SIHHHDS303A. Hair colour. Skilling people for the industry

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1 SIHHHDS303A Hair colour Skilling people for the industry

2 SIHHHDS303A Hair colour Skilling people for the industry Hair colour all theory and preparation for real skills transfer from mannequin activities to live models full mapping to SIH units available SIHHHSC301A Apply the principles of hairdressing science SIHHCLS302A Colour and lighten hair SIHHCLS303A Design and perform full and partial highlighting techniques SIHHCLS304A Neutralise unwanted colours and tones SIHHCLS305A Perform on scalp full head and retouch bleach services individual learner resource for interactive use full colour images comprehensive step by step sequences 97 pages 6 try me activities and 5 full head activites activities include rubrics (checklists) and planners (headsheets) to complete commercial salon suggested timeframes for practical activities research activities and tasks to complete rubrics (checklists) and planners (headsheets) to reproduce for model completions, transferring real skills from the learning environment to the salon environment suitable for all college students and workplace training sutiable for use with student managed learning and lock step delivery

3 CONTENTS Hair Colour... 3 About the learner guide... 3 About the learning activities...4 About the workplace...5 About assessment...5 Introduction... 6 Chapter 1: Palette...7 Light...7 Level...7 Tone...9 Colour in hair colour...11 Lightening and tonal chemistry Chapter 2: Chemistry...14 Hair Structure Chapter 3: Colour Products Hair colour Products Colour Categories...22 Activators Mixing and safety Chapter 4: Technical Language...27 Chapter 5: Consultation Analysis and formulation...30 Look books Create a haircolour plan Chapter 6: Techniques and activities theory...37 Lightening Darkening Toning and neutralising Hair Colour 1

4 Chapter 7: Colouring Activities Swatching activities...44 Try me techniques 1. Full colour Retouch Virgin application Foiling Balayage Full head activities 1. Virgin lighten with bleach Scalp bleach retouch application Dimensional full colour Full head weave foils on round layer Balayage...84 Chapter 8: Consultation & learning Tools Consultation sheet...89 Activity check list Hair colour

5 CHAPTER 1 : PALETTE Hair colour is not a finite art or skill and is governed by perception, culture and taste. Blue is a range of colours to a range of people as is blonde or red. Palette is a combination of : Light Level ( lightness or darkness) Colour (tone) LEVEL Level is the measurement of dark ( depth ) or light of a colour. In hair colour the level is measured from black to blonde. The level system is written in numbers, this makes colour formulations easy to recognize and record in client histories. Each colour brand will have their own variation of the names and level numbers. LIGHT How do we see colour? Light receptors within the eye transmit messages to the brain, which produces the familiar sensations of color. Newton observed that color is not inherent in objects. Rather, the surface of an object reflects some colours and absorbs all the others. We perceive only the reflected colours.* The generic level system Number Name 10 Lightest blonde 9 Light blonde 8 Blonde 7 Medium blonde 6 Dark blonde 5 Medium brown 4 Brown 3 Dark brown 2 Natural black 1 Black *source : au.pantone.com Hair Colour 7

6 COLOUR (TONE) Tone is the recognition of colour. In hair colouring level and tone are combined to create the colour. The colour wheel The generic colour wheel has 12 colours 6 Tertiary colours The tertiary colours are made from combining primary and secondary colours together. Red + orange = Red/orange Orange + yellow = yellow/orange Yellow + green = yellow/green Green + blue = green/blue Blue + violet = blue/violet Violet + red = red/violet 3 Primary colours Primary colours are pure and are used to mix together to create more colours 3 Secondary colours Using tone in hair colouring The colours are placed in a specific order on the colour wheel. They sit between the colours which mix and they sit opposite the colours which neutralise them. A neutralised colour will be brown or blonde, a level with natural tone. 6R + 6G = 6N Secondary colours are made from 2 primary colours mixed together. Red + blue = violet blue + yellow = green red + yellow = orange Hair Colour 9

7 The cuticle can be damaged environmentally or chemically. Environmental or physical damage : this is the damage caused by blowdrying, brushing, elastics and bobby pins, the sun, wind and wear and tear on longer, older hair. Chemical damage : this is the damage caused by detergents (shampoos), alcohol ( styling and finishing products), hair colour and texture products. Melanin Melanin is the name of the natural pigment types found in hair. Melanin is produced through a healthy production and oxidisation of the amino acid tyrosine, followed by polymerisation. The pigment is produced in a special group of cells known as melanocytes. There are two basic types of melanin: eumelanin and pheomelanin. The most common type of melanin is eumelanin. There are two types of eumelanin- brown eumelanin and black eumelanin. Eumelanin composition and density will vary for every hair. Natural hair colour from black to blonde, is a combination of eumelanin. As hair colour is oxidized in the hair shaft, the melanin changes colour and the result we see is called natural remaining pigment. Although every hair strand has its own unique blend of melanin, the natural remaining pigment can be reasonably accurately predicted. The natural remaining pigment will be part of the combined final colour visible after a hair colour service. Number Natural Name Natural remaining pigment 10 Lightest blonde Pastel yellow 9 Light blonde Yellow 8 Blonde Yellow/orange 7 Medium blonde Orange yellow 6 Dark blonde Orange 5 Medium brown Red/orange 4 Brown Red 3 Dark brown Red 2 Natural black Red 1 Black Red Pheomelanin is pink to red pigment. When pheomelanin is mixed with brown eumelanin, it is largely responsible for red hair. Eumelanin (Black) Eumelanin (Brown) Mixed Melanin (eumelanin + pheomelanin (Brown Blonde) Pheomelanin Hair by Rebecca Sun Hair Colour 15

8 The ph scale The ph Scale is used to measure the acidity of water based solutions. It is measured with numbers from 0 to 14. Lower numbers are acidic, higher numbers are alkaline. Skin has a healthy state ph of Pure rain water has a ph of 7. ph balanced environments ( skin, hair) will feel soft to touch. They will feel firmer, tight or harder when the have a more alkaline ph and will feel softer or even slimey when they have a more acidic ph. The ph of hair products is an important factor to understand when prescribing chemical services and home hair care. ALKALINE (BASE) ph Examples Liquid drain cleaner (ph = 14) Bleaches, oven cleaner (ph = 13.5) Ammonia solution (ph = ) Chemical straighteners (ph = 10+) Baking soda (ph = 9.5) Sea water (ph = 8) Blood (ph = 7.5) Professional shampoos (ph = approx 7) Pure rainwater (ph = 7) Milk, urine, saliva (ph = ) Hair and skin (ph = 5.5) Black co fee (ph = 5) Grapefruit juice, so t drink, tomato juice (ph = ) Lemon juice (ph = 2) Battery acid, Hydrochloric acid (ph = 0) ACID 18 Hair Colour

9 BALAYAGE effect and QUICK COMB ON COLOUR TECHNIQUES When is it required? These techniques are popular for single process colours and for those not wanting high maintenance retouch services. BALAYAGE is the name of a traditional French hair colouring technique, literally painting in a sweeping motion. Commonly used to describe comb on or quick salon colouring techniques. Why are quick salon techniques popular? speed of application. longer between salon visits as the demarcation is not obvious. fashionable. The client has a confidence asking for them as they feel they are not as committed as regrowth generating colours. Which products can be used? Permanent colour, bleach and high lift tint are all suitable for quick salon techniques. The product must has a thick viscosity and must not dry out quickly. Tips and tricks for great balayage/comb on effects use the look book pictures as the name balayage is given to many different effects. deliver the quantity of colour visible in the final result the client is expecting. work methodically for speed and accuracy. take care with possible overlapping in retouch clients. practice on models to build skills (its not as easy as it looks!). rebook your clients to ensure they have beautiful colour all the time (they are your calling card!). work cleanly (trolley, tools and partings) and methodically for professional application and salon speed. learn the consultation sheet to ensure a fast consultation with perfect colour choices every time a fast maintenance colour will bring client loyalty. APPLICATIONS FOR BALAYAGE and COMB ON EFFECTS Use a variety of tools to find the most appropriate for each hair density and variable colour preference. The tool will need to be fine enough to use like an artists pen for drawing, while delivering enough product to penetrate (wet through) the mesh and apply sufficient colour. 40 Hair Colour

10 FULL HEAD ACTIVITY 3 his Time tit y iv act 45 Dimensional full colour Minutes Technique: Dimensional full colour application Other detail: Full colour with a progression of level and tone For youernt assessm 30tes Minu In this colour activity, you will: colour a full head using multiple levels and tones of permanent hair colour. In-salon client This colourist is left handed Equipment 30 Minutes Cutting framework Pixie layer Sectioning To start Use the manufacturers colour chart. Match the start level and tone on the chart, record on the worksheet. Record the target levels & tones. Mix an amount of colour with developer/peroxide as directed by your educator. Follow the manufacturer instructions for mixing. Record the formula and quantity used on the worksheet. Draw the colour placement and sections to be used on the planning sheet. 74 Hair Colour

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