1 HALO Universitäre Nutzer (HUNT) High Altitude and Long Range Research Aircraft HALO University Users (HAUU) U. Platt, J.P Burrows, Susanne Crewell, U. Corsmeier, A. Engel, J. Fischer, H. Harder, J. Hill, K. Itten, S. Jones, H. Kaufmann, A. Macke, B. Mayer, J. Nieke, A. Richter, T. Ruhtz, A. Müller, T. Heege, U. Schmidt, G. Seckmeyer, I. Tegen, T. Wagner, M. Wendisch, T. Wolf, K. Pfeilsticker.
2 National research institutions ( virtual institutes ) Virtual Research Centre Ice-clouds and Dehydration in the TTL-Region Virtual Institute Atmospheric Research employing the Research Aircraft HALO Collaborative Research Centre The Tropospheric Ice-Phase TROPICE (SFB 614)... University researchers participate in essentially all missions proposed for HALO, but there will be no German University Missions.
3 Scientific and Technical Goals (as formulated in the original HALO application) 1. Chemistry and transport of trace species in the troposphere and lower stratosphere 2. Ozone destruction in the stratosphere 3. Integrated investigation of the chemistry-climate-biosphere-human interaction 4. Transport and chemical transformation in convective and turbulent systems 5. Formation of precipitation and radiation transport as components of meteorology and climate research 6. Investigation of the sea ice distribution within the framework of oceanic and polar research 7. Investigation of the influence of aircraft emissions on the chemistry of the tropopause region and on aerosol and cloud formation 8. remote sensing, in particular of parameters related to the carbon cycle 9. Testing, validation and further development of existing and new remote sensing techniques
4 Scientific and Technical Goals Formulated by university groups at the Heidelberg Meeting. 1. Sources, transport&chemical processing of aerosols (M. Wendisch and I. Tegen) 2. Clouds and precipitation (S. Crewell) 3. Clouds, aerosol, and radiation (K. Pfeilsticker, G. Seckmeyer, A. Macke) 4. UT/LS - transport&dynamik (A. Engel and U. Corsmeier) 5. Transport and Dynamics in the Troposphere (U. Corsmeier and S. Jones) 6. UT/LS - Photochemistry (H. Harder, A. Richter) 7. Earth surface processes (J. Nieke et al) 8. Earth and hydrology remote sensing Presently >33 individual contributions by university researchers
5 Topic 1: Sources, transport&chemical processing of aerosols (M. Wendisch and I. Tegen) Specific Research Objectives: 1. Desert dust aerosol 2. Vertical transport of aerosol particles 3. Direct radiative effects of aerosol particles 4. Chemical composition of tropospheric aerosol particles 5. Interaction of aerosol particles and ice clouds
6 Topic 1: Sources, transport&chemical processing of aerosols Individual contributions: (M. Wendisch and I. Tegen) A1.1 Tropical Cyclone / Saharan Air Layer Experiment, J. Dunion and Sarah Jones, IMK/Universität Karlsruhe/Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe A1.2 Chemical Composition of the Tropospheric Aerosol, Johannes Schneider, MPI-Chemie, Mainz, Germany A1.3 Instrument Proposal for HALO: An airborne tandem measurement platform for the characterisation of aerosol and cloud properties, M. de Reus, IPA, University of Mainz A1.4 Instrument Proposal for HALO: CVI Coupled Single Particle Mass Spectrometry on Atmospheric Ice Nuclei, J. Curtius, IPA, University of Mainz A1.5 A HALO mission proposal to characterize soil dust aerosol particles in the proximity and downwind of hot spot source areas, I. Tegen, M. Wendisch, Leibniz-Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany A1.6 Tropical Transition Layer Characterization Experiment (TROLEX), S. Borrmann, Institute for Physics of the Atmosphere, University of Mainz A1.7 Influence of organic compounds on the capability of aerosol particles to act as ice nuclei (SFB 641, Subproject A 4), G. Moortgat, J. Williams and R. Winterhalter, MPI Chemistry, Atmospheric Chemistry Division, Mainz A1.8 Interaction of volatile organic compounds (VOC) with airborne ice crystals (SFB 641, Subproject B 8 ), Elke Fries, Wolfgang Jaeschke, Wilhelm Püttmann, University of Frankfurt A1.9 Ice nucleus counters for HALO, E. Fries, W. Jaeschke, W. Püttmann, U.Bundke, H. Bingemer, University of Frankfurt and University of Mainz
7 Topic 2: Clouds and Precipitation: Scientific challenges for HALO (S. Crewell and M. Wendisch) Specific Research Objectives: 1. Validation of satellite estimates of cloud properties and precipitation 2. Process studies on cloud and precipitation 3. Life Cycle of Convective Cloud Systems 4. Study of cloud formation processes in mixed phase clouds 5. Water vapour within and around cirrus clouds
8 Topic 2: Clouds and Precipitation: Scientific challenges for HALO (S. Crewell and M. Wendisch) Individual contributions: A2.1 Cirrus Exploration using Submillimeter Radiometry among other Implements (CESUR), H. Küllmann, S. Bühler, G. Heygster, H. Bremer, J. Notholt, Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen A2.2 Life Cycle of Convective Cloud Systems, M. Wendisch, B. Mayer, and the 4D-Clouds Community A2.3 In situ holographic recording of cloud volumes to measure the spatial distributions of mixed phase and iced hydrometeors (HALOHOLO), Hermann-Josef Vössing, IPA, University of Mainz A2.4 Study of cloud formation processes in mixed phase clouds, O. Stetzer, and U. Lohmann, ETH Zürich A2.5 Partikel und Wasser in- und ausserhalb kalter Zirren, M. Krämer, FZ Jülich, A2.6 The Water Budget of North Atlantic Cyclones, Graßl, H., Klepp, C., Peters, G., Bakan, S. Meteorologisches Institut, Universität Hamburg and Max-Planck Institut für Meteorologie A2.7 Water vapour, precipitation and cloud liquid water, C. Jacobi, Institut für Meteorologie, Uni Leipzig (LIM)
9 Topic 3: Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation (K. Pfeilsticker, A. Macke, B. Mayer, G. Seckmeyer, and M. Wendisch) Specific Research Objectives: 1. Clouds and Radiation: the life cycle of clouds convective cloud systems in the tropics the balance of net radiative fluxes the RT budget of the UT/LS 2. Aerosol particles and radiation to assess the source strength to quantify the optical properties interactions of aerosols and clouds 3. The interaction of radiation with the surface to quantify the changes in spectral albedo to investigate the spectral albedo of snow and ice to study the change in the spectral albedo due to land use changes
10 Individual contributions: Topic 3: Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation (K. Pfeilsticker, A. Macke, B. Mayer, G. Seckmeyer, and M. Wendisch) A3.1 Spectral radiance in the upper troposphere und lower stratosphere, G. Seckmeyer, Institute of Meteorology und Climatology, University of Hannover A3.2 The UV/vis/near IR radiative transfer of the UT/LS region: Mie scattering by aerosols and cirrus clouds and the gaseous, liquid and solid H 2 O concentrations, K. Pfeilsticker, IUP, Universität Heidelberg
11 Topic 4: Transport and Dynamics in the Lower and Lowermost Stratosphere (A. Engel) Specific Research Objectives: 1. to characterize the latitudinal distribution of reactive halogen oxides in the UT/LS from the equator to high latitudes 2. to identify and quantify suspected source regions for halogen compounds such as frost flower covered areas in polar spring, degassing volcanoes, coastal regions with large biological activity and ocean areas with strong upwelling 3. to study the spatial and temporal variability of bromine oxide release during polar spring bromine explosions 4. to quantify the tropospheric background
12 Topic 4: Transport and Dynamics in the Lower and Lowermost Stratosphere (A. Engel) Individual contributions: A4.1 Missionsvorschlag zu einer HALO Mission in der unteren und untersten Stratosphäre, A. Engel, C. Schiller, A. Zahn, M. Riese, H. Schlager, G. Ehret, H. Fischer, M. Volk, U. Schmidt, Thomas Röckmann und Hermann Oelhaf, Institut für Atmosphäre und Umwelt, J. W. Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt A4.2 SPECTRALOGGER: An ultra-compact tunable diode laser spectrometer for automated field use, W. Gurlit, Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Germany A4.3 Regional tropopause height, C. Jacobi, Institut für Meteorologie, Uni Leipzig (LIM)
13 Topic 5: Transport and Dynamics in the Troposphere (U. Corsmeier and S. Jones) Specific Research Objectives: 1. Mediterranean Sea cyclogenesis 2. Dead Sea haze formation 3. Predictability of high impact weather 4. Interaction of tropical cyclones with the Saharan Air Layer 5. Tropical cyclone mid-latitude interaction experiment 6. initiation of convection
14 Topic 5: Transport and Dynamics in the Troposphere (U. Corsmeier and S. Jones) Individual contributions: A5.1 Tropical Cyclone-Midlatitude Interaction Experiment, S. Jones, S. Aberson, J. Abraham, P. Harr, C. Velden IMK and Universität Karlsruhe A5.2 Predictability of High Impact Weather,Targeted Observations, A. Dörnbrack,S. Rahm, and S. Jones, DLR/IPA and Institute für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Universität Karlsruhe A5.3 The western Mediterranean as a sensitive region for cyclone formation causing heavy-rain events, NEPTUN, C. Kottmeier, U. Corsmeier and N. Kalthoff, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, IMK Universität Karlsruhe A5.4 The secrets of the initiation of convection uncovered with HALO, V. Wulfmeyer, University of Hohenheim A5.5 A synergy of the next generation of remote sensing systems for HALO and their access for research centers via the first German deployment pool, V. Wulfmeyer, University of Hohenheim
15 Topic 6: Photochemistry of the UT/LS region (A. Richter, H. Harder, T. Wagner and J.P Burrows) Specific Research Objectives: 1. to characterize the latitudinal distribution of reactive halogen oxides in the UT/LS from the equator to high latitudes 2. to identify and quantify suspected source regions for halogen compounds such as frost flower covered areas in polar spring, degassing volcanoes, coastal regions with large biological activity and ocean areas with strong upwelling 3. to study the spatial and temporal variability of bromine oxide release during polar spring bromine explosions 4. to quantify the tropospheric bromine background
16 Topic 6: Photochemistry of the UT/LS region (A. Richter, H. Harder, T. Wagner and J.P Burrows) Individual contributions: A5.1 The Polar Stratosphere in a Changing Climate (POLSTRACC), C.E. Blom, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Zahn and H. Fischer, IMK, Universität Karlsruhe/Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe A5.2 Studies of the Effects of Air Pollution on the Formation of the Haze in the Dead Sea Area, C. Kottmeier, H.-J. Panitz, U. Corsmeier, N. Kalthoff, and U.Schumann, IMK, Universität Karlsruhe/Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, and DLR, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen A5.3 The Asian SUmmer MOnsoon (SUMO): Survey of the most polluted region in the UTLS, A. Zahn, H. Oelhaf, C. Blom, and H. Fischer, Universität Karlsruhe/Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe A5.4 High Spatially Resolved Trace Gas Measurements from the HALO Platform, U. Platt, C. Kern, K. Pfeilsticker, T. Wagner, IUP-Universität Heidelberg A5.5 Trace gas observations in the UTLS region with the AMAX-DOAS instrument, A. Richter, J.P. Burrows, U. Platt, C. Kern, K. Pfeilsticker, T. Wagner, IUP-Universität Heidelberg, IUP- Universität Bremen A5.6 Klaus U. Grossmann, Peter Knieling, Friedhelm Olschewski, CRISTA-NF auf HALO, Bergische Universität Wuppertal A5.7 Halogen radicals (BrO, OClO, IO, and OIO) in the UT/LS region; their sources, chemical activation and ozone destruction potential, Klaus Pfeilsticker, IUP, Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg
17 Topic 7: Earth Surface Processes (J. Nieke et al., ) Specific Research Objectives: 1. Earth observation (EO) in multi-dimensional scales 2. EO for hydrodynamic 3-D models of coastal and inland water regions 3. EO for CO 2 modeling and climatology 4. EO for desertification models 5. EO for precise TOA radiance product generation 6. EO for air pollution detection in regional scale 7. Sub-pixel validation of atmosphere-observing space sensors Individual Contributions: Missing ( )
18 Topic 8: Earth and hydrology remote sensing (K. Roth) Specific Research Objectives: 1. detection of soil moisture 2. detection of permafrost Individual Contributions: Missing ( )
19 To Do List Lead authors: Complete, correct...your cluster contribution as early as possible (by March 21)! Call-in missing and/or further individual contributions, ASAP University groups: Submit your individual proposal to respective lead authors and us (by March 21)! University institutions: Provide letter of support
20 Financing of HALO Activities Given the financial situation of university research providing the funds to operate a research aircraft is clearly a challenge. At present there are several models under discussion, which must ensure that the following conditions are met: That the German universities will be able to use HALO in proportion to their capabilities. That the universities will be guaranteed a sufficiently large fraction of HALO flight hours. That continuous funding is available for the operation of HALO, since there is a substantial fraction of fixed cost (e.g. salaries of the crew) involved. Financing models... Meteor Model
21 Financing of HALO - Based Research Funding instruments? Targeted Research Program (Schwerpunktprogramm) for Instrument development...
22 Großer Dank an alle Autorinnen und Autoren!
23 Large-Area Mapping of Trace Gases Models have several to millions of grid-points. Are compared to typically handful of measurements And thus validated (?) Propose: Make several to measurements within short time interval
24 Study Air pollution (NO 2, CH 2 O, SO 2, CO...) Emission Evolution of plumes Point sources...
25 Messgeometrie des Flugzeuggestützten Imaging-DOAS
26 Bestimmung der Quellstärke einer Punktquelle und Spurengas -Lebensdauer in der Atmosphäre.
27 Anwendungsbeispiel: Oberrheingraben
28 Imaging DOAS (I-DOAS), the Principle F. Lohberger Diploma Thesis, University of Heidelberg, 2003 Simultaneous recording of spectra in a column of the image ( pixels) Scanning of the entire image by rotating mirror ( columns) DOAS-evaluation of Spectra yields column density for each pixel
29 Imaging DOAS (I-DOAS), Instrumental Setup Size: ca. 50 x 50 x 20 cm³ plus PC F. Lohberger Diploma Thesis, Univ. Heidelberg, 2003 Lohberger et al., Applied Optics 2004
GLORIA-AB a limb/nadir imaging Fourier transform spectrometer as a next generation of MIPAS - to explore meso-scale processes and their role for the global scale - to provide proof of concept for PREMIER
Venus Exploration Advisory Group Greenhouse Effect and Radiative Balance on Earth and Venus Dave Crisp November 5, 2007-1- Venus and Earth: An Unlikely Pair Most theories of solar system evolution assume
(1) Global Cloud Resolving Model Simulations toward Numerical Weather Forecasting in the Tropics (FY2005-2010) (2) Scale Interaction and Large-Scale Variation of the Ocean Circulation (FY2006-2011) (3)
NCEA Level 3 Earth and Space Science (91414) 2014 page 1 of 7 Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414) Evidence Statement
Kathryn Sullivan, Ph.D, Acting Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator Thomas R. Karl, L.H.D., Director,, and Chair of the Subcommittee on Global Change Research Jessica
August 1999 NF-207 The Earth Science Enterprise Series These articles discuss Earth's many dynamic processes and their interactions Clouds and the Energy Cycle he study of clouds, where they occur, and
Observed Cloud Cover Trends and Global Climate Change Joel Norris Scripps Institution of Oceanography Increasing Global Temperature from www.giss.nasa.gov Increasing Greenhouse Gases from ess.geology.ufl.edu
Ján Kaňák Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute Jan.email@example.com Overview of the IR channels and their applications EUMeTrain, 14 June 2011 Ján Kaňák, SHMÚ 1 Basics in satellite Infrared image interpretation
Passive Remote Sensing of Clouds from Airborne Platforms Why airborne measurements? My instrument: the Solar Spectral Flux Radiometer (SSFR) Some spectrometry/radiometry basics How can we infer cloud properties
The potential of cloud slicing to derive profile information from Nadir looking instruments Thomas Wagner, Steffen Beirle, Cheng Liu MPI for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany Pioneering studies (trop. O 3 from
METEOROLOGY Homepage: http://www.opetus.physics.helsinki.fi/oppiaineet/meteorologia.html DEGREE REQUIREMENTS Students who have begun their studies 1.8.2014 or later study according to these degree requirements.
EARTH S ATMOSPHERE AND ITS SEASONS Provided by Tasa Graphic Arts, Inc. for Earthʼs Atmosphere and Its Seasons CD-ROM http://www.tasagraphicarts.com/progeas.html 1.The Importance of Weather (wx) The U.S.
Atmosphere SECTION 11.1 Atmospheric Basics In your textbook, read about the composition of the atmosphere. Circle the letter of the choice that best completes the statement. 1. Most of Earth s atmosphere
Validation and calibration of GHG satellite observations by ground based remote sensing measurements T. Warneke 1, J. Notholt 1, H. Chen 2 and TCCON partners 1 Institute of Environmental Physics, University
California Standards Grades 912 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping Earth Sciences Earth s Place in the Universe 1. Astronomy and planetary exploration reveal the solar system s structure,
Faculty of Physics and Earth Sciences Retrieval of vertical cloud properties of deepconvective clouds by spectral radiance measurements Tobias Zinner Evi Jäkel, Sandra Kanter, Florian Ewald, Tobias Kölling
CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction Fig. 6.11 Overview Atmosphere and ocean one interdependent system Solar energy creates winds Winds drive surface ocean currents and waves Examples of interactions: El Niño-Southern
MODULE - 4 Atmosphere Composition and Structure 9 ATMOSPHERE COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE Earth is a unique planet because the life is found only on this planet. The air has a special place among the conditions
Comparing Properties of Cirrus Clouds in the Tropics and Mid-latitudes Segayle C. Walford Academic Affiliation, fall 2001: Senior, The Pennsylvania State University SOARS summer 2001 Science Research Mentor:
Summary for Policymakers: The Science of Climate Change - IPCC Working Group I Contents 1. Greenhouse gas concentrations have continued to increase 2. Anthropogenic aerosols tend to produce negative radiative
78 Proceedings of the TAC-Conference, June 26 to 29, 2006, Oxford, UK Particle Emissions from Ship Engines: Emission Properties and Transformation in the Marine Boundary Layer A. Petzold *, B. Weinzierl,
Atmospheric Chemistry II Ozone in the atmosphere and its significance Stratosphere: UV filtering and heating; sources of OH and NO Troposphere: source of OH; pollution Most important: UV filtering in stratosphere
Chapter 6: Cloud Development and Forms (from The Blue Planet ) Why Clouds Form Static Stability Cloud Types Why Clouds Form? Clouds form when air rises and becomes saturated in response to adiabatic cooling.
More and different clouds from transport Klaus Gierens Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany Transport Emissions: The Climate Challenge
Western Pacific Air-Sea Interaction Study, Eds. M. Uematsu, Y. Yokouchi, Y. W. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and Y. Yamanaka, pp. 83 87. by TERRAPUB 2014. doi:10.5047/w-pass.a01.009 Eruption of Mt. Kilauea Impacted
Name: Class: Date: Atmospheric Properties Short Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Earth s atmosphere contains more
ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation Reading: Meteorology Today, Chapters 2 and 3 EARTH-SUN GEOMETRY The Earth has an elliptical orbit around the sun The average Earth-Sun
Climate Models: Uncertainties due to Clouds Joel Norris Assistant Professor of Climate and Atmospheric Sciences Scripps Institution of Oceanography Global mean radiative forcing of the climate system for
Lecture. Total radiative heating/cooling rates. Objectives:. Solar heating rates.. Total radiative heating/cooling rates in a cloudy atmosphere.. Total radiative heating/cooling rates in different aerosol-laden
Understanding Global Warming Paul Kushner Department of Physics, University of Toronto Oraynu Centre February 21, 2008 Outline Starting Points What Sets the Earth s Thermostat? Global Warming and Climate
TUESDAY: air & water & clouds Water, Phase Changes, Clouds How can freezing make something warmer? 'warm air can hold more water' why? How do clouds form? The (extraordinary) properties of Water Physical
Ch. 7 - Geographical Ecology, Climate & Biomes Weather - the short term properties of the troposphere at a given place and time. Climate - the average long-term weather of an area. averaged over a long
II Ozone Chemistry Ozone, a molecule consisting of three oxygen atoms, was first discovered in the 18s by the German scientist Christian Schönbein. He identified a new compound in laboratory experiments
www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/science.1182274/dc1 Supporting Online Material for Asian Monsoon Transport of Pollution to the Stratosphere William J. Randel,* Mijeong Park, Louisa Emmons, Doug Kinnison,
GEO 101: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Chapter 10: Global Climate Systems Why does the climate differ from one place to another? What controls the global climate? What typical climate patterns do we have across the
Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review Name Date S6E4 Students will understand how the distribution of land and oceans affects climate and weather. a. Demonstrate that land and water absorb and lose
What are clouds and how are they formed? Clouds are composed of water droplets and sometimes ice crystals. Clouds form when air that is rich in moisture near the Earth s surface rises higher into the atmosphere,
ATMOSPHERIC STRUCTURE. The vertical distribution of temperature, pressure, density, and composition of the atmosphere constitutes atmospheric structure. These quantities also vary with season and location
1. The chart shows the relationship between altitude and air pressure. What is the approximate air pressure at an altitude of 22 kilometers? A. 40 millibars B. 120 millibars C. 200 millibars D. 400 millibars
Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle Solar Flux and Flux Density Planetary energy balance Greenhouse Effect Vertical energy balance Latitudinal energy balance Seasonal and diurnal cycles Solar Luminosity (L)
Available online at www.ilcpa.pl International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy 2 (2014) 53-57 ISSN 2299-3843 Characterization of chemical processes involved in ozone depletion Enim Enim Asira
SOLAR RADIATION, HEAT BALANCE AND TEMPERATURE Do you feel air around you? Do you know that we live at the bottom of a huge pile of air? We inhale and exhale but we feel the air when it is in motion. It
CLOUDS Formation & Classification DR. K. K. CHANDRA Department of forestry, Wildlife & Environmental Sciences, GGV, Bilaspur What is Cloud It is mass of tiny water droplets or ice crystals or both of size
Atmospheric Science in the Deep South National Science Challenge Adrian McDonald University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand The Deep South The Deep South National Science Challenge is one of ten
Atmosphere 1. Insulator maintains our T balance (500 degrees F, T changes without it) 2. Shield from meteors 3. Ocean of air dynamic, distributes heat Look at Mr. Moon: 1. Temps light side- 400 degrees
Index of research groups / institutes International Foundation HFSJG Research group / institute Project Page ABB Switzerland, Ltd., Semiconductors Abteilung für Klima- und Umweltphysik, Belgian Institute
Cloud detection and clearing for the MOPITT instrument Juying Warner, John Gille, David P. Edwards and Paul Bailey National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado ABSTRACT The Measurement Of
Modelling the climatic influence of Volcanoes Paul Valdes, Peter Hopcroft, Jessy Kandlbauer School of Geographical Sciences University of Bristol Structure of Talk Introduction: How do climate models work?
REACT4C (FP7) Climate optimised Flight Planning Sigrun Matthes DLR, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre and REACT4C Project Team Volker Grewe (DLR), Peter Hullah (Eurocontrol), David Lee (MMU), Christophe
Titan: The Solar System s Abiotic Petroleum Factory J. Hunter Waite, Ph.D. Institute Scientist Space Science & Engineering Division Southwest Research Institute Titan: The Solar System s Abiotic Petroleum
In a majority of ice-crystal icing engine events, convective weather occurs in a very warm, moist, tropical-like environment. 22 avoiding convective Weather linked to Ice-crystal Icing engine events understanding
REMOTE SENSING OF CLOUD-AEROSOL RADIATIVE EFFECTS FROM SATELLITE DATA: A CASE STUDY OVER THE SOUTH OF PORTUGAL D. Santos (1), M. J. Costa (1,2), D. Bortoli (1,3) and A. M. Silva (1,2) (1) Évora Geophysics
SoGE Open Day 13 July 16 Deserts, dust and climate change: Why Physical Geography matters David Thomas Professor of Geography University of Oxford @kalaharidave Deserts and drylands What are the big dryland
1a. Mole fraction How many moles of X per mole of air? 1b. Volume mixing ratio how many liters of X per liter of air? 2. Partial pressure what is the pressure exerted by X in the air? Remember that for
Effects of moisture on static stability & convection Dry vs. "moist" air parcel: Lifting of an air parcel leads to adiabatic cooling. If the temperature of the parcel falls below the critical temperature
Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions
Finnish Marine Research Infrastructure FINMARI Lauri Laakso, Finnish Meteorological Institute Timo Tamminen, Finnish Environment Institute Finnish Meteorological Institute 1. National roadmap for key research
NOAA ESRL TOLNet Lidar The Tunable Optical Profiler for Aerosols and ozone (TOPAZ) 3-wavelength mobile differential absorption lidar (DIAL) system can profile O 3 and aerosol layers from near the surface
Name of research institute or organization: École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Title of project: Study of atmospheric ozone by a LIDAR Project leader and team: Dr. Valentin Simeonov, project
CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles I. Air Temperature: Five important factors influence air temperature: A. Insolation B. Latitude C. Surface types D. Coastal vs. interior
CHAPTER 3 Heat and energy in the atmosphere In Chapter 2 we examined the nature of energy and its interactions with Earth. Here we concentrate initially on the way in which energy interacts with the atmosphere
Chapter Overview CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction The atmosphere and the ocean are one independent system. Earth has seasons because of the tilt on its axis. There are three major wind belts in each hemisphere.
Test 2 f14 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Carbon cycles through the Earth system. During photosynthesis, carbon is a. released from wood
Kingdom Schools Science Department Grade 5- Term 2 Name: Date: Section: Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns Lesson 1 :How does Air move? Skill 8-1: Understand that air pressure is related to altitude,
Thoughts on Richter et al. presentation David Parrish - NOAA ESRL Analysis of satellite data moving from pretty pictures to quantitative results. Richter et al. represents one of at least 5 groups pursuing
TROPICAL SYNOPTIC METEOROLOGY Gary M. Lackmann Department of Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences North Carolina State University Keywords: Hadley cell, trade winds, easterly waves, intertropical convergence
United States Patent and Trademark Office 1338343 - April 27, 1920 - Process And Apparatus For The Production of Intense Artificial Clouds, Fogs, or Mists 1619183 - March 1, 1927 - Process of Producing
The NASA NEESPI Data Portal to Support Studies of Climate and Environmental Changes in Non-boreal Europe Suhung Shen NASA Goddard Space Flight Center/George Mason University Gregory Leptoukh, Tatiana Loboda,
Satellite observations of natural and anthropogenic aerosols effect on clouds and climate Yoram Kaufman NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Yoram.firstname.lastname@example.org Satellite observations of natural and anthropogenic
CARBON MONOXIDE, METHANE AND CARBON DIOXIDE RETRIEVED FROM SCIAMACHY NEAR-INFRARED NADIR OBSERVATIONS USING WFM-DOAS M. Buchwitz 1), R. de Beek 1), J. P. Burrows 1), H. Bovensmann 1), B. Dils 2), and M.
16 th IOCCG Committee annual meeting Plymouth, UK 15 17 February 2011 The Meteor 3M Mt satellite mission: Present status and near future plans MISSION AIMS Satellites of the series METEOR M M are purposed
DLR.de Chart 1 > Kathrin Hoeppner > EU-Chile-Workshop > November 28-29, 2013 > Punta Arenas, Chile German Antarctic Receiving Station GARS O Higgins: Remote sensing as core for a broader range of activities
GCOS science conference, 2 Mar. 2016, Amsterdam Status of Surface Radiation Budget Observation for Climate Nozomu Ohkawara Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) Contents 1. Background 2. Status t of surface
CALIPSO, CloudSat, CERES, and MODIS Merged Data Product Seiji Kato 1, Sunny Sun-Mack 2, Walter F. Miller 2, Fred G. Rose 2, and Victor E. Sothcott 2 1 NASA Langley Research Center 2 Science and Systems
Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence shows us that our climate is
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, DELHI DEPARTMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE ASL720: Satellite Meteorology and Remote Sensing TERM PAPER TOPIC: CLOUD CLASSIFICATION Group Members: Anil Kumar (2010ME10649) Mayank
NASA Facts National Aeronautics and Space Administration www.nasa.gov The Balance of Power in the Earth-Sun System The Sun is the major source of energy for Earth s oceans, atmosphere, land, and biosphere.
Active and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Passive remote sensing system record EMR that was reflected (e.g., blue, green, red, and near IR) or emitted (e.g., thermal IR) from the surface of the Earth.
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.