How Did Events Unfold in the Early Part of the War?

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1 How Did Events Unfold in the Early Part of the War? LESSON 7 SECTION 17.2 Text pp Read How Did Events Unfold in the Early Part of the War? (pp ). Study Exercises List the points of the North s and the South s war strategies. The North The South Step Step Step 3 12

2 Lesson 7 Complete the sentences. 7. The battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack ended the era of battleships. 8. The Civil War divided both the United States and individual. Put a check mark beside the true statements. Put an X beside the false statements. When the Emancipation Proclamation went into effect on January 1, 1863, it: 9. did not immediately free any slaves in the North or South. 10. convinced the South to stop fighting promised freedom to slaves after states still fighting against the North were captured. 12. immediately freed every slave in America. 13. encouraged antislavery Northerners. 14. boosted the spirits of slaves. 15. immediately freed slaves in the South. 16. made it illegal for slaves to fight. Match each leader with his description. George McClellan P. G. T. Beauregard Thomas Jackson Winfield Scott Irvin McDowell Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee 17. Confederate general nicknamed Stonewall 18. original Union general-in-chief 19. Confederate general in command at First Manassas 20. Union general in the West; attacked Vicksburg 21. second Union general-in-chief 22. first general appointed by President Lincoln 23. second commander of Confederate forces Review Write the correct name, place, or date beside each description. 24. the Confederacy moved its capital here to be closer to railroads 25. the date the Civil War began 26. the place the Civil War began 13

3 Lesson 7 Answer the questions. 27. What country was Abraham Lincoln President of during the Civil War? 28. What country was Jefferson Davis President of during the Civil War? 29. What were border states? 14

4 LESSON 8 How Did the Tide Turn in Favor of the North? SECTION 17.3 Text pp Read How Did the Tide Turn in Favor of the North? (pp ). Study Exercises Match each leader with his description. George Pickett Stonewall Jackson Philip H. Sheridan William Sherman Ulysses S. Grant 1. led an ill-fated charge against Union soldiers near the end of the battle at Gettysburg 2. leader of the raids throughout the Shenandoah Valley 3. leader of raids from Atlanta to Savannah 4. Confederate general who died after being accidentally shot by his own soldiers during the battle at Chancellorsville 5. Union general-in-chief who finally forced the Confederates to surrender Complete the sentences. 6. The Battle of boosted the North s morale and determination. 7. On, Lee surrendered to Grant at, Virginia. 8. The Battle of was the last time the South invaded Northern territory. 9. The Union gained control of the Mississippi River after defeating and Port Hudson. 15

5 Lesson 8 Do these exercises. 10. List the terms Grant offered to Lee. 11. Why did Union armies raid and destroy the Shenandoah Valley? 12. Why did Union armies raid and destroy the area from Atlanta to Savannah? Review Complete the sentences about the Emancipation Proclamation. 13. a. It boosted b. It encouraged c. It did not d. It promised Match each leader with his description. 14. second commander of the Southern armies 15. Union general-in-chief at the beginning of the war 16. Southern general nicknamed Stonewall 17. Union general at Vicksburg a. Winfield Scott b. Robert E. Lee c. Ulysses S. Grant d. Thomas Jackson Answer the question. 18. What was the significance of the battle between the Merrimack and the Monitor? 16

6 LESSON 9 What Were the Results of the War? SECTION 17.4 Text pp Read What Were the Results of the War? (pp ). Study Exercises Complete the sentences. 1. Many Northerners wanted to the South for Lincoln s assassination. 2. Southerners the North s response and Lincoln s death. 3. Because men were forced to serve in the, the Civil War was different from previous American wars. Answer the questions. 4. a. Who shot President Lincoln? b. What is the translation of the phrase he shouted? 5. a. Where was Lincoln when he was shot? b. What was the date? c. On what date did he die? 6. What two options did Northern conscientious objectors have to avoid serving in the military? 7. How did Southern conscientious objectors avoid serving in the military? 17

7 Lesson 9 Complete the chart. Remember that each outer circle gives details about the circle to which it is attached First Modern War 14. The North The Civil War Results for the Country 17. The South Slavery Settled Two Issues States Rights 18

8 Lessons 9, 10 Review Answer the questions. 19. What river did the Union control after capturing Vicksburg and Port Hudson? 20. What battle ended the Southern invasion of the North? 21. What battle raised the North s morale and marked the turning point of the war? 22. a. Where did Lee surrender, ending the Civil War? b. On what date did Lee surrender? 23. To what Union general-in-chief did Lee surrender? Complete the sentences. 24. Union general Philip Sheridan was ordered to raid the and destroy resources that could have been used by the 25. Union general William Sherman raided from to, breaking Southern. Army. 26. Confederate troops accidentally shot, one of their own generals. LESSON 10 Quiz 2 Use this checklist to prepare for Quiz 2. Review the Review sections in this section. Review the work you did in Lesson 9. Tell your teacher when you are ready for the quiz. 19

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