Construcción del Estado y Regímenes de Tributación en América Central

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Construcción del Estado y Regímenes de Tributación en América Central"

Transcription

1 Construcción del Estado y Regímenes de Tributación en América Central Professor Aaron Schneider University of Denver Presentation for CEPAL Seminario de Politica Fiscal 5/3/2013

2 Globalization, State-building, and Tax Newly emerging sectors transnational in production, investment, markets Assembly manufacture, non-traditional agriculture, services/tourism, remittances, extractive industries Requires state-building policies and institutions to create and sustain strategies of accumulation State-building is more than formative nation-building and Weberian modernization States bargain to insert national actors in international capitalism, secure key inputs, manage social questions of excluded groups Tax -particularly good place to look for the expression of and success of state-building projects Pays for public goods, and represents the terms of political community But, fiscal termites under globalized economy

3 Emerging Elites: Cohesion Dominance State-building Project Strategies of accumulation Institutions, Policies Tax Regimes: Capacity Universality Progressivity

4 Tax Capacity: El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala El Salvador Honduras Costa Rica Guatemala Source: Author calculations from United Nations data collected by the Economic Commission of Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC or CEPAL, in Spanish),

5 Estructura de la Élite Instituciones Cambios en el régimen fiscal Cohesión Dominación Capacidad Universalidad Progresividad El Salvador Alta Alta Facilitan Alta Moderada Baja Honduras Baja Alta Facilitan Moderada Baja Baja Costa Rica Alta Alta Obstaculizan Baja Baja Neutro Guatemala Baja Baja Obstaculizan Baja Baja Baja

6 Honduras Export Earnings (US$mi) 3, , , , , , Non-Traditional Exports Tourism Worker Remittances Traditional Exports (banana, coffee)

7 Tax Policy Countries in the region have only moderately increased revenues, which remain below the regional average Raw mat, cap Income tax imports, profit repat Costa Rica 100% 100% for 8 years, 50% for next 4 El Salvador 100% 100%, 20 years Sales/Value added Tax Asset tax 100% 100%, 10 years 100%, 10 years Municipal taxes and fees 100%, 10 years 100% 100%, 20 years Limits on domestic sales 25% manuf, 50% svc None Honduras 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 5% manuf, 50% svc Nicaragua 100% 100%, 10 years Guatemala 100% 100%, 12 years Local input + forex regul None None None 100% 100% 100% 20-40% None 100% 100% 100% 20% manuf None Also evident is the large number of privileges to particular sectors

8 Parties and Party Systems, Central America Effective Parties* Left** Right** Guatemala El Salvador Nicaragua Costa Rica Honduras *Author calculations from national electoral results **Source: Zoco (2006: 265).

9 El Salvador: Inside Out State-building Emerging elites: Cohesive and Dominant Financial sectors coordinate FUSADES, ARENA Executive dominance, patronage in legislature External accumulation dollarization, trade integration, market liberalization Revenues: Reforms by fiat Steady increase to capacity and some universality, though fail to tax most dynamic sectors and limited progressivity

10 Guatemala: State-building Crisis Emerging elites: Divided, non- Dominant Family financial empires, CACIF tie traditional, oligarchic, and emerging Fragmented, volatile, non-ideological parties Lack of state-building project, weak institutions Uncoordinated accumulation Revenues: Reform by stealth Limited capacity, particularism, no progressivity

11 Honduras: Outside In State- Building Emerging elites: Dominant, Divided Family, oligopoly sectors (commerce, banking, media) Liberal, National Parties Parallel patronage exec-legis, technocratinternational Encourage external insertion in Honduras Revenues: Transnational Reform Occasional increases to capacity and progressivity, but eroded by exemptions, incentives, special regimes

12 Costa Rica: El Estado Desgarrado Emerging elites: Cohesive, Dominant Finance, Non-traditional exports Move PLN to the right But party system instability Legacy of Welfare State Social and Institutional Obstacles in Legislature, Judiciary Upgrade exports Revenues: Inertial Reform Moderate increases to capacity Limited universality, progressivity

13 Emerging elites and patterns of reform Cohesive Dominant El Salvador Reforms by Fiat ~Dominant Costa Rica 1948 Balanced Reforms ~Cohesive Honduras Transnational Reform Guatemala Reforms by Stealth

14 Estructura de la Élite Instituciones Cambios en el régimen fiscal Cohesión Dominación Capacidad Universalidad Progresividad El Salvador Alta Alta Facilitan Alta Moderada Baja Honduras Baja Alta Facilitan Moderada Baja Baja Costa Rica Alta Alta Obstaculizan Baja Baja Neutro Guatemala Baja Baja Obstaculizan Baja Baja Baja

Latin America. Sarah Hunter Oxford Economics

Latin America. Sarah Hunter Oxford Economics Long term macroeconomics assessment of Latin America Sarah Hunter Oxford Economics Methodology Macroeconomic analysis was completed in three stages, with each stage leveraging quantitative tools built

More information

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND RURAL POVERTY: A MEXICAN PERSPECTIVE

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND RURAL POVERTY: A MEXICAN PERSPECTIVE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND RURAL POVERTY: A MEXICAN PERSPECTIVE Woodrow Wilson Center Washington, D.C. Thursday, May 24, 2001 ING. ANTONIO RUIZ GARCÍA, RURAL DEVELOPMENT UNDERSECRETARY 1 INTRODUCTION

More information

Food Security and Water in Central America in the context of Climate Change: Maureen Ballestero Chair GWP Costa Rica

Food Security and Water in Central America in the context of Climate Change: Maureen Ballestero Chair GWP Costa Rica Maureen Ballestero Chair GWP Costa Rica Food Security and Water in Central America in the context of Climate Change: Reducing vulnerability through the construction of public policies in Central America

More information

Business Opportunities for Investment and Trade in Peru: South America s Strategic Hub

Business Opportunities for Investment and Trade in Peru: South America s Strategic Hub Economic Research Department Business Opportunities for Investment and Trade in Peru: South America s Strategic Hub Economic Research Department BBVA August 2009 1 1 Index 1. Macroeconomic stability and

More information

Colombia in the world

Colombia in the world Colombia in the world Proexport around the world Process of attracting Foreign Direct Investment Proexport offers detailed and professional assistance for investors that find interesting business opportunities

More information

NICARAGUA. 1. General trends

NICARAGUA. 1. General trends Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2014 1 NICARAGUA 1. General trends In 2013 the Nicaraguan economy expanded by 4.6% after growth of 5.0% in 2012 driven by external demand, private investment

More information

Latin America s s Foreign Debt

Latin America s s Foreign Debt Latin America s s Foreign Debt Causes and Effects Internal Causes of the Debt Overvalued currency associated with ISI Returns on projects in future, but payments now: Debt trap Populist economic policies:

More information

Trade and Development Board Sixty-first session. Geneva, 15 26 September 2014

Trade and Development Board Sixty-first session. Geneva, 15 26 September 2014 UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT Trade and Development Board Sixty-first session Geneva, 15 26 September 2014 Item 3: High-level segment Tackling inequality through trade and development:

More information

Evolution of informal employment in the Dominican Republic

Evolution of informal employment in the Dominican Republic NOTES O N FORMALIZATION Evolution of informal employment in the Dominican Republic According to official estimates, between 2005 and 2010, informal employment fell from 58,6% to 47,9% as a proportion of

More information

INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT: BUILDING SYNERGIES

INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT: BUILDING SYNERGIES Multi-year Expert Meeting on Enhancing the Enabling Economic Environment at All Levels in Support of Inclusive and Sustainable Development (2nd session) Towards an enabling multilateral trading system

More information

ISSUES AFFECTING LATIN AMERICAN AGRICUL- TURE AND FUTURE TRADE NEGOTIATIONS 3

ISSUES AFFECTING LATIN AMERICAN AGRICUL- TURE AND FUTURE TRADE NEGOTIATIONS 3 Thompson Casco Diaz-Bonilla Rogers 227 ISSUES AFFECTING LATIN AMERICAN AGRICUL- TURE AND FUTURE TRADE NEGOTIATIONS 3 Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla, IFPRI BACKGROUND Agriculture and agro-industry are central components

More information

REPORT TO MINISTERS Fifth Ministerial Meeting of the Pathways to Prosperity in the Americas Initiative Cali, Colombia

REPORT TO MINISTERS Fifth Ministerial Meeting of the Pathways to Prosperity in the Americas Initiative Cali, Colombia REPORT TO MINISTERS Fifth Ministerial Meeting of the Pathways to Prosperity in the Americas Initiative Cali, Colombia As the fifth Pathways to Prosperity Ministerial in Cali, Colombia, approaches, the

More information

10 casas sin nada 20 casas sistemas2 30 total. 15 casas sin nada 15 casas sistema S2 30 casas sistema S3 60 total

10 casas sin nada 20 casas sistemas2 30 total. 15 casas sin nada 15 casas sistema S2 30 casas sistema S3 60 total Sustainability in SIASAR Sustainable Services in SIASAR: High coverage (for all of WASH) Quality Systems and Services Strong Service providers P1 B S1 C C1 10 casas sin nada 20 casas sistemas2 30 total

More information

Global Production Chains in Latin America: Challenges for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth Pablo Heidrich & Zoe Williams

Global Production Chains in Latin America: Challenges for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth Pablo Heidrich & Zoe Williams Global Production Chains in Latin America: Challenges for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth Pablo Heidrich & Zoe Williams Trade and Inclusive Growth Serie Brief Nº 72 Septiembre 2011 Global Production

More information

CAPTURE THE OPPORTUNITY IN COLOMBIA

CAPTURE THE OPPORTUNITY IN COLOMBIA CAPTURE THE OPPORTUNITY IN COLOMBIA BUSINESS SWEDEN June 2015 Bogota COLOMBIA AMONG THE FASTEST GROWING ECONOMIES IN THE REGION EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Colombia has a privileged geographical location between

More information

The Central American SMEs and ICTs An empirical study on the impact of ICTs adoption on SME s performance

The Central American SMEs and ICTs An empirical study on the impact of ICTs adoption on SME s performance The Central American SMEs and ICTs An empirical study on the impact of ICTs adoption on SME s performance by Ricardo Monge González rmonge@caatec.org Cindy Alfaro Azofeifa calfaro@caatec.org Jose I. Alfaro

More information

AmericasBarometer Insights: 2009(No.22) * Municipal Corruption Victimization 1

AmericasBarometer Insights: 2009(No.22) * Municipal Corruption Victimization 1 This is the third paper (I0803, I0813) in the AmericasBarometer Insight Series to analyze the sources of corruption victimization, focusing on another question included in the 2008 round of the Latin American

More information

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION (PAHO)

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION (PAHO) CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION (PAHO) QUESTIONS AND ISSUES FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO SECRETARY GENERAL REPORT PURSUANT GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 65/182 April, 2011 1) Particular challenges

More information

Agrimonitor: PSE Agricultural Policy Monitoring System in LAC INE/RND

Agrimonitor: PSE Agricultural Policy Monitoring System in LAC INE/RND Agrimonitor: PSE Agricultural Policy Monitoring System in LAC INE/RND WHAT POLICY MONITORING IS,WHY IS IMPORTANT AND WHAT HAS ALREADY BEEN DONE IN OUR COUNTRIES? Monitor and evaluate developments in agricultural

More information

COLOMBIA ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE BRIEF October 2012

COLOMBIA ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE BRIEF October 2012 COLOMBIA ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE BRIEF October 2012 1. ECONOMY IN BRIEF Colombian GDP in 2011 reached 5.9%, showing a continuous positive growth rate over the past years. In the third quarter of 2012 the

More information

LBBW Mexico. March, 2013

LBBW Mexico. March, 2013 LBBW Mexico March, 2013 00. Monat 20XX, Titel der Präsentation, Referent, Seite 1 Presentation LBBW International Business,Page 1 Landesbank Baden-Württemberg Mexico 00. Monat 20XX, Titel der Präsentation,

More information

THE ROLE OF TVET PROVIDERS IN TRAINING CHILEAN VISION AND EXPERIENCE OVTA SEMINAR CHIBA, JAPAN

THE ROLE OF TVET PROVIDERS IN TRAINING CHILEAN VISION AND EXPERIENCE OVTA SEMINAR CHIBA, JAPAN THE ROLE OF TVET PROVIDERS IN TRAINING CHILEAN VISION AND EXPERIENCE OVTA SEMINAR CHIBA, JAPAN Pablo Lazo General Directorate of Economic International Relations Ministry of Foreign Affairs CHILEAN MAIN

More information

Social Protection as Redistribution: the evidence for Asia from Latin America 1

Social Protection as Redistribution: the evidence for Asia from Latin America 1 1 Social Protection as Redistribution: the evidence for Asia from Latin America 1 Ana Sojo 2 I. On the links between the concentrated nature of economic growth, employment and social protection Employment

More information

The recent decline in income inequality in Brazil: magnitude, determinants and consequences. Ricardo Paes de Barros (IPEA)

The recent decline in income inequality in Brazil: magnitude, determinants and consequences. Ricardo Paes de Barros (IPEA) The recent decline in income inequality in Brazil: magnitude, determinants and consequences Ricardo Paes de Barros (IPEA) Cuidad de Guatemala, July 2007 1. Magnitude 0.610 Evolution of inequality in per

More information

Mary A. Clark. Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, School of Liberal Arts, Tulane University, 2014-present

Mary A. Clark. Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, School of Liberal Arts, Tulane University, 2014-present Mary A. Clark Department of Political Science Norman Mayer Building Tulane University New Orleans, LA 70118 Tel: 504-866-0149 (H) 504-862-8305 (O) 504-717-6392 (cell) E-mail: maclark@tulane.edu EDUCATION

More information

Economic and Social Development in Latin America: The Role of Coffee. Paulo Paiva* Vice President for Planning and Administration

Economic and Social Development in Latin America: The Role of Coffee. Paulo Paiva* Vice President for Planning and Administration Economic and Social Development in Latin America: The Role of Coffee Paulo Paiva* Vice President for Planning and Administration Inter-American Development Bank To be presented at the World Coffee Conference

More information

ECON 4311: The Economy of Latin America. Debt Relief. Part 1: Early Initiatives

ECON 4311: The Economy of Latin America. Debt Relief. Part 1: Early Initiatives ECON 4311: The Economy of Latin America Debt Relief Part 1: Early Initiatives The Debt Crisis of 1982 severely hit the Latin American economies for many years to come. Balance of payments deficits and

More information

STUDY BY THE TRIPARTITE COMMITTEE

STUDY BY THE TRIPARTITE COMMITTEE A Comparative Guide to the Chile-United States Free Trade Agreement and the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement A STUDY BY THE TRIPARTITE COMMITTEE Chapter Six: Sanitary

More information

PwC InterAméricas Tax News

PwC InterAméricas Tax News www.pwc.com/interamericas PwC InterAméricas Tax News Law 139-11 for increasing the tax income and allocate more funds to education Dominican Republic PwC InterAméricas Tax News Dominican Republic InterAmericas

More information

The Impact of TNC Strategies on Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Impact of TNC Strategies on Development in Latin America and the Caribbean The Impact of TNC Strategies on Development in Latin America and the Caribbean Michael Mortimore ECLAC, Santiago, Chile mmortimore@eclac.cl ODI Meeting on FDI, Income Inequality and Poverty Reduction,

More information

DolEx Acquisition Conference Call

DolEx Acquisition Conference Call agile focused accountable advocate strategic global payments is dedicated agile focused to providing leadership in the delivery of payments and associated information accountable advocate strategic dedicated

More information

CYCLICAL INDICATORS OF FISCAL POLICY IN LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CHILE) Ricardo Martner *

CYCLICAL INDICATORS OF FISCAL POLICY IN LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CHILE) Ricardo Martner * CYCLICAL INDICATORS OF FISCAL POLICY IN LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CHILE) Ricardo Martner * 1. Introduction In recent years, numerical fiscal rules have been established in most

More information

On the Map Sur la carte Flag cards Cartes drapeaux

On the Map Sur la carte Flag cards Cartes drapeaux On the Map Sur la carte Flag cards Cartes drapeaux Canada Area: 9,984,670 km² Population: 34,838,000 GDP per capita: US$42,533 Official language(s): English and French Type of government: parliamentary

More information

Regional Monetary Fund: the Case for Latin America

Regional Monetary Fund: the Case for Latin America Elizaveta V. Ogloblina Assistant Professor International Banking and Finance Department Finance University under the Government of the Russian Federation Regional Monetary Fund: the Case for Latin America

More information

Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

Goal 4. Reduce child mortality Goal 4. Reduce child mortality 4.1. Introduction Target 4.A of MDG 4 reads: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate. Monitoring of this Goal consists of three indicators

More information

FREE TRADE AND MEXICO S MEAT SECTOR. September 27, 2012

FREE TRADE AND MEXICO S MEAT SECTOR. September 27, 2012 FREE TRADE AND MEXICO S MEAT SECTOR September 27, 2012 Contents I. Trade Agreements signed by Mexico II. Benefits of Foreign Trade III. External Challenges of Foreign Trade IV. Foreign Trade and the Mexican

More information

Tax Incentives: Efficient? Effective?

Tax Incentives: Efficient? Effective? Tax Incentives: Efficient? Effective? Victoria Perry Fiscal Affairs Department, IMF April 2015 ECOSOC Background Request to IOs from G20 Development Working Group for a paper on Options for low income

More information

Uruguayan Electoral Process 2014-2015

Uruguayan Electoral Process 2014-2015 Uruguayan Electoral Process 2014-2015 Rafael Piñeiro Departamento de Ciencias Sociales y Políticas Universidad Católica del Uruguay Elections in Latin America Woodrow Willson Center Washington, January

More information

EL SALVADOR TRADE SUMMARY IMPORT POLICIES

EL SALVADOR TRADE SUMMARY IMPORT POLICIES EL SALVADOR TRADE SUMMARY The U.S. goods trade balance with El Salvador went from a trade deficit of $134 million in 2005 to a trade surplus of $301 million in 2006. U.S. goods exports in 2006 were $2.2

More information

Developing Credit Reporting in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges

Developing Credit Reporting in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges African Finance for the 21 st Century High-Level Seminar organized by the IMF Institute in collaboration with the Joint Africa Institute Tunis, Tunisia, March 4 5, 2008 Session VI: Designing Context-Specific

More information

Combating Illegal Wildlife Trafficking in Central America Humane Society International

Combating Illegal Wildlife Trafficking in Central America Humane Society International Combating Illegal Wildlife Trafficking in Central America Humane Society International Marta M. Prado Executive Director, International Trade and Development September 24, 2009 Who is Humane Society International?

More information

Giovanni E. Reyes Ortiz Bogotá (57-1) 627 6401; (57) 310 807 57 86 giovr2007@gmail.com; giovanni.reyes@urosario.edu.co

Giovanni E. Reyes Ortiz Bogotá (57-1) 627 6401; (57) 310 807 57 86 giovr2007@gmail.com; giovanni.reyes@urosario.edu.co Giovanni E. Reyes Ortiz Bogotá (57-1) 627 6401; (57) 310 807 57 86 giovr2007@gmail.com; giovanni.reyes@urosario.edu.co EDUCATION Post-Graduate Ph.D. Certificates: - Microeconomics of Competitiveness /

More information

Open access policies: What can we learn from Latin America? Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos

Open access policies: What can we learn from Latin America? Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos Open access policies: What can we learn from Latin America? Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos 8.00 GDP growth 1999 2009 (percetual variation) 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00-2.00-4.00-6.00 1999 2000

More information

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica: The Tico Tiger that hasn t..

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica: The Tico Tiger that hasn t.. FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica: The Tico Tiger that hasn t.. Carnegie Endowment for Peace, Heinrich Böll Foundation, GDAE Washington, D.C., June 19, 2008 Eva A. Paus; Professor of Economics,

More information

Poverty in Central America and Mexico

Poverty in Central America and Mexico Courtney Taglauer, Student Participant Fairfield High School, Iowa Poverty in Central America and Mexico According to the World Food Bank, Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical

More information

Evolution of EU exports and imports of goods with CELAC, 2004-2014 (in billion)

Evolution of EU exports and imports of goods with CELAC, 2004-2014 (in billion) 100/2015-9 June 2015 EU Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) summit CELAC represents the fifth most important trading partner of the EU More than 200 bn total trade The 28 Member States

More information

Political Economy of Taxation in Africa: Fiscal Legitimacy and Public Expenditure

Political Economy of Taxation in Africa: Fiscal Legitimacy and Public Expenditure Political Economy of Taxation in Africa: Fiscal Legitimacy and Public Expenditure Introduction The issue addressed in this paper is the link between the political credibility or legitimacy of the state

More information

Food Security: A Priority for the Inter American Social Protection Network

Food Security: A Priority for the Inter American Social Protection Network Food Security: A Priority for the Inter American Social Protection Network The General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS/GS), the FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean,

More information

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT E MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT March 2013 Coffee prices stabilized in March 2013, with the monthly average of the ICO composite indicator price essentially unchanged on the previous month. Contrasting

More information

VENTURE CAPITAL: DRIVING DEVELOPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA

VENTURE CAPITAL: DRIVING DEVELOPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA VENTURE CAPITAL: DRIVING DEVELOPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA Multilateral Investment Fund Member of the IDB Group SUMMARY Venture Capital (VC) in Latin America is still in its inception but has enormous potential.

More information

The State of Democracy in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis of the Attitudes of Elites and Citizens

The State of Democracy in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis of the Attitudes of Elites and Citizens # 1 BOLETIN PNUD & INSTITUTO DE IBEROAMÉRICA Author: Margarita Corral January 2011 The State of Democracy in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis of the Attitudes of Elites and Citizens Page 1 Introduction

More information

Perspectives on Venture Capital and Fixed Income Markets

Perspectives on Venture Capital and Fixed Income Markets Perspectives on Venture Capital and Fixed Income Markets Parag Saxena International Business Forum on Financing for Development Doha, Qatar, November 2008 Today s Discussion: Three Significant Forces for

More information

COMPETENT AUTHORITIES

COMPETENT AUTHORITIES ANNEX VI COMPETENT AUTHORITIES A. COMPETENT AUTHORITIES OF THE EU PARTY Control is shared between the national services of the European Union Member States and the European Commission. In this respect

More information

Advancing Graduate Education in the Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Dr. Thomas J. Dormody, Dean of the Graduate School, CATIE

Advancing Graduate Education in the Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Dr. Thomas J. Dormody, Dean of the Graduate School, CATIE Advancing Graduate Education in the Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Dr. Thomas J. Dormody, Dean of the Graduate School, CATIE HACU 10 th International Conference San Antonio, TX Plenary Session

More information

HAITI SERVICES SECTOR ANALYSIS

HAITI SERVICES SECTOR ANALYSIS HAITI SERVICES SECTOR ANALYSIS Haiti Snapshot Capital: Port Au Prince Population: 10,173,775 (WB 2012) Currency: Gourde GDP (constant 2005 US$): 4.6b (WB 2012) GDP per capita (constant 2005 US$): $459

More information

Enterprise Surveys Argentina: Country Profile 2006

Enterprise Surveys Argentina: Country Profile 2006 Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized 4244 Enterprise Surveys : Country Profile 26 Region: Latin America and the Carribean

More information

AGENDA FOR THE THIRD MEETING OF THE WORKING GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATIONS (GTCI) August 4 th -7 th (4 days) Bogota, Colombia

AGENDA FOR THE THIRD MEETING OF THE WORKING GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATIONS (GTCI) August 4 th -7 th (4 days) Bogota, Colombia AGENDA FOR THE THIRD MEETING OF THE WORKING GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATIONS (GTCI) August 4 th -7 th (4 days) Bogota, Colombia 9:00 to 16.00 hrs.* GTCI MEMBERS Monday, August 4 th 1. Welcome by

More information

Inequality and Gender in Latin America and the Caribbean. Population Dynamics and Gender. Education and Gender. Employment, growth and gender equality

Inequality and Gender in Latin America and the Caribbean. Population Dynamics and Gender. Education and Gender. Employment, growth and gender equality Inequality and Gender in Latin America and the Caribbean Population Dynamics and Gender Education and Gender Employment, growth and gender equality Democratic Governance and Gender Equality Disaster Risk

More information

Internationalisation of higher education: global trends.

Internationalisation of higher education: global trends. Internationalisation of higher education: global trends. HANS DE WIT, DIRECTOR OF THE CENTRE FOR HIGHER EDUCATION INTERNATIONALISATION (CHEI), UNIVERSITÀ CATTOLICÀ DEL SACRO CUORE (MILAN, ITALY) PROFESSOR

More information

Contents. Public policies on care. Poverty, income distribution, perceptions of distribution and social spending

Contents. Public policies on care. Poverty, income distribution, perceptions of distribution and social spending Contents Poverty, income distribution, perceptions of distribution and social spending - Changes in poverty and its determinants - Income distribution and perceptions of distribution - Trends in household

More information

SOUTH-SOUTH TRADE: THE COSTA RICAN EXPERIENCE

SOUTH-SOUTH TRADE: THE COSTA RICAN EXPERIENCE SOUTH-SOUTH TRADE: THE COSTA RICAN EXPERIENCE A paper contributed by the Costa Rica National Strategy Team I. General Characteristics of Costa Rica The Costa Rican economy, with its 4.2 million inhabitants,

More information

EU's Development Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Agriculture, rural development and food security

EU's Development Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Agriculture, rural development and food security EU's Development Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Agriculture, rural development and food security Galina Karamalakova Geodesk Latin America European Commission DG International Cooperation

More information

Survey of LAC agricultural research institutes on technical information management.

Survey of LAC agricultural research institutes on technical information management. Survey of LAC agricultural research institutes on technical information management. FORAGRO Technical Secretariat Area of Technology and Innovation Directorate of Technical Leadership and Knowledge Management,

More information

Tourism Statistical Yearly Report 2012

Tourism Statistical Yearly Report 2012 Tourism Statistical Yearly Report 2012 The Costa Rica Tourism Board is pleased to present the Tourism Statistical Yearly Report 2012. The information has been collected and organized by officers of Subproceso

More information

THE LATIN AMERICAN INSURANCE MARKET 2013-2014. Insurance and Social Protection Area

THE LATIN AMERICAN INSURANCE MARKET 2013-2014. Insurance and Social Protection Area THE LATIN AMERICAN INSURANCE MARKET 2013-2014 Insurance and Social Protection Area 2013 2014 The Latin American Insurance Market 2013-2014 FUNDACIÓN MAPFRE is not liable for the content of this work, and

More information

Norway s Management of the Petroleum Revenues

Norway s Management of the Petroleum Revenues UNCTAD Expert Meeting on FDI IN NATURAL RESOURCES 20-22 November 2006 Norway s Management of the Petroleum Revenues by Mr. Fridjof Berents Assistant Director General The views expressed are those of the

More information

Perspectives on Venture Capital and Fixed Income Markets. ChileGlobal Seminar September 26, 2007

Perspectives on Venture Capital and Fixed Income Markets. ChileGlobal Seminar September 26, 2007 Perspectives on Venture Capital and Fixed Income Markets ChileGlobal Seminar September 26, 2007 Today s Discussion: Three Significant Forces for National Economic Growth Venture Capital Fixed Income Markets

More information

The economic infrastructure gap in Latin America and the Caribbean

The economic infrastructure gap in Latin America and the Caribbean Issue No. 293 - Number 1 / 2011 B U L L E T I N ISSN 1564-4243 FACILITATION OF TRANSPORT AND TRADE IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN The economic infrastructure gap in Latin America and the Caribbean

More information

ED 2157/13. 13 May 2013 Original: English. Report on the outbreak of coffee leaf rust in Central America and Action Plan to combat the pest

ED 2157/13. 13 May 2013 Original: English. Report on the outbreak of coffee leaf rust in Central America and Action Plan to combat the pest ED 2157/13 13 May 2013 Original: English E Report on the outbreak of coffee leaf rust in Central America and Action Plan to combat the pest The Executive Director presents his compliments and following

More information

UNCTAD Brief UNCTAD-UNDP Global Programme on Globalization, Liberalization and Sustainable Human Development

UNCTAD Brief UNCTAD-UNDP Global Programme on Globalization, Liberalization and Sustainable Human Development UNCTAD Brief UNCTAD-UNDP Global Programme on Globalization, Liberalization and Sustainable Human Development United Nations Conference on Trade and Development United Nations Development Programme Rationale

More information

Accounting Education in Latin America and the Caribbean

Accounting Education in Latin America and the Caribbean REPARIS A REGIONAL PROGRAM Accounting Education in Latin America and the Caribbean Henri Fortin, Program Manager, CFRR THE ROAD TO EUROPE: PROGRAM OF ACCOUNTING REFORM AND INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING (REPARIS)

More information

Supporting Trade Facilitation in West Africa. Banjul, June 17, 2014 Mikiko Imai Ollison

Supporting Trade Facilitation in West Africa. Banjul, June 17, 2014 Mikiko Imai Ollison Supporting Trade Facilitation in West Africa Banjul, June 17, 2014 Mikiko Imai Ollison Contents Why is trade logistics important? WBG Trade Facilitation Support WBG implementation of Trade Facilitation

More information

Coordinating national investment promotion with subnational investment promotion

Coordinating national investment promotion with subnational investment promotion . Coordinating national investment promotion with subnational investment promotion Investment climate, World Bank Global Market Access from an International Economy Spain: your partner in Europe Business

More information

FOREWORD. Costa Rica. Services provided by member firms include:

FOREWORD. Costa Rica. Services provided by member firms include: 2015/16 FOREWORD A country's tax regime is always a key factor for any business considering moving into new markets. What is the corporate tax rate? Are there any incentives for overseas businesses? Are

More information

The free trade agreements between the Central

The free trade agreements between the Central Trade Liberalization and Tax Coordination Chiara Bronchi and Dale Chua The free trade agreements between the Central American countries, the Dominican Republic, and the United States (CAFTA-DR) are expected

More information

Analysis of the impact of dollarization and CAFTA-DR on El Salvador s Trade Flows. Luis Sandoval* Graduate Student

Analysis of the impact of dollarization and CAFTA-DR on El Salvador s Trade Flows. Luis Sandoval* Graduate Student Analysis of the impact of dollarization and CAFTA-DR on El Salvador s Trade Flows Luis Sandoval* Graduate Student luis.sandovalmejia@ttu.edu Jaime Malaga* Associate Professor jaime.malaga@ttu.edu Carlos

More information

Investing in Latin America through Spain: Planning Opportunities

Investing in Latin America through Spain: Planning Opportunities Investing in Latin America through Spain: Planning Opportunities 11th Annual Latin American Tax Conference Miami, Florida 10-11 March 2010 Luis Carbajo, Isabel Otaola, Joaquin Kersman, Clarissa Machado,

More information

APEC Information Privacy Principles in the Development of Outsourcing Business: Contact Center in Peru

APEC Information Privacy Principles in the Development of Outsourcing Business: Contact Center in Peru 2008/SOM1/ECSG/SEM/018 APEC Information Privacy Principles in the Development of Outsourcing Business: Contact Center in Peru Submitted by: Peru Technical Assistance Seminar on International Implementation

More information

Total Domestic Factoring FCI 594, , , , , , , %

Total Domestic Factoring FCI 594, , , , , , , % Accumulative Turnover Figures for All FCI Members Compared to Worldwide Factoring Turnover (in Millions of EUR and USD) EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR EUR INCREASE 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2011/2012

More information

COMMON FUND FOR COMMODITIES THIRD UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

COMMON FUND FOR COMMODITIES THIRD UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES COMMON FUND FOR COMMODITIES THIRD UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES INTERACTIVE THEMATIC SESSION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE, COMMODITIES AND SERVICES/TOURISM Presentation by Dr. Rolf

More information

COSTA RICA: LINKING TRADE AND INVESTMENT FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

COSTA RICA: LINKING TRADE AND INVESTMENT FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTA RICA: LINKING TRADE AND INVESTMENT FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT GETTING TO KNOW COSTA RICA o A small country of 51,100 km2 o With 4.7 million inhabitants o Strategically located in the middle

More information

Tax Reform in Brazil and the U.S.

Tax Reform in Brazil and the U.S. Tax Reform in Brazil and the U.S. Devon M. Bodoh Principal in Charge Latin America Markets, Tax KPMG LLP Carlos Eduardo Toro Director KPMG Brazil Agenda Overview of Global Tax Reform Overview Organization

More information

THE LOW INTEREST RATE ENVIRONMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON INSURANCE MARKETS. Mamiko Yokoi-Arai

THE LOW INTEREST RATE ENVIRONMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON INSURANCE MARKETS. Mamiko Yokoi-Arai THE LOW INTEREST RATE ENVIRONMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON INSURANCE MARKETS Mamiko Yokoi-Arai Current macro economic environment is of Low interest rate Low inflation and nominal wage growth Slow growth Demographic

More information

Capacity building for non communicable disease prevention and control in Latin America and Caribbean

Capacity building for non communicable disease prevention and control in Latin America and Caribbean Capacity building for non communicable disease prevention and control in Latin America and Caribbean Advances and challenges Branka Legetic, Anselm Hennis Pan American Health Organization- World Health

More information

LTE LATIN AMERICA APRIL 2016

LTE LATIN AMERICA APRIL 2016 LTE LATIN AMERICA APRIL 2016 5G AMERICAS The Voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas 5G Americas is an industry trade organization composed of leading telecommunications service providers and manufacturers.

More information

A Long-Run Model of Development for Central America

A Long-Run Model of Development for Central America UNIVERSITY OF LONDON 2 7 INSTITUTE OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES RESEARCH PAPERS A Long-Run Model of Development for Central America Victor Bulmer-Thomas A Long-Run Model of Development for Central America

More information

1.BPO #INVESTINGUATEMALA. Industry in Guatemala

1.BPO #INVESTINGUATEMALA. Industry in Guatemala #INVESTINGUATEMALA Industry in Guatemala General information of the country Capital City Currency Exchange Rate (2013) Official Language Population Labor Force (2013) GDP (2013) FDI inflows (2013) Exports

More information

THERE ARE THINGS TO BE DONE FOR A FULL

THERE ARE THINGS TO BE DONE FOR A FULL THERE ARE THINGS TO BE DONE FOR A FULL DEMOCRACY AMÉRICA LATINA 1996-2000 P. Do you think democracy is fully estsblished or do you think it is not fully established and there are things to be done for

More information

THE ROLE OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURE

THE ROLE OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURE THE ROLE OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURE By Ernst Idsardi (+27) 051 401 3570 idsardief.sci@ufs.ac.za www.ufs.ac.za/natagri OUTLINE Introduction FDI in South Africa (SA) FDI, a

More information

Central American Countries

Central American Countries n Countries Color each country a different color, then study the countries names and locations. A Belize A B Guatemala C El Salvador B D D Honduras C E Nicaragua E F Costa Rica G Panama F G Answer the

More information

Trends, News and Events that are Shaping the AML Arena in Latin America

Trends, News and Events that are Shaping the AML Arena in Latin America Trends, News and Events that are Shaping the AML Arena in Latin America Presented by: Octavio Betancourt- Managing Director 1 MoneyLaundering.com 15 th Annual International Anti-MoneyLaundering Conference

More information

Company Presentation. Corporate Motor Show

Company Presentation. Corporate Motor Show Company Presentation Corporate Motor Show 1 Company Overview 1. Company Overview Technology & Service Provider Network Operator 2 FY 2010 Financial Highlights 1. Company Overview Revenues Ebitda 60.9 19.2

More information

The experience of Peru with financial dedollariza6on. Zenón Quispe Central Reserve Bank of Peru

The experience of Peru with financial dedollariza6on. Zenón Quispe Central Reserve Bank of Peru The experience of Peru with financial dedollariza6on Zenón Quispe Central Reserve Bank of Peru 01 Content 1. Dollarization: the main vulnerability of the Peruvian economy 2. Why are we dollarized? 3. Rebuilding

More information

Latin America DBQ Killough LHS-North. Document 1. Span of the Amazon rain forest in South America. Source:

Latin America DBQ Killough LHS-North. Document 1. Span of the Amazon rain forest in South America. Source: 1 Span of the Amazon rain forest in South America. Source: http://rainforests.mongabay.com/0102.htm 2 The above chart is a representation of deforestation in square miles per year since 1985 to 2004. Source:

More information

Property Tax Relief Project Overview

Property Tax Relief Project Overview Presentation to the Property Tax Relief Task Force Anchorage Chamber of Commerce Task Force Aug 8, 2007 Mission: By Sept. 4, 2007 bring forth a recommendation for significant and lasting property tax relief

More information

EQUALITY AND SOCIAL INCLUSION

EQUALITY AND SOCIAL INCLUSION EQUALITY AND SOCIAL INCLUSION Alicia Bárcena Executive Secretary Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean The critical role of the regional space Complementarities between global and regional

More information

U.S. Trade Overview, 2013

U.S. Trade Overview, 2013 U.S. Trade Overview, 213 Stephanie Han & Natalie Soroka Trade and Economic Analysis Industry and Analysis Department of Commerce International Trade Administration October 214 Trade: A Vital Part of the

More information

International Trade and the Youth in Bolivia By

International Trade and the Youth in Bolivia By International Trade and the Youth in Bolivia By Carlos Ludena Key Points The youth face challenges in order to enter into the Labour market and gather benefits derived from commerce. The manufacturing

More information

JOINT DOCTORAL PROGRAM BETWEEN CENTRO AGRONÓMICO TROPICAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN Y ENSEÑANZA (CATIE) AND THE UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO (UI) I.

JOINT DOCTORAL PROGRAM BETWEEN CENTRO AGRONÓMICO TROPICAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN Y ENSEÑANZA (CATIE) AND THE UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO (UI) I. JOINT DOCTORAL PROGRAM BETWEEN CENTRO AGRONÓMICO TROPICAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN Y ENSEÑANZA (CATIE) AND THE UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO (UI) The University of Idaho (UI) and the Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher

More information

Colombia: sustaining reforms over time

Colombia: sustaining reforms over time 26 Colombia: sustaining reforms over time Colombia s experience shows the importance of sustaining reform efforts over time and adjusting them to the changing needs of the economy, whether at the national

More information