ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, & OTHER DRUGS. Standards & Benchmarks: 1:ALL; 2:1,2,3,4,6; 3:ALL; 6:1,3

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1 HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, & OTHER DRUGS Standards & Benchmarks: 1:ALL; 2:1,2,3,4,6; 3:ALL; 6:1,3 Objective: = The students will explain the difference between responsible drug use and wrong drug use. = The students will name six kinds of drugs. = The students will identify signs of drug misuses and abuses. = The students will explain different types of drug abuse treatments. = Resources: Text: Totally Awesome Health and/or materials from public health agencies Activity: 1. Define: Responsible Drug Use a. drug misuse b. drug abuse c. illegal drug use = Identify the different kinds of legal drugs. - have students list as many over the counter drugs as possible = Review guidelines for being responsible in the use of prescription drugs and over-thecounter drugs. 2. Identify the signs that a teen is misusing or abusing drugs: Drug dependence physical dependence tolerance Withdrawal symptoms psychological dependence = Review warning signs of teen drug misuse and abuse (text) = Discuss consequences of drug misuse and abuse Overdose difficult relationships violence & crime Accidents HIV & STD s drug dependence 3. Treatment options for drug abuse = Formal intervention = = Outpatient care Inpatient care Identify places in your community that can help people who have a drug problem. ESL Strategies and Spanish Vocabulary:

2 Modifications: (Indicate modifications necessary for students with I.E.P.s or 504 plans or Title I Students to achieve this objective.) Evaluation: Written evaluation: Have students pick an agency, doctor, teacher, parent, principal, etc. and interview them on the topic of drugs, misuses and treatments and report back to the class. Students will then each complete a summary of what they learned. Notes for Future Reference:

3 HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, & OTHER DRUGS Standards & Benchmarks: 1:ALL; 3:ALL; 6:1,3 Objective: = The student will explain why harmful drug use increases the risk of accidents and violence = The student will identify protective factors that will help you stay away from drugs = The student will identify resistance skills you can use if you are pressured to use drugs. = The student will explain why harmful drugs increase the risk of HIV, STD s and unwanted pregnancy Resources: Text: Totally Awesome Health Newspaper articles (have students collect articles about drug related events for about two weeks). Activity: 1. Class Discussion students share the information in articles. They then identify which drugs are the most commonly used. (i.e., alcohol, tobacco, steroids, etc.). Identify how these drugs can affect activities which can lead to accidents and violence. (Car accidents, drowning, falls, fires, murder, suicide, theft, abuse, rape, etc.) 2. Discuss why drug use increases the risk of rape = Define what rape is = Define drug slipping (placing a drug into someone s food or drink without the person s knowledge). = Discuss how drug slipping can be dangerous 3. Discuss why drug use increases the risk of HIV, STD s and unwanted pregnancy. = Drug use may cause faulty thinking. Many things can happen when people don t think clearly. They can lead to unprotected sex which in turn can cause many other problems such as: STD s, HIV and unwanted pregnancy. 4. Students identify several protective factors to help them stay away from drugs. 5. Create a Health Behavior contract. Copy contract (from page 261 in textbook or class design). = Students will identify their plan to stay healthy, sign and retain in notebook. ESL Strategies and Spanish Vocabulary:

4 Modifications: (Indicate modifications necessary for students with I.E.P.s or 504 plans or Title I Students to achieve this objective.) Evaluation: Teacher observation of student participation in class discussion, identification of drug misuse in news articles and creation of their own health behavior contract. Notes for Future Reference:

5 HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, & OTHER DRUGS Standards & Benchmarks: 1:All; 3:1,2,3,4,6,7; 4:2,4; 5:6; 6:1,3; 7:4 Objective: 1. The students will explain why it is risky to use tobacco. 2. The students will identify reasons why you should avoid smoking and breathing second hand smoke and using smokeless tobacco. 3. The students will list resistance skills to avoid use of tobacco. 4. The students will evaluate the way media promotes tobacco use. Resources: Text: Totally Awesome Health Activity: Define Nicotine: an addictive stimulant drug found in tobacco. 1. Define: Tar Carbon Monoxide Cilia Second Hand Smoke Sidestream Smoke Carcinogen Snuff Explain that all these words deal with tobacco. = Identify what health risks are associated with smoking: Cancer Emphysema Heart Disease Stroke Cavities Headaches, etc. 2. Students write and answer question: Why should I avoid breathing second hand smoke? = Discuss as a class = Identify ways to avoid breathing second hand smoke 3. Students write and answer question: Why should I avoid the use of smokeless tobacco? = Discuss as a class = Identify the myth of smokeless tobacco that it is less dangerous than smoking. (WRONG!) = Identify the risks associated with smokeless tobacco. List (i.e., bad breath, tooth loss, ulcers of gum, cancer of mouth, etc.) 4. Identify ways the media promotes the use of tobacco (Examples: TV, shows, commercials, sports, ads) 5. Have students create posters to resist pressure to use tobacco. Say NO to tobacco use give reasons why. ESL Strategies and Spanish Vocabulary:

6 Modifications: (Indicate modifications necessary for students with I.E.P.s or 504 plans or Title I Students to achieve this objective.) Evaluation: Written evaluation: Definitions of words associated with tobacco use. Student posters describing ways to resist tobacco use and the reasons why. Notes for Future Reference:

7 HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, & OTHER DRUGS Standards & Benchmarks: 1:ALL; 3:ALL; 4:2,3,4; 5:6; 6:1,3; 7:4 Objective: 1. The student will explain why there is no such thing as responsible teen drinking. 2. The student will explain how drinking can harm your body and mind. 3. The student will identify ways media promotes drinking. 4. The student will outline resisting skills. 5. The student will explain alcoholism and its effect on families. Resources: Text: Totally Awesome Health Magazines or newspapers Activity: 1. Define words that are associated with alcohol (alcohol, intoxication, fetal alcohol syndrome, alcoholism, and psychological dependence). 2. Ask students what the drinking age is in the United States. Have students write one paragraph explaining why they think the drinking age is 21. Discuss: Is there responsible teen drinking? (NO) 3. List and describe ways drinking can harm the body. Intoxication Hangover Cardiovascular Diseases Nerve Damage Fatigue Malnutrition Obesity Cirrhosis Cancer Kidney Failure Brain Damage Digestive Problems Reproductive System Respiratory Illness 4. List and describe how drinking can harm the mind. Thinking Aggressive Behavior Stronger Emotions Memory Coordination Psychological Dependence 5. How does the media promote drinking? Check magazines, think of TV commercials, or drinking on TV shows and movies (pick one thing) Identify the hidden message by answering: What is being advertised? Where did the ad appear? What is the purpose of the message? How does the ad encourage people to purchase alcohol? If there are people in the ad, what desirable qualities do they have? What desirable qualities does the scenery on background have? Who will profit if teens are influenced by the message? Discuss as a class. 6. List ways to resist pressure to drink. 7. What is alcoholism? (Have students answer) - Discuss what alcoholism is and its effects on the drinker and family. - Have students research where they can learn and get information on alcoholism and outside help.

8 ESL Strategies and Spanish Vocabulary: Modifications: (Indicate modifications necessary for students with I.E.P.s or 504 plans or Title I Students to achieve this objective.) Evaluation: Written evaluation: Test students on how alcohol effects body and mind. Teacher observation of discussion of hidden message activity. Written evaluation: Students are to find one outside resource for help on alcoholism. Notes for Future Reference:

9 HEALTH MIDDLE SCHOOL ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, & OTHER DRUGS Standards & Benchmarks: 1:ALL; 3:ALL; 4:2,4; 5:6; 6:1,3; 7:4 Objective: = The students will identify reasons why the illegal use of the following drugs is dangerous: marijuana, cocaine and crack, methamphetamine. = The students will explain why drug mixing can cause injury, illness and death. = The students will state reasons not to use drugs. Resources: Textbook: Totally Awesome Health, outside agencies, outside presenters and resources and research materials (optional). Activity: = Students generate a list of all the illegal drugs they can think of that people use. (Write drugs on board.) = Discuss the risks and dangers of marijuana, cocaine and crack, methamphetamine, LSD, MOMA, roofies, heroin, PCP, inhalants and steroids. = Divide the class into ten groups and assign one drug to each group. = Each group is to research the drug and create a presentation using facts and visual aids. Criteria What is the drug? Effects of drug. Forms of the drug. Misuse and abuse of the drug. Health risks of the drug. = Present projects to the class. The class should take notes from each presentation. = Students will list reasons why they will avoid being involved in illegal drugs. = Share reasons with the class. = Students will also list ways to resist pressure to be involved in illegal drug use. ESL Strategies and Spanish Vocabulary: Modifications: (Indicate modifications necessary for students with I.E.P.s or 504 plans or Title I Students to achieve this objective.)

10 Evaluation: Teacher observation of presentation how well did students meet objectives in their research and presentation? Written evaluation: Student notes on presentations. Notes for Future Reference:

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