SPACE WEATHER INTERPRETING THE WIND. Petra Vanlommel & Luciano Rodriguez

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "SPACE WEATHER INTERPRETING THE WIND. Petra Vanlommel & Luciano Rodriguez"

Transcription

1 SPACE WEATHER INTERPRETING THE WIND Petra Vanlommel & Luciano Rodriguez

2 THE SUN LOSES ENERGY Radiation Mass Particles

3 THE SUN LOSES ENERGY PHYSICAL REPHRASING Total Solar Irradiance Solar Wind Fast Particles

4 SPACE WEATHER Flares Plasma wolken Snelle zonnewind Proton storm

5 SPACE WEATHER Space weather describes the conditions in space that affect Earth and its technological systems. Space weather storms originate from the Sun and occur in space near Earth or in the Earth's atmosphere. These storms generally occur due to eruptions on the Sun known as solar flares, proton storms and the solar wind.

6 SPACE WEATHER Space weather describes the conditions in space that affect Earth and its technological systems. Space weather storms originate from the Sun and occur in space near Earth or in the Earth's atmosphere. These storms generally occur due to eruptions on the Sun known as solar flares, proton storms and the solar wind.

7 SPACE WEATHER Space weather describes the conditions in space that affect Earth and its technological systems. Space weather storms originate from the Sun and occur in space near Earth or in the Earth's atmosphere. These storms generally occur due to eruptions on the Sun known as solar flares, proton storms and the solar wind.

8 TIME TO ARRIVE ON EARTH Plasma wolken 8 minutes Flares Days Proton Hour storm Snelle zonnewind

9 FORECAST Flare Flares probability Perturbations Plasma wolken of the Geomagnetic Snelle zonnewind field Proton Probability storm

10 RELAX AND WATCH

11 OUR PROTECTION

12 Total Solar Irradiance Solar Wind Fast Particles

13

14 GEOMAGNETIC STORMS 4x 100x 200x 600x 1700x

15 CONSEQUENCES GIC Satellite operations, e.g. GNSS, drag, surface charging Radio communication Electrical power plants Aurora Malmö Blackout - Oct 30, 2004 About customer were without electricity in Malmö, Sweden for minutes First known power grid blackout due to GIC in Europe An overcurrent relay was too sensitive to the third harmonic of 50 hz. It has been replaced by a less sensitive relay later.

16 GLOBAL SOLAR DIPOLE Snelle wind Open magneetveld lijnen Snelle wind Gesloten veldlijnen Heliosferisch stroomvlak Trage wind Trage wind Snelle wind

17 LOCAL MAGNETIC FIELDS

18 LOCAL MAGNETIC FIELDS

19 SOLAR WIND

20 SLOW VERSUS FAST High: ~10 Low: ~10 4 K, ~1eV Variable km/s Density, cm -3 Temperature Behavior Low: ~3 High: ~10 5 K, ~10eV Stationary

21

22 SOLAR WIND - IN SITU

23 COORDINATE SYSTEM

24 IMF POLARITY for 400 km/s ϕ ~ 135 for 400 km/s ϕ ~ 315

25 EXTREME FAST ϕ = 90

26 EXTREME FAST ϕ = 0 ϕ = 360

27 RADIAL

28 RADIAL

29 RADIAL

30 RADIAL

31 VARIATIONS Non-eruptive Eruptive Coronal Hole Coronal Mass Ejection Sector Boundary Crossing

32 SECTOR BOUNDARY CROSSING

33 HELIOSPHERIC CURRENT SHEET Snelle wind Open magneetveld lijnen Snelle wind Gesloten veldlijnen Heliosferisch stroomvlak Trage wind Trage wind Snelle wind

34 BALLERINA SKIRT

35 MAGNETIC SECTORS Cravens, 1997

36 SEPT 10 - IN SITU: PHI

37 SEPT 10 - IN SITU - DENSITY

38 SEPT 10 - IN SITU - BZ

39 GEO EFFECTIVENESS

40 CORONAL HOLE

41 WHEN SLOW AND FAST MEET

42 Top View

43

44

45

46

47 IN SITU - CH IN A SCHEME

48 CORONAL HOLE Co-rotating structure Shock is present, usually behind 1AU Radial! No extra mass-flux

49 IN SITU

50 IN REAL LIFE

51 CME A new, discrete, bright white light feature in the coronograph field-of-view with a predominantly, radial outward velocity.

52 TRANSIENT - EXTRA MASS

53 STRUCTURE 1.Shock, if ICME is fast enough 2.Shocked sheath plasma compressed - heated - strong B - varying direction of B 3.Driver gas, i.e. ICME cool - steady strong B - large scale smooth field rotation - decreasing speed

54 PATH

55

56

57

58

59

60 Shock Short sheath High B Smooth rotation in Bz Decreasing speed

61 Shock Sheath High B Smooth rotation in Phi Decreasing speed Low T

62 THE WIND YESTERDAY

63 SOLAR SOURCE

64 CONTACT SIDC: sidc.be STCE News letter: stce.be

65 INTERESTING stce.be/esww10

66 MI : SPACE WEATHER FOR ENGINEERS Focus on HF communication, Trans-ionospheric propagation, effects on GNSS signal precision Nov 12-15, 2013, Leuven, Belgium

67

Space Weather: An Introduction C. L. Waters. Centre for Space Physics University of Newcastle, Australia

Space Weather: An Introduction C. L. Waters. Centre for Space Physics University of Newcastle, Australia Space Weather: An Introduction C. L. Waters Centre for Space Physics University of Newcastle, Australia 1 Outline Space weather: Conditions on the Sun and in the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere and

More information

Solar Storms and Northern lights - how to predict Space Weather and the Aurora

Solar Storms and Northern lights - how to predict Space Weather and the Aurora Solar Storms and Northern lights - how to predict Space Weather and the Aurora Pål Brekke Norwegian Space Centre/UNIS Pål Brekke torsdag 12. mars 15 Fleet of satellites watching the Sun Stereo SDO SOHO

More information

Met Office Space Weather Operations and R&D

Met Office Space Weather Operations and R&D Met Office Space Weather Operations and R&D David Jackson Mark Gibbs, Suzy Bingham, Francois Bocquet, Edmund Henley, Sophie Murray WMO / ISES Meeting, August 9-10 2014, Moscow, Russia Met Office Motivation?

More information

Space Weather: Forecasting & Impacts on Critical Infrastructure

Space Weather: Forecasting & Impacts on Critical Infrastructure Space Weather: Forecasting & Impacts on Critical Infrastructure Dr. Genene Fisher Senior Advisor for Space Weather National Weather Service AMS Washington Forum 12 April 2012 Outline Solar Activity Update

More information

Summer School Alpbach Innovative Space Weather Missions

Summer School Alpbach Innovative Space Weather Missions Summer School Alpbach 2013 - Innovative Space Weather Missions Contents Space weather and its impact on Earth Summerschool Alpbach at a glance Proposed missions CARETAKER, PAC2MAN, ADONIS, OSCAR Scientific

More information

The solar wind (in 90 minutes) Mathew Owens

The solar wind (in 90 minutes) Mathew Owens The solar wind (in 90 minutes) Mathew Owens 5 th Sept 2013 STFC Advanced Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk Overview There s simply too much to cover in 90 minutes Hope to touch on: Formation of the

More information

INTRODUCTION TO SOLAR WEATHER & HF PROPAGATION. Lewis Thompson W5IFQ September 27, 2011

INTRODUCTION TO SOLAR WEATHER & HF PROPAGATION. Lewis Thompson W5IFQ September 27, 2011 INTRODUCTION TO SOLAR WEATHER & HF PROPAGATION Lewis Thompson W5IFQ September 27, 2011 PRESENTATION Ionospheric propagation NVIS Long-Range Frequency Selection (Critical Frequency & MUF) Propagation modeling

More information

Solar cycle. Auringonpilkkusykli. 1844 Heinrich Schwabe: 11 year solar cycle. ~11 years

Solar cycle. Auringonpilkkusykli. 1844 Heinrich Schwabe: 11 year solar cycle. ~11 years Sun Solar cycle Auringonpilkkusykli 1844 Heinrich Schwabe: 11 year solar cycle ~11 years Auringonpilkkusykli Solar cycle Butterfly diagram: Edward Maunder 1904 New cycle Spots appear at mid-latitudes Migration

More information

Activities of the Japanese Space Weather Forecast Center at Communications Research Laboratory

Activities of the Japanese Space Weather Forecast Center at Communications Research Laboratory J. RADIAT. RES., 43: SUPPL., S53 S57 (2002) Activities of the Japanese Space Weather Forecast Center at Communications Research Laboratory SHINICHI WATARI 1 * and FUMIHIKO TOMITA 1 Space weather / ISES/SEP

More information

Space Weather Prediction Research and Services for China Manned Space Mission

Space Weather Prediction Research and Services for China Manned Space Mission Space Weather Prediction Research and Services for China Manned Space Mission Siqing Liu National Space Science Center, CAS Center for Space Science and Applied Research, CAS Outline I. General information

More information

Chapter 10 Our Star. Why does the Sun shine? Radius: m (109 times Earth) Mass: kg (300,000 Earths)

Chapter 10 Our Star. Why does the Sun shine? Radius: m (109 times Earth) Mass: kg (300,000 Earths) Chapter 10 Our Star X-ray visible Radius: 6.9 10 8 m (109 times Earth) Mass: 2 10 30 kg (300,000 Earths) Luminosity: 3.8 10 26 watts (more than our entire world uses in 1 year!) Why does the Sun shine?

More information

Space Weather Forecasts for Civil Aviation & Spaceflight. Bill Murtagh NOAA Space Environment Center Boulder, Colorado

Space Weather Forecasts for Civil Aviation & Spaceflight. Bill Murtagh NOAA Space Environment Center Boulder, Colorado Space Weather Forecasts for Civil Aviation & Spaceflight Bill Murtagh NOAA Space Environment Center Boulder, Colorado Space Weather, Aviation, and Spaceflight: Opportunities for Space Weather Research

More information

Solar Forcing of Electron and Ion Auroral Inputs

Solar Forcing of Electron and Ion Auroral Inputs Solar Forcing of Electron and Ion Auroral Inputs Barbara A. Emery (NCAR), Ian G. Richardson (GSFC), David S. Evans (NOAA), Frederick J. Rich (LL/MIT), Gordon Wilson (AFRL), Sarah Gibson (NCAR), Giuliana

More information

EASA Safety Information Bulletin

EASA Safety Information Bulletin EASA Safety Information Bulletin SIB No.: 2012-09 Issued: 23 May 2012 Subject: Effects of Space Weather on Aviation Ref. Publication: 1. EU OPS 1.390 Cosmic Radiation; 2. SIB 2012-10 Single Event Effects

More information

COMESEP Project : Space Weather Impact Forecasting

COMESEP Project : Space Weather Impact Forecasting COMESEP Project : Space Weather Impact Forecasting Crosby, N.B. 1, Veronig, A. 2, Robbrecht, E. 3, Vrsnak, B. 4, Vennerstrom, S. 5, Malandraki, O. 6, Dalla, S. 7, Rodriguez, L. 3, Srivastava, N. 8, Hesse,

More information

Solar atmosphere. Solar activity and solar wind. Reading for this week: Chap. 6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.7 Homework #2 (posted on website) due Oct.

Solar atmosphere. Solar activity and solar wind. Reading for this week: Chap. 6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.7 Homework #2 (posted on website) due Oct. Solar activity and solar wind Solar atmosphere Reading for this week: Chap. 6.2, 6.3, 6.5, 6.7 Homework #2 (posted on website) due Oct. 17 Photosphere - visible surface of sun. Only ~100 km thick. Features

More information

Coronal Hole Properties in Solar Cycle 24

Coronal Hole Properties in Solar Cycle 24 Coronal Hole Properties in Solar Cycle 24 Adrián Arteaga Harvard College Dr. Mari Paz Miralles Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics What is a Coronal Hole? Regions of open magnetic flux in the solar

More information

Name Date Per Teacher

Name Date Per Teacher Reading Guide: Chapter 28.1 (read text pages 571-575) STRUCTURE OF THE SUN 1e Students know the Sun is a typical star and is powered by nuclear reactions, primarily the fusion of hydrogen to form helium.

More information

Collaboration Priorities to Improve Space Weather Services

Collaboration Priorities to Improve Space Weather Services Collaboration Priorities to Improve Space Weather Services Terry Onsager Physicist U.S. National Weather Service, Space Weather Prediction Center Director International Space Environment Service Terry.Onsager@noaa.gov

More information

Space Weather. Spacecraft By William Zinicola. And Its. Effects on

Space Weather. Spacecraft By William Zinicola. And Its. Effects on Diana Space Weather And Its Effects on Spacecraft By William Zinicola - Space weather interaction with early forms of technology date back to 1847 and the 8 th sun cycle - Anomalous currents in telegraph

More information

Mild Space Weather during Solar Cycle 24*

Mild Space Weather during Solar Cycle 24* STP13 Xi An, China, October 12-18, 2014 Mild Space Weather during Solar Cycle 24* N. Gopalswamy 1, S. Akiyama 1,2, S. Yashiro 1,2, H. Xie 1,2, and P. Mäkelä 1,2 1NASA Goddard Space Flight Center 2The Catholic

More information

The Sun: Our Star (Chapter 14)

The Sun: Our Star (Chapter 14) The Sun: Our Star (Chapter 14) Based on Chapter 14 No subsequent chapters depend on the material in this lecture Chapters 4, 5, and 8 on Momentum, energy, and matter, Light, and Formation of the solar

More information

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Space Weather Space Weather Storms from the Sun Storms from the Sun U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service U.S. Department of Commerce National

More information

Solar Ast ro p h y s ics

Solar Ast ro p h y s ics Peter V. Foukal Solar Ast ro p h y s ics Second, Revised Edition WI LEY- VCH WILEY-VCH Verlag Co. KCaA Contents Preface 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2 2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.3

More information

The Sun ASTR /14/2016

The Sun ASTR /14/2016 The Sun ASTR 101 11/14/2016 1 Radius: 700,000 km (110 R ) Mass: 2.0 10 30 kg (330,000 M ) Density: 1400 kg/m 3 Rotation: Differential, about 25 days at equator, 30 days at poles. Surface temperature: 5800

More information

Statistical Study of Magnetic Reconnection in the Solar Wind

Statistical Study of Magnetic Reconnection in the Solar Wind WDS'13 Proceedings of Contributed Papers, Part II, 7 12, 2013. ISBN 978-80-7378-251-1 MATFYZPRESS Statistical Study of Magnetic Reconnection in the Solar Wind J. Enžl, L. Přech, J. Šafránková, and Z. Němeček

More information

The Extreme Solar Storms of October to November 2003

The Extreme Solar Storms of October to November 2003 S.P. Plunkett S.P. Plunkett Space Science Division The Extreme Solar Storms of October to November 2003 AN OVERVIEW OF SOLAR ACTIVITY AND SPACE WEATHER In recent decades, humans have come to rely on space

More information

Bulk properties of the slow and fast solar wind and interplanetary coronal mass ejections measured by Ulysses: Three polar orbits of observations

Bulk properties of the slow and fast solar wind and interplanetary coronal mass ejections measured by Ulysses: Three polar orbits of observations Click Here for Full Article JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 114,, doi:10.1029/2008ja013631, 2009 Bulk properties of the slow and fast solar wind and interplanetary coronal mass ejections measured

More information

Annual Report of RWC Korea 2013-2014

Annual Report of RWC Korea 2013-2014 Annual Report of RWC Korea 2013-2014 Korean Space Weather Center of National Radio Research Agency The Korean Space Weather Center (KSWC) of the National Radio Research Agency (RRA) is a government agency

More information

Space Weather Activities in Germany

Space Weather Activities in Germany Space Weather Activities in Germany Norbert Jakowski Institute of Communications and Navigation German Aerospace Center www.dlr.de Folie 2 Univ. Kiel IAP Kühlungsborn DLR Neustrelitz Review of institutions

More information

The Effect of Space Weather Phenomena on Precise GNSS Applications

The Effect of Space Weather Phenomena on Precise GNSS Applications FUGRO SATELLITE POSITIONING Doc. Ref.: A12321850TCBRC1 The Effect of Space Weather Phenomena on Precise GNSS Applications December 2014 PUBLIC Table of contents The Effect of Space Weather Phenomena on

More information

Coronal Heating Problem

Coronal Heating Problem Mani Chandra Arnab Dhabal Raziman T V PHY690C Course Project Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Outline 1 2 3 Source of the energy Mechanism of energy dissipation Proposed mechanisms Regions of the

More information

EMİNE CEREN KALAFATOĞLU EYİGÜLER

EMİNE CEREN KALAFATOĞLU EYİGÜLER EMİNE CEREN KALAFATOĞLU EYİGÜLER SPACE ENVIRONMENT UZB411E 2015-2016 FALL ROOM: 322 / THIRD FLOOR UPPER ATMOSPHERE AND SPACE WEATHER LAB OFFICE HOURS: EVERY TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY BETWEEN 15-17 FOR OTHER

More information

Understanding HF propagation

Understanding HF propagation Understanding HF propagation Jari Perkiömäki, OH6BG 12 July 2012 Sappee, Pälkäne, Finland (translated and revised English presentation) HF conditions and contests in a nutshell 1. Learn the basics! The

More information

GEOPHYSICS AND GEOCHEMISTRY - Vol.III - Solar Wind And Interplanetary Magnetic Field - Schwenn R. SOLAR WIND AND INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELD

GEOPHYSICS AND GEOCHEMISTRY - Vol.III - Solar Wind And Interplanetary Magnetic Field - Schwenn R. SOLAR WIND AND INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELD SOLAR WIND AND INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELD Schwenn R. Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany Keywords: Sun, corona, solar wind, plasma, magnetic field, reconnection, coronal mass

More information

Solar Wind: Theory. Parker s solar wind theory

Solar Wind: Theory. Parker s solar wind theory Solar Wind: Theory The supersonic outflow of electrically charged particles, mainly electrons and protons from the solar CORONA, is called the SOLAR WIND. The solar wind was described theoretically by

More information

The Solar Wind. Chapter 5. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Description

The Solar Wind. Chapter 5. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Description Chapter 5 The Solar Wind 5.1 Introduction The solar wind is a flow of ionized solar plasma and an associated remnant of the solar magnetic field that pervades interplanetary space. It is a result of the

More information

Worksheet 4.2 (Answer Key)

Worksheet 4.2 (Answer Key) Worksheet 4.2 (Answer Key) 1. How are the stars we see at night related to the Sun? How are they different? The Sun is a star, but the Sun is very close and the stars are very, very far away. 2. How big

More information

Global warming: Is the Sun heating the Earth? Lecture 8: The Sun-Earth Connection

Global warming: Is the Sun heating the Earth? Lecture 8: The Sun-Earth Connection Global warming: Is the Sun heating the Earth? Lecture 8: The Sun-Earth Connection Solar influence on Earth The variable activity of the Sun affects Earth in many ways: short term long term Space weather

More information

Overview of COMESEP Project

Overview of COMESEP Project Overview of COMESEP Project Norma B. Crosby BIRA- IASB, Brussels, Belgium on behalf of the COMESEP Consor@um This work has received funding from the European Commission FP7 Project COMESEP (263252). The

More information

2-3-5 Solar Proton Event and Proton Propagation in the Earth s Magnetosphere

2-3-5 Solar Proton Event and Proton Propagation in the Earth s Magnetosphere 2-3-5 Solar Proton Event and Proton Propagation in the Earth s Magnetosphere Solar proton event is the manifestation of the high-energy protons (Their energy ranges from MeV to GeV.) generated by the solar

More information

Solar Storms and You! Exploring the Aurora and the Ionosphere, pp/ 9-14, NASA EG GSFC

Solar Storms and You! Exploring the Aurora and the Ionosphere, pp/ 9-14, NASA EG GSFC Lesson Summary Students use an AM radio to monitor changes in the intensity of solar output Prior Knowledge & Skills Understanding of: The structure of the atmosphere Atomic structures including protons,

More information

Counting Sunspots. Parent Prompts: Are there years with lots of sunspots? Are there years with very few sunspots?

Counting Sunspots. Parent Prompts: Are there years with lots of sunspots? Are there years with very few sunspots? Counting are magnetic storms on the Sun these dark areas are a little cooler than the rest of the Sun s atmosphere. They can be easily seen when the Sun s image is projected onto a white surface, using

More information

Progress Towards the Solar Dynamics Observatory

Progress Towards the Solar Dynamics Observatory Progress Towards the Solar Dynamics Observatory Barbara J. Thompson SDO Project Scientist W. Dean Pesnell SDO Assistant Project Scientist Page 1 SDO OVERVIEW Mission Science Objectives The primary goal

More information

Coronal expansion and solar wind

Coronal expansion and solar wind Coronal expansion and solar wind The solar corona over the solar cycle Coronal and interplanetary temperatures Coronal expansion and solar wind acceleration Origin of solar wind in magnetic network Multi-fluid

More information

The Solar Wind. Earth s Magnetic Field p.1/15

The Solar Wind. Earth s Magnetic Field p.1/15 The Solar Wind 1. The solar wind is a stream of charged particles - a plasma - from the upper atmosphere of the sun consisting of electrons and protons with energies of 1 kev. 2. The particles escape the

More information

Climate Discovery Teacher s Guide

Climate Discovery Teacher s Guide Unit: Sun-Earth Lesson: 1 Materials & Preparation Time: Preparation: 30 min Teaching: 50 min Materials for the Teacher: Sun Image Thumbnails printed in color onto transparency PowerPoint presentation and

More information

Climate Discovery Teacher s Guide

Climate Discovery Teacher s Guide Unit: Sun-Earth Lesson: 3 Materials & Preparation Time: Preparation: 30 min Teaching: one or two class periods Materials for the Teacher: Overhead projector Transparency of p.5 Materials for the Class:

More information

GOES Data and Products in the Space Weather Prediction Center and National Geophysical Data Center

GOES Data and Products in the Space Weather Prediction Center and National Geophysical Data Center GOES Data and Products in the Space Weather Prediction Center and National Geophysical Data Center Mary Shouldis Satellite Data Product Development Team Lead NGDC/University of Colorado/CIRES Putting Science

More information

Simultaneous Heliospheric Imager and Interplanetary Scintillation observations of CMEs and CIRs

Simultaneous Heliospheric Imager and Interplanetary Scintillation observations of CMEs and CIRs Simultaneous Heliospheric Imager and Interplanetary Scintillation observations of CMEs and CIRs Gareth D. Dorrian (gdd05@aber.ac.uk) 1, Andy R. Breen 1, Jackie A. Davies 2, Alexis P. Rouillard 3, Mario

More information

Space Weather Measurements. Mary Kicza Assistant Administrator NOAA Satellite & Info. Service (NESDIS) Space Weather Enterprise Forum

Space Weather Measurements. Mary Kicza Assistant Administrator NOAA Satellite & Info. Service (NESDIS) Space Weather Enterprise Forum Continuity of Critical Space Weather Measurements Mary Kicza Assistant Administrator NOAA Satellite & Info. Service (NESDIS) Space Weather Enterprise Forum May 19, 2009 NOAA Space Weather Requirements

More information

Heating & Cooling in Molecular Clouds

Heating & Cooling in Molecular Clouds Lecture 8: Cloud Stability Heating & Cooling in Molecular Clouds Balance of heating and cooling processes helps to set the temperature in the gas. This then sets the minimum internal pressure in a core

More information

Using spacecraft measurements ahead of Earth in the Parker spiral to improve terrestrial space weather forecasts

Using spacecraft measurements ahead of Earth in the Parker spiral to improve terrestrial space weather forecasts SPACE WEATHER, VOL. 9,, doi:10.1029/2010sw000627, 2011 Using spacecraft measurements ahead of Earth in the Parker spiral to improve terrestrial space weather forecasts D. L. Turner 1,2 and X. Li 1,2 Received

More information

Coronal Magnetic Field Measurements: Space Weather Forecasting Needs

Coronal Magnetic Field Measurements: Space Weather Forecasting Needs Coronal Magnetic Field Measurements: Space Weather Forecasting Needs D.N. Baker Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences Department of Physics University

More information

Space Weather Activities in China. Siqing Liu National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Space Weather Activities in China. Siqing Liu National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences Space Weather Activities in China Siqing Liu National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences Outline Establishment of National Space Weather Forecast Station Space Weather Observations CAS ESA

More information

Solar Wind: Global Properties

Solar Wind: Global Properties Solar Wind: Global Properties The most fundamental problem in solar system research is still unsolved: how can the Sun with a surface temperature of only 5800 K heat up its atmosphere to more than a million

More information

Lecture 8: Radiation Spectrum. Radiation. Electromagnetic Radiation

Lecture 8: Radiation Spectrum. Radiation. Electromagnetic Radiation Lecture 8: Radiation Spectrum The information contained in the light we receive is unaffected by distance The information remains intact so long as the light doesn t run into something along the way Since

More information

Group Leader: Group Members:

Group Leader: Group Members: THE SOLAR SYSTEM PROJECT: TOPIC: THE SUN Required Project Content for an Oral/Poster Presentation on THE SUN - What it s made of - Age and how it formed (provide pictures or diagrams) - What is an AU?

More information

2. What continually moves air around in the atmosphere? 3. Which of the following weather systems is associated with clear, sunny skies?

2. What continually moves air around in the atmosphere? 3. Which of the following weather systems is associated with clear, sunny skies? DIRECTIONS Read the question and choose the best answer. Then circle the letter for the answer you have chosen. 1. Interactions between which set of systems affect weather and climate the most? A. Atmosphere,

More information

2 N!TION!L SP!CE WE!THER STR!TEGY 3 PRODUCT OF THE. 4 National Science and Technology Council. 6 April 2015

2 N!TION!L SP!CE WE!THER STR!TEGY 3 PRODUCT OF THE. 4 National Science and Technology Council. 6 April 2015 1 2 N!TION!L SP!CE WE!THER STR!TEGY 3 PRODUCT OF THE 4 National Science and Technology Council 5 6 April 2015 7 8 9 Table of Contents 10 Executive Summary... 1 11 Introduction... 3 12 Structure of the

More information

Space Weather Research in KASI. Yeon-Han Kim & KASI people Space Science Division(SSD) Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute(KASI)

Space Weather Research in KASI. Yeon-Han Kim & KASI people Space Science Division(SSD) Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute(KASI) Space Weather Research in KASI Yeon-Han Kim & KASI people Space Science Division(SSD) Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute(KASI) I. SSD in KASI Sun-Earth Connection (CME geoeffectiveness) Solar

More information

The Earth's Atmosphere. Layers of the Earth's Atmosphere

The Earth's Atmosphere. Layers of the Earth's Atmosphere The Earth's Atmosphere The atmosphere surrounds Earth and protects us by blocking out dangerous rays from the sun. The atmosphere is a mixture of gases that becomes thinner until it gradually reaches space.

More information

Space Weather Preparedness Strategy

Space Weather Preparedness Strategy Space Weather Preparedness Strategy July 2015 OFFICIAL Page i 1. Executive Summary... 1 2. Space weather preparedness... 4 2.1 An overview... 4 2.2 What is the purpose of the document and who does it apply

More information

Four Centuries of Discovery. Visions of the Universe. torms. on thes. supplemental materials

Four Centuries of Discovery. Visions of the Universe. torms. on thes. supplemental materials Visions of the Universe ~ Four Centuries of Discovery S torms on thes un supplemental materials Storms on the Sun Table of Contents - Exhibit Overview... 3 Science Background... 4 Science Misconceptions...

More information

Technician Licensing Class

Technician Licensing Class Technician Licensing Class Weak Signal Propagation Presented by Ryan Caron NX1U Amateur Radio Technician Class Element 2 Course Presentation ELEMENT 2 SUB-ELEMENTS (Groupings) About Ham Radio Call Signs

More information

Tessmann Show Descriptions

Tessmann Show Descriptions How Rare Is Earth? Dr. Stephen Eastmond (60 minutes) Experience the rarity and beauty of our planet Earth s position within our Solar System and within the Milky Way Galaxy. This introductory astronomy

More information

LESSON 3 PREDICTING WEATHER. Chapter 7, Weather and Climate

LESSON 3 PREDICTING WEATHER. Chapter 7, Weather and Climate LESSON 3 PREDICTING WEATHER Chapter 7, Weather and Climate OBJECTIVES Describe high- and low- pressure systems and the weather associated with each. Explain how technology is used to study weather. MAIN

More information

Solar Energetic Particles: A Relay Race to Earth By Andrea Karelitz

Solar Energetic Particles: A Relay Race to Earth By Andrea Karelitz Karelitz 1 Solar Energetic Particles: A Relay Race to Earth By Andrea Karelitz Things move fast. If you re feeling daring, take a trip to Brazil and speed down the fastest water slide in the world at 65

More information

A Solar Cycle Prediction Puzzle s Possible Explanation?

A Solar Cycle Prediction Puzzle s Possible Explanation? A Solar Cycle Prediction Puzzle s Possible Explanation? Janet Luhmann Space Sciences Laboratory University of California, Berkeley With thanks for many related interactions with my long-time collaborators

More information

Great Geomagnetic Storms in the Rise and Maximum of Solar Cycle 23

Great Geomagnetic Storms in the Rise and Maximum of Solar Cycle 23 1542 Brazilian Journal of Physics, vol. 34, no. 4B, December, 2004 Great Geomagnetic Storms in the Rise and Maximum of Solar Cycle 23 A. Dal Lago 1,2, L. E. A. Vieira 1,2, E. Echer 1, W. D. Gonzalez 1,

More information

Astronomical applications of the over-the-horizon radar NOSTRADAMUS

Astronomical applications of the over-the-horizon radar NOSTRADAMUS Astronomical applications of the over-the-horizon radar NOSTRADAMUS J-F. Degurse 1,2, J-Ph. Molinié 1, V. Rannou 1,S. Marcos 2 1 ONERA, Département Electromagnétisme et Radar 2 L2S Supéléc, CNRS UMR 8506,

More information

METIS Coronagraph on Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Synergies. INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino (Italy) & the METIS Team

METIS Coronagraph on Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Synergies. INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino (Italy) & the METIS Team METIS Coronagraph on Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Synergies Silvano Fineschi INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino (Italy) & the METIS Team 3rd METIS Scientific and Technical Meeting Napoli 17 th

More information

World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water

World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water ICTSW-4 Doc 9.3.(1) Space-based instrument categorization and evaluation Required space weather variables and applicable

More information

FROM RESEARCH TO OPERATIONS EUROPEAN AND INTERNATIONAL SPACE WEATHER PROJECTS

FROM RESEARCH TO OPERATIONS EUROPEAN AND INTERNATIONAL SPACE WEATHER PROJECTS Volker Bothmer University of Göttingen Institute for Astrophysics Germany 24 th October 2011 IV EU-Russian Open Days Russian Institute for Science and Culture, Vienna, Brahmsplatz 8 Topic: Solar-Terrestrial

More information

A Plan of Action Under LTSP III

A Plan of Action Under LTSP III A Plan of Action Under LTSP III William Liu and Robert Rankin Department of Physics, University of Alberta David Boteler Geomagnetic Laboratory, Geological Survey of Canada Submitted to the Canadian Space

More information

WELCOME to Aurorae In the Solar System. J.E. Klemaszewski

WELCOME to Aurorae In the Solar System. J.E. Klemaszewski WELCOME to Aurorae In the Solar System Aurorae in the Solar System Sponsoring Projects Galileo Europa Mission Jupiter System Data Analysis Program ACRIMSAT Supporting Projects Ulysses Project Outer Planets

More information

Solar Activity and Earth's Climate

Solar Activity and Earth's Climate Rasmus E. Benestad Solar Activity and Earth's Climate Second Edition Published in association with Springer Praxis ids Publishing Publisl PRAXI Chichester, UK Contents Preface to the second edition Preface

More information

The Sun: Our nearest star

The Sun: Our nearest star The Sun: Our nearest star Property Surface T Central T Luminosity Mass Lifetime (ms) Value 5500K 15x10 6 K 2 x 10 33 ergs 4 x 10 33 grams 10 billion years Solar Structure Build a model and find the central

More information

Understanding solar eruptions: an observational perspective on space weather

Understanding solar eruptions: an observational perspective on space weather Understanding solar eruptions: an observational perspective on space weather Karel Schrijver Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center Solar-C; 2013/11/11; Takayama, Japan Space weather user objectives:

More information

UNDERSTANDING SOLAR METRICS DATA

UNDERSTANDING SOLAR METRICS DATA AM 5-610 UNDERSTANDING SOLAR METRICS DATA MAKING SENSE OF THE SOLAR METRICS September 2015 Version 0 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited \ DEPARTMENT OF THE

More information

CSSAR Space Science Cooperation

CSSAR Space Science Cooperation CSSAR Space Science Cooperation WANG Shuzhi Center for Space Science and Applied Research Chinese Academy of Science(CSSAR) Table of Contents Brief History of CSSAR International Cooperation CAS Strategic

More information

1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 6. Which map correctly shows the wind directions of the highpressure and low-pressure systems? 1) 2) Which two

More information

Revolutions in Understanding the Ionosphere, Earth s Interface to Space. All images and videos available for download at: svs.gsfc.nasa.

Revolutions in Understanding the Ionosphere, Earth s Interface to Space. All images and videos available for download at: svs.gsfc.nasa. Revolutions in Understanding the Ionosphere, Earth s Interface to Space Sarah Frazier, NASA Goddard, (301) 286-0295, sarah.frazier@nasa.gov Find this release online at: nasa.gov/agu All images and videos

More information

SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER TEMPERATURES OVER THE SOLAR CYCLE DURING THE LAST 130 YEARS

SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER TEMPERATURES OVER THE SOLAR CYCLE DURING THE LAST 130 YEARS SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER TEMPERATURES OVER THE SOLAR CYCLE DURING THE LAST 130 YEARS Kalevi Mursula, Ville Maliniemi, Timo Asikainen ReSoLVE Centre of Excellence Department of

More information

Space Weather Research and Forecasting in CRL, Japan

Space Weather Research and Forecasting in CRL, Japan Space Weather Research and Forecasting in CRL, Japan Maki Akioka Hiraiso Solar Observatory Communications Research Laboratory Contact akioka@crl.go.jp 1 Contents of Presentation 1.Space Weather Observation

More information

Hidrodinámica y magnetismo estelares

Hidrodinámica y magnetismo estelares Hidrodinámica y magnetismo estelares la convección estelar y las erupciones solares gigantes la convección estelar y las erupciones solares gigantes Fernando Moreno Insertis Instituto de Astrofisica de

More information

The Origin of the Solar System and Other Planetary Systems

The Origin of the Solar System and Other Planetary Systems The Origin of the Solar System and Other Planetary Systems Modeling Planet Formation Boundary Conditions Nebular Hypothesis Fixing Problems Role of Catastrophes Planets of Other Stars Modeling Planet Formation

More information

Unit 2 Lesson 1 Introduction to Energy. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 2 Lesson 1 Introduction to Energy. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Get Energized! What are two types of energy? Energy is the ability to cause change. Energy takes many different forms and causes many different effects. There are two general types of energy: kinetic energy

More information

CHAPTER 9: STARS AND GALAXIES

CHAPTER 9: STARS AND GALAXIES CHAPTER 9: STARS AND GALAXIES Characteristics of the Sun 1. The Sun is located about 150 million kilometres from the Earth. 2. The Sun is made up of hot gases, mostly hydrogen and helium. 3. The size of

More information

Mercury s Magnetic Field

Mercury s Magnetic Field Image Courtesy of NASA Mercury s Magnetic Field Kerri Donaldson Hanna Parts of a Magnetic Field Mariner 10 Observations Took measurements on the 1st and 3rd flyby ~43 minutes worth of data collected Signals

More information

JPL ANOMALY ISSUES. Henry B. Garrett Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA, 91109

JPL ANOMALY ISSUES. Henry B. Garrett Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA, 91109 JPL ANOMALY ISSUES Henry B. Garrett Pasadena, CA, 91109 Space Weather Anomaly Concerns for JPL Robotic Mission AGENDA Overview of Space Weather Anomalies on JPL Missions Space Weather Products used by

More information

4.5 Orbits, Tides, and the Acceleration of Gravity

4.5 Orbits, Tides, and the Acceleration of Gravity 4.5 Orbits, Tides, and the Acceleration of Gravity Our goals for learning: How do gravity and energy together allow us to understand orbits? How does gravity cause tides? Why do all objects fall at the

More information

The Relationship Between the Expansion Speed and Radial Speed of CMEs Confirmed Using Quadrature Observations of the 2011 February 15 CME

The Relationship Between the Expansion Speed and Radial Speed of CMEs Confirmed Using Quadrature Observations of the 2011 February 15 CME The Relationship Between the Expansion Speed and Radial Speed of CMEs Confirmed Using Quadrature Observations of the 2011 February 15 CME Nat Gopalswamy 1, Pertti Mäkelä 2, Seiji Yashiro 2, and Joseph

More information

Overview of the IR channels and their applications

Overview of the IR channels and their applications Ján Kaňák Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute Jan.kanak@shmu.sk Overview of the IR channels and their applications EUMeTrain, 14 June 2011 Ján Kaňák, SHMÚ 1 Basics in satellite Infrared image interpretation

More information

Extreme space weather: impacts on engineered systems and infrastructure

Extreme space weather: impacts on engineered systems and infrastructure Extreme space weather: impacts on engineered systems and infrastructure Royal Academy of Engineering ISBN 1-903496-95-0 February 2013 Published by Royal Academy of Engineering Prince Philip House 3 Carlton

More information

4.1 Momentum equation of the neutral atmosphere

4.1 Momentum equation of the neutral atmosphere Chapter 4 Dynamics of the neutral atmosphere 4.1 Momentum equation of the neutral atmosphere Since we are going to discuss the motion of the atmosphere of a rotating planet, it is convenient to express

More information

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Test 2 f14 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Carbon cycles through the Earth system. During photosynthesis, carbon is a. released from wood

More information

Temperature anisotropy in the solar wind

Temperature anisotropy in the solar wind Introduction Observations Simulations Summary in the solar wind Petr Hellinger Institute of Atmospheric Physics & Astronomical Institute AS CR, Prague, Czech Republic Kinetic Instabilities, Plasma Turbulence

More information

Meteorology Study Guide

Meteorology Study Guide Name: Class: Date: Meteorology Study Guide Modified True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement

More information

The sun and the solar corona

The sun and the solar corona The sun and the solar corona Introduction The Sun of our solar system is a typical star of intermediate size and luminosity. Its radius is about 696000 km, and it rotates with a period that increases with

More information