LIFECYCLE EXPLORER TRAIL

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2 During key stage 1, pupils should be introduced to the processes of reproduction and growth in animals. This life cycle trail will take pupils on an adventure through ZSL London Zoo s B.U.G.S! exhibit, where pupils will have the opportunity to explore the life cycles of real animals. They will see animals at different stages of their life cycle, and be able to observe the changes that occur during growth. LIFECYCLE Learning Outcomes: Pupils will: Participate appropriately in discussions about living things. Form answers to questions based on their ideas and observations Gain an understanding that animals have offspring. Gain an understanding that animals grow and change throughout their life. KS1 Curriculum Links participate in discussion about what is read to them, taking turns and listening to what others say (Eng. Comprehension) using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions (KS1 working scientifically) notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults (Sci KS1) Key Questions: Why do you think bugs are important? How do you feel about bugs? Why do you feel that way? Do your friends feel the same? Which is your favourite bug and why? What questions do you have about bugs? How could you find out the answers? Can you find an animal that lays eggs? Encourage your pupils to identify different animals that lay eggs (e.g. birds, insects, fish) Which animal never grows up? Axolotl Can you find an animal which holds eggs in its mouth? Banggai Cardinal Fish

3 MAP + FACTS Follow the path and help your pupils complete the lifecycles trail. The pupils will be able to find some of the answers by looking at the animals and the information around their enclosure. Other information is provided on this page. 3. Jewel wasp The female wasp stings a cockroach to paralyse them and take away their free will (makes them like bug zombies!). She then lays her egg on its stomach. After 3 days, the larva hatch and feed on the paralysed cockroach. The larva then enters the pupal stage and form a cocoon inside the cockroach s body. The fully grown wasp then emerges from the cockroach s body. 1. Locusts The female locust lays her eggs in a hole in the soil. 2 weeks later a green grasshopper emerges from the egg. This is called a solitary grasshopper. When there isn t much food, they interact with other solitary grasshoppers and turn into the locust form, changing colour from green to yellow and black. The locusts can then form a swarm and attack crops. 4. Apple snails The apple snail lays bright pink eggs in clusters of on vegetation. After developing for 2 weeks, the baby snails hatch. Baby snails move towards the water. As the snail grows its shell cracks and splits to allow room for growth. 2. Praying Mantis The female praying mantis lays her eggs in a soft egg sac. Inside the egg sac the eggs develop into larvae. The baby praying mantis emerge from the egg sac as nymphs, these are fully formed, mini praying mantises. The nymphs grow and then moult their exoskeleton about 6 times before they are a fully matured adult with wings. In some species, after mating, the female eats the male. 5. Honey bee There are 3 types of honey bees in the colony, each with different jobs: The queen bee produces the eggs; worker bees are females who do not reproduce; drones are fertile males who attempt to mate with other queen bees. The queen bee produces eggs. The eggs develop into larvae, which hatch after 3-4 days. The larvae are fed by the worker bees. The larvae form a cocoon and enter the pupal stage. The adult bee then emerges.

4 ANSWERS... LIFECYCLE 1. Locusts (As you walk into B.U.G.S, locusts are located at the back of the main foyer) green grasshopper egg 2. Praying mantis locust (Walk towards the right of the locusts and follow the exhibits round to the back of the building) Some animals have a hard exoskeleton; these make it difficult for the animal to get bigger, so they need to shed these in order to grow. E O L N

5 3. Jewel Wasp (Along the same wall as the praying mantises) Colour in the jewel wasp blue, green and red (they live in tropical regions so there would be many coloured flowers in their natural habitat). sting Apple snail (Along the same wall as the praying mantises) out of the water (usually on vegetation but you may see some on the glass) Pupils count as many as they can.

6 5. Honey bees (Follow the path up the slight ramp and the honey bees exhibit is on the right)

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