TEAM SIZE: 1 or 2 students APPROXIMATE TIME: 60 minutes

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1 DON T BUG ME DESCRIPTION: Using characteristics of the major arthropod classes, the students are to distinguish insects from non-insects. They will also identify insect specimens, body parts, characteristics, habitats, ecological significance, and life cycles and major classes and orders of arthropods. Major Arthropod Classes Arachnida Chilopoda Crustacea Diplopoda Insecta (Hexapoda) Major Orders of Insecta Thysanura, Orthoptera, Isoptera, Neuroptera, Ephemeroptera, Odonata Mallophaga, Anoplura, Hemiptera Homoptera, Dermaptera, Coleoptera Trichoptera, Lepidoptera Diptera Siphonaptera, Hymenoptera TEAM SIZE: 1 or 2 students APPROXIMATE TIME: 60 minutes THE COMPETITION: Teams will rotate through 20 different stations that will contain insect specimens, pictures or both. Each station will have between 4 to 8 true/false or multiple choice questions. The only items teams will be allowed to bring into the competition are 2 5 x 7 cards and pencils. SCORING: One point will be given for each correct answer. The team with the highest score will be the winner. Questions: Test questions will be taken from the test bank attached or will be similar type questions. What features do all insects have? Number of Legs A. 2 4 B. 4 2 C. 6 3 D. 8 3 Number of Body Parts Question Bank

2 What does the word pollinate mean? a. fertilize b. harvest c. provide d. sprout Insects were on the Earth long before the time of: a. dinosaurs b. humans c. birds d. all of these An insect's body has how many sections (segments)? a. two b. three c. four d. six All insects have how many total legs? a. two b. four c. six d. eight Which of the following is NOT an insect? a. fly b. beetle c. dragonfly d. spider "Insect" is Latin for: a. bug b. small c. segmented d. crawls Insects are a class of arthropods, a word that means: a. rigid toes b. stiff wing c. jointed feet d. athlete s feet Many insects lay eggs that hatch into: a. larva b. pupa c. maggots d. cocoons Insects have special mouth parts that allow them to: a. chew plants b. pierce skin c. eat other insects d. all of these Insects do NOT have: a. bones b. an exoskeleton c. jointed legs d. antennae

3 Insects have a hard outside layer (exoskeleton) made up of: a. super glue b. bone c. cartilage d. chitin The study of insects is called a. zoology b. insectology c. entomology d. astrology Today, insects are being used to: a. solve crimes b. clean wounds c. control crop pests d. all of these The life span of a house fly is about a. 17 minutes b. 17 hours c. 17 days d. 17 weeks Insects breathe through special holes called: a. lungettes b. eyelettes c. spiracles d. oxygen pores Most insect species are in which group (order)? a. flies (Diptera) b. beetles (Coleoptera) c. ants/bees (Hymenoptera) d. butterflies/moths (Lepidoptera). Which insect goes through incomplete metamorphosis? a. bee v. ant c. butterfly d. grasshopper What are the three stages of incomplete metamorphosis? A: egg, larva, pupa B: egg, nymph, pupa C: egg, nymph, adult D: egg, pupa, adult How many different kinds (species) of insects are there in the world? A. 10,000 B. 100,000 C. 1,000,000 D. 1,000,000,000

4 What is state insect of Texas? A. Ladybug B. Cockroach C. Monarch Butterfly D. Honey Bee How many lenses are in a dragonfly's eyes? A. 10 B C. 10,000 D. 30,000 How fast can honeybees fly? A. 2 mph B. 7 mph C. 10 mph D. 13 mph What is the loudest insect? A. Cricket B. House fly C. June Bug D. Cicada What is the most dangerous insect? A. Wasp B. Mosquito C. Flea D. Fire Ant Studies have shown that humans have 792 distinct muscles, while grasshoppers have 900 muscles. How many separate muscles do some caterpillars have? A. 500 B C D Female mosquitoes need a lot of protein in order to lay eggs and can triple their body weight with just one meal of blood from a reptile, bird, or mammal. How much would this equal for a 100 pound human? A. 2 gallons B. 14 gallons C. 23 gallons D. 36 gallons Which of the following insects would be a good source of calcium? A. Cricket B. June Beetle C. Grasshopper D. Red Ant Insects make up what percentage of the world's animals? a. 40 percent b. 60 percent c. 80 percent d. 20 percent

5 Which of the following insects has not evolved much from its original form? a. cockroach b. dragonfly c. dungbeetle d. house fly What do insects use their simple eyes for? a. detecting colors b. detecting light c. magnifying images Which of the following is an insect? A, B. C, What common bathroom item can be used in a killing jar to collect bugs? Nail polish. It contains ethyl acetate and can be used on a moistened tissue in a jar to kill bugs for collections. What must a female mosquito do before laying eggs? Eat a blood meal. Centipedes have 1 pair of legs per body segment. How many pairs of legs do millipedes have per body segment? Two pairs. During peak production, how many eggs can a queen bee lay per day? 1,500 eggs. What insect was responsible for transmitting the Bubonic or Black Plaque? The flea. How did the Hessian fly get to America? On wheat straw brought by Hessian soldiers in the British army during the French-Indian War.

6 Who brought the European honey bee to the US? The pilgrims. What is the food of honeybee queens? Royal Jelly. What's a "king" honeybee called? A drone. Who is generally considered the founder of entomology? Aristole. Who is the founder of entomology in the US? Thomas Say. In what family of aquatic insect does the male of some species carry eggs on its back? Belostamatidae, or the giant water bug. Who won a Nobel price for study of insect behavior? Karl von Frisch for his work on communication between bees (i.e. the bee dance) How did the spongillaflies get their name? The larvae feed on freshwater sponges. Which one spins a cocoon? Moth Butterfly Both Only the moth spins a cocoon. Butterflies form a chrysalis. Which one has knobs on the ends of its antenna: Moth Butterfly Both Antennae are a key feature separating moths from butterflies. Only the butterfly has knobs or a knobby hook on the end of its antenna. Moth antennae are plumose (feathery) or simply straight.

7 Which one has scales on its wings: Moth Butterfly Both Both moths and butterflies have scales on their wings. Scales cover the wings of moths and hairs and scales cover other body parts. Scales are made of chitin, the same material as an insect s exoskeleton. Which one flies at night: Moth Butterfly Both The majority of moths fly at night. The majority of butterflies fly in daylight. Which one has mouthparts called a proboscis: Moth Butterfly Both The mouths of both moths and butterflies are in the shape of a sucking tube called a proboscis. Which one rests with its wing spread flat: Moth Butterfly Both Moths sit in a resting position with their wings open flat or to their sides while butterflies sit with their wings raised over their backs. What does a female winged ant do just after she mates? She leaves the nest What do praying mantises and dragonflies have in common that is very rare in the insect world? They can move their heads all about without moving their bodies True or False? Grasshoppers can swim. true What do spittlebug nests resemble? bubbles True or False? Only female mosquitoes bite. True How do ants know where to go in a house to find food? The first ant to find it goes back to the nest leaving a chemical trail as it goes

8 What part of the ant's body is used to smell? feelers Why do dragonflies dip their tails in the water? to lay eggs Which of the following is NOT a way to tell a moth from a butterfly? All moths are dull in color, and butterflies are brightly colored True or False? Insects with good eyesight usually have shorter feelers than insects with poor eyesight. True How does spitting yellow liquid help protect the ladybug? It smells terrible and tastes worse True or False? Only adult fireflies can emit light. false Why does the aphid let ants drink the sweet juices that it produces? in return the ant protects it from enemies When butterflies emerge from their chrysalis, they hang upside down for a time. Why is this? They are taking advantage of gravity. Where is the tympanum or eardrum located on a cricket? On the leg What is the hard purse-like egg container that a cockroach produces called? Ootheca The tarantula hawk is the world's largest known wasp. What is the reason behind its name? The females use spiders to hatch their eggs What is the purpose of a proboscis? To feed

9 Honeypot ants have a special behavior that helps them survive in very dry areas. Which of these is it? Part of the colony is used as living vases Some insects have gills to breathe under water like a fish. true Which of these insects did the ancient Egyptians compare to their sun god, Ra? scarab beetle Some insects, such as butterflies, go through complete metamorphosis. Other insects, such as dragonflies, go through incomplete metamorphosis. Which statement about the two types of metamorphosis is true Complete metamorphosis occurs more quickly than incomplete What are the stages of a butterfly's lifecycle? Egg, larva, chrysalis, adult What order of insects are Lepidoptera? Butterflies and moths How many legs do insects have? Six What are the main body sections of an insect? Head, thorax, abdomen Exoskeleton What do insects use the most for senses? Antennae What do insects use to get oxygen? Spiracles What is the most beneficial insect known to man? Honeybee

10 What is the most dangerous insect pest in the world? Mosquitoes What insect was responsible for the bubonic plague? Fleas The arthropod group is the first animal group to have Jointed legs Insects are the largest animal group in numbers. True Insects have the largest range in sizes in the animal kingdom. False Most insects live on land True Insects have an inner skeleton False The series of stages an insect goes through as it changes from an egg to an adult insect is called Metamorphosis Which is the these stages is not a part of complete metamorphosis? Nymph What is the lifespan of a dragonfly? 24 hours What is the name of a person who studies fleas? pullicologist How fast can a dragonfly fly? mph

11 Do all insects lay eggs? No, The Madagascan Hissing Cockroach is one of the few insects who give birth to live young, rather than laying eggs. How much honey can one honeybee produce in its lifetime? 1/12th teaspoon of honey. How long can a cockroach live without its head? One week What is the lifespan of a housefly? days Which animal is the most populous in the world? Beetle

12 Identify the insect by its Order. Order Description Thysanura wingless insects with flattened elongate bodies, long antennae and usually with three, long, tail like appendages. They are usually found in moist locations around houses or out-of-doors under stones, bark and boards. They run rapidly and hide in cracks and crevices. Occasionally they damage book bindings, curtains, wallpaper, etc. Example: Silverfish Ephemeroptera delicate insects with two pairs (rarely just one pair) of triangular shaped wings with many veins - the front pair are large and the hind pair are small. They have long front legs, that are often directed forward. The antennae are very short and there are usually three (less commonly only 2) long, tail-like appendages. Adults are common around water, especially in spring, when they may emerge in large numbers. Example: Mayfly Odonata large insects with two pairs of membranous, many-veined wings; the hind pair are as large as or larger than the front pair. Mouthparts are formed for chewing. They have large conspicuous eyes. Aquatic immature stages, called nymphs (or naiads) live in flowing or still water and are not much like the adults in appearance. Adults are common around ponds, lakes and streams. Example: dragonfly

13 Orthoptera Orthoptera generally have two pairs of wings with many veins and range in size from 1/4 inch to 2 inches long. The front pair is usually slender and the hind pair is broad and fan-like. Mouthparts are formed for chewing. Nymphs resemble the adults. Antennae may be long and thread-like. Front wings are generally elongate and the hind wings are usually wider. Wings may be held tent-like over the body or more flattened and overlapping. Hind legs are generally long and robust, fitted for jumping.. Some members of this group are quite destructive to crops. Example: grasshoppers, crickets Isoptera small, soft-bodied, yellowish, whitish, tan or black insects that live in colonies in wood. Colonies consist of three castes: workers, soldiers and swarmers. Workers and soldiers are wingless and never leave the colony. They have beadlike antennae and thick waists which distinguish them from ants. They do millions of dollars in damage to houses each year. They eat wood but cannot digest the cellulose. They rely on one-celled animals (protozoans) in their intestine to digest the cellulose Example: termites Coleoptera The largest order by number of insect species. They usually have two pairs of wings. The front pair of wings, called elytra, are thick and form a hard shell over the abdomen. The hind wings are membranous and are folded under the front wings when at rest. Mouthparts are formed for chewing but some are modified considerable for piercing or pollen feeding. Example: beetles.

14 Siphonaptera Siphonaptera are small, wingless insects with the body flattened laterally (from side to side). All the spines on the body point to the rear of the insect which allows them to run through the hair of an animal easily. Mouthparts are formed for piercing and sucking. The immature or larval stage is elongate and worm-like, quite different from the adults. Larvae are found in the nests of various animals, in carpets in the home or in the soil in areas where animals frequent. They are seldom seen and feed on organic debris. They are well known as pests of domestic animals and man. One species transmits the bacterium that causes plague. Plague has killed more than 125,000,000 people over the past 3,000 years. These insects are blood-feeders only as adults. They usually feed on animals but will attack humans. Example: Flea Diptera Diptera are usually winged, but have only one pair of wings with few veins. Hind wings are represented by a pair of slender, knobbed structures called halteres. A few forms are wingless as adults, primarily parasites. Mouthparts are formed for sucking or piercing and sucking. The larvae are entirely different from the adults and are usually found in different habitats. Immatures usually are known as maggots. Immature Diptera have mouthparts, modified for sucking or for piercing and sucking.. Some are internal parasites of mammals. Larvae may be thin and elongate or thin and wide. Some are elaborately ornamented. Example: fly Lepidoptera This is a large order of insects and one of the best known. Lepidoptera usually have four well developed wings covered with overlapping scales as adults. A few adult Lepidoptera have reduced wings or none at all. Mouthparts of the adults are formed for sucking but some have reduced or non-functional mouthparts. Some generally fly during the day and can be recognized by the clubbed antennae. Some generally fly at night but there are exceptions. Some have antennae that are linear or feathery but not clubbed. Immature stages (larvae) are known as caterpillars. Example: Butterflies and Moths

15 Hymenoptera Adult Hymenoptera are winged or wingless insects. Winged members have two pairs of membranous wings with relatively few veins. Mouthparts are formed for chewing or modified for both chewing and sucking. Some have wide waists but most Hymenoptera have the body constricted greatly between the abdomen and thorax. Metamorphosis is complete. They can be microscopic to over 1 inch long. Example: Ants, Bees and wasps Neuroptera are rather fragile insects with two pairs of many-veined wings of about the same size. Antennae are long and threadlike or shorter and some are even clubbed. Chewing mouthparts occur in adults. Most Neuroptera hold their wings roof-like over the abdomen but some overlap their wings. Example: Lacewing. Mallophaga - Small, wingless insects living as external parasites of birds or, less frequently, of mammals. Head fairly broad, with very small eyes and short antennae which are often concealed. Mouthparts of a modified biting type. Body usually flattened, with the prothorax distinct from the other two thoracic segments, which may be partly fused together. Example: Lice Anoplura: Lice with sucking mouthparts belong to this order. Sucking lice are parasites of mammals.

16 Hemiptera is an order of insects most often known as the true bugs comprising around 50,000 80,000 species.. They range in size from 1 mm to around 15 cm, and share a common arrangement of sucking mouthparts Example: Stinkbug Homoptera A suborder of Hemiptera, in which both pairs of wings are similar in texture, and do not overlap when folded, as in the cicada. Example: Cicada Dermaptera. The name, derived from the Greek "derma" meaning skin and "ptera" meaning wings, refers to the thickened forewings that cover and protect the hind wings. Example: Earwig Trichoptera, has approximately 12,000 described species. [1] Also called sedge-flies or rail-flies, they are small moth-like insects having two pairs of hairy membranous wings. They are closely related to Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) which have scales on their wings, and the two orders together form the superorder Amphiesmenoptera. Example: Caddisfly

17 Name this Insect Praying Mantid Damselfly American Cockroach

18 Termite Cicada Firefly

19 Bumblebee Moth Butterfly Moth

20 Butterfly Moth Butterfly

21 Harvester Ant Dung Beetle Potato Beetle

22 Black swallowtail caterpillar Black Swallowtail butterfly darkling beetle Mealworm

23 aphid Lacewing Dobsonfy

24 Water bug Red velvet ant Cricket Walking stick

25 Leaf Beetle Cucumber beetle

26 Boll weevil Carpenter Ants Leaf Cutter Ants

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