National Bank of Arizona Northern Region Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report

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1 National Bank of Arizona Northern Region Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report April 25, 2011 Jarret Childers and Matt Cohen; Northern Arizona University Climate Science and Professional Science Master s Program

2 Table of Contents Climate Science and Executive Summary 1 Introduction 3 Section 1: Methodology 5 Section 2: Overview of Regional Emissions 7 Section 3: Downtown Flagstaff Branch Emissions 8 Section 4: East Flagstaff Branch Emissions 9 Section 5: Page Branch Emissions 10 Section 6: Williams Branch Emissions 11 Section 7: Emission Equivalencies 12 Section 8: Recommendations and Conclusions 13

3 Executive Summary In 2010, activities associated with the operation of the Northern Region branches of National Bank of Arizona (NB AZ) resulted in approximately metric tons of Carbon Dioxide equivalent () emissions. This emission inventory will serve as the base year against which subsequent emission years can be compared. All emissions reported are associated with electricity and gas usage. TABLE 1 illustrates the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions associated with each branch and the total emissions from the region. The Downtown Flagstaff branch was responsible for over half of the regional emissions, as it is the largest operating branch (FIGURE 1). Branch Electricity (MWh) Gas (MMBtu) Total Downtown Flagstaff East Flagstaff Page Williams Total TABLE 1: emissions by source of the four Northern Region branches 1 P a g e

4 Metric Tons of CO₂ e Climate Science and Downtown Flagstaff East Flagstaff Williams Page Natural Gas Electricity FIGURE 1: emissions divided by sector of the four Northern Region branches The total 2010 emissions of the Northern Region branches are equivalent to emissions from 7,441 propane cylinders for home barbeques; annual emissions from 35 passenger vehicles; annual emissions of energy use of 15 homes; and could be sequestered in one year by 81 acres of ponderosa pine forest growth. 2 P a g e

5 Introduction Climate Science and A base-year inventory of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for the 2010 calendar year was conducted following the International Standard ISO and The Climate Registry (TCR) General Reporting Protocol (GRP). This inventory quantifies Scope 1 (direct) and Scope 2 (indirect) emissions derived from the operations of National Bank of Arizona s (NB AZ) four Northern Region branches in Downtown Flagstaff, East Flagstaff, Williams, and Page. Scope 1 emissions at these four branches include the onsite use of natural gas for heating and Scope 2 emissions include the indirect emissions from electricity production. NB AZ has a history of energy efficiency and renewable energy development. The bank has developed and installed two large-scale Solar PV (photovoltaic) systems at their larger facilities in Tucson and in Phoenix. Additionally NB AZ has made state-wide advances in operations efficiency through lighting and HVAC technology improvements, development of a centralized monitoring center to manage energy usage, and improved day lighting techniques at many of the 78 branches throughout the state. Such measures have resulted in NB AZ receiving Certificates of Recognition from APS for the installation of energy efficiency equipment in 13 branches. These initiatives will save the Bank 4,409,097 kwh of electricity, 1,027,321 gallons of water, and the Bank will avoid emitting 2,024 tons of CO 2 over the lifetime of the equipment. NB AZ has formed partnerships with two separate organizations in the state, APS and Solar Phoenix, to support the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency measures within communities around the State. These partnerships have facilitated renewable energy development by providing low interest loans to small businesses, schools, and governments to implement energy saving measures. Accounting for the GHG emissions for the Bank s Northern Region was completed through collaboration with Northern Arizona University s Climate Science and Program and the Coconino County Sustainable Economic Development Initiative s (SEDI) Green Business Network. 3 P a g e

6 This report summarizes the base year inventory of GHG emissions of the four branches for January 2010-December Section 1 outlines the methodology and procedures used to quantify emissions related to the energy use of each of the four branches. Section 2 provides a summary comparison of the emissions of the Northern Region branches. Sections 3 though 6 take a more detailed look at the energy usage and related GHG emissions of the Downtown Flagstaff, East Flagstaff, Page, and Williams branches respectively. Section 7 redefines emissions, comparing the numbers to more tangible items, including trees, cars, propane cylinders, and households. Section 8 presents final conclusions from the analysis and recommendations for GHG emission reductions at each branch. 4 P a g e

7 Section 1: Methodology In accordance the GRP, this inventory measures emissions of the six recognized greenhouse gases. Through the analysis, it was determined that branch operations emit five of the six GHGs: carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), methane (CH 4 ), nitrous oxide (N 2 O), hydrofluorcarbons (HFCs), and perfluorocarbons (PFCs). These gases were quantified in terms of metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (). Scope 1 evaluations measure the on-site burning of natural gas for building heating. Scope 1 typically quantifies the fugitive emissions from HVAC systems as well, but these values were not available for the analysis. However, these emissions are likely to be de minimus because only one HVAC unit at the Downtown Flagstaff branch uses a refrigerant that is recognized in the GRP. There are 15 additional HVAC units throughout the Northern Region that use R-22, a refrigerant that is not a required part of the emission inventory under the GRP. Scope 2 evaluations measure indirect emissions from electricity use. The branches consume electricity to power lighting, computers, appliances, HVAC systems, and other items that require electricity. The GRP identifies the energy mix for the Arizona/New Mexico region, which relies predominantly on coal to generate electric power. This energy mix was used to determine the emissions from electricity use in northern Arizona. All emissions have been measured from daily operations of each of the four Northern Region branches over the course of the 2010 calendar year. The Scope 1 and 2 emissions were tallied to reach a total value for each branch. This data provides a base year analysis upon which to judge branch performance and compare future emissions. 5 P a g e

8 Calculations and Definitions Emission Factor based on emissions associated with each specific gas. Global Warming Potential (GWP) the potency of each greenhouse gas relative to carbon dioxide. As an example, the GWP for nitrous oxide is 310, meaning it is 310 times more potent than CO 2. Calculations were completed for each pollutant based on specified emission factors and GWPs, then totaled. Emissions associated with electricity use: (Electricity Use (MWh) x Emission Factor (lbs pollutant / MWh)) (2, (lbs CO2 / metric ton)) x GWP Emissions associated with natural gas use: Fuel Use (MMBtu) x Emission Factor (grams pollutant / MMBtu) (1,000,000 grams / metric ton) x GWP 6 P a g e

9 Metric Tons of CO₂e Climate Science and Section 2: Overview of Regional Emissions The analysis provides distinct, quantifiable measurements of quivalence () for each branch. The Northern Region emitted MT in TABLE 2 and FIGURE 2 detail the emissions on a per branch basis. Branch Downtown Flagstaff East Flagstaff Page Williams TABLE 2: Comparison of emissions of the four Northern Region branches Downtown East Flagstaff Williams Page FIGURE 2: emissions of the four Northern Region branches The Downtown Flagstaff branch is responsible for roughly half of the Northern Region s emissions, while the Williams, East Flagstaff, and Page branches emissions are considerably lower. The branches with higher emissions use more energy, resulting in increased operating costs. The following Sections will present the energy use and further detail the emissions of each branch individually. 7 P a g e

10 Section 3: Downtown Flagstaff Branch Emissions The Downtown Flagstaff branch contributed roughly half of the Northern Region s total emissions in 2010 with MT. TABLE 3 shows the energy use from each sector and the related GHG emissions. FIGURE 3 depicts emissions per sector. Branch Electricity (MWh) Gas (MMBtu) Total Downtown Flagstaff TABLE 3: Summary of energy use of the Downtown Flagstaff branch Electricity Natural Gas FIGURE 3: Summary of by source of the Downtown Flagstaff branch In 2010, the Downtown Flagstaff branch used megawatt-hours (MWh) of electricity, resulting in MT of emissions. Emissions from natural gas made up just over half of the branch s footprint. The branch used million British thermal units (MMBtu) of natural gas, emitting MT of. 8 P a g e

11 Section 4: East Flagstaff Branch Emissions The East Flagstaff branch had the lowest total emissions in the Northern Region, emitting MT in TABLE 4 outlines energy use and GHG emissions by energy sector. Branch East Flagstaff Electricity (MWh) Gas (MMBtu) Total TABLE 4: Summary of energy use of the East Flagstaff branch Energy use at the East Flagstaff branch is entirely attributed to electricity. In 2010, the branch consumed MWh of electricity, resulting in MT. The branch relies on electricity for its heating, and does not use natural gas on site. 9 P a g e

12 Section 5: Page Branch Emissions The Page branch had the second lowest emissions inventory, resulting in emissions of MT in TABLE 5 shows the energy use and GHG emissions by sector at the Page branch. Branch Electricity Use (MWh) Natural Gas (MMBtu) CO2e Total Page TABLE 5: Summary of energy use of the Page branch The branch facility in Page used MWh of electricity in 2010, which was responsible for the emissions of MT. The branch relies on electricity for its heating, and does not use natural gas on site. 10 P a g e

13 Section 6: Williams Branch Emissions The Williams branch emitted MT in 2010 through the use of electricity and natural gas. TABLE 6 presents the energy use and GHG emissions for the Williams branch, while FIGURE 4 depicts the ratio of emissions between electricity and natural gas usage. Branch Electricity Use (MWh) Natural Gas (MMBtu) Total Williams TABLE 6: Summary of energy use of the Williams Branch Electricity Natural Gas FIGURE 4: Summary of by sector of the Williams branch The Williams branch used MWh of electricity, which was responsible for over half of the total emissions at MT. 178 MMBtu of natural gas was used onsite, which has an associated of 9.47 MT. 11 P a g e

14 Section 7: Emission Equivalencies In order to make the number MT accessible, it is valuable to convert this data into more tangible examples. The Northern Region of NB AZ emitted approximately MT, which is equivalent to emissions from 7,441 propane cylinders used for home barbeques. Emissions from the Northern Regions operations in 2010 could be sequestered by a year s growth of approximately 81 acres of ponderosa pine forest (calculations based of ponderosa pine forest C uptake estimated by Dore et al. (2008)). Other equivalents include annual emissions from 35 passenger vehicles or from the energy use of 15 homes in one year. Most emission equivalents were calculated using the EPA s GHG Equivalencies Calculator available online at: 12 P a g e

15 Section 8: Recommendations and Conclusions At roughly 197 MT of, the Northern Region s emissions are relatively low. Simple measures like updating lighting and introducing more efficient appliances paired with PV installations can turn the four-branch region into low-carbon operation. According to the APS Certificate of Recognition, the efficiency measures implemented at the East Flagstaff branch alone will avoid the emission of 103 tons of CO 2 and will save the bank 225,128 kwh of electricity and 52,455 gallons of water over the lifetime of the equipment. Simple, cost effective measures such as these throughout the region are effective measures in reducing the Bank s carbon footprint. National Bank of Arizona operates 78 offices throughout the state, and this volume of branches provides the opportunity to significantly reduce the company s carbon footprint. Continuing to centralize energy management and improve energy efficiency on a per branch basis shows great potential. If NB AZ carries out these efforts and is able to install PV systems at more branches, then the Bank will become a state and national leader for operating a low-carbon business. 13 P a g e

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