1 ANIMALS IN ART PREHISTORIC ART TO CONTEMPORARY ART
2 PREHISTORIC ARTISTS During the last Ice Age, prehistoric artists painted animals inside of caves. They are primarily herd animals they hunted for survival. They are depicted from the side. These are hunters and deer from Lascaux cave in Southern France.
3 Many of the animals are shaded to look rounded. They also are painted with realistic earth colors. In most cases proportions are correct. They are pretty amazing considering they are painted high on walls and on ceilings. REALISM
4 AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINES The native peoples of Australia painted animals with their interiors showing. They considered these interiors structures part of a greater life force, which they called the Dreaming. They painted on rock, skin and bark cloth.
5 The early Egyptians revered certain animals. They depicted them somewhat symbolically. Their forms are depicted according to traditional guidelines. This is a hunting dog. It is carved from Ebony wood and painted with gold. ANCIENT EGYPT
6 EGYPTIAN PAINTING Egyptian artists depicted animals from the side in their paintings, just like the prehistoric artists did. They are also shaded to look rounded and in mostly correct proportions.
7 GREEK SCULPTURE Early Greek artists simplified forms so that they appear to be abstract. This bronze horse dates to before 300 BC. Notice that certain parts of the animal are exaggerated, such as the nose, ears, and tail. The rest of the form is reduced to basic shapes.
8 OTHER PRIMITIVE CULTURES Other primitive cultures such as Native Americans, Central American Natives, African, and others also simplified forms. Notice the red bear. His form is almost oblong, with just a few features carved out.
9 NORTHWEST INDIAN MASK Just as in the bear sculpture, certain aspects of this bird face have been exaggerated. The eyes are larger than a real bird s eyes. The beak is very long and pointed. Paint and rafia for feathers have been added for extra effect.
10 NORTHWEST TOTEMS Similar to the Northwest Indian mask, the totems of that region also exhibit simplification. Certain features are also exaggerated. Sometimes, it is difficult to determine exactly which animal is represented.
11 CENTRAL AMERICAN NATIVE ART In what is now Mexico, native American peoples made simplified animal sculptures. These are also simplified. This one represents a monkey.
12 OAXACAN These Oaxacan sculptures are called alebrijes. Sometimes they are brightly colored like this one. This one is a modern version made of thin tin.
13 MAYAN COMPOSITE CREATURES The Mayans invented strange creatures with features from different animals. These are called composite creatures. This one has a snake emerging from a mixture of wild cat and lizard head.
14 African art is usually 3-D. It is usually either functional, such as this table, or related to religious rites. Much of African art is carved from wood or ivory. Some is made of cast metals. AFRICAN ART
15 HEADDRESS This antelope headdress would have been worn as part of a religious ritual dance. Notice the abstracted form of the figure. It is difficult to identify the original animal. The horns are the most naturalistic. Obviously realism was not important to the artist.
16 IMAGINATIVE ERRORS Some distortions are due to lack of knowledge of how creatures look. During the Middle Ages artists depicted elephants with many errors. Artists were drawing images based upon written descriptions.
17 DIFFERENCE IN FOCUS Some proportional errors of the Middle Ages were due to a difference in focus. Medieval artists were not interested in realism, only in symbolism.
18 DIFFERENT CULTURES DEPICT ANIMALS DIFFERENTLY As realistic as this Indian elephant looks, it is still stylized. The head is too large proportionally to the body. The skin is is also smooth, whereas elephants skins are wrinkly.
19 ARABIAN ANIMALS Here are both realistic and imaginary animals. Here the heads of some of the creatures, such as the horses, are too small. Also, they are in an unrealistic landscape.
20 This horse is typical of Chinese horse designs. The neck is very thick and the body fat. The horse is composed of fat rounded curves. Think about the horses in the movie, Mulan. CHINESE DESIGN
21 CHINESE PAINTING Chinese painting styles are traditional. Artists have followed the same formulae for depicting creatures and landscapes for centuries. Notice the horse in the painting is also fat and rounded.
22 WESTERN RENAISSANCE As this horse sculpture by Leonardo da Vinci illustrates, a push for realism developed in the West during the 1400 s, the Renaissance. Notice that all of the muscles and tendons are visible on the surface of the horse s skin, just as in real life.
23 ATTENTION TO DETAIL In Northern Europe during the Renaissance a careful attention to detail evolved. Notice the very realistic fur of this hare in this watercolor by Albrecht Durer, a German artist. The form and proportions of the hare are very accurate. This was due to drawing from life.
24 REALISM WITH ATTITUDE During the 1600 s, in Europe, Baroque artists made images of animals that were both very realistic as well as very expressive. This lion by Pieter Paul Rubens is realistic, but also very menacing. Rubens careful use of line and value create this mood.
25 AMERICAN FOLK ART While academic training to learn to depict people, landscapes and animals realistically and accurately was the norm in Europe, American artists did not share that luxury. American art, especially of the Colonial Period, was full of inaccuracies. Artwork by untrained artists is called Folk Art. The Peaceable Kingdom, Edward Hicks, c. 1834
26 THE LOVE OF HORSE Europeans loved their horses. They loved their spirit and physical beauty. They were a symbol of tamed nature during the Romantic period of the 1800 s.
27 THE BEGINNING OF THE MODERN AGE Modern art actually began to peak through the traditional styles in the late 1800 s. This folk-like image by Henri Rousseau, Surprise!, of 1891, shows the expressive use of color and line which point beyond realism. Notice the tiger hiding in the grass.
28 EXPRESSION TAKES HOLD Early in the 20 th century, abstraction began to evolve. Abstraction is art in which the subjects, such as the cat, are simplified to basic colors, lines and shapes and not depicted realistically. Sometimes the subjects are almost indistinguishable. Tiger, Franz Marc, 1912
29 Picasso s abstraction of the bull and horse in this painting help to make it even more grotesquely expressive of horror. He did not want realism. A realistic image would not be as disturbing. Guernica, Pablo Picasso, c
30 CONTEMPORARY ARTISTS Native American artist, Jaune Quick-to-See-Smith, uses animals in her paintings which were important to American Indian life. Her figures are symbolic, not realistic. Her profiles of animals are similar to the Prehistoric and Egyptian artworks.
31 ANIMATION Animators, like Disney studios, simplify figures to make them easier to read. This is common in advertising also.
32 Deborah Butterfield, and other artists, stretch the viewers acceptances by suggesting objects made from very unusual materials. This Large Horse appears to be made of sticks and earth, but is really cast bronze. She asks the viewer to answer many different questions about what constitutes art. PUSHING THE ENVELOPE
33 SUMMARY Artists have depicted animals in artworks from the very earliest times, beginning around 35,000 BCE. The depiction of animals in art is a universal theme, occurring in all times, places, and cultures. Animal depictions have often been related to religious rites, as well as the study of nature. At different periods of art, animals have been depicted either realistically or symbolically, based upon the artists purposes and philosophies of the time. Abstraction of animal forms is common in nonwestern artworks. It dates from ancient periods of time. Some modern artists involve the viewer in thinking about not only what is represented, but also how and what an object is represented with. Contemporary artworks require viewers to be active, not passive, participants in the art viewing experience.
34 TO PONDER: Animals are present in many cartoons. -Why do you think many characters are animals? Composite creatures have been depicted throughout history: centaurs, dragons, hippogriffs, cat-dog, etc. -What purpose do you think these imaginary combine creatures serve? Advertisers incorporate animals into logos and on products frequently. Think of all of the fantasy animals on cereal boxes; the Ford Mustang; the Gecko.. -Why do you think the use of animals helps to sell products? Most students preferred to make an animal puppet, instead of a human one, even though they did have the option! -Why do you think they chose to represent an animal?
able abstract acrylic activity aesthetic/aesthetics analyze ancient animation applied arch arches architect architectural architecture art art process artist artistic artists arts artwork artworks assemble
Art History of Ancient Africa The modern day countries in the African continent often relate to European colonial political boundaries and not the cultures in them. North Africa is separated from the rest
CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS FOR OKLAHOMA EDUCATORS (CEOE ) OKLAHOMA SUBJECT AREA TESTS (OSAT ) FIELD 002: ART May 2015 Subarea Range of Competencies I. Materials and Processes 0001 0004 II. Art Elements
~ Paper Maché Alebrijes ~ Whimsical Animals Objectives Gain appreciation of the folk arts of Mexico Develop problem solving skills in designing an animal - and constructing armature Develop skills in paper
(800) 377-5890 Online.LaurelSprings.com Art Appreciation - Textbook Course Description Grades 9-12 Art Appreciation introduces students to the world of art in a sophisticated way, providing them with the
Study Sheet: Painting Principles Study Sheet: Painting Principles 1.1.2 Study: Getting Perspective Study Sheet Art Appreciation (S1685684) Name: Date: 1 of 4 10/15/12 9:13 AM Study Sheet: Painting Principles
Cultural Masks Project Working with plaster: a soft mixture of lime with sand or cement and water for spreading on walls, ceilings, or other structures to form a smooth hard surface when dried. Learning
Bucknell University 1 Art History (ARTH) Art History majors graduate from Bucknell with a thorough grounding in the history of art, highly developed critical thinking skills, and a global cultural awareness
CSD Performance Standards for Art and Design describe what Campbellsport School District students will know and be able to do within this subject area. Each CSD performance standard is aligned to one or
Course Description Graphic Design Department Free drawing : 1021705 / 3 Credit Hours This course introduces the student to basic drawing skills and techniques. The emphasis is on traditional approaches
ART PRODUCTION Visual Arts Scope and Sequence LINE Recognize lines and line characteristics in the environment I R R R Identify and explore tools that make lines (pencils, crayons, markers, paint brushes)
International Conference on Humanities and Social Science (HSS 2016) The Influence of Renaissance and Religious Reform on the Development of Music and Art Style Jenny YU No.93 Jingsan Road, Zhengzhou 450000,
Depiction of the body Matisse Karie Edwards Eric Jones Chenla Ou vs. Picasso Henri Matisse 1869-1954 Pablo Picasso 1881-1973 Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso were two of the twentieth century's greatest
Studio Art Introduction and Course Outline PACE High School An Independent Ohio Community School Welcome to the Studio Art course. During this semester you will learn to use the basic materials and techniques
Unit 2 Lesson 4 Early Human Migration and Stone Age Tools Daily Warm-up True/False Read the False statements below. Replace each underlined word with one from the word bank that makes each sentence True.
Edu-Kit Catalogue: First Nations in Niagara Artifact Miniature Snowshoes (2) Handmade snowshoes were a popular form of transportation for First Nations people during the winter months in Niagara. Beadwork
Palo Alto Art Center Foundation 1313 Newell Road Palo Alto CA 94303 650.329.2366 www.paacf.com GRADE 2 & 3 Artist: Eligia Gall NATIVE AMERICAN ARTS: Cave Paintings OVERVIEW Cave paintings exist in many
The Art History of Ancient Egypt Farming & ART The first farming communities are born along the Nile River in Egypt, North Africa and in Mesopotamia, East Asia along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, 10,000-12,
Haslingden High School Art & Design Yr8 Homework Booklet Name Form Date Given: Week Beginning 7th December 2015 Date to hand in: Mark: / Grade: Effort: Housepoints: What went well: In order to improve:
Art and Design Curriculum Map 2016-17 Foundation Stage Nursery and Reception Ourselves Light and Dark Experiments with blocks, colours and marks Fairy Tales The Rainbow Experiments with blocks, colours
Prehistoric Era Art Rock Paintings (Indian Culture Series NCERT) Indian Culture is a vast subject in which there are many sub-areas like art, architecture, sculpture, philosophy, science etc. Not all books
ART A. PROGRAM RATIONALE AND PHILOSOPHY Art education is concerned with the organization of visual material. A primary reliance upon visual experience gives an emphasis that sets it apart from the performing
Guernica Pablo Picasso Picasso is considered by some people to be the greatest artist of this century. This is not only because he produced so much great art, but because his mind was so restless and so
PART INTRODUCTION The Rules of Egyptian Art BEFORE READING Nakht and His Wife. Copy of a wall painting from the tomb of Nakht, c. 1425 B.C.E.* Thebes, Egypt. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York THINKING
Drawing and Painting Vocabulary List 1)Abstract Art- a style of art that shows its subject matter in simplified shapes and colors 2)Acrylic type of synthetic resin used in making paint 3)Airbrush - Tool
1. On which continent will you find the country of Greece? a. Europe b. Africa c. South America d. Asia 2. The mainland of Greece is a peninsula. What is a peninsula? a. land that is surrounded on three
History ( ), PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST INDIAN MASKS & HEADDRESSES Read a brief and factual history of Pacific Northwest Coast Indian masks & headdresses. This Enrichment4You e-guide focuses on the elaborate
Lesson 9 Picasso and Cubism: Self-Portraits How are many sides of an object expressed at once? How is a subject reconstructed into planes, forms and colors? LESSON OVERVIEW/OBJECTIVES This lesson focuses
History of Garden Design Dr. Cynthia McKenney The Purpose of the Garden Changes Over time Embellished farms Production Early Park Versailles is an example Hunt and take long walks Walls and stands of trees
Painting Media Why do People Paint Objects? Expression Aesthetics Decoration Ritual Protection Preservation Waterproofing Communication What is Paint? Application of a coating to a surface May be colored
Grade Level: 7 Subject: ART Trimesters 1-3 Building: Lincoln Tri 1 Essential Questions Content (Understandings) Skills (Know and Able to do) Assessment Resources Sept UNIT 1/ Chapter 1: Art in Your World
Comparing Classical, Medieval and Renaissance Art This sculpture s title is Discobolus (because it shows a man throwing a discus). It was probably made to celebrate the achievement of a famous athlete,
the phillips discovery Pack Find the paintings illustrated on these cards There is no particular order to the cards, so start with your favorite! Use a visitor guide and the map inside to find your way
Unit: Line Learning Goal: The student will create an artwork by using a variety of line types. Essential Questions/Understandings: Why do lines have meaning? Why do we associate horizontal lines with being
Children s trail Masterpieces from the Musée National Picasso, Paris Have fun exploring the exhibition and make some artistic discoveries of your own Collect a pencil Go on a journey through the exhibition
Structures of animals Name: All animals have been designed with different parts, which we call structures, that make up their bodies. Each of these structures is important as it is used to perform a specific
Illustrated Essay Introduction: I am interested in comic and graphic movies in films. The reason I chose this idea is because I like their style of cartoons used like Kill Bill and Sin City and I am going
Chapter Twenty: The Renaissance through The Baroque CHAPTER OVERVIEW The Early Renaissance The High renaissance Art in China Pre-Columbian Art in Mexico Mannerism The Baroque CHAPTER OBJECTIVES This Chapter
Everyday Colors High interest stories about colors. SUMMARY: In each of these stories, you will find a story with a color theme. Each story is structured very similarly to help with reading. Once students
CATRIN HOWELL Bestiary 4-24 December 2013 In the Middle Ages, people imagined that exhilarating or even frightening animals lived beyond the known world. There were tales of giant, long-nosed creatures
SUBJECT AREA LESSON PLANS VISUAL ARTS Please note: Two lessons, Visual Arts, Draw What You Feel and Illustrate with a Monoprint reference NGSSS benchmarks. VISUAL ARTS: Illustrating A Moment In Time Recommended
CHRIST AS THE CENTER OF WESTERN HISTORY: B.C./A.D. OR B.C.E./C.E. Material Golden bead material - unit beads Hundred chain Two thousand chains The Calendar (to locate time in space) Optional: BC/AD Timeline*
19 th Century Cosmetology History of Cosmetology Egyptians Chinese Greeks Romans Middle Ages Renaissance Victorian Age Barber Pole Cosmetology Definition: The art and science of beautifying and improving
The Painter s Eye Tour 1 The Painter s Eye Grades: 2 4 45 minutes This tour replaces Learning to Look at Art. Please disregard all older tour plans. Procedures As with all tours, timing is critical. Therefore
1 P a g e (CBCSS) Model Questions & Question Bank 2 P a g e Paper 4-1 SCRIPTING & STORYBOARDING FOR ANIMATION (Practical Examination) Question Bank 1 The examination is the assessment of a scripting and
DELAWARE COLLEGE OF ART AND DESIGN 600 N MARKET ST WILMINGTON DELAWARE 19801 302.622.8000 INTERIOR DESIGN Total Credits: 70 Studio Credits: 46 Academic Credits: 24 SEMESTER I Drawing I 3 2D Design I: Black
Still Life: A History A Still Life is a work of art, a drawing or painting (usually) of a group of objects. Objects do not move, hence the word still. In the past these objects tended to be flowers, fruit,
WHAT A RELIEF! Teachers Notes Sculpture Workshop for Key Stage 3-5 at the Wallace Collection What a Relief! Teachers Notes Sculpture Workshop for Key Stage 3-5 at the Wallace Collection Sculpture is the
Summit Public Schools Summit, New Jersey Grade Level 4: Content Area: Visual Arts Curriculum Course Description: The fourth grade visual art curriculum provides experiences for students to explore their
Study Sheet: Prehistoric, Ancient Egyptian, and Minoan Painting Study Sheet: Prehistoric, Ancient Egyptian, and Minoan Painting 2.1.2 Study: Prehistoric Ancient Egyptian and Minoan Art Art Appreciation
IMAGINING MAGRITTE Surrealist René Magritte (Belgian, 1898-1967) and his painting The Listening Room are the inspiration for this mixed-media AAYF project. Students preconceived notions of perception and
Notes 9/8 Name: Period: Date: Realistic Art & Proportion Realistic art is art that shows recognizable objects; just like things you would see in real life. Sometimes, realistic art looks so real, it almost
Non-Western Art History Test # 3 Review 15 minute test Date: Thursday December 13, 2012 9:00 AM Part matching, part take-home short essay Based on our course objectives We ll start your presentations at
Art Programs The Art Department offers both an Associate in Arts Degree and Certificates of Achievement programs. Various required and elective courses focus on individual creative development and provide
Envision Visual Arts (EVA) Classes Drawing and Design is the foundation course for all other Digital and Fine Art courses, and is a wonderful class for those just getting starting in arts classes or for
God Expressing Himself If you want to express yourself (open your thoughts and feelings for others to know you) how do you do it? By writing? By speaking? By drawing or painting? By making a 3 dimensional
Keywords: Surrealism (see below) Grade: 6th Month: April Lesson: Surreal Drawing Definitions of Surrealistic terms: Dislocation: Placing an object in unusual or unfamiliar surroundings. (a train coming
Pablo Picasso 1881-1973 Born in Spain Called a prodigy at the age of 14 Father was a painter and art teacher Self-Portrait, 1899-1900 Picasso s technical skill level Self-portrait, 1899-1900 Gertrude Stein,
Art History ARTH Degree: A.A. Art History AA-T Art History for Transfer Division of Humanities and Fine Arts Chris Iwata, Dean Performing Arts Center 137 916-558-2551 Art History Associate in Arts Degree
Families Ages 3 5 Museum explorers Colour and shape The Open Futures family trails are funded by Welcome This trail guides you on a fascinating journey of exploration and discovery around the Museum. On
Course Information: HCS Curriculum: Arts, Visual 6 - Hoover City Schools Secondary Curriculum Arts, 007-08 Course Title: Creative Crafts Grade Level: 9 Course Description: This class is designed to expose
VISUAL ARTS: Knowledge Content Standard 1.0: Students know and apply visual arts media, techniques, and processes. students know and are able 1.3.3 Use different media, techniques, and processes to produce
6 Ι Construction Concepts Lesson 1 The Basics of Home Construction A stand-alone structure that we build to live in is called a house. Other buildings that people live in may be called apartments, duplexes,
Northwest Coast Map The Northwest Culture Area is located in a narrow section of coastal land stretching from Washington State up into Northern British Columbia and Alaska. The people lived in permanent
SPOT ON Lesson Plan to Accompany Juma the Giraffe By Lise Levy and Monica Bond Target ages: 4 7 years Objectives: After the reading of Juma the Giraffe and discussing the story: Participants will be able
Ancient China 1. Analects the collected sayings and teachings of Confucius 2. Bronze Age (3300 1200 B.C.) time when people made weapons and tools from bronze 3. calligraphy artistic form of ancient Chinese
# 101 INTRODUCTION TO VISUAL STUDIES. (3) The course introduces students to the concepts and techniques of visual literacy. It explores a full spectrum of man-made visual forms encountered by contemporary
By Guy Belleranti Owls are raptors, or birds of prey. They are carnivores who quickly and silently swoop down on their prey from above. Most raptors such as eagles, hawks and falcons are day hunters. They
Graduate Council Minutes 5/10/06 Members Present: Dr. John Bentley (ex-officio), Mr. Philip Schwab (for Ms. Darlene Dempster), Dr. Maurice Eftink (ex-officio), Dr. Jeffrey Hallam, Dr. David Nichols, Dr.
Kids Explorer Map Souvenir edition Cool things to see Do you know how big dinosaurs were or what a Mummy looks like? Have you ever wanted to see real treasure that was lost at sea? Well now you can - we
Revised Sept. 2011 FAMOUS ARTIST SERIES: LEONARDO DA VINCI (Kindergarten) Mona Lisa Oil on panel 30 ¼ " x 21" Musee du Louvre, Paris Supplies needed: * Framed print of Mona Lisa, and Mary Cassatt s Breakfast
Aida and the Mirror, 1991 Selma Bortner b. 1926 linoleum print H. 30 inches x W. 36 inches James A. Michener Art Museum Purchased with funds provided by an anonymous donor from the Bucks Biennial I Exhibition
Picasso Style Abstract Portraits Pablo Picasso created more styles of art than any artist before or after him. Many of his abstract portraits are in a split portrait style, meaning that half of the face
Elements and Principles of Design Handout Line: An element of art used to define shape, contours, and outlines; also to suggest mass and volume. It may be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed
What is Abstract Art? Van Gogh Starry Night Before abstract art was invented, most artists painted in a realistic style. This began to change when artists such as Van Gogh and Seurat started to simplify
Walt Stanchfield 22 Notes from Walt Stanchfield s Disney Drawing Classes Drawing Principles by Walt Stanchfield 1 PRINCIPLES OF GOOD DRAWING Would it be plausible to try to liken drawing to the science
Chapter 02 What Is Art? Multiple Choice Questions 1. Van Gogh s paintings are of high value because: A. his work had a major influence on subsequent artists. B. there are a limited number of his paintings.
WEEK 3 OJIBWE ART Lasting impressions on rocks, and temporary Birch Bark Baskets 26 It seems that every culture has its own art forms. Often these art forms reflect the time period, political ideologies,