1 State of Nevada Aging and Disability Services Division Presents
2 Elder Abuse Training Don t Abuse Elders! It s a Crime!
3 Persons Convicted of Elder Abuse in Nevada Could Serve up to 20 Years in Prison!
4 What Is Elder Abuse? In general, elder abuse is a term referring to any knowing, intentional, or negligent gg act by a caregiver or any other person that causes harm or a serious risk of harm to an older person. An older person is defined in Nevada law as a person who is 60 years of age or older.
5 Types of Elder Abuse Abuse Neglect Self neglect Exploitation Isolation ( as asdefined by NevadaRevised Statute, NRS )
6 Abuse Abuse as defined by Nevada law the willful and unjustified infliction of pain, injury or mental anguish or deprivation offood food, shelter, clothing, or services necessary to maintain the physical or mental health of an older person. An older person is defined as a person 60 years of age or older. Physical Abuse Serious or unexplained injury Sexual assault Inappropriate physical or chemical restraint Mdi Medication abuse (over medicating or undermedicating)
7 Psychological (Mental) Abuse Verbal assaults, threats or harassment Humiliation or intimidation Demeaning name calling I will put you in a nursing home if you don t do as I say!
8 Sexual Assault Sexual Assault is defined as: When any person over the age of 60 is forced, tricked, coerced or manipulated into any unwanted sexual contact. This includes sexual contact with ih anyone who is unable to give informed consent. Sexual lassault ltincludes but ti is not limited it to rape, unwanted touching, explicit photography etc.
9 Neglect Failure to provide: Food Clothing Shelter Services such as medical care and personal hygiene Neglect does not have to be intentional. The person just has to have a duty to provide these services. Allowing or permitting harm may also involve neglect, particularly concerning health and safety hazards.
10 Self neglect neglect. Self neglect is the failure of an older person to provide for his or her own needs because of an inability to do so. Self neglect is not a crime. An elder has the right to make his or her own choices unless a judge declares the individual incompetent.
11 SELF DETERMINATION Substantial attention is given to the concept of self determination. Self determination isthe right of anindividual to maketheir own decisions, good or bad. It is important to remember there must be special attention given to an older persons capacity or incapacity. Often times the right to self determination rules when the older person has capacity and the older person continues to live in the community making poor choices. Older people without capacity who clearly cannot make decisions on their behalf must receive intervention.
12 Exploitation Is a violation of a relationship based on trust (this may include situations in which a guardianship or power of attorney exists). Involves deception, intimidation, or undue influence. Is an attempt to obtain control of money, assets or property with the intent to permanently deprive the older person of the assets.
13 Isolation It may be a crime to intentionally prevent elders from: Receiving phone calls Receiving mail Receiving visitors And it may be a crime to physically restrain an elder in order to prevent visitation
14 Isolation (Continued) Restraining an Elder to prevent visitation is criminal when done without justification (such as to protect property or the physical or mental welfare of the elderly person).
15 Signs of Abuse in the Elderly Suspect elder abuse if you notice an older person suffering from any of the following conditions Inadequately explained bruises, cuts, or burns Dehydration or malnutrition Overly medicated or extremely sedated Unusual confinement (closed off in a room, tied to furniture) Lack of cleanliness, grooming
16 Signs of Abuse in the Elderly l (Continued) Fear of speaking for oneself in the presence of the caretaker; anxious to please Anxiety, confusion, withdrawal, depression Shame, fear, embarrassment Sudden change in financial activity Unusual cash withdrawals from the elder s account in a short period of time
17 Signs in the Abusing Caretaker (Continued) Suspect elder abuse if a caretaker displays any of the following behaviors Threatening remarks or behavior Conflicting stories (such as how the elder was injured) Insults, aggressive behavior Withholding of attention, security, and affection
18 Signs in the Abusive Caretaker (Continued) Attitude of indifference or anger toward the elder in their care Unusual fatigue, depression Obvious absence of assistance or attendance A history of family abusive behavior or other hostile behavior patterns can predispose a caretaker to acting outhisor or heranger anger, especially whenunderstress stress.
19 The Victims A typical victim may: Be a female age 75 or older (about 2/3 of victims fall into this category) Live with their abuser
20 The Victims Victims (Continued) A victim may deny the reported abuse and put up barriers to assistance because they are: Reluctant to tell anyonebecausetheyare are ashamed that their children or caretaker has mistreated them Dependent on the abuser Fearful of being sent to a nursing home or being taken away Worried that if the abuser is taken away they will be alone Fearful of retaliation
21 State of Nevada Elder Abuse Law Elder Protective Services role and the definitions of Elder Abuse are guided by the NRS Mandated reporting guidelines can be found in NRS Elder abuse reporting regulations that are specific to each facility type can be found in NAC 449.
22 Federal Elder Abuse Guidelines Skilled Nursing Facilities must recognize and follow State and Federal laws pertaining to Elder Abuse and Reporting. The Code of Federal Regulation is CFR The Bureau of Health Care Quality and Compliance can be contacted for specific information pertaining to federal law. Carson City (775) or Las Vegas (702)
23 Reporting Suspicion of a Crime Section 1150B of the Social Security Act (the Act), as established by section 6703(b)(3) of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (Affordable Care Act), requires specific individuals in applicable long term care facilities to report any reasonable suspicion i of crimes committed against a resident of that facility. More information about this law can be found: CLetter11_30.pdf
24 What can be done to Stop Elder Abuse? Report Investigate t Intervene Prosecute
25 Mandatory Reporters A mandatory reporter is someone who is required by Nevada Law to notify a particular state or local agency when the person, in his/her professional or occupational capacity, knows or has reason to believe that a person 60 years or older is being abused, neglected, or isolated. Reports should be made immediately or within 24 hours.
26 Mandated Reporters Failure to report is a misdemeanor, Punishable by law up to 6 months in jail and/or a fine of $1000
27 Who Are Mandated Reporters? Physicians Physician s Assistants Dentists Psychiatrists Dental Hygienists Psychologists Chiropractors Marriage and Family Optometrists Therapists Podiatrists Alcohol or Drug Abuse Medical Examiners Residents Interns Professional or Practical Nurses Nursing Home employees Counselors Ambulance Drivers Emergency Medical Technicians Any person employed by a facility that t provides care for older persons
28 Who Are Mandated Reporters? (Continued) GovernmentEmployees of the Department of Human Services Mortuary and Funeral Home Employees Social Workers Home Health Agency Employees Coroners Law Enforcement Employees Probation Officers, Juvenile or Adult
29 Any life threatening Elder Abuse must be reported to law enforcement immediately. Any allegationsorsuspicions or suspicions of Sexual Assault must be reported to law enforcement immediately. After the report has been made, a referral should be forwarded to the Elder Rights Unit, either by telephone, in person, or in writing. Any person making a good faith report of suspected elder abuse is immune from civil or criminal liability for reporting. NRS
30 Content of Reports The report must contain the following information, when possible: a) The name and address of the older person or vulnerable person; b) The name and address of the person responsible for his or her care, if thereis one; c) The name and address, if available, of the person who is alleged to have abused, neglected, exploited or isolated the older person or vulnerable person; d) The nature and extent of the abuse, neglect, exploitation or isolation of the older person or vulnerable person; e) Any evidence of previous injuries; and f) The basis of the reporter s belief that the older person or vulnerable person has been abused, neglected, exploited or isolated Note: Potential abuseisnotreportable The reporter must state the reasons and/or facts that lead them to believe abuse has occurred.
31 Where to Report Elder Abuse Aging and Disability Services Division Elder Rights Intake Unit Statewide: IntheLas Vegas Area: AFTER HOURS CONTACT Local Law Enforcement (Any police department or Sheriff s Office. If there is imminent danger involved, contact 911)
32 Caregiver Name: ELDER ABUSE TRAINING TO MEET THE REQUIREMENTS FOR SENATE BILL (SB) 129 Senate Bill (SB) 129 of the 2011 Legislative Session established elder abuse training requirements for new applicants and existing licensees of facilities for intermediate care (ICF and IMR), facilities for skilled nursing (SNF), agencies to provide personal care services in the home (PCA), facilities for the care of adults during the day (ADC), residential facilities for groups (AGC), and homes for individual residential care (HIRC). SB 129 also established elder abuse training requirements for all newly hired employees, directors and administrators and annual training requirements for existing employees, directors and administrators working in facilities for intermediate care (ICF and IMR), facilities for skilled nursing (SNF), agencies to provide personal care services in the home (PCA), facilities for the care of adults during the day (ADC), residential facilities for groups (AGC), and homes for individual residential care (HIRC). Viewing the PowerPoint presentation on elder abuse training and answering the following test questions is one way to fulfill the training requirements of SB 129 for all affected parties. There are other training materials and programs that will satisfy this requirement. You can contact a bureau inspector to verify if those other materials or programs meet the requirements of SB 129. For new applicants, please view the PowerPoint presentation and answer the following questions. Please submit your test answers with your new facility application. A new initial license will not be issued until you view the presentation and submit your answers. For existing licensees, please view the PowerPoint presentation and answer the following questions as part of the annual training requirement of SB 129. Please submit your test answers with your 2013 renewal application. A 2013 licensing sticker will not be issued until you view the presentation and submit your answers. For newly hired employees, administrators or directors, please view the PowerPoint presentation and answer the following questions before you provide care to residents, clients or patients. Please file your test answers in your employee file. Inspectors will look in your employee file for evidence that you have viewed the presentation or look for other evidence that you receiving elder abuse training to meet the requirements of SB 129. For existing employees, administrators or directors, please view the PowerPoint presentation and answer the following questions as part of the annual training requirement of SB 129. Please file your test answers in your employee file. Inspectors will look in your employee file for evidence that you have viewed the presentation or look for other evidence that you receiving elder abuse training to meet the requirements of SB ) What is the time frame for reporting elder abuse? TEST QUESTIONS 2) Scenario: You witness a caregiver yelling at an elderly person. What type of abuse is this? 3) Nevada defines five major categories of abuse. What are they? 4) Where are elder abuse definitions and mandatory reporting laws pertaining to Nevada found? 5) Who should be contacted if an allegation of sexual assault has been made? Caregiver Signature Consumer/PCR Signature Date Date
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