant impact Needs to be considered as a single unit Must be highly manageable Deployment of software updates Monitoring & system management Affordability Currently power public clouds such as Google, Amazon, Yahoo, Microsoft, etc Soon to be affordable by Enterprises A rack of servers can easily have > 600 cores What s different about WSC s? As computation continues to move into the cloud, the computing platform of interest no longer resembles a pizza box or a refrigerator, but a warehouse full of computers. These new large datacenters are quite different from traditional hosting facilities of earlier times and cannot be viewed simply as a collection of co-located servers. Large portions of the hardware and software resources in these facilities must work in concert to efficiently deliver good levels of Internet service performance, something that can only be achieved by a holistic approach to their design and deployment. In other words, we must treat the datacenter itself as one massive warehouse-scale computer (WSC). Google Warehouse Style Computer Data Center The New Data Center Industry Data centers replaces servers Container Computer for high efficiency and environmental conservation (Packaging, PUE, ) Bundled software for integrated service, high scalability, and availability Large Enterprise will bypass traditional server channels (IBM, HP, Dell, ) Purchase of entire data center directly from manufacturers Significant cost reductions Horizontal scalability High Availability Google already buys directly purchase from Taiwan Google 4 th largest server manufacturer, does not sell Facebook s opencompute.org project Open specifications for data center design 2

3 Container Computers Data Center Architecture Treat the entire data center as a computer - Air flow analysis - Cooling architecture (thermal management) - Power/energy management - Focus on ease of system and network management - What cannot be managed/monitored does not get deployed Modular and Scalable - Card to Rack - Rack to Container - Container to Warehouse Explore low power, commodity CPU as a building block 9 Data center server hardware Standard servers Standard networks Standard storage But at a very large scale Comparison: Parallel computer Custom high-performance hardware (?) Fast interconnection networks Design Motivation Multicore CPUs in mid-range servers typically carry a price/performance benefit 2-5 times cheaper than top-of-the-line systems Many services are memory-bound Faster CPUs do not scale well for large services Applications are larger-than-server anyway Slower CPUs are more power efficient; CPU power decreases by O(k^2) when as CPU frequency decreases by k 3

4 Cost comparison example Server and network overview High-latency, low-price network Gigabit ethernet Hierarchy of commodity switches Storage Increased space with distance Decreased latency and bandwidth Data center management tools Physical Deployment Tool Cloud Application Management Tool Virtual Provisioning Physical Compute Servers Distributed Main/Secondary Storage Network Network/System Management Security Power Management Virtual Machine Management Intra-Virtual- Load Balancing 4

5 Management (cont.) Virtualization Platform (virtualize everything) CPUs Storage (Filesystems) Network Resource Management Provisioning of virtual clusters Physical machine load balancing Network traffic load balancing Power Management Security Hypervisor protection Isolation between clusters System Management High Availability Physical component failure should not interrupt availability of virtual resources Cloud Applications management Unless a resource can be remotely managed, it should not be part of the data center Virtualization Platform Leverage existing hypervisors Allocation of virtual machine instances Monitor VM Performance Virtual storage provisioning Intra-Virtual load balancing Scalable data center network Isolation between virtual clusters Virtual machine migration Mail Virtual Compute Nodes Service Nodes Physical Node Bkup Virtual Physical l Node HC Virtual Physical Node Data Nodes AppXYZ Virtual Storage Server ge Serve r Storage ge Server Serve r System Service daemons Cloud OS agents Virtual Machine Management Objective Power Management Physical Machine Load Balancing Monitor runtime VM statistics Heuristic calculation to predict workloads Determine power down/up of machines Multi-dimensional bin packing (knapsack) CPU, network, disk VM migration algorithm Physical machine load balancing Migration of VM s to other physical machine Power To run servers To run data center Cooling, power distribution, etc. 5

6 Power (cont.) Uninterruptable Power Supply (UPS) Detects power failure Batteries (for short-term outage + switch) (Diesel) Generator (long-term outage) Power Distribution Unit (PDU) Fancy socket w. power distribution and/or control Power usage breakdown Power (cont.) Data centers major power users Common claim: ~4% of world electricity use Example: Facebook in Luleå (120MW) ~1BSEK ( SEK) / year (list prices) Exponential growth of data center capacity & cheaper server hardware Power costs (will) dominate. Exponential power use? Cost breakdown (examples): Cooling Keep heat-generating servers cool Computer Room Air Conditioners (CRAC) - Like room air conditioner, for server rooms Very complex to model and design - Airflow 3D and non-linear Cooling (cont.) Cooling by water Water cooling very close to servers Cooling by sea water Inf. availability of cool water Example: Google Finland Cooling by location Cold climate reduces need for cooling 6

7 Energy-efficiency Not all power is used by servers Power Usage Efficiency (PUE) Power used / power used computing: Energy-efficiency (cont.) Non-linear server power usage Performanc/power ration changes with load High server utilization beneficial But not common by default Typical: 2.0 State-of-the-art: ~1.2 Quite a few variants of the definition Many to make data centers look good Others look at power source Carbon vs. solar vs.. Energy efficiency (cont.) Energy efficiency (cont.) 5k Google servers (6 months) Consolidate workloads Power servers off Or slow servers down Dynamic Voltage Frequency Scaling(DVFS) Very hard to assess impact for bursty (rapidly changing) workloads Oscillations and un-wanted correlations More next time Consolidation requires software support Must be able to start/stop instances and autoscale Stateless services preferable 7

8 Costs for a Data Center How much performance is required? How many/fast servers, disks, networks etc.? Size of data center: Watt How much power is needed? PUE? How much cooling? Price of electricity? What additional physical equipment is needed? Redundancy of power and cooling Where to place it, given the above? Costs vs. location of users Very attractive to host data centers Cloud computing = cost cuts? Amazon EC2 examples Small VM, 3 years full use (est. server lifetime) Per h: $0.08*(24*365*3) -> ~$2100 (!) Reserved: $300 + $0.013*(24*365*3) -> $640 Rough estimate of costs for Amazon (according to data center as a computer ) Assume server cost 25% of total cost (TCO) Standard $2k (list price) 1U server today: 32 cores + memory, disk etc. Total cost $8k Estimate: Can deliver 64 Small VMs Revenue: $2100*64 -> ~17 times server cost! Amazon does not pay list prices 90% discount rumoured With 24/7 use, hourly prices are very high Cloud cost life cycle 1. Develop service Run in-house for testing and very early use 2. Move to cloud-hosting To handle large scale-up of user base 3. Build own data center to cut hosting costs Once size of service is roughly known Unless major price cuts by IaaS providers, this will happen for more and more SaaS providers as server and data center costs drop Conclusions Data centers at warehouse scale More than just a group of servers Holistic management perspective needed Standard solutions superior Off-the-shelf servers, networks, disks, etc. Redundancy, scalability, etc. in software layer Balanced design cust costs and increases efficiency Example: Zynga 8

9 Suggested reading Data center as a computer Barroso & Hölzle (Google) Read (somewhat) carefully: Chapter 1, Chapter 3-5 Focus on principles, ignore numbers (examples are a few years old...) Skim: Chapter 2 Overlaps texts from last lecture + Data management lecture Next time. Thursday: Data center #2: Autonomic management Data centers are large Cloud services are complex How to make these Configure themselves? Optimize themselves? Heal themselves? Delay project demos??? From Thursday (31 May) to Monday (June 4)? 3 hours, 13-16: 1h review + evaluation (me) 2h presentation + demo (you)? 9

CCMA & Cloud OS 工 研 院 雲 瑞 運 算 中 心 系 统 軟 體 組 組 長

CCMA & Cloud OS 工 研 院 雲 瑞 運 算 中 心 系 统 軟 體 組 組 長 CCMA & Cloud OS 工 研 院 雲 瑞 運 算 中 心 系 统 軟 體 組 組 長 1 Agenda Introduction CCMA @ ITRI ( 工 研 院 雲 端 運 算 行 動 應 用 科 技 中 心 ) Cloud OS Virtual Data Center & Virtual Clusters Virtualized Storage Networking in a Cloud

More information

Chapter 7: Distributed Systems: Warehouse-Scale Computing. Fall 2011 Jussi Kangasharju

Chapter 7: Distributed Systems: Warehouse-Scale Computing. Fall 2011 Jussi Kangasharju Chapter 7: Distributed Systems: Warehouse-Scale Computing Fall 2011 Jussi Kangasharju Chapter Outline Warehouse-scale computing overview Workloads and software infrastructure Failures and repairs Note:

More information

Data Centers and Cloud Computing

Data Centers and Cloud Computing Data Centers and Cloud Computing CS377 Guest Lecture Tian Guo 1 Data Centers and Cloud Computing Intro. to Data centers Virtualization Basics Intro. to Cloud Computing Case Study: Amazon EC2 2 Data Centers

More information

Ch. 4 - Topics of Discussion

Ch. 4 - Topics of Discussion CPET 581 Cloud Computing: Technologies and Enterprise IT Strategies Lecture 6 Cloud Platform Architecture over Virtualized Data Centers Part -2: Data-Center Design and Interconnection Networks & Architecture

More information

Data Centers and Cloud Computing. Data Centers

Data Centers and Cloud Computing. Data Centers Data Centers and Cloud Computing Intro. to Data centers Virtualization Basics Intro. to Cloud Computing 1 Data Centers Large server and storage farms 1000s of servers Many TBs or PBs of data Used by Enterprises

More information

Data Centers and Cloud Computing. Data Centers. MGHPCC Data Center. Inside a Data Center

Data Centers and Cloud Computing. Data Centers. MGHPCC Data Center. Inside a Data Center Data Centers and Cloud Computing Intro. to Data centers Virtualization Basics Intro. to Cloud Computing Data Centers Large server and storage farms 1000s of servers Many TBs or PBs of data Used by Enterprises

More information

Emerging Technology for the Next Decade

Emerging Technology for the Next Decade Emerging Technology for the Next Decade Cloud Computing Keynote Presented by Charles Liang, President & CEO Super Micro Computer, Inc. What is Cloud Computing? Cloud computing is Internet-based computing,

More information

Concepts Introduced in Chapter 6. Warehouse-Scale Computers. Important Design Factors for WSCs. Programming Models for WSCs

Concepts Introduced in Chapter 6. Warehouse-Scale Computers. Important Design Factors for WSCs. Programming Models for WSCs Concepts Introduced in Chapter 6 Warehouse-Scale Computers introduction to warehouse-scale computing programming models infrastructure and costs cloud computing A cluster is a collection of desktop computers

More information

CLOUD COMPUTING. When It's smarter to rent than to buy

CLOUD COMPUTING. When It's smarter to rent than to buy CLOUD COMPUTING When It's smarter to rent than to buy Is it new concept? Nothing new In 1990 s, WWW itself Grid Technologies- Scientific applications Online banking websites More convenience Not to visit

More information

IOS110. Virtualization 5/27/2014 1

IOS110. Virtualization 5/27/2014 1 IOS110 Virtualization 5/27/2014 1 Agenda What is Virtualization? Types of Virtualization. Advantages and Disadvantages. Virtualization software Hyper V What is Virtualization? Virtualization Refers to

More information

When Does Colocation Become Competitive With The Public Cloud? WHITE PAPER SEPTEMBER 2014

When Does Colocation Become Competitive With The Public Cloud? WHITE PAPER SEPTEMBER 2014 When Does Colocation Become Competitive With The Public Cloud? WHITE PAPER SEPTEMBER 2014 Table of Contents Executive Summary... 2 Case Study: Amazon Ec2 Vs In-House Private Cloud... 3 Aim... 3 Participants...

More information

Data Centers and Cloud Computing. Data Centers

Data Centers and Cloud Computing. Data Centers Data Centers and Cloud Computing Slides courtesy of Tim Wood 1 Data Centers Large server and storage farms 1000s of servers Many TBs or PBs of data Used by Enterprises for server applications Internet

More information

When Does Colocation Become Competitive With The Public Cloud?

When Does Colocation Become Competitive With The Public Cloud? When Does Colocation Become Competitive With The Public Cloud? PLEXXI WHITE PAPER Affinity Networking for Data Centers and Clouds Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY... 2 CASE STUDY: AMAZON EC2 vs IN-HOUSE

More information

Cloud Optimize Your IT

Cloud Optimize Your IT Cloud Optimize Your IT Windows Server 2012 The information contained in this presentation relates to a pre-release product which may be substantially modified before it is commercially released. This pre-release

More information

Scaling Cloud Storage. Julian Chesterfield Storage & Virtualization Architect

Scaling Cloud Storage. Julian Chesterfield Storage & Virtualization Architect Scaling Cloud Storage Julian Chesterfield Storage & Virtualization Architect Outline Predicting Cloud IO Workloads Identifying the bottlenecks The distributed SAN approach OnApp s integrated storage platform

More information

What Is It? Business Architecture Research Challenges Bibliography. Cloud Computing. Research Challenges Overview. Carlos Eduardo Moreira dos Santos

What Is It? Business Architecture Research Challenges Bibliography. Cloud Computing. Research Challenges Overview. Carlos Eduardo Moreira dos Santos Research Challenges Overview May 3, 2010 Table of Contents I 1 What Is It? Related Technologies Grid Computing Virtualization Utility Computing Autonomic Computing Is It New? Definition 2 Business Business

More information

Today: Data Centers & Cloud Computing" Data Centers"

Today: Data Centers & Cloud Computing Data Centers Today: Data Centers & Cloud Computing" Data Centers Cloud Computing Lecture 25, page 1 Data Centers" Large server and storage farms Used by enterprises to run server applications Used by Internet companies

More information

Datacenters and Cloud Computing. Jia Rao Assistant Professor in CS http://cs.uccs.edu/~jrao/cs5540/spring2014/index.html

Datacenters and Cloud Computing. Jia Rao Assistant Professor in CS http://cs.uccs.edu/~jrao/cs5540/spring2014/index.html Datacenters and Cloud Computing Jia Rao Assistant Professor in CS http://cs.uccs.edu/~jrao/cs5540/spring2014/index.html What is Cloud Computing? A model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, ondemand network

More information

Performance Management for Cloudbased STC 2012

Performance Management for Cloudbased STC 2012 Performance Management for Cloudbased Applications STC 2012 1 Agenda Context Problem Statement Cloud Architecture Need for Performance in Cloud Performance Challenges in Cloud Generic IaaS / PaaS / SaaS

More information

Green Computing: Datacentres

Green Computing: Datacentres Green Computing: Datacentres Simin Nadjm-Tehrani Department of Computer and Information Science (IDA) Linköping University Sweden Many thanks to Jordi Cucurull For earlier versions of this course material

More information

IaaS Cloud Architectures: Virtualized Data Centers to Federated Cloud Infrastructures

IaaS Cloud Architectures: Virtualized Data Centers to Federated Cloud Infrastructures IaaS Cloud Architectures: Virtualized Data Centers to Federated Cloud Infrastructures Dr. Sanjay P. Ahuja, Ph.D. 2010-14 FIS Distinguished Professor of Computer Science School of Computing, UNF Introduction

More information

Solving I/O Bottlenecks to Enable Superior Cloud Efficiency

Solving I/O Bottlenecks to Enable Superior Cloud Efficiency WHITE PAPER Solving I/O Bottlenecks to Enable Superior Cloud Efficiency Overview...1 Mellanox I/O Virtualization Features and Benefits...2 Summary...6 Overview We already have 8 or even 16 cores on one

More information

Introduction to Cloud Computing

Introduction to Cloud Computing Introduction to Cloud Computing Cloud Computing I (intro) 15 319, spring 2010 2 nd Lecture, Jan 14 th Majd F. Sakr Lecture Motivation General overview on cloud computing What is cloud computing Services

More information

Part V Applications. What is cloud computing? SaaS has been around for awhile. Cloud Computing: General concepts

Part V Applications. What is cloud computing? SaaS has been around for awhile. Cloud Computing: General concepts Part V Applications Cloud Computing: General concepts Copyright K.Goseva 2010 CS 736 Software Performance Engineering Slide 1 What is cloud computing? SaaS: Software as a Service Cloud: Datacenters hardware

More information

Microsoft Private Cloud

Microsoft Private Cloud Microsoft Private Cloud Lorenz Wolf, Solution Specialist Datacenter, Microsoft SoftwareOne @ Au Premier Zürich - 22.03.2011 What is PRIVATE CLOUD Private Public Public Cloud Private Cloud shared resources.

More information

High Performance Computing Cloud Computing. Dr. Rami YARED

High Performance Computing Cloud Computing. Dr. Rami YARED High Performance Computing Cloud Computing Dr. Rami YARED Outline High Performance Computing Parallel Computing Cloud Computing Definitions Advantages and drawbacks Cloud Computing vs Grid Computing Outline

More information

SPEED your path to virtualization.

SPEED your path to virtualization. SPEED your path to virtualization. 2011 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice Introducing HP VirtualSystem Chief pillar of

More information

Cloud Performance Considerations

Cloud Performance Considerations Dr. Stefan Pappe - Distinguished Engineer - Leader Cloud Service Specialty Area Dr. Curtis Hrischuk Cloud Performance Leader IBM Global Technology Services Cloud Performance Considerations Disclaimer This

More information

Integration of Microsoft Hyper-V and Coraid Ethernet SAN Storage. White Paper

Integration of Microsoft Hyper-V and Coraid Ethernet SAN Storage. White Paper Integration of Microsoft Hyper-V and Coraid Ethernet SAN Storage White Paper June 2011 2011 Coraid, Inc. Coraid, Inc. The trademarks, logos, and service marks (collectively "Trademarks") appearing on the

More information

Best Practices for Monitoring Databases on VMware. Dean Richards Senior DBA, Confio Software

Best Practices for Monitoring Databases on VMware. Dean Richards Senior DBA, Confio Software Best Practices for Monitoring Databases on VMware Dean Richards Senior DBA, Confio Software 1 Who Am I? 20+ Years in Oracle & SQL Server DBA and Developer Worked for Oracle Consulting Specialize in Performance

More information

Private cloud computing advances

Private cloud computing advances Building robust private cloud services infrastructures By Brian Gautreau and Gong Wang Private clouds optimize utilization and management of IT resources to heighten availability. Microsoft Private Cloud

More information

OPTIMIZING SERVER VIRTUALIZATION

OPTIMIZING SERVER VIRTUALIZATION OPTIMIZING SERVER VIRTUALIZATION HP MULTI-PORT SERVER ADAPTERS BASED ON INTEL ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY As enterprise-class server infrastructures adopt virtualization to improve total cost of ownership (TCO)

More information

Cloud-Scale Datacenters

Cloud-Scale Datacenters Cloud-Scale Datacenters Cloud-Scale Datacenters Page 1 Cloud-Scale Datacenters Delivering services at cloud-scale requires a radically different approach to designing, building, deploying, and operating

More information

Enterprise Cloud Services HOSTED PRIVATE CLOUD

Enterprise Cloud Services HOSTED PRIVATE CLOUD Enterprise Cloud Services HOSTED PRIVATE CLOUD Delivering Business Value From DataCenter & Cloud Technologies Redefine Your Business Introduction Driven by a team with over 100 years of combined experience

More information

Zadara Storage Cloud A whitepaper. @ZadaraStorage

Zadara Storage Cloud A whitepaper. @ZadaraStorage Zadara Storage Cloud A whitepaper @ZadaraStorage Zadara delivers two solutions to its customers: On- premises storage arrays Storage as a service from 31 locations globally (and counting) Some Zadara customers

More information

Managing Traditional Workloads Together with Cloud Computing Workloads

Managing Traditional Workloads Together with Cloud Computing Workloads Managing Traditional Workloads Together with Cloud Computing Workloads Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Cloud Management Challenges... 3 Re-thinking of Cloud Management Solution... 4 Teraproc Cloud

More information

Cloud Computing. Cloud computing:

Cloud Computing. Cloud computing: Cloud computing: Cloud Computing A model of data processing in which high scalability IT solutions are delivered to multiple users: as a service, on a mass scale, on the Internet. Network services offering:

More information

Cloud Computing. Chapter 4 Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

Cloud Computing. Chapter 4 Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Cloud Computing Chapter 4 Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Learning Objectives Define and describe IaaS and identify IaaS solution providers. Define and describe colocation. Define and describe system

More information

DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS AND CLOUD COMPUTING. A Comparative Study

DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS AND CLOUD COMPUTING. A Comparative Study DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS AND CLOUD COMPUTING A Comparative Study Geographically distributed resources, such as storage devices, data sources, and computing power, are interconnected as a single, unified resource

More information

Lecture 7: Data Center Networks"

Lecture 7: Data Center Networks Lecture 7: Data Center Networks" CSE 222A: Computer Communication Networks Alex C. Snoeren Thanks: Nick Feamster Lecture 7 Overview" Project discussion Data Centers overview Fat Tree paper discussion CSE

More information

The Private Cloud Your Controlled Access Infrastructure

The Private Cloud Your Controlled Access Infrastructure White Paper: Private Clouds The ongoing debate on the differences between a Public and Private Cloud are broad and often loud. The bottom line is that it s really about how the resource, or computing power,

More information

Virtualization Technologies and Blackboard: The Future of Blackboard Software on Multi-Core Technologies

Virtualization Technologies and Blackboard: The Future of Blackboard Software on Multi-Core Technologies Virtualization Technologies and Blackboard: The Future of Blackboard Software on Multi-Core Technologies Kurt Klemperer, Principal System Performance Engineer kklemperer@blackboard.com Agenda Session Length:

More information

Performance Management for Cloud-based Applications STC 2012

Performance Management for Cloud-based Applications STC 2012 Performance Management for Cloud-based Applications STC 2012 1 Agenda Context Problem Statement Cloud Architecture Key Performance Challenges in Cloud Challenges & Recommendations 2 Context Cloud Computing

More information

EX ECUT IV E ST RAT EG Y BR IE F. Server Design for Microsoft s Cloud Infrastructure. Cloud. Resources

EX ECUT IV E ST RAT EG Y BR IE F. Server Design for Microsoft s Cloud Infrastructure. Cloud. Resources EX ECUT IV E ST RAT EG Y BR IE F Server Design for Microsoft s Cloud Infrastructure Cloud Resources 01 Server Design for Cloud Infrastructure / Executive Strategy Brief Cloud-based applications are inherently

More information

Technology Insight Series

Technology Insight Series Evaluating Storage Technologies for Virtual Server Environments Russ Fellows June, 2010 Technology Insight Series Evaluator Group Copyright 2010 Evaluator Group, Inc. All rights reserved Executive Summary

More information

Introduction to OpenStack

Introduction to OpenStack Introduction to OpenStack Carlo Vallati PostDoc Reseracher Dpt. Information Engineering University of Pisa carlo.vallati@iet.unipi.it Cloud Computing - Definition Cloud Computing is a term coined to refer

More information

Introduction to Cloud Design Four Design Principals For IaaS

Introduction to Cloud Design Four Design Principals For IaaS WHITE PAPER Introduction to Cloud Design Four Design Principals For IaaS What is a Cloud...1 Why Mellanox for the Cloud...2 Design Considerations in Building an IaaS Cloud...2 Summary...4 What is a Cloud

More information

VMware for your hosting services

VMware for your hosting services VMware for your hosting services Anindya Kishore Das 2009 VMware Inc. All rights reserved Everybody talks Cloud! You will eat your cloud and you will like it! Everybody talks Cloud - But what is it? VMware

More information

Multilevel Communication Aware Approach for Load Balancing

Multilevel Communication Aware Approach for Load Balancing Multilevel Communication Aware Approach for Load Balancing 1 Dipti Patel, 2 Ashil Patel Department of Information Technology, L.D. College of Engineering, Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad 1

More information

Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track

Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track is a reference architecture designed to help build private clouds by combining Microsoft software with Nutanix technology to decrease

More information

EMC VPLEX FAMILY. Continuous Availability and data Mobility Within and Across Data Centers

EMC VPLEX FAMILY. Continuous Availability and data Mobility Within and Across Data Centers EMC VPLEX FAMILY Continuous Availability and data Mobility Within and Across Data Centers DELIVERING CONTINUOUS AVAILABILITY AND DATA MOBILITY FOR MISSION CRITICAL APPLICATIONS Storage infrastructure is

More information

Green Computing: Datacentres

Green Computing: Datacentres Green Computing: Datacentres Simin Nadjm-Tehrani Department of Computer and Information Science (IDA) Linköping University Sweden Many thanks to Jordi Cucurull For earlier versions of this course material

More information

Balancing CPU, Storage

Balancing CPU, Storage TechTarget Data Center Media E-Guide Server Virtualization: Balancing CPU, Storage and Networking Demands Virtualization initiatives often become a balancing act for data center administrators, who are

More information

Next-generation data center infrastructure

Next-generation data center infrastructure ericsson White paper Uen 284 23-3264 February 2015 Next-generation data center infrastructure MAKING HYPERSCALE AVAILABLE In the Networked Society, enterprises will need 10 times their current IT capacity

More information

Windows Server 2003 Migration Guide: Nutanix Webscale Converged Infrastructure Eases Migration

Windows Server 2003 Migration Guide: Nutanix Webscale Converged Infrastructure Eases Migration Windows Server 2003 Migration Guide: Nutanix Webscale Converged Infrastructure Eases Migration Windows Server 2003 end-of-support means planning must start now James E. Bagley Senior Analyst Deni Connor

More information

What Is Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track?

What Is Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track? What Is Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track? MICROSOFT PRIVATE CLOUD FAST TRACK is a reference architecture for building private clouds that combines Microsoft software, consolidated guidance, and validated

More information

Modern Data Centers: Creating a New Value Proposition

Modern Data Centers: Creating a New Value Proposition Modern Data Centers: Creating a New Value Proposition América Latina 2008 Inter-secretarial Commission for the Development of Electronic Government Mexico City 24 May 2013 Data Center Consolidation Consolidating

More information

To Cloud or Not To. An exploration of the economics of clouds and cyber-security.

To Cloud or Not To. An exploration of the economics of clouds and cyber-security. To Cloud or Not To. An exploration of the economics of clouds and cyber-security. Radu Sion ver1.9 Feynman Moment I have experience only in teaching graduate students [ ] and as a result [ ] I know that

More information

Lecture 24: WSC, Datacenters. Topics: network-on-chip wrap-up, warehouse-scale computing and datacenters (Sections 6.1-6.7)

Lecture 24: WSC, Datacenters. Topics: network-on-chip wrap-up, warehouse-scale computing and datacenters (Sections 6.1-6.7) Lecture 24: WSC, Datacenters Topics: network-on-chip wrap-up, warehouse-scale computing and datacenters (Sections 6.1-6.7) 1 Topology Examples Grid Torus Hypercube Criteria 64 nodes Performance Bisection

More information

Resource Efficient Computing for Warehouse-scale Datacenters

Resource Efficient Computing for Warehouse-scale Datacenters Resource Efficient Computing for Warehouse-scale Datacenters Christos Kozyrakis Stanford University http://csl.stanford.edu/~christos DATE Conference March 21 st 2013 Computing is the Innovation Catalyst

More information

SERVER 101 COMPUTE MEMORY DISK NETWORK

SERVER 101 COMPUTE MEMORY DISK NETWORK Cloud Computing ก ก ก SERVER 101 COMPUTE MEMORY DISK NETWORK SERVER 101 1 GHz = 1,000.000.000 Cycle/Second 1 CPU CYCLE VIRTUALIZATION 101 VIRTUALIZATION 101 VIRTUALIZATION 101 HISTORY YEAR 1800 YEARS LATER

More information

CIT 668: System Architecture

CIT 668: System Architecture CIT 668: System Architecture Data Centers II Topics 1. Containers 2. Data Center Network 3. Reliability 4. Economics Containers 1 Containers Data Center in a shipping container. 4-10X normal data center

More information

Cloud Computing Paradigm

Cloud Computing Paradigm Cloud Computing Paradigm Julio Guijarro Automated Infrastructure Lab HP Labs Bristol, UK 2008 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice

More information

Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Live Migration

Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Live Migration Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Live Migration Table of Contents Overview of Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Features... 3 Dynamic VM storage... 3 Enhanced Processor Support... 3 Enhanced Networking Support...

More information

An Oracle White Paper November 2010. Oracle Real Application Clusters One Node: The Always On Single-Instance Database

An Oracle White Paper November 2010. Oracle Real Application Clusters One Node: The Always On Single-Instance Database An Oracle White Paper November 2010 Oracle Real Application Clusters One Node: The Always On Single-Instance Database Executive Summary... 1 Oracle Real Application Clusters One Node Overview... 1 Always

More information

Clusters: Mainstream Technology for CAE

Clusters: Mainstream Technology for CAE Clusters: Mainstream Technology for CAE Alanna Dwyer HPC Division, HP Linux and Clusters Sparked a Revolution in High Performance Computing! Supercomputing performance now affordable and accessible Linux

More information

MaxDeploy Ready. Hyper- Converged Virtualization Solution. With SanDisk Fusion iomemory products

MaxDeploy Ready. Hyper- Converged Virtualization Solution. With SanDisk Fusion iomemory products MaxDeploy Ready Hyper- Converged Virtualization Solution With SanDisk Fusion iomemory products MaxDeploy Ready products are configured and tested for support with Maxta software- defined storage and with

More information

Managed Virtualized Platforms: From Multicore Nodes to Distributed Cloud Infrastructures

Managed Virtualized Platforms: From Multicore Nodes to Distributed Cloud Infrastructures Managed Virtualized Platforms: From Multicore Nodes to Distributed Cloud Infrastructures Ada Gavrilovska Karsten Schwan, Mukil Kesavan Sanjay Kumar, Ripal Nathuji, Adit Ranadive Center for Experimental

More information

Chapter 19 Cloud Computing for Multimedia Services

Chapter 19 Cloud Computing for Multimedia Services Chapter 19 Cloud Computing for Multimedia Services 19.1 Cloud Computing Overview 19.2 Multimedia Cloud Computing 19.3 Cloud-Assisted Media Sharing 19.4 Computation Offloading for Multimedia Services 19.5

More information

Cloud Computing, Virtualization & Green IT

Cloud Computing, Virtualization & Green IT Cloud Computing, Virtualization & Green IT Cloud computing can change how IT supports business Consider the following: As much as 85% of computing capacity sits idle in distributed computing environments.

More information

DIABLO TECHNOLOGIES MEMORY CHANNEL STORAGE AND VMWARE VIRTUAL SAN : VDI ACCELERATION

DIABLO TECHNOLOGIES MEMORY CHANNEL STORAGE AND VMWARE VIRTUAL SAN : VDI ACCELERATION DIABLO TECHNOLOGIES MEMORY CHANNEL STORAGE AND VMWARE VIRTUAL SAN : VDI ACCELERATION A DIABLO WHITE PAPER AUGUST 2014 Ricky Trigalo Director of Business Development Virtualization, Diablo Technologies

More information

Achieving Nanosecond Latency Between Applications with IPC Shared Memory Messaging

Achieving Nanosecond Latency Between Applications with IPC Shared Memory Messaging Achieving Nanosecond Latency Between Applications with IPC Shared Memory Messaging In some markets and scenarios where competitive advantage is all about speed, speed is measured in micro- and even nano-seconds.

More information

CPS221 Lecture: Cloud Computing last revised 10/22/14 Objectives

CPS221 Lecture: Cloud Computing last revised 10/22/14 Objectives CPS221 Lecture: Cloud Computing last revised 10/22/14 Objectives 1. To introduce the notion of cloud computing 2. To define the terms Software as a Service, Platform as a Service, and Infrastructure as

More information

REDCENTRIC INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE SERVICE DEFINITION

REDCENTRIC INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE SERVICE DEFINITION REDCENTRIC INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE SERVICE DEFINITION SD021 V2.2 Issue Date 01 July 2014 1) OVERVIEW Redcentric s Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) enables the to consume server, storage and network

More information

Using VMware VMotion with Oracle Database and EMC CLARiiON Storage Systems

Using VMware VMotion with Oracle Database and EMC CLARiiON Storage Systems Using VMware VMotion with Oracle Database and EMC CLARiiON Storage Systems Applied Technology Abstract By migrating VMware virtual machines from one physical environment to another, VMware VMotion can

More information

Virtualization. Dr. Yingwu Zhu

Virtualization. Dr. Yingwu Zhu Virtualization Dr. Yingwu Zhu What is virtualization? Virtualization allows one computer to do the job of multiple computers. Virtual environments let one computer host multiple operating systems at the

More information

Introduction to Cloud Computing

Introduction to Cloud Computing Introduction to Cloud Computing Cloud Computing II (Qloud) 15 319, spring 2010 3 rd Lecture, Jan 19 th Majd F. Sakr Lecture Motivation Introduction to a Data center Understand the Cloud hardware in CMUQ

More information

Virtualization of the MS Exchange Server Environment

Virtualization of the MS Exchange Server Environment MS Exchange Server Acceleration Maximizing Users in a Virtualized Environment with Flash-Powered Consolidation Allon Cohen, PhD OCZ Technology Group Introduction Microsoft (MS) Exchange Server is one of

More information

Dell and Nutanix deliver a Cost Effective Web-scale Hyper-converged Appliance with Microsoft Private Cloud

Dell and Nutanix deliver a Cost Effective Web-scale Hyper-converged Appliance with Microsoft Private Cloud Dell and Nutanix deliver a Cost Effective Web-scale Hyper-converged Appliance with Microsoft Private Cloud Published by: Value Prism Consulting Sponsored by: Microsoft Corporation Publish date: May 2015

More information

The Future of Cloud Networking. Idris T. Vasi

The Future of Cloud Networking. Idris T. Vasi The Future of Cloud Networking Idris T. Vasi Cloud Computing and Cloud Networking What is Cloud Computing? An emerging computing paradigm where data and services reside in massively scalable data centers

More information

Coho Data s DataStream Clustered NAS System

Coho Data s DataStream Clustered NAS System Technology Insight Paper Coho Data s DataStream Clustered NAS System Bridging a Gap Between Webscale and Enterprise IT Storage By John Webster November, 2014 Enabling you to make the best technology decisions

More information

Virtualization NIIT WHITE PAPER SEPTEMBER 2011

Virtualization NIIT WHITE PAPER SEPTEMBER 2011 Virtualization WHITE PAPER SEPTEMBER 2011 National Institute of Information Technologies White Paper On VIRTUALIZATION Submitted by: Mohsen Shahbazi Behzadi Student ID: S103008900126 Date: 28 Sep 2011

More information

STeP-IN SUMMIT 2013. June 18 21, 2013 at Bangalore, INDIA. Performance Testing of an IAAS Cloud Software (A CloudStack Use Case)

STeP-IN SUMMIT 2013. June 18 21, 2013 at Bangalore, INDIA. Performance Testing of an IAAS Cloud Software (A CloudStack Use Case) 10 th International Conference on Software Testing June 18 21, 2013 at Bangalore, INDIA by Sowmya Krishnan, Senior Software QA Engineer, Citrix Copyright: STeP-IN Forum and Quality Solutions for Information

More information

Study of virtual data centers for cost savings and management

Study of virtual data centers for cost savings and management 1 Study of virtual data centers for cost savings and management María Virtudes López López School of Industrial Engineering and Information Technology Master s Degree in Cybernetics Research León, Spain

More information

Expert Reference Series of White Papers. Visions of My Datacenter Virtualized

Expert Reference Series of White Papers. Visions of My Datacenter Virtualized Expert Reference Series of White Papers Visions of My Datacenter Virtualized 1-800-COURSES www.globalknowledge.com Visions of My Datacenter Virtualized John A. Davis, VMware Certified Instructor (VCI),

More information

Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track Reference Architecture

Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track Reference Architecture Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track Reference Architecture Microsoft Private Cloud Fast Track is a reference architecture designed to help build private clouds by combining Microsoft software with NEC s

More information

Cloud Computing and Amazon Web Services

Cloud Computing and Amazon Web Services Cloud Computing and Amazon Web Services Gary A. McGilvary edinburgh data.intensive research 1 OUTLINE 1. An Overview of Cloud Computing 2. Amazon Web Services 3. Amazon EC2 Tutorial 4. Conclusions 2 CLOUD

More information

VMware Cost-Per-Application Calculator Results Report

VMware Cost-Per-Application Calculator Results Report 1 / 12 VMware -Per-Application Calculator Results Report The VMware -Per-Application Calculator compares the cost of virtualizing applications on VMware vsphere 4 versus other commodity virtualization

More information

Parallels Virtuozzo Containers

Parallels Virtuozzo Containers Parallels White Paper Total Cost of Ownership Analysis: Parallels Virtuozzo VS Traditional Hypervisor Virtualization www.parallels.com The ROI of just the hardware and software components, without considering

More information

Cluster, Grid, Cloud Concepts

Cluster, Grid, Cloud Concepts Cluster, Grid, Cloud Concepts Kalaiselvan.K Contents Section 1: Cluster Section 2: Grid Section 3: Cloud Cluster An Overview Need for a Cluster Cluster categorizations A computer cluster is a group of

More information

Cloud Computing: It s In Your Future. What You Need to Know about Logicalis and Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing: It s In Your Future. What You Need to Know about Logicalis and Cloud Computing Cloud Computing: It s In Your Future What You Need to Know about Logicalis and Cloud Computing Cloud computing is a transition that is changing the way you will buy, build, operate and consume information,

More information

Grid Computing Vs. Cloud Computing

Grid Computing Vs. Cloud Computing International Journal of Information and Computation Technology. ISSN 0974-2239 Volume 3, Number 6 (2013), pp. 577-582 International Research Publications House http://www. irphouse.com /ijict.htm Grid

More information

The Advantages of Multi-Port Network Adapters in an SWsoft Virtual Environment

The Advantages of Multi-Port Network Adapters in an SWsoft Virtual Environment The Advantages of Multi-Port Network Adapters in an SWsoft Virtual Environment Introduction... 2 Virtualization addresses key challenges facing IT today... 2 Introducing Virtuozzo... 2 A virtualized environment

More information

Introduction. Need for ever-increasing storage scalability. Arista and Panasas provide a unique Cloud Storage solution

Introduction. Need for ever-increasing storage scalability. Arista and Panasas provide a unique Cloud Storage solution Arista 10 Gigabit Ethernet Switch Lab-Tested with Panasas ActiveStor Parallel Storage System Delivers Best Results for High-Performance and Low Latency for Scale-Out Cloud Storage Applications Introduction

More information

Lecture 02a Cloud Computing I

Lecture 02a Cloud Computing I Mobile Cloud Computing Lecture 02a Cloud Computing I 吳 秀 陽 Shiow-yang Wu What is Cloud Computing? Computing with cloud? Mobile Cloud Computing Cloud Computing I 2 Note 1 What is Cloud Computing? Walking

More information

Software as a Service (SaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) (ENCS 691K Chapter 1)

Software as a Service (SaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) (ENCS 691K Chapter 1) Roch Glitho, PhD Software as a Service (SaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) (ENCS 691K Chapter 1) Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair My URL - http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~glitho/ Software

More information

Energy Constrained Resource Scheduling for Cloud Environment

Energy Constrained Resource Scheduling for Cloud Environment Energy Constrained Resource Scheduling for Cloud Environment 1 R.Selvi, 2 S.Russia, 3 V.K.Anitha 1 2 nd Year M.E.(Software Engineering), 2 Assistant Professor Department of IT KSR Institute for Engineering

More information

Energy Conscious Virtual Machine Migration by Job Shop Scheduling Algorithm

Energy Conscious Virtual Machine Migration by Job Shop Scheduling Algorithm Energy Conscious Virtual Machine Migration by Job Shop Scheduling Algorithm Shanthipriya.M 1, S.T.Munusamy 2 ProfSrinivasan. R 3 M.Tech (IT) Student, Department of IT, PSV College of Engg & Tech, Krishnagiri,

More information

Server Virtualization and Consolidation

Server Virtualization and Consolidation Server Virtualization and Consolidation An Ideal cost effective solution to maximize your Return on Investment of your organization's hardware infrastructure It is quit evident today that Business owners,

More information

Parallels Virtuozzo Containers

Parallels Virtuozzo Containers Parallels Virtuozzo Containers White Paper Greener Virtualization www.parallels.com Version 1.0 Greener Virtualization Operating system virtualization by Parallels Virtuozzo Containers from Parallels is

More information