{Merik.Meriste, Tonis.Kelder,

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "{Merik.Meriste, Tonis.Kelder, Jyri.Helekivi}@ut.ee. Leo.Motus@dcc.ttu.ee"

Transcription

1 Domain- S p c if ic L ang u ag A g nt s Mrik Mrist 1, T õ n is K l d r 1, J ü ri H l kiv i 1, L o Mo tu s 2 1 Univrsity of Tartu, Estonia {Mrik.Mrist, Tonis.Kldr, 2 Tal l inn Tc h nic al Univrsity, Estonia Abstract. M ul ti- ag nt systm s ar p rop osing a nw d sig n c onc p t for softw ar th k ntic softw ar d sig n b asd on th c onc p t of intrac tiv ag nts. O n th b asis of th is c onc p tual viw, intrac ting ag nts ap p ar as an ap p rop riat c onc p tual tool for th d vl op m nt of d om ain- sp c ific l ang uag s. D om ainsp c ific l ang uag w il l b c onsid rd as a c onsnsual c ol l c tion of intrrl atd autonom ous notions and, th l ang uag p roc ssor as a c l ustr of intrac ting ag nts i.. a multi- a g n t rp rsnting l ang uag notions. Th is p ap r sug g sts an ag nt- b asd m od l ing fram w ork as a p ossib l m th od ol og ic al b asis for D S L d sig n and d vl op m nt. 1 Introduction A n in trstin g a sp c t in d o m a in - sp c if ic l a n g u a g s ( D S L ) is th a t o f f o rm a l m o d l s a n d f ra m w o rks f o r D S L d sig n a n d f o r th d v l o p m n t o f a p p ro p ria t m o d l s o f l a n g u a g n o tio n s a n d l a n g u a g c o n stru c ts. T o w h a t x tn t th f o rm a l m th o d s a p p l id su p p o rt th ra so n a b l stru c tu rin g o f in f o rm a tio n o b j c ts a n d p ro b l m so l v in g, is a c ru c ia l a sp c t o f m o d l in g. T h f f ic in t im p l m n ta tio n a n d a c c o rd a n c o f th m o d l w ith p ro b l m a ra sp c if ic a tio n l a n g u a g c o n c p ts a r u su a l l y v a l u d m o st in th is p ro c ss. A ra so n a b l f ra m w o rk is x p c td to p ro v id to o l s f o r D S L m o d l in g a n d im p l m n ta tio n o n a c o n c p tu a l l y c l a r b a sis. T h v a rity o f c o n tx tu a l v iw s a n d a p p l ic a tio n a ra s a c c n tu a t th c o m p l ic a td n a tu r o f th ta sk. T h su c c ss o f sy stm m o d l in g d p n d s o n th x tra c tio n o f su rf a c a n d / o r d p ( rg u l a r o r c o n tx tu a l ) su b stru c tu rs f ro m th in f o rm a tio n n v iro n m n t a n d th ir su b sq u n t a tta c h m n t to c o m p u ta tio n a l a c tiv itis. Mu l ti- a g n t sy stm s a r p ro p o sin g a n w d sig n c o n c p t f o r so f tw a r th k n t i c p r o g r a m d s i g n b a sd o n th c o n c p ts o f in tra c tio n s a n d a g n ts.i n th is p a p r w c o n sid r th id a o f kn tic d sig n o f D S L p ro c sso rs. D o - m a in - sp c if ic l a n g u a g is tra td a s a c o l l c tio n o f in trrl a td a u to n o m o u s n o tio n s a n d, its l a n g u a g p ro c sso r a s a c l u str o f in tra c tin g a g n ts i.. a m u l t i - a g n t rp rsn tin g th d o m a in - sp c if ic l a n g u a g b y n o tio n s. O n th b a sis o f th is c o n c p tu a l v iw th in tra c tiv a ttrib u td a u to m a ta c o n c p t is c o n sid rd a s a p o tn tia l p a rtic u l a r f ra m w o rk f o r D S L m o d l in g a n d im p l m n ta - tio n. A ttrib u td a u to m a to n is a sta t tra n sitio n m a c h in in tro d u c d a n d a p p l id in i- tia l l y f o r p u rp o ss o f stru c tu rin g a n d c o n c p tu a l sp c if ic a tio n o f kn o w l d g o n th b a sis o f rg u l a r a ttrib u td stru c tu rs [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 1 0 ]. T o su p p o rt th d c o m p o si-

2 Domain-S p c if ic L ang u ag A g nt s 8 3 t ion of a s p c if ic at ion or c omp u t at ional t as k int o a n t w or k of c omp on nt s, an at t r ib - u t d au t omat on h as f init m mor y d is t r ib u t d t o it s s t at s, as w ll as c omp u t at ions and c ommu nic at ion ac t ions at t r ans it ions. I nt r ac t iv c omp os it ions of A t t r ib u t d A u t omat a ( A A ) s r v as a t ool w h il t r at ing A A as c omp l x c omp u t at ional ag nt s. B as ic int r ac t iv A A c omp os it ion t c h niq u s ar imp l m nt d in int r ac t iv A A v is u al d v lop m nt nv ir onm nt p r ot ot y p d s c r ib d in t h is p ap r. A t t r ib u t d au t omat on and int r ac t iv at t r ib u t d au t omat on w r lat r on id nt if i d as a k ind of W g n r s s q u nt ial int r ac t ion mac h in and mu lt i-s t r am int r ac t ion mac h in r - s p c t iv ly [ 1 1, 1 2, 1 3 ]. T h int g r at d p r s nt at ion and s p c if ic at ion of k now l d g w ill ob v iou s ly r main a r s ar c h and t c h nolog ic al d v lop m nt p r ob l m, f or DS L t oo. T h u s, on t h on h and, t h d v lop m nt of mod ls f or c onc p t u al, x p r t and p r oc d u r al k now l d g, as w ll as of ap p r op r iat m t h od s f or k now l d g p r s nt at ion and manag m nt is s s n- t ial f or t h s u c c s s f u l u s of d f init DS L in p r ac t ic. O n t h ot h r h and, w w ou ld lik t o f oc u s in t h is c ont x t on t h d omain-s p c if ic lang u ag as an nv ir onm nt f or mod ling and manag ing inf or mat ion ob j c t s and p r ob l m s olv ing ac t ions f or t h p r s - nt at ion of ling u is t ic not ions. T h n x t s c t ion w ill c ons id r d if f r nt v i w s of a d o- main-s p c if ic lang u ag as a p r ob l m-s olv ing nv ir onm nt ( i.., a k ind of c ommu - nit y of p r ac t ic ), a c oll c t ion of int llig nt ag nt s [ 1 4 ], and as a c lu s t r of int r ac t ion mac h in s. S c t ion 3 w ill p r s nt t h A A c onc p t. S c t ion 4 w ill c onc nt r at on t h int r ac t iv A A ap p r oac h as a DS L d v lop m nt and imp l m nt at ion t ool b as d on t h p ar ad ig m of int r ac t iv c omp u t at ions. 2 Agnts, Intractiv Computations and Communitis of Practic D s ig n and imp l m nt at ion m t h od s f or s of t w ar -int ns iv s y s t ms h av u nd r g on a r mar k ab l v olu t ion d u r ing t h las t d c ad s. A lg or it h mic ap p r oac h in c omp u t r s c i nc and s of t w ar ng in r ing h as b n s u b s t it u t d b y int r ac t ion-c nt r d p ar a- d ig ms. I n ar t if ic ial int llig nc a s imilar s h if t, f r om log ic -b as d t o ag nt -b as d mod - ls, h as t ak n p lac. I nt r ac t ion-c nt r d s y s t ms ap p ar t o b mor p ow r f u l p r ob l m s olv r s t h an alg or it h m c nt r d. I t is als o s u g g s t d t h at alg or it h mic mod ls alon d o not s u f f ic t o x p r s s c r t ain x p c t d as p c t s of b h av ior of t od ay s s y s t ms. g. ab ilit y t o s lf -or g aniz t h int r ac t ion of it s c omp on nt s, t o ad ap t it s b h av ior t o t h c h ang s in it s nv ir onm nt, or in it s g oal f u nc t ion. M u lt i-ag nt ap p r oac h or knt i c s [ 1 5 ], is p r op os ing a n w d s ig n c onc p t f or s of t w ar t h knt i c p r o g r a m d s i g n b as d on t h c onc p t of int r ac t ing au t onomou s ag nt s. C onc p t u ally, ac h c omp o- n nt of a s y s t m c an b nv is ag d as a n a g nt w it h it s s k ills and it s g oals and w it h all t h ag nt s at t mp t ing t o r s p ond t h n d s of t h u s r of t h s y s t m. I nt r ac t ing au t onomou s ag nt s as a p ar ad ig m f or s of t w ar d s ig n s u g g s t t h ob v i- ou s id a t o mod l DS L as a c oll c t ion of ag nt s, i.. as a d is t r ib u t d ( ar t if ic ial) int llig nt s y s t m. E ac h c omp on nt of a s y s t m c an b nv is ag d as a n a g nt w it h it s s k ills and it s g oals and w it h all t h ag nt s at t mp t ing t o r s p ond t h n d s of t h u s r of t h s y s t m. T h is int r s t ing ap p r oac h l ad s t o t h p r ob l m of k n t ic d s ig n of a DS L p r oc s s or. W w ill c ons id r a ( d omain-s p c if ic ) lang u ag as a c oll c t ion of int r r - lat d au t onomou s not ions and, t h lang u ag p r oc s s or as a c lu s t r of int r ac t ing p r -

3 84 M r i k M r i s t, T õ n i s K l d r, J ü r i H l k i v i, L o M o t u s s i s t n t a g n t s i.. a multi- a g n t o f l a n g u a g n o t i o n s. W c o n s i d r t h a t k i n d o f m o d l - i n g f r a m w o r k a s a m t h o d o l o g i c a l l y s u i t a b l b a s i s f o r D S L d s i g n a n d d v l o p m n t t o o l s O n t h o t h r h a n d, a ( d o m a i n - s p c i f i c ) l a n g u a g c r t a i n l y i s a c o n s n s u a l c o l l c - t i o n o f n o t i o n s w h i c h f o r m s t h b a s i s o f t h p r o b l m s o l v i n g n v i r o n m n t f o r p a r t i c u - l a r c o m m u n i t i s o f p r a c t i c. T h c o n c p t o f c o mmun ity o f p r a c tic i s a c n t r a l c o n - c p t o f t h t h o r y o f s o c i a l l a r n i n g [ 1 6 ]. I n t h i s a p p r o a c h, t h p r i m a r y u n i t o f a n a l y s i s i s n i t h r t h i n d i v i d u a l n o r s o c i a l i n s t i t u t i o n b u t t h i n f o r m a l c o m m u n i t y o f p r a c t i c t h a t i s f o r m d f o r s o m a c t i v i t y. T h p a r t i c u l a r p r o b l m - s o l v i n g n v i r o n m n t ( h r D S L ) w i l l s r v a s a h a n d y t o o l t o t h x t n t t h a t i t s i m u l a t s a n d s u p p o r t s t h b a s i c n o t i o n s, p r i n c i p l s a n d x t n s i b i l i t y o f t h l a n g u a g a n d, t h r b y, i n t g r a t s t h k y c o m p o n n t s o f t h s c o m m u n i t i s o f p r a c t i c. I n t r m s o f i n t r a c t i v c o m p u t a t i o n s, t h c o m p u t a t i o n a l a g n t s a n d c o m m u n i t i s o f p r a c t i c a r a k i n d o f i n t r a c t i o n m a c h i n s, a s i n t r o d u c d b y P t r W g n r. T h o u g h i n t r a c t i o n m a c h i n s a r a s i m p l a n d o b v i o u s x t n s i o n o f T u r i n g m a c h i n s, t h i s s m a l l c h a n g i n c r a s s x p r s s i v n s s s o i t b c o m s t o o r i c h f o r m a t h m a t i c a l m o d - l s. I n t r a c t i o n m a c h i n s h a v s i n g l o r m u l t i p l i n t r a c t i o n s t r a m s a n d s y n c h r o n o u s o r a s y n c h r o n o u s a c t i o n s a n d c a n d i f f r a l o n g m a n y o t h r d i m n s i o n s [ 1 1 ]. I n g n r a l, i n t r a c t i v c o m p u t a t i o n i n v o l v s, u n l i k a l g o r i t h m i c c o m p u t a t i o n, d y - n a m i c i n t r a c t i o n s t r a m s o f c o m p u t a t i o n a l a g n t s [ 1 1, 1 3 ]. S u c h a c o m p u t a t i o n c a n b c o n s i d r d a s a k i n d o f d i s t r i b u t d c o n t r o l o f i n f o r m a t i o n s t r a m s a n d a g n t s a c t i v i t i s i n a d y n a m i c n v i r o n m n t [ 1 2 ]. A c l u s t r o f a g n t s o f t n s h o w s a b h a v i o r t h a t i s r a t h r c o m p l x a n d o r g a n i z d, d s p i t t h s i m p l i c i t y o f a c h s i n g l a g n t. I n t h i s a s p c t, x p l i c i t a p p l i c a t i o n o f i n t r a c t i v c o m p u t a t i o n s l a d s f r o m s y s t m s w i t h a l g o - r i t h m i c b h a v i o r t o s y s t m s w i t h i t h r s q u n t i a l i n t r a c t i v b h a v i o r ( a p a i r o f i n - t r a c t i n g a g n t s ) o r w i t h m u l t i - i n t r a c t i v b h a v i o r. T h i s o b s r v a t i o n c o n f o r m s p r - f c t l y t o t h s o f t w a r n g i n r i n g p r i n c i p l s o f p r o g r a m m i n g - i n - t h - l a r g a n d p r o - g r a m m i n g - i n - t h - s m a l l. M o r o v r, t h a g n t - b a s d a p p r o a c h i n ( d o m a i n - s p c i f i c ) l a n g u a g d s i g n a n d i m p l m n t a t i o n s m s x t r m l y i n t r i g u i n g i n t h c o n t x t o f t h s o b s r v a t i o n s. 3 Attributd Automata A t t r i b u t d a u t o m a t a w r i n t r o d u c d a s a m o d l o f x c u t a b l s p c i f i c a t i o n s b a s d o n r g u l a r s t r u c t u r s w i t h a t t r i b u t s a t t a c h d t o s t r u c t u r n o d s. R g u l a r i t y i s h r t r a t d i n t r m s o f f o r m a l l a n g u a g s p r i m i t i v i t m s c a n b c o m p o s d i n t o a s t r u c t u r b y m a n s o f c o n c a t n a t i o n, s l c t i o n a n d i t r a t i o n o p r a t i o n s. A t t r i b u t s s r v f o r t h p r s n t a t i o n o f c o n t x t u a l r l a t i o n s, a s w l l a s o f p r o p r t i s a n d m a n i n g o f u n d r l y - i n g c o n c p t s. A t t r i b u t d a u t o m a t o n i s a s t a t t r a n s i t i o n m a c h i n w i t h d i s t r i b u t d f i n i t m m o r y a t i t s s t a t s a n d s p c i f i d a t i t s t r a n s i t i o n s c o m p u t a t i o n s a n d c o m m u n i c a t i o n a c t i o n s. I n t h i s a s p c t, a n a t t r i b u t d a u t o m a t o n i s s i m p l y a g n r a l i z a t i o n o f a t r a d i t i o n a l f i n i t a u t o m a t o n w i t h a t t r i b u t s a n d c o m p u t a t i o n a l r l a t i o n s a t t a c h d t o s t a t s a n d t r a n s i - t i o n s o f t h a u t o m a t o n, r s p c t i v l y. A t t r i b u t d a u t o m a t o n i n t r m s o f f o r m a l l a n -

4 Domain-S p c if ic L ang u ag A g nt s 8 5 g u ag s is c ons id r d as a r c og niz r b as d on r g u l ar d at a s t r u c t u r s, t h r s p c t iv c l as s of f or mal g r ammar s is t h at of r g u l ar at t r ib u t g r ammar s [ 1 7 ]. C ons id r x amp l s of s y nt ax -d ir c t d r c og niz r s f or b inar y nu mb r s ( F ig. 1 ) and f or a c ont x t -s ns it iv l ang u ag ( F ig. 2 ). A t t r ib u t d au t omat on ( F ig. 1 ) r c og niz s b inar y nu mb r s and t h f inal at t r ib u t v al u a r p r s nt s t h d c imal v al u of t h b inar y nu mb r. I n anot h r au t omat on ( F ig. 2 ) at t r ib u t s ar in a d if f r nt r ol, t h y c ol l c t c ont x t u al inf or mat ion u s d in s om s t at s t o s l c t t h n x t t r ans it ion. A s ou r x amp l s d mons t r at, t h r ar al t r nat iv p os s ib il it i s t o c ons t r u c t t r ad it ional s y n- t ax -d ir c t d c omp il r s on t h b as is of s imp l r g u l ar at t r ib u t d s t r u c t u r s. a := 0 a := 2a 0 a 1. a := a; b := 0; c := 0 a := a b := 2b + 1 c := c a, b, c 0 a := a b := 2b; c := c + 1 a := 2a + 1 a := a a a := a + b 2 -c Fig. 1. Rcognizr of binary numbrs. k := 0 k := k + 1 a b k := k c b k := k c l := l l := 1 m := 1 k k, l k, l, m k k := k l := l + 1 k := k l : = l m := m + 1 k = l = m k := k k := k Fig. 2. Rcognizr of t h cont x t -snsit iv l anguag L = { a n b n c n n 0 }. T h r x is t s v r al x t ns ions of t h c onc p t of f init s t at mac h in w it h m mor y. A t t r ib u t d au t omat on c an b d is t ing u is h d among t h m b y d is t r ib u t d m mor y, i.. b y al l oc at ing m mor y t o t h s t at s of t h c omp u t at ion. Dis t r ib u t d m mor y t og t h r w it h t h l oc al d f init ion of d at a t r ans f or mat ion f u nc t ions h l p s t o d c omp os / c omp os an at t r ib u t d au t omat on. N ot t h at h i r ar c h ic al c omp os it ion f u nc t ions as a t ool f or t h ad q u at mod l ing of h i r ar c h ic al d at a s t r u c t u r s and h i r ar c h ic al c omp u t at ional s t r u c t u r s. T h is id a is r oot d in t h int r p r t ing au t omat a c onc p t, ap p l i d in V i nna m t h od f or d f ining p r og r amming l ang u ag s [ 1 8 ]. I n t h mod l ing of int r ac t iv s y s t ms it ap p ar s imp or t ant f or t h s y s t m t o r ac t ad q u at l y t o t h c h ang s in it s nv ir onm nt. T h s c h ang s c annot b p r d ic t d, s u c h a s y s t m is inh r nt l y i n t r ac t i v, i.. r s p ond s t o c h ang s in it s nv ir onm nt b y p r f or ming i n t r n al c h ang s, w h ic h, in t u r n, w il l b r g is t r d b y t h nv ir onm nt as s om int r nal v nt s of t h s y s t m. W c al l A A s imu l at ing int r ac t iv s y s t ms i n t r - ac t i v A A. I n t h s au t omat a, t h s q u nc of int r nal v nt s ( t r ans f or mat ions of at -

5 86 M r i k M r i s t, T õ n i s K l d r, J ü r i H l k i v i, L o M o t u s t r i b u t v a l u s ) w i l l b i n s o m m a n n r s y n c h r o n i z d w i t h x t r n a l v n t s i n t h n v i - r o n m n t. I n t r a c t i v a t t r i b u t d a u t o m a t a r p r s n t a c r t a i n k i n d o f multi- s tr a m in - t r a ctio n ma ch in s i n t r o d u c d b y W g n r [ 1 1, 1 2, 1 3 ]. F o r x a m p l, t h p a r s i n g o f D y c k l a n g u a g s [ 1 9 ] i s s o l v d b y i n t r a c t i v A A a s f o l l o w s ( F i g. 3 ). T h r g u l a r s t r u c t u r o f a s t r i n g i s r p r s n t d b y t h m o v s o f A A, c o u n t r s o f p a r n t h s s a r r p r s n t d a s a t t r i b u t s. A n i n t r a c t i v a u t o m a t o n i s c o n s t r u c t d f o r c o u n t i n g c r t a i n k i n d s o f p a r n t h s s ( [ ]. ( ), { } ). A u t o m a t a i n t r - a c t w i t h a c h o t h r f o r r c o g n i t i o n o f a s t r i n g o f p a r n t h s s. n=0 ( n=n+1; c=c ( n, c ) n, c n=n-1; c=c&(n>0) ) [ [ n=n-1; c=c&(n>0) n=n+1; c=c c = A (c) [ ] c = A (c) [ ] c = c&(n=0) c a) Accounting of p ar nth s is '( ' and ')': c' = A ( ) ( c) n=0 [ n=n+1; c=c [ n, c ] n, c n=n-1; c=c&(n>0) ] ( ( n=n-1; c=c&(n>0) n=n+1; c=c ( ) c = A (c) ( ) c = A (c) c = c&(n=0) c b ) Accounting of p ar nth s is '[ ' and '] ': c' = A [ ] ( c) Fig. 3. G r am m ar : S > S S ( ) ( S ) [ ] [ S ] 4 Intractiv Modling of Languags T h c o n s i d r a t i o n s d s c r i b d a b o v l d u s t o t h d s i g n a n d i m p l m n t a t i o n o f a s y s t m f o r t h v i s u a l d v l o p m n t o f i n t r a c t i v A A. S u c h a d v l o p m n t n v i r o n - m n t w i l l s r v a s a n i n s t r u m n t a l t o o l f o r t h d s i g n, a s w l l a s f o r t h i m p l m n t a - t i o n o f v a r i o u s a p p l i d s o f t w a r. T o q u o t P t r W g n r [ 1 1 ] : T h n g a t i v r s u l t t h a t i n t r a c t i v b h a v i o r i s n o t x p r s s i b l b y T u r i n g m a c h i n s d t r m i n s a p o s i t i v c h a l l n g t o d v l o p p r a c t i c a l m o d l s o f i n t r a c t i v c o m p u t a t i o n. M o r o v r, w a r n c o u r a g d b y o u r p i l o t p r a c t i c x p r i n c. I n t r a c t i v A A c o m p o s i t i o n s a r x p r s - s i v i n s o l v i n g n o n - a l g o r i t h m i c p r o b l m s. S o m a l g o r i t h m i c p r o b l m s c a n b m o r f f i c i n t l y s o l v d b y i n t r a c t i v t c h n i q u s.

6 Domain-S p c if ic L ang u ag A g nt s 8 7 T h b as ic int r ac t iv A A c omp os it ion t c h niq u s ar imp l m nt d in a p r ot ot y p s y s t m p r og r amm d in J av a. T h c ommu nic at ion t c h niq u ap p l i d is t h at of J av a M s s ag S r v ic ( J M S ). A u t omat a ar int r ac t ing b y s nd ing m s s ag s, b ot h p oint - t o-p oint and p u b l is h -and -s u b s c r ib m t h od s ar av ail ab l. S nd ing a m s s ag is t r at d as a s p ar at p r oc s s t h at c an af f c t t h v al u at ion of at t r ib u t s f or t h n x t s t at. A m s s ag c an b ac c p t d it h r in t h s y nc h r onou s mod ac c p t anc inc l u d d in t h s l c t ion p r oc s s of t h n x t s t at or, in t h as y nc h r onou s mod an ar r iv ing m s s ag init iat s a s p c if ic s p ar at p r oc s s of ac c p t anc, w h ic h in it s ow n t u r n may af f c t t h v al u s of at t r ib u t s. T h c ol l c t ion of int r ac t iv au t omat a d s ig n d t o s ol v a p r ob l m f or ms a c l u s t r of ag nt s, i.. a mu l t i-ag nt. M mb r ag nt s of a c l u s t r may b ac t iv at d as on c omp l t t as k on a c omp u t r or, as a d is t r ib u t d t as k. I n t h f ir s t c as, ag nt s c an x - c h ang inf or mat ion b y c ommon ( c l u s t r ) at t r ib u t s and m s s ag s, in t h s c ond c as onl y b y m s s ag s. A c l u s t r of ag nt s of t n s h ow s a b h av ior t h at is r at h r c omp l x and or g aniz d, d s p it t h s imp l ic it y of ac h s ing l ag nt. I n t h is as p c t, ap p l ic at ion of int r ac t iv A A ( as int r ac t ion mac h in s ) l ad s f r om s y s t ms w it h al g or it h mic b - h av ior t o s y s t ms w it h it h r s q u nt ial int r ac t iv b h av ior ( a p air of int r ac t ing ag nt s ) or w it h mu l t i-int r ac t iv b h av ior. T h is ob s r v at ion c onf or ms p r f c t l y t o t h s of t w ar ng in r ing p r inc ip l s of p r og r amming -in-t h -l ar g and p r og r amming -int h -s mal l. M or ov r, t h ag nt -b as d ap p r oac h in ( d omain-s p c if ic ) l ang u ag s d s ig n and imp l m nt at ion s ms x t r m l y int r ig u ing in t h c ont x t of t h s ob s r v at ions. O u r p r ot ot y p s y s t m of int r ac t iv A A ( an ag nt -b as d p r ob l m-s ol v ing nv ir onm nt ) is, in a s ns, a s y s t m of p r og r amming w h r t h s of t w ar is c ons t r u c t d b y m ans of c ol l ab or at iv ( int r ac t ing ) c omp u t at ional ag nt s. C omp on nt s c ons t r u c t d ar s av d as it ms of t h c ommon d at ab as of au t omat a ag nt s. F r om t h s p c if ic a- t ion of ag nt s of a p ar t ic u l ar t as k, a J av a-p r og r am w il l b c omp il d. N ot ions and t r ms ap p l i d in an au t omat on ar s p c if i d b y m ans of t h s o-c al l d axiom-c l as s s ( s p c if ic J av a-c l as s s, r p r s nt ing not ions of t h p r ob l m d omain). N ot ions ar imp l m nt d as p ar t ic u l ar n ot ion -c l as s s d r iv d f r om ax iom-c l as s s. T h ap p l ic at ion is d r iv d f r om p ar t ic u l ar not ion-c l as s s and c omp il d in t h c ont x t of c ons t r u c t s ( t r ms and not ions ), s p c if i d b y t h u s r. S u c h a s t y l of imp l m nt at ion s u p p or t s t h s y s t m s f l x ib il it y b y c h ang s in not ion-c l as s s n w p r op r t i s c an b int r od u c d t o t h c l u s t r as a w h ol. O n t h ot h r h and, at s om l v l, J av a-p r og r amming is n d d. F r om t h v i w p oint of l ang u ag imp l m nt at ion w t ak a not ion v i w of DS L d s ig n, in t h at a l ang u ag is d s ig n d as a s t of int r r l at d au t onomou s not ions. A l ang u ag p r oc s s or w il l b c ons t r u c t d as a c l u s t r of int r ac t iv A A ( ag nt s ) of l ang u ag not ions. A n ag nt " r p r s nt s " an ins t anc of a p ar t ic u l ar not ion, i.. t h not ion' s r p r s nt at ion, it s s t r u c t u r, p r op r t i s and m aning. T h t as k of t h not ion ag nt is t o s c u r t h ap p r op r iat t r ans l at ion/ int r p r t at ion of v r y not ion ins t anc in it s g iv n s p c if ic c ont x t. T h c ont x t u al and s t r u c t u r al r l at ions of t h not ions inc l u d d in a l ang u ag ar s p c if i d in t r ms of t h p r op r t i s of t h not ion ag nt and it s int r ac t ions w it h ot h r not ion ag nt s. I f n c s s ar y, t h not ion ag nt s w il l ap p l y ot h r ag nt s f or t r ad it ional s u b t as k s of s y nt ax -d ir c t d t r ans l at ion and c od g n r at ion. I n ot h r w or d s, an imp l m nt at ion of a l ang u ag is s p c if i d as a mu l t i-s t r am int r ac - t ion mac h in [ 1 2, 1 3 ]

7 88 M r i k M r i s t, T õ n i s K l d r, J ü r i H l k i v i, L o M o t u s A s a n x a m p l o f t h m u l t i - a g n t a p p r o a c h f o r D S L i n t h f r a m w o r k o f i n t r a c - t i v a t t r i b u t d a u t o m a t a, l t u s c o n s i d r a t i n y i n t r a c t i o n l a n g u a g f o r a n o n l i n t i c k t s a l s s y s t m. T h x a m p l p r o b l m i s b o r r o w d f r o m [ 2 0 ]. C u s t o m r s b u y t i c k t s f r o m a t i c k t s r v r. T h s r v r c o m m u n i c a t s o n l y w i t h s a l s a g n t s. C u s t o m r s c a n a s k t h a g n t f o r v a r i o u s s r v i c s. T h s s r v i c s i n c l u d r s r v i n g t i c k t s, p a y i n g f o r a n d g t t i n g t h r s r v d t i c k t s, a n d c a n c l i n g r s r v a t i o n s. T h l a n g u a g o f c o m m u - n i c a t i o n b t w n t h c u s t o m r s a n d a g n t s c o n s i s t s o f a c o u p l o f n o t i o n s o n l y, a s g i v n i n f i g u r 4. I m p l m n t a t i o n o f t h l a n g u a g b y a u t o m a t a i s g i v n i n f i g u r 5. Agnt Customr Tickt srvr Agnt Customr Customr > Agnt: want to buy, cancl_rs, pay Agnt > Customr: rsrvd, not approvd, cancld, tickts, sold_out, try_latr, too_many, quu_full Fig. 4. Agnt tickts sold out mssag not undrstood mssag not undrstood Wait inmssag pc. 1 rsrv Rqust inmssag pc. 2 tickts rsrvd Pay inmssag accpt tickts or rjct Ship rjct pc. 3 or pay inmssag pc. 4 mssag not undrstood mssag not undrstood Prcondition 1: Wait srvr failur ==> Wait want to buy ==> Rqust othrwis ==> Wait Prcondition 2: Rqust tickts availabl ==> Pay tickts sold out ==> Wait othrwis ==> Rqust Prcondition 3: Pay rqust accptd ==> Ship rqust rjctd ==> Ship othrwis ==> Pay Prcondition 4: Ship don ==> Wait othrwis ==> Ship Fig. 5.

8 Domain-S p c if ic L ang u ag A g nt s Conclusion t l t c t p f s s t s s t g l s t f t g t t t p s t s p T c u c t p c t l s t s s t t t t f t s u p p t t l s t u c t u t p l t s p f l f k f t s l ( p c l u s t t l l s l t c s l l l s f p c l u s A s t l u s, t L, t f s t p t l s v v g l t p s s c s v A s t l, l t t t s t u c t u s s t t t p s s s s c s c l t t l t s s t l p f t f l t s t t l Du r ing h as d ad h ar adig m or d ig ning of w ar y ms h as r adu al y h if d r om h al or it h m-c nt r d o h int r ac ion-c nt r d ap r oac h. I d a of ag nt -or i nt d of w ar ng in r ing is r ap idl y r ading. h r ial m h odol og ic al as of mod ing of w ar y ms is o w h at x nt h or mal m h ods or h r as onab r r ing of h r ob m domain. I nt r ac iv ag nt ap ar as a as ib b as ic r am w or or h d ig n and imp m nt at ion of domain-s if ic ) ang ag. I nt r ac iv r ans at ion mod nab o r at a mant ic al y r ic h r mod d w or d, al o or domain-s if ic ang ag. any ot h r ar if ic ial ang ag h DS oo, ar ir onl y ar ial y d ig n d, ol ing r adu al y in h r oc of ommu nic at ion and ob r at ion. an int r ac iv mod it ads o b r r r d y m, b r x r iv n and r du omp x it y. O n h ot h r h and, h inc omp n of h mod is inh r nt r ic or h r dom of mu i-ag nt d ig n, i.. it r mains an ar of r ans at ion R f r nc s A A : R S L : z D ( a L S 0 S a R R S A S A ) A A a ( A A A R z a 0 G A A R D S a A S R G S A A ( ) 0 G a D D S A a D D S R R R A 0 ( ) 0 S : a a R G D : ( ) a a L S 1. M r i s t, M., P n j a m, J.: t t r i b u t d F i n i t u t o m a t a. I n Proc. of Int. Workshop CC 9 2 on Com pil r-com pil r, p o r t s o f t h U n i v r s i t y o f P a d r b o r n 10 3, , p p M r i s t, M., P n j a m, J.: T o w a r d K n o w l d g - b a s d p c i f i c a t i o n s o f a n g u a g s. I n J.B a r d i n s,.b j o r n r E d s.), B l tic Com pu t r S ci nc, N C, 5 2, p r i n g r V r l a g, , p p M r i s t, M., P n j a m, J.: A ttrib u t d F init A u tom ta. s. p. C 2 3 / 9 1, I n s t i t u t o f C y b r n t i c s, E s t o n i a n c a d m y o f c i n c s, T a l l i n n, , 15 p. 4. M r i s t, M., P n j a m, J.: t t r i b u t d M o d l s o f C o m p u t i n g. Proc d ing s of th E stonia n A ca d m y of S ci nc s. E ng in ring, 1( 2, , p p M r i s t, M., P n j a m, J., V n, V.: M o d l s o f t t r i b u t d u t o m a t a. Inform tica, 9 1), , p p J u h o l a, M., M r i s t, M.: n t t r i b u t d u t o m a t o n f o r c o g n i i n g o f N y s t a g m u s E y M o v m n t s. IA PR Pa p rs on S tru ctu ra l nd S y nta ctic Pa tt rn R cog nition, B r n, , p p r ö n f o r s, T., M r i s t, M.: t t r i b u t d u t o m a t a i n P a t t r n c o g n i t i o n o f i g i t a l i g n a l s. Com pu t r M thod s nd Prog ra m s in B iom d icin, , p p K o s k i,., J u h o l a, M., M r i s t, M.: y n t a c t i c c o g n i t i o n o f E C i g n a l s b y t t r i b u t d F i n i t u t o m a t a. Pa tt rn R cog nition, , , p p r ö n f o r s, T.: N ov l M thod s of S y nta ctic Pa tt rn R cog nition for P k D t ction of A u d itory B ra inst m R spons s. o c t o r a l i s s r t a t i o n, U n i v r s i t y o f K u o p i o, P u b l i c a t i o n s C. N a t u r a l a n d E n v i r o n m n t a l c i n c s 2 8, K o s k i,.: O n S tru ctu ra l R cog nition nd A na l y sis M thod s A ppl i d to E CG S ig na l s. o c t o r a l i s s r t a t i o n, U n i v r s i t y o f T u r k u, C o m p u t r c i. s. p o r t s , W g n r, P.: W h y I n t r a c t i o n i s m o r P o w r f u l t h a n l g o r i t h m s. Com m u nica tions of th A CM, 4 5, , p p W g n r, P.: I n t r a c t i v o f t w a r T c h n o l o g y. I n H nd b ook of Com pu t r S ci nc nd E ng in ring, C C P r s s, W g n r, P., o l d i n,.: I n t r a c t i o n a s a F r a m w o r k f o r M o d l l i n g. I n C h n t a l d s. Conc ptu l M od l l ing : Cu rr nt Issu s nd F u tu r D ir ctions, , N C v o l

9 90 M r i k M r i s t, T õ n i s K l d r, J ü r i H l k i v i, L o M o t u s 14. W o o l d r i d g, M., J n n i n g s, N.R.: I n t l l i g n t a g n t s : t h o r y a n d p r a c t i c. Knowl d g E ng i - n r i ng R v i w, 10 ( 2 ), , p p F r b r, J.: M u lt i -A g nt S y s t m s. A d d i s o n - W s l y, W n g r, E.: C om m u ni t i s of P r a c t i c. C a m b r i d g U n i v r s i t y P r s s, L o n d o n, th 17. M r i s t, M., V n, V.: A t t r i b u t d A u t o m a t a a n d L a n g u a g R c o g n i z r s. I n : P r oc. of 4 S y m p os i u m on P r og r a m m i ng L a ng u a g s a nd S of t wa r T ools. V i s g r á d, H u n g a r y, J u n 9 10, , p O l l o n g r n, A.. D f i n i t i o n o f P r o g r a m m i n g L a n g u a g s b y I n t r p r t i n g A u t o m a t a. A c a d m i c P r s s, L o n d o n, G i n s b u r g, C., G r i b a c h, S.: D t r m i n i s t i c c o n t x t - f r l a n g u a g s. I nf or m. a nd C ont r ol, 9 ( 6 ), , p p W a n g, W., H i d v é g i, Z., B a i l y J r., A.D., W h i n s t o n, A.B.: E - P r o c s s D s i g n a n d A s s u r a n c U s i n g M o d l C h c k i n g. C om p u t r, 3 3 ( 10 ), , p p

First A S E M R e c to rs C o n f e re n c e : A sia E u ro p e H ig h e r E d u c a tio n L e a d e rsh ip D ia l o g u e Fre ie U n iv e rsitä t, B e rl in O c to b e r 2 7-2 9 2 0 0 8 G p A G e e a

More information

1.- L a m e j o r o p c ió n e s c l o na r e l d i s co ( s e e x p li c a r á d es p u é s ).

1.- L a m e j o r o p c ió n e s c l o na r e l d i s co ( s e e x p li c a r á d es p u é s ). PROCEDIMIENTO DE RECUPERACION Y COPIAS DE SEGURIDAD DEL CORTAFUEGOS LINUX P ar a p od e r re c u p e ra r nu e s t r o c o rt a f u e go s an t e un d es a s t r e ( r ot u r a d e l di s c o o d e l a

More information

Collaboration in Public H e alth be tw e e n U niv e rs ity of H e id e lbe rg and U niv e rs ity of D ar e s S alaam How t h e c oop e r a t i on e m e r g e d Informal c ont ac t s from e arly 1 9

More information

H ig h L e v e l O v e r v iew. S te p h a n M a rt in. S e n io r S y s te m A rc h i te ct

H ig h L e v e l O v e r v iew. S te p h a n M a rt in. S e n io r S y s te m A rc h i te ct H ig h L e v e l O v e r v iew S te p h a n M a rt in S e n io r S y s te m A rc h i te ct OPEN XCHANGE Architecture Overview A ge nda D es ig n G o als A rc h i te ct u re O ve rv i ew S c a l a b ili

More information

PSTN. Gateway. Switch. Supervisor PC. Ethernet LAN. IPCC Express SERVER. CallManager. IP Phone. IP Phone. Cust- DB

PSTN. Gateway. Switch. Supervisor PC. Ethernet LAN. IPCC Express SERVER. CallManager. IP Phone. IP Phone. Cust- DB M IPCC EXPRESS Product Solution (IPCC - IP Co n t a c t Ce n t e r ) E i n f ü h r u n g Ü b e r h u nd e r t M il l io ne n N u t ze r - P r o g no s e n zu f o l g e w e r d e n e s in d ie s e m J ah

More information

EM EA. D is trib u te d D e n ia l O f S e rv ic e

EM EA. D is trib u te d D e n ia l O f S e rv ic e EM EA S e c u rity D e p lo y m e n t F o ru m D e n ia l o f S e rv ic e U p d a te P e te r P ro v a rt C o n s u ltin g S E p p ro v a rt@ c is c o.c o m 1 A g e n d a T h re a t U p d a te IO S Es

More information

M P L S /V P N S e c u rity. 2 0 0 1, C is c o S y s te m s, In c. A ll rig h ts re s e rv e d.

M P L S /V P N S e c u rity. 2 0 0 1, C is c o S y s te m s, In c. A ll rig h ts re s e rv e d. M P L S /V P N S e c u rity M ic h a e l B e h rin g e r < m b e h rin g @ c is c o.c o m > M b e h rin g - M P L S S e c u rity 2 0 0 1, C is c o S y s te m s, In c. A ll rig h ts re s e rv e d. 1 W h

More information

«С e n tra l- A s ia n E le c tric - P o w e r C o rp o ra tio n», JS C

«С e n tra l- A s ia n E le c tric - P o w e r C o rp o ra tio n», JS C J o in t - s t o c k c o m p C E N T R A L - A S IA N E L E C T R IC P O W a n y E R C O R P O R A T IO N I n t e r n a l A u d i t P O L IC Y o f J o in t - S t o c k C o m p a n y C E N T R A L - A S

More information

w ith In fla m m a to r y B o w e l D ise a se. G a s tro in te s tin a l C lin ic, 2-8 -2, K a s h iw a z a, A g e o C ity, S a ita m a 3 6 2 -

w ith In fla m m a to r y B o w e l D ise a se. G a s tro in te s tin a l C lin ic, 2-8 -2, K a s h iw a z a, A g e o C ity, S a ita m a 3 6 2 - E ffic a c y o f S e le c tiv e M y e lo id L in e a g e L e u c o c y te D e p le tio n in P y o d e r m a G a n g re n o su m a n d P so r ia sis A sso c ia te d w ith In fla m m a to r y B o w e l D

More information

i n g S e c u r it y 3 1B# ; u r w e b a p p li c a tio n s f r o m ha c ke r s w ith t his å ] í d : L : g u id e Scanned by CamScanner

i n g S e c u r it y 3 1B# ; u r w e b a p p li c a tio n s f r o m ha c ke r s w ith t his å ] í d : L : g u id e Scanned by CamScanner í d : r ' " B o m m 1 E x p e r i e n c e L : i i n g S e c u r it y. 1-1B# ; u r w e b a p p li c a tio n s f r o m ha c ke r s w ith t his g u id e å ] - ew i c h P e t e r M u la e n PACKT ' TAÞ$Æo

More information

G ri d m on i tori n g w i th N A G I O S (*) (*) Work in collaboration with P. Lo Re, G. S av a and G. T ortone WP3-I CHEP 2000, N F N 10.02.2000 M e e t i n g, N a p l e s, 29.1 1.20 0 2 R o b e r 1

More information

Morningstar Document Research

Morningstar Document Research Morningstar Document Research FORM8-K EMC INSURANCE GROUP INC - EMCI Filed: May 11, 2016 (period: May 11, 2016) Report of unscheduled material events or corporate changes. The information contained herein

More information

W h a t is m e tro e th e rn e t

W h a t is m e tro e th e rn e t 110 tv c h a n n e ls to 10 0 0 0 0 u s e rs U lf V in n e ra s C is c o S y s te m s 2 0 0 2, C is c o S y s te m s, In c. A ll rig h ts re s e rv e d. 1 W h a t is m e tro e th e rn e t O b je c tiv

More information

CIS CO S Y S T E M S. G u ille rm o A g u irre, Cis c o Ch ile. 2 0 0 1, C is c o S y s te m s, In c. A ll rig h ts re s e rv e d.

CIS CO S Y S T E M S. G u ille rm o A g u irre, Cis c o Ch ile. 2 0 0 1, C is c o S y s te m s, In c. A ll rig h ts re s e rv e d. CIS CO S Y S T E M S A c c e s s T e c h n o lo g y T e le c o m /IT Co n n e c tiv ity W o rk s h o p G u ille rm o A g u irre, Cis c o Ch ile g m o.a g u irre @ c is c o.c o m S e s s io n N u m b e

More information

Campus Sustainability Assessment and Related Literature

Campus Sustainability Assessment and Related Literature Campus Sustainability Assessment and Related Literature An Annotated Bibliography and Resource Guide Andrew Nixon February 2002 Campus Sustainability Assessment Review Project Telephone: (616) 387-5626

More information

B a rn e y W a r f. U r b a n S tu d ie s, V o l. 3 2, N o. 2, 1 9 9 5 3 6 1 ±3 7 8

B a rn e y W a r f. U r b a n S tu d ie s, V o l. 3 2, N o. 2, 1 9 9 5 3 6 1 ±3 7 8 U r b a n S tu d ie s, V o l. 3 2, N o. 2, 1 9 9 5 3 6 1 ±3 7 8 T e le c o m m u n ic a t io n s a n d th e C h a n g in g G e o g r a p h ie s o f K n o w le d g e T r a n s m is s io n in th e L a te

More information

Unit 16 : Software Development Standards O b jec t ive T o p r o v id e a gu ide on ho w t o ac h iev e so f t wa r e p r o cess improvement through the use of software and systems engineering standards.

More information

The Business Case for D om aink ey s I d ent ified M ail Andy Spillane V ic e P r es ident, Y ah o o! M February 13, 2006 ail 1 Fighting Spam & Email Abuse R eq uir es a M ulti-fac eted Appr o ac h DomainKeys

More information

B rn m e d s rlig e b e h o v... 3 k o n o m i... 6. S s k e n d e tils k u d o g k o n o m is k frip la d s... 7 F o r ld re b e ta lin g...

B rn m e d s rlig e b e h o v... 3 k o n o m i... 6. S s k e n d e tils k u d o g k o n o m is k frip la d s... 7 F o r ld re b e ta lin g... V e lf rd s s e k re ta ria te t S a g s n r. 1 4 3 4 1 5 B re v id. 9 9 3 9 7 4 R e f. S O T H D ir. tlf. 4 6 3 1 4 0 0 9 s o fie t@ ro s k ild e.d k G o d k e n d e ls e s k rite rie r fo r p riv a tin

More information

ACE-1/onearm #show service-policy client-vips

ACE-1/onearm #show service-policy client-vips M A C E E x a m Basic Load Balancing Using O ne A r m M ode w it h S ou r ce N A T on t h e C isco A p p licat ion C ont r ol E ngine Goal Configure b a s ic l oa d b a l a nc ing (L a y er 3 ) w h ere

More information

A n d r e w S P o m e r a n tz, M D

A n d r e w S P o m e r a n tz, M D T e le h e a lth in V A : B r in g in g h e a lth c a r e to th e u n d e r s e r v e d in c lin ic a n d h o m e A n d r e w S P o m e r a n tz, M D N a tio n a l M e n ta l H e a lth D ir e c to r f

More information

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Pr o g r a m v a r e fo r tr a fik k b e r e g n in g e r b a s e r t p å b a s is k u r v e m e to d e n n M a tr ix * x M a tr ix E s ta lp h a B e ta ; n M a tr ix * z M a tr ix ; g e n M a tr ix X

More information

W Cisco Kompetanse eek end 2 0 0 8 SMB = Store Mu ll ii gg hh eter! Nina Gullerud ng ulleru@ c is c o. c o m 1 Vår E n t e r p r i s e e r f a r i n g... 2 S m å o g M e llo m s t o r e B e d r i f t e

More information

How to Subnet a Network How to use this paper Absolute Beginner: Read all Sections 1-4 N eed a q uick rev iew : Read Sections 2-4 J ust need a little h elp : Read Section 4 P a r t I : F o r t h e I P

More information

T ra d in g A c tiv ity o f F o re ig n In s titu tio n a l In v e s to rs a n d V o la tility

T ra d in g A c tiv ity o f F o re ig n In s titu tio n a l In v e s to rs a n d V o la tility T ra d in g A c tiv ity o f F o re ig n In s titu tio n a l In v e s to rs a n d V o la tility V. Ravi Ans human Indian Ins titute of Manag ement B ang alore Rajes h Chakrabarti Indian S chool of Bus ines

More information

SCHOOL PESTICIDE SAFETY AN D IN TEG R ATED PEST M AN AG EM EN T Statutes put into law by the Louisiana Department of Agriculture & Forestry to ensure the safety and well-being of children and school personnel

More information

J a re k G a w o r, J o e B e s te r, M a th e m a tic s & C o m p u te r. C o m p u ta tio n In s titu te,

J a re k G a w o r, J o e B e s te r, M a th e m a tic s & C o m p u te r. C o m p u ta tio n In s titu te, 1 4 th IE E E In te r n a tio n a l S y m p o s iu m o n H ig h P e r fo r m a n c e D is tr ib u te d C o m p u tin g (H P D C -1 4 ), R e s e a rc h T ria n g le P a rk, N C, 2 4-2 7 J u ly 2 0 0 5.

More information

O s OAM Requirements for 40/100 GE Eth ernet AI S? Gary Nicholl C is co S ys t e m I E E E 8 0 2. 3 b a T as k F orce M arch 1 8, 2 0 0 8 rlan d o, F L 1 O O O O Background E t h e r n e t i s r a p i

More information

UNDERSTANDING FLOW PROCESSING WITHIN THE CISCO ACE M ODULE Application de liv e r y pr odu cts can distr ib u te tr af f ic to applications and w e b se r v ice s u sing v ar y ing le v e ls of application

More information

G S e r v i c i o C i s c o S m a r t C a r e u ي a d e l L a b o r a t o r i o d e D e m o s t r a c i n R ل p i d a V e r s i n d e l S e r v i c i o C i s c o S m a r t C a r e : 1 4 ع l t i m a A c

More information

W Regional Cooperation in the Field of A u tom otiv e E ngineering in S ty ria Dr. Peter Riedler 2 9.1 1.2 0 1 1 i e n GmbH Graz B u s ines s S trategy S ty ria 2 0 2 0 H is tory 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9

More information

PRESS RELEASE Sw y x e m b r a c e s En t e r p r i s e m a r k e t w i t h l a u n c h o f n e w I P t e l e p h o n y p o r t f o l i o t h r o u g h a s i n g l e c o m m o n p l a t f o r m - New offerings

More information

Erfa rin g fra b y g g in g a v

Erfa rin g fra b y g g in g a v Erfa rin g fra b y g g in g a v m u ltim e d ia s y s te m e r Eirik M a u s e irik.m a u s @ n r.n o N R o g Im e d ia N o rs k R e g n e s e n tra l fo rs k n in g s in s titu tt in n e n a n v e n d

More information

OPENBARE ZITTING 1. U ni f o r m e a l g e m e ne p o l i t i e v e r o r d e ni ng e n p u nc t u e l e i m p l e m e nt a t i e GAS ( g e m e e nt e l i j k e a d m i ni s t r a t i e v e s a nc t i

More information

PRIMER TESTIMONIO. -F o l i o n ú m e r o 1 2 0. ḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋḋ ESC RITU RA NU MERO TREINTA.- E n l a c i u d a d d e B u e n os A i r e s, c a p i t a l d e l a R e p ú b l i c

More information

Emerging Security T h rea ts Maurizio Taffone m t affone@ c is c o. c om P rod uc t Manag er S ec urit y E urop ean Mark et s 1 Agenda Trends in Motivation E x ist ing t h rea t s a nd L e s s ons f r

More information

Device I n s t r u m en t a t io n E x a m p l es : I P S L A s & N et F l o w Presented by Emmanuel Tychon Techni cal M ark eti ng Eng i neer TU D resden, J anuary 1 7 th 2 0 0 7 1. C is co I O S I P

More information

M Mobile Based Clinical Decision Support System Bhudeb Chakravarti & Dr. Suman Bhusan Bhattacharyya Provider & Public Health Group, VBU-HL P S aty am C om puter S ervices L im ited Bhudeb_ C hak ravarti@

More information

Victims Compensation Claim Status of All Pending Claims and Claims Decided Within the Last Three Years

Victims Compensation Claim Status of All Pending Claims and Claims Decided Within the Last Three Years Claim#:021914-174 Initials: J.T. Last4SSN: 6996 DOB: 5/3/1970 Crime Date: 4/30/2013 Status: Claim is currently under review. Decision expected within 7 days Claim#:041715-334 Initials: M.S. Last4SSN: 2957

More information

M Fast forward into th e fu tu re Accelerating b u s ines s o p p o rtu nity and natio nal p ro s p erity Viktor Kovacs anaging D irecto r H u ngary & Ad riatic R egio n C h a n g e t h e w o r l d» O

More information

3 k t h R e m e A c c e s s b t t t V T T c h t h p V T. Cl ic e ot rad io ut on nex o PN unnel yp e and oose e ap rop riat e PN unnel Int erfac e. 4.

3 k t h R e m e A c c e s s b t t t V T T c h t h p V T. Cl ic e ot rad io ut on nex o PN unnel yp e and oose e ap rop riat e PN unnel Int erfac e. 4. C i s c o P r o f i l e C o n t a c t s & F e e d b a c k H e l p Cisc o SM B Sup p ort Assist ant Configure ASA/PIX as Easy VPN Server or Client H om e > W ork W it h M y Sec urit y D ev ic es > Cisc

More information

IntИg r a ti o n d e s s o l u ti o ns IB M e t C i s c o : C o l l a b o r a ti o n e t C o m m u ni c a ti o ns U ni f i Иe s ( U C 2 ) Mathieu in tr at Sales Business ev elop ent anag er om unic at

More information

Enterprise Data Center A c h itec tu re Consorzio Operativo Gruppo MPS Case S t u d y : P r o g et t o D i sast er R ec o v er y Milano, 7 Febbraio 2006 1 Il G r u p p o M P S L a B a n c a M o n t e d

More information

FORT WAYNE COMMUNITY SCHOOLS 12 00 SOUTH CLINTON STREET FORT WAYNE, IN 468 02 6:02 p.m. Ma r c h 2 3, 2 015 OFFICIAL P ROCEED ING S Ro l l Ca l l e a r d o f h o o l u e e o f t h e r t y m m u t y h o

More information

Workload Management Services. Data Management Services. Networking. Information Service. Fabric Management

Workload Management Services. Data Management Services. Networking. Information Service. Fabric Management The EU D a t a G r i d D a t a M a n a g em en t (EDG release 1.4.x) T h e Eu ro p ean Dat agri d P ro j ec t T eam http://www.e u - d a ta g r i d.o r g DataGrid is a p ro j e c t f u n de d b y th e

More information

C e r t ifie d Se c u r e W e b

C e r t ifie d Se c u r e W e b C r t ifi d S c u r W b Z r t ifizi r t Sic h r h it im W b 1 D l gat s N ic o las M ay n c o u r t, C EO, D r am lab T c h n o lo gi s A G M ar c -A n d r é B c k, C o n su lt an t, D r am lab T c h n

More information

I n la n d N a v ig a t io n a co n t r ib u t io n t o eco n o m y su st a i n a b i l i t y

I n la n d N a v ig a t io n a co n t r ib u t io n t o eco n o m y su st a i n a b i l i t y I n la n d N a v ig a t io n a co n t r ib u t io n t o eco n o m y su st a i n a b i l i t y and KB rl iak s iol mi a, hme t a ro cp hm a5 a 2k p0r0o 9f i,e ls hv oa nr t ds eu rmv oedye l o nf dae cr

More information

GlasCraft Air Motor Repair Kits

GlasCraft Air Motor Repair Kits Parts GlasCraft ir Motor Repair Kits 30393B ENG For replacing wear items used on GlasCraft air motors. For professional use only. Not for use in explosive atmospheres. Models M-325, M-500-02, GC2267, GC2273

More information

SIV for VoiceXM 3.0: a n g u a g e a n d A p p l ica t ion D es ig n C on s id era t ion s Ken Rehor C i s c o S y s t em s, I nc. krehor@cisco.com March 05, 2009 G VoiceXM Application Architecture PSTN

More information

m Future of learning Zehn J a hr e N et A c a d ei n E r f o l g s p r o g r a m Cisco E x p o 2 0 0 7 2 6. J u n i 2 0 0 7, M e sse W ie n C. D or n in g e r, b m u k k 1/ 12 P r e n t t z d e r p u t

More information

Software Quality Requirements and Evaluation, the ISO 25000 Series

Software Quality Requirements and Evaluation, the ISO 25000 Series Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890 Software Quality Requirements and Evaluation, the ISO 25000 Series PSM Technical Working Group February 2004 Dave Zubrow Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense Background

More information

Internationalization strategy of the SEPT Program Design of market-oriented training and ed u c ation p rod u c ts Utz D o r n b e r g e r ( Un i v e r s i ty o f L e i p zi g ) & N g u y e n T h i T h

More information

C o a t i a n P u b l i c D e b tm a n a g e m e n t a n d C h a l l e n g e s o f M a k e t D e v e l o p m e n t Z a g e bo 8 t h A p i l 2 0 1 1 h t t pdd w w wp i j fp h D p u b l i c2 d e b td S t

More information

Frederikshavn kommunale skolevæsen

Frederikshavn kommunale skolevæsen Frederikshavn kommunale skolevæsen Skoleåret 1969-70 V e d K: Hillers-Andersen k. s k o l e d i r e k t ø r o g Aage Christensen f u l d m æ g t i g ( Fr e d e rik sh av n E k sp r e s- T ry k k e rie

More information

AN EVALUATION OF SHORT TERM TREATMENT PROGRAM FOR PERSONS DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL 1978-1981. P. A. V a le s, Ph.D.

AN EVALUATION OF SHORT TERM TREATMENT PROGRAM FOR PERSONS DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL 1978-1981. P. A. V a le s, Ph.D. AN EVALUATION OF SHORT TERM TREATMENT PROGRAM FOR PERSONS DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL 1978-1981 P. A. V a le s, Ph.D. SYNOPSIS Two in d ep en d en t tre a tm e n t g ro u p s, p a r t ic ip

More information

Positioning 40 and 100 GbE in data center inter-sw itch l ink ap p l ications and 40GbE PM D recom m endations Adam Carter, Cisco Al essan dro B arb ieri, Cisco 1 m Data Center inter-s w itc h l ink ap

More information

Endomines - Ilomantsi Gold Project

Endomines - Ilomantsi Gold Project Endomines - Ilomantsi Gold Project Page 1 of 6 1 ILOMAN. AR E A 1 Lo c a t i o n 2 T e n u r e 3 G e o l o g y 4 E x p l o r a t i o n 5 R e s o u r c e s 6 Or e T e s t s 7 E n v i r o n 8 P l a n s OT

More information

Video og IP TV - h v or da n p هv ir k es n et t v er k en e? t t a d A c c o u n t M a n a g S P / T o m S m t Ole-P et er R s er elec eg en 1 Hva gjorde vi u t en T V.... 2 2 0 0 m il l s am t idige

More information

e Videobewaking ov er I P Marty K n o p e rt 1 A l l m z u l l b t g r u m a k h w k h w k z a l z r E p r m a r k t t c m a r k t Video vision: e vor en va n video en in de na ij e oek om st eb ik en

More information

1. Oblast rozvoj spolků a SU UK 1.1. Zvyšování kvalifikace Školení Zapojení do projektů Poradenství 1.2. Financování 1.2.1.

1. Oblast rozvoj spolků a SU UK 1.1. Zvyšování kvalifikace Školení Zapojení do projektů Poradenství 1.2. Financování 1.2.1. 1. O b l a s t r o z v o j s p o l k a S U U K 1. 1. Z v y š o v á n í k v a l i f i k a c e Š k o l e n í o S t u d e n t s k á u n i e U n i v e r z i t y K a r l o v y ( d á l e j e n S U U K ) z í

More information

Application Note: Cisco A S A - Ce r t if ica t e T o S S L V P N Con n e ct ion P r of il e Overview: T h i s a p p l i ca ti o n n o te e x p l a i n s h o w to co n f i g u r e th e A S A to a cco m

More information

B I N G O B I N G O. Hf Cd Na Nb Lr. I Fl Fr Mo Si. Ho Bi Ce Eu Ac. Md Co P Pa Tc. Uut Rh K N. Sb At Md H. Bh Cm H Bi Es. Mo Uus Lu P F.

B I N G O B I N G O. Hf Cd Na Nb Lr. I Fl Fr Mo Si. Ho Bi Ce Eu Ac. Md Co P Pa Tc. Uut Rh K N. Sb At Md H. Bh Cm H Bi Es. Mo Uus Lu P F. Hf Cd Na Nb Lr Ho Bi Ce u Ac I Fl Fr Mo i Md Co P Pa Tc Uut Rh K N Dy Cl N Am b At Md H Y Bh Cm H Bi s Mo Uus Lu P F Cu Ar Ag Mg K Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility - Office of cience ducation

More information

Using Predictive Modeling to Reduce Claims Losses in Auto Physical Damage

Using Predictive Modeling to Reduce Claims Losses in Auto Physical Damage Using Predictive Modeling to Reduce Claims Losses in Auto Physical Damage CAS Loss Reserve Seminar 23 Session 3 Private Passenger Automobile Insurance Frank Cacchione Carlos Ariza September 8, 23 Today

More information

SCO TT G LEA SO N D EM O Z G EB R E-

SCO TT G LEA SO N D EM O Z G EB R E- SCO TT G LEA SO N D EM O Z G EB R E- EG Z IA B H ER e d it o r s N ) LICA TIO N S A N D M ETH O D S t DVD N CLUDED C o n t e n Ls Pr e fa c e x v G l o b a l N a v i g a t i o n Sa t e llit e S y s t e

More information

IronPort Gateway Security Products The Leader in Communication Security Reiner Baumann IronPort Systems The Principles of Industry Leadership A n a l y s t L e a d e r s h i p R e c o g n i z e d a s t

More information

G d y n i a U s ł u g a r e j e s t r a c j i i p o m i a r u c z a s u u c z e s t n i k ó w i m p r e z s p o r t o w y c h G d y s k i e g o O r o d k a S p o r t u i R e k r e a c j i w r o k u 2 0

More information

III Bienal de Autismo Página 1 / 43

III Bienal de Autismo Página 1 / 43 III Bienal de Autismo Página 1 / 43 A Direcção da APPDA N ort e dá -v os as B oas V in das à I I I B ien al de Au t is m q u e es t a corres p on da à s v os s as ex p ect at iv as com o t em a em deb

More information

UFPA Brazil. d e R e d e s Ó p tic a s e s e u s Im p a c to s n o F u tu r o d a In te r n e t

UFPA Brazil. d e R e d e s Ó p tic a s e s e u s Im p a c to s n o F u tu r o d a In te r n e t A v a n ç o s n o P la n o d e C o n tr o le d e R e d e s Ó p tic a s e s e u s Im p a c to s n o F u tu r o d a In te r n e t A n to n io A b e lé m a b e le m @ u fp a.b r Agenda In tr o d u ç ã o C

More information

R e t r o f i t o f t C i r u n i s g e C o n t r o l

R e t r o f i t o f t C i r u n i s g e C o n t r o l R e t r o f i t o f t C i r u n i s g e C o n t r o l VB Sprinter D e s c r i p t i o n T h i s r e t r o f i t c o n s i s t s o f i n s t a l l i n g a c r u i s e c o n t r o l s wi t c h k i t i n

More information

8 / c S t a n d a r d w y m a g a ń - e g z a m i n c z e l a d n i c z y dla zawodu Ś L U S A R Z Kod z klasyfikacji zawodów i sp e cjaln oś ci dla p ot r ze b r yn ku p r acy Kod z klasyfikacji zawodów

More information

Put the human back in Human Resources.

Put the human back in Human Resources. Put the human back in Human Resources A Co m p l et e Hu m a n Ca p i t a l Ma n a g em en t So l u t i o n t h a t em p o w er s HR p r o f essi o n a l s t o m eet t h ei r co r p o r a t e o b j ect

More information

BLADE 12th Generation. Rafał Olszewski. Łukasz Matras

BLADE 12th Generation. Rafał Olszewski. Łukasz Matras BLADE 12th Generation Rafał Olszewski Łukasz Matras Jugowice, 15-11-2012 Gl o b a l M a r k e t i n g Dell PowerEdge M-Series Blade Server Portfolio M-Series Blades couple powerful computing capabilities

More information

Online Department Stores. What are we searching for?

Online Department Stores. What are we searching for? Online Department Stores What are we searching for? 2 3 CONTENTS Table of contents 02 Table of contents 03 Search 06 Fashion vs. footwear 04 A few key pieces 08 About SimilarWeb Stepping up the Competition

More information

Data Center end users for 40G/100G and market dy nami c s for 40G/100G on S M F Adam Carter Ci s c o 1 W Now that 40GbE is part of the IEEE 802.3ba there will be a wid er array of applic ation s that will

More information

C + + a G iriş 2. K o n tro l y a p ıla rı if/e ls e b re a k co n tin u e g o to sw itc h D ö n g ü le r w h ile d o -w h ile fo r

C + + a G iriş 2. K o n tro l y a p ıla rı if/e ls e b re a k co n tin u e g o to sw itc h D ö n g ü le r w h ile d o -w h ile fo r C + + a G iriş 2 K o n tro l y a p ıla rı if/e ls e b re a k co n tin u e g o to sw itc h D ö n g ü le r w h ile d o -w h ile fo r F o n k s iy o n la r N e d ir? N a s ıl k u lla n ılır? P ro to tip v

More information

proxy cert request dn, cert, Pkey, VOMS cred. (short lifetime) certificate: dn, ca, Pkey mod_ssl pre-process: parameters->

proxy cert request dn, cert, Pkey, VOMS cred. (short lifetime) certificate: dn, ca, Pkey mod_ssl pre-process: parameters-> Overview of the New S ec u rity M od el WP6 Meeting V I D t G R I D C o nf er enc e B r c el o ne, 1 2-1 5 M y 2 0 0 3 Overview focus is on VOMS C A d e t il s r e in D 7. 6 Se cur it y D e sig n proxy

More information

S y ste m s. T h e D atabase. D atabase m anagem e n t sy ste m

S y ste m s. T h e D atabase. D atabase m anagem e n t sy ste m 1 C h apte r 1 1 A D atabase M anagem e n t S y ste m s 1 D atabase M anagem e n t S y ste m s D atabase m anagem e n t sy ste m (D B M S ) S to re larg e co lle ctio n s o f d ata O rg anize th e d ata

More information

LASIK - P u b l i c a t i o n s b y D r. G u l a n i A r u n C. G u l a n i, M. D., M. S. Director: Gulani Vision Institute F orm er C h ief : C or nea, E x ter nal D isease & L aser -R ef r ac tiv e S

More information

C o m p u te r M o d e lin g o f M o le c u la r E le c tro n ic S tru c tu re

C o m p u te r M o d e lin g o f M o le c u la r E le c tro n ic S tru c tu re C o m p u te r M o d e lin g o f M o le c u la r E le c tro n ic S tru c tu re P e te r P u la y D e p a rtm e n t o f C h e m is try a n d B io c h e m is try, U n iv e rs ity o f A rk a n s a s, F a

More information

JCUT-3030/6090/1212/1218/1325/1530

JCUT-3030/6090/1212/1218/1325/1530 JCUT CNC ROUTER/CNC WOODWORKING MACHINE JCUT-3030/6090/1212/1218/1325/1530 RZNC-0501 Users Guide Chapter I Characteristic 1. Totally independent from PC platform; 2. Directly read files from U Disk; 3.

More information

1 9 / m S t a n d a r d w y m a g a ń - e g z a m i n m i s t r z o w s k i dla zawodu M E C H A N I K P O J A Z D Ó W S A M O C H O D O W Y C H Kod z klasyfikacji zawodów i sp e cjaln oś ci dla p ot r

More information

Vanguard Direct Deposit S e r v i c e. An easy, electronic way to deposit your pay at Va n g u a r d

Vanguard Direct Deposit S e r v i c e. An easy, electronic way to deposit your pay at Va n g u a r d Vanguard Direct Deposit S e r v i c e An easy, electronic way to deposit your pay at Va n g u a r d What Is Vanguard Direct Deposit S e r v i c e? Va n g u a rd Direct Deposit Se rv i c e is an electronic

More information

Understanding, Modelling and Improving the Software Process. Ian Sommerville 1995 Software Engineering, 5th edition. Chapter 31 Slide 1

Understanding, Modelling and Improving the Software Process. Ian Sommerville 1995 Software Engineering, 5th edition. Chapter 31 Slide 1 Process Improvement Understanding, Modelling and Improving the Software Process Ian Sommerville 1995 Software Engineering, 5th edition. Chapter 31 Slide 1 Process improvement Understanding existing processes

More information

Ontwikkelingen van R o u ter N etwer ken Fred Rabouw 1 3-t i e r R o u t e r N e t w e r k e n. Core: forwarden van grote h oeveel h eden data. D i s tri b u ti e: Cl as s i fi c eren en fi l teren A c

More information

Vom prozessorientierten Wissensmanagement zum intelligenten Engineering-Portal

Vom prozessorientierten Wissensmanagement zum intelligenten Engineering-Portal Vom prozessorientierten Wissensmanagement zum intelligenten Engineering-Portal Praxisbericht aus der Entwicklung von Hochauftriebsystemen für Verkehrsflugzeuge KnowTech Stuttgart, 24.-25.10.2012 Thomas

More information

d e f i n i c j i p o s t a w y, z w i z a n e j e s t t o m. i n. z t y m, i p o jі c i e t o

d e f i n i c j i p o s t a w y, z w i z a n e j e s t t o m. i n. z t y m, i p o jі c i e t o P o s t a w y s p o і e c z e t s t w a w o b e c o s у b n i e p e і n o s p r a w n y c h z e s z c z e g у l n y m u w z g lb d n i e n i e m o s у b z z e s p o і e m D o w n a T h e a t t i t uodf

More information

CORSO AVANZATO DI NEGOZIAZIONE Un laboratorio intensivo per lo sviluppo e la pratic a d elle c apac ità neg oz iali Scotwork Italia S.r.l. C op y rig h t 2 0 0 6 1 O I m p l t l t z o l N o z n n l h l

More information

Combinación de bandas óptima para la discriminación de sabanas colombianas, usando imagen Landsat ETM+ZYXWVUTSRQPONMLKJIHGFEDCB

Combinación de bandas óptima para la discriminación de sabanas colombianas, usando imagen Landsat ETM+ZYXWVUTSRQPONMLKJIHGFEDCB Combinación de bandas óptima para la discriminación de sabanas colombianas, usando imagen Landsat ETM+ZYXWVUTSRQPONMLKJIHGFEDCB O p t i m a l L a n d s a t E T M + b a n d 's c o m b i n a t i o n f o

More information

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans in Union Contracts

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans in Union Contracts Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans in Union Contracts Bulletin N o. 1187 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR James P. Mitchell, Secretary BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS Ewan Clague, Commissioner Health, Insurance,

More information

UNIK4250 Security in Distributed Systems University of Oslo Spring 2012. Part 7 Wireless Network Security

UNIK4250 Security in Distributed Systems University of Oslo Spring 2012. Part 7 Wireless Network Security UNIK4250 Security in Distributed Systems University of Oslo Spring 2012 Part 7 Wireless Network Security IEEE 802.11 IEEE 802 committee for LAN standards IEEE 802.11 formed in 1990 s charter to develop

More information

in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Masters Degree in Philosophical Foundat in Philosophical Theology

in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Masters Degree in Philosophical Foundat in Philosophical Theology DECOMPOSING MODERNITY Im ages o f Human E x is te n c e in th e w r itin g s o f E rn e s t B e c k e r B y S te p h e n W illiam M a rtin A TH ESIS in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Masters

More information

T c k D E GR EN S. R a p p o r t M o d u le Aa n g e m a a k t o p 19 /09 /2007 o m 09 :29 u u r BJB 06 013-0009 0 M /V. ja a r.

T c k D E GR EN S. R a p p o r t M o d u le Aa n g e m a a k t o p 19 /09 /2007 o m 09 :29 u u r BJB 06 013-0009 0 M /V. ja a r. D a t a b a n k m r in g R a p p o r t M Aa n g e m a a k t o p 19 /09 /2007 o m 09 :29 u u r I d e n t if ic a t ie v a n d e m S e c t o r BJB V o lg n r. 06 013-0009 0 V o o r z ie n in g N ie u w la

More information

Practice Writing the Letter A

Practice Writing the Letter A Aa Practice Writing the Letter A A a A a Write a in the blank to finish each word. c t re h d Write A in the blank to finish each word. nn US ndy Bb Practice Writing the Letter B B b B l P b Write b in

More information

Engenharia de Software

Engenharia de Software Engenharia de Software Gerenciamento de Projeto Ian Sommerville 2000 Software Engineering, 6th edition. Chapter 4 Slide 1 Gerenciamento de Projeto Organização, planejamento e agendamento de projetos de

More information

L a h ip e r t e n s ió n a r t e r ia l s e d e f in e c o m o u n n iv e l d e p r e s ió n a r t e r ia l s is t ó lic a ( P A S ) m a y o r o

L a h ip e r t e n s ió n a r t e r ia l s e d e f in e c o m o u n n iv e l d e p r e s ió n a r t e r ia l s is t ó lic a ( P A S ) m a y o r o V e r s i ó n P á g i n a 1 G U I A D E M A N E J O D E H I P E R T E N S I O N E S C E N C I A L 1. D E F I N I C I O N. L a h ip e r t e n s ió n a r t e r ia l s e d e f in e c o m o u n n iv e l d

More information

B.N. Bahadur Institute of Management Sciences, Manasag angotri, University of Mysore, Mysore.

B.N. Bahadur Institute of Management Sciences, Manasag angotri, University of Mysore, Mysore. 1 COURSE CURRICULUM & REGULATIONS GOVERNING MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (MBA) DEGREE COURSE W.E.F 2011 R E GU L A TION S 1. C o ur s e Tit le T he c ou r s e s ha ll b e ca l l ed Ma st e r o f Bu

More information

B A R M A G - F R I C T I O N U N I T

B A R M A G - F R I C T I O N U N I T B A R M A G - F R I C T I O N U N I T F R I C T I O N U N I T T P _ 8 MT - B A R - 1 1 0 1 F R I C T I O N U N I T T P _ 7 MT - B A R - 1 1 0 2 TYP E 7 F R I C T I O N G ж V DE MT - B A R - 1 1 0 2 A TYP

More information

Up c om i n g Events

Up c om i n g Events BCASA NEWSLETTER B o s to n C h a p te r o f th e A m e ric a n Sta tis tic a l A s s o c ia tio n Serving Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont Vo lu m e 2 9, N o. 3, J a n u

More information

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Weekly Progress Report on Recovery Act Spending

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Weekly Progress Report on Recovery Act Spending U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Weekly Progress Report on Recovery Act Spending by State and Program Report as of 3/7/2011 5:40:51 PM HUD's Weekly Recovery Act Progress Report: AK Grants

More information