RECONSTRUCTION- LESSON ONE

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1 Essential Questions 1. Predict and identify many of the struggles that Lincoln will face when attempting to unite the Union after the Civil War. 2. Compare/Contrast the differences between sharecropping and tenant farming. 3. Give examples of the positive effect of the Freedmen s Bureau. To what extent did the Freedmen s Bureau help the freedmen? 4. Compare/Contrast the differences between Lincoln and Johnson s Reconstruction plans How were they different and yet alike? 5. Analyze the impact of Reconstruction on Georgia and other southern states in relation to the 13 th, 14 th, and 15 th amendment. Describe the role of Radical Republicans during reconstruction. 6. Explain the rise and fall role of leadership role of Henry McNeal Turner and other black legislators during the Reconstruction Era. 7. Describe what factors lead to the rise of the Ku Klux Klan and evaluate the impact of their intimidation tactics. RECONSTRUCTION- LESSON ONE AKS SS8H6 The student will analyze the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on Georgia. Analyze the impact of Reconstruction on Georgia and other southern states, emphasizing Freedmen s Bureau; sharecropping and tenant farming; Reconstruction plans; 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the constitution; Henry McNeal Turner and black legislators; and the Ku Klux Klan

2 Reconstruction Lab Step One: Put the puzzle together. Step Two: What problems do you see? Step Three: Hypothesis what might have caused the different problems. Step Three: Create two ways to fix this problem. Will the puzzle ever be the same again even with your solution? Why or why not.

3 The South Post Civil War The Georgia to which the warweary Confederate soldiers returned was not as they had left it. Fields lay in ruins. Most houses were badly run down or had been destroyed. Railroad tracks lay twisted, bridges had been burned, cotton mills and factories were closed or burned. There was not enough food, and many people were starving. Many banks had closed their doors. The Confederacy had a war debt of over $700 million, and Georgia faced a debt of $20 million so Georgia had NO money to help citizens rebuild.

4 Freedmen Former slaves were now free but they had no where to go. Many stayed on the plantations and worked for food and housing. Some traveled to find relatives sold to other farms. Most could not read or write and lacked any formal education.

5 Slave to Sharecrop Farmer Activate your Reading Strategies. 1. How was life different for a sharecrop farmer than a slave? 2. What was the difference between a Tenant Farmer and Sharecrop Farmer?

6 Presidential Reconstruction President Lincoln believed that southern states should be admitted back into the union and the union should be reconcile their differences and become whole again.

7 Lincoln s Plan for Reconstruction Lincoln: 1. If citizen took oath they were automatically pardoned. 2. When 10% of state took the oath of allegiance the state was rejoined into the Union. 3. All high ranking officials HAD to take the oath of allegiance.

8 Many Disagree with Lincoln Radical Republicans Radical Republicans were northerners who thought that the south should be punished after the Civil War. They created the Wade-Davis bill to punish the south but Lincoln does not sign it. Lincoln loses the respect of some in congress and they begin to distrust Lincoln and his plan for reconstruction.

9 The Freedman s Bureau is Established The Freedman s Bureau was created to provide basic needs to freed men such as food, clothing, and shelter. Later, the Freedman s Bureau would begin to educate freedmen and provide them with skills in a different profession other than picking cotton. Goal: The goal of the freedman Bureau was to help freemen live a more successful life than in the past

10 After a while, the bureau s focus changed: 1. It became concerned mainly with helping the freedmen adjust to their new circumstances. 2. It focused on educating the freedmen. How did they do this? 1. The bureau set up over 4,000 primary schools, 64 industrial schools, and 74 teacher-training institutions for young African Americans. 2. In addition, the federal government spent over $400,000 to help establish teacher-training centers. Reconstruction The North Sends Help Northerners and missionary societies helped by sending both money and teachers to help train the freedmen. In 1867, the American Missionary Association sponsored the chartering of Georgia s Atlanta University and Morehouse College.

11 Cause and Effect Cause: African Americans both young and old began to attend school. Effect: Towards the end of Reconstruction many African Americans became more educated and better trained the poor whites who refused to attend schools

12 Northerners Are treated Unfairly in Northerners who came down to south were treated very unfairly by white southerners. White southerners did not want anyone helping the freedmen. Often times they were intimidated and assaulted for helping the freedmen. the South.

13 Lincoln s Assassination Lincoln was an advocate for the south and wanted to help both races rebuild as equals. The south does not support equality and responds by assassinating President Lincoln.

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