1 2 Missouri. Compromise Compromise. of Sectionalism. Nationalism

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1 1 2 Missouri Compromise Compromise of Nationalism Sectionalism

2 California admitted as a free state Washington, D.C - Slavery abolished Territories won from Mexico - no new laws Stronger laws to help slaveholders recapture runaway slaves Kept balance of power between the free & slave states Missouri - slave state Maine - free state Louisiana Territory - slavery banned north of Missouri s southern border Loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole A love for your own country and the belief that it is better than any other country.

3 5 6 Popular Sovereignty Marshall Court Decisions 7 8 Fugitive Slave Act Uncle Tom s Cabin

4 A series of court decisions that favored the Federal Government (national power) over Popular Sovereignty (state power) A system in which the residents of a state or region (people who live there) decide an issue Story outlining the horrible conditions of slavery in the South Popular in the North with abolitionists Brought attention to the issue of slavery Law to help slave owners recapture runaway slaves Accused slaves held without arrest warrant Slaves had no right to a jury trial Federal judge ruled in each case (paid $5.00 for releasing slave, $10.00 for returning slave to owner)

5 9 10 Kansas Nebraska Act Abolition John Brown Potawatomie Massacre

6 Movement to end slavery John Brown moved to Kansas to help make it a free state. He and his sons murdered 5 proslavery Kansas citizens. Got rid of Missouri compromise Allowed people to vote for slavery in the territories (popular sovereignty) Extreme Abolitionist Pottawatomie Massacre - along with seven other men, murdered five proslavery neighbors Led to three years of civil war in Kansas - Bleeding Kansas

7 13 14 Dred Scott Harper s Ferry Candidate Platform

8 Led by John Brown (abolitionist) 13 whites, 5 blacks captured the arsenal (guns) at Harper s Ferry and killed four people in the raid Brown tried to get others to join (including local slaves), but failed and was captured, tried in court, and eventually hanged The issue further divided the nation between North and South Scott was a slave who sued in the Supreme Court for his freedom. Scott lost because: 1. He was not a U.S. citizen so he couldn t legally sue 2. He was bound by Missouri s slave code so he had to obey Missouri laws 3. He was property and could not be taken from the slave owner A statement of beliefs, usually for a political party Someone who is competing in an election

9 Lincoln Douglas Debate 17 Presidential Election of Secession Confederate States of America (The Confederacy)

10 Lincoln dominated the Northern states and won the election due to a larger population. The South was dissatisfied with the results and seceded. Candidates in the Illinois Senate Race Lincoln - A house divided against itself cannot stand Lincoln - didn t want slavery to expand to the North Lincoln - slavery is a moral, social and political wrong Douglas - national government should not make laws regarding slavery - states should have sovereignty (choice) Formed in 1861 by the Southern states after their secession from the Union (when the Southern states left) Withdrawal from the Union (The United States)

11 Jefferson Davis 21

12 Elected president of the Confederate States of America (the states that seceded from the Union)

13 Alien and Sedition Acts Louisiana Purchase Manifest Destiny Rise of King Cotton

14 The United States buys a large territory from France - the US Constitution does not give the Federal Government power to purchase new territory. Law that makes it harder for foreigners to become American citizens by strengthening the power of the Federal Government Law allowing the Federal Government to prosecute anyone writing bad things about the government 1820: Cotton = 1/3 of United states exports 1860: Cotton = 2/3 of United States exports God given right

The Birth of the Republican Party. Main Idea The issue of slavery dominated U.S. politics in the 1850s.

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