Beta Breeding and Genetics at East Lansing, Michigan: Molecular Methods, Genetic Diversity, and Trait Elucidation

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Beta Breeding and Genetics at East Lansing, Michigan: Molecular Methods, Genetic Diversity, and Trait Elucidation"

Transcription

1 Octber-December 2000 Beta Breeding and Genetics at East Lansing 97 Beta Breeding and Genetics at East Lansing, Michigan: Mlecular Methds, Genetic Diversity, and Trait Elucidatin J. Mitchell McGrath, Benild de ls Reyes and Jseph W. Saunders USDA-ARS, 494 Plant and Sil Science Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI ABSTRACT Variety and germplasm develpment and release have been the main gals f the USDA-ARS sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) breeding prgram at East Lansing, MI fr ver 70 years. Prgress has been made in imprving tlerance t Aphanmyces seedling disease, Cercspra leaf spt tlerance, RhizctOllia crwn and rt rt tlerance, herbicide resistance, and lw-tare (smth rt) rt mrphlgy. The genetic basis f these traits is nt well understd, and the current prgram seeks t identify genes that influence the expressin f disease, quality, and mrphlgical traits, and lcate them n beet chrmsmes. The ut-crssing nature fsugarbeet is nt well suited fr largescale genetic analyses. A strategy has been adpted that shuld allw genetic dissectin fa variety f traits thrugh standard genetic analyses. Briefly, a genetic male sterile seed parent that als carries a dminant self-fertility gene is paired with germplasm f interest. The resulting selffertile hybrid is self-pllinated t prduce a segregating F2 ppulatin, which is simultaneusly bserved fr segregatin f targeted traits and tested fr linkage f these traits using mlecular markers. Segregatin f malesterility and self-fertility genes in the F2 gives a range f ptins fr further characterizatin. In additin, this strategy allws relatively rapid intrductin ftraits frm wild and unadapted germplasm while simultaneusly

2 98 Jurnal f Sugar Beet Research Vl 37 N.4 determining the genetic basis fr nvel traits intrduced thrugh such crsses. Using this system will allw systematic explratin f linkage relatin-ships between agrnmic genes frm diverse germplasm surces and mlecular markers. Additinal Key Wrds: breeding systems, germplasm, mlecular markers. Histrical Perspective at East Lansing The USDA has been invlved with sugarbeet at East Lansing, Michigan fr ver 70 years. By J.G. LiJl f the USDA Agricultural Testing Labratry was prviding sugar and purity analyses fr the Farmers and Manufacturers Beet Sugar Assciatin, f Saginaw, MI (Buschlen, 1938). Abut H.L. Khls was hired by Michigan State Cllege t breed and evaluate hybrids fr Michigan (Khls, 1950). Althugh Khls' tenure in sugarbeet was relatively shrt. it is ntable that he created Michigan Hybrid 18. VF. Savitsky reprted recvering tw plants with mngerm seed frm a 1.6 hectare seed prductin field f Michigan Hybrid 18 in Oregn (McFarlane, 1993; Savitsky, 1950; Oldemeyer, 1998). Shrtly after WWII, GJ. Hgabam assumed agrnmic testing and breeding respnsibilities fr the USDA at East Lansing, until he retired in Hgabam cllabrated in develping germplasm with tlerance t Aphanmyces seed ling disease, Rhiwctnia crwn and rt rt, Cercspra leaf spt, as well as mngerm and CMS / O-type, resulting in the wide use f US H20 (Ce and Hgabam, 1971) and ther varieties in Michigan. Beginning in J.W. Saunders intrduced a bitechnlgical perspective t the prgram, initially fcusing n sht culture fr clnal prpagatin and sht regeneratin frm callus (Saunders, 1998), which has expanded t include smatic embrygenesis (Saunders and Tsai. 1999), and fr a time, smatic cell se lectin fr herbicide resistance (Saunders et a1.,1992). Frm 1982 t J.e. Theurer develped smth-rt, lw tare gentypes in cmbinatin with imprved agrnmic perfrmance and increased disease tlerance (Saunders et a/., 1999). J.M. McGrath assumed duties as a USDA Research Geneticist f r sugarbeet breeding and genetics in 1996, in part t cntinue prir activities but als t expand the fcus f the prgram by applying mlecular genetics t sugarbeet imprvement. Current Fcus and Prgram Develpment The missin f the USDA Agricultural Research Service is t prvide practical slutins t agricultural prblems f natinal scpe. Such slutins ften require lng-term cmmitments and high-risk appraches.

3 Octber-December 2000 Bela Breeding and Genetics at East Lansing 99 Sugarbeet imprvement is an area where the USDA-ARS has had a pivtal rle. The East Lansing prgram has three main bjectives: a) t cntinue the germplasm enhancement activities initiated in earlier years, b) t examine the genetics f agrnmic and disease resistance traits, and c) t examine prblems femergence and stand establishment. Each f these is inter-related, and the fcus in this paper is strategies bei!1g used t satisfy the secnd bjective. Beet has been eaten by humans fr thusands f years, either as a leafy vegetable r fleshy rt (Frd-Llyd and Williams, 1975). Wild beet, and related species, are endemic thrughut the Mediterranean regin and the maritime regins f Western and Nrthern Eurpe. Fr sugar, beet has a histry f abut 200 years, and much f the increase in sucrse percentage frm initial t current levels ccurred within the first 100 years (Fischer, 1989; Cke and Sctt, 1993). Ersin f genetic diversity in sugarbeet has been a cncern, since: a) sugarbeet has been selected frm a narrw funding ppulatin, b) selectin pressure fr increased sucrse cntent has been intense, and c) a limited number f varieties frmed the riginal germplasm base f breeding prgrams in the U.S. and elsewhere, riginally intrduced frm Eurpe. Als, recessive genes fr expressin f mngerm seed and cytplasmic male sterility are nearly universal in mdern cultivars, and this has impsed an additinal genetic bttleneck (Bsemark, 1993), as well as resulted in cytplasmic unifrmity in cmmercial hybrids wrldwide. Genetic bttlenecks during sugarbeet breeding have nt necessarily impacted genetic diversity as whle, since breeding prgrams have generally maintained allelic di versity by virtue f ppulatin imprvement appraches used during mst f the crp's histry. Selectin ver the past 80 years has sub-divided the genetic diversity int individual breeding ppulatins, at least amng germplasm releases in the U.S. (McGrath et a!., 1999). Genetic diversity in sugarbeet is clearly much less than in its wild prgenitrs, and it is likely that useful characters (e.g. disease resistances, seedling vigr, nutrient efficiency, phtsynthate partitining, etc.) may be extracted frm accessins available thrugh natinal and internatinal germplasm cnservatin rganizatins. Determining the genetic basis f a wide range f agrnmic traits and expanding the number and types f agrnmic genes available t sugarbeet breeders is a daunting task. Discvering genes fr agrnmic traits culd be cmbined with deplyment f these genes in enhanced germplasm, and significant benefits may result in a mdest timeframe. Shifting away frm sme f the traditinal breeding methds is required t merge gene discvery and deplyment. New appraches shuld be flexible enugh t be systematically applied t a large number f trait and

4 loa Jurnal f Sugnr Beet Research Vl 37 N.4 germplasm surces. A majr limitatin fr genetic analyses in beet is the presence f a cmplex self-incmpatibility system (Lundqvist et ai., 1973), and this generally limits generating sufficient seed f a single hybrid individual necessary t determine segregatin patterns. T circumvent this limitatin, the dminant self-fertility gene (Owen, 1942) is used as a central part f the East Lansing prgram. Using enfrced selfing, a large number f segregating ppulatins can be created frm crsses f single individuals, ne f which has the self-fertility gene, by placing pllen-prf bags n cnfirmed hybrids at flwering. Enfrcing crssing between parents relies n a recessive nuclear male-sterility gene that ensures all seed prduced n the mther plant are hybrid. Thrugh tl1is apprach, ver 50 hybrid cmbinatins have been made and ver 500 segregating ppulatins generated in the past tw years. An advantage f the self-fertility / male-sterility (Sf/ ms) apprach is the range f genetic materials generated. Mlecular marker analyses fit well with this scheme as each F, ppulatin is derived frm a single F[ hybrid plant. With a marker set cvering the genme at a reasnable density, each ppulatin can be gentyped. The marker infrmatin is used t develp hyptheses n the inheritance f traits via QTL-type appraches (Tanksley and Nelsn, 1996), and these hyptheses can be verified in F} r back-crss ppulatins derived frm selected F2 individuals. A disadvantage f the Sf / ms apprach is that segregatin distrtin will ccur at and near the self-incmpatibility lcus (lci) ifne f the parents is self-incmpatible. This is because the gametphytic incmpatibility system f beet will arrest grwth f pllen tubes expressing the same self-incmpatibility allele, such as wuld be expected during self-pllinatin. Culture f excised vules frm hybrids may allw recvery f self-sterile plants if they are desired fr ppulatin imprvement breeding appraches. Ideally, mlecular markers fr a trait shuld be genes invlved in the expressin f that trait. Current knwledge is incmplete regarding the numbers, lcatins, and gene actin fr mst sugarbeet characters. Until this infrmatin is available, expressed genes in general may be a gd substitute. We have begun t sequence expressed genes, with the aim t develp Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) fr germplasm evaluatin and characterizatin. Sequenced cdna clnes are currently used as RFLP markers, with PCR-based strategies t be develped frm cdna nucletide sequences and the genetic lci they detect. T date, we have sequenced ver 500 randmly islated cdna clnes (Table 1) frm tw libraries. These are searched fr sequence similarity t previusly characterized genes, and inspected fr 'candidate' genes presumed t be invlved in the expressin f a trait. Sucrse metablism genes frm many rganisms have been have been clned, fr example, and Schneider et al. (1999)

5 Table 1. Sugarbeet gene prducts identified thrugh nucletide sequencing and database searching. Number Functinal Class f ESTs Examples (e< 10 1 ) Amin Acid Metablism 36 (6.5%) Glutamine synthetase; Aspartate amintransferase; Phsphserine amintransferase; Alanine amintransferase; S-Adensylmethinine synthetase; S-Adensyl hmcysteinease; Ornithine amintransferase Carbhydrate Metablism 15 (2.7%) alpha-amylase; beta-amylase, 1-0-dexyxyllulse 5-phsphate synthase, UO P -gl ucurnl y Itransferase, cellulase, GO P- man nse pyrphsphry lase Mnsaccharide Metablism 28 (5.1 %) Fructse I,6-bisphsphatase; Malate dehydrgenase; Phsphfructkinase; Glyceraldehyde 3-phsphate dehydrgenase; Phsphglucnate dehydrgenase; Aldlase; Enlase; Sucrse-phsphate synthase Lipid Metablism 9 (1.6%) N-Acetylglucsaminyl-phsphatidylinsitl bisynthetic prtein; N myristyltransferase; AcetylCA carbxylase; Fatty acid hydrxylase Electrn Transprt 5 (0.9%) Cytchrme c; Ubiquinl-cytchrme c reductase; Ubiquinne Oxidreductase Phtsynthesis 8 (1.5%) RUBISCO; Mndehydrascrbate reductase; Phtsystem II 10 kd prtein (cntinued n next page) () <) 0 () 3 0.., N I:!:! '" is t:rl 0.. '" fio '" '"0.. Cl. V> rn OJ r-' OJ en 5 (JO

6 Table 1 (cntinued). Sugarbeet gene prducts identified thrugh nucletide sequencing and database searching. Number Functinal Class f ESTs Examples (e < 10 1 ) Membrane Transprt 29 (5.3%) Ca:?+ transprting ATPase; H+ transprting ATPase; Cu 2 + transprting ATPase; Ptassium transprt prtein; ABC-type transprt prtein; Prin; Amin acid/peptide transprter; Na+ /H+ exchanger prtein; Vacular H+ ATPase; Oxglutarate/Malate trans lcatr prtein Secndary Metablism 14 (2.5%) Sesquiterpene cyclase; Raucaffricine-O-beta-D-glucsidase; Pectinesterase; Caffeyl-CA O-methyltransferase Replicatin 3 (0. 1%) DNA plymerase; DNA gyrase Transcriptin Factr IS (2.7%) AP2 dmain-cntaining prtein; DREB2A; Myb-related prteins; bzip transcriptin factr tv '-< c.., ::l 0> ọ.,., VJ cr c e; c (j) (j) en '" (j) 0> ri :0 Translatin 26 (4.7%) Elngatin factrs (EFI-alpha; Tu); Initiatin factrs (EIF2, EIF4A, EIF5A) Histnes 8 (1.5%) H2B; H3; H4 Signal Transductin/ Prtein Kinase (cntinued n next page) 23 (4.2%) Calmdulin; Guanylate nucletide binding prtein; Serine-Threnine prtein kinase; Receptr prtein kinase; Mitgen-activated prtein kinase 2: w -.l Z? +>

7 Table} (cntinued). Sugarbeet gene prducts identified thrugh nucletide sequencing and database searching. Number Functinal Class f ESTs Examples (e < 1OJ) Envirnmental Stress-Related 43 (7.8%) Drught & salt inducible prteins (RAN 1, HAL3A, Di 19); Heat shck prteins (HSP70, HSP80. HSP90); Betaine-aldehyde dehydrgenase; Alchl dehydrgenase; PR-prtein (chitinase; PR3); Trehalse-6-phsphate synthase; Aluminum-induced prtein Ribsmal Prtein 68 (12.3%) 40S, 50S, 60S Miscellaneus 77 (14%) Actin: Tubulin; Ubiquitin; Extensin; Elastin: Nuclelin; Ubiquitin cnjugating enzyme; ATP Synthase; Prteasme assembly prteins; Phytase; AminacyltRNA synthetase; Histne deacetylase; RNAse: Maturase; Nucleside triphsphatase; Inrganic pyrphsphatase; Glutathine S-transferase Unknwn 175(31.8%) Ttal 55} () S (b b (b () (b a 0 0:> :s '" (b Q. C/O 0.> Q. (b n' '" t11 0> t"'"' 0> '" S' C/O 8

8 104 Jurnal f Sugar Beet Research Vl 37 NO.4 are using these as candidate genes invlved in sucrse accumulatin. Other strategies such as differential mrna display and representatinal difference analysis (Liang and Pardee, 1992; Lisitsyn et a!., 1995) may be useful in identifying differentially expressed genes, such as stress-induced genes during germinatin (de ls Reyes and McGrath, unpublished). Given an infrmative set f genetic markers, current technlgy wuld allw rapidly gentyping individuals in ppulatins. Mlecular marker prfiles fr each plant in a breeding ppulatin culd be dne prir t agrnmic evaluatin, if the current technlgies were develped fr beet. It is unlikely that any single ppulatin is ging t detect all genes invlved in trait expressin. Hwever, the cmbined pwer f multiple ppulatins, sites, and years will identify mst if nt all genes r alleles that cntribute t quantitative traits. Integrating this infrmatin will require a cmmn set f markers that are unifrmly distributed thrughut the genic poltin f the genme, and nes that are easily assayed with minimal cst. Analyzing the cmbined data sets will be challenging, and cmputatinal algrithms using artificial intelligence, fuzzy lgic, and data mining appraches, fr example, will need t be develped. Marker tags alne are f little value t the grwer r prcessr, s strategies t rapidly screen agrnmic perfrmance f segregating ppulatins will need t be implemented. Scring ppulatins fr agrnmic traits is a significant undertaking that is ften labr-intensive and subject t envirnmental variability. Imaging analysis and remte sensing are just beginning t be applied t agriculture and may shw prmise in scring traits. Imaging can analyze each plant individually, and make repeated measures f single plants ver time (e.g. nn-destructi ve testing), if munted n a mbile platfrm. An applicatin wuld fllw the curse f field emergence ver time, and perhaps pinpint critical aspects amenable fr a targeted breeding effrt. Imaging can als shw relative grwth rates, leaf area indices, and canpy cver changes during the grwing seasn. Cercspra leaf spt disease prgressin may be assessed with the same equipment. Other applicatins may be spectral analyses (hyper-spectral imaging) as early indicatrs f plant stress. Near-infrared reflectance spectrscpy may allw identificatin f specific mlecules such as secndary metablites and sucrse. Such capability wuld allw fr high-thrughput agrnmic evaluatin (e.g. screening large ppulatins cnsistently and rapidly), at least as a first apprximatin, which wuld help t refine breeding and selectin decisins. Such activities are beynd the current scpe and expertise f the USDA at East Lansing, but cllabratins t achieve these gals shuld be fstered. In summary, the emphasis f USDA prgram at East Lansing is shifting twards integratin f bitechnlgies fr sugarbeet imprvement.

9 Octber-December 2000 Beta Breeding and Genetics at East Lansing 105 A strategy has been develped which will be tested ver the cming years. Many pprtunities fr cllabratin exist nw and in the future (as they have in the past), and we appreciate the supprt f the sugar cmmunity in fstering past and future achievements. LITERATURE CITED Bsemark, N.O Genetics and breeding. p In D.A. Cke and RK. Sctt. (ed.) The sligar beet crp: Science int practice. Chapman and Hall, Lndn. Buschlen, M.J Beet variety trials in Michigan, Ohi, Indiana area. Prc. Am. Sc. Sugar Beet Techn!. I: Ce, G.E. and G.J. Hgabam. J971. Registratin f US H20 sugarbeet. Crp Sci. 11: 942. Cke, D.A. and RK. Sctt Intrductin. p. xiv-xix. In D.A. Cke and RK. Sctt, (ed.) The sugar beet crp: Science int practice. Chapman and Hall, Lndn. Fischer, H.E Origin f the 'Weisse Schlesische RUbe' (white Silesian beet) and resynthesis f sugar beet. Euphytica 41: Frd-Llyd, B.Y. and J.T. Williams A revisin f Beta sectin Vulgares (Chenpdiaceae), with new light n the rigin f cultivated beets. Bt. J. Linn. Sc. 71: Khls, H.L A genetic study f 17 FI hybrids and their inbred parents. Prc. Am. Sc. Sugar Beet Techn!. 6: Liang, P. and A. Pardee Differential display f eukarytic messenger RNA by means f plymerase chain reactin. Science 257: Lisitsyn, N., N. Lisitsyn, and M. Wigler Clning the differences between tw cmplex genmes. Science 259: Lundqvist, A., U. 0sterbye, K. Larsen, and, I. Linde-Laursen Cmplex self-incmpatibility systems in Ranunculus acris L. and Beta vulgaris L. Hereditas 74:

10 106 lurnal f Sugar Beet Research Vl 37 N.4 McFarlane,l.S The Savitsky stry. 1. Sugar Beet Res. 30: McGrath, 1.M., e.a. Derric, and Y. Yu Genetic diversity in selected, histrical USDA sugarbeet germplasm releases and Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima. Ther. App!. Genet. 98: Oldemeyer, R White gld mining: mngerm sugarbeet seed, a saga, finis. Sugar J. May, p.7. Owen, F.V Inheritance f crss- and self-sterility and self-fertility in Beta vulgaris. J. Agric. Res. 64: Saunders, 1.W Registratin f REL-l and REL-2 sugarbeet germplasms fr tissue culture genetic manipulatins. Crp Sci. 38: Saunders, 1.W., G. Acquaah, K.A. Renner, and W.P. Oley Mngenic dminant sulfnylurea resistance in sugarbeet frm smatic cell selectin. Crp Sci. 32: Saunders, 1.W., 1.M. McGrath, 1.M. Hallin, and 1.e. Theurer Registratin f SR94 sugarbeet germplasm with smth rt. Crp Sci. 39: 297. Saunders, 1.W. and C.J. Tsai Prductin f smatic embrys and shts frm sugarbeet callus: Effects f abscisic acid, ther grwth regulatrs, nitrgen surce, sucrse cncentratin and gentype. In Vitr Cel!. Deve!. Bi!. -Plants 35: Savitsky, VF Mngerm sugar beets in the United States. Prc. Am. Sc. Sugar Beet Techn!. 6: Schneider, K., D.C. Brchardt, R. Schafer-Pregl, N. Nagl, e. Glass, A. leppssn, C. Gebhardt, and F. Salamini PCR-based clning and segregattin analysis f functinal gene hmlgues in Beta vulgaris. Ml. Gen. Genet. 262: Tanksley, S.D. and J.e. Nelsn Advanced backcrss QTL analysis: a methd fr the simultaneus discvery and transfer f valuable QTLs frm unadapted germplasm int elite breeding lines. Ther. App!. Genet. 92:

Business Intelligence represents a fundamental shift in the purpose, objective and use of information

Business Intelligence represents a fundamental shift in the purpose, objective and use of information Overview f BI and rle f DW in BI Business Intelligence & Why is it ppular? Business Intelligence Steps Business Intelligence Cycle Example Scenaris State f Business Intelligence Business Intelligence Tls

More information

Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more of their own kind from one generation to the next.

Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more of their own kind from one generation to the next. Chapter 1: Bilgy and Yu Sectin 1: Themes f Bilgy Objectives: Relate the seven prperties f life t a living rganism. Describe seven themes that can help yu rganize what yu learn abut bilgy. Identify the

More information

ITIL Service Offerings & Agreement (SOA) Certification Program - 5 Days

ITIL Service Offerings & Agreement (SOA) Certification Program - 5 Days ITIL Service Offerings & Agreement (SOA) Certificatin Prgram - 5 Days Prgram Overview ITIL is a set f best practices guidance that has becme a wrldwide-adpted framewrk fr Infrmatin Technlgy Services Management

More information

Army DCIPS Employee Self-Report of Accomplishments Overview Revised July 2012

Army DCIPS Employee Self-Report of Accomplishments Overview Revised July 2012 Army DCIPS Emplyee Self-Reprt f Accmplishments Overview Revised July 2012 Table f Cntents Self-Reprt f Accmplishments Overview... 3 Understanding the Emplyee Self-Reprt f Accmplishments... 3 Thinking Abut

More information

Cross Agency Priority Goal Quarterly Progress Update

Cross Agency Priority Goal Quarterly Progress Update Crss Agency Pririty Gal Quarterly Prgress Update Shared Services Gal Leaders: Krysta Harden, Deputy Secretary, US Department f Agriculture; Dave Mader, Cntrller, Office f Federal Financial Management,

More information

Kaiser Permanente Goal Setting Overview and Template

Kaiser Permanente Goal Setting Overview and Template Kaiser Permanente Gal Setting Overview and Template Gal Setting Overview Each and every emplyee, manager, physician, and leader plays a crucial rle in helping Kaiser Permanente t achieve its gals. This

More information

Change Management Process

Change Management Process Change Management Prcess B1.10 Change Management Prcess 1. Intrductin This plicy utlines [Yur Cmpany] s apprach t managing change within the rganisatin. All changes in strategy, activities and prcesses

More information

NEW STRATEGY FOR BRAIN REPAIR IN MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. By Dr. Veronique Miron, Ph.D. Postdoctoral fellow,

NEW STRATEGY FOR BRAIN REPAIR IN MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. By Dr. Veronique Miron, Ph.D. Postdoctoral fellow, NEW STRATEGY FOR BRAIN REPAIR IN MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS By Dr. Vernique Mirn, Ph.D. Pstdctral fellw, MRC Centre fr Regenerative Medicine, The University f Edinburgh www.crm.ed.ac.uk Multiple sclersis is caused

More information

Within the program, students combine two or more areas of study into one interdisciplinary program. Current program options include:

Within the program, students combine two or more areas of study into one interdisciplinary program. Current program options include: Liberal Studies 2010-11 Prgram Descriptin Eastern Oregn University s Liberal Studies prgram ffers students an pprtunity t devise a persnalized prgram f study in an interdisciplinary apprach relevant t

More information

Balfour Beatty Utility Solutions

Balfour Beatty Utility Solutions Balfur Beatty Utility Slutins Prject wner: Jhn Matthews, Senir Quality Manager Prject name/system name: Balfur Beatty Utility Slutins Management System Objectives Initial bjectives Balfur Beatty Utility

More information

FHWA Compliance Assessment Program (CAP) Guidance

FHWA Compliance Assessment Program (CAP) Guidance See 2015 updates at http://www.fhwa.dt.gv/federalaid/stewardship/feb2015update.cfm FHWA Cmpliance Assessment Prgram (CAP) Guidance Backgrund ed ed The gal f risk-based prject stewardship and versight is

More information

REQUEST FOR APPLICATIONS (RFA)

REQUEST FOR APPLICATIONS (RFA) REQUEST FOR APPLICATIONS (RFA) The RCPNC is accepting grant applicatins fr prjects that use creative strategies t imprve crdinatin amng USDA-FNS Child Nutritin prgrams and ther nutritin assistance prgrams.

More information

Mobile Telecom Expense Management

Mobile Telecom Expense Management Mbile Telecm Expense Management Quick Start Mbile Telecm Expense Management Intrductin The BT Mbile Telecm Expense Management Quick Start Service is part BT Managed Mbility Expenses* BT s suite f telecm

More information

Equal Pay Audit 2014 Summary

Equal Pay Audit 2014 Summary Equal Pay Audit 2014 Summary Abut the dcument The fllwing summary is an abridged versin f Ofcm s equal pay audit 2014. In the full versin f the reprt we set ut ur key findings, cmment n any issues arising

More information

Application for Inclusion of a Developed Practice Area in Professional Psychology for Purposes of Doctoral and Internship Program Accreditation

Application for Inclusion of a Developed Practice Area in Professional Psychology for Purposes of Doctoral and Internship Program Accreditation Applicatin fr Inclusin f a Develped Practice Area in Prfessinal Psychlgy fr Purpses f Dctral and Internship Prgram Accreditatin Cmmittee n Accreditatin c/ Office f Prgram Cnsultatin and Accreditatin Educatin

More information

A Walk on the Human Performance Side Part I

A Walk on the Human Performance Side Part I A Walk n the Human Perfrmance Side Part I Perfrmance Architects have a license t snp. We are in the business f supprting ur client rganizatins in their quest fr results that meet r exceed gals. We accmplish

More information

The Importance of Market Research

The Importance of Market Research The Imprtance f Market Research 1. What is market research? Successful businesses have extensive knwledge f their custmers and their cmpetitrs. Market research is the prcess f gathering infrmatin which

More information

The Importance Advanced Data Collection System Maintenance. Berry Drijsen Global Service Business Manager. knowledge to shape your future

The Importance Advanced Data Collection System Maintenance. Berry Drijsen Global Service Business Manager. knowledge to shape your future The Imprtance Advanced Data Cllectin System Maintenance Berry Drijsen Glbal Service Business Manager WHITE PAPER knwledge t shape yur future The Imprtance Advanced Data Cllectin System Maintenance Cntents

More information

Module 2: Nitrogen Management. To view the chapter for this topic click here.

Module 2: Nitrogen Management. To view the chapter for this topic click here. Mdule 2: Nitrgen Management T view the chapter fr this tpic click here. Mdule 2: Nitrgen Management Intrductin Nitrgen (N) is essential fr plant grwth: part f every living cell cmpnent f all amin acids

More information

High Level Meeting on National Drought Policy (HMNDP) CICG, Geneva 11-15 March 2013

High Level Meeting on National Drought Policy (HMNDP) CICG, Geneva 11-15 March 2013 High Level Meeting n Natinal Drught Plicy (HMNDP) CICG, Geneva 11-15 March 2013 Plicy Dcument: Natinal Drught Management Plicy United Natins Cnventin t Cmbat Desertificatin (UNCCD) Fd and Agriculture Organizatin

More information

NHPCO Guidelines for Using CAHPS Hospice Survey Results

NHPCO Guidelines for Using CAHPS Hospice Survey Results Intrductin NHPCO Guidelines fr Using CAHPS Hspice Survey Results The Centers fr Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has develped the Cnsumer Assessment f Healthcare Prviders and Systems (CAHPS ) Hspice

More information

Baltimore Conference Call with Director of Student Services 11-18-13

Baltimore Conference Call with Director of Student Services 11-18-13 Baltimre Cnference Call with Directr f Student Services 11-18-13 80,000 students 85% FRL Cntent f Cde Had 26,000 suspensins per year --- had a 24% drp in Year 1 after Cde changed Suspensin nw used as last

More information

Direct Marketing Production Printing & Value-Added Services: A strategy for growth

Direct Marketing Production Printing & Value-Added Services: A strategy for growth A Queste Cmpany Direct Marketing Prductin Printing & Value-Added Services: A strategy fr grwth Prductin Printing & Media A Multi-Client Study Direct Marketing Prductin Printing & Value-Added Services:

More information

How ISO 9001 and Support Sarbanes-Oxley Compliance. By Sandford Liebesman

How ISO 9001 and Support Sarbanes-Oxley Compliance. By Sandford Liebesman Change Management Cnsulting, Inc. Transfrming Businesses Wrldwide Hw ISO 9001 and 14001 Supprt Sarbanes-Oxley Cmpliance By Sandfrd Liebesman Intrductin In September 2005, I published an article in Quality

More information

University of Toronto Interprofessional Education Curriculum/Program

University of Toronto Interprofessional Education Curriculum/Program University f Trnt Interprfessinal Educatin Curriculum/Prgram The University f Trnt (UT), building n its rich histry f interprfessinal educatin (IPE), develped an IPE curriculum fr eleven f its health science

More information

Sample Role Description Immunization Information System (IIS) Testing Analyst

Sample Role Description Immunization Information System (IIS) Testing Analyst Sample Rle Descriptin Immunizatin Infrmatin System (IIS) Testing Analyst Nte: This rle descriptin is meant t ffer sample language and a cmprehensive list f ptential desired respnsibilities with crrespnding

More information

ITIL Release Control & Validation (RCV) Certification Program - 5 Days

ITIL Release Control & Validation (RCV) Certification Program - 5 Days ITIL Release Cntrl & Validatin (RCV) Certificatin Prgram - 5 Days Prgram Overview ITIL is a set f best practices guidance that has becme a wrldwide-adpted framewrk fr Infrmatin Technlgy Services Management

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES fr PEST MANAGEMENT Pesticides can be classified int tw brad categries: insecticides and herbicides. In rder t effectively cntrl any pest, prper identificatin and understanding

More information

TOWARD INNOVATIVE MOLECULAR APPLICATIONS & NETWORKING MEMBS 2016 PRESENTATION

TOWARD INNOVATIVE MOLECULAR APPLICATIONS & NETWORKING MEMBS 2016 PRESENTATION TOWARD INNOVATIVE MOLECULAR APPLICATIONS & NETWORKING MEMBS 2016 PRESENTATION WHY MOLECULAR? Mlecular bilgy lks at the mlecular mechanisms behind prcesses such as replicatin, transcriptin, translatin and

More information

Case Study. Sonata develops. comprehensive BI Application for a leading provider of Animal Nutrition Solutions. Ananthakrishnan

Case Study. Sonata develops. comprehensive BI Application for a leading provider of Animal Nutrition Solutions. Ananthakrishnan Case Study Ananthakrishnan Snata develps J Architect, Snata Sftware cmprehensive BI Applicatin fr a leading prvider f Animal Nutritin Slutins Snata Sftware Limited www.snata-sftware.cm www.snata-sftware.cm

More information

Executive Summary DIABETES MELLITUS AND GLUCOSE CONTROL BIOTECHNOLOGY INNOVATION IN DIABETES: INSULIN ANALOGS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Executive Summary DIABETES MELLITUS AND GLUCOSE CONTROL BIOTECHNOLOGY INNOVATION IN DIABETES: INSULIN ANALOGS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Executive Summary DIABETES MELLITUS AND GLUCOSE CONTROL Diabetes is widely acknwledged as an immense and grwing public health prblem. The disease is assciated with increased risk f death, decreased quality

More information

Times Table Activities: Multiplication

Times Table Activities: Multiplication Tny Attwd, 2012 Times Table Activities: Multiplicatin Times tables can be taught t many children simply as a cncept that is there with n explanatin as t hw r why it is there. And mst children will find

More information

Impact of Data Storage Technologies in Key Sectors (Technical Insights)

Impact of Data Storage Technologies in Key Sectors (Technical Insights) Impact f Data Strage Technlgies in Key Sectrs (Technical Insights) Unleashing newer applicatins with advanced data strage technlgies June, 2015 Cntents Cntent Slide N. Executive Summary 4 Research Outline

More information

Implementing an electronic document and records management system using SharePoint 7

Implementing an electronic document and records management system using SharePoint 7 Reprt title Agenda item Implementing an electrnic dcument and recrds management system using SharePint 7 Meeting Finance, Prcurement & Prperty Cmmittee 16 June 2008 Date Reprt by Dcument Number Head f

More information

Web Development the Next Steps

Web Development the Next Steps Web Develpment the Next Steps Significant prgress has been made n the redesign f the Western Washingtn University hme page. The ATUS Web Services team has wrked hard in cllabratin with the University Cmmunicatins

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MERCED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MERCED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MERCED PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES REFERENCES AND RELATED POLICIES A. UC PPSM 2 -Definitin f Terms B. UC PPSM 12 -Nndiscriminatin in Emplyment C. UC PPSM 14 -Affirmative

More information

To transform information into knowledge- a firm must expend additional resources to discover, patterns, rules, and context where the knowledge works

To transform information into knowledge- a firm must expend additional resources to discover, patterns, rules, and context where the knowledge works Chapter 15- Managing Knwledge Knwledge Management Landscape Knwledge management systems- supprt the creatin, capture, strage, and disseminatin f firm expertise and knwledge, have becme ne f the fastest-grwing

More information

Job Classification Details Department Job Function Job Family Job Title Job Code Salary Level

Job Classification Details Department Job Function Job Family Job Title Job Code Salary Level Jb Classificatin Details Department Jb Functin Jb Family Jb Title Jb Cde Salary Level Chief Diversity Office Marketing, Cmmunicatins, & Outreach Cmmunicatin/Cnstituent Relatins Cmmunicatins Crdinatr PMP1

More information

The Ohio Board of Regents Credit When It s Due process identifies students who

The Ohio Board of Regents Credit When It s Due process identifies students who Credit When It s Due/ Reverse Transfer FAQ fr students Ohi is participating in a natinal grant initiative, Credit When It s Due, designed t implement reverse-transfer, which is a prcess t award assciate

More information

Conversations of Performance Management

Conversations of Performance Management Cnversatins f Perfrmance Management Perfrmance Management at Ohi State The Secnd Cnversatin ~ Develpment 2011 The Ohi State University Office f Human Resurces Cntents Intrductin Welcme t Develping Emplyees...

More information

LEED Rating System Development

LEED Rating System Development LEED Rating System Develpment Why are the LEED rating systems being updated? The hallmark f LEED and its ability t affect market transfrmatin is its cntinuus imprvement cycle that enables the rating system

More information

RI Student Loan Authority

RI Student Loan Authority RI Student Lan Authrity Executive Summary f Strategic Plan Apprved by RISLA Bard f Directrs Octber 17, 2014 Missin Statement: Cnsistent with the authrity granted by the General Assembly f the State f Rhde

More information

How Hillwatch E-Services Uses Best Practices Benchmarking and the Balanced Scorecard

How Hillwatch E-Services Uses Best Practices Benchmarking and the Balanced Scorecard White Paper Hillwatch E-Impact Benchmark and Visitr Pattern Analytics Alignment With Gvernment Web Asset Perfrmance Measurement Hw Hillwatch E-Services Uses Best Practices Benchmarking and the Balanced

More information

Design for securability Applying engineering principles to the design of security architectures

Design for securability Applying engineering principles to the design of security architectures Design fr securability Applying engineering principles t the design f security architectures Amund Hunstad Phne number: + 46 13 37 81 18 Fax: + 46 13 37 85 50 Email: amund@fi.se Jnas Hallberg Phne number:

More information

IRCA Briefing note: ISO/FDIS 19011:2011 Guidelines for auditing management systems

IRCA Briefing note: ISO/FDIS 19011:2011 Guidelines for auditing management systems IRCA Briefing nte: ISO/FDIS 19011:2011 Guidelines fr auditing management systems Intrductin The Internatinal Register f Certificated Auditrs (IRCA) has prepared this briefing nte t cmmunicate t IRCA Certificated

More information

ITIL V3 Service Offerings and Agreements (SOA) Certification Program - 5 Days

ITIL V3 Service Offerings and Agreements (SOA) Certification Program - 5 Days ITIL V3 Service Offerings and Agreements (SOA) Certificatin Prgram - 5 Days Prgram Overview The ITIL Intermediate Qualificatin: Service Offerings and Agreements (SOA) Certificate, althugh a stand alne

More information

Importance and Contribution of Software Engineering to the Education of Informatics Professionals

Importance and Contribution of Software Engineering to the Education of Informatics Professionals Imprtance and Cntributin f Sftware Engineering t the Educatin f Infrmatics Prfessinals Dr. Tick, József Budapest Plytechnic, Hungary, tick@bmf.hu Abstract: As a result f the Blgna prcess a new frm f higher

More information

Defining Sales Campaign Automation How e-mail, the Killer App, is best applied to marketing

Defining Sales Campaign Automation How e-mail, the Killer App, is best applied to marketing Defining Sales Campaign Autmatin Hw e-mail, the Killer App, is best applied t marketing Summary: Cmpanies tday are steadily adpting strategies and technlgies t reach prspects, custmers, and partners thrugh

More information

Information Technology Services. University of Maine System. Version 0.07. December 20, 2012

Information Technology Services. University of Maine System. Version 0.07. December 20, 2012 IT PROJECT MANAGEMENT OFFICE (PMO) CHARTER Infrmatin Technlgy Services University f Maine System Versin 0.07 December 20, 2012 Prepared by: Rbin Sherman Authrized by: [1] Table f Cntents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...

More information

Cross Agency Priority Goal Quarterly Progress Update

Cross Agency Priority Goal Quarterly Progress Update Crss Agency Pririty Gal Quarterly Prgress Update Shared Services Gal Leaders: Krysta Harden, Deputy Secretary, US Department f Agriculture; Dave Mader, Cntrller, Office f Federal Financial Management,

More information

Software Quality Assurance Plan

Software Quality Assurance Plan Sftware Quality Assurance Plan fr AnthrpdEST pipeline System Versin 1.0 Submitted in partial fulfillment f the requirements f the degree f Master f Sftware Engineering Prepared by Luis Fernand Carranc

More information

Test Strategy for High Quality EDA Software

Test Strategy for High Quality EDA Software 5th Wrld Cngress fr Sftware Quality Shanghai, China Nvember 2011 Test Strategy fr High Quality EDA Sftware Richard Léveillé Synpsys Inc. Muntain View, Califrnia, USA Richard.Leveille@synpsys.cm Abstract

More information

SECTION I.4 AUDIT ENGAGEMENT WORKING PAPERS

SECTION I.4 AUDIT ENGAGEMENT WORKING PAPERS SECTION I.4 AUDIT ENGAGEMENT WORKING PAPERS Ref. Plicy and Practice Requirements IIA Standards references I.4 1 Plicy: Wrking papers shall be prepared fr each audit engagement t recrd wrk perfrmed and

More information

How to Reduce Project Lead Times Through Improved Scheduling

How to Reduce Project Lead Times Through Improved Scheduling Hw t Reduce Prject Lead Times Thrugh Imprved Scheduling PROBABILISTIC SCHEDULING & BUFFER MANAGEMENT Cnventinal Prject Scheduling ften results in plans that cannt be executed and t many surprises. In many

More information

Integrate Marketing Automation, Lead Management and CRM

Integrate Marketing Automation, Lead Management and CRM Clsing the Lp: Integrate Marketing Autmatin, Lead Management and CRM Circular thinking fr marketers 1 (866) 372-9431 www.clickpintsftware.cm Clsing the Lp: Integrate Marketing Autmatin, Lead Management

More information

Interactive Catchment Plan Project Brief. Background to the organisation. How will we achieve this? What is a rivers trust?

Interactive Catchment Plan Project Brief. Background to the organisation. How will we achieve this? What is a rivers trust? Interactive Catchment Plan Prject Brief Backgrund t the rganisatin The Suth East Rivers Trust is an envirnmental charity dedicated t the cnservatin and restratin f rivers in the suth east f England, including

More information

Volume 2, Issue 11, November 2014 International Journal of Advance Research in Computer Science and Management Studies

Volume 2, Issue 11, November 2014 International Journal of Advance Research in Computer Science and Management Studies Vlume 2, Issue 11, Nvember 2014 Internatinal Jurnal f Advance Research in Cmputer Science and Management Studies Research Article / Survey Paper / Case Study Available nline at: www.ijarcsms.cm ISSN: 2321

More information

Research Findings from the West Virginia Virtual School Spanish Program

Research Findings from the West Virginia Virtual School Spanish Program Research Findings frm the West Virginia Virtual Schl Spanish Prgram Funded by the U.S. Department f Educatin Cnducted by R0cKMAN ETAL San Francisc, CA, Chicag, IL, and Blmingtn, IN Octber 4, 2006 R0cKMAN

More information

April 29, 2013 INTRODUCTION ORGANIZATIONAL OVERVIEW PROJECT OVERVIEW

April 29, 2013 INTRODUCTION ORGANIZATIONAL OVERVIEW PROJECT OVERVIEW April 29, 2013 INTRODUCTION The Mid-Atlantic Reginal Air Management Assciatin, Inc (MARAMA) is seeking t engage a cntractr t assist in updating f MARAMA s current website sftware and mve the website t

More information

ITIL V3 Planning, Protection and Optimization (PPO) Certification Program - 5 Days

ITIL V3 Planning, Protection and Optimization (PPO) Certification Program - 5 Days ITIL V3 Planning, Prtectin and Optimizatin (PPO) Certificatin Prgram - 5 Days Prgram Overview The ITIL Intermediate Qualificatin: Planning, Prtectin and Optimizatin (PPO) Certificate is a free-standing

More information

Professional Leaders/Specialists

Professional Leaders/Specialists Psitin Prfile Psitin Lcatin Reprting t Jb family Band BI/Infrmatin Manager Wellingtn Prfessinal Leaders/Specialists Band I Date February 2013 1. POSITION PURPOSE The purpse f this psitin is t: Lead and

More information

What broader insights would you want to explore first to answer the CEO s questions?

What broader insights would you want to explore first to answer the CEO s questions? Setup The CEO f a majr client has requested a shrt-term study examining a small part f the client s prduct prtfli. The cmpany has a small divisin that manufactures autmatic drip cffeemakers fr the US and

More information

Required Articles Cervone, H. F. (2004). How not to run a digital library project. OCLC Systems & Services, OCLC Syst. Serv. (UK), 20(4), 162-6.

Required Articles Cervone, H. F. (2004). How not to run a digital library project. OCLC Systems & Services, OCLC Syst. Serv. (UK), 20(4), 162-6. Curse Syllabus Curse Title Prject Management fr LIS Semester Summer 2009 Curse Number LIS 590MGL Instructr Kevin Trainr Catalg Descriptin Prject management skills are essential fr LIS practitiners wh want

More information

Talking Bout. a Revolution 100% 110% 120% 90% 80% 70% 130% 140%

Talking Bout. a Revolution 100% 110% 120% 90% 80% 70% 130% 140% Talking But a Revlutin 90% 80% 70% 60 0% 100% 110% 120% 130% 140% In-Memry analysis n 64-bit platfrms ushering in a new class f pwerful, affrdable and easy-t-use Business Intelligence slutins fr the masses

More information

CDC UNIFIED PROCESS PRACTICES GUIDE

CDC UNIFIED PROCESS PRACTICES GUIDE Dcument Purpse The purpse f this dcument is t prvide guidance n the practice f Business Case and t describe the practice verview, requirements, best practices, activities, and key terms related t these

More information

Improved Data Center Power Consumption and Streamlining Management in Windows Server 2008 R2 with SP1

Improved Data Center Power Consumption and Streamlining Management in Windows Server 2008 R2 with SP1 Imprved Data Center Pwer Cnsumptin and Streamlining Management in Windws Server 2008 R2 with SP1 Disclaimer The infrmatin cntained in this dcument represents the current view f Micrsft Crpratin n the issues

More information

Standards and Procedures for Approved Master's Seminar Paper or Educational Project University of Wisconsin-Platteville Requirements

Standards and Procedures for Approved Master's Seminar Paper or Educational Project University of Wisconsin-Platteville Requirements Standards and Prcedures fr Apprved Master's Seminar Paper r Educatinal Prject University f Wiscnsin-Platteville Requirements Guidelines Apprved by the Graduate Cuncil University f Wiscnsin-Platteville

More information

ISO Management Systems. Guidance on understanding the benefits of an ISO Management System

ISO Management Systems. Guidance on understanding the benefits of an ISO Management System ISO Management Systems Guidance n understanding the benefits f an ISO Management System Welcme & Intrductins 4031 University Drive, 206, Fairfax, VA 22030 3 Grant Square, 243, Hinsdale, IL 60521 www.radiancmpliance.cm

More information

Research Report. Abstract: The Emerging Intersection Between Big Data and Security Analytics. November 2012

Research Report. Abstract: The Emerging Intersection Between Big Data and Security Analytics. November 2012 Research Reprt Abstract: The Emerging Intersectin Between Big Data and Security Analytics By Jn Oltsik, Senir Principal Analyst With Jennifer Gahm Nvember 2012 2012 by The Enterprise Strategy Grup, Inc.

More information

MEDICAL HOME CLERKSHIP Broadlawns Medical Center

MEDICAL HOME CLERKSHIP Broadlawns Medical Center Cllege f Ostepathic Medicine MEDICAL HOME CLERKSHIP Bradlawns Medical Center J. Stubblefield D.O. Faculty, Bradlawns Family Health Center 515-282-2397 Elective Rtatin GENERAL DESCRIPTION This furth-year

More information

Developed and implemented a new Organizational Design for a major Government Department in Abu Dhabi

Developed and implemented a new Organizational Design for a major Government Department in Abu Dhabi Adiv Cnsulting is a leading Management Cnsulting firm based in the GCC, specialising in the area f Strategic Human Resurce (HR) management and Organizatin Design. Adiv was funded n the principle f delivering

More information

VIRTUAL TEAM LEARNING IN ONLINE MBA EDUCATION: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION

VIRTUAL TEAM LEARNING IN ONLINE MBA EDUCATION: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION VIRTUAL TEAM LEARNING IN ONLINE MBA EDUCATION: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION Wayne Huang, Ohi University, huangw@hi.edu Thm Luce, Ohi University, luce@hi.edu Yng Lu, Ohi University, yng.lu.1@hi.edu ABSTRACT

More information

COE: Hybrid Course Request for Proposals. The goals of the College of Education Hybrid Course Funding Program are:

COE: Hybrid Course Request for Proposals. The goals of the College of Education Hybrid Course Funding Program are: COE: Hybrid Curse Request fr Prpsals The gals f the Cllege f Educatin Hybrid Curse Funding Prgram are: T supprt the develpment f effective, high-quality instructin that meets the needs and expectatins

More information

Service Management - Framework 2013

Service Management - Framework 2013 Service - Framewrk 2013 Getting Started Right with Service System Netwrk Firewall Sftware Service App With the right framewrk, enterprises f almst any size small t large can implement effective functinal

More information

Whole Farm Management for Hmong Farmers. Curriculum

Whole Farm Management for Hmong Farmers. Curriculum Whle Farm Management fr Hmng Farmers Whle Farm Management fr Hmng Farmers Curriculum This curse is taught as part f the Cultivating Success Sustainable Small Farming Educatin Prgram, develped cllabratively

More information

HEALTH INFORMATION EXCHANGE GRANTS CRITERIA

HEALTH INFORMATION EXCHANGE GRANTS CRITERIA 1 HEALTH INFORMATION EXCHANGE GRANTS CRITERIA INTRODUCTION On August, 20 th, the federal Office f the Natinal Crdinatr fr Health Infrmatin Technlgy (ONC) released an pprtunity fr states t apply fr between

More information

BSc (Hons) Civil Engineering Course content

BSc (Hons) Civil Engineering Course content BSc (Hns) Civil Engineering Curse cntent The BSc (Hns) Civil Engineering curse is designed arund the cre themes f the prfessinal accrediting bdies and the mdules yu study are designed t develp yur general

More information

Disk Redundancy (RAID)

Disk Redundancy (RAID) A Primer fr Business Dvana s Primers fr Business series are a set f shrt papers r guides intended fr business decisin makers, wh feel they are being bmbarded with terms and want t understand a cmplex tpic.

More information

Basics of Supply Chain Management

Basics of Supply Chain Management The Champlain Valley APICS Chapter is a premier prfessinal assciatin fr supply chain and peratins management and wrking tgether with the APICS rganizatin the leading prvider f research, educatin and certificatin

More information

Executive Summary. City of Kawartha Lakes EMS Master Plan-Executive Summary February 2011

Executive Summary. City of Kawartha Lakes EMS Master Plan-Executive Summary February 2011 Executive Summary The City f Kawartha Lakes (the City) Emergency Medical Services (EMS) serves an area f apprximately 3,060 square kilmeters with a ppulatin f apprximately 74,561 persns. Over the next

More information

Policy on Free and Open-source Software. Government Policy of Iceland

Policy on Free and Open-source Software. Government Policy of Iceland Plicy n Free and Open-surce Sftware Gvernment Plicy f Iceland Prime Minister s Office December 2007 Intrductin Free and pen-surce sftware is sftware based n a surce cde which the authrs chse t make public

More information

How much life insurance do I need? Wrong question!

How much life insurance do I need? Wrong question! Hw much life insurance d I need? Wrng questin! We are ften asked this questin r sme variatin f it. We believe it is NOT the right questin t ask. What yu REALLY need is mney, cash. S the questin shuld be

More information

Issue Brief. SBC Distribution Rules for Employer Sponsored Health Plans October 2012. Summary. Which Plans Are Required to Provide the SBC?

Issue Brief. SBC Distribution Rules for Employer Sponsored Health Plans October 2012. Summary. Which Plans Are Required to Provide the SBC? Issue Brief SBC Distributin Rules fr Emplyer Spnsred Health Plans Octber 2012 Summary The Affrdable Care Act (ACA) expands ERISA's disclsure requirements by requiring that a summary f benefits and cverage

More information

Business Plan Overview

Business Plan Overview Business Plan Overview Organizatin and Cntent Summary A business plan is a descriptin f yur business, including yur prduct yur market, yur peple and yur financing needs. Yu shuld cnsider that a well prepared

More information

What is Software Risk Management? (And why should I care?)

What is Software Risk Management? (And why should I care?) What is Sftware Risk Management? (And why shuld I care?) Peter Kulik, KLCI, Inc. 1 st Editin, Octber 1996 Risks are schedule delays and cst verruns waiting t happen. As industry practices have imprved,

More information

CASSOWARY COAST REGIONAL COUNCIL POLICY ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT

CASSOWARY COAST REGIONAL COUNCIL POLICY ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT CASSOWARY COAST REGIONAL COUNCIL POLICY ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT Plicy Number: 2.20 1. Authrity Lcal Gvernment Act 2009 Lcal Gvernment Regulatin 2012 AS/NZS ISO 31000-2009 Risk Management Principles

More information

This report provides Members with an update on of the financial performance of the Corporation s managed IS service contract with Agilisys Ltd.

This report provides Members with an update on of the financial performance of the Corporation s managed IS service contract with Agilisys Ltd. Cmmittee: Date(s): Infrmatin Systems Sub Cmmittee 11 th March 2015 Subject: Agilisys Managed Service Financial Reprt Reprt f: Chamberlain Summary Public Fr Infrmatin This reprt prvides Members with an

More information

Trends and Considerations in Currency Recycle Devices. What is a Currency Recycle Device? November 2003

Trends and Considerations in Currency Recycle Devices. What is a Currency Recycle Device? November 2003 Trends and Cnsideratins in Currency Recycle Devices Nvember 2003 This white paper prvides basic backgrund n currency recycle devices as cmpared t the cmbined features f a currency acceptr device and a

More information

Qualification Specification Level 3 Award in Effective Auditing and Inspection Skills

Qualification Specification Level 3 Award in Effective Auditing and Inspection Skills www.highfieldabc.cm Qualificatin Specificatin Level 3 Award in Effective Auditing and Inspectin Skills Highfield Place Unit 15 Shaw Wd Business Park Shaw Wd Way Wheatley Hills Dncaster Suth Yrkshire DN2

More information

CDC UNIFIED PROCESS PRACTICES GUIDE

CDC UNIFIED PROCESS PRACTICES GUIDE Dcument Purpse The purpse f this dcument is t prvide guidance n the practice f Risk Management and t describe the practice verview, requirements, best practices, activities, and key terms related t these

More information

Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill: Insolvency fact sheets Contents

Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill: Insolvency fact sheets Contents 1 Small Business, Enterprise and Emplyment Bill: Inslvency fact sheets Cntents Directr Disqualificatin and Inslvency General Aims... 2 Administratin: sales t cnnected persns (prepack administratins)...

More information

Newborn Blood Spot Failsafe Solution (NBSFS) Operational Level Agreements. Part B: Child Health Record Department (CHRD) Users

Newborn Blood Spot Failsafe Solution (NBSFS) Operational Level Agreements. Part B: Child Health Record Department (CHRD) Users Newbrn Bld Spt Newbrn Bld Spt Failsafe Slutin (NBSFS) Operatinal Level Agreements Part B: Child Health Recrd Department (CHRD) Users Versin 1.2 / May 2015 Uncntrlled when printed. T ensure yu have the

More information

CSE 231 Fall 2015 Computer Project #4

CSE 231 Fall 2015 Computer Project #4 CSE 231 Fall 2015 Cmputer Prject #4 Assignment Overview This assignment fcuses n the design, implementatin and testing f a Pythn prgram that uses character strings fr data decmpressin. It is wrth 45 pints

More information

TOWARDS OF AN INFORMATION SERVICE TO EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIPS: BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS ANALYTICAL ENGINE OF SERVICE

TOWARDS OF AN INFORMATION SERVICE TO EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIPS: BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS ANALYTICAL ENGINE OF SERVICE TOWARDS OF AN INFORMATION SERVICE TO EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIPS: BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS ANALYTICAL ENGINE OF SERVICE A N D R E I A F E R R E I R A, A N T Ó N I O C A S T R O, D E L F I N A S Á S O A R E

More information

Assessment Plans and Outcomes Student Affairs San Francisco State University

Assessment Plans and Outcomes Student Affairs San Francisco State University Assessment Plans and Outcmes Student Affairs San Francisc State University Spring 2010 The Divisin f Student Affairs at San Francisc State University launched its inaugural assessment prgram in April 2009.

More information

Licensing Windows Server 2012 R2 for use with virtualization technologies

Licensing Windows Server 2012 R2 for use with virtualization technologies Vlume Licensing brief Licensing Windws Server 2012 R2 fr use with virtualizatin technlgies (VMware ESX/ESXi, Micrsft System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager, and Parallels Virtuzz) Table f Cntents

More information

Figure 1: A) Landsat-7 image Marlborough-Tasman. B) Two images for Canterbury

Figure 1: A) Landsat-7 image Marlborough-Tasman. B) Two images for Canterbury Prject Objectives Irrigatin represents a significant cst f prductin t pastures, arable and hrticultural crps in New Zealand. It is estimated that acrss New Zealand sme 650,000 ha f pasture and crpping

More information

Training Efficiency: Optimizing Learning Technology

Training Efficiency: Optimizing Learning Technology Ideas & Insights frm 2008 Training Efficiency Masters Series Survey Results Training Efficiency: Optimizing Learning Technlgy trainingefficiency.cm Survey Results: Training Efficiency: Optimizing Learning

More information

COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK

COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK Persnal Impact Directin Delivery Delivering the future thrugh peple Infrmatin fr Applicants CONTENTS COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK Page 3. What are Cmpetencies and why use them 3-4 Cuncil values

More information

Disability Support Services

Disability Support Services Disability Supprt Services EMS Assessr Accreditatin Framewrk Cmmunicatin Assistive Technlgy Cmpetency Framewrk Intrductin The Cmmunicatin Assistive Technlgy Credential, Levels One and Tw, recgnises that

More information