Containment Topic: Containment (The Cold, Korean, and Vietnam War) (middle/high school US history)

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1 Containment Topic: Containment (The Cold, Korean, and Vietnam War) (middle/high school US history) by Lodge

2 Containment A Cold War story The 20th century US and Western Europe face off against the Soviet Union Had an agreement But Stalin changed it Now this Iron Curtain Is pulled across the Communist nations Truman vows containment yea with troops and some money Germany is now split into the east and the west While McCarthy in the states uncovering the Communist Party The Red Scare plants a fear of losing Democracy With Communism on the rise McCarthy s list comes alive And helps contain it here While we charge right up with the Truman Doctrine And become the World Police To stop this spreading disease This containment is for our survival After World War 2, The winners knew To divide Korea half and half at the 38th parallel North with Stalin To share in common His communistic talkin Yea North wanted the Southern part too The US said, this wont spread The Doctrine will justify So MacArthur sends troops of men In a Korean War It s Stalemate at 38 Korea Divided But it proved that the US had containment belief Fast forward to the falling of the Berlin Wall Yea containment made the Soviets fall

3 In the 1960s we have Vietnam Split across the 17th - parallel Sounds so familiar The North was communist And forced elections Then guerilla Vietcong attacked the southern populations The US said, this wont spread The Doctrine will justify Our peaceful troops escalate while war is dividing The Tet Offensive devastates Chase us to Saigon Nixon pulls out and communism prevails

4 Student Lyric Guide

5 Name: A Cold War story The 20th century Containment When was the Cold War? US and Western Europe face off against the Soviet Union The two most significant Western European allies to the US in the Cold War Had an agreement But Stalin changed it What was Stalin's agreement after World War II? What did Stalin do instead? Now this Iron Curtain Is pulled across the Communist nations The divided Eastern and Western Europe. created alliances with the communist Soviet Union while created alliances with the democratic United States Truman vows containment yea with troops and some money

6 The President of the United States at the beginning of the the Cold War: Truman vowed to contain Germany is now split into the east and the west The divides into East and West While McCarthy in the states uncovering the Communist Party The Red Scare plants a fear of losing Democracy Explain Senator McCarthy's Red Scare: With Communism on the rise McCarthy s list comes alive And helps contain it here What was McCarthy's list? What was the purpose? While we charge right up with the Truman Doctrine The purpose of the Truman Doctrine: And become the World Police Before the Truman Doctrine, the US was a After the Truman Doctrine, the US was the

7 To stop this spreading disease This containment is for our survival Define Containment: After World War 2, The winners knew To divide Korea half and half at the 38th parallel After World War II, Korea was divided at the North with Stalin To share in common His communistic talkin North Korea was controlled by South Korea was controlled by Yea North wanted the Southern part too What did North Korea want? The US said, this wont spread The Doctrine will justify How did Truman respond to North Korea's actions? So MacArthur sends troops of men In a Korean War was the commander of the US

8 military forces in South Korea during the Korean War It s Stalemate at 38 Korea Divided Who won the Korean war? But it proved that the US had containment belief Explain the line: "it proved that the US had containment belief" Fast forward to the falling of the Berlin Wall What was the Berlin Wall: The Berlin Wall was taken down in Why was the Berlin Wall taken down? Yea containment made the Soviets fall How did containment make the Soviet Union fall? In the 1960s we have Vietnam Split across the 17th - parallel Sounds so familiar

9 The North was communist And forced elections In what ways does the story of the Vietnam War sound similar to the Korean War? Then guerilla Vietcong attacked the southern populations Who were the Vietcong? The US said, this wont spread The Doctrine will justify Our peaceful troops escalate while war is dividing Explain the line: "Our peaceful troops escalate while war is dividing" The Tet Offensive devastates Chase us to Saigon The was a massive attack by the army of in order to end the war Did the Tet Offensive work? Explain.

10 Nixon pulls out and communism prevails Who was the US president during the end of the Vietnam War?

11 Teacher Key

12 Name: KEY A Cold War story The 20th century Containment When was the Cold War? US and Western Europe face off against the Soviet Union The two most significant Western European allies to the US in the Cold War 1. England 2. France Had an agreement But Stalin changed it What was Stalin's agreement after World War II? He agreed to make the Soviet Union a democratic country. What did Stalin do instead? He declared that the Soviet Union would be a communist nation Now this Iron Curtain Is pulled across the Communist nations The Iron curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe. Eastern Europe created alliances with the communist Soviet Union Western Europe created alliances with the democratic United States Truman vows containment yea with troops and some money The President of the United States at the beginning of the the Cold War: Harry Truman Truman vowed to contain Communism Germany is now split into the east and the west

13 The Iron Curtain divides Germany into East and West While McCarthy in the states uncovering the Communist Party The Red Scare plants a fear of losing Democracy Explain Senator McCarthy's Red Scare: McCarthy led the charge in the US to find out if anyone was a communist, and have them kicked out or killed. He created a panic called the red scare which implanted fear in the people of the US of being overtaken by the Communists. With Communism on the rise McCarthy s list comes alive And helps contain it here What was McCarthy's list? What was the purpose? A list of people living in the United States that might be Communists. I was meant to contain Communism in the United States While we charge right up with the Truman Doctrine The purpose of the Truman Doctrine: The US will do whatever it takes to contain the spread of communism And become the World Police Before the Truman Doctrine, the US was a World Power After the Truman Doctrine, the US was the World Police To stop this spreading disease This containment is for our survival Define Containment: An effort during the cold war to keep communism from spreading to other countries. After World War 2, The winners knew To divide Korea half and half at the 38th parallel After World War II, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel

14 North with Stalin To share in common His communistic talkin North Korea was controlled by Stalin and the Soviet Union South Korea was controlled by Truman and the United States Yea North wanted the Southern part too What did North Korea want? To unite the entire country (both North and South) into a communist Korean nation - so they tried to take over South Korea The US said, this wont spread The Doctrine will justify How did Truman respond to North Korea's actions? According to the Truman Doctrine, the US will do anything to stop the spread of communism. So we went to war to stop communism from spreading into South Korea. So MacArthur sends troops of men In a Korean War General Douglas MacArthur was the commander of the US military forces in South Korea during the Korean War It s Stalemate at 38 Korea Divided Who won the Korean war? No one. The country is still divided along the 38th parallel But it proved that the US had containment belief Explain the line: "it proved that the US had containment belief" this was the first time the Truman Doctrine had been tested out - it was not just a bunch of talk Fast forward to the falling of the Berlin Wall What was the Berlin Wall: An actual wall that split German in half - East was communist, and West was

15 democratic The Berlin Wall was taken down in 1989 Why was the Berlin Wall taken down? The people of East Germany want a better more democratic life. The Soviet Union had not been able to support East Germany, so they tore down the wall and united a democratic country. Yea containment made the Soviets fall How did containment make the Soviet Union fall? The US used global influence to cut the Soviet Union off from trade partnerships. So, with no demand for their exports, the country was slipping into an impoverished state. They gave up on communism in In the 1960s we have Vietnam Split across the 17th - parallel Sounds so familiar The North was communist And forced elections In what ways does the story of the Vietnam War sound similar to the Korean War? A country split in half at the 17th parallel. North was controlled by communists, south was controlled by democrat nations. North wanted to take over the South and unit the country into a communist nation. According to the Truman Doctrine, we sent troops to stop the spread of communism. Then guerilla Vietcong attacked the southern populations Who were the Vietcong? They were communist soldiers living in South Vietnam that fought for the North using guerrilla warfare and tactics. The US said, this wont spread The Doctrine will justify Our peaceful troops escalate while war is dividing Explain the line: "Our peaceful troops escalate while war is dividing" The US kept sending more troops to protect South Vietnam. Meanwhile, back in the US the country was divided because many people believed that we had no business being in Vietnam.

16 The Tet Offensive devastates Chase us to Saigon The Tet Offensive was a massive attack by the army of North Vietnam in order to end the war Did the Tet Offensive work? Explain. It did work. It drove our troops out of Vietnam. Once the US troops were gone, South Vietnam fell and became part of communist Vietnam Nixon pulls out and communism prevails Who was the US president during the end of the Vietnam War? Richard Nixon

17 Music Video Extension Activity 1. Hand out or project the lyrics and read them out loud and discuss their meaning 2. Play the song for the students, multiple times, encouraging them to sing along 3. Use the student lyric guide in place of, or to supplement class notes 4. Allow students class time, in small groups, to act out a portion of the song 5. Film the student groups singing/acting out the song

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