Acid 7 Base. 1. Describe two things hydrochloric acid does in your body system. 2. What does sodium hydrogencarbonate do in your body system?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Acid 7 Base. 1. Describe two things hydrochloric acid does in your body system. 2. What does sodium hydrogencarbonate do in your body system?"

Transcription

1 Acids and Bases acid: a compound that, when dissolved in water, forms a solution with a ph less than 7 base: a compound that, when dissolved in water, forms a solution with a ph greater than 7 ph: the measure of how acidic or basic a substance is When was the last time you put vinegar on your French fries or washed your hands with soap and water? Did you know that you were using acids and bases? An acid is a compound that dissolves in water to form a solution with a ph lower than 7. A base is a compound that dissolves in water to form a solution with a ph greater than 7. Acid 7 Base Acids and bases are present in the foods you eat, the products you use, and the fluids in your body systems. Your stomach, for example, contains strong hydrochloric acid; other organs in your body produce bases to neutralize stomach acid at certain points in the digestive process. Turn to page 62 of the textbook and read Acids and Bases in Your Body. 1. Describe two things hydrochloric acid does in your body system. 2. What does sodium hydrogencarbonate do in your body system? 3. What do buffers do? your answers with those on page Science 10 Module 1 Section 2

2 You are already familiar with some of the properties of many acids and bases through your own personal contact with things you eat or use in your home. For instance, you probably know that lemons and vinegar taste sour, whereas if you ever had soap in your mouth it tastes bitter. Lemons and vinegar are acids (tastes sour), and soap is a base (tastes bitter). You also know that soap is slippery. This is another property of bases. Acids Bases Turn to page 63 of the textbook and read the information in Properties of Acids and Bases and Indicators. 4. Does vinegar feel slippery? Never perform a taste or touch test for acids or bases in the laboratory. 5. Describe two tests for acids and bases that are used in the laboratory. 6. What is an indicator? 7. a. What is litmus paper? b. What colour does litmus paper turn in an acid and in a base? 8. a. What is a universal indicator? b. What colour is the universal indicator shown in Figure A2.33 on page 63 of the textbook in acid, base, and neutral solutions? c. How does a universal indicator differ from litmus paper? your answers with those on pages 100 and 101. Science 10 Module 1 Section 2 93

3 The ph scale is a measure of the hydrogen ion concentration of a solution. The ph tells you how acidic or basic a substance is. The scale is between 0 and 14 with acidic solutions measuring between 0 and 7 and basic solutions measuring between 7 and 14. A change of a ph of 1 on the scale is a 10 change in acidity of the solution. ph of Some Common Substances CLR vinegar lemon milk table salt tap water toilet bowl cleaner ammonia orange juice cola shampoo liquid hand soap baking soda Turn to page 64 of the textbook and read The ph Scale. Study Table A What is the ph of a neutral solution? 10. Draw a line to represent the ph from 0 to 14; then mark the approximate ph of the substances listed on it. soap vinegar normal rain water blood stomach acid your answers with those on page 101. Acid rain occurs when rain water becomes acidic due to pollutants in the atmosphere. To learn more about acid rain, first read infobit on page 64 of the textbook. Then visit the following website: science10 Once there, click on Unit A: Hot Links and scroll down to Text Page 64. You will find a number of links to articles and information sites from credible organizations, like Environment Canada and Alberta Environment. Figure 2.10: Victims of acid rain 94 Science 10 Module 1 Section 2

4 Naming Acids In Lesson 5 you named ionic and molecular compounds using the IUPAC system. The IUPAC system can also be used to name acids. Acids have a hydrogen symbol (H) on the left side of the compound s formula. Organic acids, like CH 3 COOH, are the only exception. For these acids, the hydrogen symbol (H) is on the right. Turn to pages 64 and 65 of the textbook and read Naming Acids. Examine Table A2.18 closely. 11. What is common in the formulas given in Table A2.18? 12. a. Copy and complete the following table by writing the appropriate IUPAC name and common name for each acid. Acid IUPAC Name Other Name HCl(aq) hydrochloric acid H 2 SO 4 (aq) aqueous hydrogen sulfate HNO 3 (aq) H 3 PO 4 (aq) b. How are acids named using the IUPAC system? 13. What are the names of the two organic acids at the bottom of Table A2.18? Methanoic acid (formic acid) is part of what gives you the sting when an ant bites you. Methanoic acid is also present in sweat and pine needles. 14. Give the common name for each of the following acids. a. HCl(aq) b. H 2 SO 4 (aq) c. CH 3 COOH(aq) 15. What are two uses for aqueous hydrogen phosphate, or phosphoric acid? your answers with those on page 101. Science 10 Module 1 Section 2 95

5 Read through the uses for the acids in Table A2.18. How many uses are you familiar with? Naming Bases The formulas of some common bases can be recognized by the presence of a hydroxide ion (OH - ) along with a metal ion or ammonium ion. Turn to page 67 of the textbook and study Table A What did you notice about the bases that contain a metal ion and a hydroxide ion? 17. Copy and complete the following table by writing the scientific name and the common name for the following bases. Formula Scientific Name Common Name NaOH(s) Mg(OH) 2 (s) 18. What are the uses for potassium hydroxide and ammonium hydroxide? 19. You are already familiar with many acids and bases around the house. In a table, list the acids and bases you are familiar with that may be found in a home. your answers with those on pages 101 and Science 10 Module 1 Section 2

6 QuickLab The ph of Common Household Materials Read the entire activity on page 68 of the textbook. If you have access to a supervised laboratory, do Part A. If you do not have access to a supervised laboratory, do Part B. Part A Obtain the materials and equipment required to complete this activity. You can test the materials you listed in question 19 if you wish. Pay special attention to the safety precautions mentioned. 20. Copy and complete the following table. Name of Substance Prediction ph lemon juice tomato juice bleach vinegar soap window cleaner drain cleaner milk baking soda 21. Answer questions 1, 2, and 3 of Questions. your answers with those on pages 102 and 103. Science 10 Module 1 Section 2 97

7 Part B Use the following table to answer question 21 in Part A. Name of Substance Prediction ph lemon juice acid 3 tomato juice acid 4 bleach base 11 vinegar acid 2 soap base 9 window cleaner base 10 drain cleaner base 14 milk acid 6.5 baking soda base 8 98 Science 10 Module 1 Section 2

8 To see some uses of acids and bases around the home, visit the following website: Once there, click on Unit A: Hot Links and scroll down to Text Page 68. You will find a list of informative Internet links. Neutralization What do you think happens when you mix an acid and a base? Turn to page 68 of the textbook and read Neutralization. 22. What happens to the properties of an acid and a base when the two are mixed together? 23. What are the products produced when an acid and a base are mixed? your answers with those on page 103. Looking Back You have now completed the concepts for this lesson. You identified some of the properties of acids and bases. You observed the effect of acids and bases on different indicators and defined ph. You identified some ways of naming acids and bases and recognizing their formulas. You compared the ph of some acids and bases in the home and defined neutralization in terms of the properties of acids and bases. 24. Answer questions 1, 3.a., 3.c., 3.d., 4.a., 4.c., 4.h., 6, and 7 of and Reflect on page 69 of the textbook. your answers with those on page 103. Go to... Go to page 7 of Assignment Booklet 1B and answer questions 28 to 33. Science 10 Module 1 Section 2 99

9 Glossary acid: a compound that, when dissolved in water, forms a solution with a ph less than 7 base: a compound that, when dissolved in water, forms a solution with a ph greater than 7 buffer: a substance that keeps the ph of a solution nearly constant even when small amounts of acid or base are added indicator: a substance that shows whether a solution is acidic or basic neutral: having a ph of 7 neutralization: a process in which an acid and a base are mixed to form a solution that loses the acidic and basic properties ph: the measure of how acidic or basic a substance is universal indicator: a mixture of several indicators that changes colour in a solution as the acidity of the solution changes e.g., litmus and red cabbage juice Suggested Answers 1. Hydrochloric acid in your body system dissolves food and activates an enzyme called pepsin. 2. Sodium hydrogencarbonate neutralizes stomach acid, thus deactivating pepsin. 3. Buffers keep the ph of a solution nearly constant despite the addition of a small amount of acid or base to the solution. 4. No, vinegar does not feel slippery. 5. Reaction with metals and ph are two tests used for acids and bases in the laboratory. Acids react with most metals, whereas bases do not. The ph of acids is less than 7, whereas the ph of bases is greater than An indicator is a chemical that will change colour depending on the ph of a solution. 7. a. Litmus paper is a strip of absorbent paper with a chemical, called litmus, dried on it. Litmus paper is used to determine whether a solution is an acid or a base. b. Red litmus paper remains red in an acid and turns blue in a base. Blue litmus paper turns red in an acid and remains blue in a base. 100 Science 10 Module 1 Section 2

10 8. a. A universal indicator is a mixture of several indicators that changes colour as the ph of the solution changes. b. The universal indicator shown in Figure A2.33 on page 63 of the textbook is pink in an acid and violet in a base. It is yellow in a neutral solution. c. Litmus paper only tells you whether a substance is an acid or a base. A universal indicator gives an estimate of the ph of the solution. 9. The ph of a neutral solution is stomach acid (1.5) vinegar (3) normal rain water (6) blood (7.4) soap (8 10) 0 ACIDIC 7 BASIC A hydrogen symbol (H) and the subscript (aq) is common to the formulas in Table A a. Acid IUPAC Name Other Name HCl(aq) aqueous hydrogen chloride hydrochloric acid H 2 SO 4 (aq) aqueous hydrogen sulfate sulfuric acid HNO 3 (aq) aqueous hydrogen nitrate nitric acid H 3 PO 4 (aq) aqueous hydrogen phosphate phosphoric acid b. In the IUPAC system, acids are named as aqueous substances with the name of the compound. 13. Methanoic acid, HCOOH(aq), and ethanoic acid, CH 3 COOH(aq), are given at the bottom of the table. You will learn more about naming organic acids if you take a chemistry course in your future years. 14. a. muratic acid b. battery acid c. acetic acid 15. Aqueous hydrogen phosphate, or phosphoric acid, is used to provide the sour taste in soft drinks and in fertilizer manufacturing. 16. Bases that contain a metal ion and a hydroxide ion are all solids. Science 10 Module 1 Section 2 101

11 17. Formula Scientific Name Common Name NaOH(s) sodium hydroxide caustic soda Mg(OH) 2 (s) magnesium hydroxide milk of magnesia 18. Potassium hydroxide, KOH(s), is used in tanning leather. Ammonium hydroxide, NH 4 OH(aq), is used in window cleaner. 19. Acids lemon juice fruit juices, pop vinegar some toilet bowl cleaners products that remove lime (e.g., CLR and Limeaway) Bases soap window cleaner oven cleaner drain cleaner household bleach 20. Name of Substance Prediction ph lemon juice acid 3 tomato juice acid 4 bleach base 11 vinegar acid 2 soap base 9 window cleaner base 10 drain cleaner base 14 milk acid 6.5 baking soda base Science 10 Module 1 Section 2

12 21. Textbook questions 1, 2, and 3 of Questions, p to 3. Your completed line, although vertical, should be similar to the following. ph Scale lemon juice (3) vinegar (2) tomato juice (4) milk (6.5) baking soda (8) soap (9) window cleaner (10) bleach (11) drain cleaner (14) acidic basic 22. When an acid and a base are mixed together, the acidic and basic properties disappear. 23. Water and a salt are produced through a chemical process called neutralization. 24. Textbook questions 1, 3.a., 3.c., 3.d., 4.a., 4.c., 4.h., 6, and 7 of and Reflect, p a. basic b. acidic c. acidic d. neutral e. acidic f. neutral g. acidic h. basic i. neutral j. basic 3. a. base c. neither d. acid 4. a. HNO 3 (aq) c. CH 3 COOH(aq) h. aqueous hydrogen bromide or hydrobromic acid 6. A universal indicator will show what the approximate ph is by changing colour at various ph values. Litmus paper will only turn red or blue to indicate whether the solution is acidic or basic respectively. 7. a. The ph of the solution will increase as more NaOH solution is added. b. The conductivity of the solution does not change much as both HCl(aq) and NaOH(aq) are highly conductive as is the NaCl product that is produced. Image Credits All images in this lesson were created by or for Alberta Education with the following noted exceptions: Page 93 bottom Rubberball Productions/Getty Images 94 Photodisc/Getty Images 96 top Photodisc/Getty Images bottom Photodisc/Getty Images Science 10 Module 1 Section 2 103

Acids, Bases, and ph

Acids, Bases, and ph CHAPTER 9 1 SECTION Acids, Bases, and Salts Acids, Bases, and ph KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What properties do acids have? What properties do bases have? How can

More information

Chemistry Unit Test Review

Chemistry Unit Test Review SNC 2DI Chemistry Unit Test Review Note: this review sheet only covers the second half of our chemistry unit. You should use our mid-unit test review sheet to recall concepts from the first half of the

More information

Letter to the Student... 5 Test-Taking Checklist... 6 Next Generation Sunshine State Standards Correlation Chart... 7

Letter to the Student... 5 Test-Taking Checklist... 6 Next Generation Sunshine State Standards Correlation Chart... 7 Table of Contents Letter to the Student..................................... 5 Test-Taking Checklist.................................... 6 Next Generation Sunshine State Standards Correlation Chart...

More information

ACIDS AND BASES SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

ACIDS AND BASES SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ACIDS AND BASES Mild acids and bases are used in cooking (their reaction makes biscuits and bread rise). Acids such as those in our stomachs eat away at food or digest it. Strong acids and bases are used

More information

CHAPTER 9. ANS: a. ANS: d. ANS: c. ANS: a. ANS: c

CHAPTER 9. ANS: a. ANS: d. ANS: c. ANS: a. ANS: c CHAPTER 9 1. Which one of the following is the acid in vinegar? a. acetic acid b. citric acid c. muriatic acid d. ascorbic acid 2. Which is a basic or alkaline substance? a. gastric fluid b. black coffee

More information

6.8 Measuring the Acidity of Solutions Page 160

6.8 Measuring the Acidity of Solutions Page 160 6.8 Measuring the Acidity of Solutions Page 160 PRESCRIBED LEARNING OUTCOMES measure substances and solutions according to ph, solubility, and concentration KNOWLEDGE ph is the measure of the tendency

More information

Experiment 16-Acids, Bases and ph

Experiment 16-Acids, Bases and ph Definitions acid-an ionic compound that releases or reacts with water to form hydrogen ion (H + ) in aqueous solution. They taste sour and turn litmus red. Acids react with certain metals such as zinc,

More information

Syllabus OC18 Use litmus or a universal indicator to test a variety of solutions, and classify these as acidic, basic or neutral

Syllabus OC18 Use litmus or a universal indicator to test a variety of solutions, and classify these as acidic, basic or neutral Chemistry: 9. Acids and Bases Please remember to photocopy 4 pages onto one sheet by going A3 A4 and using back to back on the photocopier Syllabus OC18 Use litmus or a universal indicator to test a variety

More information

5 ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS

5 ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS 5 ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q.1. Taste the following substances and enter the result in the following table : Substance Taste (Sour / bitter / any other) Lemon juice Orange

More information

Chemists use the ph value to measure how acidic or basic a solution is. The ph scale runs from 0 to 14:

Chemists use the ph value to measure how acidic or basic a solution is. The ph scale runs from 0 to 14: The ph Value Chemists use the ph value to measure how acidic or basic a solution is. The ph scale runs from 0 to 14: If the ph value is lower than 7 (0 to 6.99) the solution contains more H + ions than

More information

3 Solutions of Acids and Bases

3 Solutions of Acids and Bases CHAPTER 3 3 Solutions of Acids and Bases SECTION Chemical Compounds BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are strong and weak acids? What are strong

More information

Properties of Acids and Bases

Properties of Acids and Bases Lab 22 Properties of Acids and Bases TN Standard 4.2: The student will investigate the characteristics of acids and bases. Have you ever brushed your teeth and then drank a glass of orange juice? What

More information

Chapter 6. Solution, Acids and Bases

Chapter 6. Solution, Acids and Bases Chapter 6 Solution, Acids and Bases Mixtures Two or more substances Heterogeneous- different from place to place Types of heterogeneous mixtures Suspensions- Large particles that eventually settle out

More information

Q1: What is the ph Scale? Q6: As acids become more acidic, their ph values

Q1: What is the ph Scale? Q6: As acids become more acidic, their ph values Q1: What is the ph Scale? Q6: As acids become more acidic, their ph values increase or decrease? Q2: The range of values of the ph scale is: Q7: As bases become more alkaline, their ph values increase

More information

EXPERIMENT 20: Determination of ph of Common Substances

EXPERIMENT 20: Determination of ph of Common Substances Materials: ph paper and color chart (ph range 3 to 12) or ph meter distilled water white vinegar household ammonia (or baking soda) spot plate test or 3 small test tubes stirring rod solutions / fruits

More information

Chapter 17. How are acids different from bases? Acid Physical properties. Base. Explaining the difference in properties of acids and bases

Chapter 17. How are acids different from bases? Acid Physical properties. Base. Explaining the difference in properties of acids and bases Chapter 17 Acids and Bases How are acids different from bases? Acid Physical properties Base Physical properties Tastes sour Tastes bitter Feels slippery or slimy Chemical properties Chemical properties

More information

25.1 Acids, Bases, and ph

25.1 Acids, Bases, and ph In the Investigations, you measured several indicators of water quality, including the ph. You may remember that ph values range from 0 to 14. Low values (0 to 6) indicate that a solution is acidic whereas

More information

Names of students present in your group

Names of students present in your group Your name Names of students present in your group Lab Instructor Lab & Table Number SCI 265 INVESTIGATION HOUSEHOLD CHEMISTY Many of the households are acid or bases. Acids and bases are important compounds

More information

Wherever chemical solutions are involved, ph matters. Some

Wherever chemical solutions are involved, ph matters. Some 47 Acids, Bases, and the ph Scale r e a d i n g Wherever chemical solutions are involved, ph matters. Some important chemical reactions, such as those involved in corrosion of iron or digestion of food,

More information

Basic chemistry for A level Biology

Basic chemistry for A level Biology Basic chemistry for A level Biology Make a list of the missing words from the text please. Chose from this list; MISSING WORDS Neutrons, arrangement, carbon-14, charge, weak, alkaline, covalently, number,

More information

6) Which compound is manufactured in larger quantities in the U.S. than any other industrial chemical?

6) Which compound is manufactured in larger quantities in the U.S. than any other industrial chemical? MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which statement concerning Arrhenius acid-base theory is not correct? A) Acid-base reactions must

More information

Acids, Bases and Salts

Acids, Bases and Salts Acids, Bases and Salts 2 HAPTER Tips and Tricks Acids are sour in taste and bases are bitter in taste. Indicators are chemical substances which give different colours in acidic and basic solutions. If

More information

not to be republished NCERT Acids, Bases and Salts CHAPTER 2 Multiple Choice Questions

not to be republished NCERT Acids, Bases and Salts CHAPTER 2 Multiple Choice Questions Multiple Choice Questions 1. What happens when a solution of an acid is mixed with a solution of a base in a test tube? (i) The temperature of the solution increases (ii) The temperature of the solution

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. CHE 1400 - Spring 2015 - Chapter 7 Homework 7 MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1)According to Arrhenius, an acid and a base will react

More information

ph and Red Cabbage Juice

ph and Red Cabbage Juice Science Unit: Lesson 1: Water Quality ph and Red Cabbage Juice School year: 2004/2005 Developed for: Developed by: Grade level: Duration of lesson: Laura Secord Elementary School, Vancouver School District

More information

We use in our daily life a large

We use in our daily life a large 5 Acids, Bases and Salts We use in our daily life a large number of substances such as lemon, tamarind, common salt, sugar and vinegar. Do they have the same taste? Let us recall tastes of some edible

More information

You may have heard the word acid used in your everyday life. List some things that this word was describing when you heard it.

You may have heard the word acid used in your everyday life. List some things that this word was describing when you heard it. Textbook pages 158 to 175 What are acids and bases, and how do they react? Before You Read Topic 2.4 Summary You may have heard the word acid used in your everyday life. List some things that this word

More information

ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS

ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS Acids are those chemical substances which have a sour taste. Bases are those chemical substances which have a bitter taste. A salt is an ionic compound which dissociates to yield a positive ion other than

More information

Acids and Bases. AND a widemouth container of the following solids:

Acids and Bases. AND a widemouth container of the following solids: Acids and Bases GOAL To introduce students to acids and bases. MATERIALS: 3 10oz clear plastic cups 1 4 oz. bottle white vinegar - labeled Acid 1 4 oz. bottle of water - labeled Water 1 4 oz. bottle of

More information

Chemistry 52. Reacts with active metals to produce hydrogen gas. Have a slippery, soapy feeling. React with carbonates to produce CO 2

Chemistry 52. Reacts with active metals to produce hydrogen gas. Have a slippery, soapy feeling. React with carbonates to produce CO 2 ACID AND BASE STRENGTH Experiment #2 PURPOSE: 1. To distinguish between acids, bases and neutral substances, by observing their effect on some common indicators. 2. To distinguish between strong and weak

More information

Neutralizing an Acid and a Base

Neutralizing an Acid and a Base Balancing Act Teacher Information Objectives In this activity, students neutralize a base with an acid. Students determine the point of neutralization of an acid mixed with a base while they: Recognize

More information

Acids, Bases, and Indicators Colorful Chemistry

Acids, Bases, and Indicators Colorful Chemistry Cool Chemistry Show Activity 7 Acids, Bases, and Indicators Colorful Chemistry GOALS In this activity you will: Identify common household acids and bases. Identify characteristic properties of acids and

More information

CHM 130LL: ph, Buffers, and Indicators

CHM 130LL: ph, Buffers, and Indicators CHM 130LL: ph, Buffers, and Indicators Many substances can be classified as acidic or basic. Acidic substances contain hydrogen ions, H +, while basic substances contain hydroxide ions, OH. The relative

More information

EXPERIMENT 10 Chemistry 110. Solutions Part 2 ACIDS, BASES, AND ELECTROLYTES

EXPERIMENT 10 Chemistry 110. Solutions Part 2 ACIDS, BASES, AND ELECTROLYTES EXPERIMENT 10 Chemistry 110 Solutions Part 2 ACIDS, BASES, AND ELECTROLYTES PURPOSE: The purpose of this experiment is to determine the properties of solutions of acids, bases and electrolytes. Students

More information

ANSWER KEY. Acids, Bases, and Solutions. Chapter Project Worksheet 1 1. Answers will vary. Sample: cherries, blueberries,

ANSWER KEY. Acids, Bases, and Solutions. Chapter Project Worksheet 1 1. Answers will vary. Sample: cherries, blueberries, Chapter Project Worksheet 1 1. Answers will vary. Sample: cherries, blueberries, and grass 2. Answers will vary. Sample: Cut 5 g of cherries into small pieces and place in blender. Blend for two minutes,

More information

Table 1. give a slippery feel. produce a piercing pain in a wound. are colorless when placed in phenolphthalein (an indicator).

Table 1. give a slippery feel. produce a piercing pain in a wound. are colorless when placed in phenolphthalein (an indicator). Acid/Base Basics How does one define acids and bases? In chemistry, acids and bases have been defined differently by two sets of theories. One is the Arrhenius definition, which revolves around the idea

More information

UNIT (6) ACIDS AND BASES

UNIT (6) ACIDS AND BASES UNIT (6) ACIDS AND BASES 6.1 Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases Definitions for acids and bases were proposed by the Swedish chemist Savante Arrhenius in 1884. Acids were defined as compounds that

More information

CHM1 Review for Exam 12

CHM1 Review for Exam 12 Topics Solutions 1. Arrhenius Acids and bases a. An acid increases the H + concentration in b. A base increases the OH - concentration in 2. Strong acids and bases completely dissociate 3. Weak acids and

More information

TOPIC 11: Acids and Bases

TOPIC 11: Acids and Bases TOPIC 11: Acids and Bases ELECTROLYTES are substances that when dissolves in water conduct electricity. They conduct electricity because they will break apart into Ex. NaCl(s)! Na + (aq) + Cl - (aq), and

More information

Handout 6-A. The Ion Balancing Act of ph. Using Forensics: Wildlife Crime Scene!

Handout 6-A. The Ion Balancing Act of ph. Using Forensics: Wildlife Crime Scene! The Ion Balancing Act of ph Name Date We are affected every day by the ph of liquids in and around us. The food we eat and liquids we drink have ph levels, and our body organs require specific phs to keep

More information

CHEM 102: Sample Test 5

CHEM 102: Sample Test 5 CHEM 102: Sample Test 5 CHAPTER 17 1. When H 2 SO 4 is dissolved in water, which species would be found in the water at equilibrium in measurable amounts? a. H 2 SO 4 b. H 3 SO + 4 c. HSO 4 d. SO 2 4 e.

More information

Chemical reactions. Classifications Reactions in solution Ionic equations

Chemical reactions. Classifications Reactions in solution Ionic equations Chemical reactions Classifications Reactions in solution Ionic equations Learning objectives Distinguish between chemical and physical change Write and balance chemical equations Describe concepts of oxidation

More information

Acid-Base Indicator Useful Indicators

Acid-Base Indicator Useful Indicators Chemistry 101 - H Acids and Bases This presentation was created by Professor Carl H. Snyder Chemistry Department University of Miami Coral Gables, FL 33124 CSnyder@miami.edu Chapter 10 - Acids and Bases

More information

Suggested Problems: p. 625-627 #58, 59, 65, 69, 74, 80, 85, 86, 90, 92, 93, 98, 99

Suggested Problems: p. 625-627 #58, 59, 65, 69, 74, 80, 85, 86, 90, 92, 93, 98, 99 Chemistry I Accelerated Study Guideline - Chapter 19 Acids, Bases and Salts ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ By the end of this unit, the skills you should

More information

How many ml of 0.250M potassium permangenate are needed to react with 3.36 g of iron(ii) sulfate?

How many ml of 0.250M potassium permangenate are needed to react with 3.36 g of iron(ii) sulfate? How many ml of 0.250M potassium permangenate are needed to react with 3.36 g of iron(ii) sulfate? 1 - Change the mass of iron(ii) sulfate to moles using the formula weight.of iron(ii) sulfate 2 - Change

More information

Types of reactions: Acid-base reactions

Types of reactions: Acid-base reactions OpenStax-CNX module: m39088 1 Types of reactions: Acid-base reactions Free High School Science Texts Project This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License

More information

CHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF EVERYDAY HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS

CHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF EVERYDAY HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS CHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF EVERYDAY HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS Cautions: You will be using dangerous, caustic (corrosive) chemicals in this lab, so it is important that you are very careful with them. Wear gloves

More information

III. IDENTIFICATION of the IONS in CONSUMER PRODUCTS

III. IDENTIFICATION of the IONS in CONSUMER PRODUCTS 1 III IDENTIFICATION of the IONS in CONSUMER PRODUCTS I. OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND NOTE: Parts A-F need not be completed in the order written. The solutions used in this experiment have concentrations

More information

Red Cabbage ph paper

Red Cabbage ph paper Red Cabbage ph paper Summary Some of the most important kinds of chemicals in science are acids and bases. Although you may not realize it, you use acids and bases in your home everyday. You can recognize

More information

The Acid Test Grade Nine

The Acid Test Grade Nine Ohio Standards Connection: Physical Sciences Benchmark B Explain how atoms react with each other to form other substances and how molecules react with each other or other atoms to form even different substances.

More information

CHM 130LL: Double Replacement Reactions

CHM 130LL: Double Replacement Reactions CHM 130LL: Double Replacement Reactions One of the main purposes of chemistry is to transform one set of chemicals (the reactants) into another set of chemicals (the products) via a chemical reaction:

More information

Topic 8 Acids and bases 6 hours

Topic 8 Acids and bases 6 hours Topic 8 Acids and bases 6 hours Hydronium ion (H3O + ) = more stable form of hydrogen ion (H + ) H + + H2O H3O + 8.1 Theories of acids and bases 2 hours 1. Arrhenius H-X / M-OH ACID a substance that dissociates

More information

Nomenclature: How to Name Chemicals

Nomenclature: How to Name Chemicals Nomenclature: How to Name Chemicals Introduction Many of the chemicals we use at home have common names. Baking soda is used as a rising agent in cookies. Bleach is used to whiten our clothes. Ammonia

More information

The ph Scale Instructions and answers for teachers

The ph Scale Instructions and answers for teachers The ph Scale Instructions and answers for teachers These instructions should accompany the OCR resource The ph Scale activity which supports OCR GCSE (9 1) Twenty First Century Chemistry B Lesson Element.

More information

16. What is the H 3 O + concentration of a solution that has an OH concentration of 1 10 3 M? 1) 1 10 4 M 3) 1 10 11 M

16. What is the H 3 O + concentration of a solution that has an OH concentration of 1 10 3 M? 1) 1 10 4 M 3) 1 10 11 M 1. If the [OH ] = 1 10 4 at 298 K for a given solution, the [H + ] of the solution is equal to 1) 1 10 14 3) 1 10 6 2) 1 10 10 4) 1 10 4 2. Based on Reference Table V, which is the strongest base? 1) NO

More information

Properties of Acids and Bases Identification and Classification

Properties of Acids and Bases Identification and Classification Properties of Acids and Bases Identification and Classification Introduction Acids and bases are useful reagents in the chemistry laboratory and play an important role in biology and nature. What are acids

More information

Acid Base Properties of Household Materials

Acid Base Properties of Household Materials Materials NOT in box Properties of Household Materials Recommended for Chapter(s): 7 Demo #029 1. Safety goggles. 2. Cabbage juice. If you need help preparing your cabbage juice please e-mail Darby (feldwinn@chem.ucsb.edu)

More information

EXPERIMENT 4 Acid Strength

EXPERIMENT 4 Acid Strength EXPERIMENT 4 Acid Strength Introduction Many common substances are either acids or bases. Some acids, like stomach acid are necessary for our health, while others, like sulfuric acid are dangerous and

More information

Science 20. Unit A: Chemical Change. Assignment Booklet A1

Science 20. Unit A: Chemical Change. Assignment Booklet A1 Science 20 Unit A: Chemical Change Assignment Booklet A FOR TEACHER S USE ONLY Summary Teacher s Comments Chapter Assignment Total Possible Marks 79 Your Mark Science 20 Unit A: Chemical Change Assignment

More information

Colourful chemistry 1.0eng

Colourful chemistry 1.0eng Colourful chemistry 1.0eng Heureka, the Finnish Science Centre, www.heureka.fi Kati Tyystjärvi kati.tyystjarvi@heureka.fi General The purpose of this project is to familiarize students with acids and alkaline

More information

Chapter 19: Acids and Bases Homework Packet (50 pts) Name: Score: / 50

Chapter 19: Acids and Bases Homework Packet (50 pts) Name: Score: / 50 Chapter 19: Acids and Bases Homework Packet (50 pts) Topic pg Section 19.1 1-3 Section 19.2 3-6 Section 19.3 6-7 Section 19.4 8 Naming Acids 9 Properties of Acids/Bases 10-11 Conjugate Acid/Base Pairs

More information

EOC Review Acids Bases and Salts

EOC Review Acids Bases and Salts EOC Review Acids Bases and Salts 1.Identify the Bronsted-Lowry acid and base in each of the following reactions. 2.The hydroxide ion is 3. The hydronium ion is 4.HCl is a strong/weak acid? 5.CH 3 COOH

More information

Chapter 7 Chemical Reactions

Chapter 7 Chemical Reactions Chemistry 25 Chapter 7 Chemical Reactions Chemical Reactions Reactions involve chemical changes in matter resulting in new substances. Reactions involve rearrangement and exchange of atoms to produce new

More information

Worked solutions to student book questions Chapter 4 Analysing acids and bases

Worked solutions to student book questions Chapter 4 Analysing acids and bases Q. Antacid tablets should normally be chewed before they are swallowed. Why? A. Antacid tablets are normally chewed to provide a larger surface area for faster reaction with stomach acids. Q. A laboratory

More information

CHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF EVERYDAY HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS

CHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF EVERYDAY HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS CHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF EVERYDAY HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS Purpose: It is important for chemists to be able to determine the composition of unknown chemicals. This can often be done by way of chemical tests.

More information

I. Definitions: Name: Period: Date: 1. Arrhenius (1887)- produce in aqueous solutions produce in aqueous solutions

I. Definitions: Name: Period: Date: 1. Arrhenius (1887)- produce in aqueous solutions produce in aqueous solutions Name: Period: Date: I. Definitions: 1. Arrhenius (1887)- produce in aqueous solutions produce in aqueous solutions 2. Bronsted-Lowry (1923) 3. Lewis (1923), so only allows for aqueous solutions only protic

More information

Module Seven Including Liquids and Solutions in Stoichiometric Calculations. Chem 170. Stoichiometric Calculations. Module Seven

Module Seven Including Liquids and Solutions in Stoichiometric Calculations. Chem 170. Stoichiometric Calculations. Module Seven Chem 170 Stoichiometric Calculations Module Seven Including Liquids and Solutions in Stoichiometric Calculations DePauw University Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Page 1 Introduction to Module

More information

10TH CHEMISTRY NOTES

10TH CHEMISTRY NOTES 1. Acids: Acids are sour in taste, turn blue litmus red and give H3O+ ion (hydronium ions in solution. e.g. HCl, H2SO4, HNO3 etc 2. Bases: Bases are bitter in taste, have soapy touch, turns red litmus

More information

General Chemistry Lab Experiment 6 Types of Chemical Reaction

General Chemistry Lab Experiment 6 Types of Chemical Reaction General Chemistry Lab Experiment 6 Types of Chemical Reaction Introduction Most ordinary chemical reactions can be classified as one of five basic types. The first type of reaction occurs when two or more

More information

Name: Class: Date: 2 4 (aq)

Name: Class: Date: 2 4 (aq) Name: Class: Date: Unit 4 Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The balanced molecular equation for complete neutralization of

More information

Acids and Bases: Cabbage Juice ph Indicator

Acids and Bases: Cabbage Juice ph Indicator Acids and Bases: Cabbage Juice ph Indicator Teacher Version * If printing the labs in black & white, be sure to print out a color version of the cabbage juice ph scale separately * Acids and bases are

More information

Acids and Bases. Chapter 16

Acids and Bases. Chapter 16 Acids and Bases Chapter 16 The Arrhenius Model An acid is any substance that produces hydrogen ions, H +, in an aqueous solution. Example: when hydrogen chloride gas is dissolved in water, the following

More information

The Molecules of Cells

The Molecules of Cells The Molecules of Cells Chapter 2 Introduction: Who Tends This Garden? Chemicals are the stuff that make up our bodies and those of other organisms They make up the physical environment as well The ordering

More information

QUESTION (2012:3) (a) (i) Complete the table below showing the conjugate acids and bases. CO 3 H 2 O OH HCN CN -

QUESTION (2012:3) (a) (i) Complete the table below showing the conjugate acids and bases. CO 3 H 2 O OH HCN CN - QUESTION (2012:3) (i) Complete the table below showing the conjugate acids and bases. Conjugate acid Conjugate base - HCO 3 2 CO 3 H 2 O OH HCN CN - (ii) HPO 4 2 (aq) Write equations for the reactions

More information

Acids and Alkalis. you will learn. What. Sour taste. The opposite of an acid. Telling them apart. Cancelling out

Acids and Alkalis. you will learn. What. Sour taste. The opposite of an acid. Telling them apart. Cancelling out 4 Acids and What you will learn Sour taste The opposite of an acid Telling them apart Cancelling out 33 Acids and 4a Sour taste In grade 6, you have studied that there are many ways that you could classify

More information

Return to Lab Menu. Acids and Bases in Your House

Return to Lab Menu. Acids and Bases in Your House Return to Lab Menu Acids and Bases in Your House OBJECTIVES Isolate a natural acid-base indicator. Determine the acid-base properties of common household solutions. INTRODUCTION Acids and bases are among

More information

CHAPTER 16: ACIDS AND BASES

CHAPTER 16: ACIDS AND BASES CHAPTER 16: ACIDS AND BASES Active Learning: 4, 6, 14; End-of-Chapter Problems: 2-25, 27-58, 66-68, 70, 75-77, 83, 90-91, 93-104 Chapter 15 End-of-Chapter Problems: 69-74, 125, 129, 133 16.1 ACIDS AND

More information

Experiment 9 - Double Displacement Reactions

Experiment 9 - Double Displacement Reactions Experiment 9 - Double Displacement Reactions A double displacement reaction involves two ionic compounds that are dissolved in water. In a double displacement reaction, it appears as though the ions are

More information

Laboratory 6: Double Displacement Reactions

Laboratory 6: Double Displacement Reactions Introduction Double displacement reactions are among the most common of the simple chemical reactions to study and understand. We will explore the driving forces behind the chemical reactions, and use

More information

1. Read P. 368-375, P. 382-387 & P. 429-436; P. 375 # 1-11 & P. 389 # 1,7,9,12,15; P. 436 #1, 7, 8, 11

1. Read P. 368-375, P. 382-387 & P. 429-436; P. 375 # 1-11 & P. 389 # 1,7,9,12,15; P. 436 #1, 7, 8, 11 SCH3U- R.H.KING ACADEMY SOLUTION & ACID/BASE WORKSHEET Name: The importance of water - MAKING CONNECTION READING 1. Read P. 368-375, P. 382-387 & P. 429-436; P. 375 # 1-11 & P. 389 # 1,7,9,12,15; P. 436

More information

Answer the following questions on notebook paper, to be collected and graded for correctness.

Answer the following questions on notebook paper, to be collected and graded for correctness. nswer the following questions on notebook paper, to be collected and graded for correctness. 1. Name the following binary acids: a. HCl hydrochloric acid b. HF hydrofluoric acid c. H 2 S hydrosulfuric

More information

Lecture 6. Classes of Chemical Reactions

Lecture 6. Classes of Chemical Reactions Lecture 6 Classes of Chemical Reactions Lecture 6 Outline 6.1 The Role of Water as a Solvent 6.2 Precipitation Reactions 6.3 Acid-Base Reactions 1 Electron distribution in molecules of H 2 and H 2 O The

More information

Nomenclature and Household Items

Nomenclature and Household Items Nomenclature and Household Items NAME: DATE: PERIOD: Background: Many household items contain chemicals that are commonly used in everyday life. Some chemicals are edible while other compounds would be

More information

Fall 2007 GOAL LESSON OUTLINE I. Introductory Demonstration, Mystery Liquids. II. Discussion of Acids and Bases. III. Explanation of the ph Scale.

Fall 2007 GOAL LESSON OUTLINE I. Introductory Demonstration, Mystery Liquids. II. Discussion of Acids and Bases. III. Explanation of the ph Scale. ph Fall 2007 GOAL To introduce students to acids, bases and the ph scale. Fits Metro Davidson County Science Academic Standards for 5 th and 8 th Text reference none. grades. LESSON OUTLINE I. Introductory

More information

Types of Reactions. What are Acids &Bases? Chapter 15. Acids & Bases. Definition? a) Arrhenius. b) Bronsted-Lowry. c) Lewis

Types of Reactions. What are Acids &Bases? Chapter 15. Acids & Bases. Definition? a) Arrhenius. b) Bronsted-Lowry. c) Lewis Chapter 15. Acids & Bases Acid/Base Definitions Types of Acids/bases Polyprotic Acids The Ion Product for Water The ph and Other p Scales Aqueous Solutions of Acids and Bases Hydrolysis The Common Ion

More information

Properties of Acids and Bases

Properties of Acids and Bases Properties of Acids and Bases (Adapted from Flinn Scientific Acid Base Test Kit I #AP4567) Introduction Battery acid, stomach acid, acid rain just a few acids in our everyday life! What does it mean when

More information

14-Jul-12 Chemsheets A

14-Jul-12 Chemsheets A www.chemsheets.co.uk 14-Jul-12 Chemsheets A2 009 1 BRONSTED-LOWRY ACIDS & BASES Bronsted-Lowry acid = proton donor (H + = proton) Bronsted-Lowry base = proton acceptor (H + = proton) Bronsted-Lowry acid-base

More information

VANDERBILT STUDENT VOLUNTEERS FOR SCIENCE. Acids and Bases. Fall 2012

VANDERBILT STUDENT VOLUNTEERS FOR SCIENCE. Acids and Bases. Fall 2012 VANDERBILT STUDENT VOLUNTEERS FOR SCIENCE Acids and Bases Fall 2012 GOAL: To introduce students to acids and bases. MATERIALS 3 10oz clear plastic cups 1 4 oz. bottle white vinegar - labeled Acid 1 4 oz.

More information

Acids and Bases: Cabbage Juice ph Indicator

Acids and Bases: Cabbage Juice ph Indicator Acids and Bases: Cabbage Juice ph Indicator Student Version Acids and bases are found in a variety of everyday items, including food and drink, medicine, and cleaning products. In this lab, we will learn

More information

Acids and Bases: Cabbage Juice ph Indicator

Acids and Bases: Cabbage Juice ph Indicator Acids and Bases: Cabbage Juice ph Indicator Student Advanced Version Acids and bases are found in a variety of everyday items, including food and drink, medicine, and cleaning products. In this lab, we

More information

ionic substances (separate) based on! Liquid Mixtures miscible two liquids that and form a immiscible two liquids that form a e.g.

ionic substances (separate) based on! Liquid Mixtures miscible two liquids that and form a immiscible two liquids that form a e.g. Unit 7 Solutions, Acids & Bases Solution mixture + solvent - substance present in the amount solute - in the solvent solvent molecules solute particles ionic substances (separate) based on! Liquid Mixtures

More information

About Science Prof Online PowerPoint Resources

About Science Prof Online PowerPoint Resources About Science Prof Online PowerPoint Resources Science Prof Online (SPO) is a free science education website that provides fully-developed Virtual Science Classrooms, science-related PowerPoints, articles

More information

Chapter 4 Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions. As will likely come as no surprise, chemical reactions can be categorized in a variety of

Chapter 4 Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions. As will likely come as no surprise, chemical reactions can be categorized in a variety of Chapter 4 Three Major Classes of Chemical Reactions As will likely come as no surprise, chemical reactions can be categorized in a variety of different ways, with nearly all reactions falling into more

More information

5. The ph of a solution is 2. If its ph is increased to 6, how many times greater is the [H + ] of the original solution?

5. The ph of a solution is 2. If its ph is increased to 6, how many times greater is the [H + ] of the original solution? IB Chemistry SL Topic 8 Questions 4. Which substance can be dissolved in water to give a 0.1 mol dm 3 solution with a high ph and a high electrical conductivity? A. HCl B. NaCl C. NH 3 D. NaOH 5. The ph

More information

Chapter 14: Acids and Bases

Chapter 14: Acids and Bases Ch 14 Page 1 Chapter 14: Acids and Bases Properties of Acids Sour taste React with some metals Turns blue litmus paper red React with bases Some Common Acids HCl, hydrochloric acid H 2 SO 4, sulfuric acid

More information

Questions for Discussion. Introduction. What is ph? Neutralization

Questions for Discussion. Introduction. What is ph? Neutralization Questions for Discussion Why do leaves change color in autumn? What are acids and bases? How does red cabbage fit in? How are all these things related? Introduction The questions above may not seem related,

More information

Experiment 9: Acids and Bases Adapted from: Chemistry, Experimental Foundations, 4th Ed. Laboratory Manual, by Merrill, Parry & Bassow.

Experiment 9: Acids and Bases Adapted from: Chemistry, Experimental Foundations, 4th Ed. Laboratory Manual, by Merrill, Parry & Bassow. Chem 121 Lab Clark College Experiment 9: Acids and Bases Adapted from: Chemistry, Experimental Foundations, 4th Ed. Laboratory Manual, by Merrill, Parry & Bassow. Content Goals: Increase understanding

More information

WORKSHEET: ph and Water 23 Lab Instructor: Lab Day & Time: Student name(s): drain cleaner flat soda pop window cleaner ammonia.

WORKSHEET: ph and Water 23 Lab Instructor: Lab Day & Time: Student name(s): drain cleaner flat soda pop window cleaner ammonia. WORKSHEET: ph and Water 23 Lab Instructor: Lab Day & Time: Student name(s): DATA AND ANALYSIS ph Substance ph Value Substance ph Value Substance ph Value pure water apple juice dish soap sugar water beer

More information

Experiment 8 - Double Displacement Reactions

Experiment 8 - Double Displacement Reactions Experiment 8 - Double Displacement Reactions A double displacement reaction involves two ionic compounds that are dissolved in water. In a double displacement reaction, it appears as though the ions are

More information

SCH3UI-02 Final Examination Review (Fall 2014)

SCH3UI-02 Final Examination Review (Fall 2014) SCH3UI-02 Final Examination Review (Fall 2014) 1. Chlorine has an atomic number of 17. Create a Bohr Rutherford diagram of a Cl-35 atom. To achieve a stable arrangement, is this atom most likely to gain

More information