Online Writing Center Darton State College

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1 Online Writing Center Darton State College

2 It is a word that takes the place of a noun. The book is on the table. It is open. Pete was injured in an accident. He is now fine. Where is the dog? He is sleeping in the kitchen.

3 Subjective (or nominative) pronouns (stand in for subjects) I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they, and who. ( one is also in this category although not officially.) My mom is fine cook. She can also bake well. Objective pronouns (take the place of objects) me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them, and whom My father took my sister and me to the movies.

4 Possessive pronouns My (mine), your (yours), his, her (hers), its, our(s), your(s), their (theirs), and whose. Whose car is blocking the driveway? Reflexive pronouns myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves. We can see ourselves in the mirror.

5 An antecedent is a noun for which a pronoun stands in. The book is on the table. It is open. The dog is in the kitchen. It is sleeping. My mom is a good cook. She can bake well too. (Antecedents appear in red and pronouns appear in blue.)

6 Singular pronouns MUST refer to singular antecedents and plural pronouns MUST refer to plural antecedents. *When a person is sick, they should seek medical help. Pronoun: they Antecedent: person The sentence is wrong because they is plural, but person is singular, so they do not agree in number. * Asterisks denote an incorrect sentence.

7 Here is a wrong sentence: *When a student studies diligently, they show that they care enough about their future. There are two options to fix the mistake: 1. Leave the antecedent singular and change the pronoun to singular as well: When a STUDENT studies, HE OR SHE shows that HE OR SHE cares enough about HIS OR HER future. 2. Make the antecedent plural: When STUDENTS study, THEY show that THEY care enough about THEIR future. Which fix is better? Of course the second option is better because that avoids the repetition of the double pronoun!

8 Masculine pronouns must refer to masculine antecedents: Jimmy has improved his grades during the last semester. (masculine) Nora considers herself an outstanding athlete. (feminine) The tree casts its long shadow over the pavement. (neutral)

9 Person indicates whether a pronoun refers to people who speak in first person ( I or we ), second person ( you ), or third person ( he, she, it, or they ). I convinced myself to improve my health by walking more. (first person singular) We convinced ourselves to improve our health by walking more. (first person plural) Do you understand your new tasks? (second person singular or plural) Danny is convinced that the blue scarf is his. (third person singular) Emma and John designed the Chapter 1 quiz by themselves. (third person plural)

10 Indefinite pronouns as antecedents needing singular pronouns: anybody anyone anything each either everybody everyone everything neither nobody no one nothing one somebody someone something Each of the birds built its own nest. Everybody must learn his or her lines alone. Neither of the boys can find his glasses.

11 Indefinite pronouns as antecedents needing plural pronouns: both few many several Several of the freshmen students voiced their appreciation for the warm welcome on campus. The President met with a few of the soldiers and their families.

12 Use a plural pronoun with compound antecedents joined by and. Jim and Penny take very good care of their house. Even though Laura and Brian love to travel, they decided to stay home this summer. Sometimes two nouns are joined by and, yet they name only one person, place, or thing. o My mom is making macaroni and cheese. It is my absolute favorite food.

13 Use a singular pronoun to refer to two or more singular antecedents joined by or or nor. Neither Tommy nor Steve is willing to give up his seat.

14 1. An online student should know how to manage their time. 2. College assignments are not always easy. It takes time to complete. 3. When driving, one must pay attention to road signs, they must watch other vehicles, and you also must drive according to road conditions. 4. A successful student in one who manages their time effectively. 5. Once a student learns how to maneuver around their classes, it makes it easier for them to get adjusted to being online.

15 1. If one household switched their old washer to an energy-efficient washer, they would use less water. 2. Every household should reduce their carbon footprint. 3. Each parent should teach their children how to conserve energy. 4. In turn, each child should remind their parents of their responsibilities. 5. However, one should know when to forgive their loved ones for their mistakes.

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