BIOLOGY STUDY PACKET THE BRAIN

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "BIOLOGY STUDY PACKET THE BRAIN"

Transcription

1 BIOLOGY STUDY PACKET THE BRAIN SC.912.L AA Spring 2012 The intent of this packet is to supplement regular classroom instruction, not to replace it. This also supposes that the students have access to their textbook material, both hard-copy and on-line.

2 Benchmark: SC.912.L AA Identify the major parts of the brain on diagrams or models. Benchmark Clarification: Students will identify the major parts of the brain on diagrams. Content Limit: Items are limited to the cerebrum, cerebellum, pons, medulla oblongata, brain stem, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and temporal lobe. The student should refer to their textbooks for text material on this topic: Regular Biology, Holt by Stephen Nowicki Chapter 29 Honors Biology, Pearson by Miller & Levine Chapter 31 A Piece of Your Mind: Brain Anatomy Student Pages Activity 1A (Following activity taken directly from Teacher Enrichment Initiatives/CAINE 2009 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio) You may want to view the PowerPoint that accompanies this information at Introduction: Today you will learn about the different structures of the human brain. The brain is a very complex organ made up of millions, if not billions, of cells. The average human brain is nearly three-pounds and fills most of the top half of your head and is roughly the size of a coconut fruit. Background: The Brain and Its Parts The brain may be divided into many parts, but for the purpose of this unit, four main parts will be defined. They are referred to as the Cerebrum, Diencephalon, Cerebellum, and Brain Stem. Even though they are part of one organ, they function differently and work together to control body activities. It is important to remember that each part of the brain is responsible for controlling a specific combination of activities within the body. An example of parts of the brain controlling at the same time would be the cerebrum and the cerebellum. The cerebrum controls processes that require conscious thought, sensation, and voluntary movement. The cerebellum regulates balance and coordination; both processes may occur at the same time.

3 Cerebrum The Cerebrum is the largest area of our brain. It makes up almost two-thirds of the volume of the total brain. The outward appearance of the cerebrum has a wrinkled surface. This wrinkling allows for a greater surface area so that more nerve cells (neurons) can fit into a smaller space. (Think about wrinkling a sheet of paper - the 8 1/2 X 11 page fits in a much smaller space after crumpling it.) This makes more neurons available for the complex human nervous system to do its work. The outermost layer of the cerebrum is called the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex is only 1/4 inch thick. It covers the wrinkled surface of the cerebrum like the bark of a tree. High-level human functions such as thought, memory, emotions, personality, voluntary movement and reasoning are controlled here. The cerebrum is divided into two halves, called hemispheres. The hemispheres are divided by a deep split, but the two halves communicate with each other and the rest of the brain through a network of connecting nerve tissue. Each hemisphere is divided into 5 lobes. Four of these lobes are easily studied because they are located on the surface of the cortex. 1. Frontal Lobe: responsible for thinking and creativity. The motor area is located within the frontal lobe. (#1 in the diagram) 1a. At the back of the frontal lobe is an area that controls motor functions. 2. Parietal Lobe: regulates memory of objects and their uses, and directions. Also located in this lobe is the sensory area, which receives many of the sensory messages such as touch, pain and temperature from the rest of the body and routes them to the correct area of the brain. (#2 in the diagram) 2a. At the front of the parietal lobe is an area that controls sensory functions. 3. Temporal Lobe: controls hearing, speech, and memory (#3 in the diagram) 4. Occipital Lobe: nerve impulses from the eyes are received, where the brain translates them into images. (#4 in the diagram) 5. Insular Lobe: this lobe is located beneath the other four lobes, and cannot be seen without pushing aside the frontal and temporal lobes. Scientists are not sure what are controlled by this lobe. Some studies have been done that indicate it is related to controlling behavior related to feelings of pleasure. (#5 in the diagram-under the flap) Cerebellum The cerebellum, or little brain, is similar to the cerebrum in its external appearance. It has two hemispheres and is folded on the surface or cortex. This structure is associated with regulation and coordination of movement, posture, and balance. It is

4 also believed to play a role in learning (cognitive) development. It is located below the rear part of the cerebrum, right behind the brainstem. (#6 in the diagram) Diencephalon The diencephalon is located below the two hemispheres of the cerebrum and above the brain stem. This area of the brain can be divided into two major parts, the thalamus and hypothalamus. The thalamus is associated with transmitting sensory impulses and the hypothalamus is associated with maintaining homeostasis (balance) in the body by controlling temperature, sleep, appetite, and some emotions. (#7 in the diagram) Brain Stem The brain stem is located below the diencephalon and connects to the spinal cord, which if found inside the vertebrae of the spine. It can be divided into three structural parts that include the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. (#8 in the diagram) 1. Midbrain: This area forms the upper part of the brain stem and functions to control and regulate various reflex actions such as those involved in the eyes, such as in the process of reading. (#8-1 in the diagram) 2. Pons: This area is located below the midbrain and is composed of nerve fibers that connect the two halves of the cerebellum to the brain stem. The name pons means Bridge as it is a bridge to these parts of the brain. The pons plays an important role in connecting the cerebellum with the rest of the nervous system, and is vital for integrating such involuntary actions as breathing. (#8-2 in the diagram) 3. Medula Oblongata: Located below the Pons, this region of the brain stem directly connects to the spinal cord. It contains a collection of nerve fibers that include motor fibers extending from the cerebrum. These fibers cross each other in this area of the brain stem and results in the right half of the brain controlling the left side of the body and the left half of the brain controlling the right side of the body. The Medulla Oblongata contains vital clusters of nerves involved in respiration, heartbeat and blood pressure. (#8-3 in the diagram) Materials: Class set of Student Activity Sheets Set of Brain Anatomy Worksheets for each student Colored pencils for each student Scissors to cut out brain flaps Glue or tape to glue brain flap Slide show included online with this activity Instructions: 1. Read the Background information section the brain and its parts. 2. Before coloring:

5 Be sure to cut out the small square flap on the Cerebrum and Cerebellum Student Page. Glue or tape in place as shown with dotted lines. As you color the lobes of the cerebrum, you will color the flap-leave the area under the flap white. 3. Follow along, filling out note sections and color coding each section. Be sure to write the name and function of each part. Teacher Enrichment Initiatives/CAINE 2009 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio To gain an idea a deeper sense of what happens in parts of the brain visit: D To gain an idea of how the brain functions and what happens to parts of the brain when they are damaged visit: Go to (all students have access) go to virtual lab and do the brain dissection. STUDENTS YOU ARE TO LABEL AND COLOR THE TWO BRAIN DIAGRAMS. DO THE CROSSWORD PUZZLE AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS.

6 Name: Teacher/period

7 Name: Teacher/period

8 Name Teacher/period

9

10 Teacher Answer Key Brain activities can be accessed at Brain Diagrams labels (from Teacher Enrichment Initiatives) 1. Frontal lobe 2. Parietal 3. Temporal lobe 4. Occipital lobe 5. Insular lobe (not tested) 6. Cerebellum 7. Diencephalon (the thalamus and hypothalamus 8. Brain Stem 8 1 midbrain 8-2 Pons 8-3 Medulla Oblongata Crossword Puzzle: (from classzone.com Across: Down: 1. Occipital lobe 2. Cerebrum 4. Frontal lobe 3. Parietal lobe 6. Medulla 5. Brain stem 7. Pons 8. Cerebellum 9. Temporal lobe FCAT QUESTIONS (from FCAT explorer) 1. B 2. A 3. A 4. A Optional Brain Cap Activity included.

Neuron Credit FCTI The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Neuron Credit FCTI The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio A Piece of Your Mind: Brain Anatomy Neuron Credit FCTI CEREBRUM: Frontal Lobe Frontal Lobe: Responsible espo s b e for o thinking ga and d ccreativity ea y The motor area is located within the frontal

More information

Vocabulary & General Concepts of Brain Organization

Vocabulary & General Concepts of Brain Organization Vocabulary & General Concepts of Brain Organization Jeanette J. Norden, Ph.D. Professor Emerita Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Course Outline Lecture 1: Vocabulary & General Concepts of Brain

More information

The Brain: Structure. Brain Structure. Brain Divisions 1/2/11

The Brain: Structure. Brain Structure. Brain Divisions 1/2/11 The Brain: Structure Brain structure evolved over millions of years Divided into sections Each section built upon the others Brain Structure Brain Divisions Hindbrain Midbrain Forebrain 1 Hindbrain Components

More information

Diagram 2(i): Structure of the Neuron

Diagram 2(i): Structure of the Neuron Diagram 2(i): Structure of the Neuron Generally speaking, we can divide the nervous system into different parts, according to location and function. So far we have mentioned the central nervous system

More information

Parts of the Brain. Chapter 1

Parts of the Brain. Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Parts of the Brain Living creatures are made up of cells. Groups of cells, similar in appearance and with the same function, form tissue. The brain is a soft mass of supportive tissues and nerve

More information

HUMAN NERVOUS SYSTEM

HUMAN NERVOUS SYSTEM Class X Episode 5 A. P State HUMAN NERVOUS SYSTEM The human nervous system can be divided into three parts or systems. They are: 1) The Central Nervous System or C N S 2) The Peripheral nervous System

More information

Human Neuroanatomy. Grades 9-12. Driving Question: How did the evolution of the human brain impact the structure and function it has today?

Human Neuroanatomy. Grades 9-12. Driving Question: How did the evolution of the human brain impact the structure and function it has today? Human Neuroanatomy Grades 9-12 Driving Question: How did the evolution of the human brain impact the structure and function it has today? Objectives: Students will be able to Describe the basic parts and

More information

CEN Outreach Lesson Plan Updated March Neuroanatomy. Grades 6-12

CEN Outreach Lesson Plan Updated March Neuroanatomy. Grades 6-12 Neuroanatomy Grades 6-12 Driving Question: In what ways do parts of the brain and body work together in order to maintain homeostasis? Objectives: Students will be able to Describe how neurons differ from

More information

Function (& other notes)

Function (& other notes) LAB 8. ANATOMY OF THE HUMAN BRAIN In this exercise you each will map the human brain both anatomy and function so that you can develop a more accurate picture of what s going on in your head :-) EXTERNAL

More information

Brain Power. Counseling and Mental Health

Brain Power. Counseling and Mental Health Brain Power Counseling and Mental Health TEA COPYRIGHT Copyright Texas Education Agency, 2012. These Materials are copyrighted and trademarked as the property of the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and may

More information

2401 : Anatomy/Physiology

2401 : Anatomy/Physiology Dr. Chris Doumen Week 7 2401 : Anatomy/Physiology The Brain Central Nervous System TextBook Readings Pages 431 through 435 and 463-467 Make use of the figures in your textbook ; a picture is worth a thousand

More information

Structural Classification of the Nervous System

Structural Classification of the Nervous System Structural Classification of the Nervous System Central nervous system (CNS) Brain and spinal cord Activates nerve responses Interprets sensations Peripheral nervous system (PNS) Composed of all the nerves

More information

Basic Brain Information

Basic Brain Information Basic Brain Information Brain facts Your brain weighs about 3lbs, or just under 1.5Kg It has the texture of blancmange Your brain is connected to your spinal cord by the brain stem Behind your brain stem

More information

Activity Overview. Make Up Your Mind: Brain Cap Activity. The Brain: It s All In Your Mind. Activity 1B. Activity Objectives: Activity Description:

Activity Overview. Make Up Your Mind: Brain Cap Activity. The Brain: It s All In Your Mind. Activity 1B. Activity Objectives: Activity Description: Make Up Your Mind: Brain Cap Activity Activity 1B Activity Objectives: Using paper templates, students will construct a three dimensional model of the exterior and interior of the brain. Students will

More information

Slide 4: Forebrain Structures. Slide 5: 4 Lobes of the Cerebral Cortex. Slide 6: The Cerebral Hemispheres (L & R)

Slide 4: Forebrain Structures. Slide 5: 4 Lobes of the Cerebral Cortex. Slide 6: The Cerebral Hemispheres (L & R) Slide 1: [Film Clip: The Brain #2- Phineas Gage] Integrated Bodily Communications Within Brain (Hemispheres and structures) The remaining Nervous System Endocrine System (Hormonal communication) Our bodies-

More information

One of the main arteries supplying the back of the brain.

One of the main arteries supplying the back of the brain. Glossary Anterior cerebral artery Arachnoid (mater) Arachnoid granulations (arachnoid villae) Basal ganglia (basal nuclei) Basilar artery Brainstem Brocca s area CSF CNS Carotid arteries Caudate nucleus

More information

The brain structure and function

The brain structure and function The brain structure and function This information is an extract from the booklet Understanding brain tumours. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a copy free see page 5. Contents Introduction

More information

Nervous System: PNS and CNS

Nervous System: PNS and CNS Nervous System: PNS and CNS Biology 105 Lecture 10 Chapter 8 Outline I. Central Nervous System vs Peripheral Nervous System II. Peripheral Nervous System A. Somatic Nervous System B. Autonomic Nervous

More information

First. The Nervous System is Composed of Two Parts. Peripheral Nervous System. Somatic System. Overview of the Nervous System

First. The Nervous System is Composed of Two Parts. Peripheral Nervous System. Somatic System. Overview of the Nervous System First Overview of the Nervous System The Brain and Behavior All parts are interrelated. Thus, you need all parts to function normally. Neurons = Nerve cells The Nervous System is Composed of Two Parts

More information

Go to the following web site and follow the instructions below:

Go to the following web site and follow the instructions below: The nervous system consists of three parts: the Brain, the Central Nervous System, and the Peripheral Nervous System. The Brain is the command center, the Central Nervous System is the brain and the spinal

More information

THE BRAIN AND CRANIAL NERVES

THE BRAIN AND CRANIAL NERVES THE BRAIN AND CRANIAL NERVES The Brain - made up of a trillion neurons - weighs about 3 lbs - has four principle parts 1. Brain stem - medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain (mesencephalon) 2. Diencephalon

More information

Functions of the Nervous System

Functions of the Nervous System NAME PERIOD MY TEST DATE: STUDY GUIDE UNIT 9 The Human Body NERVOUS SYSTEM TEST FORMAT: 10 Fill-Ins (using word bank) 20 Multiple choice DIAGRAMS: Neuron Brain DIAGRAMS + OPEN RESPONSE: Label the diagram

More information

Homework Help Stroke

Homework Help Stroke The Brain & Strokes Your brain is the most complex organ in your body. It is the command centre for everything you do, think, sense and say! It has over 100 billion special nerve cells called neurons.

More information

Related KidsHealth Links. Discussion Questions

Related KidsHealth Links. Discussion Questions Grades 6 to 8 Human Body Series KidsHealth.org/classroom Teacher s Guide This guide includes: Standards Related Links Discussion Questions Activities for Students Reproducible Materials Standards This

More information

Student Academic Learning Services Page 1 of 8 Nervous System Quiz

Student Academic Learning Services Page 1 of 8 Nervous System Quiz Student Academic Learning Services Page 1 of 8 Nervous System Quiz 1. The term central nervous system refers to the: A) autonomic and peripheral nervous systems B) brain, spinal cord, and cranial nerves

More information

What role does the nucleolus have in cell functioning? Glial cells

What role does the nucleolus have in cell functioning? Glial cells Nervous System Lab The nervous system of vertebrates can be divided into the central nervous system, which consists of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which contains nerves,

More information

Nervous System sensor input integration motor output sensory organs central nervous system

Nervous System sensor input integration motor output sensory organs central nervous system Nervous System Nervous system performs three overlapping functions of sensor input, integration, and motor output. This process is generally the same even at a very primitive level of nervous system, but

More information

Higher Human Biology Unit 3 Notes Divisions of the Nervous System. The Nervous System

Higher Human Biology Unit 3 Notes Divisions of the Nervous System. The Nervous System The Nervous System The nervous system of the human body is responsible for numerous functions, such as: analysing sensory information from the body and external environment storing some information making

More information

Chapter 4. The Brain

Chapter 4. The Brain Chapter 4 The Brain The Nervous System Central Nervous System (CNS) receives, processes, interprets and stores info (taste, sound, smell, color etc.) Sends information to muscles, glands and internal organs

More information

The central nervous system (CNS) composed of the brain and the spinal cord

The central nervous system (CNS) composed of the brain and the spinal cord Overview Click here for a link to an online overview of brain anatomy The human brain is a very complex organ with a very high processing capacity unmatched by any computer system: it is able to receive

More information

Sheep Brain Dissection Picture Guide

Sheep Brain Dissection Picture Guide Sheep Brain Dissection Picture Guide Figure 1: Right Hemisphere of Sheep s Brain Figure 2: Underside of Sheep s Brain Figure 3: Saggital cut of Sheep s Brain to reveal subcortical structures Figure 4:

More information

K N O W Y O U R. Brain B rbasics

K N O W Y O U R. Brain B rbasics K N O W Y O U R B R A I N Brain B rbasics a i n B a s i c s Introduction The brain is the most complex part of the human body. This threepound organ is the seat of intelligence, interpreter of the senses,

More information

3) Cerebral Cortex & Functions of the 4 LOBES. 5) Cranial Nerves (Nerves In the Cranium, i.e., Head)

3) Cerebral Cortex & Functions of the 4 LOBES. 5) Cranial Nerves (Nerves In the Cranium, i.e., Head) Lecture 5 (Oct 8 th ): ANATOMY and FUNCTION OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM Lecture Outline 1) Basic Divisions (CNS vs. PNS, Somatic vs. Autonomic) and Directional Terms 2) The Brain (Hindbrain/ Midbrain/ Forebrain)

More information

Module 1: The Brain and the Central Nervous System (CNS)

Module 1: The Brain and the Central Nervous System (CNS) Module 1: The Brain and the Central Nervous System (CNS) By the end of this unit, the learner will be able to: Describe the anatomy of the brain and the central nervous system Identify regions of the brain

More information

The Brain of a Normal Human

The Brain of a Normal Human The Brain of a Normal Human Your Brain Evolved Over Time Human Brain Logic and reasoning Mammalian Brain More complex feelings and reactions Lizard Brain Basic functions The Brain Stem or Hindbrain (The

More information

Introduction. Resources. Suggested answers. Science explanations

Introduction. Resources. Suggested answers. Science explanations Teacher Notes Introduction This activity gives students practice in recognising that different parts of the brain have different functions. They are given a set of short case studies of people with brain

More information

Basic brain information

Basic brain information Basic brain information Brain facts Your brain weighs about 3lbs, or just under 1.5Kg It has the texture of blancmange Your brain is connected to your spinal cord by the brain stem Behind your brain stem

More information

Central Nervous System (CNS) CNS composed of the brain and spinal cord Cephalization

Central Nervous System (CNS) CNS composed of the brain and spinal cord Cephalization Central Nervous System (CNS) CNS composed of the brain and spinal cord Cephalization Elaboration of the anterior portion of the CNS Increase in number of neurons in the head Highest level is reached in

More information

Chapter 9 Nervous System

Chapter 9 Nervous System Chapter 9 Nervous System Nervous System function: The nervous system is composed of neurons and neuroglia. at the ends of peripheral nerves gather information and convert it into nerve impulses. When sensory

More information

31.1 The Neuron. BUILD Vocabulary. Lesson Objectives

31.1 The Neuron. BUILD Vocabulary. Lesson Objectives Name Class Date 31.1 The Neuron Lesson Objectives Identify the functions of the nervous system. Describe the function of neurons. Describe how a nerve impulse is transmitted. BUILD Vocabulary A. The chart

More information

Nervous System. from the Human Body Systems Series. catalog # 2890. Published & Distributed by AGC/UNITED LEARNING

Nervous System. from the Human Body Systems Series. catalog # 2890. Published & Distributed by AGC/UNITED LEARNING Nervous System from the Human Body Systems Series catalog # 2890 Published & Distributed by AGC/UNITED LEARNING 1560 Sherman Avenue Suite 100 Evanston, IL 60201 1-800-323-9084 24-Hour Fax No. 847-328-6706

More information

Nervous System Organization. PNS and CNS. Nerves. Peripheral Nervous System. Peripheral Nervous System. Motor Component.

Nervous System Organization. PNS and CNS. Nerves. Peripheral Nervous System. Peripheral Nervous System. Motor Component. Nervous System Organization PNS and CNS Chapters 8 and 9 Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) connects CNS to sensory receptors, muscles and glands Central Nervous System (CNS) control/integrating center brain

More information

BIOL 1108 Vertebrate Anatomy Lab

BIOL 1108 Vertebrate Anatomy Lab BIOL 1108 Vertebrate Anatomy Lab This lab explores major organs associated with the circulatory, excretory, and nervous systems of mammals. Circulatory System Vertebrates are among the organisms that have

More information

Chapter 7: The Nervous System

Chapter 7: The Nervous System Chapter 7: The Nervous System I. Organization of the Nervous System Objectives: List the general functions of the nervous system Explain the structural and functional classifications of the nervous system

More information

NEURAL CONTROL AND COORDINATION

NEURAL CONTROL AND COORDINATION NEURAL CONTROL AND COORDINATION THE HUMAN NERVOUS SYSTEM VIKASANA - VIGNANA PATHADEDEGE NIMMA NADIGE Bridge Course Program for SSLC Students who want to take up Science in I PUC in 2012 CONTENTS Introduction

More information

THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND THE SENSES

THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND THE SENSES i A Wealth of Information. A World of Ideas. Instructor s Guide The Human Body: How It Works Introduction This program is part of the nine-part series The Human Body: How It Works. The series uses physiologic

More information

The connection between adjacent neurons.

The connection between adjacent neurons. 1. The diagram below is of a nerve cell or neuron. i. Add the following labels to the diagram. Axon; Myelin sheath; Cell body; Dendrites; Muscle fibres; ii. Now indicate the direction that the nerve impulse

More information

Lab Exercise 9. Nervous Tissue. Brain. Cranial Nerves. Spinal Cord. Spinal Nerves

Lab Exercise 9. Nervous Tissue. Brain. Cranial Nerves. Spinal Cord. Spinal Nerves Lab Exercise 9 Nervous Tissue Brain Cranial Nerves Spinal Cord Spinal Nerves Textbook Reference: See Chapter 11 for histology of nerve tissue and spinal cord See Chapter 12 for brain and spinal cord anatomy

More information

It s All in the Brain!

It s All in the Brain! It s All in the Brain! Presented by: Mari Hubig, M.Ed. 0-3 Outreach Coordinator Educational Resource Center on Deafness What is the Brain? The brain is a muscle In order to grow and flourish, the brain

More information

Central Nervous System

Central Nervous System Central Nervous System Brain one of largest organs in body: 3-3.5 lbs one of most metabolically active organs in body comprises only 2% of total body weight it yet gets 15% of blood consumes 20% of our

More information

The Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/Nervous System Worksheet/Worksheet Answers

The Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/Nervous System Worksheet/Worksheet Answers The Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/Nervous System Worksheet/Worksheet Answers From WikiEducator < The Anatomy and Physiology of Animals Nervous System Worksheet 1. The diagram below is of a nerve cell

More information

Adapted from Human Anatomy & Physiology by Marieb and Hoehn (9 th ed.)

Adapted from Human Anatomy & Physiology by Marieb and Hoehn (9 th ed.) BRAIN ANATOMY Adapted from Human Anatomy & Physiology by Marieb and Hoehn (9 th ed.) The anatomy of the brain is often discussed in terms of either the embryonic scheme or the medical scheme. The embryonic

More information

South Florida Science Museum Brain in Action Program Curriculum Grades 9-12

South Florida Science Museum Brain in Action Program Curriculum Grades 9-12 South Florida Science Museum Brain in Action Program Curriculum Grades 9-12 PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The South Florida Science Museum and Max Planck brings to you an interactive, ageappropriate program that

More information

CSE511 Brain & Memory Modeling. Lect04: Brain & Spine Neuroanatomy

CSE511 Brain & Memory Modeling. Lect04: Brain & Spine Neuroanatomy CSE511 Brain & Memory Modeling CSE511 Brain & Memory Modeling Lect02: BOSS Discrete Event Simulator Lect04: Brain & Spine Neuroanatomy Appendix of Purves et al., 4e Larry Wittie Computer Science, StonyBrook

More information

The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)

The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) o Controls involuntary responses o Divided into the sympathetic division and the parasympathetic division o Sympathetic: fight or flight o Parasympathetic: rest and digest

More information

Functions of the Brain

Functions of the Brain Objectives 0 Participants will be able to identify 4 characteristics of a healthy brain. 0 Participants will be able to state the functions of the brain. 0 Participants will be able to identify 3 types

More information

Nervous System Grades 3-5 BACKGROUND

Nervous System Grades 3-5 BACKGROUND Nervous System Grades 3-5 BACKGROUND The nervous system is the highway along which your brain sends and receives information about what is happening in the body and around it. This highway is made up of

More information

3. The neuron has many branch-like extensions called that receive input from other neurons. a. glia b. dendrites c. axons d.

3. The neuron has many branch-like extensions called that receive input from other neurons. a. glia b. dendrites c. axons d. Chapter Test 1. A cell that receives information and transmits it to other cells via an electrochemical process is called a(n) a. neuron b. hormone c. glia d. endorphin Answer: A difficulty: 1 factual

More information

DISSECTION OF THE SHEEP'S BRAIN

DISSECTION OF THE SHEEP'S BRAIN DISSECTION OF THE SHEEP'S BRAIN Introduction The purpose of the sheep brain dissection is to familiarize you with the threedimensional structure of the brain and teach you one of the great methods of studying

More information

Explore the Neuroscience for Kids Web Site (ANSWERS) Start at: http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/neurok.html

Explore the Neuroscience for Kids Web Site (ANSWERS) Start at: http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/neurok.html NAME Explore the Neuroscience for Kids Web Site (ANSWERS) Start at: http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/neurok.html On the left side, click on Explore, then click on The Neuron, then click on Millions

More information

AP Biology I. Nervous System Notes

AP Biology I. Nervous System Notes AP Biology I. Nervous System Notes 1. General information: passage of information occurs in two ways: Nerves - process and send information fast (eg. stepping on a tack) Hormones - process and send information

More information

Autism and the Brain

Autism and the Brain Autism and the Brain Jill Bailer and Barbara Behnke Jane Long Middle School, Houston, Texas, and Winamac High School, Winamac, Indiana In collaboration with Julia Whitney 1 and Celene Mulholland 2 1 Battelle

More information

BRAIN ANATOMY (Adapted from Johnson, Weipz and Savage Lab Book)

BRAIN ANATOMY (Adapted from Johnson, Weipz and Savage Lab Book) CJ Shuster Lab Addenum Brain Anatomy & Dissection Guide 1 BRAIN ANATOMY (Adapted from Johnson, Weipz and Savage Lab Book) Introduction The brain is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system.

More information

THE NEURAL SYSTEM. By Jessica Garcia, Elide Gonzalez, Jessica Alatorre, Diana Osuna and Fantasia Bolden

THE NEURAL SYSTEM. By Jessica Garcia, Elide Gonzalez, Jessica Alatorre, Diana Osuna and Fantasia Bolden THE NEURAL SYSTEM By Jessica Garcia, Elide Gonzalez, Jessica Alatorre, Diana Osuna and Fantasia Bolden Thoracic Spinal Nerves Sacral Spinal Nerves The Spinal Cord The Nervous System The Brain Cervical

More information

Distance Learning Program Anatomy of the Human Brain/Sheep Brain Dissection

Distance Learning Program Anatomy of the Human Brain/Sheep Brain Dissection Distance Learning Program Anatomy of the Human Brain/Sheep Brain Dissection This guide is for middle and high school students participating in AIMS Anatomy of the Human Brain and Sheep Brain Dissections.

More information

About Brain Injury: A Guide to Brain Anatomy Information from http://www.waiting.com, 1997-2002, Becca, Ltd.

About Brain Injury: A Guide to Brain Anatomy Information from http://www.waiting.com, 1997-2002, Becca, Ltd. About Brain Injury: A Guide to Brain Anatomy Information from http://www.waiting.com, 1997-2002, Becca, Ltd. Brain Anatomy Definitions Brainstem: The lower extension of the brain where it connects to the

More information

Andy Hira Lecture for Political Psychology SFU Spring 2013

Andy Hira Lecture for Political Psychology SFU Spring 2013 Andy Hira Lecture for Political Psychology SFU Spring 2013 Original Research: based on examining brains of corpses, animals. Diseases, mental probs can sometimes be traced to phys. probs within the brain.

More information

4-Nervous system I: Structure and organization

4-Nervous system I: Structure and organization 4-Nervous system I: Structure and organization GENERAL ORGANIZATION NEURON STRUCTURE BRAIN & CRANIAL NERVES SPINAL CORD & NERVES AUTONOMIC SYSTEM Announcements Andrew s Office Hours: Friday 9:00-10:00,

More information

Chapter 7: The Nervous System

Chapter 7: The Nervous System Chapter 7: The Nervous System Objectives Discuss the general organization of the nervous system Describe the structure & function of a nerve Draw and label the pathways involved in a withdraw reflex Define

More information

Brain & Mind. Bicester Community College Science Department

Brain & Mind. Bicester Community College Science Department B6 Brain & Mind B6 Key Questions How do animals respond to changes in their environment? How is information passed through the nervous system? What can we learn through conditioning? How do humans develop

More information

Core Concept: Neurons are connected to form pathways that result in reflex responses, conscious sensation, voluntary movement, and memory.

Core Concept: Neurons are connected to form pathways that result in reflex responses, conscious sensation, voluntary movement, and memory. Hand on a Hot Stove Core Concept: Neurons are connected to form pathways that result in reflex responses, conscious sensation, voluntary movement, and memory. Class time required: Approximately 2 forty

More information

Section 1 Understanding brain injury and the brain

Section 1 Understanding brain injury and the brain Section 1 Understanding brain injury and the brain Acquired brain injury (also known as ABI) is damage to the brain that was not present at birth but has occurred since, and which is non-progressive. An

More information

Brain Tutorial. Gross Anatomy Lab #21. Fall 2015 Modified from Dr. Len White Brain and Behavior Many images from Neurosciences, 5 th edihon.

Brain Tutorial. Gross Anatomy Lab #21. Fall 2015 Modified from Dr. Len White Brain and Behavior Many images from Neurosciences, 5 th edihon. Brain Tutorial Gross Anatomy Lab #21 Fall 2015 Modified from Dr. Len White Brain and Behavior Many images from Neurosciences, 5 th edihon. GA Brain Tutorial 2015 For the Brain lab and this tutorial your

More information

Chapter 12. Motor Nervous System

Chapter 12. Motor Nervous System Chapter 12 Central Nervous System The Nervous System is a control system that regulates body functions along with the endocrine system. It is divided into the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral

More information

Brain Tumor 101. Shanna Armstrong, RN Neuro Oncology Nurse Clinician UC Brain Tumor Center

Brain Tumor 101. Shanna Armstrong, RN Neuro Oncology Nurse Clinician UC Brain Tumor Center Brain Tumor 101 Shanna Armstrong, RN Neuro Oncology Nurse Clinician UC Brain Tumor Center Objectives Identify the different parts of the brain Describe how each part of the brain works Connect each part

More information

Sheep Brain Dissection

Sheep Brain Dissection Sheep Brain Dissection http://www.carolina.com/product/preserved+organisms/preserved+animals+%28mammal s%29/sheep+organs/preserved+sheep+dissection.do Michigan State University Neuroscience Program Brain

More information

What is the basic component of the brain and spinal cord communication system?

What is the basic component of the brain and spinal cord communication system? EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY David Myers The Biology of Mind Chapter 2 Neural Communication Neurons How Neurons Communicate How Neurotransmitters Influence Us The Nervous System The Peripheral Nervous System The

More information

Laboratory 7 Brain Anatomy

Laboratory 7 Brain Anatomy Laboratory 7 Brain Anatomy Goals: Describe the organization & function of the three meningeal layers. Explain where cerebrospinal fluid is found in the central nervous system Identify the major structures

More information

Table of Contents. Neurotra nsmission F act Sh eet Page 2. Neurotransmission Scavenger Hunt Page 4. Brain Parts Fact Sheet Page 6

Table of Contents. Neurotra nsmission F act Sh eet Page 2. Neurotransmission Scavenger Hunt Page 4. Brain Parts Fact Sheet Page 6 Table of Contents Neurotra nsmission F act Sh eet Page 2 Neurotransmission Scavenger Hunt Page 4 Brain Parts Fact Sheet Page 6 Nicotine and the Brain Page 8 Alcohol and the Brain Page 10 Puzzle Pieces

More information

Best Teaching Practices Conference. Teacher ID: BTPC07_07 SUBJECT: BIOLOGY. Class: X. TOPIC: Exploring our Nervous System

Best Teaching Practices Conference. Teacher ID: BTPC07_07 SUBJECT: BIOLOGY. Class: X. TOPIC: Exploring our Nervous System Best Teaching Practices Conference Teacher ID: BTPC07_07 SUBJECT: BIOLOGY Class: X TOPIC: Exploring our Nervous System OBJECTIVES: Use Information Technology to enable the students to: Explain the general

More information

PSK171 STRESS MANAGEMENT

PSK171 STRESS MANAGEMENT PSK171 STRESS MANAGEMENT Chapter 2 Systems that control stress arousal Controlling Stress & Tension Girdano, Dusek & Everly Ligands Ligands (amino acid molecules) Biochemicals that carry information Neurohormones

More information

BIO130 Chapter 14 The Brain and Cranial Nerves Lecture Outline

BIO130 Chapter 14 The Brain and Cranial Nerves Lecture Outline BIO130 Chapter 14 The Brain and Cranial Nerves Lecture Outline Brain structure 1. Cerebrum Hemispheres: left & right Cerebral cortex Gyri Sulci Fissures Longitudinal fissure Corpus callosum Lobes Central

More information

Nervous System Function:

Nervous System Function: Nervous System Function: It regulates and coordinates many of the other systems. It controls memory and logical thought, and it gives the body the ability to react or respond to both internal and external

More information

Section 1. Understanding brain injury and the brain. What is acquired brain injury? Section 1

Section 1. Understanding brain injury and the brain. What is acquired brain injury? Section 1 Section 1 Understanding brain injury and the brain Section 1 What is acquired brain injury? Acquired brain injury (also known as ABI) is damage to the brain that was not present at birth but has occurred

More information

A LIFESPAN OF BRAIN DEVELOPMENT

A LIFESPAN OF BRAIN DEVELOPMENT PURDUE UNIVERSITY COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE Crawford County A LIFESPAN OF BRAIN DEVELOPMENT Developed by Carol Judd Description: Brain architecture is a process that begins early in life and continues

More information

How the Brain Works Classroom Activity

How the Brain Works Classroom Activity How the Brain Works Classroom Activity The Classroom Activity introduces students to the context of a performance task, so they are not disadvantaged in demonstrating the skills the task intends to assess.

More information

Brain Anatomy on CT & MRI. Department of Radiation Oncology

Brain Anatomy on CT & MRI. Department of Radiation Oncology Brain Anatomy on CT & MRI Rebecca L. Frame, BS, CMD Rebecca L. Frame, BS, CMD Department of Radiation Oncology Objectives 1. Brain Facts 2. MRI Imaging Techniques 3. How the Various Imaging Helps Us in

More information

2. Regulator responses - controlling responses and directing them to the right place

2. Regulator responses - controlling responses and directing them to the right place Nervous Regulation A. Functions of the nervous system Maintain Regulator responses - controlling responses and directing them to the right place 3. Coordinate responses - B. Mechanisms for Nervous Regulation

More information

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Sensory Pathway (PNS) OVERVIEW OF SPINAL CORD ANATOMY OF THE SPINAL CORD FUNCTIONS OF THE SPINAL CORD

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Sensory Pathway (PNS) OVERVIEW OF SPINAL CORD ANATOMY OF THE SPINAL CORD FUNCTIONS OF THE SPINAL CORD CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM Central nervous system (CNS) brain and spinal cord enclosed in bony coverings Functions of the spinal cord spinal cord reflexes integration ti (summation of inhibitory and excitatory)

More information

Chapter 2. The Biological Perspective

Chapter 2. The Biological Perspective Chapter 2 The Biological Perspective The Nervous System - An extensive network of specialized cells that carries information to and from all parts of the body. Neurons & Nerves: Building the Network Neuron

More information

Lesson Plan in Brief What To Know What To Do What To Say

Lesson Plan in Brief What To Know What To Do What To Say Lesson Plan Leader s Guide Lesson Plan in Brief What To Know What To Do What To Say Children and parents need to know about alcohol and its effects to make good decisions about drinking. They need to

More information

The Anatomy of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

The Anatomy of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) The Anatomy of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) What is the Spinal Cord? The spinal cord is that part of your central nervous system that transmits messages between your brain and your body. The spinal cord has

More information

Name: Teacher: Olsen Hour:

Name: Teacher: Olsen Hour: Name: Teacher: Olsen Hour: The Nervous System: Part 1 Textbook p216-225 41 In all exercises, quizzes and tests in this class, always answer in your own words. That is the only way that you can show that

More information

Dementia Awareness Introduction Dementia Awareness 1

Dementia Awareness Introduction Dementia Awareness 1 Introduction Dementia Awareness 1 These learning resources and assessment questions have been approved and endorsed by NCFE. Disclaimer: All references to individuals, groups and companies contained within

More information

S.M.A.R.T.box. Brain and Nervous System Your Information Superhighway Teacher s Guide CURRICULUM MEDIA GROUP

S.M.A.R.T.box. Brain and Nervous System Your Information Superhighway Teacher s Guide CURRICULUM MEDIA GROUP CURRICULUM MEDIA GROUP S.M.A.R.T.box Standards-based MediA Resource for Teachers TM Brain and Nervous System Your Information Superhighway Teacher s Guide 33117 A DIVISION OF FILMS MEDIA GROUP INTRODUCTION

More information

Brain Development. Genetic make-up... is not the major determiner

Brain Development. Genetic make-up... is not the major determiner Brain Development Presented by: Linda Alsop SKI-HI Institute Utah State University Genetic make-up... is not the major determiner Early experiences are so powerful that they can completely change the way

More information

The Amazing Brain LEVELED BOOK Y. A Reading A Z Level Y Leveled Book Word Count: 1,470. www.readinga-z.com

The Amazing Brain LEVELED BOOK Y. A Reading A Z Level Y Leveled Book Word Count: 1,470. www.readinga-z.com The Amazing Brain A Reading A Z Level Y Leveled Book Word Count: 1,470 LEVELED BOOK Y The Amazing Brain Visit for thousands of books and materials. Photo Photo Credits: Credits: Photo Credits: Front Front

More information

TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI) According to the IDEA, (2004), traumatic brain injury is defined by as:

TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI) According to the IDEA, (2004), traumatic brain injury is defined by as: TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI) DEFINITION: According to the IDEA, (2004), traumatic brain injury is defined by as: An acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total

More information

ANIMATED NEUROSCIENCE

ANIMATED NEUROSCIENCE ANIMATED NEUROSCIENCE and the Action of Nicotine, Cocaine, and Marijuana in the Brain Te a c h e r s G u i d e Films for the Humanities & Sciences Background Information This program, made entirely of

More information

Neurons Fox Chapter 7 pt 1

Neurons Fox Chapter 7 pt 1 Vert Phys PCB3743 Neurons Fox Chapter 7 pt 1 T. Houpt, Ph.D. Structure of Vertebrates Two major compartments of the body Peripheral Compartment Everything outside of the brain and spinal cord (heart, lungs,

More information