Hierarchy Endorses Catholic Indian League

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1 VOL. XVIII, No.3 OTTAWA, CANADA FE 8 - S4 - R MOTHER MARGUeR IT E. AN GU Y S f MON TREA L P 0 MARC H :-r 9;"~""" Hierarchy Endorses Catholic Indian League HUNDREDS HAVE ALREADY JOINED PONTIFICAL HONOURS SUGGESTED On awa ec.cc) - T he President o f the Administ rative Boa rd of the Ca nad ian Catholic Conference of Bishops advised the Secretary of the Catholic Indian League that at a recent meeting of the Board the Hiera rchy strongly endorsed the Catholic Ind ian League of Ca nada. It also favoured the suggestio n o f outstanding Indians being among Ca tholics list('{1 for Pa pal ho nours from time to time. The League has been founded Bishop Coudert on June 27, 1954, at the issue of the National Pilgrimage of the Bishop Coudert, Vicar Apostolic Indians of Canada, in Cal)-de la of Whitehorse, in the Yukon Ter Madeleine. P.Q. Its Honorary P re- rilory, stated that he endorses the sident is His Exc. Bishop H. Rou- plan to foster the establishment t hier, O.M.I., Vicar Apostolic of of a League, and that he trusts Grouard, Alberta. that our bcst Catholic Indians in Among the Bishops who endorsed fully the plan made to foster all our missions will, with enthuthe establishment of the League siasm, join the League from the among the Catholic Indians of Ca- start. Eventually, when the League nada, we note Their Excellencies becomcs properly organized, he B' h J L Cd t OM I f hopes that every Catholic Indian IS ops.. ou er,... 0 worthy of the name, will join. His Em. CClrd. p, E. Leger, of Mont reol, (1. 1 ond Wh itehorse, V.T _. A. J ordan. O.MJ., MeG,,;gon, of Toronto, {r.l h Clve strongly endorsed of Prince Rupert, B.C., II. Belleau, :::-::-_'C_o_o_,. _o.,o~""t.r":'_3_. _'_0'_. CI_' --:-:c_clc,_o:,.:,~o_'_c~o:"_o~d~o~. -c O.M.I., of 1\1oosonee, Ontario. L...\(, Educ""'lon and Welfare Boosted Fort Smith, N.W.T. ~,'.If> bid' Ad" t t ' S,h,[f", O.M.I" 0'. BI, n, S,blon, P.Q., J. M. Troeelher, O.M.I., of ~,~ '" _,The Very Reverend Fa.thers F. \~c." ('<('- ' ~ Y n Ian minis ra Ion OGrady, O.M. L, 0 Fourmer, G~ ~' 'i ~ "... L, P. Piche, O.M.I., all Pro v incial!i- ~" a...~ I he Anntl al Report of the D epartment of Cltlzenshlp of t he Oblate Fathers, and rcpre:::> and nmn);ration fo r the fi scal year ended 2\ larch 3 1, 1954, published sentatives of the J esui! missions oc recently, indicates that the Education and Wellare programme for the _m C.au g.hnaw.a _ g ~ _, St. RegiS. and Fran- l ndia ns of Canada has been quite effective durin" the fiscal year under H~_ N~ " have pled ged,thei r support. review. To date, at least 15 centers have The Director of the Indian Af been heard from, namely: Village fairs Branch, Mr. H. M. J ones, ac Women Play Greal Pari Huron, Poi nte Blelle, Bets iamits, fi rms that: "Taking greater advantand Romai ne, in the P rovince of age of provisions of the Indian In Indian Councils Qubec, Ogoki, Ontario, God's Lake, Act, Canadian Indians conti nued Man., Dillon. Sask.. Hobbema, to show increasing interest in man Ottawa - r ndia n women lire Gurneyville, Assumption (Hay Ri- aging their own acrairs and in ver), Lac la Biche and J oussard, in Alberta, Fort Franklin in the promoting their own economy dur ing the fiscal year under review." N.W.T. and Northwest River, Nfd. According to the report this attitude was typified by t he work of elected councils, whose compet ent management of band funds was partially responsible for the growth of the Indian trust fund, and by band housing projects, with Indians providing practically all the labour. His h ~. A r~ h bi s hop M. Boudon, of St. Bonifoee, Member of t he C.C.C. Administrotio n BO Cllrd. Interest in formal education con tinued to increase, with a number of students at the Secondary school level or beyond. is also dou\)le that of two years ago. Economic Development During the fiscal year. 972 homes were built and 2,108 were repaired; on two reserves (Blood, Alberta and Cape Croker, Ontario), the bands operated hous ing projects at t heir own expense. Forty saw-mills operated by the Branch in areas where sawn t imber is not available, prov ided many opportunities for local labour. (ConI. on p Cllq... col. 1) tak ing: F:reater interests in the admin ist ration of their reserves: since an amendment to the Tnd ian Act allowed them 10 vote and to be elected as Chief or Councillors. Since then 70 of them arc now taking part in Council meetings. either as Chic( or Councillor. Three women have been elected Chief: they are Mrs. Jessie Lumm, Chief of the Hazelton Band, Babi ne Reserve, in B.C.: Mrs. Grace Vickers, Chief of the KitkaUa Band. Skeena Reserve, and Mrs. Elsie Knott, I\Iud Lake Reserve, in Ontario. Mrs. Lumm is 53 : she works in an Indian hospital. Mrs. Vickers is a wh ite woman who married an Indian; she is the Chief si nce 1952; and post mistress at Kitkalla since Mrs. Knott, 33, is superintendent of Schools in her district: she drives a bus daily for the school children; she is also director of the Girl Gu ides and Boy Scouts. Her husba nd is a member of the band council. His Em. Cord, C, E. t he Cotholic: IndiCln 1 L... Arc hbishop J. M. Lem;eux of Ot. t ClwO, Mem ber of the C.C.C. BO Clrd. His he. Bishop l ondon, Ont Cl rio, C.C.C. J ohn C. Cody, Clf President of the

2 - Page 2 THE INDIAN MISSIONARY RECORO Remembrance of the Indian Pilgrimage June 1954 News Briefs MARCH,1955 Eskimo Sisterhood in Alaska st. Mary's :Mission, Alaska. Across a vast wasteland and tundra, 160 Eskimo students attend St. Mary's Residential Mission School in Western Alaska. The Mission School was bcgun in 1949, under the supervision or the Jesuit Fathers; the Ursuline Nuns conduct the school. Last year a sisterhood for Eski mo girls, called the Oblates of Our Lady of the Snow, was found cd. Three noviccs have joined the Order recently: they are Sisters M. Bertha, M. Catherine and M. Cecilia Indians Now In Canada Canada's population of 15,400" 000 includes 151,942 Indians Cit izcnship Minister PickersgiU reo ports in a return tabled in the commons. The return, for R. Hardy Small (PC- Toronto Danforth), also said there are 2,223 Indians reserves in Canada. The Indian population in 1949 was 136,407 and in ,686. The Indian Affairs Branch carries out a survey evcry five years. NEW HOMES AT CRESTON Creston, B.C. _ The Indian reo servation has seen a complete new village constructed with moderniz ation in homes, living conditions and buildings. The area which will be seeded to lawn gives the appearance of a well planned com munity. The Rt. Honoroble L. S. Soint- Lou.ent, Prem rc. of Canada, greeted 200 Indian pilgrims from Weste.n Conodo, on their visit at the Porlioment in Ottowa; t he p. ime Minis ter is show n h e r~ greeting Cecilia Dick of W ill ia ms La ke India n Residential School, B.C. Indian Handicralt Still Flourishing WADENA.- That India n handicraft has not died through the years was proved by George Chap lin, Indian instructor on F ishing Lake Reserve, when he brought to the Wadena News Office a pair of gauntlet gloves made for him by a treaty Indian, Muriel Desjarlais. The gloves were made from home tanned leather, soft, smooth and Illiable. Each cull had an exquisite flower design in white, red and green beading. The gloves were a masterpiecc of intricate needlework. WE LFARE SERVI CES ACT Toronto, On1. - Among the legislation to be introduced in On tario, we note a new Act for entitled Indian Welfare Services Act, which will 'Provide that native Indian widows, living on or off the reserve will benefit, under the mothers' allowance Act. Spon sorin g the iegistl3tion is the Hon orable Will iam A. Goodfell ow, Mi ni ster of Public Wellare. TO AITEND NON INDI AN SCHOOL Southampton, Ont. - Four ad ditional classrooms are planned at the Southampton P ublic School to a(x!omodate 120 children of the nearby Saugeen Indian Reser ve. The capital cost of the exten sion will be borne by the Depart ment of Citizenship. / Victoria, B.C. - The Federal Government is being asked for an ann ua l grant of $8,000 which the B. C. Government says could result in a better livelihood for Northern Ind ians. The money would be used to pay the salary and expenses of a game management biologist for Northern B.C. TALK ON IROQUOIS "The Iroquois: their past and prescnt," was the talk presented to a French audience at the Na tional Museum in Ottawa. The speaker was Marcel Rioux, anthropologist at the museum. Mrs. Rioux gave a survey of the history of the tribe, from its "League or Nations" days to the present life on the reserves. A colored film was shown, de picting the life of the Iroquois living near BranHord. / TO BEAT DRUM FOR MOVIE Hobbema, Alberta - Jonas Ap plegarth who was handed an im portant role in Warner Brothers' production of Battle Cry last year, will be taken on a tour of major Western Canadian cities in March; this tour wil be in connection with the Canadian opening of the picture he made last year in Holly wood; the premiere was held in Vancouver, March 4. The tour will include Calgary, Edmonton, Regina and Winnipeg. SIOUX TRAINS TO BE NURSE Winnipeg, Feb. 21 _ Manitoba's first Sioux nurse ta-be started 2'h years of hard training today. Bel ty Bunn, 20, a Sioux from Birtle, Man., was "capped" during the week end to mark the end of her six month probationary period at the Winnipeg General hospital. She is training under the auspices of the department of Indian af fairs, and said she would like to work with Indians. Teaches Indians Native Cralls Rev. Father Cyr is an Oblate priest on the Labrador, who teaches the Indians Indian crafts. The Montagnais and Nascopie Indians have so far wandered from the way of their fo refathers that they have forgotten even such a simple thing - to an Indian - as FUR AUCTION HELPFUL making s nowshoes. Walpole Island, On1. _ At a Rev. Father Cyr is teaching recent fur auction held on the them the art again and the In Walpole Island Reservation, bid dians are now turning out highly di ng maintained a fail' price; the creditable snowshoes once more. Indians endorsed the new system, which puts ready cash into their High School Students hands in mid winter, when em " At Pincher Creek ployment slackens. Pi neher Creek, Alberta - Are Behind the sale is the co-operative move by the Federal and Agent at Brocket to provide high quest from the Peigan Indian Provincial authol'ities to better the school education for Indian stu lot of Canada's citizens. dents with -the non lndians at P in cher Creek, was granted by the local school board, provided that Federal Grant Asked van and school accommodation is available, and at a charge of $150 per pupil per yea r. OBSERVE LONCBOUSE RITES Feb. 3 was the last day of the SixNations Indians Longhouse reli gious Festival of Repentance. Formerly called the Feast of the Wh ite Dog, the festival is being held at three longhouses _ Upper Cayuga. Lower Cayuga, and Sene 0.. Pa rt or the recent observance at the Lower Cayuga longhouse was the feather dance. About 600 In dians among the 6,000 members of the reservation are followers of the Longhouse religion. INDIAN PUPILS OTTAWA - R. F. Davey, super intendent of education for the federal Indian auairs branch, reo ports that since 1945 school enrol ment of Indians has almost doubled, reaching about 32,000.

3 MARCH, 1955 CANADIAN HIERARCH Y (ConI, from paq8 1. eol. 2) Mehlbers at liobbehla The Lague was organized early this year on the reserves near Hobbema, Alberta, with a total membership of 114. On January 13, 30 members Crom the Samson Reserve joined, on January 20, 34 (rom the Louis BuIl Reserve a nd on January 27, 50 from the Ermineskin Reserve became members. It is expected that on the Montana and lpigeon Lake Reserves the League will be established shortly. The Ermineskin Council is form cd of: Cyprien Laroque, President, Ross Littlechild, Vice-President, and James Listener, Secretary Treasurer; the Samson Council has for President: Dan BuUalo, James Train is Vice President and Meyers Buffalo is Secretary Treasurer; in the Louis Bull Council, Dan Des champ is President, George Bull, Vice-President, a nd Percy White, Secretary-Treasure I'. Local Council at V ill age. llu r~n On January 5. a loca l Counci l was established at the Huron village, near Quebec, P.Q.; among those present were Chief Alphonse T. Picard, and Sub Chiefs, Gerard Gros Louis, Dame Edgar Gros Louis. and Mr. Roger Vincent; Miss Denise!Picard, Mrs. Theophile Gros Louis, Mrs. Arma nd and Alexandre Gros-Louis, and Mr. Raymond Vincent. The Rev. GCQrge S. Gagnon, is chaplain of the Lorette Huron Council. A Special Invitation The members of the Missionary Association of Mary Immaculate are invited hereby to join the League; already 60 members of the At.A.M. I.. from Dillon, Sask., are ready to become members of the Lcague. Twenty to twe nty five membel's are expected to join shortly at Ca lais (Sturgeon Lake) Alberta; at the Long Lake Reserve, Gu rneyville, Alberta, th League is now being organized; the League activities will begin shortly at the Sucker Cree Reserve, near Joussard, Alberta. Alms and purpose of the I"eague The Catholic Indian League is cssentially a Catholic action movement, in accordance with the directh'es and instructions given by the Bishops and Archbishops. It does not intend to take over from many already existi ng organization or Catholic associations such as the C.Y.O., Knights of Columbus, the Confraternity of Christian Doct rine, the Missionary Association of Mary Immaculate or others; for the already existing groups, the League is only solliciting thei r adherence and the registration of their members. The Nootka Ind ians of Vancouver island long ago built seaworthy canoes for fishing expedi tions far out to 5ea. TH E INDI AN MISS IONARY RECORD PUBLISHES CREE NEWSPAPER Lac La Biche, Alberta - Father R. Levert 0::\1.1., is the publisher of " Kitchitwa ) l ileh" (Sacred Heart Review) a monthly magazine I)ublished in Cree, and printed in syllabic characters. This paper has a circulation of 1250 and is supplemented by a yea rly calendar which has unique featur- ". Th e Calendar The Cree Indians have a special calendar of thei r own which carries a single stroke [or each day of the year. Sundays are indicated by an "X" and Holy Days are indicated by a Church-like symbol. A small dot on the days' strokes indicates a day of abstinence, while a cross on it denotes a fast day. The left side of the calendar ca rries the chu rch symbol for the month while the column to the right carries the Cree symbol for the month. The Cree Indians indenlify their nlonth of the year in relation to the habits of the g:f'lcse. ducks and deer and the coming of the snow. In the Cree language. January is "the long month" or l he month of the moon. February is the month of the Eagle, while Ma rch is the month of the Goose and April is the month of the Frog. May is ncsting time for the birds, June is their hatching ti me and July is the month when they woult. August is the month of the fl y ing birds as they start their trip to the south and September is the mating season for deer. October Is,the month of the ice, November is the month of the hoar frost while December is the month of the snow as trees are weighed down with snow. Just as a sales manager trace the travelling of his sales crew, or a general might 1)lace the pos ition of his troops. thl'! Cree Indians use a pi n with a small fl ag on it to mark each da). The fl ag is moved across the calendar each morning. Ohsweken Lea ders' Course Indians Crom 15 reservations in Ontario attended a five-day leadership course at Ohsweken beginning Fe. 28. The Six Nations Council authorized the course planners to hold the c\'enl in the di ning hall of the Ohswekcn fairgrounds. About 30 Indians attended the confe rence. designed to assist Indians in social work and other projccts on reservalions. A similar course, which met with considerable success, was held at North Bay last year. The course is being planned jointly by the community programs branch of the Ontario department of education and the social work division o( th~ Jndian affairs branch, The Indians look forward to getting a new calendar each year and their paper every month. Father Levert dreads the day when modern living will catch up with hii Indians and his press will roll for a fi nal issue. Father Levert is a native of Sudbury, Ontario; he was ordained in 1936 and has devoted his e ntire priestly life to the min istry among the Cree Indians of Alberta. He is now located at Lac La Biehc, Alberta, which used to be a central point fo r the Oblate missions in Western Canada. NATIVE MLA HELPS HIS PEOPLLE Va ncouver, B.C. _ Frank Calder, B.C. Member of the Legislative Assembly for the Atlin constiluency (2,000 voters ) is doing wond erful work on behalf of his people. He has spoken for them over the years since he was first elected and has helped bring their pl'ob Icms to the attention of his fc llow legisla tors and to the Canadian public. Mr. Calder is the only Canadian native elected to any Parliament, and he takes an active interest in every problem that has a bearing on the Indian people of B.C. Official Delegate Lebret, Sask. - OHicial delegate from the Saskatchewan Teachers College in Moose J aw to the annual Western Canada student teachers convention held in Vancouver from Feb. 21 to 24 was a lull blooded Indi:!n, Clive Linklater of Lebret. A fo rmer student or the St. Paul's Indian high school at Lebret, Mr. Linklater held the position of president of the student body and editor of the school paper for three years. He spent an additional year at the school as a cadet instructor before coming to Moose Jaw in He represented all six classes of the college at the Conference. Magazine Publishers " Fort Alexand er, Mon. l eft to right : Philippe Plomondon,.,..ith Pa ul Fantaine IGr. 101 and Chartes Iruye re (Gr. 9), Junior Seminarians, ore shawn h e t e pr;n1 in9 the school magajine " Ideol". Page 3 Claim Compensation Caughnawaga, P.Q. - The Chief of the Caughnawaga :\10- hawks, t o~ether with a del~ation of Councillors, visited Ottawa recently in order to press their claims for compensation due to them alone for territory which will be expropriated for the St. l ~awren c e seaway. A number of white squatters are living on land that bord~r.s their reservation and the munlcipaily of Cote Ste. Catherine on the South shore of the st. Lawrence River. It is claimed that,present residents on the disputed lan d do not have the title to the properties to establish legal ownership. Much concern is shown over Ole loss of the waterfront on the river; many depended on fishing for rood and the children have round their recreation on the river shores lor may generations. Apostle of the Sioux st. Francis, S.D. - On October 27, 1954, Father Eugene Buechel, S.J., missionary to the Sioux Indians in South Dakota, from 1907 to 1954, past away. He served the Sioux on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations. l'laving mastered the Teton dialect o( Ihe Sioux, he composed a Bible History in 1927, translated numerous prayers, hymns and in structions; in 1939 he published an excellent grammar of the Lakota. The Sioux affectionately called Father Buechel: "WambJec Sa pa", (Black Eagle ). R. I. P. Wife of Grey Owl Dies at Timagami TIMIGAMI Mrs. William Turner of Timigami died in Haileybury hospital Saturday. She was 67. A fu ll-blooded Ojibway, she was the Indian wife of Grey Owl, Archie Bela ney, Engl ish-born author who posed for years as an Indian and was the author of many best sellers. She is survived by her second husband and three children.

4 Page 4 THE INDIA N MISSIONARY RECORD Cross Lake Indian Residential School MARCH, 1955 TH' INDIAN MISSIONARY RECORD A NATIONAL PUBLICATION FOR THE INDI ANS OF CANADA f"olonded In 1938 Managing Editor: REV. G. LAV IOLETTTE, O.M. L Gene. ol Secreta.y, In dian and Eoldmo WeUare Cam",l.. lon. Unh e itv, OUa... a. P"bll. bed '-n Ume. a vear b y Tbe MI... lanary Oblat.. 01 Ma.v ImmacIOlale. Subscription : $ year P,inted by Le Droll. 0 Ila""a.,o,,,tho,;zed o econd cia mauer, Po.l OWce Deportment. Ottawa. Conada. EDUCATION AND WELFARE (Cont. from page 1. eol. 2) An increase of 30,000 acres of land under cultivalion in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, totalling 363,000 acres, produce(! more than 4,000,000 bushels of grain. Some $20,000 worth of handicrafts were produccd on thc Pierreville, Manitoulin Island, St. Regis and Lorctte reserves. Members of Homemakers' Clubs made close to 10,000 garments which were sold to the Department of National Health and Wel are. One hundred and twenty-six revolvi ng fu nd loans totalling $138, 414 were approved during the year. Sixty-nine grants for the re-establishment of Indian veterans totalling $141,254 were approved. Declining fur priccs, high commodity prices and low production affe cted adversely the economy of the Indians who subsist on fur rcsourccs. However, assistance given to I ndians was continued throughout Canadaj for instance, Indians trapping in the Saskatchewan river della shared, in the past year, $346,000 in the proceeds of the muskrat development projcct. Social Welfare One hundred and sixty-nine Indian Homemakers' Clubs continued their work in home improvement, sewing, and assista nce to less fortunate members of the Band. Club conventions were held throughout Canada. Social leader training courses wcre given in all P rovinces. These courses were successfully conducted. Owing to an increase in t he number of Indians qualifying for Old Age Assistance net expenditures for dircct relief showed a dccrcase as compared with the previous year. notwithstanding regional unemployment and the depressed (ur market. Family Allowances As of December 31, 1953, 19, 002 families received allowances for 32,031 children; 90% of the payments were made by cheque Lefl : Grades 7 and 8 : Sitting: Fr. Chamberland, O.M. I., Princ ipal wilh Sist er M. SI-Ann!!, Grode 8 leacher, a nd Fr. SI_Ongl!, O.M.1. Firs' tow : L. to R., Therese Colomb, Olga Ross a nd Chris' ino Watt; Bock row: L. to R., Andrew McKoy, Fred Sinclair a nd Jonah Budge. Righi: Grode 5 pupils : Front row: Sister M. St-Anne and Father Cha mberla nd, O.M.I.; Second row : L. to R., Bella Chubb, Eilo Ross, Martha Watt and Noella Muskego; Third raw: L. to R" Em ily Oi... on, h a Ross and Nora W a lk!!r; Bo ck row: L. to R., Jimmy Osbo rll'e, Boniface Mason, William Ross and Victor Robinson. (October and only 7% in provisions. Total family allowances paid during 1953, was $3,846,650. Four thousand Ihrce hund red and seventy three Indians in Canada, 70 years o( age and over received old age secur ity pension in Education 626 appoi ntments were made to the tcachi ng staff; teachers of Indian status numbered 52; one of these was a supervising principal of a group of schools for the staff of 26 teachers, all but one of whom were of Indian status. Motion picture projectors were in regular use in nearly al\ resi dential schools, while film-stri p projectors were provided for the Day Schools. A number of radios and phonographs were supplied to the schools. In addition to phys ical education and sports programmes, activities such as the Boys Scouts, Girls Guides, J unior Red Cross, Choirs, Cadct Cor ps, 4-H Clubs and other group of activities that afford training in leadership and stimulate intercst in social and econom ic organizations, werc encouraged in Indian schools. 29 hospital teachers were e m ployed by the Education Service; these teachcrs carricd out an educational programme for adult and children patients in 12 institutions. Secondary education was given to India n pupils in nearly 200 secondary schools for non Indian pupils, while at several Indian Residential schools, c1asswork in High School subjects was conducted. Counselling and monetary aid were available to every older boy or girl whose occupational interest and choice indicated the desir ability of a course of training at a photos, courtesy Cross Loke Schoo1l business college, vocational school, or technical institute. During , there were 3,381 Indian children attending non Tndi an schools; 11,090 were enrolled in Residential SSchools, while 13,- 703 attended Day schools. The overall percentage of attendance was 85%. 67 resident ial schools were in operation. 360 day schools, 22 seasonal schools and 12 hospital schools. Reserve Property Revenuc derived from land salcs was considerably higher than in previous years. Collections on land sale contracts totalled $380,747. Rentals collected under leases and permits totalled $908,428; 2,878 leases and permits were in force at the end of the fiscal year. Receipts from the disposal of petroleum and natural gas r ights totalled $946,426. Receipts from the disposal of timber were $ The Indian t rust fu nd (which is sharcd by 366 bands, tota ll ing nearly 110,000 Indians) now stands at over $23,000,000, a $500,000 increase over the preceding year; 71,463 Indians received treaty a n nuities, totalling $359,935. Personal savings showed a total credit of $756, Indians were enfr anchised during the year; in Yukon T. - 16: in the N.W.T. - 16; in B.C.. Il2; in Alberta - 96; in Saskatchewan _ 121; in Manitoba - 155; in Ontario - 233; in Quebec - 15; in New Brunswick - 13j in Nova Scolia 12. Engineering and Construction During the year under review emphasis was placed on the improvement of existing school plants and the designing and construc tlon of addi tional schools, on the planning fo r conslruction of othcr buildings to be used both by Indians and Branch officials, and on the extcnsion and improvement o [ installations for such services as sewage disposal, drainage, power and water supplies for Indian reserves. The total expenditure lor the Indian Branch for the fisca l year , was over $16,000,000; while $341,000 went for Branch Admi n istration, Indian Agencies received S2,535,ooo j the Rcserve and Trust Administration: $183,000; WeUare: $2,881,000; F ur conservation; $313, 000, and Education, close to $10, 000,000. Indian Princess (OUawa Journal) We stretch back into 1954 fo r a moment to announce our woman of the rear - Princess Wapiti. We select her because she kept her head while all the other pr inccsses were losing t heirs and moaning for Hollywood contracts. Miss Evelyn Eagle Speaker, a pretty Alberta gi rl, was named Princess Wa piti by a council of Indian bands when she was chosen Qucen o[ the Calgary Stampede. Sh had her moments of glory riding in the Stampede Parade and welcoming distinguished guests. But, we think, any princess could do that. Princess Wapiti is our princess beca use she worked l or her room and board while attending business school - and was a pr incess only during the vacation _ and graduated with honors. Shc completed the ycar with a general average of 90 percent, and won medals for typing proficiency and one o( the highest marks ever given by the school in shorthand. Now she is employed by a Calgary busi ness fi r m and proves every day t hat beauty and brains and Indian d ignity have restored the sheen to the title she was given.

5 MARCH, 1955 Qu' Appelle I.R.S. News Lebrcl, Sask. - T he February is$ue of the school magazine. T ee pee.tid im!:s. commemora tes the Golden J ub ilee of the province o f Saskatchewan in p ublish in,l! a short historical notice on the Qu'al>l)elle r ndian school. The school was founded in together with the former Indust rial school at Dunbow, near Cal gary. Alberta. and the Battleford Industrial school in Saskatchewan. In 1880, Bishops Grandin of Sas katchewan and Tache of St. Boni face. conceived a plan for Indian education by which Indian schools would be built and kept UP by the Government, under Church auspi "". In 1883, Parliament voted the necessary funds for the e rection of the schools. Although the late Governor Dewdney at first refused to begin the erection of the Qu'Appelle industrial school. Sir J ohn A. MacDonald, the Prime Mi nister of Canada, ordered t he Governor 10 build a school on land bought by Bishop Tache. T he main building of the school was erected the following year; in Octobe r 1884, six Grey nuns arrived from Montreal to ca re for and ed ucate the children. Father I-Iugonard. O.M.I., was appointed fi rst princi pal of the school in January The school opened with 22 boys in 1885; by 1893 the first build ing was trebled in capa city and could recei ve 225,pupils. The Qu'Appelle school was th en the most successful of its kind in Canada. Sister Marcoux, s.g.m., has bee n instrumental in doin g the reselrch work connected with the writing up the history of the school, at the request oc the Provincial De partment of Education. The ' school pupils will take an active share in the celebration of the Saska tchewan Provincial Jubi lee; a radio program will be broadcast from the school May 26. Student Counci l. The Grade pupils have elected a student council: the P re sident is Ernest Scott. Vice Presi dent is Lorraine Bellegarde, Sec retary, Gerald Starr. liockey The 1955 Hockey season wellt off to a fl ying start with th ree teams: J uniors, Midgets and Bantams. The Lebret team took top hon ors at the Hockey tournament held in Edenwold, J anuary 22. More victories were won at Fort Qu'Appelle, Sintaluta, Wolseley a nd South Qu'Appclle. In the fi rst S.A.H.A. play offs, the J uniors fin auy lost to WolseJey; the Bantams bowed to Moosomin and the Mid gets were defeated by Yorkton. Better luck next year! Street Lights at Nanaimo TH E INDIAN MISSIONARY RECORD N ANADJO - Xanll imo I nd ian Reserve N o.1 is to have a new street lighting system. A contract for t he operation of to 300 watt multiple street light ing fixtures has been signed by the B.C. Power Commission and federal authorities. The new street lights, to be in stalled shortly by the power com mission, wiu mark another ste p of progress by the local Indian band. The Nanaimo band is the amalgamation of fo ur tribes that joined many years ago under the name "Snenymous," which means "great and mighty people." The contract between the com mission and federal gover nment was negotiated originally by (orm er Chief Edison White. The pre sent chief is Thomas Seward. N.r.B. Charged With Discrimination Toronto. Feb T he Primate o f the Anglican Church in Ca nada has pro tested the National Film Board wh ich. he cla ims, S U ~,!Zest throuf!:h its film that the Ro ma n Catholic Church is the onl y one wo r k in~ among th e E skimo ~. although 82 ("1" of them are sa id to be bal)tized Anglica n!l. The protest called for withdrawal or mms under circulation; apparently one of t hese films arc 'Angotee'. which was filmed at Chesterfield Inlet, N.W.T., and at ~o nd Inlet, in Baffin Land. At Chesterfield Inlet, there is a Roma n Catholic 1o1isson wh ich is the focal point for 12 others in that genera area; it is a maher of simple mathematics since t he Catholic missions arc many times more numerous than those of the Church of England in the territories inhabited by the Eskimos. New Day Schools In Saskatchewan Ottawa - Tenders were invited fo r the construction of the fol lowing schools in Saska tchewan: 1. One classroom School on Pine Blu ff Reserve, Ca rlton Indian Agency; 2. On e d assroom School on Ministikwan Reserve. Meadow Lake Agency; 3. Two-classroom School on Cowessess Reserve, Crooked Lake Agency. I t is hoped that these schools will be erected early in the Spring so as to be ready fo r occ upancy in the Fall. I n Alberta A two classroom School is to be erected soon on the Driflpile Re serve. Lesser Slave Lake Agency in Alberta; a one classroom School will be built on the Boyer River Reserve Fort VermilJon Agency, Alberta. Meets City Council Duncan, B.C. - For the (irst time in the history of British Columbia, an Indian Council met reo cently with the city Council in order to d iscuss a purchase of 47 acres of India n r eserve land for the expansion of the city. The land wanted by the city is owned by Charlie Williams, a Cowichan Indian. It was explained to the city Council that before Williams cou ld sell he would have to have permission from the ba nd; total value of the land is appraised at $38,500. Five members of the Cowichan band Council wel'e present with Chief Stan Modeste. The box ing tcom of St. Po.. l's Inw dia n School at No rth Vonco... e., is t ra ined by Alex 51.oin and Bill Naha ncc, an Indian. The boys o.e : t op 10 bottom : SIc... Thomas 1112 HUMAN TOTEM POLE Page 5 Indian Brotherhood Meets in Winnipeg Winnipeg, Man. _ Fifty delegates from 20 reserves, incl uding 15 Chiefs and 20 Co uncillors from Manitoba attended the annual In di an Brotherhood Convention held in Winnipeg's Labour Temple. Among the topics discussed were: Pensions for elderly In d ians; payment of Provincial trap pers licenses; the purchase and consumption of liquor and the legality of the sale of Saint Peter's Reserve, North or Wi nnipeg. Chairman of the Convention was Chief Geo rge Barker, of Hollow Water Reserve. fbs l, Edgo. Newman 1106 lbl l, E.nie Campbell is5 Ibs ), Willard Lewis 1147 Ibsl, Andrew Gco.ga / 9 5 Ib, ), a nd W illie Nohonee 170 Ibs ). - ((curlesy Andrew Poul) In Unity There is Strength The re Clre morc than 78,000 Catholic Indions in Canada Join the Catholic Indian League of Canada! The growi ng interest among India ns in fo rmal ed ucation is in d icated by the number of students a ttending secondary schools, colle ges and special courses; they num bered 1,644 in the past fiscal year.

6 Page 6 THE INDIAN MISSIONARY RECORD MARS, 1955 Nos Saints Martyrs Canadic-ns (II) L'EGLISE ET LA MAISON DE L'IMMACULEE-CONCEPTION La formule dll voeu de 1635 comportail, pour les missionnaires, une seconde obl i~ al ion: dedier.i l ' r mmac ult~ e la premiere e~li s e q ui se consiruirait cn Huronic.i 1a suile du voeu. Ce fut l'e~1i s e d 'Ossossa nc. qu i Ie dit: "Nous avons donne a II y avait longtemps que, au bourg d'ossossane. sur les bards de I'actuelle baie de Nottawasaga, levait Ie bon grain parmi l'ivraie. De Saint -Joseph d' ihonatiria, les Peres s'y rendaient a tour de role clleill ir les epis murs. " Enfi n voici nos desirs accomplis," annonee Ie P. LeMercier au P. Lejeune, Ie 21 j ui n "J e ne donnerai plus dc simples csperanccs it Votre Reverence: on travail1e deja it dresser notre cabune a Ossossane. El nous atlendons des ouvriers pour y baur une chapelle e n l"honneur de la Conception de Notre Dame." Un an plus ta rd: " Nous sommes sur Ie poi nt de lever notre nou velie chapej!e: elle aura t renle pieds de longueur. seize de Jar geur et vingt quatre de hauteur. Si Dieu nous fait la grace de voi r eet ou\tage accompli. ce sera non pas un des plus grands mais un des plus jolis de la Nouvelle F rance." Or, a celte dale, les autres Peres en residence a Ossossane etaient suint J ean de Brcbeuf, sai nt Charles Garnier ct Ie Perc Paul Ragueneau. A ia fin d'aout, quand Ie P. Jerome Lalemanl, oncle du P. Gabri el, remplacera saint J ean de Brebeuf comme superieur de la mission, il y fera venir saint Antoine Daniel. Sa int Jean de Brcbeuf retournera a Ihonatiria, ou missionne sa int Isaac J ogues. I.e 8 decembre 1638, la nouvelle chapelle. bien {IUC inachevee, sert au ba pleme de seize personnes adultes, parmi IcsquelJes trois ou quatre chefs de families, avec fe mmes et enrants. "Nous avons bien raison de eroi re quc la Vierge immaculee a mis la main.it cel ouvrage", ccrit Ie nouveau superieur, "ca r ces baptcmcs ont He conferes Ie jour de J'I mmaculee Conccplion et dans J'cglise que nous sommes en train d 'elever en l'honneur de l'imma cuice, selon notre vo (!u." Des son entree en cha rge, Ie P. Lalemant, un organisateur de grande classe, avait pris Ie parti de construire dans un endroit propice,.it la lois accessible et retire, hors des vi llages, une residence ce ntrale unique, d 'oil les missionnaires rayonneraient dans les diverses chretienles. A qu i dedierat on ce poste important? 0 550Ssane s'appellc deja La Conception. Le nouvel H ablissemenl, par un habile compromis, s'a ppellera Sainte-IUarie. C'est Ie p, l"alemant ceue maison Ie nom de Sainte Marie ou Nolre Dame de oja Conception." Et il ajoule: " Les obli gations que nous avons a cehe,grande Princesse du ci el et de la lerre sont telles que nous souffrons de ne pouvoir lui en Himoigner assez de r eeonnassanee. A\l moins aurons-nous dorenavanl eehe consolation que ehaque fois qu'on parlera de la principale demeure de ceue mission. en 1a nommant Sainte Marie. ce seront autant d'hommages qui lu i seront rendus de notre conhance. de no Ire devotion et de nos actions de grace." CeUe residence, que Richelieu fit forti fier par la suite, - d'ou lu i vient son nom de "Fort Sa inte Marie", - ahrita, durant l'une ou i'autre de ses dix annees d exis tence, jusqu a soixante-qu in1.c F r an ~ ais (religieux, donnes, employes, soldats). Outre les depen dances indispensables (menuiser ic. forge, H able), elle s'accrllt d'une grande cglise (eonsaeree.it saint Joseph) et d'un hopital Sain te-marie des Hurons: saint Isaac Jogues en di rigea la construction, de 1639 a 1642: saint Charles Garnier y fit sa profession solennelle, en 1643; suint J ean de BrebeuC y vint rendre compte.it ses su perieurs des agisscments de Dieu en son arne, saint Noel Chabanel, a la Fete-Dieu de 1647, y prononta son voeu heroique de stabilite, saini Gabriel Lalemant, recente reerue, s'y pre para.it devenir Ie com pagnon du geant des missions huron nes, et tous deux, Ie 21 mars 1649, y furent tempo rairement inhumes. C'est Iii auss i, sous l'oeil de Marie, que Ie fervent neophyte Joseph Chiouaten houa ina ugu rera, par huit jours d'exercices spidtuels, les retraites fermees pour militants d'action catholique, Aujourd'hui, grace aux excavations effecluees par les urcheologues Kidd et J ury, Sa inte Marie des Hurons est devenue. par un secret dessein de la Providence, Ie grand centre historique et touristique de J'Ontario, la porle d'entree, pour lous. du sanetuaire national des Saints Martyrs Canad ie ns. L'espoir que les J esuites avaient mis dans!'invocation de Marie n'uboutit pas a la prosplirite rnateriehe. Obliges de suivre d ans l'ile Saint J oseph (aujourd'hui Chr istian Island) leurs ouailles lerrifiees et d'incendier eux memes leur residence, pour qu'eue ne servit pas de fortcresse aux Iroquois victorieux, enfin dccimes par la mort de cinq de leurs mehleurs apotres, les miss ionnaires, apres vingt ans et plus de penible lebeur, quitterent la Huronie avec les restes de la pauvre nation hur onne, reduite de vingt mille ii deux mille personnes.!\iais ils avaient obtenu des suc ees spirituels.it portee Cternelle: la vertu!leurissait ou avail pousse Ie vice; la veritable redemption triomphait de la superstition, des mi!\iers de vieillards, de femmes, d 'enfants et de guerriers Haient morts baptises, ceux qui avaient surveeu, guides par Ie saint Pere Chaumont, formaient, sur I'ile d 'Orieans, une chrctientc modele, assez fervente pour que put s'y fonder, durant l'hiver de , une Congregation de la Sainte-Vierge, la premiere en Amerique du Nord. La devotion a I'Immaculee avait porte ses fruits. des fruits de saintetc. ( il sui vre) Adrien POU LIOT, S.J. Acliviltls feminines Village-H uron, P.Q. - Le Comite Domestique, sous la presidence de :'>Tada me Arma nd Gra s Lo uis, a organise un comi te de couture t res acw. Tous les mereredis, une douzuine de dames et demoiselles de la Reserve se livrent a des travaux de couture. de lricolage et de tis sage. Ce Comite Domestique, fon de par MJle Berthe Fortin. tra vailleuse sociale, a aussi organise une ser ie de cours sur la couture. Mile Edith Dumont u remporte un beau sueees, dans un debat oratoire qui eut lieu a Lorettevil Ie; Mlle Dumont avait it de endre la femme d'autrefois en face des problemes de I'heure actuelle au point de vue de I'instruction et du travail feminin. El1e s'en cst tiree avec beaueoup de brio et d 'a propos. Tout Ie monde applaudit a une serie de cours de dessin et de peinture donnes Ie jeudi, au Cou vent dn Village-Huron. par 1\1. Jean Bastien, fils de M. Cyrille Baslien, du Village Huron. M. Bastien est professeur it I'Ecole des Beaunx-Arts, il Quebec, ct a parfait ses Ctudes sur l'art it Paris. (G.s.G. ) MANIWAKI La Chambre de Commerce de Maniwaki desire exprimer sa reo connaissanee au chef William Commando ainsi qu'.it toule la Ban de des Algonquins pour avoir acccder a leur demande de construite la nouvelle et magnifiquc piste " Bush Trail", d'environ 25 milles de longueur. il travers les plus beaux decors de la Reserve Indienne de Ma niwaki. Le chef indien fut present lors de Ia distribution des prix aux gagnants du "Dog Derby" Ie 6 fevrier. RADIO COLLEGE PARLE DES INDIENS :'>fontrral, P.Q, J acques Roussea u est Ie confer encier de Radio-College qui nous parle tous les vendredis soirs de 8 heures a 8.30 heures depuis Ie 14 janvier, sur " Ces gens qu'oll dit sauvage". La serie des 15 conferences se terminera Ie 22 avril. L'auditoire prend contact, pur ceue introduction a I'ethnologie canadienne. avec une population sympathique qui a joue un grand role dans l'histoire et qui fait partie integranle de la nation. I.e eonfereneier, dirccteur de I'lnsttut Botanique de Montreal, presente un tablea u tres in teres sant d e Ja prc histoire des Indiens du Canada. Hommage au docteur Rivard O ttawa - L 'Office Xational <l u Film vienl de preparer un film s(jnore sur Ie docteur Paul L eon R ivard. residen t de ClOVll, P.Q., charge de la sante pour les 2,500 I ndiens et des quelq ues trois mi! les bucherons de la re~ion d u Haut St-:'I la urice. Depuis vingt ans, Ie docteur Rivard prodigue ses soins aux bl anes et Indiens de son immense territoire, dans l'abitibi. Le film porte pour titre: " Medecin du Nord"; il cst d istribue aetuellement a travers Ie pays. Tous ses patients rendent temoi gnage a sa bonte et il son grand devouement. Le docteur Rivard a un poste de r adio emetleu r, (YE2 VW) Clova qui Ie relie sa ns delai il tous les coins dc son terriloire. I.e Grand Chef <les I>ra iries. Par P. E. Breton, O.lt1.l. Biograpltie du Pere l~acoulbe, O.M.l revit tme grande fiaure histortqlle qui ressort dans son activite sodale d'jllitiation it la C1i! ture de peuplades 710mades et it un regime de pail: entre tes trio bus de /'ouest canadien. ($2.00). S. E. Mg, Mou,ice Roy, A,c heviquo do Quebec,,ccommonde fo,tement I'etoblissement de to Lig ue des I'h di c n ~ Cll lh (lliq u c~ dll C(l n(ld(l,

7 MARCH, 1955, f , "'"; \ \ 2~~fe g'(j~! \ ' -.~ : Is it t rue t h a t Catholics con s ider a ll n on -Cat holic children illegitimate? No. It is Church law that t h e wedding ot a Catholic must be performed In the presence of a priest and two witnesses. In the case of noncatholics, the Church recognizes the sacredness a nd binding nature at all ceremon Ies which mark "the conhlgal union or mall and woman, contracted between two qualified persons, which obliges them to live together throughout life." Is a Cath olic perm itted to gel a d ivorce? The Church does not recognize any absolute divorce between a couple who are validly married, where one or the other would be free to marry again. F'or good reasons (Infidelity, cruelty), the ChUrch m ay approve separation from bed and board. In such cases, a catholic may be permitted to get a civil divorce In order to satisfy some legal requirement. He may not, however, r emarry during the litetime of the other party. In case where the Church has decreed nujllty- where, according to Church law, there was no marriage In the tirst place- a decree of annulment may sometimes be necessary. W ha t is t h e mean ing or t he Mass? The catholic Mass differs from a Protestant Communion service-not only In ceremony but In what each congregation believes is taking place. The Mass is the central act of worship In the CathoUc Church. It Is the true sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Christ, made present on the altar by the words of consecration (over the bread, "This is my body" ; over the wine, " This Is my blood... "). "In this divine sacrifice," the Council of Trent declared, "the same Christ is present... who offered H imself... on the altar of the cross only the manner of offering Is different." Mass must be celebrated by a priest or bishop, with whom the congregation joins In offering to God "a re-presentation and a renewal of the offering made on Calvary." Catholics believe that after the priest pronounces the THE INDIAN MISSIONARY RECORD Page 7 Garden Club At Long Plains PORTAGE, :'Ifan. - The Long Plains Indian Reserve in Southern :'Ilanitoba is really a community apart from others. It is a developing community and one that ultimately will be overcrowd ed and thus present new problems. The reserve is on good agricultural land and until recently was nearly all solid bush. Now a bulldozer and a big ractor plow arc bcing used to open lots fo r farm ing. The cost of breaking is charged to the rcscrve; the land is farmed by the owners, and the cost of breaking collectcd. Mr. and Mrs. Fricsen, teachers at thc Day School, have orga nized the only Indian Garden Club in the province of Manitoba. Ten of the pupils have plots in the garden and club contests arc quite a cha llenge. The new Day School grounds are very attractive with its flower beds and beautiful lawn. School Kiddies Don't Know 'Car' PR I ~CE ALBERT, Sask. - T eaching Indian children in the northern wilds is much the same as teaching anywh ere- else - but there are some differences. John Goertzen, a teacher in northern Saskatchewan for the past 16 years, explained on a visit here that words like "car" and "train" aren't used in teaching primary pupils. "A story about a trai n or an automobile doesn't mean much to a Metis child who has seen neither," John explained. " I just substitute 'plane' and 'canoe' and the children can gain more from the story since they are Iamiliar with those modes of travel." John would like to see a text book written specially for north ern schoolchildren. He has suggested a group of northern tea chers each write a story to be included in such a book. Ra re Art Collection May Return to Ca nada VICTORIA, B.C. _ A rare collection of B.C. Coast Indian totems, canoes, cooking utensils, ceremonial masks, and other handiwork, stored in London vaults for 25 years, may be returned to this province. This collection has been recently show n at the South Kensington Imperial Institute; Mr. Gunderson, B.C.'s trade commissionner, is taking initial step toward having it brought back to B.C. words of consecration the whole substance of the bread becomes the Body of Christ, the whole substance of the wine becomes the Blood of Christ. T hey believe that Christ is truly and substantially present in the Euchar Ist, body and soul, humanlt.y and divinity. BISHOP-ELECT OF KEEWATIN Ottawa, :\Jarch 11 - The appointment of Rev. Fr. Paul Dumouchel, 0.:'11.1., as Bishop-elect of the K eewa t1 n::;~~~~'~i!'~n~;l:o:ba, has been announced today by His Exc. the The Bishop-elect, was born in 5 1. Boniface, Man., in In he joined the Oblate Fathers and was ordained priest in He devoted all his missionary!i(e to the Saulteaux Indians of Southern Manitoba. He acquired a great fluency in the language and wrote an excellent grammar in that dialect He took an active part in several missionary congresses; at one time, he was a lecturer at the Ottawa University's Institutc of Missiology. At the time of his appointment, Bishop Dumouchel was Principal of the Pine-Creek Indian Residential School. Camperville, Manitoba; he was also a member of the Obla te Fathers' Provincial Council at St. Boniface. The new Vicar Apostolic succeeds His Exc. Bishop M. Lajeunesse. O.M.1. The majority of the population is of India n origin; it numbers 7,950; the non-indian Catholic population of the Vicariate is over 5,000. Fifty missionary priests, 31 lay Brothers, and a number of Sisters. belonging to 7 religious congregations. make up the personnel of the Vicariate of We heard that some of the oldsters at Caughnawaga are com plaining about the Irocluois school pupils not learning their native language, t/lell are asking to get their school curriculum,.evised so as to include all hour's instruction daily. with perhaps a reward to the pupil showing most progress. This is not such a bad idea after all; there is 110 reason why hldians should loose the precious heritage of their mother tongue. Too mallll Indians have been "1.'. miss, perhaps unconsmollsly, in this matter. Where the Indian language is spoken in the home, it would be desirable that the primal'll grades should be taught in Ihe 1Iative tongue so as to introduce more rapidlll the official languages of tile countrv to the natives. Indians are generally known to have a great facilitll ill learning languages: there ate some of them in the Northwest Territories who speak foilt languages fluently: Cree, ChipeWII(lIl, English mid Funcil. As they wai ted outside a theatre (or the second showi ng of a Western featuring Indian fig hting. the cl'owd from the first show came out A small boy and his father, defi nitely of Indian extraction, were among the first to pass. As they drew within earshot I overheard the liltle boy say, in all seriousness: "That was a swell movie. Daddy, but don't we ever win '? " Bishop Ad Mullos et Faustissimos Annos! P. Dumouchel, O.M.1. Kewatin. The Keewatin Vicariate has its headquarters at The Pas, Manitoba; it covers most of Northern Manitoba, with sections of Northern Saskatchewan and Northwestern Ontario. It is expected that Bishop Dumouchel will be consecrated at The Pas. early this Spring. $3 15,000 OFFERED NORTII VANCOUVER, B.C. A land deal involving property owned by the Squamish Ind ian band in West Vancouver' is likc ly to be decided very soon when band members will consider an offer to pu rchase 63 acres of foreshore land for $5,000 an acre. The site is wanted for apartment buildings. The Indian Affairs Branch is taking a neutral attitude in th is question; approval of the sa le would mean cash distribution of 50% of the $315,000 to about 600 members of the Squamish ba nd; the remaining half would be placed in the band's own fund. "EXAGGERATED" STORY Cardston, Alta. - "Time Magazine", in a recent story, featured a report on lively illegal liquor traffie by members of the Blood Indian band of Cardston. with the nearby liquor stores and taverns across the United States border. The story has been greatly exaggerated, according to Ralph Ragan, Indian Agency su I>erin tendcnt at Cardston; he stated that the re might be isolated cases of Canad ian India ns getting liquor on the American side, but not on the sca le representcd in the Time report. He said that t he "situa tion is not alarm in!:"; he noted that the liquor slore in Babb, Montana, was closed and few, il any, Canadian Indians were going as far as Browning. Eskimos belong to the Mongoloid race. Although their language is un rel ated to any other Indian tongue, the Eskimos 3re people who came from Asia as the Indians did.

8 Page 8 T HE INDIAN MISSIONARY RECORD MARCH, 1955 Artist', drawing af tlr", new l OO _pupil E.m ineskin Ru identia l schaol naw T hi, building, eplaces the fa.me. E.m ineskin school fo", nded in 189 5; being e' ect"d n"... H.. bbem.., Albert... II.. t e,.. n 8 ci...,... m b",ild ing will compld e the ;n, tit"'ti.. n. 'Io,y nd,... AH,,;~ Br"",h THE CATHOLIC INDIAN LEAGUE OF CANADA CONSTITUTION T IllS League ca ll be organized Sllccessfully only ij Catholic IIIl/iulls co-o perate with the Missionaries. The activities of the League will bc directly in aerordonce with thc Catholic Actioll program_ of Ihe Diocese or Vicariate Apostolic, League ml'mbers arc in"ited to solicit cffecti-.,l' help from neighbauri"g Catholi,.I(1 ioll groups HlC" as.- The Catholic Womel/'s ""agile, the Knights of Columbus, tjf(' C.Y.O., the e.c.d. Three stages are foreseell ill the organizatioll of the Leagllc,- I. local Councils will first be establish, making use oj already exi!.ting local Catholic organizations; 2. after a sufficient IIlIlIIber of local COIIIIcils are organized, regional or provincial sections will be established; J. a Nat ional Federation will bc established later and a formal constitlltion will be adopted then. Tlte official publicatioll 0/ Ih c Leaguc will be 'he "l l/diwl Missionary Record". SPecial bllllef;'ls will be published frolll lime to lilli e, and mailed dirrclly to lite local Coullcils. The aeting secretary of the J.. eague is the secretary of the Indian and Eskimo We) fare Commission, 1 Stewart StreH, Ottawa (2), Onl. I. A IMS AND OBJ ECTIVES 1. To co-ordinate the work of the local Catholic Action organi7.ations, (but without destroyill,!!; their identity ), in order to give th em a wider scope of action, and to foster Ihe creation of a po werful orga nism for the promolion of reli,!!;ious, educational and social welfare; Z. To foster the creation of local Catholic Aclion p:roups where, at presenl. there is no such group ; J. To insure that all Indian children of school age receive a Ca tholic education ; 4. To promote Christian leadership especial. ly 1I1ll0ng young poople, and to develop con ciousness of social reslxmsihilities towards the Church and the Stat e. II. MEt\'I8ERSHlI) Every practising Roman Ca tholic Ind ian in Ca nada m.. y be a member of th e League. Rf'Ristralion is to be made with the local :\ Iissionaries. who will forward the na mes to the Secretary of the Oblate Commission. in Ottawa. ).Jembership cards will be ~e nt to all bona ft de members, who will then be invited to make a contribution, the amount of which shall be determined by the Counci l offtcers. These contributions shall be for warded to the Secretariate to provide funds for publis.hing the information bulletin and to help establish a fund wh ich will be available for the SUllport of the regional meetings.. III. CO UNCILS It is recommended that, wherever there are at leas t JO members, local Councils should be established. Each Council shall elect the following offtcers: a) a President, b ) a Yice- President, c) a Secretary-T reasurer. The President of the Council shall be the chairman of the meeting. He will direct the discussion of Ihe topics on the 3f!:enda. He will act under the gu idance o f the :\ 1 issionary. T he Vice-President will take over thc duties of the President when the la tler is absent. T he Secretary-Treasurer will keep the membersh ip reg ister up to date. H e will receh e and record the contributions of Ihe members, l ie will also record th e minut{'s of each mccti ng. IV, ELECflON OF OFFICERS Offtcetii will be elecled e\'ery two years. The Secretary of the Lea2;ue, in Ottawa. should be advised of an\-' election and of its resulls.. The l\ l issionary shall be ex-offtcio chaplai n of the Cou ncil. He shal1 be its /( uide and '1(IvL<;or. H e shal1 attend Council meetings. lead it in prayer at the opening and at the close of the meeting. ( If unable to these responsibi li a ttend he ma y d l'le~ate ties). V. MEET INGS Under the pa troooge of Our Lody of the Rosary 1. :\Ieetin\{s should be held at least monthly if possible. z. T he President shall be the chairma n of the m eeti n.~ or. if he is away, Ihe Vice President will assume this duty. 3. Suggested order of the lti ec fin ~s : a) cedin~ mecting b) Call to order c) Prayer :mel hym n d ) Roll call of offt cers R ead i n ~ of minutes of the prec) Readin,!!; of correspondence from the Gener.. l Secretarv f) Secretary.T reasurer s report J!:) President's report on the activities of the Council h) Admission of new members i) Discussion of a topic selected by the President of the Cou ncil j) Clo' ing pmy" " nd hymn. VI. SPEC IAL COMMIlTEES When the membership of a Counci l is more than 10, special committees may be established accord in \{ to the needs of the local organizations. VII. DlSTRtCf COUNCILS I. After 5 or more local councils are e~t a bli sh ed, a District Council shall be set up. T his district Counci l should meet at least once a year. 2. District Council offt cers shall be: President. Vice- Presiden t. Liaison Offtcer. The main d ut y of the Liaison Officer will be to visit each local Council in his dislricl. at If'ast once a year. lie will act as D istrict Council secretary. For fu rther information concerning the Lea gue, please write to the acting secretary. Rev. G. Lav iolette, 0.~1.l.. Secretary, Indian and Eskimo Welfare Commission, Un iversity of Ottawa. Ottawa (2). Ont,

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