AMERICAN HISTORY UNIT #1 SETTLING THE WEST LESSON #2 RECONSTRUCTION (67-69)

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1 AMERICAN HISTORY UNIT #1 SETTLING THE WEST LESSON #2 RECONSTRUCTION (67-69)

2 Essential Questions 1. What was reconstruction? 2. What were the different views of what should happen to the former confederacy as they re-assimilated back into the Union?

3 THE WAR ENDS (66) - Union Gen. Grant and Gen. Sherman Pounded on Confederate forces - Sherman encouraged pillaging and destruction (war of attrition) - Confederate Gen. Lee was forced to surrender at Appomattox Court House on April 9, Some Southerners refused to accept defeat, like John Wilkes Booth

4 Questions to ponder 1. Why were Grant and Sherman so destructive to the South? 2. Why were the surrender terms for Lee so soft and generous? 3. What had the South been fighting for? 4. Why even with soft terms, what will the reaction of the South be? 5. What will be the result of these emotions?

5 The Assassination of Pres. Lincoln Celebrating across the North after Lee s surrender Washington DC was deep in Confederate territory Booth conspired to murder the President Booth shot Lincoln at Ford s Theater during plan An American Cousin five days after Lee s surrender The one man capable of rebuilding the USA was now gone racists and haters would now take over the job, and blunder it all

6 OPPOSING PLANS FOR RECONSTRUCTION (67) - Pres. Lincoln offered amnesty for all Southerners who took an oath of loyalty (1863) - Northern troops remained in South (occupying) - RADICAL REPUBLICANS (in Congress) what did they do? 1. Prevent confederate leaders returning to power 2. Guarantee Black Americans the right to vote

7 What is Reconstruction? Two definitions: 1. The era of history after the Civil War ( ) 2. Recreating the United States (especially the South) after it was torn in two. Why will this be so difficult? CLICK 3m

8 What is Reconstruction? Different Groups with Different Goals: 1. Moderate Congressmen & the President GO BACK TO THE WAY IT WAS BEFORE WAR 2. Radical Republicans THE WAR GAVE OPPORTUNITY TO FIX AMERICA 3. Southern Whites DESPERATE TO KEEP CONTROL OVER BLACKS 4. Northern Soldiers TAKE WHATEVER THEY CAN THEY EARNED IT 5. Former Slaves FULLY FREE EXPECT FULL EQUALITY QUICKLY

9 OPPOSING PLANS FOR RECONSTRUCTION - Pres. Johnson new Pres. after Lincoln was killed (1865) - Major tension between: - President - Congress - State Legislatures - What did Southern state legislatures do? PASSED BLACK CODES - What did Congress do? CHALLENGED PRESIDENT JOHNSON - How did Johnson respond? REFUSED TO LISTEN

10 RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS (68) What did each do? - 13 th Amendment (1865) Banned slavery in all states - Fourteenth Amendment (1866) - All people born in America (and legal immigrants) entitled to equal access to laws - Fifteenth Amendment (1870) - Voting can not be restricted based on race

11 THE SOUTH DURING RECONSTRUCTION (68) - Freeman s Bureau Federal agency focused on feeding and clothing to help former slaves - Carpetbaggers Play RECONSTRUCTION #7 (6m to 38:38) Northerners who went into South to help run their local governments hated by Southerners - Scalawags - Southerners who helped Carpetbaggers also hated by Southerners

12 What was result of tensions? Radical Republicans wanted to force former slave South to give full freedom to former slaves Former Slaves they d trusted they were really free, just like whites Former Slave Owners looked for ways to regain control over slaves

13 What do you think should happen? 1. Should the nation be fixed? (full equality) 2. Should the nations be healed? (return to the former culture, but without legal slavery)

14 Winner: both 1. Radical Republicans were able to force federal laws on the South 2. Southern governments passed laws to force former slaves to be second class citizens 3. Wherever the Radical Republicans had more power, the Ku Klux Klan created fear and death Play RECONSTRUCTION #10 (7m to 59:59) CLICK 3m

15 Compromise of 1877 (69) - President from Ulysses Grant - Presidential election Controversy over who won - COMPROMISE OF 1877 What was it? 1. Federal troops out of South in return for 2. Southern support for Hayes (the Republican candidate) POLITICS DESTROYED THE FIXING OF THE SOUTH ENEDED RECONSTRUCTION

16 Essential Questions 1. What was reconstruction? 2. What were the different views of what should happen to the former confederacy as they re-assimilated back into the Union?

17 ACTIVITY Worksheet HOMEWORK Ask your parents what they remember about 9-11 details, emotions, where they were, what they thought

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