Appreciating the Gettysburg Address Lincoln s Great Speech

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1 release dates: February (09) 2009 Universal Press Syndicate Appreciating the Gettysburg Address Lincoln s Great Speech photos and map courtesy Pennsylvania Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission Abraham Lincoln was born 200 years ago on Feb. 12, We often use the bicentennial,or the 200th anniversary, of an event as a time to look back and remember that special date. This year, we will be hearing a lot about our 16th president, whom Americans honor and admire. Our 44th president, Barack Obama, is a great fan of Lincoln. They both were elected to the U.S. Congress from the same photo courtesy U.S. Senate state, Illinois. Lincoln was elected a U.S. representative in Obama was elected as a senator in Barack Obama announced that he was running for president in front of the building where Abraham Lincoln served as a lawyer and state lawmaker. The Old State Capitol Building in Springfield, Ill., is now a museum. Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated, or sworn in as president, in March The Civil War began in April of the same year. Lincoln made many speeches, but the Gettysburg Address is considered by most people to be his greatest. The Civil War Abraham Lincoln was our president during the Civil War. It lasted from April 12, 1861, to June This was a bitter struggle. Sometimes fathers, sons and brothers fought on different sides. In this war, more lives were lost than in any other American war. Lincoln s leadership preserved our union and brought an end to the war and to slavery. Robert E. Lee was commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Some causes of the war The fight against slavery was one of the main causes of the Civil War. Many people believed slavery was wrong. But the South depended on slave labor to plant and harvest cotton, sugar and other crops. Many people in the South also believed in a state s right to make its own laws. These people thought the U.S. Congress had no right to make laws governing their state. Ulysses S. Grant was commander of Union forces at the end of the war. Jefferson Davis was president of the Confederacy. Northern (Union) and Southern (Confederate) The Union soldiers usually wore blue uniforms; the Southern soldiers often wore gray. In the beginning, 23 states fought on the Union side. Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky and Missouri were slave states that did not secede, or break away, from Why do we say it was a civil war? One of the meanings of civil is something that happens between groups of citizens from the same country. photo courtesy Museum of the Confederacy the Union. Eleven states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America.

2 6-2 (09); release dates: February 7-13 Some Gettysburg Sites A visit to Gettysburg, Pa. The small town of Gettysburg is in southern Pennsylvania. Each year, more than 2 million tourists go there to see the National Military Park and the Soldiers National Cemetery. The places where Lincoln arrived, spent the night and made his famous speech are of special interest. Lincoln arrived at the Gettysburg Railroad Station on the evening of Nov. 18, That station is still standing in downtown Gettysburg. During the battle four months before, the station was used as a hospital for wounded soldiers. Some soldiers watched the battle from the cupola at the top of the building. photo courtesy Gettysburg National Military Park Lincoln spent the night at the David Wills House, which is within walking distance of the train station. Lincoln put the finishing touches on his speech there. This month, the David Wills House will reopen as a museum that tells the story of Lincoln and his famous speech. David Wills was a lawyer who helped to establish the Soldiers National Cemetery. Gettysburg National Military Park includes: a Visitors Center and the Gettysburg Museum of the American Civil War. a cyclorama, or huge painting done in a circle. the Gettysburg National Battlefield. the Soldiers National Cemetery. photo courtesy Pennsylvania Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission photo courtesy Bill Dowling Fact-a-roonies The story that the Gettysburg Address was written on the back of an envelope while Lincoln rode on the train to Gettysburg is not true. Lincoln carefully thought out his speeches. The commander of the Union forces at Gettysburg was Gen. George Gordon Meade. Lincoln began his speech with the words Four score and seven years ago. That means 87 years ago. The word score means 20. Four score and seven years before Nov. 19, 1863, would have been Lincoln was referring to the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Our thanks to: National Park Service Rangers at Gettysburg National Military Park. Site to see: Harry R. Rubenstein, chair, Division of Politics and Reform, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. Site to see: Tina Grim, executive administrator of the Civil War Institute at Gettysburg College and the Pennsylvania Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission. Spy... Mini Spy and her friends are listening to Lincoln s speech. See if you can find: marshmallow feather fish muffin word MINI cup bird bread loaf turtle heart bear number 8 apple comb Basset Brown The News Hound s Lincoln s Gettysburg Address TRY N FIND Words that remind us of the Gettsyburg Address are hidden in the block below. Some words are hidden backward or diagonally, and some letters are used twice. See if you can find: SPEECH, ABRAHAM, LINCOLN, BLUE, GRAY, NORTH, SOUTH, SOLDIER, CIVIL, WIN, NOVEMBER, CONFEDERACY, BATTLE, GRAVES, UNION, FIGHT, GETTYSBURG, ADDRESS. HONOR OUR SOLDIERS! U N I O N N L S G L E A S N X A H N K O O P B I G L B O L F O B T R J E V V S R T R L O I C E T U E G I E F A T A D C G U H Y C O C Z T M Y A H I N H K H H U S S E U L B B A E I T G E T T Y S B U R G E M R L H G R A V E S W R S S E R D D A C O N F E D E R A C Y K N I W

3 Go dot to dot and color this symbol of Abraham Lincoln. He sometimes carried important legal papers in this piece of clothing. photo 2008 Disney Enterprises Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6-3 (09); release dates: February 7-13 Rookie Cookie s Recipe Sticky Snack Balls This is sticky and messy to make, but lots of fun. You ll need: Be sure to start with very clean hands. 1 /4 cup peanut butter 2 tablespoons honey 1 /4 cup chopped pecans or other nuts 1 /4 cup raisins 1 /4 teaspoon vanilla 1 cup granola What to do: 1. Mix the first five ingredients in a medium bowl. 2. Add the granola and stir to combine. 3. Wet your hands and squeeze the mixture firmly to form eight or nine sticky balls. 4. Refrigerate before serving. Meet Lucy Lawless Lucy Lawless stars as Aspen in the movie Bedtime Stories. She has starred in several movies and TV shows, and is best known for her role as Xena in the TV series Xena: Warrior Princess and on the TV series Hercules. She spoke as the voice of Wonder Woman in the animated film Justice League: The New Frontier. She also sings and has released a CD. Lucy, 40, was born in Mount Albert, Auckland, New Zealand. She speaks German, French, Italian and English. She studied languages and opera in college. She also went to drama school in Canada. She does charity work for Starship Foundation, a children s hospital in New Zealand. A KID S GUIDE TO THE WHITE HOUSE Betty Debnam Kids! You're Invited to the White House A Kid s Guide to the White House is a terrific behind-the-scenes look at a very special house. Written with the cooperation of the White House Historical Association, the book is full of fun information, photos (some in full color) and puzzles that kids of all ages will enjoy. To order, send $9.95 plus $3.50 for postage and handling for each copy. Send check or money order (U.S. funds only) payable to: Andrews McMeel Universal, P.O. Box 6814, Leawood, KS Please send copies of A Kid s Guide to The White House (Item #2153-2) at $13.45 each, including postage and handling. Toll free number Name: Address: City: State: Zip: All the following jokes have something in common. Can you guess the common theme or category? Leslie: Where do most people think that Lincoln lives? Larry: At his Gettysburg Address! Lori: Where did Abe Lincoln put his hogs? Lisa: In a hog cabin! Leland: What did Lincoln s mother call him when he was an infant? Lester: Babe Lincoln!

4 6-4 (09); release dates: February 7-13 The Battle and the Address The Battle of Gettysburg lasted for three days: July 1, 2 and 3 of Gettysburg, Pa., was a small town, just over the Maryland border. More than 51,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, captured or missing in action. Over 165,000 soldiers took part in one of the largest battles ever fought in North America. The Battle of Gettysburg The Battle of Gettysburg marked one of the turning points of the Civil War. Lincoln was not pleased with how his generals were handling their troops. Gen. Robert E. Lee, who commanded the Southern troops, had hoped to win a battle in northern territory. Lee did not win. Gettysburg was a big military victory for the Union. At one point in this battle, the South lost as many as 5,000 men in one hour. Lee was forced to retreat back into Virginia. After more battles, loss of lives and damage to property, the war ended in April Soldiers National Cemetery The governor of Pennsylvania thought that the Union soldiers should be buried in proper graves. On Nov. 19, 1863, four months after the battle, Lincoln made his speech at the dedication of the cemetery. photo courtesy The National Park Service This picture shows the crowd gathered around Lincoln on the platform where he made his speech. Lincoln is circled. Experts say that the photo was taken at noon, some three hours before Lincoln made his speech. An artist s idea of Lincoln on the platform where he gave the Gettysburg Address. The address numbers The address was only 271 words, or 10 sentences long. It took about three minutes for Lincoln to deliver it. The audience was made up of 10,000 people. The speakers had no microphone. Most of the crowd stood. Lincoln was not the main speaker. He made his remarks after the famous politician Edward Everett spoke for two hours. Speeches that long were not unusual, but speeches as short as Lincoln s were. Edward Everett photo courtesy Pennsylvania Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission photo courtesy The Library of Congress Lincoln s speech Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate we can not consecrate we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. The Mini Page Staff Betty Debnam - Founding Editor and Editor at Large Lisa Tarry - Managing Editor Lucy Lien - Associate Editor Wendy Daley - Artist

5 Read all about Lincoln s Gettysburg Address in art courtesy Pennsylvania Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission Distributed by Universal Press Syndicate by Betty Debnam Appearing in your newspaper on. from The Mini Page 2009 Universal Press Syndicate (Note to Editor: Above is cameraready, one column-by-3 1 /2-inch ad promoting Issue 6.) release dates: February (09) Standards Spotlight: Lincoln s Great Speech Mini Page activities meet many state and national educational standards. Each week we identify standards that relate to The Mini Page s content and offer activities that will help your students reach them. This week s standards: Students understand people and events honored in commemorative holidays. (Social Studies: History) Students understand that history relates to events and people of other times and places by identifying examples of interesting Americans. (Social Studies: History) Activities: 1. Draw a memorial plaque for the soldiers who fought at Gettysburg. Cut out newspaper words that describe the soldiers and paste them on your plaque. Share your drawing with your family. 2. Use information from today s Mini Page to make a travel brochure for Gettysburg. Include information about important buildings, the battle and famous people. 3. Look in the newspaper for speeches made by our new president, Barack Obama. Select phrases you like and write them on a piece of paper. Explain why you think Obama made good language choices in his speeches. 4. Abraham Lincoln was a careful writer. Look up these words from the Gettysburg Address and discuss what they mean with a family member or friend: (a) civil war, (b) consecrate, and (c) in vain. Why did Lincoln mean when he said some soldiers gave the last full measure of devotion? Why do you think he used four score and seven instead of saying 87? 5. Use resource books and the Internet to learn more about your state s activities during the Civil War. Use these questions to guide your research: Which side did your state take during the Civil War? What did people in your state do to support the side they selected? What battles or military activities took place in your state or in neighboring states? How did your state change after the Civil War ended? (standards by Dr. Sherrye D. Garrett, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi) Supersport: Rajon Rondo Height: 6-1 Birthdate: Weight: 173 When playing on a team with Kevin Garnett, Paul Pierce and Ray Allen, a young 6-1 guard can wind up in the shadows. But Rajon Rondo, a third-year pro from the University of Kentucky, is spending more time in the spotlight these days. With confidence, aggression and skill, Rondo is rocking as a floor leader of the defending NBA champion Boston Celtics. Through early January he was averaging 10.9 points, 7.6 assists and 5 rebounds per night. Last season, Rondo was a solid contributor in the Celtics drive to the championship, averaging 10.6 points and 5.1 assists. After playing two seasons at Kentucky, Rondo was drafted in the first round by Phoenix, then traded to Boston. It was a good deal for the Celtics. Before taking the court, Rondo likes to eat a pre-game meal that includes grilled chicken. During down time, he lists shopping as a favorite activity. But what he d really like to get is another NBA title. If Rondo and his teammates can play like they did last season, there s a good chance that will happen. (Note to Editor: Above is the Standards for Issue 6.) (Note to Editor: Above is copy block for Page 3, Issue 6, to be used in place of ad if desired.)

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