The Cold War. Colder Relations. Warmer Relations YEAR. - US Drops 2 Atomic Bombs on Japan, Japanese Surrender

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1 The Cold ar During the waning hours of orld ar Two, a different type of war began. Cold ar of ideas and politics, of economies and technologies. The Cold ar was not one event, but rather a series of events connected together by the rivalry and polarization between the communist and capitalist systems. The Cold ar was fought by third parties in developing lands and by scientists and heroes in a race for the moon. It was the build up of nuclear arsenals and the delicate balance that kept the world from teetering. The timeline presents a brief summary of the major events of the Cold ar. reas of colder relation indicate times at which the ideologies and policies of the United States and the USS were at their most divisive, the warmer relations indicate times at which cultural exchange and cooperation helped ease the nuclear tension. armer elations Y Colder elations - US Drops 2 tomic Bombs on Japan, Japanese Surrender - Germany Surrenders, USS occupies astern Germany and astern urope - The Marshall Plan enacted, billions of $ in aid for 16 uropean nations Korea is occupied by the US in the South of the 38th parallel and the USS in the orth -Ho Chi Mihn declares an independent Viet am - inston Churchill, declares an "iron curtain" has drawn across astern urope - The Truman Doctrine, Truman asks Congress for aid to Greece and Turkey, $400 million in aid to defend against Communist rebels. - Berlin Blockade: USS blockades all access to est Berlin, US airlifts supplies. The Soviet blockade ends after nearly a year lger Hiss accused of being a Communist - Korea divided into Communist north and Democratic South TO: established on basis of

2 "collective security" - Geneva Summit: isenhower and Khrushchev discuss disarmament - Vice President ichard ixon tours the Soviet Union - ntarctica Treaty: nations agree to reserve ntarctica for scientific research, no military uses allowed The Communist People's epublic of China established - McCarthyism: Senator Joseph P. McCarthy claims Communists in the Department of State. HUC inquiries launched. - Korean ar: U defends South Korea after invasion from orth - US completes development of the Hydrogen Bomb - Korean ar ends in an armistice, border returns to 38th parallel - USS completes development of an Hydrogen bomb - STO: Southeast sian Treaty Organization formed for collective security in S sia - Democratic est Germany joins TO - Dienbienphu: French defeated in Vietnam - arsaw Pact: Communist collective security agreement formed to oppose TO - Hungarian evolution: Soviet forces crush Hungarian attempt to end Communist rule - isenhower Doctrine: US commits to stop Communist spread in Middle ast - USS launches Sputnik, first manmade satellite to orbit arth - Fear of USS missile superiority leads to large increases in spending - Fearing a "technology gap", S is formed - Cuban evolution: Fidel Castro leads a Communist coup in Cuba. US business interests are nationalized K O - Khrushchev visits United States, meets with isenhower at Camp David - U-2: US spy plane shot down over 1960 U.S.S.. Pilot Gary Powers exchanged for Soviet spy Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin: first

3 man to orbit the arth - Bay of Pigs: CI-trained Cuban exiles fail in invasion of Cuba - merican military advisors sent to aid South Vietnam - Kennedy pledges to put man on the moon before decade ends - Construction begins on the Berlin all, dividing the city of Berlin - Cuban Missile Crisis: US blockades Cuba over USS's stationing of nuclear missiles in Cuba. JFK demonstrates "Brinkmanship" USS removes missiles from Cuba, US removes missiles from Turkey - Limited Test Ban Treaty: agreement to outlaw nuclear tests under water and in space - Outer Space Treaty: US, USS and others limit military use of space - uclear rms onproliferation Treaty: agreement limiting distribution of nuclear material - John Glenn: first merican to orbit arth JFK is assassinated - Gulf of Tonkin esolution: Congress gives the President power to take "all 1964 necessary measures" to retaliate for. Viet am sinking US destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin - US ground combat troops begin to fight 1965 in Viet am ar ,000+ US soldiers in Viet am US forces in Viet am number 1/2 million - Moon Landing: eil rmstrong and "Buzz" ldrin are first men on the moon V I T M - Strategic rms Limitation Talks (SLT): US / USS begin process of arms limitation ixon Doctrine: US commits to allies defense, but will not defend third world - "Vietnamization " : US begins to lower troop levels and train S. Viet am to assume the war Protests against Viet am ar continue to increase - Pentagon Papers: ew York Times publishes classified documents from the Pentagon on Viet am - Detente Begins: ixon initiates dialogue and easing of tensions with the USS 1972 ixon visits Communist China: eginning of "normalized" relations etween the US and China, trade

4 - Moscow Summit: ixon becomes first D US President to visit Soviet Union - Paris ccords: end US involvement in T Viet am ar - US and Soviet astronauts link up in T space - SLT II: US / USS agreement on limits to long-range missiles - Geneva Summit: eagan and Gorbachev agree to a 50 percent reductions of nuclear arms ashington Summit: eagan and Gorbachev sign a treaty further limiting nuclear weapons numbers and development - USS agrees to withdraw its forces from fghanistan - Glasnost: Gorbachev's opening of the USS causes culural change and calls for further easing of party control - Berlin all Falls: Soviet control of astern urope is ended as satellite nations begin to break from Soviet Bloc D O F greements follow - Fall of Saigon:. Viet am captures S. Viet am capitol as merica withdraws - icaraguan evolution: Communist Sandinistas depose the dictator Somoza - USS Invades fghanistan: US protests with boycott of 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics and embargo, Detente ends, SLT II is not ratified - President onald egan calls the USS, "The vil mpire" - egan vows to "Spend the Soviets into the ground" - US Develops the MX Multiwarhead Missile - US begins development of the Strategic Defense Initiative(SDI) or "Star ars" missile defense system - Iran-Contra Scandal: US illegally provided aid to Contra rebels fighting the Communist Sandanistas in icaragua with money from arms sales to Iran

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