A. Be able to describe the causes of the Revolutionary War: -Many colonists thought the taxes that England put on them were not fair.

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1 Dear Parents and Students, We are well into our unit on the Revolutionary War. This sheet contains the main ideas. We will have a test on. Please review this study guide to help you get ready A. Be able to describe the causes of the Revolutionary War: -Many colonists thought the taxes that England put on them were not fair. -Many colonists were upset that they had no voice to represent them in the British Parliament. -Many colonists did not like the rules that England put on them. -Many colonists wanted to make their own laws and govern themselves. B. (Be able to name and briefly describe) one of the taxes the British made the colonists pay. -The Sugar Act (1764). It put a tax on sugar from other countries. -Stamp Act (1765). It taxed newspapers and all public or legal documents in the American colonies. -Townshend Acts (1767). These laws put new taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea. -Tea Act (1773). This act meant colonists could only buy British tea so England would get a lot of money. C. (Be able to explain) one difference between Patriots and Loyalists in America. Differences included: -Loyalists believed the British King had a right to rule the colonies. The -Loyalists believed many of the taxes they had to pay were fair. The -Patriots wanted to be free to rule themselves. Loyalists did not want a government ruled by the Patriots. -Many loyalists helped the British army during the War. The Patriots did not and served in or helped the Continental Army. ** EXTRA credit for those who can share more than the minimum!!!!!!!

2 (Be able to) match names & facts for the following people: George Washington: He was a soldier who commanded the Continental Army. King George the Third: The King of England just before and during the Revolutionary War. Paul Revere: He made a famous ride to warn colonists that the British Army was coming. Nathan Hale: He was a patriot spy who said, I regret that I have but one life to give for my country. Patrick Henry: He gave speeches about freedom including, Give me liberty or give me death. Thomas Jefferson: He wrote most of the Declaration of Independence and also signed it. Samuel Adams: He led protests against British laws and taxes. He also took part in the Boston Tea Party. Ben Franklin: He was a printer, inventor, and statesman who signed the Declaration of Independence. John Hancock: He was a wealthy patriot who helped finance the war. He had the first (& the biggest) signature on the Declaration of Independence. Molly Pitcher: Brought many pitchers of water to thirsty soldiers. She fired a gun at the British when her husband was wounded. REVIEW the following events and facts: (multiple choice) The French and Indian War. It was fought between England (&colonists) and France (&Indians) because both countries wanted lots of land in the American colonies. The British won the war but it cost a lot of money. The British wanted to raise some money by taxing the colonists. The Boston Tea Party. It happened in December 1773 as a protest against the Tea Act. Patriots dressed as Indians, boarded a British ship, and dumped more than 300 crates of tea into Boston Harbor. The start of the Revolutionary War. It began in April 1775 with battles in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. The first shot fired was known as the shot heard around the world. The Declaration of Independence: It was approved by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, It was a statement declaring the American colonists were free from British rule and free to govern themselves. The end of the Revolutionary War. After America won a big battle at Saratoga over the British, the French began to help the colonists in the war. In 1781, the British surrendered when the Continental Army (with help from France) defeated the British at Yorktown in Virginia.

3 Dear Parents and Students, We are well into our unit on the Revolutionary War. This sheet contains the main ideas. We will have a test on. Please review this study guide to help you get ready A. Be able to describe the causes of the Revolutionary War: -Many colonists thought the taxes that England put on them were not fair. -Many colonists were upset that they had no voice to represent them in the British Parliament. -Many colonists did not like the rules that England put on them. -Many colonists wanted to make their own laws and govern themselves. B. (Be able to name and briefly describe) one of the taxes the British made the colonists pay. -The Sugar Act (1764). It put a tax on sugar from other countries. -Stamp Act (1765). It taxed newspapers and all public or legal documents in the American colonies. -Townshend Acts (1767). These laws put new taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea. -Tea Act (1773). This act meant colonists could only buy British tea so England would get a lot of money. C. (Be able to explain) one difference between Patriots and Loyalists in America. Differences included: -Loyalists believed the British King had a right to rule the colonies. The -Loyalists believed many of the taxes they had to pay were fair. The -Patriots wanted to be free to rule themselves. Loyalists did not want a government ruled by the Patriots. -Many loyalists helped the British army during the War. The Patriots did not and served in or helped the Continental Army. ** EXTRA credit for those who can share more than the minimum!!!!!!!

4 (Be able to) match names & facts for the following people: George Washington: He was a soldier who commanded the Continental Army. King George the Third: The King of England just before and during the Revolutionary War. Paul Revere: He made a famous ride to warn colonists that the British Army was coming. Nathan Hale: He was a patriot spy who said, I regret that I have but one life to give for my country. Patrick Henry: He gave speeches about freedom including, Give me liberty or give me death. Thomas Jefferson: He wrote most of the Declaration of Independence and also signed it. Samuel Adams: He led protests against British laws and taxes. He also took part in the Boston Tea Party. Ben Franklin: He was a printer, inventor, and statesman who signed the Declaration of Independence. John Hancock: He was a wealthy patriot who helped finance the war. He had the first (& the biggest) signature on the Declaration of Independence. Molly Pitcher: Brought many pitchers of water to thirsty soldiers. She fired a gun at the British when her husband was wounded. REVIEW the following events and facts: (multiple choice) The French and Indian War. It was fought between England (&colonists) and France (&Indians) because both countries wanted lots of land in the American colonies. The British won the war but it cost a lot of money. The British wanted to raise some money by taxing the colonists. The Boston Tea Party. It happened in December 1773 as a protest against the Tea Act. Patriots dressed as Indians, boarded a British ship, and dumped more than 300 crates of tea into Boston Harbor. The start of the Revolutionary War. It began in April 1775 with battles in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. The first shot fired was known as the shot heard around the world. The Declaration of Independence: It was approved by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, It was a statement declaring the American colonists were free from British rule and free to govern themselves. The end of the Revolutionary War. After America won a big battle at Saratoga over the British, the French began to help the colonists in the war. In 1781, the British surrendered when the Continental Army (with help from France) defeated the British at Yorktown in Virginia.

5 Be able to EXPLAIN: A> The ideas of the Constitution of the U.S. This document is the BASIC LAW OF OUR NATION. After we won the Revolution, the newly freed states made their own rules, and many leaders including George Washington though our country would be stronger as a united nation. Each state sent delegates to a convention and they created our government system of checks and balances.. It was written in 1787 and has lasted over 200 years. B> The importance of the war. The Patriots suffered hardships such as death and disease to fight for freedom and justice for ALL people. They taught us that ordinary people can do amazing things. Think about: If we had NOT won our freedom. How might things be today??? ******************************************************************** The test will be a mix of multiple choice, matching and short answer. We will practice in class AND talk about strategies so DON T WORRY --- You can do this!

6 Be able to EXPLAIN: A> The ideas of the Constitution of the U.S. This document is the BASIC LAW OF OUR NATION. After we won the Revolution, the newly freed states made their own rules, and many leaders including George Washington though our country would be stronger as a united nation. Each state sent delegates to a convention and they created our government system of checks and balances.. It was written in 1787 and has lasted over 200 years. B> The importance of the war. The Patriots suffered hardships such as death and disease to fight for freedom and justice for ALL people. They taught us that ordinary people can do amazing things. Think about: If we had NOT won our freedom. How might things be today??? ******************************************************************** The test will be a mix of multiple choice, matching and short answer. We will practice in class AND talk about strategies so DON T WORRY --- You can do this!

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