A new vine disease in Trentino: interdisciplinary approach to the study of issue. Territorial monitoring.

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1 A new vine disease in Trentino: interdisciplinary approach to the study of issue. Territorial monitoring. Franca Ghidoni, Roberto Lucin, Maurizio Bottura, Valeria Gualandri FEM San Michele all Adige Trento (Italy)

2 A new symptom appear in Trentino vineyards since 2004

3 Afterwards Reported also in: Friuli Venezia Giulia Veneto Emilia Romagna

4 and in Trentino???... Between 2004 and 2009 symptoms noted only in Mezzocorona: Zablani Since 2009 also in neighbour towns Only on few varieties: PINOT GRIS (and other PINOTS) TRAMINER (FRIULANO OR TOKAY in Friuli; GLERA in Veneto)

5 and in the rest of the world? Detected in Korea, in Slovakia and Czech Republic (Miroslav Glasa, personal communication)

6 Economic importance Chardonnay; 28,40% Other varieties; 39,20% Year 2012 Enantio; 0,40% Pinot Nero ; 2,70% Pinot Bianco; 0,70% Traminer; 3,60% Pinot Grigio; 25% 30,000 t

7 How symptoms occur Diseased grapevines show stunted growth, less Vigour, millerandage and low quality of berries

8 Bushy aspect

9 Shoot stunting

10 Chlorotic mottling and leaf deformations

11 Shoots malformation and abnormal branching

12 Bunch millerandage: weight loss

13 What causes??? Different ideas: 1. Insects bites 2. Mites 3. Direct damage from nematode 4. Boron or microelements deficiency 5. Phytoplasmosis 6. Virosis VIROSIS

14 But Why virus? 62 Viruses recorded in grapevine!!!! Only a few induce pathological conditions relevant from an economic point in all wine-growing areas of the world

15 Outcome A metagenomic approach discovered a new grapevine trichovirus which is named Grapevine Pinot Gris virus (GPGV) (Gianpietruzzi et al., 2012)

16 Aim of project To define etiology and the biological feature of this disease we have started a project about: 1. FIELD MONITORING 2. EPIDEMIOLOGY 3. DIAGNOSIS 4. VECTOR 5. CONTROL FEM, CNR and Bari University, Bologna University

17 Field monitoring: Materials and methods Screening on different varieties Period of symptoms relief In 2012 and 2013: monitored 521 vineyards in 56 municipalities Since 2010: 3 vineyard maps Symptoms scale

18 Field monitoring: Symptoms scale 0 Healthy plant 1 Mild symptoms on some leaves 2 Clear symptoms of half canopy 3 Relevant symptoms of the whole plant M B Dead plants Rooted vines

19 Field monitoring: Results, map example B 0,00% 0,82% 1,21% 1,96% 0 88,46% 78,07% 68,68% 74,25% rv ,08% 5,69% 7,40% 3,96% ,55% 10,46% 14,30% 9,47% 3 1,82% 4,94% 8,11% 10,09% M 0,09% 0,34% 0,30% Zablani, Mezzocorona, 2 ha (5 acres) 0,26%

20 Field monitoring: Results, cultivar incidence 2012: plants checked in 521vineyards Pinot gris plants in 420 vineyards 941 Plants Whit symptoms total impact 0.8 % Max incidence 19 % Traminer plants in 89 vineyards 136 Plants Whit symptoms total impact 0.7 % Max incidence 10.3 % Pinot noir 2179 plants in 10 vineyards 4 Plants Whit symptoms total impact 0.2 % Max incidence 2 % 2012 average: 0.8%

21 Field monitoring: Incidence: spatial distribution, % 0.04% 0.11%

22 Monitoring 2013 data reworking 1. Year planted 2. Clone 3. Roostock Interactionts????

23 And finally THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION And Thanks to: Grapegrowers, for their reports and the willingness to cooperate Mauro Varner, who help us during monitoring and all those who have allowed me to be here today!

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