2. The Midwest is located between the and. 3. The are important bodies of water located in the Midwest.

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1 Unit 5 Lesson 1, 2, and 3 Outline Lesson 1-The Geography of the Midwest A. A Land formed by Water 1. The Midwest has states. The Midwest is often called the. 2. The Midwest is located between the and the. 3. The are important bodies of water located in the Midwest. a. The lakes were formed by melting thousands of years ago. b. Lakes and in the Midwest and Lake is in the Northeast 4. Some plants and animals in the Midwest include: B. Flowing Rivers. 1. When the melted they created rivers that carried soil from the north to the. a. fertile soils is soil filled with. 2. Many of the states in the Midwest have this type of soil. a. It helps produce crops that are healthy. 3. Several big run through the Midwest. a. More than half of the is in the Midwest. i (aka Mark Twain) became one of our country s best known writers. ii. His novels take place along the b. The creates a southern border for Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. c. The flows into the Mississippi River from the west. i. The Missouri River is miles long.

2 ii. It is nicknamed for the amount of dirt it carries in its waters. C. Landforms of the Midwest 1. The Midwest is mostly. When the glaciers they flattened hills and filled valleys with which created plains or that are flat lands covered with grasses and wildflowers. a. As you move away from the the plains slowly give way to hills and even mountains. 2. There are also very dry lands in the Midwest that have been chipped away by wind and water called the. a. usually have a spectacular color that ranges from black or blue to bright D. The Climate of the Midwest-Temperatures in the Midwest can widely. 1. Some areas near the Great Lakes experience a climate. Since water takes longer to heat and cool than the air over the lake is often hotter or cooler than over the land. As a result when the winds blow across the lakes, they carry the warm or cool air over the land affecting the temperature. 2. The Midwest also has heavy snowstorms across the in the summer and in the summer.

3 Lesson 2-The Economy of the Midwest A. A Rich Land 1. The provides energy sources such as,, and as well as metals such as and. 2. The region s water resources include the and rivers such as the,, and Missouri. 1. These waterways are used to goods across the country. 3. The rich of the Midwest provides ideal conditions for. 4. are also found underground. 5. and the across the Midwest also turn to create electricity. B. Mining for Metal 1. is an important resource in the Midwest. Iron is important because it can be turned to, a strong metal used to make buildings, tools and cars. a. In the 1800 s iron was found in Minnesotra and Michigan. i. Ore is a rock with iron and limestone ii. has one of the richest supplies of in the country. iii. The iron ore is found just below the surface so miners don t need to dig deep to reach it. Instead miners dig a pit, remove the top layer, and scoop, this is called. a. changed the economy of the Midwest. The demand for steel soared in the. b. It was used to make, bridges,, planes and cars. c. The invention of the first in 1852 changed history. i. Before the invention building were only stories tall. Afterwards they got taller and taller.

4 C. Agriculture on the Prairie 1. Early Midwestern farms were 2. After were invented could raise crops for money. As a result Farmers invested in buying these machines. a. The most important cash crops in the Midwest are, soybeans, and. b. farming is also very important in the Midwest. i. Farms in and raise cows for their milk. 3. Midwestern farming has changed over time. In the 1980 s a countrywide recession or downturn in business farm products decreased. D. Changing the World a. More than a million American farmers went bankrupt and sold their farms to big companies who could afford them. b. Corporate farms rely on machines and computer to do most of their work which means they employ fewer works. c. These large farms operated by companies are called an 1. In the early 1900 s, Midwestern cities became a. was famous for cars, for glass, and Minneapolis, Minnesota for. b. As did more and more of the work people moved to the cities to work in factories. 2. New methods of Manufacturing-In 1913 began to build cars through which is the manufacturing of many products at one time. a. Ford made thousands of cars on an or a line of workers and machines that put together a product in steps. 3. Working in Midwest today-more people work in the today than in factories. a. Some service workers have jobs in b. Many Midwesterners also work in. Illinois has one of the world s largest laboratories that studies -Fermilab. c. Missouri is a leader in - or looking for ways to cure diseases.

5 Lesson 3-The People of the Midwest A. The First Midwesterners- were the first people of the Midwest. Today Midwesterners are or the children and grandchildren, of Native Americans. 1. Hundreds of years ago a group of people called lived in the Midwest. a. They were called mound builders because they built. b. Mound builders, traded and built cities. c. At one time one of the largest Mississippian cities, called may have had up to 20,000 people living there. 2. The mound cultures disappeared around. One of these cultures is the (Chippewa) a. They lived in present day and known as the. i. They, and sometimes farmed the forests and waters of the Midwest. ii. Today the Ojibwa have reservations in, Michigan and Minnesota. 3. The are another group that lived in the Midwest. They are known as the. B. People of the Midwest a.they lived on the plains of, North and South Dakotas, and. i. The Lakota depended on for food, clothing and, shelter. b. Today the culture mixes modern culture with traditional ways of life. 1. In the 1500 s fur traders began exploring the Midwest for an inexpensive supply of. 2. In 1770 began a trading post near. He came from the French colony of. a. Du Sable s trading post grew into the city of 3. Heading West-Fur traders shipped their goods from ports in the a. Many people in the eastern cities learned about the Midwestern soil.

6 i. Many decided to move to the to make a living as a farmer. b. As more and more people traveled new trails opened including covered wagon trails. i. The wagons were pulled by. ii. By more than five million people had settled in the Midwest. c. In 1862, Abraham Lincoln and The United States Government passed a law giving free land to settlers. This was called the which also attracted many people to the Midwest. i. These first settlers, like Abraham Lincoln s parents were known as. 4. New Immigrants- In the late 1800 s and early 1900 s the of the Midwest became more. a. farmers from and worked the land in Minnesota and Nebraska. b. Polish factory workers found jobs in and Germans and Italians settled in the Midwest too. 4. African Americans headed to the Midwest to. a. They traveled on what is now known as the a network of people who helped Africans Americans escape slavery b. Between the years 1914 and 1950 African Americans moved to the Midwest from the which is called the. i. A is a journey from one place to another. C. The Midwest Today-People from across the world including, immigrants from and live in the Midwest. 1.Detroit has the largest population of in the U.S. 2. Different make the Midwest fun and exciting. a. They have festivals to celebrate their or customs that make a region a great place to live. D. Midwest Art, Music, and Fun- 1. Some of the nation s best known are from the Midwest including who wrote about her life as a

7 and poet who was born in. 2. is home to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and America s most famous car races the takes place in Indianapolis Indiana.

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