1 VISTAS Online VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for the American Counseling Association by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 500 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to present. VISTAS articles and ACA Digests are located in the ACA Online Library. To access the ACA Online Library, go to and scroll down to the LIBRARY tab on the left of the homepage. n Under the Start Your Search Now box, you may search by author, title and key words. n The ACA Online Library is a member s only benefit. You can join today via the web: counseling.org and via the phone: x222. Vistas is commissioned by and is property of the American Counseling Association, 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA No part of Vistas may be reproduced without express permission of the American Counseling Association. All rights reserved. Join ACA at:
2 Suggested APA style reference: Johnson, L. D. (2011). Counselors and cyberbullying: Guidelines for prevention, intervention, and counseling. Retrieved from Article 63 Counselors and Cyberbullying: Guidelines for Prevention, Intervention, and Counseling Lakitta D. Johnson Johnson, Lakitta D., is an Assistant Professor at Jackson State University in the Department of School, Community, and Rehabilitation Counseling. Her work experience includes working with children, adolescents, and adults with psychiatric disorders as well as addiction. Her current research interests include therapeutic communication, co-occurring disorders, African American students retention, and technology s influence on children. Due to technology, the consequences of bullying are more severe and are increasingly leading to death and violence. With the widespread use of social media and other forms of technology, bullying in the form of cyberbullying can now reach thousands of children. Bullying is commonly defined as repeated aggressive behavior in which there is an imbalance of power between the parties (Kowalski & Limber, 2007, p. S22). Traditional bullying is categorized as indirect and direct bullying (Quiroz, Arnett, & Stephens, 2006). Direct bullying consists of hitting, shoving, pinching, verbal threats, name calling, demanding money, property, or service; stabbing, choking, burning, and shooting (Quiroz et. al, 2006). Indirect bullying consists of rejecting, isolating, humiliating, rating or ranking, manipulating friends and relationships, blackmailing, terrorizing, and proposing dangerous dares (Quiroz et al., 2006). Cyberbullying is using technology aggressively to cause harm to others through the use of internet web sites, chat rooms, instant messaging, text and picture messaging on phones, and blogs (Erb, 2008). The consequences of cyberbullying are increasing daily with children dropping out of school, physical and emotional illnesses, suicide, homicide and other acts of violence. According to Hinduja and Patchin (2010), approproximately 20% of students from years old reported that they were both a cyberbully and a victim at some point in their lifetime. The social and emotional problems that arise from cyberbullying are issues that can be addressed through counseling. Thus, counselors, whose duties are to advocate on the behalf of society, have a responsibility to help society with this growing issue. This article will address the forms, means, frequency, and consequences of cyberbullying. Then it will provide information on the anonymity of the cyberbully, cyberbullying legislation, and characteristics of cyberbullies and victims. Finally, it will discuss counselors role in prevention and intervention methods, as well as helping the victim and the cyberbully.
3 Forms of Cyberbullying There are several forms of cyberbullying that are frequently used. Williard (2010) describes several forms of cyberbullying including flaming, cyberharassment, denigration, impersonation, outing and trickery, exclusion/ostracism, and cyberstalking. Flaming is a brief, heated exchange between individuals through communication technology in chat rooms or discussion groups. Cyberharrassment involves offensive messages repeatedly sent to an individual via or text messages. Denigration is false and derogatory information or pictures about an individual disseminated via web page, , or instant messaging that is used to damage the victim s reputation. With impersonation, the bully poses as the victim, and then communicates harmful, malicious, harsh information with others. Outing occurs when an individual shares someone else s personal information. Trickery occurs when an individual tricks someone else into revealing personal information and then shares that information with other people. Exclusion/ostracism transpires when a person is excluded from password-protected media, deleted from buddy lists, or friend requests are denied. Finally, cyberstalking is the use of electronic communications to stalk another person through repetitive forms (Williard, 2010). Means of Cyberbullying The means of cyberbulling include cell phones, pagers, web sites, blogs, chat rooms, instant messages, and s (Diamanduros, Downs, & Jenkins, 2008). With these methods of social media, children and adults are able to go to sites to bully their victim. Cyberbullies are able to create web pages that seems as if it belong to their victim, but are filled will false as well as malicious information (Diamanduros et al., 2008). They are able to post embarrassing pictures or adjust pictures to make it look differently through cell phones or the computers. Additionally, they are able to falsify an address to have their victim spammed or to send false s to others with damaging or untrue information (Diamanduros et al., 2008). Anonymity of the Cyberbully With technology, there are a variety of ways that people can be anonymously harassed. One of the main reasons for continued occurrence and widespread use of cyberbullying is due to the anonymous nature of cyberbullying. The appeal of the anonymity of cyberbullying entails the following: Cyberbullies are easily able to hide behind the forms of technology that they abuse (Strom & Strom, 2005). Many believe that they are invisible or cannot be caught when using technology (Williard, 2004). Anonymity also makes it easier to be vicious to someone who is physically located somewhere else (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010). Because they do not receive tangible feedback, they are unable to recognize the harm they cause and lack remorse (Williard, 2004). Many victims often do not know who or why they are being cyberbullied (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010). Finally, many adults lack the technological know-how to monitor today s youths online activities, which makes cyberbullies behavior and victims experiences undetected (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010). 2
4 Occurrences of Cyberbullying The frequency in which children are experiencing cyberbulling is astounding. Saddock and Saddock (2007) report that 1 in 17 children ages 10 to 17 reported being cyberbullied online in According to Kowalski and Limber (2007), among 3,767 middle school students from cities in the Southeastern and Southwestern United States, 18% of the students reported being cyberbullied at least once in the past two months, 53.2% reported being cyberbullied by a student at school, 37% reported being cyberbullied by their friend, 13% reported that they were cyberbullied by their sibling, and 48% reported that they did not know the identity of the person who bullied them. In addition to that, 11% reported that they had also cyberbullied someone at least once in the past two months. Consequences of Cyberbullying Similar to traditional bullying, there are several devastating consequences of cyberbullying. One of the most devastating consequences of traditional bullying has been violence at school. In many of the cases of violence, the attackers felt bullied, mistreated, or harmed by others prior to the attack (Morrison, 2009). Victims of cyberbullying experience depression, sadness, anger, and frustration and embarrassment (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010). Cyberbullying has also been linked to low self-esteem, family problems, academic problems, school violence, and delinquent behavior (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010). Victims of cyberbullying also report experiencing suicidal thoughts. Consequently, there have been several incidents in the United States where victims completed suicide (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010). Cyberbullying Legislation Because of the serious consequences and widespread phenomenon of cyberbullying, many states are passing laws against cyberbullying. According to Williard (2007), many courts have ruled on cases that involved online harmful speech which took place off campus. These courts applied the Tinker standard, which stated that school officials could respond with formal discipline in situations in which the off campus speech causes, or threatens to cause, a substantial and material disruption at school or interference with the rights of students to be secure (Williard, 2007). Williard (2007) asserts that, the application of the Tinker standard to off-campus cases represents an appropriate balance between student free speech rights and the safety and security interests of schools (p. 4). Willard (2007) offers the following recommendations for schools and laws to effectively address cyberbullying: State statutes and school policies directed at cyberbullying must specifically allow school officials to respond to instances of off-campus online speech that meets the Tinker standard, as well as address the use of the district internet system and any personal digital devices used on campus (p. 7). Additionally, Willard (2007) recommend that they include cyberbullying in the list of prohibited actions, expansion of the decryption of the extent of authority to include use of the district internet system and on-campus use of personal digital devices and to 3
5 include off-campus behavior that meets the Tinker standard (p. 8), as well as incorporate cyberbullying into their safe schools plans. Characteristics of Cyberbullies and Victims It is important that counselors utilize their knowledge of age appropriate behaviors to help identify the characteristics of children who bully as well as their victims. Counselors can then educate others including parents and school personnel on identifying cyberbullies and victims. Researchers have identified warning signs of victims and perpetrators of cyberbullying victims (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010). The victims of cyberbullying exhibit the following behaviors: experiences anxiety when or instant messages appear on the computer screen, appears upset or depressed after using computer, suddenly stops using computer, appears anxious about going out in public including school, tries not to engage in conversations about what he or she is doing on the computer, and seems withdrawn from social and family support systems (Hinduja & Patchin 2010). Additionally, Hinduja and Patchin (2010) identify warning signs of the cyberbully offender as follows: hides or closes computer screen from others, uses computer late at night, becomes agitated if they can not use the computer, displays excessive laughter while using computer, and does not discuss what he or she is doing on the computer. It is very important that others are made aware of the characteristics of victims and offenders to help with prevention and intervention. Prevention Methods for Schools After educating on the characteristics of the cyberbully and victim, counselors can then be instrumental in working with schools, parents, and communities in dealing with the widespread phenomenon of cyberbullying through leading the efforts for cyberbullying prevention. Various researchers have a variety of viewpoints of what should be included in prevention efforts. However, it is important that counselors assist in helping schools develop a plan that is tailored toward their needs. The Anti-Defamation League (2007) recommends the following components be included in a prevention plan for cyberbullying: Defining clear guidelines for Internet use Teaching students about ethical and legal standards for online activities Updating policies to include guidelines for internet and cell phone use, and consequences for cyberbullying and online cruelty Make reporting of cyberbullying and online hate incidents a requirement Establish confidential reporting mechanisms Devise supervision and monitoring practices of students Internet use on school computers Educate students about cyberbullying and discuss strategies for reacting to cyberbullying as targets and as bystanders Promote empathy, ethical decision-making skills, and respect among students Increase awareness of Internet safety strategies among students and their families 4
6 It is important that everyone be involved in efforts to decrease cyberbullying including counselors, school officials, parents, and most importantly, the students themselves. Counselors can educate school officials on ways to develop and implement prevention plans, monitor the plan s usage, and assess its effectiveness. This process may have to be revised if it is not working. Prevention Methods for Parents It is also important for counselors to educate parents on the necessity of discussing internet and cell phone safety with their children. Parents should provide information specifically on safe and respectful uses of technology, as well as give examples of consequences of negative use. Children can be informed of the dangers some of which include: sexual predators, pornography, sexting, giving out personal information, and the devastating effects of cyberbullying. Additionally, encourage parents to keep computers in common areas of the house and monitor children s internet and cell phone use (Diamanduros et al., 2008). Also, instruct parents to encourage their children to tell their parents or another adult about any incidences of cyberbullying or solicitations by predators and to save the evidence. Finally, encourage parents to urge their children not to respond to cyberbullying (Diamanduros et al., 2008). Counselors should also provide parents with resources to assist them with cyberbullying prevention. Because children are a part of the larger community and have access to technology outside of school and home, community programs and agencies should be included in these efforts as well. Intervention Methods Despite the many efforts that are put into cyberbullying prevention, incidents of cyberbullying may continue to occur. Because of this, counselors should assist schools, parents, and the community in intervention efforts. The Anti-Defamation League (2007) makes the following recommendations for intervention strategies for schools: Immediately responding when cyberbullying takes place Saving the evidence Assessing the problem Determining consequences in accordance with school policies Reporting to the police harmful online speech, harassment, stalking or violent threats Informing the perpetrators family to establish consistency in home and school expectations Providing social skills counseling to perpetrators Informing mental health professionals to assist the victims and their families in coping with the incident. The intervention strategies recommended for families by The Anti-Defamation League (2007) include the following: Saving the evidence Blocking offending addresses and cell phone numbers 5
7 Changing children s address and cell phone numbers Reporting cyberbullying incidents to school officials and police if extremely harmful Reporting incidents to services, internet service providers, web sites, cell phone companies, etc. Canceling services if providers do not respond to complaints. Again, these methods must be specifically designed to meet the needs of the school, organization, or family. Everyone should know what to do when an incident occurs. For the most optimal results, intervention methods should be implemented within a reasonable amount of time after the incident occurs. It is important to check with your state regarding the laws for the amount of time counselors and schools are given to respond to reports of cyberbullying. Counseling the Victim and the Cyberbully Finally, counseling should be provided to the victim and the cyberbully. The goals of counseling should be to help the victim cope with the trauma of cyberbullying and to rehabilitate the cyberbully. It is important that the cyberbully be educated regarding the serious consequences of cyberbullying. The counselor will then work with the cyberbully on increasing self esteem and social skills. Counselors can also teach impulse control skills, anger management skills, and ways to appropriately express feelings. Additionally, counselors may assess for underlying issues that may have lead to bullying behaviors. Victims should be offered counseling on assertiveness skills, socialization skills, and improving self concept. Sessions with the victim and the cyberbully can be offered via individual, group, or family sessions (Harris & Petrie, 2003). Recommendations and Conclusions Most of the research on ways to combat bullying and cyberbullying address the role of school counselors and psychologists because of its profound impact on schools. However, because of the widespread use of technology and the fact that you can access it everywhere, all counselors should be involved in efforts to reduce cyberbullying. Utilization of counselors in other settings including mental health centers, correctional facilities, nonprofit agencies, mental health centers, colleges and universities, and private practices, are essential. Specifically, I make the following recommendations to address cyberbullying in multiple settings. To address prevention and intervention, counselors in correctional facilities and short term treatment facilities can conduct group sessions with parents and youth to educate them on cyberbullying. Counselors can make presentations and provide literature at various community events such as health fairs, back to school programs, and church programs. They can also speak at various organizations such as boys and girls club, boy scouts, and girl scouts. Additionally, school based therapists can work together with school counselors to have school wide rallies or programs to educate the entire school on cyberbullying. In addition, they can conduct workshops/presentations to other community partners that they collaborate with who work with children and adults. Counselors in college and university settings can have various informational events and provide literature to reach their population since cyberbullying is also a 6
8 problem with this population. Counselor educators can also assist in prevention and intervention efforts through teaching and workshops as well. It is imperative to reach as many people in as many forums as possible and community counselors/licensed professional counselors are in a position to do this type of outreach. In essence, as helping professionals who embrace the responsibility of being advocates for all humans, professional counselors should unite with school counselors and psychologists to help alleviate the emotional trauma that results from cyberbullying. References Anti-Defamation League. (2007). What can you do to respond to cyberbullying. Retrieved from Diamanduros, T., Downs, E., & Jenkins, S. J. (2008). The role of school psychologists in the assessment, prevention, and intervention of cyberbulling. Psychology in the Schools, 45(8). Erb, T. D. (2008). A case for strengthening school district jurisdiction to punish offcampus Incidents of cyberbullying. Arizona State Law Journal, 40, Harris, S. L. & Petrie, G. F. (2003). Bullying: The bullies, the victims, the bystanders. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2010). Cyberbullying: Identification, prevention, and response. Retrieved from Kowalski, R. M., & Limber, S. (2007). Cyberbullying among middle school children. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, S22-S30. Morrison, C. T. (2009). What would you do, What if it s you? Strategies to deal with a bully. Journal of School Health, 79(4), Quiroz, H. C., Arnette, J. L., & Stephens, R. D. (2006). Bullying in schools: Discussion activities for school communities. Retrieved from National School Safety Center website: Saddock, B. J., & Saddock, V. A. (2007). Synopsis of psychiatry (10 th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Strom, P. S., & Strom, R. D. (2005). Cyberbullying by adolescents: A preliminary Assessment. The Educational Forum, 70, Williard, N. (2004). I can t see you-you can t see me: How the use of information and Communication technologies can impact responsible behavior. Retrieved from Williard, N. (2007). Cyberbullying legislation and school policies: Where are the boundaries of the school house gate in the new virtual world? Retrieved from Williard, N. (2010). Educator s guide to cyberbullying, cyberthreats & sexting. Retrieved from Note: This paper is part of the annual VISTAS project sponsored by the American Counseling Association. Find more information on the project at: 7
Educator s Guide to Cyberbullying Addressing the Harm Caused by Online Social Cruelty Nancy Willard, M.S., J.D., Director Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use URL: http://cyberbully.org or http://csriu.org
Cyberbullying Whether it happens at school or off-campus, cyberbullying disrupts and affects all aspects of students lives. By Ted Feinberg and Nicole Robey Ted Feinberg is the assistant executive director
Cyberbullying 1 Running head: SCHOOL COUNSELORS AND THE CYBERBULLY School Counselors and the Cyberbully: Interventions and Implications Julia S. Chibbaro University of West Georgia For further information
Patrick Evans, M.S. CESA 7 - Project Management Consultant Green Bay, Wisconsin Certified Trainer Wisconsin Emergency Management Multi-Hazard Emergency Planning for Schools Writer, Editor, Contributor,
Cyberbullying Bullying is aggressive behavior that is intentional and involves an imbalance of power or strength. Usually, it is repeated over time. Traditionally, bullying has involved actions such as:
Applying the Washington State HIB Law in Your School BIG thank-you to SMILE thank you to Christie Toribara, founder SMILE funded this workshop firstname.lastname@example.org SMILE is an educational organization
switching seats in the classroom stealing money Take Action Against Bullying spreading rumors pushing & tripping U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Cyberbullying Among College Students Lakitta D. Johnson, Ph.D. Jackson State University Cyberbullying has emerged as a new and serious form of bullying and harassment. Cyberbullying occurs when a person
Dallas Police Department Computer Crimes Unit Cyber-Bullying Sexting And Criminal Consequences Prepared by Detective Russell Stephens Computer Crimes Unit Dallas Police Department 214-671-3545 Cyber-bullying
July 2007 Cyberbullying Policy Considerations for Boards Schools have long had to deal with bullying among students, including hitting, teasing, name-calling, intimidation, harassment and social exclusion.
No. 249 FAIRFIELD AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT SECTION: PUPILS TITLE: BULLYING / CYBERBULLYING ADOPTED: REVISED: August 11, 2015 249. BULLYING / CYBERBULLYING 1. Purpose 2. Definitions The Board is committed to
Affirmative Action Presentation Woodbridge Township School District A Guide to Social Media, Schools, and the Law. Woodbridge Township School District Staff Development 2012-2013 To provide school personnel,
Communicating about bullying Bullying is a widespread and serious problem that can happen anywhere. It is not a phase children have to go through, it is not just messing around, and it is not something
School Address: 4450 S Mendenhall Rd Memphis, TN 38141 Tel: (901) 367 7814 Fax: (901) 367 7816 www.sememphis.org MEMPHIS SCHOOL OF EXCELLENCE Parent Guide to Cyber bullying and Cyber threats Young people
THE EFFECTS OF FAMILY VIOLENCE ON CHILDREN Where Does It Hurt? Child Abuse Hurts Us All Every child has the right to be nurtured and to be safe. According to: Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile
Information Brief AU GU ST 2 0 0 8 Cyberbullying and School Policy Introduction The Commonwealth of Virginia has been concerned with student Internet safety since the General Assembly first enacted legislation
Prohibiting Harassment, Intimidation and Bullying Statement of Legislative Mandate and Purpose Regulation This regulation is a result of the legislative mandate and public policy embodied in the School
FIRBANK GRAMMAR SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES FOR THE USE OF TECHNOLOGY STUDENTS Updated 2014 1 FIRBANK GRAMMAR SCHOOL Table of Contents POLICY FOR THE ACCEPTABLE USE OF TECHNOLOGY - students...
Chicago Public Schools Policy Manual Title: ANTI-BULLYING POLICY Section: 705.5A Board Report: 14-0625-PO1 Date Adopted: June 25, 2014 Policy: ANTI-BULLYING POLICY Purpose The Illinois General Assembly
Parent Tips What Parents Should Know About Bullying What is Bullying? The Pinellas County Schools Policy against Bullying and Harassment defines bullying as: Systematically and chronically inflicting physical
A Parents' Guide to Cyberbullying: Addressing Online Social Cruelty Young people have fully embraced the Internet as both an environment and a tool for socializing. They create their own Web sites, post
BULlYing Y BULLYING WhYbe concerned about bullying in your child s life? After many years of research, we have learned that bullying in our schools and in our society is a much more damaging and dangerous
BULLYING WHERE DOES IT END? What? Who? When? Bullying Why? Where? How? Bullying... A student is being bullied when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to intentional negative actions on the
Cyberbullying and Cyberthreats Effectively Managing Internet Use Risks in Schools Nancy Willard, M.S., J.D. Center for Safe and Responsible Use of the Internet Web sites: http://csriu.org and http://cyberbully.org
Social Media and its effects on youth Daniel J. Flannery PhD Dr. Semi J. and Ruth Begun Professor Director, Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research & Education Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences
Lt. Anthony Ritter New Jersey State Police Cyber Crimes Bureau Good evening, I am Lt. Anthony Ritter of the New Jersey State Police, Cyber Crimes Bureau. I will be taking the next few minutes to explain
Cyberbullying, Sexting & Predators Oh My! Addressing Youth Risk in the Digital Age in a Positive and Restorative Manner Nancy Willard Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use Cyber Savvy Cyber Savvy
Lisa C. Tang, Ph.D. Licensed Clinical Psychologist 91 W Neal St. Pleasanton, CA 94566 (925) 963-8835 Professional Policies and Consent to Treatment Welcome to my practice. I appreciate your giving me the
Cyber-Bullying - Using technology to repeatedly and on purpose say or do mean or hurtful things to another person who has a hard time defending himself or herself. (Adapted from Olweus, Dan and Susan P.
Infusion of School Bullying Prevention Into Guidance Curriculum October, 29, 2007 Charleston, SC Insoo Oh, Ph.D. Assistant Professor University of South Carolina Significance of Bullying Prevention Program
BULLYING/ANTI-HARASSMENT The state of Mississippi has established legislation requiring Bullying Prevention to be taught in schools. Executive Summary The purpose of this policy is to assist the Mississippi
Occupational Health & Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO) WORKPLACE VIOLENCE PREVENTION SERIES Domestic Violence Doesn t Stop When Your Worker Arrives at Work: What Employers Need to Know to Help What is
, Vol. 45(8), 2008 Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com) C 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc..20335 THE ROLE OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS IN THE ASSESSMENT, PREVENTION, AND INTERVENTION
Students BP 5131.2(a) BULLYING The Governing Board recognizes the harmful effects of bullying on student learning and school attendance and desires to provide safe school environments that protect students
APPENDIX C HARASSMENT, BULLYING, DISCRIMINATION, AND HATE CRIMES (Adaptedfrom the Attorney General's Safe Schools initiative) This section of the Code of Conduct has been adapted from the Greenfield Public
Jenny Walker, Ph.D. Askdoctorwalker@cox.net www.cyberbullyingnews.com 1 Overview Introduction: Why we are here the challenge Part 1: What do we need to know? the basics What is bullying and cyberbullying?
CyberbullyNOT Student Guide to Cyberbullying WHAT IS CYBERBULLYING? Cyberbullies use the Internet or cell phones to send hurtful messages or post information to damage people s reputation and friendships.
Adopted Revised High School for Recording Arts Bullying Prohibition Policy 1. Purpose Students have the right to be safe and free from threatening situations on school property and at school activities
Cyberbullying 1 Running head: CYBERBULLYING AND SCHOOL COUNSELORS Cyberbullying: How School Counselors Can Help Amanda Shemon Adler Graduate School Cyberbullying 2 Abstract Cyberbullying has negative impacts
APPENDIX B ASSESSMENT OF RISK POSED TO CHILDREN BY DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Anne L. Ganley, Ph.D. Assessment of Domestic Violence for Child Protective Services (CPS) Decision Making Guidelines for Interviewing
How can you help? A B It s hard to know what to do when you know or suspect that a friend or family member is living with violence. How do I know what is the right thing to do? Should I say something or
Client Rights Handbook Your rights and responsibilities as a consumer of Access Family Services, Inc. Key Contacts Chief Executive Officer 704 521 4977 Chief Operating Officer 704 521 4977 President Southeastern
LARKS HILL JUNIOR & INFANT SCHOOL Social Media Policy Written: Reviewed Autumn Term 2015 Larks Hill J & I School Social Media Policy 1. Introduction For the purposes of this policy, social media refers
WORKPLACE VIOLENCE POLICY SUNY Canton is committed to providing a safe work environment for all employees that is free from intimidation, threats, and violent acts. The college will respond promptly to
Resource Library Banque de ressources SAMPLE POLICY: CHILD ABUSE Sample Community Health Centre Keywords: child abuse, high risk Policy The centre recognizes that abuse may take many forms such as economical,
Today s teens use technology more than ever. Most have high-speed Internet access, which they use to send instant messages to their friends, create blogs and online videos, keep personal profiles on social
What is DOMESTIC VIOLENCE? Domestic violence is a pattern of control used by one person to exert power over another. Verbal abuse, threats, physical, and sexual abuse are the methods used to maintain power
Professional Teacher Development Seminars Elementary through High School Parents Place is a Program of Jewish Family and Children s Services Teacher Development Elementary through High School Jewish Family
4510 Computer Network (Cf. 4520) 4510 The Board authorizes the Superintendent to develop services linking computers within and between buildings in the District, and to provide access to the international
University of Illinois at Chicago Student Sexual Misconduct and Sexual Violence Interim Policy Introduction The University of Illinois at Chicago is committed to creating a safe and secure community for
Chapter 3 Online Bullying Children and teens often face online cruelty (as well as cruelty in the real world). For younger kids, instant messaging and texting can become platforms for teasing and meanness.
Charles Williams Church in Wales Primary School Bullying Prevention Policy June 2014 Review date June 2016 This Bullying Prevention Policy acknowledges the Welsh Government s Respecting Others: Anti- Bullying
DEALING WITH WORKPLACE BULLYING - A WORKER S GUIDE NOVEMBER 2013 Safe Work Australia is an Australian Government statutory agency established in 2009. Safe Work Australia consists of representatives of
Cyber Bullying: A Prevention Curriculum for Grades 6-12 Scope and Sequence Cyber Bullying: A Prevention Curriculum for Grades 6-12 What is Cyber Bullying: A Prevention Curriculum for Grades 6-12? Cyber
1 Author: Powell, Joey, B. Title: Cyberbullying The accompanying research report is submitted to the University of Wisconsin-Stout, Graduate School in partial completion of the requirements for the Graduate
Chapter 7 summaries Cyberbullying definitions and prevalence Many definitions have been offered for cyberbullying. Several of these definitions explicitly or implicitly indicate that the bullying behaviour
Youth Protection No Bullying In Scouting Old North State Council 1405 Westover Terrace Greensboro, NC 27408 336.378.9166 How to Use This Booklet The Old North State Council is committed to making Scouting
Preventing Bullying and Harassment of Targeted Group Students COSA August 2013 John Lenssen Definition Bullying is unfair and one-sided. It happens when someone keeps hurting, frightening, threatening,
Great Bay Mental Health Associates, Inc. Notice to Clients and Consent to Mental Health Treatment Agreement Courtney A. Atherton, MA, LCMHC, MLADC Patient Name (please print): Welcome to the therapy services
Parent Guide to Cyberbullying and Cyberthreats Young people have fully embraced the Internet as both an environment and a tool for socializing. Via the Internet and other technologies, they send e-mail,
Best Practices Manual For Counseling Services A Guide for Faculty & Staff 7/2014 Table of Contents Purpose of the Best Practices Manual for Counseling Services.3 General Guidelines on Responding to Concerns
Strategies for Victim Service Providers for Combating Cyberbullying Introduction The act of bullying is a phenomenon that has been recognized for decades now, often scrutinized for whether it is a normal
WORKPLACE VIOLENCE PREVENTION Health Care and Social Service Workers Definition Workplace violence is any physical assault, threatening behavior, or verbal abuse occurring in the work setting A workplace
Internet Safety/CIPA Lesson Plan Social Networking Overview Students need to safely use the Internet for learning, socializing, and for preparing for college and work. While firewalls, antivirus software,
(Adapted from the Mayo Clinic, 2014) It's challenging to help a loved one struggling with any type of addiction. Sometimes a direct, heart-to-heart conversation can start the road to recovery. But when
CSBA Sample Board Policy Students BP 5131.2(a) BULLYING Note: The following optional policy may be revised to reflect district practice. Education Code 234.1, as amended by AB 9 (Ch. 723, Statutes of 2011),
How to Protect Students from Sexual Harassment: A Primer for Schools This fact sheet is part of a series of tools designed by the National Women s Law Center to help schools address the dropout crisis.
5040 BULLYING PREVENTION POLICY The goal of the Guilderland Central School District is to prevent bullying. The Board of Education is committed to creating and maintaining a learning atmosphere which is
Social and Emotional Wellbeing A Guide for Children s Services Educators Social and emotional wellbeing may also be called mental health, which is different from mental illness. Mental health is our capacity
SWITZERLAND COUNTY School Corporation Policy Anti-Bullying Policy SCSC POLICY 6.72 The following policy has been established by the school board of Switzerland County School Corporation regarding anti-bullying.
BERKELEY COLLEGE Equal Opportunity Policy Purpose Recognizing that its diversity greatly enhances the workplace and opportunities for learning, Berkeley is firmly committed to providing all associates,
Revised 7/1/08 AGAPE Therapist Client Services Agreement AGAPE is a faith-based organization guided by Christian values. As part of its overall mission, AGAPE offers professional counseling and psychological
Guidelines for Preventing and Dealing with Bullying Issues Stapleford School aims to value all its members, to give all the opportunity to learn, act fairly and celebrate differences between individuals.