1 ANIMALS IN ART PREHISTORIC ART TO CONTEMPORARY ART
2 PREHISTORIC ARTISTS During the last Ice Age, prehistoric artists painted animals inside of caves. They are primarily herd animals they hunted for survival. They are depicted from the side. These are hunters and deer from Lascaux cave in Southern France.
3 Many of the animals are shaded to look rounded. They also are painted with realistic earth colors. In most cases proportions are correct. They are pretty amazing considering they are painted high on walls and on ceilings. REALISM
4 AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINES The native peoples of Australia painted animals with their interiors showing. They considered these interiors structures part of a greater life force, which they called the Dreaming. They painted on rock, skin and bark cloth.
5 The early Egyptians revered certain animals. They depicted them somewhat symbolically. Their forms are depicted according to traditional guidelines. This is a hunting dog. It is carved from Ebony wood and painted with gold. ANCIENT EGYPT
6 EGYPTIAN PAINTING Egyptian artists depicted animals from the side in their paintings, just like the prehistoric artists did. They are also shaded to look rounded and in mostly correct proportions.
7 GREEK SCULPTURE Early Greek artists simplified forms so that they appear to be abstract. This bronze horse dates to before 300 BC. Notice that certain parts of the animal are exaggerated, such as the nose, ears, and tail. The rest of the form is reduced to basic shapes.
8 OTHER PRIMITIVE CULTURES Other primitive cultures such as Native Americans, Central American Natives, African, and others also simplified forms. Notice the red bear. His form is almost oblong, with just a few features carved out.
9 NORTHWEST INDIAN MASK Just as in the bear sculpture, certain aspects of this bird face have been exaggerated. The eyes are larger than a real bird s eyes. The beak is very long and pointed. Paint and rafia for feathers have been added for extra effect.
10 NORTHWEST TOTEMS Similar to the Northwest Indian mask, the totems of that region also exhibit simplification. Certain features are also exaggerated. Sometimes, it is difficult to determine exactly which animal is represented.
11 CENTRAL AMERICAN NATIVE ART In what is now Mexico, native American peoples made simplified animal sculptures. These are also simplified. This one represents a monkey.
12 OAXACAN These Oaxacan sculptures are called alebrijes. Sometimes they are brightly colored like this one. This one is a modern version made of thin tin.
13 MAYAN COMPOSITE CREATURES The Mayans invented strange creatures with features from different animals. These are called composite creatures. This one has a snake emerging from a mixture of wild cat and lizard head.
14 African art is usually 3-D. It is usually either functional, such as this table, or related to religious rites. Much of African art is carved from wood or ivory. Some is made of cast metals. AFRICAN ART
15 HEADDRESS This antelope headdress would have been worn as part of a religious ritual dance. Notice the abstracted form of the figure. It is difficult to identify the original animal. The horns are the most naturalistic. Obviously realism was not important to the artist.
16 IMAGINATIVE ERRORS Some distortions are due to lack of knowledge of how creatures look. During the Middle Ages artists depicted elephants with many errors. Artists were drawing images based upon written descriptions.
17 DIFFERENCE IN FOCUS Some proportional errors of the Middle Ages were due to a difference in focus. Medieval artists were not interested in realism, only in symbolism.
18 DIFFERENT CULTURES DEPICT ANIMALS DIFFERENTLY As realistic as this Indian elephant looks, it is still stylized. The head is too large proportionally to the body. The skin is is also smooth, whereas elephants skins are wrinkly.
19 ARABIAN ANIMALS Here are both realistic and imaginary animals. Here the heads of some of the creatures, such as the horses, are too small. Also, they are in an unrealistic landscape.
20 This horse is typical of Chinese horse designs. The neck is very thick and the body fat. The horse is composed of fat rounded curves. Think about the horses in the movie, Mulan. CHINESE DESIGN
21 CHINESE PAINTING Chinese painting styles are traditional. Artists have followed the same formulae for depicting creatures and landscapes for centuries. Notice the horse in the painting is also fat and rounded.
22 WESTERN RENAISSANCE As this horse sculpture by Leonardo da Vinci illustrates, a push for realism developed in the West during the 1400 s, the Renaissance. Notice that all of the muscles and tendons are visible on the surface of the horse s skin, just as in real life.
23 ATTENTION TO DETAIL In Northern Europe during the Renaissance a careful attention to detail evolved. Notice the very realistic fur of this hare in this watercolor by Albrecht Durer, a German artist. The form and proportions of the hare are very accurate. This was due to drawing from life.
24 REALISM WITH ATTITUDE During the 1600 s, in Europe, Baroque artists made images of animals that were both very realistic as well as very expressive. This lion by Pieter Paul Rubens is realistic, but also very menacing. Rubens careful use of line and value create this mood.
25 AMERICAN FOLK ART While academic training to learn to depict people, landscapes and animals realistically and accurately was the norm in Europe, American artists did not share that luxury. American art, especially of the Colonial Period, was full of inaccuracies. Artwork by untrained artists is called Folk Art. The Peaceable Kingdom, Edward Hicks, c. 1834
26 THE LOVE OF HORSE Europeans loved their horses. They loved their spirit and physical beauty. They were a symbol of tamed nature during the Romantic period of the 1800 s.
27 THE BEGINNING OF THE MODERN AGE Modern art actually began to peak through the traditional styles in the late 1800 s. This folk-like image by Henri Rousseau, Surprise!, of 1891, shows the expressive use of color and line which point beyond realism. Notice the tiger hiding in the grass.
28 EXPRESSION TAKES HOLD Early in the 20 th century, abstraction began to evolve. Abstraction is art in which the subjects, such as the cat, are simplified to basic colors, lines and shapes and not depicted realistically. Sometimes the subjects are almost indistinguishable. Tiger, Franz Marc, 1912
29 Picasso s abstraction of the bull and horse in this painting help to make it even more grotesquely expressive of horror. He did not want realism. A realistic image would not be as disturbing. Guernica, Pablo Picasso, c
30 CONTEMPORARY ARTISTS Native American artist, Jaune Quick-to-See-Smith, uses animals in her paintings which were important to American Indian life. Her figures are symbolic, not realistic. Her profiles of animals are similar to the Prehistoric and Egyptian artworks.
31 ANIMATION Animators, like Disney studios, simplify figures to make them easier to read. This is common in advertising also.
32 Deborah Butterfield, and other artists, stretch the viewers acceptances by suggesting objects made from very unusual materials. This Large Horse appears to be made of sticks and earth, but is really cast bronze. She asks the viewer to answer many different questions about what constitutes art. PUSHING THE ENVELOPE
33 SUMMARY Artists have depicted animals in artworks from the very earliest times, beginning around 35,000 BCE. The depiction of animals in art is a universal theme, occurring in all times, places, and cultures. Animal depictions have often been related to religious rites, as well as the study of nature. At different periods of art, animals have been depicted either realistically or symbolically, based upon the artists purposes and philosophies of the time. Abstraction of animal forms is common in nonwestern artworks. It dates from ancient periods of time. Some modern artists involve the viewer in thinking about not only what is represented, but also how and what an object is represented with. Contemporary artworks require viewers to be active, not passive, participants in the art viewing experience.
34 TO PONDER: Animals are present in many cartoons. -Why do you think many characters are animals? Composite creatures have been depicted throughout history: centaurs, dragons, hippogriffs, cat-dog, etc. -What purpose do you think these imaginary combine creatures serve? Advertisers incorporate animals into logos and on products frequently. Think of all of the fantasy animals on cereal boxes; the Ford Mustang; the Gecko.. -Why do you think the use of animals helps to sell products? Most students preferred to make an animal puppet, instead of a human one, even though they did have the option! -Why do you think they chose to represent an animal?
Summit Public Schools Summit, New Jersey Grade Level 4: Content Area: Visual Arts Curriculum Course Description: The fourth grade visual art curriculum provides experiences for students to explore their
Course Information: HCS Curriculum: Arts, Visual 6 - Hoover City Schools Secondary Curriculum Arts, 007-08 Course Title: Creative Crafts Grade Level: 9 Course Description: This class is designed to expose
Master of Arts and Master of Fine Arts Art: M.A., M.F.A. Program Description The Division of Fine and Performing Arts offers the Master of Arts and Master of Fine Arts degrees in Studio Art. The Master
California State University, Northridge Art Department The Department of Art offers a curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Arts degree. This curriculum is designed for students who wish: (818) 677-2242
HUNTER COLLEGE WRITING CENTER WRITING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM Writing about Art Art is a provocative medium, and your challenge in writing about art may often be to define and evaluate the artist s choices
Spring 2009 Falmouth Public Schools School: FALMOUTH HIGH SCHOOL Content Area: Visual Art Grade Level: 3-4 WHAT IS IT WE WANT ALL STUDENTS TO KNOW OR BE ABLE TO DO? Description of course The Art Program
A SHORT HISTORY OF CHURCH BUILDING From its beginning, a critical part of Christianity has been the gathering of people worshipping together. By virtue of this activity, the place where they worship has
TEXT STUDY Boy, Were We Wrong about Dinosaurs! BY KATHLEEN V. KUDLINSKI MAP Grade 3 Unit 6 UNIT Fantastic Adventures with Dragons, Gods, and Giants TYPE Informational Text (Lexile 900L) OVERVIEW RATIONALE
Norman Public Schools VISUAL ART ASSESSMENT GUIDE FOR GRADE 7 2013-2014 VISUAL ART NPS ARTS ASSESSMENT GUIDE Grade 7 This guide is to help teachers incorporate the Arts into their core curriculum. Students
Name: Date: Native People in Early Virginia When the Jamestown settlers arrived in Virginia in 1607, there were already thousands of Native Americans, or First Americans, living on the land they called
Associate of Arts Degree in Art - 60 Credit Hours Department Chair: Carter Scaggs SCC-A249 972.881.5867 Academic Advisors: John Ciccia SCC-G148 972.881.5563 Torrey West PRC-F132 972.377.1513 The Visual
Program of Study Level 1 (390 hrs) ANI1513 Life Drawing for Animation I (60 hrs) Life drawing is a fundamental skill for creating believability in our animated drawings of motion. Through the use of casts
Schools Online Project In association with the Cornwall Museums Group and Cornwall Council Background to the collection Learning resources and content for the Cornwall Council Schools Art Collection Online
OFFICE OF CURRICULUM, INSTRUCTION AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT HIGH SCHOOL COURSE OUTLINE Department Visual/Performing Arts Course Title Digital Art & Imaging Course Code 1046 Grade Level 9-12 Course Length
Design Elements & Principles I. Introduction Certain web sites seize users sights more easily, while others don t. Why? Sometimes we have to remark our opinion about likes or dislikes of web sites, and
Everyone knows that elephants have trunks. But did you know there is a kind of seal that also has a trunk? This is the elephant seal, which gets its name from the extra large proboscis, or nose, on the
This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Essential Standards (Standard Course of Study). NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers.
1 Open Knowledge Foundation Network, India : Open Education Project Help spreading the light of education. Use and share our books. It is FREE. Educate a child. Educate the economically challenged. Share
DESCRIPTION OF THE PROGRAM FOR THE MASTER OF FINE ARTS DEGREE The MFA program in studio art is designed to promote artistic achievement, creative research, and professional practices. The program s required
Fundamentals of Computer Animation Principles of Traditional Animation How to create maximum impact page 1 How to create maximum impact Early animators worked from scratch to analyze and improve upon silence
MALCHIODI, Cathy, (1998) The art therapy sourcebook, Los Angeles, Lowell House. pp. 1-6. What Is Art Therapy? Art can be said to be and can be used as the externalized map of our interior self. Peter London,
Computer science Case study: CGI For use in May 2016 and November 2016 Instructions to candidates ycase study booklet required for higher level paper 3. 6 pages International Baccalaureate Organization
Art Foundation at Kings Oxford www.kingscolleges.com The fastest route to a creative degree Any student wanting to study an Art and Design-related degree course at a UK university, including British nationals,
Department of Art Art Brigham Young University Idaho 2012-201 7. Students studying Art History are required to take a foreign language cluster. Student may choose any of the clusters offered through the
UNIVERSITY OF PUNE Certificate Courses in Animation 1) Certificate Course in Animation using Flash 2) Certificate Course in Animation Using Photoshop 3) Certificate Course of Animation using Maya (To be
Fringe Schools Poster Competition Lesson Plan Stage 3, age 11-13 The search for the official poster for the 2015 Edinburgh Festival Fringe has begun! Each year we ask schoolchildren from across Scotland
WHERE THE WILD THINGS ARE MAURICE SENDAK TEACHING SUPPORT KIT by Suzanne Oakley WHERE THE WILD THINGS ARE Teaching Support Kit CONTENTS 1. Introduction 3 2. Notes on structure 3 3. Themes 3 4. Activities
Hispanic Heritage Exhibition The District is proud to host this year s Hispanic Heritage Month Exhibition. Over Fifty 2-D and low-relief artworks celebrating Hispanic culture and tradition are selected
ARE WE THERE YET? By Alison Lester Teachers Notes written by Linnet Hunter and Tami-Jo Richter. All activities are devised for levels 3-6 (Mid to upper primary) and are arranged in order of difficulty.
NSW INSTITUTE OF TEACHERS SUBJECT CONTENT REQUIREMENTS FOR TEACHING IN A NSW PRIMARY OR SECONDARY SCHOOL (ABRIDGED) October 2011 Eligibility for Accreditation to Teach You are eligible for accreditation
7 WHERE AND WHY DID THE FIRST CITIES APPEAR? In this three-part video David Christian explains how the rise of agriculture led to the formation of the world s first large-scale civilizations. Fueled by
The Sacred Letters of Tibet TIBET IS another arena of confluence of two ancient cultures. Tibet adopted government organization and social standards from China. But its spiritual guidance came from Buddhism.
MONROE TOWNSHIP PUBLIC SCHOOLS WILLIAMSTOWN, NEW JERSEY Williamstown Middle School Digital Media and Technology Grade 8 September 2010 Written by: Michael Spano Supervisor of Curriculum and Instruction
Visual Arts Madison Public Schools Madison, Connecticut Dear Interested Reader: The following document is the Madison Public Schools Visual Arts Curriculum Guide If you plan to use the whole or any parts
Undergraduate Majors, Minors, Concentrations, and Degrees The University of Tennessee, Knoxville 2006-2007 Academic Year/Listed by College and Department DEPARTMENT (UNIT) MAJOR MINOR MINOR ONLY DEGREE
Course Descriptions A&S Arts and Sciences A&S 100 SPECIAL INTRODUCTORY COURSE: TITLE TO BE ASSIGNED. (1-6) This course permits the offering at the introductory level of special courses of an interdisciplinary,
ANTH 310 Human Origins LABORATORY #5 EARLY AND LATE ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS AND ANATOMICALLY MODERN HOMO SAPIENS Traditionally, the hominins after the middle Pleistocene (middle Homo) belong to Homo sapiens.
Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) Degree Completion Program Note that the intended audience for the BBA degree completion program is the graduate of an AA or AS with a liberal arts and/or science
Reserve Bank of Australia Bulletin October 22 Developments in the Trade-Weighted Index 1 Introduction This article provides some background on the history and methodology of the trade-weighted index (TWI)
Learning expeditions Same and different Where do I fit in? Introduction: On this Expedition, your students will explore the question, Where do I fit in? by learning how to compare identifying characteristics
Chapter 4: The Concept of Area Defining Area The area of a shape or object can be defined in everyday words as the amount of stuff needed to cover the shape. Common uses of the concept of area are finding
DISCIPLINE: ATHLETIC TRAINING DISCIPLINES LIST DIVISION 5 MASTER S DEGREE NOT GENERALLY EXPECTED OR AVAILABLE The minimum qualifications for disciplines on this list are any bachelor s degree and two years
Architecture ARCHI Tish Young, Dean Physical Sciences and Engineering Division Physical Sciences Building, Room 263 Possible career opportunities Students are provided with a strong background in spatial
CENG 732 Computer Animation Spring 2006-2007 Week 8 Modeling and Animating Articulated Figures: Modeling the Arm, Walking, Facial Animation This week Modeling the arm Different joint structures Walking
Cañada College College of San Mateo Skyline College Art/Design Degrees Art AA, AA-T from All Three Colleges Art History The Art Major with an Emphasis in Art History is designed for students who wish to
General College Requirements Bachelor of Science Degree Requirements for Students Fulfilling the REVISED General Education Curriculum Note: see the Middle Childhood Education (MCE) curriculum sheet for
Atlanta Public Schools Fine Arts Pathways Music Dance Theatre Visual Art The GA Department of Education has approved a series of Pathways for the College and Career Readiness Indicator. This packet includes
MIDDLE SCHOOL ART EDUCATION PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The art education experiences available to the middle school student are as unique and diverse as the students themselves. Middle school is a period of exploration
CONSUMERS' ACTIVITIES WITH MOBILE PHONES IN STORES Global GfK survey February 2015 1 Global GfK survey: Consumers activities with mobile phones in stores 1. Methodology 2. Global results 3. Country results
YOU THINK YOU MIGHT WANT TO STUDY: ANIMATION DIGITAL MEDIA DESIGN PRODUCT DESIGN VISUAL COMMUNICATION MOTION GRAPHICS 70 DESIGN & CREATIVE MEDIA Course LISTING Bachelor of Arts in Animation Bachelor of
3D Computer Animation (Msc CAGTA) Report (December, 10 th 2004) Jason MAHDOUB Course Leader: Colin Wheeler 1 Summary INTRODUCTION... 3 MODELLING... 3 THE MAN...3 THE BUG RADIO...4 The head...4 The base...4
Proposed Revisions Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Fine Arts, High School Art Prepared by the State Board of Education (SBOE) TEKS Review Committees First Draft, These draft proposed revisions
This is an APA style guide for the most commonly used citation formats. Examples are adapted from the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition. IN-TEXT CITATIONS Anonymous or unknown author: (Short Title, year,
Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other
Wisconsin s Model Academic Standards for Art and Design Education (Replaces Wisconsin s Model Academic Standards for Visual Arts) John Fortier Assistant State Superintendent Division for Learning Support:
The Illy case 2.0 - The IMC plan Rosso Italia Illy and the Illycaffè - The Origin of a Successful Brand Illy is strongly linked to Francesco Illy, the founder and his family, and to the city of Trieste.
Quarter and Timeframe (# days/weeks): First Quarter one week Big Ideas: Explore why artists create and introduce vocabulary and art historical periods. Essential Questions/Understandings: Why is it important
Area: Behavioral & Social Sciences Dean: Carlos Reyes Phone: (916) 484-8283 Counseling: (916) 484-8572 Degree: A.A. for Transfer - History The study of history equips the student with cultural literacy
FACULTAD DE BELLAS ARTES DE ALTEA Fine Arts School, Altea UNIVERSIDAD MIGUEL HERNÁNDEZ DE ELCHE Miguel Hernández University of Elche (UMH) Avda. Benidorm. Partida del Llano del Castillo 03590 ALTEA (Alicante)
Let Me Ask Ya This 55? The only way to go from How are you? to WHO are you? GREAT Questions To Ask Someone You Just Met Scott Ginsberg a special report from that guy with the nametag ABOUT THE AUTHOR Scott
IKEA goes to college A collaboration with Beckmans College of Design Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 PE279749 These students are sketching future fabric patterns for IKEA that will be sold in 38 countries.
Gestalt Art Therapy DATE Monday June 6, 1800 to Sunday June 12, 1300. PLACE Hegnegården, Næsbyvej 28, Orø, 4300 Holbæk, Denmark PRICE Organizational participants: 13.200 DKK Private participants: 9.600
Degrees, Options, Minors, Certificates, and s Program Title Type of Program Catalog Reference 3-D Media Option, BFA in Art Art Accountancy Option, BS in Business /MS Accountancy Acting Option, MFA in Theatre
CERTIFICATE COURSE IN WEB DESIGNING REGULATIONS AND SYLLABUS FOR CERTIFICATE COURSE IN WEB DESIGNING OFFERED BY BHARATHIAR UNIVERSITY,COIMBATORE FROM 2008-2009 UNDER THE UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY INTERACTION
College of San Mateo Approved Associate Degrees for Transfer A GUIDE TO CSM AA/AS-T DEGREES & REQUIREMENTS Administration of Justice AS-T Available beginning 2012-2013 Art, Studio AA-T Available beginning
THE APPROVED LIST OF Humanities and Social Science COURSES FOR ENGINEERING DEGREES APPROVED HUMANITIES COURSES Courses marked with an asterisk have a humanities course as a prerequisite and therefore meet
I N S I G H T S F R O M Working with an advisor: Improved Retirement Savings, Financial Knowledge and Retirement Confidence! ING research highlights the value of working with a financial advisor > People
FashionTV is the biggest fashion medium in the world FashionTV broadcasts the latest news and information to over 350 million households and 7 million public places worldwide. As the only global 24/7 television
Introduction to With Slides from Dongho Kim and Karen Liu School of Media @ Computer Soongsil University Animation Where are s? Movies Star Wars, Toy Story, Titanic, many more Real-performance driven animation
Word Clouds - Educational Tools by Terence Cavanaugh While browsing the web you might see some tag clouds or word clouds, often they are over to the side of the page and look like bunches of words random
Cultural Management, Master Degree French University in Egypt, Programme Course Contents Semester 1 216 30 Introduction to Cultural heritage Hours Credits Course [Module] Contents 18 2,5 Ses1& 2, Definitions
Written By: Zolandra Yarbrough Zolandra yarbrough Buzzworthy Publications Memphis, Tennessee TABLE OF contents Introduction of the eastern-band Cherokee..1 Location.3 Social System 5 Seven Clans.6 Government...8
educator s guide Where the Mountain Meets the Moon By Grace Lin Curriculum connections D Family D Loyalty D Traditions Research in Practice: Questioning Questioning is a skill and strategy that helps readers
ZIMBABWE SCHOOL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL (ZIMSEC) ZIMBABWE GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION (ZGCE) For Examination in November 2012 2016 O Level Syllabus ART (6015) 1.0 INTRODUCTION The term Art in this context
Tools for Teachers t e a c h i n g c U r r i c u l u m f o r h o m e a n d t h e c l a s s r o o m One One You Adri s mama and papa share some of the wisdom they have gained through the years with their
9. Sampling Distributions Prerequisites none A. Introduction B. Sampling Distribution of the Mean C. Sampling Distribution of Difference Between Means D. Sampling Distribution of Pearson's r E. Sampling
How to make great Pins 1 How to make great Pins Pinterest is a visual bookmarking tool that helps you discover and save ideas for all your projects and interests. We want billions of people to live more
SOME THINGS YOUR STUDENTS WILL WANT TO KNOW ABOUT WOLVES - AND WON T BE AFRAID TO ASK 1. Are wolves dangerous to people? Wild wolves avoid people. The myths about wolves attacking and eating people are
SYLLABUS Survey of Architecture History 3 credits COURSE DESCRIPTION This general survey course of architecture history is offered for non-architecture major students. The course examines architectural
HOW CAN YOU CREATE A LEARNING ENVIRONMENT THAT RESPECTS DIVERSITY? By Linda Santora, ADL Staff Article originally appeared in NYSAEYC Report, Winter 2004. The early childhood program environment should
Johnson County Community College 2015-2016 1 Associate of Arts The associate of arts degree from JCCC: is designed for students who plan to transfer to another college or university to earn a bachelors