Inference Roman Republic

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1 Inference Roman Republic World History Unit 3, Lesson 2

2 Inference The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true.

3 Inference: The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true. From a historian s perspective, what might this shape represent?

4 How might geography affect an emerging civilization? Rise of Rome Roman Republic Expands: The Roman Empire Pax Romana Roman Peace (lasting about 200 years from 27 BC to 395 AD) Roman Republic is Established at around 509 BC Go to Slide: Roman Empire Early Settlement of Rome in the Italian Peninsula at around 700 BC along the Tiber River ry/romans/city_of_rome/

5 Early Romans: Latin- Early settlers of Rome Etruscans- Northern Italy Eventually take control of Rome and build it into a great city. Build it on 7 hills for protection. 509 BC- Romans drive Etruscans out. Click on map to go back to Rise of Rome slide

6

7 Roman Government: Republic Republic - a government with elected representatives Twelve Tables Patricians Plebeians Senate Consuls

8 Roman government Patricians- wealthy landowners that controlled the republic. Consuls- two individuals that directed the daily affairs of government and led the army. One-year terms

9 The Senate 300-member council of patricians that made laws and served Rome Most powerful part of the Republic

10 The Plebeians The common people (common farmers, artisans, merchants) Had no say in government Allowed to take part in the assembly, but had less power than the Senate. Twelve Tables- 451 BCE Plebeians have Roman laws written. Gives common people some protection against unfair patrician decisions. Twelve Tables may be found at: Click on map to go back to Rise of Rome slide

11 How might geography affect an emerging civilization? Rise of Rome Roman Republic Expands: The Roman Empire Pax Romana Roman Peace (lasting about 200 years from 27 BC to 395 AD) Roman Republic is Established at around 509 BC Go to Slide: Roman Empire Early Settlement of Rome in the Italian Peninsula at around 700 BC along the Tiber River ry/romans/city_of_rome/

12 The Roman Empire Rome had a superior army due to its discipline and organization Roman Legions (army units) Punic Wars (a series of wars that were fought to expand the size of Rome) Rome expands to North Africa, parts of Europe and other lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Emperor Trajan brings Rome to its height in 117 AD

13 Julius Caesar Reforms Rome 1. Reorganized government with him as dictator. 2. Lowered taxes. 3. Makes governors responsible to him. 4. Grants citizenship to conquered peoples. March 15, 44 BCE- Caesar assassinated Stabbed in the Senate Beware the Ides of March. Augustus (Octavian) Caesar next ruler Pax Romana (a period of peace: 27 BC to 395 AD)

14 The Roman Empire Augustus Caesar gains control of the following: Military Takes complete control of Gives veterans bonuses of land. Provinces Supervised all the governors. Loyalty to Rome Granted citizenship to more conquered peoples of Europe.

15 Why do Empires Fall? Empire: A major political unit having a territory of greater extent or a number of territories or peoples under a single sovereign authority.

16 Fall of Rome Invasions Weak military Empire was too large Increase use of slaves put Romans out of work Prices increased Corruption Decrease in trade Invasions: Franks, Visigoths, Huns, Vandals, Saxons Failure to collect taxes Bad leadership 476 AD marks the official fall of Rome

17 Roman Empire is divided into the Western Empire and the Eastern Empire (Byzantine Empire) Justinian Code After the fall of the Roman Empire, the eastern part of the empire (Byzantine Empire) under Emperor Justinian clarified roman laws. Justinian, at around 529 (AD) formed a committee of ten men to work on this project. The end product was the Justinian Code of Laws. Today, much of modern day laws are based on Roman Law and the Justinian Code of Laws.

18 Roman Influences Add titles or descriptions to weblinks: Other helpful links:

19 Roman Influences Draw a graphic organizer on your booklet (last two pages of your booklet). You may add more extensions to the organizer. Religious Political Roman Influences Culture

20 The Rise and Fall of Rome Pax Romana 500 BC 476 AD

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