Watchin the Wabash A publication of the Upper Wabash River Basin Commission

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Watchin the Wabash A publication of the Upper Wabash River Basin Commission"

Transcription

1 Watchin the Wabash A publication of the Upper Wabash River Basin Commission Volume 2, Issue 1 May 2014 The Upper Wabash River Basin Commission meets every 2 months at 7:00 a.m. at the Wells Co. Government Annex 223 W. Washington St., Bluffton, IN. UWRBC MEETING SCHEDULE June 10, 2014 August 12, 2014 October 14, 2014 December 9, 2014 The UWRBC Steering Committee meets every 2 months at 12 noon at the USDA Service Center, 117 W. Harvest Rd., Bluffton, IN. STEERING COMMITTEE MEETING SCHEDULE May 20, 2014 July 29, 2014 September 23, 2014 November 25, 2014 The public is encouraged and welcome to attend. In this issue: Water Quality Data 2-6 Monitoring Site Pictures 2014 Events 8 Volunteers Wanted 8 Mission Statement 8 Contact Information 8 7 The Watershed Management Plan The Watershed Inventory The UWRBC has compiled information gathered during the watershed inventory, which details the physical characteristics and features in the project area; Eight Mile Creek, Wabash River-Griffin Ditch, and Rock Creek. Geology and topography Hydrology (drainage patterns) Soils Land Use Identifying Problems, Causes and Sources The list of stakeholder concerns previously identified is being analyzed for the possible problems, causes, and sources of water quality impairments to the Wabash River and its tributaries to determine if a problem exists or if there is a resource present that needs to be protected. What concerns me about my watershed? How do I want it to be different? What are the things I want to change? Local Planning Efforts Rare, threatened and endangered plants and animals Watershed Summaries Problem: the things that you or the wildlife is kept form doing because of pollution or potential land use changes in the watershed. Cause: the cause is very often a particular pollutant (e.g., sediment, E. coli, etc.), but might also be a lack of awareness or loss of something (e.g., wetlands). Source: is the location or activity that the cause(s) or pollutant(s) come from (e.g., failed septic systems). Water Quality Improvement Goals and Strategies The Upper Wabash River Basin Commission members, Steering Committee and local stakeholders will soon begin the process of setting water quality improvement goals and identifying implementation strategies to reach the objectives to address the water quality concerns identified by stakeholders. Public input is always welcome.

2 Page 2 Water Quality Monitoring Data Watchin the Wabash The UWRBC conducts water quality monitoring at 15 sites in the project area; on the Eight Mile Creek, Wabash River, and Rock Creek (and Eikenberry Ditch, a tributary to the Rock Creek). Samples are collected monthly (as weather conditions allow) and the data is used to evaluate the health of the stream or river. The following test results are from September through November Oxygen is as important to life in water as it is to life on land. Although oxygen atoms are present in the water molecule (H2O), most aquatic life require oxygen in the free elemental state (O2) as a dissolved gas. The amount of oxygen in water is called the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration. Oxygen dissolves into the water from the atmosphere until the water is saturated. Aquatic plants, algae, and plankton also produce oxygen as a by-product of photosynthesis; which is why oxygen levels rise during the day and fall at night during respiration. Presence of oxygen in water is a positive sign, while absence of oxygen from water often indicates water pollution. Percent saturation is the level of DO in the water compared to the total amount of DO that the water has the ability to hold at a given temperature and pressure. Cold water can hold more dissolved oxygen than warm water. Thus, daily and seasonal temperature changes, as well as thermal pollution, greatly impact oxygen levels and aquatic life in streams and rivers. Supersaturation: High levels of bacteria or large amounts of rotting organic material can consume oxygen very rapidly and cause the percent saturation to decrease. Conversely, water may become supersaturated for short periods of time, holding more than 100% of the oxygen it would hold under normal conditions. Supersaturation is often caused by high levels of photosynthesis in streams overloaded with aquatic plants and algae. Supersaturation can be harmful to aquatic organisms, causing gas bubble disease, a condition similar to the bends, which scuba divers may get if they surface too fast.

3 Volume 2, Issue 1 Page 3 The ph level is an important measure of water quality because aquatic organisms are sensitive to ph. Many natural processes affect ph. Waterbodies with higher temperatures have slightly lower ph values. Lower ph values increase the solubility of some heavy metals, such as copper and aluminum, allowing them to dissolve into the water and become toxic to aquatic organisms. Also, algae blooms remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the water during photosynthesis, which may raise ph. Water temperature is very important to overall water and stream quality. Temperature affects: Dissolved Oxygen Levels, Rate of Photosynthesis, and Metabolic Rates of Aquatic Organisms. Many animals require specific temperatures to survive. Water temperature varies naturally with changes of the seasons, the amount of rainfall, and flow rates. Turbidity is the relative clarity of the water. Turbid water is more cloudy, and is caused by suspended matter including clay, silt, organic and inorganic matter, and algae. Turbidity should not be confused with color, since darkly colored water (like tea) can still be clear and not turbid. Turbid water may be the result of soil erosion, urban runoff, algal blooms, and bottom sediment disturbances caused by boat traffic or abundant bottom feeding fish.

4 Page 4 Watchin the Wabash Phosphorus (P) occurs in nature in the form of phosphates (PO4). Orthophosphates are one form of phosphates. Orthophosphates are dissolved in the water (mostly inorganic) and are readily available for plant uptake. Thus, the orthophosphate concentration is useful as an indicator of current potential for algae blooms and eutrophication. Nitrogen makes up about 80% of the air we breathe, and it is found in all living things. Nitrogen occurs in water as nitrate (NO3), nitrite (NO4), and ammonia. It enters the water from human and animal waste, decomposing organic matter, and runoff of fertilizer from lawns and crops. Nitrates are an essential nutrient for plant growth. Similar to phosphates, these are a main ingredient in fertilizers and can lead to increased aquatic plant growth and eutrophication. E. coli is a specific species of fecal coliform bacteria. Some strains of E. coli can lead to illness in humans. While not all strains are pathogenic themselves, they occur with other intestinal tract pathogens that may be dangerous to human health. We test for the presence of E. coli as an indicator of fecal contamination. Fecal coliform bacteria are found in the feces of warmblooded animals, including humans, livestock, and waterfowl. These bacteria are naturally present in the digestive tracts of animals, but are rare or absent in unpolluted waters. Fecal coliform bacteria typically enter water via combined sewer overflows (CSOs), poor septic systems, and runoff from agricultural feedlots or manure stockpiling and field applications.

5 Volume 2, Issue 1 Page 5 Stream Flow or Discharge is the amount (volume) of water flowing in the stream per second. This measurement is important because it influences other physical, chemical, and biological factors in the stream (i.e., all of our other tests). A high discharge rate may indicate recent rainfall or snowmelt events. When a large amount of rain runs off the land, it often carries sediments and nutrients to the stream. Very low discharge rates may indicate drought conditions, which also affect water quality and aquatic life.

6 Page 6 Watchin the Wabash 9/12/13 9/15/13: Site 2: 60-70% algae, Site 7: Minnows present, Site 10: 60% algae, Site 13: Native mussels present, and Site 15: Minnows and 2 types of native mussels present HRW Volunteer 10/12/13: Site 13: Minnows & sunfish fingerlings present, native mussels 1 3 ½-4 and a cluster of ¾ mussels present; rusty crayfish (invasive species) present Benthic macroinvertebrates are continuous indicators of environmental quality. The composition of a macroinvertebrate community in a stream reflects that stream's physical and chemical conditions over time. Biological stream monitoring is based on the fact that different species react to pollution in different ways. Pollution-sensitive organisms are more susceptible to the effects of physical or chemical changes in a stream than other organisms. These organisms act as indicators of the absence of pollutants. Pollution-tolerant organisms are less susceptible to changes in physical and chemical parameters in a stream. The presence or absence of such indicator organisms is an indirect measure of pollution. When a stream becomes polluted, pollutionsensitive organisms decrease in number or disappear; while pollution-tolerant organisms increase in variety and number. The purpose of the index is to provide a measure of the stream habitat and riparian health that generally corresponds to physical factors affecting fish and other aquatic life (i.e., macroinvertebrates). The CQHEI produces a total score that can be used to compare changes at one site over time or compare two different sites. Maximum total points for the CQHEI is 114. If the score is over 100, it would be an exceptional high-quality stream. A set of ranges for Excellent, Medium, Poor, Very Poor has not yet been developed for this index. Water Quality Monitoring Data Information Sites 1-4 are on Eight Mile Creek; sites 5-9 and site 12 are on the Wabash River; and sites are on Rock Creek (site 11 is on the Eikenberry Ditch, a tributary to the Rock Creek). Site 13D-1 and 13D-2 are duplicate tests performed at site 13 for quality assurance. The Hoosier Riverwatch volunteer monitoring is only conducted 1 time per year on Sites 2 (Eight Mile), 7 (Wabash River), and 13 (Rock Creek). Blank spaces in the data indicate that due to unforeseen circumstances the test was not performed at that site on that event. This may be due to water levels, access to the site, time constraints, equipment problems or other issues that arise in the field.

7 Volume 2, 1, Issue 13 Page 37 Water Quality Monitoring Sites Eight Mile Site 1 Site 2 Wabash River Site 3 Site 4 Site 5 Site 7 Site 6 Site 8 Site 9 Site 12 Rock Creek Site 10 Site 11 (Eikenberry) Site 13 Site 14 Site 15

8 UPPER WABASH RIVER BASIN COMMISSION 117 W. Harvest Road Bluffton, IN The Upper Wabash River Basin Commission This project has been funded wholly or in part by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under assistance agreement number C600E72012 to the Indiana Department of Environmental Management. The contents of this document do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Environmental Protection Agency, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. A cooperation of local government established in 2001 under IC Huntington, Wells, Adams and Jay Counties 2014 Events Wabash River Clean-ups June 14, 2012 ~ 12 noon White Bridge to Main Street Bridge September 13, 2014 ~ 12 noon Main Street Bridge to Gerber Bridge Wetland / Buffer Workshop June 12, 2014 ~ 5:30-8:00 p.m. City of Bluffton s Native Habitat Area Parking area on Elm Grove Road. Volunteer Water Quality Monitoring August 16, 2014 ~ 8 a.m. Alternate date: August 23, 2014 Fertilizer Management Workshop (Date/location to be determined.) Volunteers Wanted The UWRBC is looking for volunteers to help conduct Hoosier Riverwatch water quality monitoring. Volunteers work with the Water Quality Consultant and Watershed Coordinator to collect Hoosier Riverwatch data at three monitoring locations up to 4 times per year. Hoosier Riverwatch monitoring involves recording test results for dissolved oxygen, temperature, ph, nitrate-nitrite, orthophosphate, E. coli, turbidity, and flow. Volunteers will also collect macro invertebrates (water bugs) and conduct habitat evaluations at the three Hoosier Riverwatch designated sites (HR sites #2, #7, and #13). Monitoring activities are expected to take 1-1 1/2 hours per site, and volunteers can participate in monitoring activities at one site, or all sites, as available. To volunteer, contact the UWRBC Watershed Coordinator. UWRBC Mission Statement To provide regional leadership and promotion of flood prevention and control, soil and water conservation, and related resource management through a coordinated and comprehensive planning and implementing approach in which projects of the Commission will not adversely affect landowners within the watershed. For more information contact: Stacia Henderson, UWRBC Watershed Coordinator Phone: 260/

Water Quality Indicators Lab

Water Quality Indicators Lab Water Quality Indicators Lab Introduction Water is an essential resource for all life forms. In fact, water is the main component in cells and it composes up to 60 to 70 percent of the weight of living

More information

Welcome to the Understanding Dissolved Oxygen learning module. This section provides information on the following topics:

Welcome to the Understanding Dissolved Oxygen learning module. This section provides information on the following topics: Introduction Welcome to the learning module. This section provides information on the following topics: How dissolved oxygen is defined and measured in numbers Why dissolved oxygen is important Natural

More information

STORMWATER MONITORING: POLLUTANTS, SOURCES, AND SOLUTIONS

STORMWATER MONITORING: POLLUTANTS, SOURCES, AND SOLUTIONS RICHLAND COUNTY STORMWATER MANAGEMENT DIVISION STORMWATER MONITORING: POLLUTANTS, SOURCES, AND SOLUTIONS As part of the federal government s National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit (NPDES)

More information

Fertile Green: Nutrients and Water

Fertile Green: Nutrients and Water Fertile Green: Nutrients and Water Students observe the effects of nutrients on algae growth in water samples. Level(s): 6-8 Subject(s): Life Science; Chemistry Virginia SOLs: 6.5 f,g; 6.7 a,f,g; 6.9 a,c;

More information

Chapter 1 BACTERIA AND WATER QUALITY

Chapter 1 BACTERIA AND WATER QUALITY Chapter 1 BACTERIA AND WATER QUALITY What are Bacteria? What are Indicator Bacteria? How Do Bacteria Get Into Streams and Rivers? What Risks Do Bacteria Pose To Human Health? Georgia Bacterial Standards

More information

Phosphorus. Phosphorus Lake Whatcom Cooperative Management. www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/nonpoint/phosphorus/phosphorusban.html

Phosphorus. Phosphorus Lake Whatcom Cooperative Management. www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/nonpoint/phosphorus/phosphorusban.html Phosphorus Phosphorus Brochure Lake Whatcom Cooperative Management Reducing Phosphorus Website Washington State Department of Ecology www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/nonpoint/phosphorus/phosphorusban.html Nutrients

More information

Water Pollution Graphing

Water Pollution Graphing Water Pollution Graphing Revised October 2011 PURPOSE: To describe and identify the link between land use activities within a watershed and water quality. SUMMARY: Students will evaluate the quality of

More information

Total Suspended Solids Total Dissolved Solids Hardness

Total Suspended Solids Total Dissolved Solids Hardness Total Suspended Solids (TSS) are solids in water that can be trapped by a filter. TSS can include a wide variety of material, such as silt, decaying plant and animal matter, industrial wastes, and sewage.

More information

LIMNOLOGY, WATER QUALITY

LIMNOLOGY, WATER QUALITY LIMNOLOGY, WATER QUALITY PA RANI ET E R S, AN D c 0 IV D IT I 0 N S AND ECOREGIONS Water Quality Parameters Nutrients are important parameters because phosphorous and nitrogen are major nutrients required

More information

Water Quality: Nitrate and Phosphate

Water Quality: Nitrate and Phosphate 1 Water Quality: Nitrate and Phosphate In this investigation, students will measure the nitrate and phosphate concentrations in the water at their monitoring site. Time: 15-20 minutes When: Every visit

More information

POND MANAGEMENT NEVADA COUNTY RESOURCE CONSERVATION DISTRICT WEED, ALGAE & PEST CONTROL WHY CONTROL AQUATIC WEEDS?

POND MANAGEMENT NEVADA COUNTY RESOURCE CONSERVATION DISTRICT WEED, ALGAE & PEST CONTROL WHY CONTROL AQUATIC WEEDS? NEVADA COUNTY RESOURCE CONSERVATION DISTRICT WHY CONTROL AQUATIC WEEDS? POND MANAGEMENT WEED, ALGAE & PEST CONTROL Aquatic weed infestations adversely affect fish, wildlife, hunting, fishing, boating,

More information

Urban Ecology: Watersheds and Aquatic Ecology A BIOBUGS program

Urban Ecology: Watersheds and Aquatic Ecology A BIOBUGS program NAME: Urban Ecology: Watersheds and Aquatic Ecology A BIOBUGS program Objective: To describe the health of the Muddy River in the Fens wetlands system of Boston by examining abiotic and biotic parameters.

More information

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other

More information

Water pollution: the human connection

Water pollution: the human connection Water pollution: the human connection boat ramp surfing waves Warm up: have you ever seen polluted water? what does polluted water look like? what does it smell like? Notes: 1. Ask the students to write

More information

Storm Water and Pollution Prevention

Storm Water and Pollution Prevention Storm Water and Pollution Prevention What is storm water? Storm water is water from precipitation such as rain or snow that flows across the ground and pavement. That water seeps into the ground or collects

More information

Water Treatment Filtration Lab. discharged into an aquatic ecosystem? We had to build a water filtration system with

Water Treatment Filtration Lab. discharged into an aquatic ecosystem? We had to build a water filtration system with Water Treatment Filtration Lab Brandon Lyons P.5 APES Abstract: How could polluted water be remediated so that it could support life when it is discharged into an aquatic ecosystem? We had to build a water

More information

SPA Annual Report for 2002 September, 2003 Montgomery County Department of Environmental Protection Page 125. Evaluation and Recommendations

SPA Annual Report for 2002 September, 2003 Montgomery County Department of Environmental Protection Page 125. Evaluation and Recommendations Montgomery County Department of Environmental Protection Page 125 Evaluation and Recommendations Monitoring efforts in the Special Protection Areas continue to provide the kind of information needed to

More information

Pollution Sources NEIGHBORHOOD WATER QUALITY

Pollution Sources NEIGHBORHOOD WATER QUALITY Lesson 2. Pollution and Water Quality Keywords: pollutants, water pollution, point source, non-point source, urban pollution, agricultural pollution, atmospheric pollution, smog, nutrient pollution, eutrophication,

More information

This publication was prepared by the Minnesota River Data Review Team. Additional review was provided by the Minnesota Department of Health.

This publication was prepared by the Minnesota River Data Review Team. Additional review was provided by the Minnesota Department of Health. This publication was prepared by the Minnesota River Data Review Team. Additional review was provided by the Minnesota Department of Health. The data review team is coordinated by the Minnesota River Basin

More information

Section 5.3 - Surface Water Quality of the La Salle River (Source: Manitoba Water Stewardship)

Section 5.3 - Surface Water Quality of the La Salle River (Source: Manitoba Water Stewardship) Section 5.3 - Surface Water Quality of the La Salle River (Source: Manitoba Water Stewardship) The La Salle River Watershed from a Water Quality Perspective. A number of reports/studies have been conducted

More information

Missouri Streams. Fact Sheet. By Danny Brown & Jim Czarnezki Edited by Chris Riggert & Sarah Wolken

Missouri Streams. Fact Sheet. By Danny Brown & Jim Czarnezki Edited by Chris Riggert & Sarah Wolken Missouri Streams Fact Sheet By Danny Brown & Jim Czarnezki Edited by Chris Riggert & Sarah Wolken Chemical parameters play an important role in the health, abundance, and diversity of aquatic life. They

More information

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A.

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A. Earth s Cycles 1. Models are often used to explain scientific knowledge or experimental results. A model of the carbon cycle is shown below. Which of the following can be determined based on this model?

More information

NUTRIENT CYCLES (How are nutrients recycled through ecosystems?)

NUTRIENT CYCLES (How are nutrients recycled through ecosystems?) NUTRIENT CYCLES (How are nutrients recycled through ecosystems?) Why? We have learned the importance of recycling our trash. It allows us to use something again for another purpose and prevents the loss

More information

Clean Water Services. Ecosystems Services Case Study: Tualatin River, Washington

Clean Water Services. Ecosystems Services Case Study: Tualatin River, Washington Viewed broadly, the concept of ecosystem services describes the many resources and services provided by nature. Typically, traditional planning and development practices do not adequately represent the

More information

SECTION 2. Monitoring water quality in estuaries

SECTION 2. Monitoring water quality in estuaries 2 1 SECTION 2 Monitoring water quality in estuaries The Waterwatch program includes testing of a number of water quality parameters to provide information about the health of the waterway under investigation.

More information

Biological Assessment of the Streams and Waterbodies of Fairfax County, Virginia

Biological Assessment of the Streams and Waterbodies of Fairfax County, Virginia Page 1 of 8 Biological Assessment of the Streams and Waterbodies of Fairfax County, Virginia Thumbnail Not Available Tags WADEABLE STREAMS, Habitat, Watersheds, Streams, BENTHOS, WATER QUALITY, biota,

More information

Protecting Our Water Resources: Student Activities for the Classroom. Water Resource Educational Activities for Kindergarten through Ninth Grade

Protecting Our Water Resources: Student Activities for the Classroom. Water Resource Educational Activities for Kindergarten through Ninth Grade Title: Decaying Substances and Water Pollution Time: 5 class periods Objectives: Observe oxygen consumption caused by natural pollutants. Understand the use of a control when conducting experiments. Introduction:

More information

How do you treat water based on water quality from different water sources?

How do you treat water based on water quality from different water sources? How do you treat water based on water quality from different water sources? Why? Authors: Wendy Lane and Kim Sciarrone Seattle Public Schools; Seattle, WA Water from different sources will contain different

More information

Water Conservation Questions - Key 1. Why should we conserve water? Because we cannot make anymore 2. Is there an unlimited amount of clean water?

Water Conservation Questions - Key 1. Why should we conserve water? Because we cannot make anymore 2. Is there an unlimited amount of clean water? Water Conservation Questions - Key 1. Why should we conserve water? Because we cannot make anymore 2. Is there an unlimited amount of clean water? no 3. Can we produce new water? no, all the water on the

More information

Introduction to Nutrient Management, Nutrient Cycling and Regional Nutrient Balance Issues

Introduction to Nutrient Management, Nutrient Cycling and Regional Nutrient Balance Issues Introduction to Nutrient Management, Nutrient Cycling and Regional Nutrient Balance Issues 2005 Fundamentals of Nutrient Management Training Course Dec. 14-15 Tom Basden Ag. and Natural Resources WVU Extension

More information

Lesson 4: Water ph Water Quality Sampling Time Frame: Two minute class periods Grade Level: 8 th 12 th Grade

Lesson 4: Water ph Water Quality Sampling Time Frame: Two minute class periods Grade Level: 8 th 12 th Grade Lesson 4: Water ph Water Quality Sampling Time Frame: Two 45-50 minute class periods Grade Level: 8 th 12 th Grade Overview: Water ph Water ph is an indication of the water s acidity measurements on a

More information

Ginger Paige and Nancy Mesner University of Wyoming Utah State University

Ginger Paige and Nancy Mesner University of Wyoming Utah State University Effective Water Quality BMP Monitoring Tools Ginger Paige and Nancy Mesner University of Wyoming Utah State University Overview BMP Monitoring Guidance Document for Stream Systems Lessons learned CEAP

More information

BiT Stream Study - Guided Observations:

BiT Stream Study - Guided Observations: BiT Stream Study - Guided Observations: Streams are the pathways that transport water through a watershed. They are also critical to the healthy functioning of the watershed and the myriad of habitats

More information

Nutrient Stewardship. Reducing the Loss of Crop Nutrients to Waterways

Nutrient Stewardship. Reducing the Loss of Crop Nutrients to Waterways ETS & PERFORMANCE FOOD ENVIRONMENT PEOPLE COMPANY Nutrient Stewardship Reducing the Loss of Crop Nutrients to Waterways Crop nutrients help plants grow and produce the food, fiber and fuel we all need.

More information

Ecosystem ecology emphasizes energy flow and chemical recycling

Ecosystem ecology emphasizes energy flow and chemical recycling AP Biology Chapter 54 notes Ecosystems Ecosystem ecology emphasizes energy flow and chemical recycling An ecosystem consists of all the organisms in a community and all the abiotic factors with which they

More information

Rocky EEP Preliminary Findings Report Summary February 2005

Rocky EEP Preliminary Findings Report Summary February 2005 This is a DRAFT summary of the NC Ecosystem Enhancement Upper Rocky River Local Watershed Plan Preliminary Findings Report. The original, 157 page document can be found here: www.ncsu.edu/weco/rocky. The

More information

The concentration of water is a constant so we can combine it with Keq by dividing both sides of the equation by [H2O(l)].

The concentration of water is a constant so we can combine it with Keq by dividing both sides of the equation by [H2O(l)]. Dissolved Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Every atmospheric gas is in equilibrium with that gas dissolved in ocean water. The concentrations of two of these are particularly important. The concentration of oxygen

More information

Step 3. Developing a Municipal Source Water Protection Plan: A Guide for Water Utilities and Municipalities

Step 3. Developing a Municipal Source Water Protection Plan: A Guide for Water Utilities and Municipalities Environment Developing a Municipal Source Water Protection Plan: A Guide for Water Utilities and Municipalities Step Identify Potential Contaminants and Assess Risk Prepared by: Nova Scotia Environment

More information

How to measure Total Phosphorus: Ascorbic Acid Method

How to measure Total Phosphorus: Ascorbic Acid Method World Bank & Government of The Netherlands funded Training module # WQ - 41 How to measure Total Phosphorus: Ascorbic Acid Method New Delhi, May 2000 CSMRS Building, 4th Floor, Olof Palme Marg, Hauz Khas,

More information

Protecting the Water on Your Small Farm

Protecting the Water on Your Small Farm LPES Small Farms Fact Sheet series Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship < L P E S > Curriculum on Your Small Farm By Joe Harrison, Washington State University Summary Groundwater such as wells

More information

HOUSTON SHIP CHANNEL/SAN JACINTO RIVER - SEGMENT 1005

HOUSTON SHIP CHANNEL/SAN JACINTO RIVER - SEGMENT 1005 HOUSTON SHIP CHANNEL/SAN JACINTO RIVER - SEGMENT 1005 HOUSTON SHIP CHANNEL/SAN JACINTO RIVER - SEGMENT 1005 LAND COVER NUTRIENTS PCB/DIOXIN Impairment Concern No Impairments or Concerns HOUSTON SHIP CHANNEL/SAN

More information

Life on Earth. Page 1. Energy (sunlight) Energy (heat) Nutrients. Nutrients. Chapter 28: How Do Ecosystems Work?

Life on Earth. Page 1. Energy (sunlight) Energy (heat) Nutrients. Nutrients. Chapter 28: How Do Ecosystems Work? Chapter 28: How Do Ecosystems Work? Introduction to Ecology Ecology - Increasing Levels of Complexity: Population: All members of a particular species living within a defined area Organism Community: All

More information

7. Use the dead tree in Fig 3-10 to describe the processes of detritus feeders and decomposers.

7. Use the dead tree in Fig 3-10 to describe the processes of detritus feeders and decomposers. APES Miller 17th ed. Chapter 3 Questions 5. Describe the 2 chemical equations used by autotrophs and heterotrophs to gain energy for chemical functions. Compare/contrast respiration to fossil fuel combustion

More information

Green Walls. There are numerous benefits to installing a green wall at your place.

Green Walls. There are numerous benefits to installing a green wall at your place. Green Walls Green walls are self-sufficient vertical gardens that are attached to the exterior or interior wall of a building. The plants receive all the water and nutrients they require from within the

More information

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to:

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to: Grade 7 Objective Students will be able to: Describe the carbon cycle in more detail: o Learn about the importance of carbon and the role it plays in photosynthesis and cellular respiration, Identify elements

More information

Lesson 4: What Makes Water Healthy?

Lesson 4: What Makes Water Healthy? Lesson 4: What Makes Water Healthy? Activity: Students make observations and measurements of several water samples. This activity helps students think about different ways to determine water quality. Grade

More information

Don t spit in the well - you may need to drink from it! -- Unknown, Russia.

Don t spit in the well - you may need to drink from it! -- Unknown, Russia. Don t spit in the well - you may need to drink from it! -- Unknown, Russia. WATER POLLUTION Water is a unique substance, because it can naturally renew and cleanse itself, by allowing pollutants to settle

More information

Water Quality Tests Summary

Water Quality Tests Summary Water Quality Tests Summary Contents Water Quality Tests 13 Water Quality Index 14 Temperature 17 ph.. 17 Chloride and Salinity 19 Turbidity 19 Nitrate Phosphates 21 Water Hardness Calcium and Magnesium

More information

Examples for Land Use Action Plan and Mapping Exercise

Examples for Land Use Action Plan and Mapping Exercise A Land Use Action Plan helps to assess areas of food safety actions that should be addressed because of contamination risks, and it describes a set of steps that will reduce these risks. The following

More information

Water Quality and Water Usage Surveys

Water Quality and Water Usage Surveys Appendix 1 Water Quality and Water Usage Surveys This appendix contains copies of the Water Quality Survey and the Lake Usage Survey that we used to complete the watershedbased community assessments. We

More information

Stream Monitoring at Tumacácori NHP

Stream Monitoring at Tumacácori NHP Stream Monitoring at Tumacácori NHP Santa Cruz River Researcher s Day Tucson Community Service Center March 27 2009 Presented by E.L.Gwilliam Overview why, what, where, when and how Stream Protocol Importance

More information

Chapter 14 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Chapter 14 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 14 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the Chesapeake Bay? a. it is one of many small

More information

INTRODUCTION TO FISH POND FERTILIZATION

INTRODUCTION TO FISH POND FERTILIZATION WATER HARVESTING AND AQUACULTURE FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION TO FISH POND FERTILIZATION CHEMICAL FERTILIZER INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR AQUACULTURE AND AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS AUBURN UNIVERSITY INTRODUCTION

More information

Pamela Birak, Jordan Lake State Park, Chatham County, NC

Pamela Birak, Jordan Lake State Park, Chatham County, NC Pamela Birak, Jordan Lake State Park, Chatham County, NC 3 Lakes, Reservoirs, and Ponds Forty-six states, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia (collectively referred to as states in the rest of this

More information

Chapter 55: Ecosystems and Restoration Ecology

Chapter 55: Ecosystems and Restoration Ecology Chapter 55: Ecosystems and Restoration Ecology Overview: 1. What is an ecosystem? Name Period An ecosystem is the sum of all the organisms living in a given area and the abiotic factors with which they

More information

Ecosystems and Food Webs

Ecosystems and Food Webs Ecosystems and Food Webs How do AIS affect our lakes? Background Information All things on the planet both living and nonliving interact. An Ecosystem is defined as the set of elements, living and nonliving,

More information

Example: 2. Solution. Provide depth D = 1.5 m. Sewage flow = 10000 x 170 x 0.80 x 10-3 = 1360 m 3 /d. Now, 0.182(1+. = 1.562. Q L = 2.

Example: 2. Solution. Provide depth D = 1.5 m. Sewage flow = 10000 x 170 x 0.80 x 10-3 = 1360 m 3 /d. Now, 0.182(1+. = 1.562. Q L = 2. Example: 2 Design low rate trickling filter for secondary treatment of sewage generated from 10000 persons with rate of water supply 170 LPCD. The BOD 5 after primary treatment is 110 mg/l and BOD 5 of

More information

Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment BOD Bio Chemical Oxygen Demand TSS Total Suspended Solids Wastewater Treatment Fecal Coliform ph NH3 Nitrogen Ammonia What is Sewage Pathogens or disease-causing organisms are present in sewage. Sewage

More information

Carbon/Oxygen Cycle. Zain Aamer, Christine Pak, Lorrin Stone, Vivian Xu

Carbon/Oxygen Cycle. Zain Aamer, Christine Pak, Lorrin Stone, Vivian Xu Carbon/Oxygen Cycle Zain Aamer, Christine Pak, Lorrin Stone, Vivian Xu Step One - Carbon Dioxide Carbon is released into the atmosphere through the form of carbon dioxide due to combustion and respiration

More information

Impacts of Reforestation and Deforestation upon Surface Water Quality in Mississippi River Basin

Impacts of Reforestation and Deforestation upon Surface Water Quality in Mississippi River Basin Impacts of Reforestation and Deforestation upon Surface Water Quality in Mississippi River Basin Ying Ouyang, PhD Research Hydrologist Center for Bottomland Hardwoods Research Southern Research Station,

More information

Our Florida Ponds and Lakes. Roy Beckford Natural Resources Agent University of Florida, IFAS Lee County

Our Florida Ponds and Lakes. Roy Beckford Natural Resources Agent University of Florida, IFAS Lee County Our Florida Ponds and Lakes Roy Beckford Natural Resources Agent University of Florida, IFAS Lee County Florida s Natural Landscapes Dry Flatwoods Wet Flatwoods Wetlands Diagrammatic View Claiming the

More information

Standards: Human activity has consequences on living organisms and ecosystems. (94412, 94211 )

Standards: Human activity has consequences on living organisms and ecosystems. (94412, 94211 ) Minnehaha Creek Restoration Project A Place- Based Environmental Water Study Course: 9 th grade Biology Adapted from Kent Piccott, Minneapolis Public Schools Background: This study was designed with the

More information

Nitrates In Our Water

Nitrates In Our Water Nitrates In Our Water Nitrates Adapted from: "What's in Our Water?" in Living in Water. National Aquarium in Baltimore, 1997. Grade Level: intermediate Duration: 1 class period Setting: classroom Summary:

More information

How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles. Multiple Choice Test

How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles. Multiple Choice Test How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles Multiple Choice Test 1. The flow of solar energy through an ecosystem is marked by a) plants converting light energy to chemical energy via photosynthesis

More information

Protect Your Pond, Protect Your Health

Protect Your Pond, Protect Your Health Protect Your Pond, Protect Your Health Your role in conserving the health of Cape Cod Ponds We are all responsible for keeping our ponds clean. The ponds on Cape Cod provide many benefits to those living

More information

A Developer s Guide: Watershed-Wise Development

A Developer s Guide: Watershed-Wise Development A Developer s Guide: Watershed-Wise Development Environmental Protection What is a watershed? It does not matter how far away you build from a creek, lake, or the ocean, you are in a watershed. Another

More information

Estuarine & Coastal Environments of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Estuarine & Coastal Environments of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Estuarine & Coastal Environments of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Britt-Anne Anderson Marine Scientist VIMS (Adapted by Vicki Clark, Marine Science Educator VIMS VA Sea Grant Program for Virginia Master

More information

NEOSHO RIVER BASIN TOTAL MAXIMUM DAILY LOAD

NEOSHO RIVER BASIN TOTAL MAXIMUM DAILY LOAD NEOSHO RIVER BASIN TOTAL MAXIMUM DAILY LOAD Water Body: Chanute/SF City Lake (Chanute Santa Fe Lake) Water Quality Impairment: Eutrophication Bundled with Dissolved Oxygen and ph Subbasin: County: Upper

More information

Part B Integrated Monitoring Design for Comprehensive Assessment and Identification of Impaired Waters Contents

Part B Integrated Monitoring Design for Comprehensive Assessment and Identification of Impaired Waters Contents Part B Integrated Monitoring Design for Comprehensive Assessment and Identification of Impaired Waters Contents Chapter 10. Selecting Metrics or Indicators of WQS Attainment... 10-2 Chapter 11. Monitoring

More information

Liz Day Freshwater Consulting cc 1

Liz Day Freshwater Consulting cc 1 Liz Day Freshwater Consulting cc lizday@mweb.co.za 1 Lecture 1 Introduction Overview of aquatic ecosystems General theory Functions and services of rivers and wetlands Main water quality issues Water chemistry

More information

Presented by Paul Krauth Utah DEQ. Salt Lake Countywide Watershed Symposium October 28-29, 2008

Presented by Paul Krauth Utah DEQ. Salt Lake Countywide Watershed Symposium October 28-29, 2008 Basic Nutrient Removal from Water Beta Edition Presented by Paul Krauth Utah DEQ Salt Lake Countywide Watershed Symposium October 28-29, 2008 Presentation Outline Salt Lake County waters / 303(d) listings

More information

Aquatic Systems of. Sonoran Deserts

Aquatic Systems of. Sonoran Deserts Aquatic Systems of the Chihuahuan h and Sonoran Deserts Kirsten Gallo Chihuahuan Desert Network Objectives Conceptual models describing components of aquatic ecosystems, threats, and responses to climate

More information

Color, taste, odor, turbidity, Conductivity these are the some of the physical parameters of water.

Color, taste, odor, turbidity, Conductivity these are the some of the physical parameters of water. WATER ANALYSIS Water system should be monitored at frequency that is sufficient to ensure that the system is under control & continues to produce water of an acceptable quality. Hence samples are taken

More information

DRAFT. USDA NRCS Conservation Practices that Maintain or Enhance Agriculture Viability and Critical Areas

DRAFT. USDA NRCS Conservation Practices that Maintain or Enhance Agriculture Viability and Critical Areas USDA NRCS Conservation Practices that Maintain or Enhance Agriculture Viability and Critical Areas Wetlands Areas that are inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater supporting a prevalence

More information

COMPREHENSIVE PLAN SECTION B, ELEMENT 4 WATER RESOURCES. April 20, 2010 EXHIBIT 1

COMPREHENSIVE PLAN SECTION B, ELEMENT 4 WATER RESOURCES. April 20, 2010 EXHIBIT 1 COMPREHENSIVE PLAN SECTION B, ELEMENT 4 WATER RESOURCES April 20, 2010 EXHIBIT 1 ELEMENT 4 WATER RESOURCES TABLE OF CONTENTS 4.1 INTRODUCTION 4.2 GOALS AND POLICIES 4.2.A General Goals and Policies 1 4.2.B

More information

Lower Crooked Creek Watershed Conservation Plan EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Lower Crooked Creek Watershed Conservation Plan EXECUTIVE SUMMARY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Project Background Located in southwestern Pennsylvania, Crooked Creek is a major tributary of the Allegheny River, entering near Ford City in Armstrong County. It is rich in natural

More information

Back Creek Watershed Protection Plan

Back Creek Watershed Protection Plan Back Creek Watershed Protection Plan Potomac Direct Drains Berkeley County, WV HUC code: 02070004 WV Stream code: WVP-6 West Virginia Conservation Agency February 15, 2011 Funding Amount 319 funds $30,000

More information

Measurement of Turbidity

Measurement of Turbidity Measurement of Turbidity What is turbidity: Turbidity is a measure of water clarity and how much the material suspended in water decreases the passage from light through the water. Suspended materials

More information

Commensalism is a symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other organism is not affected.. What they might ask:

Commensalism is a symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other organism is not affected.. What they might ask: B-6.1 Explain how the interrelationships among organisms (including predation, competition, parasitism, mutualism, and commensalism) generate stability within ecosystems. ecosystem - biotic community (all

More information

How to build a rain barrel A hands-on rain barrel lesson using the visual arts.

How to build a rain barrel A hands-on rain barrel lesson using the visual arts. How to build a rain barrel A hands-on rain barrel lesson using the visual arts. For grades K - 7 Created by the Athens-Clarke County Stormwater Management Program Lesson summary: Students learn about the

More information

THE WATER CYCLE. Ecology

THE WATER CYCLE. Ecology THE WATER CYCLE Water is the most abundant substance in living things. The human body, for example, is composed of about 70% water, and jellyfish are 95% water. Water participates in many important biochemical

More information

Maine Department of Environmental Protection Program Guidance On Combined Sewer Overflow Facility Plans

Maine Department of Environmental Protection Program Guidance On Combined Sewer Overflow Facility Plans Maine Department of Environmental Protection Program Guidance On Combined Sewer Overflow Facility Plans OVERVIEW The objective of a Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Facility Plan is to abate CSO discharges

More information

Water Quality Concerns for Ponds

Water Quality Concerns for Ponds College of Agricultural Sciences Cooperative Extension School of Forest Resources Pond Facts #5 Water Quality Concerns for Ponds A 1998 survey of 557 pond owners in Pennsylvania found that about 10 percent

More information

MiCorps 101. Presented by Paul Steen. MiCorps Program Manager

MiCorps 101. Presented by Paul Steen. MiCorps Program Manager MiCorps 101 Presented by Paul Steen MiCorps Program Manager MiCorps Team Laura Kaminski Katherine Hollins Marcy Knoll Wilmes Gary Kolhepp Dina Klemens Paul Steen, Ph.D. Jason Frenzel Scott Brown Jean Roth

More information

Kissimmee River Basin Lakes, Rivers, Streams, and Aquifers

Kissimmee River Basin Lakes, Rivers, Streams, and Aquifers Kissimmee River Basin Lakes, Rivers, Streams, and Aquifers Florida Department of Environmental Protection Division of Environmental Assessment and Restoration Bureau of Assessment and Restoration Support,

More information

An Introduction to the Nitrogen Cycle

An Introduction to the Nitrogen Cycle 1 + An Introduction to the Nitrogen Cycle Grade Level: 5-9 Activity Duration: 45 minutes Overview: I. Introduction to the nitrogen cycle II. Nitrogen Cycle Game III. Discussion Literacy Connection Leopold,

More information

Total Suspended Solids: The Hows & Whys of Controlling Runoff Pollution

Total Suspended Solids: The Hows & Whys of Controlling Runoff Pollution New State Storm Water Rules: WHAT MUNICIPALITIES NEED TO KNOW Total Suspended Solids: The Hows & Whys of Controlling Runoff Pollution Stormwater management by Wisconsin municipalities is under scrutiny.

More information

HOW WATER QUALITY INDICATORS WORK

HOW WATER QUALITY INDICATORS WORK HOW WATER QUALITY INDICATORS WORK Following are summaries of water quality indicators from several sources collated by the International Water Institute. They provide information about how the specific

More information

Freshwater Resources and Water Pollution

Freshwater Resources and Water Pollution Visualizing Environmental Science Freshwater Resources and Water Pollution Chapter 10 Copyright The Importance of Water Life on Earth would be impossible without water All living organisms contain water

More information

Ecosystem Ecology. Trophic levels energy flow through ecosystems. Productivity and energy. Autotrophs: primary producers Heterotrophs: consumers

Ecosystem Ecology. Trophic levels energy flow through ecosystems. Productivity and energy. Autotrophs: primary producers Heterotrophs: consumers Ecosystem Ecology 1. Overview of material and energy flows in ecosystems 2. Primary production 3. Secondary production and trophic efficiency 4. Ecological Pyramids Trophic levels energy flow through ecosystems

More information

KARUK TRIBE OF CALIFORNIA WATER YEAR 2002 WATER QUALITY MONITORING REPORT

KARUK TRIBE OF CALIFORNIA WATER YEAR 2002 WATER QUALITY MONITORING REPORT KARUK TRIBE OF CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES P.O. Box 282 * Orleans, California 95556 WATER YEAR 2002 WATER QUALITY MONITORING REPORT Klamath River at Iron Gate, Klamath River at Seiad Valley,

More information

INTRODUCTION TO MICROBIAL WATER QUALITY

INTRODUCTION TO MICROBIAL WATER QUALITY STEFAN WALSTON AND KELLEY RILEY INTRODUCTION TO MICROBIAL WATER QUALITY STEFAN WALSTON AND KELLEY RILEY UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA DEPT. OF SOIL, WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE INTRODUCTION General lab rules

More information

Little Duck/Lilly Creek Watershed Management Plan

Little Duck/Lilly Creek Watershed Management Plan Little Duck/Lilly Creek Watershed Management Plan EPA Clean Water Act Section 319 grant ARN: A305-5-112 April 4, 2005 to December 3, 2007 Sponsored by the Madison County Soil & Water Conservation District

More information

Watershed Education for Teachers. Cinde Thomas-Jimenez Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority

Watershed Education for Teachers. Cinde Thomas-Jimenez Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority Watershed Education for Teachers Cinde Thomas-Jimenez Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority In This Presentation Why Watersheds Matter What Is a Watershed Water Quality Parameters Point Source and NonPoint

More information

Application of environmental decision analysis framework to identify potential E.coli sources in Lake Tuscaloosa Watershed, Alabama

Application of environmental decision analysis framework to identify potential E.coli sources in Lake Tuscaloosa Watershed, Alabama Application of environmental decision analysis framework to identify potential E.coli sources in Lake Tuscaloosa Watershed, Alabama L. Alfaqih 1,2 *, R. Pitt 1 and D. Hale 2 1 Civil, Construction, and

More information

Restoring Anadromous Fish Habitat in Big Canyon Creek Watershed. Summary Report 2002

Restoring Anadromous Fish Habitat in Big Canyon Creek Watershed. Summary Report 2002 Restoring Anadromous Fish Habitat in Big Canyon Creek Watershed Summary Report 2002 DOE/BP-00005268-5 November 2002 This Document should be cited as follows: "Restoring Anadromous Fish Habitat in Big Canyon

More information

Louisiana Grade Level Expectations (Science)

Louisiana Grade Level Expectations (Science) Activity 3-6 Watershed Drainage and Sources of Pollution Adapted from BTNEP/LSU AgCenter: Nonpoint Source Water Pollution Focus/Overview This activity draws a contrast between the relatively flat landscape

More information

Biennial Review Request for Comments From DEQ (revised 12-30- 14)

Biennial Review Request for Comments From DEQ (revised 12-30- 14) Biennial Review Request for Comments From DEQ (revised 12-30- 14) The State Department of Agriculture and the State Board of Agriculture shall consult with the Department of Environmental Quality or the

More information

Environmental Inquiry Cornell University, Ithaca, NY Eutrophication Experiments

Environmental Inquiry Cornell University, Ithaca, NY Eutrophication Experiments Environmental Inquiry Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 EnvInquiry@cornell.edu http://ei.cornell.edu Background Eutrophication Experiments "Eutrophication" is derived from two Latin words meaning "good"

More information

AP Environmental Science Sample Multiple-Choice Questions

AP Environmental Science Sample Multiple-Choice Questions AP Environmental Science Sample Multiple-Choice Questions The materials included in these files are intended for noncommercial use by AP teachers for course and exam preparation; permission for any other

More information