CHAPTER-LEVEL ACTIVITIES:

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1 Table of Contents CHAPTER-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: What Do You Know? Anticipation Guide... 2 Vocabulary Builder Activity... 2 Hands-On Chapter Project: Visual Display of Amendments... 3 LESSON-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: Guided Reading: Lesson 1 The First Amendment... 3 Guided Reading: Lesson 2 Other Bill of Rights Protections... 4 Guided Reading: Lesson 3 Furthering Civil Liberties st Century Skills Activity: Lesson 1 Information Literacy: Organizing Information... 6 Primary Source Activity: Lesson 1 Free Speech in Public Schools... 7 Page 1

2 CHAPTER WORKSHEETS What Do You Know? Anticipation Guide Before You Read All student responses will vary. After You Read After students have read the chapter, their responses should be: 1. Disagree 2. Agree 3. Disagree 4. Disagree 5. Agree 6. Agree 7. Disagree 8. Disagree 9. Disagree 10. Agree Vocabulary Builder Activity A. Content Vocabulary crossword puzzle Across 2. suffrage 5. slander 9. accused 10. probable cause 11. civil liberties 14. poll tax 16. libel 17. eminent domain Down 1. bail 3. free speech 4. due process 6. censorship 7. double jeopardy 8. self-incrimination 12. indictment 13. search warrant 15. petition Page 2

3 B. Academic Vocabulary 1. convince 2. eliminate 3. retain, civil 4. conduct 5. restrictions C. Combined Vocabulary Reinforcement 1. free 2. probable 3. warrant, conduct 4. jeopardy 5. incrimination 6. eminent 7. codes, restrictions Hands-On Chapter Project Visual Display of Amendments Worksheet 1: Interpreting and Evaluating Visual Images 1-4. Students answers will vary. Worksheet 2: Finding Images for a Visual Display 1-4. Students answers will vary. Worksheet 3: Assessment Rubric Students self-assessment will be based on their opinions about their performance during the project. LESSON WORKSHEETS Guided Reading: Lesson 1 The First Amendment Guaranteeing Civil Liberties 1. Amendment I prohibits Congress from establishing an official religion of the United States. Amendment I guarantees citizens right to practice their faith as they wish. 2. face-to-face discussions; telephone discussions; lectures; radio and TV broadcasts; Internet communication; art; music; clothing 3. Government cannot ban printed material or films because they have alarming or offensive ideas; government cannot block or alter materials before they are published or broadcast. 4. Freedom of assembly means we have the right to gather in groups, as long as the groups are peaceful. Page 3

4 Freedom of association means we have the right to associate with groups of our choosing, such as labor unions, clubs, and political parties. 5. A petition is a formal request for government action, such as a letter or , signed by many people, a few people, or just one person. Limits on Civil Liberty 6. slander, libel Guided Reading: Lesson 2 Other Bill of Rights Protections Rights of the Accused 1. (a) probable cause; (b) search warrant; (c) judge 2. Chart answers: Fifth Amendment How the Protection Works Protection No one can be put on trial for a serious federal crime without an indictment. The accused may not be placed in double jeopardy. The accused has the right to remain silent in order to avoid selfincrimination. No one may be denied life, liberty, or property without due process. It keeps people from being accused without a good reason. An indictment is a formal charge by a grand jury, which is a group of citizens who review the evidence against the accused. Those accused of a crime and judged not guilty may not be tried again for the same crime. Double jeopardy is putting someone on trial for a crime of which he or she was previously acquitted. This protects innocent people from being bullied into giving false confessions. Self-incrimination is giving evidence against yourself that could lead to a guilty charge. The government cannot impose severe punishment without following accepted and normal legal procedures. It limits government use of eminent domain. Due process is following procedures established by law and guaranteed by the Constitution. It protects citizens property rights limiting the government s right to take private property for public use Eminent domain is the right of government to take private property for public use. Page 4

5 3. must be told the exact nature of the charges against them; must be allowed a speedy trial by a fair jury; have the right to hear and question witnesses against them; must be able to call witnesses in their own defense; are entitled to a lawyer 4. While awaiting trial, the accused may stay in jail or pay bail, an amount of money that is returned if the accused shows up for trial. If the accused does not appear for trial, the bail money is not returned. The judge may deny bail if the accused seems likely to try to flee. Additional Protections 5. Some say that it allows each state to keep and provide firearms for its militia. Others say that it guarantees the right of all individuals to keep and bear arms The Courts say that the government can pass laws to control the ownership of firearms. 6. Before the American Revolution, the British had a law called the Quartering Act, which allowed British soldiers to stay in the colonists homes. 7. It is the duty of the judge to resolve issues of law; juries listen to and evaluate evidence and use their findings to reach a verdict. When both parties in a conflict agree, a judge, rather than a jury, may decide the outcome. 8. Citizens have rights in addition to those spelled out in the Constitution, and those rights may not be taken away. 9. It states that powers not specifically given to the national government are reserved for the states and the people. Therefore, only the people can give power to the government. Guided Reading: Lesson 3 Furthering Civil Liberties Civil War Amendments 1. slavery and any sort of forced labor, except as punishment for a crime 2. After the Civil War many Southern states imposed black codes, laws that limited the rights of African Americans. 3. The equal protection clause has been used to protect women, people with disabilities, and other groups whose rights have been limited. 4. The due process clause caused the courts to apply the protections in the Bill of Rights to all citizens. This required states too give all citizens the same rights. 5. a. to guarantee voting rights for African Americans b. Answers will vary, but students should note that some states found ways to continue to keep African Americans from voting. c. The amendment protected only men. d. The amendment did not address women s right to vote. Women could not vote in most federal or state elections. Electoral Process and Voting Rights 6. It allows voters to elect their senators directly. 7. The Tenth Amendment gave states the power to decide whether women could vote. The Nineteenth Amendment, passed in 1920, gave women the right to vote in all state and national elections. Page 5

6 8. Chart answers Amendment Year Passed Protection Twenty-third 1961 gave residents of the District of Columbia the right to vote for president and vice president in national elections Twenty-fourth 1964 outlawed poll taxes that kept many poor African Americans from voting in national elections; a later ruling banned poll taxes from state elections Twenty-sixth 1971 changed the minimum voting age to 18 years of age; before that, most states had set the age at 21 21st Century Skills Activity: Lesson 1 Information Literacy: Organizing Information 1. The key points and details are listed in the second column of this chart under Definition/Explanation. 2. The Bill of Rights Applying the Skill First Amendment Freedom Freedom of Religion Freedom of Speech Freedom of the Press Freedom of Assembly Freedom of Petition the Government FIRST AMENDMENT Definition/Explanation Congress cannot establish an official religion. Americans are guaranteed the right to practice their faith as they wish. Americans can say what is on their minds, in public or in private, without fear of punishment by the government. The government cannot ban printed materials or films merely because they contain alarming or offensive ideas. It also cannot censor information before it is published or broadcast. Americans have the right to gather in groups for any reason, so long as the assemblies are peaceful. Americans have the right to express their ideas to the government. Page 6

7 Primary Source Activity: Lesson 1 Free Speech in Public Schools 1. It is symbolic speech and therefore protected under the free speech clause of the First Amendment. 2. Justice Fortas says the armbands were not disruptive because they did not interfere with school activities or the rights of others. Justice Black says the armbands were disruptive because they distracted other students from learning. 3. The risk is that people will voice unpopular or controversial ideas that provoke an argument or a disturbance. The benefit is that free speech encourages the openness to other ideas and the independence that are the basis of our national strength. 4. Justice Black suggests that too many students already commit crimes, disobey rules, and behave wildly and irresponsibly, and he worries that the Court s ruling will make students even more defiant and likely to demand control of the schools. 5. Yes, the Court would almost certainly have upheld the schools right to ban violent protests. The majority opinion, for example, suggests that there may be constitutionally valid reasons to regulate students speech. It also says that conduct that materially disrupts class work or involves substantial disorder or invasion of the rights of others is not protected under the Constitution. Page 7

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