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1 Selection and Sizing of Batteries for UPS Backup 875 Dearborn Drive Columbus, Ohio Tel: (614) Fax: (614)

7 Battery Charger Sizing Once a battery has been discharged, it is important to restore the battery to full charge as quickly as possible in order to be prepared for the next power outage and, in the case of all lead acid batteries, to prevent permanent damage to the battery. In general, a short term discharge battery can be recharged to 85% capacity in 8-10 times the discharge time. A long term discharge battery can be recharged to 85% capacity in a minimum of 8 hours provided the charger is sized properly. The following formula can be used to calculate battery charger size. Assuming the UPS is a float configuration where the charger also supplies the inverter with DC power. Equation 7 Charger size in Amps = I B x T D x K TR + I I + I A Where: Inverter VA x Power Factor I = Battery Current Required = B DC to AC Efficiency DCV Inverter VA x Power Factor I = Inverter Current Required = I I A = Any additional DC Loads in amperes DC to AC Efficiency Float Voltage T D = Battery Discharge (Run) Time in hours T R = Battery Recharge Time in hours Example Calculation: Determine the charger required for a 20kVA UPS with a 60 cell lead acid battery, no additional DC loads, 1 Hour backup and 8 hour recharge time. I B = 20,000VA x 0.8 PF = 171A V I I = 20,000VA x 0.8 PF = 143A V Then: I C = 171A x 1Hr x Hr + 143A I C = = 167.6Amps 7

8 References: Stationary Battery Division Johnson Controls, Sealed Lead Acid Batteries For UPS Application, Publication Stationary Battery Division Stationary Battery Division Stationary Battery Division C&D (Charter) Batteries C&D (Charter) Batteries Saft/Nife Incorporated Chloride Standby Batteries Chloride Standby Batteries Chloride Standby Batteries Graham, Alvin G., Johnson Controls, Rechargeable Batteries And Chargers - GeVCell, Publication R, November 1980 Johnson Controls, Lead Calcium Battery System Cell Equalization, Publication 41-30, 2R, November 1978 Johnson Controls, Recommended Periodic Inspection And Maintenance Activities, Publication Stationary Battery Installation & Operating Instructions, Publication Stationary Batteries, C&D Presents, Publication Nife Block Battery Technical Data, Publication V E Float Plate Standby Power Batteries, Instructions For Installation & Maintenance, Publication SEE-1195 Chloride Powersafe Batteries, Publication SPUK21 Stationary Lead Acid Battery Systems, Publication 50.00, Form 7636, January 1983 Chief Engineer The Battery Handbook, Ratelco, Inc. 8

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