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1 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN Invitation to contribute to the vision: By 2030, the Central Denmark Region will be an international growth region in a cohesive Denmark Adopted by the Regional Council Date: 20 June 2012

2 Contents The course is set 3 Basic principles of collaboration 4 Inviting development 4 Overarching challenges 5 Plan and strategy 6 Vision Focus areas 9 Climate change adaptation 10 Environment and energy 12 Education 14 Towns and countryside 16 Mobility 18 Business and tourism 22 Culture 24 Health 26 Preparation of the regional development plan was managed by The Regional Development Advisory Committee. The committee drew its inspiration from a large number of regional stakeholders, and especially the municipalities in the region. By sparring with them about strategies and actions it has been possible to develop our vision for an international growth region in a cohesive Denmark. The regional development plan was finally adopted by the Regional Council on 20 June Additional material about the regional development plan is available on the region s website: ISBN: Print run: 1,500 Layout: Regional Development We gratefully acknowledge the loan of images from: Aarhus Municipality, Viborg Municipality, Horsens Municipality and Grontmij as. Graphics by Skanderborg Municipality and the Central Denmark Region.

3 3 The course has been set now our work together continues I am delighted to be able to present the new regional development plan, which contains our strategy for making the Central Denmark Region an international growth region in a cohesive Denmark looking ahead to Making this vision a reality will require increased interaction, more knowledge and greater attention to sustainability for all of our focus areas and, especially, at the interfaces between them. In preparing the new regional development plan, we have been able to build further on the close and trusting working relationship with the municipalities which was established during the creation of the first regional development plan in As a result, this time we felt safe setting tougher targets and increasing our expectations. We need to work together to tackle the challenges we share and make our shared vision a reality. In this regional development plan we have the the tool for dialogue that we need. Bent Hansen Chairman of the Regional Council, Central Jutland Region

4 4 Basic principles of collaboration During the creation of the first regional development plan in 2007, the Regional Council and 19 municipalities formulated a set of principles for collaboration. These have helped to produce a trust-filled working relationship and they will be retained. 1 The regional development plan exploits the strengths that exist in the region. 2 The regional development plan focuses on the different conditions for development that exist in each district in region. The Central Denmark Region and the 19 municipalities will: ensure quality in the research and development of our potential, with an international outlook and sustainability as the core values. be open to new inputs and take the initiative in their work. ensure coordination, holistic thinking, networking and dialogue across administrative and geographical divides through targeted strategic cooperation. exploit and highlight synergies, both geographically and thematically. jointly exert our direct and indirect influence to affect conditions that have a bearing on the the Central Denmark Region. mutually undertake to point out when initiatives deviate from our community vision. An invitation to development The Regional Council has adopted the regional development plan, which was produced in collaboration with a number of regional players and especially the 19 municipalities in the region. The strategy sets out what the Region and the 19 municipalities will do to make that vision a reality. On a number of issues, groups of municipalities and other regional players will in fact be the ones participating in projects. But the Region cannot implement this strategy singlehandedly or without on-going dialogue and close working relationships. This applies particularly to the municipalities where we work based on respect for each other s different tasks and roles, but it also includes learning institutions, businesses and other organisations. You are invited to play an active part here. This will enable us to extend the partnership that is working on making the Central Denmark Region an international growth region in a cohesive Denmark.

5 5 Overarching challenges Global climate Rising water levels, torrential rain and the risk of groundwater contamination. There are significant challenges in terms of the environment and resources. We also need to find alternatives to fossil fuel and reduce carbon emissions. Education Going forward, there will be an ever greater need for a skilled work force and workers who have completed further education. Conversely, the need for unskilled workers will decline. Health and links to the labour market are strongly influenced by an individual s education level. Economy Globalisation represents a particular challenge to our economy, businesses and skills. Denmark is experiencing low growth in productivity and relatively high production costs. Public sector budgets are under pressure due to increased demand for services. Health Higher life expectancy and more and more treatment options put increasing pressure on healthcare provision. Well-organised preventive measures and a higher level of education among the population can ease this pressure and help eliminate inequalities in relation to health. This should benefit the individual as well as society. Demography The trend is towards a larger proportion of elderly people, with population growth primarily in the eastern and southern districts of the region. Stagnation or decline in the population in the northern and western districts of the region will create labour market shortages.

6 6 Plan and strategy The regional development plan is a description of the developments we want to see in the Central Denmark Region. It should be regarded as a joint strategy for the region, the municipalities, the business community, educational institutions and the other stakeholders in the region. Building on the regional development plan, the Regional Council and the municipalities will enter into agreements on issues where there is an overlap of interests or challenges. These agreements will also bring in other regional level players from both inside and outside the Central Denmark Region to work together towards the developments we want to see. The regional development plan is a strategic development tool for use by regional players. The regional development plan was adopted by the Regional Council in accordance with Section 10a of the Planning Act and seeks, on the basis of an overall assessment, to describe desirable future developments for the region s town and cities, rural districts and remote areas as well as for nature and the environment, including recreational pursuits, business and tourism, employment, education and culture. people The development plan must explain the link between these future development and state and municipal infrastructure planning. In addition, the strategy must ensure links between, and build on, the following: The Growth Forum s business development strategy Local Agenda21 strategy Other regional strategies and plans, e.g. for education, culture and health The regional development plan can serve as inspiration for the plans and strategies of regional stakeholders. In addition, the Regional Council and the municipalities can use the regional development plan as a starting point for conducting analyses, establishing and facilitating the formation of networks, etc., with a view to bringing the plan to fruition. Agenda21 This regional development plan is a dimension of the Agenda21 strategy for the Central Denmark Region as sustainability is a recurrent theme. The plan promotes interaction between environmental, transportation, business, social, health, educational, cultural and economic aspects as called for by Section 33a of the Planning Act. By sustainability we mean giving equal consideration to social, economic and environmental factors, or the three p s People, Profit and Planet. Social sustainability is about reducing marginalisation and creating openness so we can see the value of diversity. In other words, it is about recognising that everyone has talents and resources, and that these need to be engaged. planet planet profit profit With regard to environmental sustainability, the key is reducing environmental impact. At the same time, companies can make today s challenges into tomorrow s business areas, which is an important part of economic sustainability.

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8 8 Vision 2030 The Central Denmark Region is an international growth region in a cohesive Denmark The vision agreed out by the Region and the 19 municipalities in the first regional development plan still stands: By 2030, the Central Denmark Region will be an international growth region in a cohesive Denmark. The Central Denmark Region and the municipalities want to to build further on regional and local strengths through better interaction, more education and lifelong learning, more use of renewable energy and environmentally aware solutions, enhanced mobility and improved safeguards for our groundwater and our health. The Central Denmark Region and the 19 municipalities are working for a cohesive Denmark with infrastructure that supports development throughout the Region. It is important to work with a long-term perspective and to make today s social challenges into tomorrow s new business areas. One of the ways of doing this is to develop a joint, long-term energy and climate change adaptation strategy. It will also be achieved if we adopt a more international outlook with greater international collaboration, as well as by improving the interaction between public sector and private sector players. A new proactive approach to cooperation will strengthen the different roles and tasks of the municipalities, towns and cities as hubs for promoting the achievement of our common vision. Dialogue about regional development planning, municipal strategies and the strategies of other players will ensure that shared initiatives result in shared benefits in terms of overall regional development. The strategy is described below under eight focus areas. Each is introduced by an objective laying out what the initiative will contribute to fulfilment of the overarching vision for 2030.

9 9 Focus areas Climate change adaption By 2030 we will be proactively tackling climate change and we will have converted these challenges into new business opportunities and improvements for society Environment and energy By 2030 we will score well on international comparisons of sustainable resource use. Eco-friendly innovation will boosted the competitiveness of businesses and knowledge institutions in the region Education By 2030 all residents will have access to education, with a range of courses that is flexible and taken together meets the needs of both the individual and of society for knowledge and skills Towns, cities and the countryside By 2030 towns will be working together with the surrounding area and other towns in order to reinforce one another and generate sustainable development. We have safeguarded clean groundwater and improved landscape qualities Mobility By 2030 mobility for residents, products and information is good. The road and rail network has been upgraded, and we have eco-friendly public transport as well as a dense, high-speed digital network Business and tourism By 2030 we have created a globally competitive business community based on sustainable growth, and we have succeeded in converting the challenges facing society into business opportunities Culture By 2030 all are keen to contribute their creative skills. Everyone can and wants to play a part in the region s cultural life, and there are good prospects for cultural and artistic development Health By 2030 we offer coherent health provision of high international calibre and with a focus on promoting the well-being of the population

10 10 Climate change adaptation Anebjerg, Skanderborg By 2030 we will be proactively tackling climate change and we will have converted these challenges into new business opportunities and improvements for society This means: Sustainability (meaning equal consideration of social, environmental and economic factors) is the hallmark of ongoing climate change adaptation efforts in the Central Denmark Region. Regional players actively demand new climatefriendly and sustainable solutions with a view to stimulating companies to be first-to-market in developing them. Authorities, businesses and industry organisations have jointly developed a climate friendly land-use strategy to deal with periods of excess rain or rainfall shortages. Residents gain more knowledge about climate change adaptation and about their own options for making responsible choices for example, with the subject being taught at educational institutions. Businesses and knowledge institutions are increasingly involved in research and development for climate change adaptation, including through mutually beneficial partnerships. Increasing numbers of relevant regional stakeholders becomebecome involved in international networks, which contribute inspiration, resources and knowledge.

11 11 Opportunities and challenges: The changing climate creates new conditions and requires adaptation to new times. These changes will continue long after 2030, so the planning horizon has to be significantly longer than normal. But also opportunities for new partnerships and business development new water-based recreational options new crops and different seasons new tourism attractions The climate is changing and we must adapt to the new situation. Here is some of what we expect: rising temperatures increased risk of flooding tendency towards more episodes of very heavy precipitation; torrential rainfall greater risk of drought in the growing season rising seawater level In the Central Denmark Region, we will focus particularly on the challenges and business opportunities presented by increasing amounts of water and more intense weather events. Climate change offers great potential for business development, as there is a growing market in Denmark and globally for new products, technologies, forms of organisation and solutions to cope with climate change. The Region and the 19 municipalities will: establish a network to work together on climate change adaptation initiatives. create partnerships with as possible to work together on climate change adaptation. identify robust, proactive climate change solutions. We will explore how the climate adaptation needs of various sectors can be brought together in appropriate, larger groupings supported by good planning both physically and strategically. contribute to maximising awareness and a sense of responsibility for the climate among residents, authorities and businesses. maintain international networks and, in so doing, contribute to bringing regional players into contact with new knowledge and with collaboration partners within the EU and elsewhere. The Region and the 19 municipalities recommend: that all public and private sector stakeholders in the region should form a network with a view to activating new knowledge and climate change related activities in the region. that the state should create incentives to encourage the development of solutions that take account of climate change both for renovations and for new construction. that the state should set an agreed level for expected sea level rises as a baseline for future planning. that the state should revise the Planning Act to give the municipalities the option, for example in local area plans, to impose a requirements to take account of climate change adaptation and environmental considerations. participate in development initiatives to clarify how we can adapt to extreme weather situations. analyse the need for drinking water through to the year 2100 in order to provide a better basis for decisions regarding urban development and opportunities for locating future aquifer zones for extracting drinking water in the region. map the existence of special needs or interests.

12 12 Environment and energy By 2030 we will score well on international comparisons of sustainable resource use. Eco-friendly innovation will boosted the competitiveness of businesses and knowledge institutions in the region This means: By 2025, across the region as a whole, 50% of energy consumption will be from renewable energy sources. Waste has shifted status from being an environmental problem to being an increasingly valuable resource. Emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases will be reduced. Biomass resources, including agricultural saete are used sustainably. Equal consideration of environmental, economic and social factors is the hallmark of ongoing environmental efforts in the Central Denmark Region. Promising technologies and solutions are being developed in the field of renewable energy. The potential of digitisation has been harnessed, and a cohesive, intelligent energy system has been developed to deal with the challenges associated with increasing use of renewable energy sources. The region has become an international showcase for sustainable solutions to tomorrow s environmental challenges and for cleantech businesses.

13 13 Opportunities and challenges: Different choices can have very different environmental effects. In order to limit environmental impact, focused efforts are needed to develop and implement environmental solutions. The Region and municipalities must be sustainable businesses and must demand energy-efficient, eco-friendly solutions for their operating and construction activities. Buildings and construction must serve as showcases for technologies and solutions. In the Central Denmark Region, we have a particularly strong position in the development and utilisation of renewable energy. The success of Danish wind turbines has been a major factor in giving Denmark and the Central Denmark Region a leading inter national role in the development of new wind turbine technology. This experience, together with new framework conditions, could be used to give a boost to development in other fields such as new solutions for the exploitation and integration of renewable energy, safeguarding clean drinking water, reducing consumption of water and reducing waste. Greater interaction and collaboration among research, knowledge and educational institutions, municipalities, businesses and the Region will serve to ensure that environmentally sustainable solutions are also commercially viable. There are many options for cultivating new business areas. For example, the Central Denmark Region has achieved a world-leading position in connection with removing contamination on Harboøre Tange (Høfte 42). Special decontamination methods have been developed here by working together with businesses and universities, and these can be further developed and commercialised. Relatively speaking, Denmark is a large producer of waste, and has specialist expertise when it comes to sorting and recycling waste. It would be positive if cradle to cradle (or C2C) thinking could be given more promi nence in business deliberations regarding strategy, environmental and innovation management system adaptation for the business areas of tomorrow. The Region and the 19 municipalities will: foster collaboration between as many players as possible, including energy utilities and other relevant players, in order to achieve the target of using an average 50% renewables by 2025 and 100% by 2050 in the Central Denmark Region. encourage municipalities and the Region to work further on developing shared energy accounts to produce a tool that enables us to establish strategic targets for climate and energy. analyse the potential of future use of biomass for energy generation, taking due account of sustainability. actively promote energy savings and recycling. work towards conversion to sustainable transportation. choose sustainable solutions when converting existing buildings and for new construction. We will demand sustainable solutions, even if they are yet to be invented. promote initiatives that focus on developing partnerships and strengthening collaboration across geographical boundaries and with relevant players in Denmark and abroad, including promoting the cradle to cradle principle. support the development and demonstration of tomorrow s technology and business models with a view to creating additional commercial developments and synergies. The Region and the 19 municipalities recommend: that planning and construction authorities should be aware, when planning and establishing new urban development areas, of the need to locate these appropriately in relation to existing energy infrastructure, and in such a way as to minimise energy use for transportation and heating. that the state should work towards ensuring an ap propriate framework for increasing the use of renewable energy, including the establishment of the necessary legislative and fiscal frameworks. that the government should help maintain the Danish advantage in renewable energy by continuing to ensure improved opportunities for testing and piloting. that everyone should demand and use sustainable solutions.

14 14 Education Ungdomsuddannelse og kort videregående Mulighed for forlagt uddannelse Mellemlang videregående Lang videregående By 2030 all residents will have access to education, with a range of courses that is flexible and taken together meets the needs of both the individual and of society for knowledge and skills This means: All citizens have the opportunity to use their talents. This means, among other things that boys achieve the same educational level as girls, that more people improve their reading skills and hence their access to continuing education, better job prospects and a better quality of life. International knowledge is activated in educational and research institutions as well as in companies. Digital solutions are used wherever they improve the quality of training and eliminate barriers for students who live a long way from an educational institution. More and more people complete secondary, vocational and higher education courses, and participate in further education. Across the region, there is improved scope for and access to a wide selection of youth education programmes. The provision of higher education is ensured by campuses in the major towns of the region, where synergies between disciplines are fostered. This is supplemented with. Continuing education is accessible across the region because of, amongst other things, binding agreements between different institutions and study placements. The different parts of the education system work together and make it easy to move from one stage to the next or shift between courses. There is access to a sufficient number of apprenticeships and training placements to help advance young people s training. nowledge nowledge institutions and buisenesses are partners in the development of the education system. All parties are aware of society s need for skills, including innovation and internationalisation. Student incubators help to put the spotlight on entrepreneurship.

15 15 Opportunities and challenges: A high level of knowledge in the region s businesses, a skilled and well-qualified workforce, and networks to support knowledge sharing are all vital factors that contribute to stimulating growth and development across the region. Too many people fail to get a satisfactory education so we face a shortage of workers with professional training and higher education. Training more people is a key requirement for creating the prosperity which can unlock each person s potential for improved health, job satisfaction and well-being. It is vital to bring everyone s talents to bear. Throughout the region and on an international level, there is good experience with motivating people to learn, helping them learn effectively and encouraging more people to learn more. We must learn from this positive experience. If we are going to ensure that higher levels of education in the region lead to greater prosperity, the skills developed must match our needs and development potential as a society. We need to make sure that enough people want to and can start and run their own business, and that we provide the skills that companies and knowledge institutions need to operate operate and to develop. This means top priority must be given to developing entrepreneurial and IT skills, an international outlook, as well as to ensuring that the business community shoulders its share of the responsibility for providing the necessary training programmes. Bridges must be built between knowledge institutions and businesses across the region with a view to promoting international competitiveness in business. If we are to ensure widespread skills development, there will have to be good interaction between initiatives involving employment, training and commercial policy to ensure everyone works together to boost skills at all levels. Aarhus s strengths in research and further education must be exploited, including through collaboration with research and educational institutions in other parts of the Region. Everyone must work towards developing knowledge and making it accessible throughout the Region. The Region and the 19 municipalities will: by re-examine the Central Denmark Region s education policy to investigate how we can support better recognition of the fact that everyone has talent and that all these talents need to be brought into play. We will consider whether study guidelines can be adjusted to make different parts of the education system work better together. offer apprenticeships and training placements in the Region s own institutions, also with a view to using students as catalysts of development and knowledge input, boost international exchanges of both students and teachers, participate in European and international networks, analyses and projects to promote new models, solutions and inter-cultural skills. work towards: local provision of youth education programmes (see diagram). continuing to reinforce the global standing of Aarhus University, further development of the region s strengths in knowledge and commerce for example, through regional, national and international collaboration and networking to promote the business activities and strengths of tomorrow, establishing concrete collaborative ventures between companies and knowledge institutions, ensuring that highly-skilled workers are used to a greater extent in SMEs throughout the region, digital infrastructure coverage with sufficient capacity for digital, internet-based solutions to be used across the region, contribute to initiatives that reduce the drop-out rate from study programmes at all levels, The Region and the 19 municipalities recommend: that everyone involved should work on improving connections between different parts of the education system, creating more flexible transitions for students between the different learning institutions, and minimising drop-out rates during the transition between different levels of education. Furthermore there is a need to establish apprenticeships and training placements, including for foreign students. The Growth Forum should continue to strengthen networks and collaboration involving the business community, learning institutions, research institutions, and labour market support organisations in the region, in order to boost the level of knowledge in all types of businesses. knowledge and educational institutions should collaborate with the business community across the region through knowledge transfer and study placements. the state should increase the scope for international activities in children s schools and youth education programmes.

16 16 Towns, cities and the countryside > indbyggere > indbyggere > indbyggere By 2030 towns will work together with the surrounding area and other towns in order to reinforce one another and generate sustainable development. We have safeguarded clean groundwater and improved landscape qualities This means: Towns are catalysts for growth. The major towns and cities in the region are actively working together to boost the profile and attractiveness of the region on a global level. National parks and landscapes with special value (as designated by regional stakeholders) attract new residents and businesses. The demolition of derelict buildings and landscaping old mineral extraction sites should take top priority. Partnerships involving towns and rural areas make it possible to establish or build on particular strengths such as tourism. nown pollutants which could pose a threat to aquifers and the health of residents are under control, and we can still provide the region with clean, untreated drinking water. The mineral resources of the region are extracted as and when needed and taking due account of those affected by their extraction.

17 17 Opportunities and challenges: Towns and the rural surrounding areas are inter-dependent. Each can supplement the other while continuing to respect the differences. If towns are to play their part to best advantage, urban diversity and specialisation need to be prioritised. The role of the towns as catalysts of growth should be supported by promoting collaboration between different towns as well as between a town and its hinterland. If we are to maintain and further develop our positions of strength, there is a need to link up development initiatives in urban centres and the surrounding area, for example in the tourism sector. In most cases, development initiatives and strategic partnerships will not need to cover the entire region and can be organised through different alliances of municipalities and towns even across regional boundaries. We should all respect our valuable landscapes. By building more densely instead of allowing urban sprawl into open countryside, the need for transportation can be minimised along with the need for additional or enlarged roads. This will also support public transport. Urban and rural land use must also respect underground resources, for example by safeguarding groundwater resources. Residents and tourists in the Central Denmark Region should appreciate and be drawn to the rich variety of impressions and experiences available from our towns, countryside and coastline. These elements features encourage people to get out and about, which means healthier lifestyles and a revenue base for tourism. People should have increased access to the countryside while we ensure a good balance between agricultural and recreational needs. The Region and the 19 municipalities will: support partnerships linking towns with their hinterlands with a view to maintaining and developing strengths as well as to expand and exploit the opportunities afforded by digitisation. This applies, for example, to coastal tourism, business tourism and culture, as well as to smart cities and the smart region. pool regional, national and international experience and publicise opportunities for supporting the development of more attractive towns, including villages, rural districts and national parks. annually award a prize to a village or group of villages, which have shown particular commitment or outstanding development and which can serve as an inspiration to others. promote quality landscapes and prioritise this in partnerships with regional stakeholders. promote consumer interest in and the development of sustainable food production. The Region and the 19 municipalities recommend: that the state should make it possible to develop urban areas in designated sites of special interest with regard to drinking water provided that groundwater resources are properly safeguarded. that the state should encourage the development of the necessary tools to safeguard groundwater including in urban areas. that the state should increase incentives for sustainable agriculture. that the state should allow residential development or new tourism facilities in one part of the region when similar functions are abandoned in another part of the region. This would include urban development within protected boundary lines. that the state should make it possible to impose special routes for the transportation of extracted minerals so as to avoid negative effects on residential and recreational areas. give high priority to cleaning up pollution that threatens our groundwater. that the state should increase the powers powers of municipalities to demolish unsightly properties.

18 18 Mobility Source: Viborg Municipality By 2030 mobility for residents, products and information is good. The road and rail network has been upgraded, and we have ecofriendly public transport as well as a dense, high-speed digital network This means: There are good transport links across Denmark and within the Central Denmark Region. Our infrastructure and transport services attract growth-supporting businesses and institutions. A fixed link across Kattegat allows one-hour train journey times and 90-minute car journey times between eastern Jutland and Copenhagen. This enhances competitiveness and underpins a strong, cohesive education and labour market. Public transport is a major competitor to the car it is rapid, energy efficient and coordinated. Eastern Jutland has a light rail service with links to the regional train service and national transportation network. The region is part of the EU s overarching Trans- European network of major, road and rail transport routes, TEN-T. This means good train links from the region to the European high-speed rail network. Sea and rail transport are sustainable alternatives and supplements to road transport in Europe. The region s ports support the sustainable development of the wider international, national and regional transport network. There is a single intercontinental airport in Denmark and airports in the west of Denmark have daily flights to European destinations. Mobile connectivity and broadband with appropriate high capacity throughout the Region contribute to the development of the region in terms of settlement, commerce and education.

19 19 Opportunities and challenges: A high level of mobility is vital for providing residents and businesses in the Central Denmark Region with the best possible conditions to thrive and develop. Infrastructure is an important tool for supporting regional development. The European Commission s White Paper on Transportation in 2050, released March 2011, sets the course for future developments with three focus areas: Improving the energy efficiency of all types of vehicles Optimising multi-modal logistics chains Traffic management and information systems, and market-based incentives The measure of effectiveness of the EU transport initiative is a 60% reduction in carbon emissions from the transport sector by Transport infrastructure in the Central Denmark Region need to be up to date and must support the regional context with good access and good links to the wider world. The Regional Council and the 19 municipalities are therefore united with regard to five top-priority infrastructure investments and there is a consensus that we should continue to insist upon these until they are implemented: A fixed link across Kattegat for high speed trains and cars Main road/motorway between Viborg and Aarhus Expansion of the E45 motorway from Randers to Kolding A motorway between Herning and Holstebro Nord Light rail in the Aarhus area with options for further expansion Extracts from joint input to the Danish Infrastructure Commission: The airports and ports in the Central Jutland Region are a significant part of our infrastructure, and it is important that access to these be improved in the years ahead. These recommendations must be seen in the light of our wish for a general development and upgrading of the main roads in the region to unite development from south to north and from east to west. Special attention should be given to improving transport routes to and from businesses in outlying areas (parts of Ringkøbing-Skjern, Lemvig, Skive and Norddjurs Municipalities). This applies particularly to routes 11, 13, 15, 16, 21 and 34.

20 20 The Kattegat link needs to be considered together with the rest of the infrastructure throughout the region in order to maximise the return on these investments. Capacity problems for north south traffic need to be resolved in order to strengthen access to the surrounding areas and to support the development of the Region as a whole. Public transport must form a cohesive network and this can be ensured by coordination and the joint efforts of regions, municipalities, transport operators and other players. Public transport needs to be fast, attractive and energy efficient. Finally, improving mobility for students, and commuters and meeting other transport needs present a challenge in terms of further developing public transport services. For example, we need shorter rail journey times, flexible public transport, further development of light rail and metro lines, appropriate interchange points between the various forms of transport, coordination of timetables, etc. The region and municipalities will continue to work towards implementation of the five recommendations, and will continue to work on the other infrastructure challenges with a view to developing an updated contribution from Central Denmark to the upcoming national infrastructure discussions. The Aarhus light rail